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~^£AD^ SUN THE VOICE OF 60.000 NEGROES IN ARIZONA
Remember: You’re judged a e e o rding to your D a i 1 y Con duct and the Company You Keep. Vol. XVII —No. 6 BATTLE TO ENFORCE ICC RULING LOOMS IN DIXIE i A iWi #Ei \ ■ v... ; • » §,p>. V §: 41r m kw § & « w XT te' %Jk I K ■hUI w2rSL 1^^,..... ”*** ■*• Hi WHAT GOES ON here? Deer poachers? No, just one of the latest rescue techniques in converting students in the Maine civil defense rescue school materials at hand, such as ladders, into stretch at Augusta, Me., “rescuing” a doe from her wood- ers for moving casualties out of natural disaster land wandering. The students are demonstrating or bomb-blasted areas. (Maine Civil Defense Photo) Joe Bate's Funeral Held Wednesday The funeral services of Joe Bates Sr., who died last Sunday in his home, 1230 East Adams Street were conducted Wednesday at the Ragsdale Chapel in the Valley. El der Otis McAlester officiated. In terment was in Glendale Memorial Park. Bates, 73, came to Phoenix 15 years ago from Tulsa, Oklahoma where he served as a deputy sher iff. At the time of his death, he was house man at the Savoy Ballroom. He was a World War I veteran and a member of the Tildon White Post No. 40, of the American Legion. He is survived by his son Joe Jr., of Phoenix. Services For Infant Held Gregory D. Goodwyn, the infant son of Mrs. Dorothy Goodwyn, 1530 West Tonto passed away in a local hospital, last Friday. Funeral serv ices were held the following Mon day afternoon at the Chapel of Webber’s Eastlake Mortuary with Elder J. Lagway officiating. Burial was in Greenwood Memorial Park. The infant was the grandson of Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Lee of Phoenix. IMPORTANT NOTICE Christmas Greetings will have to be ordered by Wednesday at 5 p.m. to be in time for the Xmas issue. Priced from $2.50 up. Jaycee Os The Week Jlli Lincoln Ragsdale One of Phoenix’ leading Negro businessmen, Lincoln Ragsdale was congratulated by his Phoenix Junior Chamber of Com merce, for an outstanding job done as chairman of the Annual Voice of Democracy Contest. Mr. Ragsdale is a comparatively new member in the organization and is to be congratulated for his leadership. The following are comments about Mr. Ragsdale printed in the Round-Up, the official organ of the Jaycees: “The most successful Voice of (Continued on Page 8) PHOENIX, ARIZONA, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1955 Riles Held Thursday For Sam Leslie Funeral rites for Sam Leslie, 71, 1101 W. Watkins Rd., who died last Friday, in a local hospital were held Wednesday morninf at the Ragsdale Chapel in the Valley. Je hovah Witnesses were in charge of the services. Burial was in Green wood Memorial Park. Mr. Leslie, born in Birmingham, Alabama, came to Phoenix in 1935. He was a member of Local 383, American Federation of Labor. He retired from active work in 1948. Survivors included a daughter, Mrs. Mary Hutchinson, Phoenix; two sons, Carl, Los Angeles, and Willie of Bakersfield, California; four daughters, Mrs. Elrage Price | and Mrs. Sammy Hemphill, both of j San Diego, and Mrs. May Snell and Mrs. Lassie Page, both of Bakers field. | MAKE EVERY DAY S-P PAY “Let's give it an overhaul we want it in tiptop shape for S-D Day!" Segregation Loses Battle to Jim Crow Trains, Buses Waiting Rooms By John Thayer The fight against Jim Crow in transportation regis* tered an important legaj victory on Nov. 25 when the Interstate Commerce Commission ruled against segrega tion in trains, buses and waiting rooms. The ruling followed the pat tern of the Supreme Court deci sions on segregated schools and iparks. The ICC, however, ordered the railroads and bus companies to cease their Jim Crow practices by Jan. 10, 1956. The response of the Southern white-supremacist politicians was immediate defiance. They announ ced that Jim Crow would go on as before. Their statements indicated a number of the devices they will i use to cheat the Negro people of the fruits of their legal victory. South Carolina’s Attorney Gen eral, T. C. Calison, said the ICC ruling “really means nothing” without the backing of the courts. This means the delaying tactic of fighting the ruling through the federal courts. It is expeeted that the Supreme Court will uphold the ; ruling since it is based on its own school segregation decision. How ever, there is always the possibility | the high court may add the “no ; time limit” gimmick that has emas- j culated the school decision. The ICC ruling applies only to j train and bus travel between states i and waiting rooms for interstate j travelers. Thirteen Southern states have segregation laws for travel facilities. Constitutionally such laws apply only to travel within the state. In practice the same bus and railroad waiting rooms are used both by interstate and intra state travelers. It will be an easy matter for Southern officials to declare exist ing waiting rooms only for the use of intrastate travelers. These can be legally segregated. Then mixed facilities would be evaded by simp ly not providing waiting rooms for interstate travelers. Thus those waiting for an interstate train or bus would have to use the old seg regation facilities or hang around outside oft the street. A Greyhound bus official in Jack son, Miss., hinted at “voluntary” segregation. He said the driver could ask a Negro passenger to sit in the rear but legally would have no power to make him do so if he refused. The pattern of events in Mississ ippi shows that “unofficial” per suasion might accomplish what the driver “legally” will no longer be able to do. In such a case the Negro traveler might well be killed or in jured by “persons unknown.” The cases before the ICC were brought by the NAACP against the railroads and by Miss Sar ah Keys against the bus com pany three years. Miss Keys, in Women’s Army Corps uniform, was traveling home on furlough. She refused to give up her seat and move to the rear of a bus. She was 10 CENTS PER COPY arrested, manhandled and fined for “disorderly conduct” in Roanoke Rapids, N. C. The NAACP case also included Jim Crow restaurants run by the Union News Co., in railroad termi nals. The ICC refused to include them in its ban. Heads Elks s $$ /& «\s v /••• -✓ > «• JnHm ffik mmmxmk mmmm # * awWßWßpgMfox ' w *ciiii I ~ ~ rWTPr° i3Q<^^i % J. D. HOLMES Tl\e man to direct the destiny of William H. Patterson Lodge of Elks for the ensuing year is J. D. Holmes, who was elected by a small margin over his only opponent, the encumbent, Rossie Turman, who is completing his second year in the chair as exalted ruler. The exalted ruler, elect, is a na tive of Michigan, has been a resi dent of the city for 15 years. He was the first Negro city bus driver, a position which he has held for 12 years with credit. Mr. Holmes is a member of the First Institutional Baptist Church and serves as presi dent of Brotherhood and Laymen’s Union of the Paradise State Con vention of Arizona; and a member of the Masonic Lodge. The new exalted ruler said he intends during his administration to stress the importance of the Elks’ program, dealing with education, health and civil liberties. Former Phoenician Dies In Las Vegas Word was received here this week of the passing of Mrs. Pam mie Lee McCutcheon in Las Vegas, Nevada. She was one of the earlier residents here but moved to Ne vada several years ago. While here Mrs. McCutcheon was very active in church and fraternal circles. She was a member of First Baptist (Institutional) Church and Order of Eastern Stars. WARNING: Let’s wat c b our language, boys and girls, on the streets and in public places and on the buses.