OCR Interpretation

Arizona sun. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1942-196?, October 11, 1946, Image 1

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84021917/1946-10-11/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Read The
Arizona Sun
The State’s Only
Negrt Newspaper
Vol. s—sc Per Copy
The Phoenix Central Labor
Council at its regular meeting un
animously adopted a resolution to
lend all-out support to enact the
Initiative Gas Tax Measure No.
300 which will appear on the No
vember sth ballot, and to support
the three City of Phoenix Bond
issues for increased water, sewage
and airport facilities.
A condition was added by the
Council that the support would be
given if the construction work in
volved were given to contractors in
the State of Arizona.
The Gas-Tax Initiative Measure
No. 300 to be voted on November
sth will reapportion the gas tax
collections so as to allow the cities
of Arizona to use 10% of the col
lections to help maintain roads and
other improvements within the
city boundaries. At the present
time the gas tax collections are
divided as follows: 70% for the
State, 30% for the Counties; and
nothing for the cities. Under
Proposition No. 300 the following
division would be made: 70% for
the State, 20; for the Counties, and
10% for the Cities. The only
change would be that 10% of the
collections would be taken away
from the Counties and given to the
Cities. There would be no increase
in the gas tax.
The City Improvement Bond
Elections will be held on Novem
ber 19th. Only property owners of
the City of Phoenix will be eligible
to vote at this election. Voters
not properly registered with the
city to vote, should register at the
city hall at once. State registra
tion is not sufficient to qualify at
->the city elections.
*The Phoenix Improvement
Bonds will be used to make the
water supply of the city adequate
to meet the needs of a sharply in
creased population. This is to be
accomplished by constructing fa
cilities to bring added water to the
Phoenix area from the Verde
River. The Sewage Bonds will be
used to repair and construct sew
age facilities in Phoenix in order
to overcome the serious health i
hazards now existent and to in
crease sewage arrangements for
the growing population. The Air
port Bonds will be used to im
prove the Phoenix airport ar
rangements so that larger cargo
and passenger planes may make
Phoenix a regular stopping point.
At the present time these air facili
ties are wholly inadequate.
Percentage of Women
Working Drops In Year
Washington (FTP) The per
centage of women In the civilian
labor force dropped in the year
since V-J day from 36% to 29%,
the Department of Labor women’s
bureau said Sept. 30.
In June, the bureau found the
hiring rate for women was higher
in bo*h the durable and nondur
able goods industries. The layoff
and discharge rate was lower for
women than men in both industrial
groups at that time.
liliportant Labor Issues
sen By Winter Lecturer
At University of Arizona
Tucson, Oct. 9—(Special)—Chas.
IL Woods, retired general solicitor
to r the Santa Fe Railway Com
pany, this winter lecturer in labor
issues of major importance in the
approaching presidential election
campaign. The labor question will
receive particular emphasis especi
ally if Harold Stassen figures in
t;he campaign since, as governor
of Minnesota, he was instrumental
ip. passage of the state’s Labor
Ifeace Act, an act that has proved
fairly successful, he said before
tlhe Pima county bar association.
- The classroom of the college of
law will be no place for propagan
da, no place to be pro- or anti
iabor or pro- or anti-capital, but a
place to state the background of
ltebor questions, set forth the eco
The plea of Irene Moore, of
Phoenix, to escape execution in the
state’s lethal gas chamber for the
murder of her husband, Willie,
was argued Monday before the
Arizona Supreme Court
The third woman to be sentenced
to death in Arizona’s history, Mrs.
Moore has been in the state prison
at Florence since her conviction
by a Maricopa County Superior
Court jury.
She shot and killed her husband
in front of their home, 1615 East
Jefferson Street, on Aug. 24, 1945.
George Locke and Terrance Car
son, Phoenix attorneys, were pre
senting Mrs. Moore’s appeal for
reversal of the death judgment
while Asst. Atty. Gen. John Rood
Co. tty. Ed Beuchamp and Asst.
