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ARIZONA SUN Published Every Thursday by the ARIZONA SUN PUBLISHING COMPANY 1149 East Jefferson Street, Phoenix, Arizona PHONE AL. 3-3682 Subscription Rates 10c Per Copy 53.00 Per Year Six Months $1.75 Three Months - SI.OO Two Cents to Mail Overseas. All Inquiries concerning Advertising Rates and Subscription should be secured at the above address. D. F. Benson, Founder ....Editor, President and Chairman of Board Carlos Morales Vice-President Joseph B. Miller Secretary Travis Williams - Treasurer F. A. Boyd Advertising Manager Entered as Second-class matter July 2, 1948, at the Postoffice at Phoenix, Arizona, under the Act of March 3. 1879. Toughest vfliti-Segregation Fight Still Ahead The rapid advances made by the Negro in economic, political and social gains since the end of World War II has been climaxed by the United States Supreme Court decisions outlawing restrictive housing covenants,. segre gation in public education and now public recreation. Other rulings, at other court levels, have opened the polls and in other ways legally guaranteed them many of the rights taken for granted by the majority group of this nation. As tough as was the battle to the courts and through them to clear cut decisions, the hardest job is still ahead. These court decisions must be transmitted to the local level of every state, city and community. Until citizens everywhere enjoy the rights guaranteed by the U. S. Constitution the fight is far from over. In the years since the tribunal ruled that restrictive covenants were unconstitutional, only a hand full of Ne groes have made the jump across the tracks into non segregated living areas. In most instances it was the fi nancially independent Negro who attempted to use his rights under the constitution. These efforts have, in most instances, resulted in violence or the damaging of prop erty unless the local authorities saw fit.to uphold the federal law. Then things worked smoothly. More success has been realized with the court ruling against public segregation in education than was at first expected. The line has been broken in several states, some even in the deep south, and more are crumbling. In other areas suits have been filed seeking the death toll for the dual education system. Louisiana, of course, has fought the decree vigorously. The implementation of the recent decision banning segregation in recreation will pose another problem. As in education, some areas will honor the ruling and adhere as soon as possible. Others will follow hesitatingly, and most of the South will oppose it with all the means at their command. . How to bring these court decisions into reality will be the big question facing Negro leaders in the years ahead. The call is out for wise, sane leaders who know their community and have a feeling for when is the right time to be militant and when not to press a point too closely. Diplomats, men of intelligence and backbone, are needed. , The years ahead are fateful ones. The Negro can be too meek and lose these paper gains. He can,, too, rush ahead and ferment needless strife. The decade ahead promises to be interesting and rich in the treasures of full citizenship. The call is out for leaders to mark the course. Reprint from Shreveport Sun. Beauty at Home Q. Can toupees for men be worn so that they really are not detec table? A. Yes, there are really some ex pert jobs accomplished today. In fact, I know of one woman who had ben married for six months be fore she discovered that her hus band wore a toupee. Q. How can I exercise to im prove the contour of my bust? A. This is one of the best: Sit ting or standing, put the doubled up fist of your right hand into the palm of your left. Keeping arms shoulder-high and bent at elbows, push the arms slowly, using resis tance —first to the left, then to the right. Be sure to use resistance all the way through.. Do this until tired, then relax —and repeat. Q. How can I mix my own as tringent lotion for my oily skin? A. Merely mix a little lemon juice into a bowl of ice water, and splash this on the skin after wash ing and massaging briskly—and be fore applying your makeup. Q. How should I apply my pow der foundation? A. Don’t use more than is neces- SMITH MATTRESS Manufacturers Builders of High-Grade Mattresses and , Box Springs 2044 E. Washington St. sary to cover the face evenly. Dot the face with the correct amount, then smooth it evenly, taking care to cover the skin completely at such points as the eyelids, under the eyes and at the base of the nostrils. Blend it well into the hair line and at the base of—the neck. Use only enough to cover the skin and give it a smooth evenness of texture. Q. How can I remove soot from the chimney? A. By placing two or three ounces of fine flour of sulphur on a hot fire in the range or furnice. Keep the damper open. Q. How can I sharpen knives? A. Sharpen a dull knife by fold ing a piece of emery paper in the center and drawing the knife blade rapidly back and forth several times. PHOENIX LUMBER COMPANY 715 W. Jackson Phones— AL 3-3300 and AL 4-0791 2x4- 8' @ 30c • 2x4—l2' @ 48c 2x4—lo' @ 40c • 2x4-14' @ 56c 2x4-16' @ 64c No. 3 Shooting slls M No. 4 Shooting $95 M No. 5 Sheeting S7O M ! Same Management for 25 Years E. G. HAMRICK, Owner rL— .»