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ARIZONA SUN iHE VOICE OF 60,000 NEGROES IN ARIZONA Published Every Thursday by the ARIZONA SUN PUBLISHING CO., INC. 19£7 South Central Avenue, Phoenix, Arizona PHONE AL 3-3682 Subscription Rates 10c Per Copy 53.00 Per Year , Six Months 41.75 Three Months - - - - „...sl.oo Two dents to Mail Overseas All Inquiries concerning advertising rates should be secured at the above address n p Benson Editor and Publisher Fredonia Benson Assistant Editor W. A. Robinson Associate Editor Registered as Second class matter July 2,1948, at the Postoffioe at Phoenix, Arizona, under the Act of March 3, 1879. ARIZONA WILL MISS HIM In the passing last week of Dr. Lacey A. Eastbum, Arizona lost a dedicated educator with superior professional training. Dr. Eastburn’s educational philosophy was funda mentally that of the best educational tradition in the nation. He was willing to fight for what he believed in, and he believed that Northern Arizona was a part of the State of Arizona and should have a college that adequately and real istically cared for the needs of the area. We should give Dr. Eastbum credit for seeing that the area was provided with a collegiate institution of which all could be proud. WHAT IS URBAN RENEWAL? We will be hearing a lot about URBAN RENEWAL in the days to coim(e and we should understand something about it. Don’t be decieved ‘into thinking that because you do not live within the limits of thfe area which you have read, will be involved, that you are not concerned. Urban Renewal will affect all of us in many ways. It will affect our schools; it may affect the coirtmunity in which we now live, if the people displaced in the area are not properly relocated in standard housing. It will decide whether or not the “renewed” area is going to be within a few years just another area needing renewal. It will certainly have some effect upon whether or not Negroes are forced to live for several more generations in ghettos that are neglected, poorly policed, and exploited by all of the unsual kinds of exploiters. It' behooves all of us to become informed as fully as possible. From a pamphlet, “URBAN RENEWAL—-What It Is which can be secured upon request from: Housing and Home Finance Agency, Washington 25, D.C., I quote: The Urban Renewal Plan: Each urban renewal project requires a locally developed plan for the ar*ea which indicates the physical changes to be made, the proposed use for each portion of the area to be cleared, and the improved street arrangements, utilities, and other supporting facilities re quired within the area. Federall funds can be advanced for this planning. The plan provides the blueprint for concluding agreements for Federal assistance to the community, including portions of the area to be cleared or rehabilitated and disposal of the land to private of public use. The community must have a RELOCATION PLAN TO ASSURE HOUSING OF FAM ILIES DISPLACED BY PROJECT ACTIVITIES.” (emphasis ours). The SUN is inclined to think that relocation within the CITY LIMITS can be demanded. Has such a plan been made? Who knows about it? Who will approve it? Somebody should tell us these things. lid' # Ml" SHIRE IN YOUR HOME If your neighborhood is nos serviced by an Arizona Sun news boy, just step around the corner to the nearest newsstand. Here is a list ot stands (or your convenience: ' Rosner Pharmacy 901 East Jefferson Street Norman’s Pharmacy 1402 East Washington Street Reddy’s Corner 1602 East Jefferson Street Lee Jew Market 1503 East Washington Jim’s Food Market 1110 East Washington Southern Drug Store 624 South 7th Avenue Broadway Pharmacy 1608 East Broadway Nelson’s Grocery 2803 East Broadway EDITORIAL PAGE ARIZONA SUN b Comment / By James W. Douthat. Editors Note: “No Comment,’’ should not be regarded as nec essarily reflective of Nationals Association of Manufacturers po sition or policy, for it is a re porting of incidents and conver sations which its author, Ass’st. Vice President Government Re lations Division thinks might be of general interest. WASHINGTON. The deter mined effort by the Eisenhower Administration to hold govern ment spending to S7O billion dur ing the next fiscal year definite ly brightens the prospect for tax reduction. Admittedly, there are a num ber of “ifs” involved. But tax cut advocates point out that a reduction would still be possible even if the Administration does not completely reach its objec tive. A S7O billion spending pro gram for next year (the fiscal year beginning next July 1) would be $2 billion under the amount the Administration ex pects to spend during this fiscal year. However, the normal growth of the economy should increase by at least $3 billion each year the amount of tax revenue re ceived by the government. So, assuming normal economic growth, taxes