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Arizona sun. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1942-196?, November 08, 1946, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84021917/1946-11-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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K«ul The
Arizona Sun
TIM State’s Only
Negro Newspaper
Vol. 5—5 c Per Copy
Union Labor In Arizona
Will Support Community
Chest Drive; Opens Today
The 1947 Community Chest cam-1
paign kicks off Thursday night j
aiming at a goal of $302,400 and
assured of the firm and generous
support of the American Federa
tion of Labor in Phoenix, accord
ing to Ross Goodwin, president of
the Phoenix Central Labor Coun
Roe Bartle, famed orator and
lawyer from Kansas City, Mo., will
be the featured speaker at the
Chest banquet, which will be held
for campaign workers in the
Shrine Auditorium at 6:30 p. m.
Bartle is National Director of
American War Dads and served as
Rotary International convention
speaker in France in 1937. Mas
ter of Ceremonies at the affair, at
which 1,000 are expected to attend,
will be Bob Bale, known to Phoe
nicians as Lieutenant Bale of WAC
Recruiting during the war.
“Members of organized labor
an enviable record of willing
and generous giving to Community
Chest appeals,” Goodwin stated in
a letter to Edgar H. Meyer, chair
man of this year’s drive. Noting
that every worker is urged to give
at least 8 hours’ pay to support
the 18 local agencies served by the
chest, Goodwin observed, “This do
nation is an investment in the kind
of future for which the war was
fought. Give not less than one day’s
pay; more if you can.”
Referring to the many welfare
services supported by local Com
munity Chests, President William
Green of the A. F. of L. in accept
ing membership on the National
Citizens Committee of the Com
munity Chests of America, said, “I
fully approve the Community
Chests of America in seeking bet
ter hospitals, day nurseries, clinics,
settlement houses, havens for the
aged, and similar institutions. I
call upon A. F. of L. members in
every locality to gave local Com
munity Chests support in their
fund raising campaign.”
This year’s drive for funds to
support 18 vitally needed welfare
agencies will have as its slogan,
“Phoenix rises to care for its own.”
The drive will be led by Meyer
and James Murphy, with Jack
Bijahm, chairman of the Executive
Committee of the Community Chest I
assisting. Division chairmen and I
the divisions they will lead are asj
follows: Government, A1 Rosenberg!
and Dick Walsh; Central, Milt I
Smith and A1 Norell; Women’s, j
Mrs. John McCall and Mrs. Leslie!
Kober; Commerce and Industry, I
Joe Love and J. Otis Sullivan; Ad
vance Gifts, Hal Payne and Henry
Acting as vice-chairmen of the
campaign will be Mrs. John Boeti
ger, R. C. Simis and Edwin L.
Grose. The publicity will be direct
ed by Williams and the Speak
ers’ Bureau, which will give talks
before clubs and organizations of
Phoenix during the campaign, by
Cavett Robert who will be assisted
by Howard Pyle and Mrs. Eliza
beth Haas.
Urging that givers remember that
they are approached only once a
year for 18 agencies, Meyer em
phasized that the goal is actually i
12 per cent less than the agencies
requested for minimum neds. This
is significant in view of the fact
that the population of Phoenix has
increased more than 10 per cent
during the past year, and that the
number of Phoenix' youth served
by chest-supported agencies in the
past year has increased by 240 per
Funds raised by the drive are not
for purposes of charity and relief.
They are spent for work with
Phoenix youth in such character
building agencies as the Boy Scouts
of America, Camp Fire Girls, Girl
Scouts of America, Young Men’s
Christian Association, and Young
Women’s Christian Association;
they go for family and child wel
fare and care of the underprivi
leged through such channels as
(Continued on page 8)
ENID, Okla. Flight Officer ;«
Carl Johnson, Jr., son of Mr. and
Mrs. Carl Johnson, Sr., of Bellaire,
Ohio, received his silver wings and
became a rated pilot at a recent
graduation, ceremony held here at
the Enid Army Air Field.
Flight Officer Johnson arrived
at the filed on May Bth of this year
and after completing the pre
scribed course in advanced twin
engine pilot training was com
missioned as flight officer, and as
signed to active duty here.
Prior to Filght Officer Johnson’s
assignment to this field he served
at Camp Atterbury, Indiana and
Shepard Field, Texas.
Before entering the services he
attended the Ohio State University
at Columbus, Ohio, following his
graduation from the Bellaire High
Osborn Is
Sidney P. 09born was elected
governor of Arizona in Tuesday’s
election for his fourth straight
term. Organized labor sincerely
congratulates the governor, and
wishes for him another success
ful administration.