Co. Atty. Fred Hyder were urging
upon the high tribunal that the
death decree be upheld.
The high court consented to re
view the case, verdict is pnding.
Chicago—(FP)—More than 45
million pounds of meat are being
hoarded in Chicago cold storage
plants, including those of the Big
Four packers.
The charges were leveled here
Oct. 4 by the Chicago Sun on the
basis of its own survey of storage
plants. The figure was a sharp
boost over its own previous esti
mate of 18 million pounds and the
paper declared it was "highly prob
able’’ that the hoarded reserves
might be even greater than the
new estimate.
Packers tried to explain away
the hoards with assertions that
much of it was held for the army.
But the Sun declared it had pre
viously established that no meat
stored in Chicago belonged to army
or other armed forces, nor to
UNRRA, Federal Commodity Cred
it Corp., or the Dept, of Agricul
Detroit AFL Indorses
Mainly Democrats
Detroit —(FP) —Except for eight
legislative candidates and the Re
publican for coroner, the Detroit
and Wayne County Federation of
Labor (AFL) has indorsed Demo
crats only for office on the party
ballots. In the main they are can
didates also indorsed by the CIO
political action committees for
county, state and congressional
The list is headed by Murray D.
Van Wagoner for governor and
James H. Lee for U. S. senator,
both Democrats and both already
blessed by the CIO.
VOTE 107—NO!
nomic facts and point out the law
and review the two sides of every
problem, he said.
Woods outlined the university
law course in labor relations to in
clude early history of the English
labor law from the middle of the
fourteenth century to 1890 and
early American labor law to
same date, the year in which tae
federal Sherman Aca was passed.
The course also will entail a dis
cussion of the House of Lords T:*i
ology in England, development of
common law in the United Stales
a survey of important state and
federal statutes affecting latxlr,
picketing, free speech, anti-tnjst
acts, modern labor legislation, me
National Labor Relations
trends in labor he said. Jm.
Published in the Interest of the Social, Political and Eco. Welfare of 40,000 Negroes of Arizona.
Mrs. Johnetta Reid, Washington, D. C. and her son, Nickie, find ways
of making a pleasant life for themselves on the far off island of
Oahu, Hawaii. Arts and crafts programs at the USO club provide
an interest for Mrs. Reid and help to keep junior busy while daddy
is on service duty at nearby Schofield Barracks. Bligh Des Brisay,
USO worker, supervises. USO is appealing this Fall for funds to
maintain a “home away frc;n home” during the coming year for ever
seas service families like the Raids.
ii Truman Backs AFL Federal Workers
r I
Jln Opposing Indiscriminate Firing
> j St. Paul, Minn., Oct. 7. In
>! creased pay for employes of the
. Federal Government is one of the
i major goals of the legislative pro
. gram drafted for the next Con
s gress, James B. Burns, president of
» the American Federation of Gov
ernment Employes (AFL), told the
r opening session of that organiza
t tion’s annual convention here.
At the same time the delegates
* were cheered by a message from
t; President Truman expressing firm
r opposition to indiscriminate dis
> missals of Federal workers in the
■ | current program to slash the pay
■ roll.
Conceding that reductions in
Federal personnel "are an abso
, lute necessity,’ Mr. Truman
* declared, “yet, at the same time
we must make sure that we dis
tribute those reductions in such
away that none of the essential
t services are crippled.”