could be lowered and the government still would receive sufficient revenue to meet its needs. This is the basis of legislation now pending in Congress which was introduced by Representa tives Sadlak (R-Conn.) and Her long (D-Fla.). Their proposal would lower personal and cor poration income taxes to a max imum of 42 per,, cent by a series of annual reductions spread over five years. wjm THE POISED AXE Ever-increasing wage demands upon American business, made by the unions and backed up by their monopoly power and punc tuated with strikes or threats of strikes, are like an axe held over the head of our economy. The union leaders dictate— they do not bargain, they dic tate—wages, hours, and working conditions in most of our major industries. They impose their will on employers, employees, and the public alike. If employers could grant high er wages each year, and without raising the prices of their pro ducts, that would be one thing. But how long would they be able to stay in business —and how long would their employees have jobs? There’s an old fable —but a painfully modem one about the man who killed the goose that laid the golden eggs! FACING THE FACTS W. A. Robinson Two editors have very differ ent opinions regarding the deci sion of the Supreme court on integration. We know that the editor of the Arizona Republic seems to regard the decision as an unwarranted and dangerous, perhaps illegal infringement up on states' rights. On the other hand, Ralph McGill, editor of the Atlanta Constitution, has a different opinion. Mr. McGill was a former sports editor on the Constitution’s staff, who, be cause of evident early promise as a realistic southern inter- / preter of the news, was saJect ted by the General Education Board for an unusual training experience and in time, became the editor of this old and en fluential very southern news paper. Editor McGill expressed himself recently in this manner before an Emory University (Atlanta) lecture forum: The people of the south “have been sold a phony bill of goods by those who say integration will mean amalgamation of the races”. He labeled such beliefs as “an insult to both races that only segregation “is keeping them from running to the mar riage courts." He noted that des pite the tremendous outbursts against the 14th Amendment by southern politicians, “it’s still there and it’s valid.’’ Mr. Mc- Gill stated to the forum in this southern white University that “we should" not decieve our selves that the Amendment will be taken out” and warned that “most of us wouldn’t want it taken out," and he emphatically insisted “that we ought not to listen to the people who say the Supreme Court has violated the Constitution it can’t be cause the Supreme Court was created to interpret the Consti tution." Neither of these editors has lived as long as I. I have seen the nation expecting doom' on several occasions. There were those who at one time predicted with great hopefulness that the American Negroes would die out THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 7, 1957 in a few decades from tubercu losis. Booker T. Washington had to try to allay the fears in the south and in the nation general ly that education would spoil the Negro completely for any useful purposses. Editors both north and south predicted that the victory of a Negro heavy weight fighter over a white champion would cause such ar rogance among Negroes and such resentment among whites, that there would be race riots all over the nation. President Eisenhower was evidently con cerned that the “social experi ment" of integration in the arm ed services would reduce the effectiveness of the American military offence. More recently (only eleven years ago) Com missioner of Minor League Base ball, W. G. Bramham, at Dur ham, N.C. said regarding Jackie Robinson’s proposed entry into organized baseball. “The general impression in this city is that the Negro player will be so un comfortable, embarrassed and out of place that he will soon get out of his own accord.” And Alvin Gardner, president of the Texas League, said, “I am positive you’ll never see any Ne gro players on any of the teams in organized baseball in the south as long as Jim Crow laws are in force." If you just live long enough none of these great “racial crises” in America seem so critical. The steady advance of the American Negro toward full American citizenship con tinues, because American demo cracy and hard headed realism has continued uo win out over plain, disgusting prejudice. The Supreme Court, the Con stitution, and the nation will also survive the Court’s inter pretation that American justice extends also to communists —or to persons so accused —inspite of profound editorials I, n, Etc., in the Phoenix ladies. DON’T DESTROY YOUR SUN Pass it on to your employer or your fellow worker.