His famous saying that “When
I am in the house of labor I am
in the house of friends,” is echo
ed by us, “When he is in the
house of labor, labor has a
Apprentice wage rages in the
building trades are higher today
than they were before the war.
This is the assertion of William F.
Patterson, Director of the Appren
tice-Training Service, U. S. De
partment of Labor, who told the
annual meeting of the Structural
Clay Products Institute in New Or
leans recently that the amount of
money paid aprpentices has in
creased even more because of the
rise in the journeyman rate.
“This increase in the percent
age of journeymen’s rates paid
to apprentices has special signi
ficance,” Mr. Patterson pointed
out, “because of the fear that the
government subsistence allow
ance payable to veteran appren
tices would tend to lower wage
rates.” More than 85 percent of
apprentices in the construe itoi*
trades are veterans.
The facts on the increase in ap
prentice-wage rates were disclosed
jby a study made by ATS on 60
! aprenticeship programs in all of
j the major building trades selected
;at random and covering almost
i 2,000 employees. It was found that
J the average apprentice rate for
1945-1946 represented 5 percent
! more of the journeyman rate than
in 1939-42.
“In all but 10 of the 60 buildings
trades programs,” Mr. Patterson
declared, “the higher wages paid
in 1945-46 were due to raising the
average apprentice rate as a per
centage of the journeyman’s rate.”
Warning that inustry, veterans
and the country will suffer if the
present high standards of the
i skilled trades are not maintained,
William F. Patterson, Director of
the Apprentice-Training Service,
U. S. Department of Labor declared
that the number of establishments
with registered apprenticeship
programs in the skilled trades in
the United States had increased by
more than 164 percent in the year
ending with September of this
Addressing the conference of the
American Society of Training Di
rectors in Pennsylvania, Mr. Pat
terson reported that the number
of establishments with such pro
grams increased from 25,800 at the
end of September 1945 to 68,200 at
the end of September, 1946.
The Palmer Manufacturing Cor
poration of Phoenix is now being
picketed by veteran trainees, who
were unable to survive on wages
paid at that plant.
Sugar Stamps Good
Another Thirty Days
Spare Stamps 9 and 10, good
for five pounds each of home
canning sugar, will continue to
be valid through November 80,
1946, the district Office of Price
Administration has announced.
Both stamns were to expire Oc
tober 31, 1946.
Following the recently an
nounced decision on a joint
United States Department of Ag
riculture OPA program to move
western beet sugar into eastern
deficit areas, this action is the
second 80-day extension granted
by OPA to permit housewives to
receive theLr fair share of sugar.
Published in the Interest of the Social, Political and Economic Welfare of 40,000 Negroes of Arizona.
I yH Jpv
One of the IBV2 by 26 inch color posters issued and distributed
by Apprentice-Training Service, U. S. Department of Labor, in
behalf of American industry, State apprenticeship agencies, joint
apprenticeship committees, and other organizations in furthering
the National Apprenticeship Program.
The Columbia Riot Trial
(As The Christian Advocate See It)
The acauital of 23 of the 25 Ne
groe defendants in the Columbia
(Tenn.) riot trial at Lawrenceburg
is a rather striking circumstance.
Memory is a treacherous thing, but
we do not recall any similar mass
trials for race riots in previous
years. Likewise we do not recall
any group of Negroes tried in the
South for any offense in which
such a proportion were acquitted.
This has occurred in individual
cases, but not before in group
It must be admitted frankly that
most of our people had become
pessimistic about the trials, expect
ing them to come out in the same
way as most trials of Negroes ac
cused of crimes against white peo
ple, so much os that many had
ceased to follow the accounts in
the newspapers, merely wanting to
know the final verdict. They
Accepts New Post
jeeV. M.Bufi&zSS
New York. —The Rev. John M.
Burgess, for eight years recor of
the Episcopal Church of St. Simon
of Cyrene, Woodlawn, Cincinnati,
Ohio, has taken up his new post of
Chaplain of Howard University, ac
cording to an announcement by
Episcopal Church National head
quarters here today.
Mr. Burgess is a member of the
Episcopal Church’s biracial com
mittee which serves in a consulta
tive capacity to the National Coun
cil’s Secretary for Negro Work,
the Rev. Tollie L. Caution. Deeply
interested, and with wide experi
ence in, practical social work, Mr.
Burgess was for the past five years
head of the Department of Chris
tian Social Relations of the diocese
of Southern Ohio.
He was born in Grand Rapids,
Michigan, in 1909, and attended
school there. He graduated from
the University of Michigan, and
from the Episcopal Theological
School, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
He was ordained in 1934, and be
came priest in charge of St. Philip’s
Church, Grand Rapids, remaining
there from 1934 to 1938 when he
went to the Cincinnati parish.
