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Arizona Sun The State’s Only Negro Newspaper y<S. , : Published in the Interest of the Social, Political and Economic Welfare N of Arizona. Vol. 5 sc~Per Copy ARIZONA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER!, Both Labor and the Public Respect Veterans’ Picket Lines At Palmer Plants Not only members of organized labor but representatives of other business and industry are respect ing veterans’ picket lines at the Palmer Manufacturing Company, Seventh Avenue and Jefferson, Phoenix, according to reparts com ing in to the Phoenix Central La bor Council from the veterans themselves. The Palmer plant is engaged principally in the manufacture of evaporative coolers, but it does other types of metal work, as well, including repair of automotive radiators, and the boycott spread to that branch as well as to other sections of the plant. Employes of automobile repair shops, carrying faulty radiators, when they see the picket lines, are backing off and turning away, the veterans say. Veteran trainees under the GI biil of rights walked out of the Palmer plant ten days ago after the management refused either to give them the training to which they were are entitled or to pay them a living wage. At the height of the dispute, Oscar Palmer, head of the establishment left town to attend a meeting of the National Manufacturers Association in the East. The strike of the veterans at the Palmer company has the whole hearted support of the Phoenix Building Trades Council and the Phoenix Central Labor Council. The secretary-treasurer of the Ari zona State Federation of Labor was authorized by these organiza tions last week to request all mem bers of the American Federation of Labor to respect the veterans’ picket lines. Union officials point to the sit uation at the Palmer plant as a good illustration of what would happen to labor if the rattlesnake "right-to-work” amendment to the State constitution were adopted by the people at the general election this fall. The veterans at the Palmer factory have the “right to work.” It is guaranteed them by the federal constitution and by di rect legislation, as well. But in an "open” shop like the Palmer plant, the "right to work”, without union support, becomes merely the right to starve. While Oscar Palmer journeys to a meeting of the National Manu facturing Association perhaps to learn new means of crucifying la bor the veterans for whom he contracted with the federal gov ernment to give technical training are picketing his place because they not only did not get the training to which they are entitled under the law, but he put them to work doing janitor’s work and re fused to pay them enough wages on which to live. If the Palmer plant had been organized, with a union plant agreement, officials point out, it would have been a simple matter for the unions to step*in and see that the veterans got their just dues. There would have been no dissension, no suspension of busi ness and no picket lines. As it is, the Palmer situation is similar to what would exist if the misnamed "right-to-work” bill were passed. In that event, every employe, like the veterans at Pal mer’s, would be "on his own.” If the veterans at Palmer’s win their fight for their rights, it will be only with the assistance which the labor unions under the circum stances are able to give them thru boycott action. Lacking a closed shop contract, they can have no other hope. STATE COMMITTEE CALLED TO MEET Chairman D. A. Baldwin' has announced that he has called a meeting of state committeemen of the Citizen s’ Committee Against the Right to Starve for next Sunday in Phoenix. While Chairman Baldwin did not so state, it is assumed that an all-out drive against the measure will be made during the coming weeks before the elec tion. AM-VETS HIT "RIGHT" TO WORK AMENDMENT At the last meeting of the AM-Vets the following resolution was adopted unanimously: WHEREAS, all veterans of World War II who expect to make their homes in Arizona are interested in the state's economy, and, WHEREAS, practically all veterans of World War II are either employers or employees, and are therefore vitally interested in Labor- Management relations, and, WHEREAS, the proposed amendment to the Constitution of the State of Arizona which was initiated under the misleading title of “Vet erans’ Right to Work” Amendment was not designated for the benefit of the veterans; now, therefore, be it RESOLVED, that the American Veterans of World War 11, Phoenix Post No. 6 deplores the use of the word “Veteran” in connection with this measure, and be it further RESOLVED, that the American Veterans of World War 11, (Am- Vets), Phoenix Post No. 6 go on record as opposing the adoption of the so-called “Veterans Right-to-Work Bill”, and call upon all veterans to do all in their power to defeat it at the polls on November sth. ARIZON^aUN ...LABOR... and the ...NEGRO... Organized labor has been in the forefront calling for state and federal action to guarantee to Ne groes equal civil rights and pro tection from mob violence. The National Maritime Union added $5,000 to the rewards being offered for arrest and conviction of the lynchers of four Negroes at Monroe, Georgia. In the New England