" | Though he made no specific men
t tion of the Federal Pay Act of 1946,
f i which requires Federal employ
*' ment be reduced to 1,600,000, the
f President added that “we must see
■ to it that we do not have any sur
> plus personnel.” In conclusion, his
i* message said:
* "Your convention is being held
at a very important time. Never
. before in the peacetime history of
1 this Nation have Government em
, ployes been called on to discharge
1 as difficult and complex duties and
responsibilities. Failure to dis
charge them effectively would ser
iously undermine public confidence
in our form of government. We
. must therefore work together to
strengthen our career of public
Expressing gratification of the
President’s message, Mr. Burns told
the convention:
“That’s exactly the same position
we have taken for months. We
know that sharp personnel cuts
must be made and we don’t want
7 excess baggage on the Federal pay
-7 roll. B t that the ar
bi -i-gersonnbl ceiling system
7 worho hardships on many agencies
' that can’t operate efficiently with
* less personnel. If we are to have
: efficient government, we can’t
*/'.ash our payrolls indiscriminate!v.’>
The legislative program carried
i before the delegates by Mr. Bums
* is aimed at the following objec
■ .fives:
1. An increase of pay commen
f [ surate with the real cost of living
s rise since 1941, including a boost
1 for those now retired.
, 2. Extension of the Classifica
t tion Act’s benefits to all white
; collar clerical workers including
I those in the field service.
3. Prevention of so-called
“down-grading” in order to cut sal- j
4. Establishment of seniority asj
a stronger factor in determining j
who shall be separated from the i
service and in determining promo-j
5. Protection of the retirement
system, with optional retirement j
at full annuity after 30 years' ser
6. Six months’ half-pay for those;
dismissed from the service withj
five or more year’s service, and!
commensurate compensation for
those with less tenure.
Bums did not set a figure for:
the payraise to be sought before
Congress this winter, but pointed
out living costs from 1941 through
las month had risen 45 percent.
“All this means but one thing,”
he said, “that Government em
ployes are again piling up an ac
cumulated deficit which is repre
sented by the gap between the pur
chasing value of their salaries and,
the nominal values of the dollars
they receive. Your national office
j will again be ready to wage an-!
other unrelenting campaign for,
! salary legislation when Congress
USO national headquarters has
just released a statement from
champion Joe Louis in which he
gives his support to the current
$19,000,000 appeal. The statement
“I’ve had many big fights in the
ring and I’ve won. But there is a
fight that cannot be won alone.
That’s the fight that every Ameri
can must make to preserve the
peace and to build a better world.
We must all get in the fight to
gether to keep the USO going for
our boys still in service. We must
all fight to keep our Community j
Chests filled, so that, our boys and
girls and their families will have a |
better way of life. Let’s keep slug
ging to get the USO its money and
to fill the Community Chests.”
In most cities, Community Chests
are including USO in their appeal
for local health and welfare agen
cies. In cities where USO is not
included in the Chests, and thru
out rural sections of the country,
USO is conducting its own fund
raising campaigns.

VOTE 107—NO!
He Links Attacks On Negroes To Those
Against Soviet Union
SAN FRANCISCO.—“A year ago, I heard high Amer
ican military leaders talking about dropping the atom
bomb on the Soviet Union. That was in Bavaria. Then
they whispered it. Now it is spread in the headlines from
coast to coast. So far have they gone in one year. Where
will they be next month?”
This grim warning came from Paul Robeson, the great
On account of the shortage of
newsprint we are forced to re
duce the size of our paper tem
porarily, hoping our next issue
will be back to its regular size.
McFarland Reviews
Accomplishments of
Democratic Parly
Florence, Oct. 10. — (Special)
Reviewing his own accomplish
ments and the program of the
Democratic party nationally, Unit
ed States Senator Ernest W. Mc-
Farland here today fired the open
ing gun in his reelection on Nov.
|5. The Senator leaves here today
| accompanied by a group of Demo
| cratit no.r. nees for a two weeks
| tour of the state during which he
| will visit 24 Arizona cities and
■ towns for addresses and confer
: ences with the people of those
| communities. This is the latest
j of numerous visits to every part
I of the state made by the Senator
; during the last six years in ful
j fillment of his pledge when first '
| elected that he would constantly
\ keep in touch with the problems !
; of Arizona.