Mr. Burgess is widely known as
an outstanding leader of his race,
and is consulted frequently by va
rious officials on racial problems.
should now revive their hopes for
better things as they view the ver
dict, for it is clear that the mem
bers of the jury displayed a will
to be just in making their deci
There has been a steadily grow
ing disposition of southern courts
in recent years to improve in jus
tice toward Negroes. Not yet is
it universal, but examples of a new
sense of justice can be cited from
cases all over the South. The
dramatic case at Lawrenceburg,
Tenn., ought to aid greatly in this
movement, inspiring other courts
to do likewise.
The case is not entirely closed.
Two of the defendants drew sen
tences and a few of those acquit
ted are yet to be tried on other
counts. There are many compli
cations still to be worked out.
However, one big double ques
tion remains unanswered, namely,
Who is responsible for the riot and
can the state of Tennessee do any
thing about it? All the wh|te men
involved were released by the fed
eral grand jury and the state has
no charges against any of them.
Twenty-three Negroes were ac
quitted after trial. Two Negroes
drew sentences. Were these two
Ngroes responsibl for the race riot
or was the riot something for
which nobody can be held legally
responsible ? This is the tragic i
problem in all race troubles. The,
few sentences meted out are near- |
ly always drawn by members of
the victim group. The others are
never handled. It is this immunity
from the legal responsibility for
rioting and lynchings that keeps
the practice alive. All law en
forcement officers know clearly
the tactics for breaking up a mob
and preventing a riot. But until
they are willing to use the tactics
they know and have enough sup
port from local sentiment to mea
sure out the law to the ring-lead- j
ers, there will be little hope of l
preventing riots and mobs by the;
local authorities.
Negro Attorney On
Crimes Commission
MANILA, Philippines Islands.
Joseph L. McLemore of St. Louis,
Missouri, former OPA attorney,
has been serving with the War
Crimes Commission as counsel
since September of this year when
he arrived here from the United
States. \
A graduate of the New York
University School of Law, Mr. Mc-
Lemore engaged in private prac
tice in St. Louis for over ten years.
In 1945 he was given the position
with OPA which he subsequently
left to accept the overseas assign
ment with the War Crimes Com
AFL Blames CIO For
Rising Living Costs
Chicago—(FP)—Blame for rising
living costs was placed on unions
which followed a “shortsighted'
policy” of breaking price ceilings
to get 18ic hourly wage increases
in the executive council report
to the 65th AFL convention here.
Big Employers Succeed In
First Attempt To Starve
The Workers of Arizona
Woman Exonerated
For Killing Husband
Maggie Scott, 42, 1314 East
Adams Street, killed her husband,
George Scott, 54, while acting in
self defense, a coroner’s jury had
decided Thursday.
The jury, called by Justice Harry
E. Westfall, ex-officio coroner, was
told by Mrs. Scott that she fired
bullets into her husband’s chest
early Monday after he knocked her
down twice and while he was
reaching for a pistol. Police said
they found a gun in his pocket.
Mrs. Scott said her husband
came home drunk about midnight
Sunday and began to beat her. As
she fell back against a dresser in
tehir bedroom, she stated, she saw
him reaching into his pocket.
Knowing that he always carried
a gun, she said, she believed he
was going to shoot her. She then
got a .38 caliber revolver out of
the dresser and soht him once in
the abdomen.
Then, she told police, as he tried
again to get into his pocket, she
shot him a second time in the
When police arrived, Scott lay
dead on the floor of the bedroom.
A search of his person revealed
that he had a small caliber auto
matic pistol in his pants pocket,
officers stated.
Mrs. Scott’s daughter, Dorris
Moore, who said she tred to separ
ate her mother and Scott as they
fought, suffered bruises and cuts.
Strongly urging extension of the
child-labor provisions of the Fed
eral Wage and Hour Law to types
of interstate business not now cov
ered, Beatrice McConnell declared
recently on the eighth anniversary
of that law that its enforcement
has provided convincing proof that
not only young workers but work
ers of all ages, and employers as
well, benefit from the elimination
of oppressive child labor.
Miss McConnell, who directed
the Industrial Division of the Chil
dren’s Bureau from 1935 until that
Bureau’s reorganization in July,
and who is now with the Depart
ment of Labor’s Division of Labor
Standards as Assistant Director in
charge of the Child Labor and
Youth Employment Branch, de
clared that although youth em
ployment has decreased somewhat
since the pressure of war produc
tion has ended, it is still high. Ac
cording to latest estimates, about
40 percent of civilian youth 14
through 17 years of age were at
work in the summer of 1946.