States, first Boston, Massachusetts, and now Providence, Rhode Island, • Negro girls have been hired by the tele phone companies. A shipboard strike of members of the Marine Cooks and Stewards Association protested the discrimi natory firing of a Negro third mate aboard the vessel. Ambrosio L. Roballo, Negro trus tee of Local 848, was a delegate to the International AFL Brother hood Painters’ Conference in San Francisco. The National Urban League has announced increased employment of Negroes by department stores for clerical jobs. Highest gains have been made in New York, New Jersey and Massachusetts. The UAW-CIO is credited with bringing about the employment of Negroes by the South Gate plant of General Motors in California. Both a Negro-owned bank in Washington, D. C., and a Negro owned insurance company in Penn sylvania have signed contracts with CIO white collar workers unions. In labor’s fight for a permanent federal Fair Employment Practic's Commission, the International La dies Garment Workers Union has said it with dollars —25,000 of them to the National Council for a Per manent FEPC. Due to the consistent gains made by the United Transport Service Employees (CIO) Negro Red Caps, once unpaid and unorganized, are now eligible for benefits under the Railroad Retirement Act. Willard Townsend, a Negro, is president of the union. The National Urban League es timates war-time migration of Ne groes as follows: 25,000 to New York, 50,000 to Chicago, 18,000 to Cleveland, 65,000 to Detroit, 100,- 000 to Los Angeles, 14,000 to Port land, 19,000 to San Francisco and 13,000 to Seattle. The American Newspaper Guild has enlisted the aid’ of the CIO Committee to Abolish Discrimina tion in its. fight to open the Con gressional press galleries to Negro newsmen. Reversing previous policy, the AFL stagehands union at its con vention in Chicago voted to accord full membership status and privi leges to Negro members. A new book, “The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters,” gives the history of that organization. A. Phillip Randolph, Negro fighter for full rights for Negroes in the AF L, is president of the Brother hood. “All thinking people must unite in opposition to race discrimina tion and in support of policy de signed to birng all . . . the nejoy ment of rights conferred upon all citizens of the United States.” — A F of L President William Green, in message to NAACP. VOTE 107—NO! GI BIG BROTHERS ENTERTAIN. TEEN-AGERS ■ft § V l NEW BRUNSWICK, N. J.—The Big Brothers Club, composed of service men stationed at Camp Kil mer, entertain the teen-agers of this community every Friday even ing at the Bayard Street USO. Ac cording to Eric B. Chandler; USO club director, the Big Brothers Club, organized more than two years ago, has been a vital influ ence in curtailing juvenile delin quency. The Ministers Alliance, lo cal judges and the daily newspaper, he asserts, have gratefully ac claimed its community value. Above, Big Brother S/Sgt. Percy Toliver, Washington, D.C., enter tains Holland Kelton, 17, Marian Adams, 16, and Kenneth Kelton, 14, with an ever-popular card trick. GLENDALE PEOPLE HEAR LABOR'S PLEA ON LAW TO DESTROY UNIONS Labor’s campaign to defeat the Right-to-Starve amendment was, launched in earnest Satur day" night, September 28, with a rally in the Glendale City Park. This rally marked the beginning of a program to carry to people on the streets in the various towns of Arizona the true story of this vicious attack upon or ganized labor. Tiney Stokes and his orches tra, whose services were pro vided without charge to the Citi zens’ Committee by the Musi cians Local No. 586 furnished a background of musical enter tainment. Arrangements for the entertainment were made by Jimmy Hart of the Musicians Union. Speakers against the Right-to- Starve amendment were D. A. Baldwin and Darrell Parker. A crowd estimated at five hundred listened attentively to the speakers and showed repeat ed apprecidaton for the musical entertainment of Tiny Stokes. The speakers emphasized the fact that should this amendment be adopted in Arizona it would be particularly harmful to small business men such as those of Glendale whose sales depend al most entirely upon working peo ple who are their patrons. “De struction of organized labor with the wrecking of wage standards would immediately be reflected in less business for the small merchant,” Mr. Baldwin stated. The speaker also gave illustra tions of starvation wages paid by establishments where the workers were unorganized and predicted that with the adoption of the misnamed Right-to-Work amendment these conditions would become general. The response of the people of Glendale to last Saturday’s rally was so encouraging that the Committee plans to present a similar rally next Saturday night in Buckeye. MRS, BOETTIGER WILL SPEAK AT LABOR COUNCIL President Ross Goodwin has announced that Mrs. Anna Roosevelt Boettiger, of 'the Ari zona Times, will address the Phoenix Central Labor Council on Tuesday, Oct. 22. Mrs. Boettiger will undoubt edly talk on matters of interest to labor, and will probably dis cuss the so-called “Right” to Work amendment. All dele gates are urged to make ar rangements now in order to be able to attend this meeting. VOTE 107—NO! The