■ i i ■, ARIZONA SUN V F W /—i A I POST 1710 C 3 I MAILBOX _ (I'tiiif 1 by Ed Hightower Adjutant Quartermaster This is the second in a series of articles on the operations of Vet erans of Foreign Wars organiza tion. Virgil Bell Post No. 1710 wishes to extend sincere holiday greetings to veterans and their families everywhere. At Christmas time all of us real ize how truly our American way of life centers in the home. As veter ans you hold the proud certainty that your services in time of war, preserved our homes and freedom for our wives and children. Your record in peacetime has been equally magnificent. We need njt remind you, the great objective of the V. F. W. has always been to honor the dead by helping the liv ing the V.F.W.’s national home for widows and orphans of veterans at Eaton Rapids, Michigan, pro vides magnificent proof that this ideal is more than a mere slogan or an idle dream. The doors of the V. F. W. Na tional Home stand open for widows and orphans of all overseas veter ans who have been members in good standing for at least a year. As a husband, or as a father of minor children, your membership in the V. F. W., fulfills a moral ob ligation to your loved ones if they should suddenly be deprived of your protection. Your membership card is there fore an Insurance Policy which cost you practically nothing, to make sure your loved ones will al ways be eligible for the wonderful care and facilities of the V. F. W. National Home. Any eligible veteran will be guil ty of neglecting the welfare and security of his loved ones if he fails to join his nearest V. F. W. Post! Even if the V. F. W. does noth ing else, its national home cer tainly is sufficient reason for your support. Our Post Officer, whom 1 we take pride in introducing is Comrade Will L. Galloway, senior vice com mander of our Post. Comrade Gal loway served in the armed services from Oct. 1940 to 1945, with 19 months in the European Theatre of Operations. Productive effort in the most im portant of all fields which is mem bership has earned Comrade Galloway high praise from the Post. He has distinguished him self by obtaining over 100 per cent membership for the year. Comrade Galloway is also inter ested in youth activities of the community as well as the Post. He has been employed for a number of years in the service of Del E. Webb Co., co-owner of the New York Yankee Baseball club. Our Comrade urges the public to join us in our promotion of patriot ism and constructive service to the community in which we live. Ships in the Panama Canal travel 50 miles from ocean to ocean it is 34 air miles across. Negroes Demand Full Rights In AFL-CIO By Art Sharon The new unified labor federation will come into existence formally this week in New York City. For the CIO it is the end of the 20-year split that started in the midst of the greatest surge of * working-class strength in Ameri can history. For the AFL the unifi ' cation marks the official recogni ' tion of industrial unionism. To the little closed circle of top AFL lead ; ers the family breach has been ; healed. i It is entirely charcteristic of the limited outlook of both the AFL and CIO hierarchy that the last ; days of separate existence were marked by much pulling and haul • ing over issues involving the pres tige, power and relative standing ( of the various officials. And there has been a big jump in NLRB elections as a number of AFL and CIO unions seek to in crease their contracts and member ships preparatory to negotiations for direct union mergers. The new constitution provides that “affiliates shall respect the established bargaining relationship of every other affiliate and no ' affiliate shall raid the established collective bargaining relationship of any other affiliate.” But it is doubtful that this clause will have much effect upon organizations Meatcutters Wanted As adequate Civil Service regis ters are not available to fill pres ent and future vacancies, the Board of U.S. Civil Service Exam iners at Luke Air Force Base an nounce an examination for Meat cutters, WB-7, $1.61 per hour. First consideration for vacancies as they occur will be given to the highest eligibles on the register who have not expressed unwill ingness to accept appointment at the place where the vacancy exists. 1 Application forms and qualifica tion requirements may be obtained from the Board of U.S. Civil Serv ice Examiners at Luke Air Force Base .or from the Civil# Service Secretary at first and second class post offices. Applications should be mailed. Becky's Case 2441 E. BROADWAY Specializing in Home-Made Pies Home-Cooked Meals Open 24 Hours a Day AUNT HATTIE'S FRIDAY, DECEMBER 16,. 1955 like the Teamsters or AFL Seafar ers who consider cannibalistic raid ing to be standard union strategy. The AFL Metal Trades and Building Trades blocked any clause in the constitution of the new labor federation giving equal, member ship rights to both Negro and white workers. The CIO fought for a clause guaranteeing “full membership rights” for all, but settled for a compromise which reads “full union benefits to all.” This leaves the Jim Crow set-up that exists in many AFL unions. Negro trade unionists through out the country have protested this reactionary clause. They have also demanded that one of the 27 vice presidents of the new body be a Negro. However, even if the AFL as a concession names someone like A. Philip Randolph, the shameful racial clause will remain. The merger has been in the mak ing for years. It is a defensive re alignment primarily due to the threat of the Taft-Hartley Act, sec ondarily to the defeat of the Demo crats in 1952 and finally to the hope that a united bureaucracy can help the Democrats win in 1956. Regardless of the motives of the narrow-minded, conservative lead ers of the AFL and CIO, the mer ger is of great political significance. The hopes and aspirations of the American working class will in evitably center around the new or ganization. The hierarchy is bound to feel increasing pressure in the direction of independent political action. Despite all the shortcomings of the new body, its formation must be viewed as a progressive step opening up new paths for the labor movement. CHEAP TRANSPORTATION Our Specialty We Will Finance You HAROLD YOUNG USED CARS 919 Grand Ave.