In his home town, where he has
i been successively a practicing at
j torney, county prosecutor, judge 1
I and where he owns a successful
farm, the Arizona senator de- j
dared that nothing is so impor
tant for the American people as an 1
era of peace in the world. As an
early advocate of international
cooperatijn among the nations of
the world, Senator McFarland has
fought for the United Nations con
cept as the best guarantee of world
;j “The democratic party under
Franklin Roosevelt and Harry!
j Truman has followed a policy of j
,! planning for peace”, McFarland
,! said. “But we never have and do
not now believe that this country
or any country must knuckle down
to any great power. We know now
that the world cannot exist half
i slave and half free. For that rea
son I always have advocated a pol
icy of strong national defense. I
do not want our people ever again
to be caught unprepared. And if
we are strong and well prepared,
we are far less likely to be at
Farmers Urge Farm-
Labor Unity To Combat
Monopoly Forces
Des Moines, la. —(FP) —Point-
ing out that the same monopoly
forces an) at work to wreck the
peace anti to drive small farmers
to ruin, the 30th convention of the
lowa Farmers Union here urged
j the promotion of farmer-labor
unity and cooperation against the !
i common enemy.
Army Mores In For Big
Cut Os Nation's Meat
Washington. (FP) Unless!
meat loose with
some army meat I
demands to put a big,
dent in the national supply, it was
learned here Sept. 25.
Army spokesmen said they Want
ed 15 million pounds of meat
weekly to feed the troops, and;
they intended to use the full au-;
Negro artist and progressive lead
er, currently in San Francisco to
speak for the National Committee
to Win the Peace as well as or
ganizations specially aimed at halt
ing the rising tide of lynchings and
oppression in the South.
“It’s really all of a piece,” he
said. “Attempts to break the Sov
iet Union and attempts to break
the Negroes and the progressive
movement in America are all part
of the same pattern. And that
pattern is fascism.
“An organized minority here in
the United States, using the screen
of the threat of war against the
Soviet Union, are cracking down
on democracy everywhere. They
did it in Greece, they are prepar
ing to do it in Yugoslavia, and
China and here at home.
“That’s why the rise of lynch
ings and terror in the South is
more than a localized tragedy. It
is a warning and a threat to the
entire nation. Today they kill Ne
groes. Tomorrow they’ll be killing
CIO organizers. . . . This is a na
tional emergency!”
Part of Robeson’s trip is con
cerned with work of the Emer
gency Committee Against Lyucn
ing, which recently met with
President Truman to urge him to
make a formal open statement
against lynching.
“So Far,” said Robeson, “Tru
man has not made the statement.”
Robeson strongly hinted that
continued terror in the South
would lead to an explosion of re
sistance on the part of the Negro
people. “The veterans and the
new young Negroes are not going
to take this sort of thing lying
down,” he said.
He labelled the program of U.
S. Fascists as a sign of despera
tion and weakness rather than
“They’re terrified themselves,”
he said, “A little strength on the
part of progressives can stop
"Their program is a program of
reaction. It is against the tide in
the world. And they know it. This
talk of halting Communism as if it
were an evil thing and as if it were
isolated in the Soviet Union is non
“The whole direction of the
world is toward Socialism. In Eng
land and France, Norway and Fin
land, Poland, Czechoslovakia,
China and in hundreds of other
countries all over the world, the
peopel are turning toward social
“Russia doesn’t have to expand.
She attracts, just as America did
in the 16th century, with her then
new democracy.
“How can we hope to live in a
world without getting along with
Communists? We aren’t that
strong. Even with the atom bomb.
Sales of Toys This Year
May Reach $250,000,000
New York, N. Y. Despite ma
terial shortages, toy production for
1946 will reach $250,000,000 in re
tail sales, a 35 percent increase
over last year, according to a fore
cast by L. M. MacDonald, president
of the Toy Manufacturers of the
U. S. A.
j thority of the Department of Ag
riculture to get it. Total meat
I production for the country was
j only 60 million pounds the week
ending Sept. 21, they said.
Next move, they indicated, was
up to the packers, because the
army does not intend to continue
{its present shipment of seafood to
; posts because of the high cost
Most Good For
The Greatest
No. 19

xml | txt