youngsters also enjoy playing ping pong while dances are a real treat, especially when the Big Bro thers bring along some of the men from the Camp Kilmer band to provide the music. USO standard equipment is used for these parties so the cost is nil even though many evenings attract as many as 100 youngsters. Frequently, resident alumni Big Brothers join* in the fun. A number of the service men say that they plan to organize teen age parties in their community cen ters when they return home. USO will appeal for $19,000,000 this Fall to maintain its activities for the 1,500,000 American men who will then still be in uniform. Highballs and Beer Price Remain Same Sellers of beer and liquors will not be permiotted to taek a “mark up” or make a profit of the in crease in tax, as approved by the recent session of the Arizona legis lature to help finance the increase in old age pensions, the district Office of Price Administration ruled yesterday. The OPA said it was besieged with inquiries yesterday from re tailers, the majority of whom wanted to add the new tax to their wholesale price and then use their cutsomary mark-up in figuring the price to the consumers. This, OPA ruled is “definitely illegal and the tax must be carried straight across the board.” As one OPA price specialist explained, “the retailer will not be permitted to enjoy a profit on the new tax.” The OPA further indicated that while the increase in tax will amount to 10 cents per quart, eight cents per fifth and five cents for every pint of liquor sold, the small amount of tax involved will not entitle the retailer to raise the price of a 12 ounce bottle of beer. The tax increase for the 12 ounce bottle of beer will be about two tenths of one cent, or not of suffi cient amount to warrant a price increase to the purchaser. For the quart size bottle of beer, OPA in cidated the retailer may hike his price one half cent per quart. OPA is not interested in the prices of wines which are no longer under price control. LUMBER COMPANY ORDERED TO SHOW RECORDS TO OPA An order instructing officials of the Fish Lumber Company of Mesa and Lakeside to make their records available to Office of Price Administration investiga tors was handed down in U. S. district court, Phoenix, this week. The order was the second of its kind issued by the federal court this week. Previously the Southwest Lumber Company, McNary, was ordered by the court to make its records avail able for OPA inspection. sl.ll Seen As Average Hourly Wage In August Washington. (FP)— Prelimi nary estimates for August show that average hourly wages in man ufacturing were sl.ll, or $44.61 a week, the Bureau of Labor Statis tics rported Sept. 25. Comparable July figures were $1.09 hourly and $43.35 a week. Parker Blasts Anti-Labor Proposal; Calls It a Sneak Attack On People of State sen. McFarland INVITES J. A. KRUG FOR CONFERENCE Phoenix. (Special) Confer ences which are expected to mean more to the future irrigation, reclamation and mining develop men of Arizona than any action taken in many years are to be held during October, Senator Ernest W. McFarland disclosed here to day. The meetings will bring to gether Secretary of Interior J. A. Krug and a number of Arizona groups interested in state prob lems. Arrangements for Interior Sec retary Krug’s visit to Arizona were made many weeks ago by Senator McFarland in Washington, who in discussions with the new, ener getic cabinet official had detailed problems of the State and how the Federal Government might aid Ari zona. Secretary Krug will arrive in Boulder City, Nevada on Oc tober 23rd where he will be met by Senator McFarland. The occasion will be the tenth anniversary cele bration at the dam and Senator MbFarland said that irrigation needs of Arizona will be discussed with the Secretary at that time. Irrigation and reclamation prob lems will be pointed out during subsequent days during which the Senator and the cabinet official will inspect Davis Dam and the Colorado River system of dams. A night conference will be held on October 24th at Davis Dam during which Arizona reclamation author ities will attend, Senator McFar land said. Secretary Krug and Senator McFarland will leave Yuma on October 27th, flying across the state to Clifton for an inspection of the Morenci works of the Phelps Dodge Corporation. The following day the Secretary will be back in Phoenix during which a series of Conferences will be held with- groups representing Arizona irrigation, reclamation, grazing and mining interests. All of these activities fall under the aegis of the Interior Department. (5-Year-Old Woman Gives Birth Te 27th Child; Doing Nicely Columbus, 0., Sept. 28. —A 65- year-old Negro woman and the day-old daughter she said was her 27th child were reported "doing very nicely” last night at Univer sity Hospital. Dr. John Holzaepfel, hospital resident physician, reported that the elderly mother, Mrs. Mary Jones, had shown him a family Bible in which her own birth date, 1881, and that of her 27 offspring, including six sets of twins, were listed. Twenty-one, she said, are living. Oldest of the 27 children are 41- year-old twin sons living in the state of Washington, Mrs. Jones told the doctor. They and 12 other children were born to her during her marriage with William Spratt, who, she said, was killed in a mine accident in Virginia in 1913. Os 13 children to her second hus band, William Jones, 60, a crane operator, the last born previous to the newly arrived daughter was a girl in 1942. Dr. Holzaepfel said he was at tempting to locate marriage and birth certificates so the births could be documented for medical annals.” VOTE 107—NO! Jail Pittsburgh Union Leader In Power Strike Pittsburg.