Federal regulation of child la
bor in industries producing goods
for shipment in interstate com
merce, Miss McConnell said, has
been reflected in improved stand
ards of State legislations and en
“The protection of the law
stood children in good stead dur
ing the war,” she asserted, "and it
is especially important now to
guard against any letdown. The
record of most employers is good
in regard to compliance with the
Child labor provisions of the Act.
Nevertheless, there is still a fringe
of employers who will ‘take a
chance’ on employing children il
legally, just as they will on violat
ing the wage and hour provisions
of the Federal law.”
Fairground Racing
Starts On Friday
The Governor’s Handicap will
inaugurate the 10 day meet at
the Phoenix Fairgrounds Friday.
This will be a 51 furlong event
with the best sprinters at the
track competing for honors.
There are six hundred horses
from California, Oklahoma, Ari
zona, New Mexico and Texas,
all primed to go.
John Morrissey and Associates
are the track operators with
Harvey Foster as Racing Secre
tary. Associates include G. E.
(Blondy) Hall, owner of the
DoubleO ranch in Northern
Arizona, Ralph Lowe, oil opera
tor of Midland, Texas, and John
Casselman, case and grocery
business man also of Midland.
Afoot Good For
The Chreateot
From the votes that have been
counted in Tuesday’s state-wide
election, it is apparent that the so
called “right-to-work” starvation
wage bill has been adopted by the
people, many of whom voted under
misapprehension, many because
they were unemployed, and many
because they were simply “mad”
at some union or union leader.
The Labor Journal has contend
ed all along that this vicious law
would do exactly opposite from
what its sponsors claimed it would
do. We are still of that opinion.
Time—and not too much time—
will prove that to be true. But
many workers will suffer before
the law can be changed or elimi
Labor has not ceased to fight,
nor will it ever cease to fight for
the right to protect ALL workers,
whether or not they think vt'hey
need protection. Self-protection is
the first law of nature, and we
cannot be sacrificed by our big
money-mad bosses, with the mis
guided assistance of some of the
workers. Undoubtedly some of
those who voted for the bill are
members of organized labor, but
there have been scabs in the unions
as well as out. Selfish, conceited
workers, who care only for them
selves. The only satisfaction we
can find in them is that they, too,
will suffer along with the real
union men and women, who bitter
ly fought this corporation-spon
sored law.
Many business men who through
fear or otherwise, supported the
law, will go down with the work
ers—and most of them will stay
down! They have played squarely
into the hands of their masters,
who will sacrifice them one by one.
Manila USO Club Sets
Example For World
MANILA, Philippine Islands.
The Intramuros USO, the first and
the largest USO club in Manila,
provides a variety of recreation
facilities for all American Gls sta
tioned here.
From the very opening of the
club, there has been integration of
white, Negro and Filipine service
men in every activity except swim
ming and dancing. But even in
those activities integration was
eventually achieved.
On his tour of Pacific bases
General of the Army Dwight D.
Eisenhower, Chief of Staff, U. S.
Army, was pleased to see these
servicemen in the same pool to
To Mr. J. G. Alviar, Filipino pro
fessional USO worker, who has
served 33 years as a YMCA secre
tary, and to Mr. William “Bill”
Child?, Chicago, 111., Negro staff
member and assistant director of
the club, the credit for much
of the fellowship now exhibited in
the swimming pool and in the
other forms of recreation spon
sored by the club.
Centrally located in an area ac
cesible to all troops, the club is
equipped with swimming pool,
gymnasium, pool and billiard
rooms, bowling alleys, barber
shops, snack bar, PX store, writing
room library, information desk,
ping-pong tables, small table games
and dark room for those interested
in photography.
Washington, D. C. (AFL)
Most former Gl’s are not receiving
incomes sufficient “to properly
care for their families,” it was in
dicated by a poll conducted by the
American Veterans of World War
COLUMBUS, Ohio.—As part of
the War Department economy
move, orders to separate 196 of the
presently assigned 357 officers
from active duty with the Air
Forces were received last week
at Lockbourne Army Air Field by
Colonel Benjamin O. Davis, Jr.,
commanding officer.
Approximately 121 percent of
the number to be separated will
be relieved from duty and assigned
to Squadron “X” for separation
from the service soon. The re
mainder will be released upon or
ders from higher headquarters.
Officers being separated will be
tndered the opportunity to accept
commissions in the Air Reserve,
equal to the grade which they held
at the time of separation. Officers
who were originally commissioned
in other branches of the service
also will be given the opportunity
to take commissions in the Air Re
No. 23

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