—(FP)—A 1-year jail sentence was slapped on a power union leader and nine others faced arrest Sept. 25 unless they called off a utility strike which paralyzed this industrial community. The sentence was imposed on Pres. George L. Mueller of the In dependent Assn, of Duquesne Light Co. Employes (unaffiliated) for contempt of court on grounds that he had called the strike in defi ance of a temporary injunction issued Sept. 9. The other nine men summoned to appear in court are the remaining members of the un ion’s strike committee. When news of Mueller’s convic tion spread to a crowd of 1,000 strikers on the courthouse steps, cries of “Put Lawrence (Mayor David L. Lawrence) in jail” and “Put Crowley in jail” were heard. Non-Political Most Good For The Greatest Number In a talk broadcast over KPHO Thursday night, Darrel Parker, state director of the Citizens’ Com mittee Against the Right to Work Bill, took the gloves off in discus sing this vicious proposed consti tutional amendment, which, thru its misleading claims of being a veterans measure, has disrupted the entire industrial relations of the state, created hatred and ill feeling among the people and caused the economic conditions of all workers to be seriously im paired. Mr. Parker’s address is given in full: Friends: I am here to suggest to you that you should give your most careful consideration to the merits and demerits of this so-called "Right - to - Work Amendment” which will appear upon your bal lot in November as Propositions numbered 106 and 107. As I un derstand the law of Arizona, every initiative measure carries two numbers, and in this particular case those who vote for the amend ment will mark the square oppo site No. 106 and those who are op posed to the amendment will mark the square on the ballot opposite No. 107. As some of you may remember, a Constitutional amendment was proposed two years ago in Califor nia, which was almost identical with the amendment which will be on your ballots in Arizona. The people of California defeated this Right-to-Work Amendment two years ago by a vote of approxi mately two to one. During the campaign in California, the same arguments were put forward by the sponsors of the proposed amendment as are now being pul forward by the sponsors of th« amendment in Arizona. They proclaimed from the house tops that they were friends of labor and that their only purpose in seeking the adoption of this amendment was to enable any worker to get a job or hold that job free of any requirement that he join a labor union or maintain membership in a labor union. The advocates of the amendment in California, just as they are do ing in Arizona, declared that the amendment would not harm labor in any way and that it would have the wholesome effect of curtailing the power of labor leaders, and eliminating certain abuses which they claimed labor to have com mitted from time to time. In California, they did not have the effrontery to call the measure a “Veterans’ Right-to- Work Bill.” This veterans’ cam flage which is being used in Ari ona has not so far as I know been resorted to in any other state where attempts have been made to secure the adoption of such a law. I am not contending that labor unions are in all cases perfect in (Continued on page 3) MAN MUDERED IN LOCAL NIGHT CLUB William L. Balloon, 28, was stabbed to death Sunday in My Place, a buffet, 1233 East Wash ington Street, and Lee Jack Ward, 26, 1139 East Jefferson Street, was arrested as the killer. Ward was quoted by police as saying he has been jealous over Balloon’s attentions to his wife, a waitress in the buffet for the last three months. Ward fled after stabbing Balloon with a pocket knife, but later surrendered to Bud Henderson, sheriffs desk sergeant, who took him to police headquar ters. Ward’s wife told investigators she had known Balloon only cas ually and said she could not under stand what complaint her husband had. Police said Balloon was seat ed with Lola Lee Turner, 26, Ar menda Williams, 24, and Edna Belt, at a table in the buffet when Ward entered and did the stabbing. The angry workers referred to Leo T. Crowley, president of the Stan dard Gas & Electric Co. and the Philadelphia Co., parent bodies of the Duquesne Light Co. In court, where the union lost its request that the temporary in junction be dissolved, Mueller told the three judges that power to call off the strike was vested only in the union’s strike committee. “Do you refuse to call off this strike as far as any authority of yours is concerned?” he was asked. "I do,” Mueller said and he was immediately cited for contempt. The strike reduced streetcar servce to 50% of normal and was expected to make about 80,000 people idle as steel mills, factories, stores and offices closed to con serve power for vital community services.