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Arizona sun. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1942-196?, November 21, 1957, Image 2

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Published Every Thursday by the
1127 South Central Avenue, Phoenix, Arizona PHONE AI» 3-3682
Subscription Rates 10c Per Copy 53.00 Per Year
Six Months $1.75
Three Months sl.oo
Two Cents to Mail Overseas
All Inquiries concerning advertising rates should be secured
at the above address
D. F. Benson _ Editor and Publisher
Fredonia Benson - Assistant Editor
W. A. Robinson - - Associate Editor
Registered as Second class matter July 2, 1948, at the Postoffioe at
Phoenix. Arizona, under the Act of March 3, 1879.
A Momentous Supreme Court
The people of the United States are much more fortu
nate than great and powerful peoples have often been at
times of pressing international and national crises.
At this particular time when time and space are being
annihilated, the peoples of the world find themselves crowded
together on one small planet and compelled to live together
in peace or ultimately destroy each other. The traditions of
inter-tribal hatreds and the blurred littleness of thinking
produced by living in a world of great distances and im
passable barriers of mountains and seas, have left the people
of the world unprepared for the task of living in the kind
of small world we have so suddenly acquired.
By some good fortune America has been able to nurture
the ideas and the moral principles that produced such Amer
icans as Horace Mann, Thomas Jefferson, Susan B. Anthony,
Walter White, Bishop Oxnam, and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Today we have a desperate need to base our actions
nationaally and internatibnally upon the principles of the
dignity, of humanity, of world-wide respect for our fellow
men wherever they may be, whatever the status of their
progress, or the particular variety of their physical features.
We can offer prayers of thanks that there have been
given tb the nine fateful men whlo today comprise the highest
court of our land the legal insights and the moral compulsions
to stand firm upon the sacredness of justice, unshaken by
the fears and the conflicts of international political ideas, by
the fears of the powerful that they may be overtaken by the
inevitable progress of the weak, or by the persistent primative
hatreds of human beings built upon physical differences and
upon the turn of fate that has, for the moment, placed them
in position of power over others.
History will record with gratitude, the world leadership
which this court made possible for a rich and powerful nation
so torn by internal conflicts of moral concepts that its day
could have passed except for such leadership as this court
has given.
• »
Ear-marking the White Citizens Council as “the principal
organized opposition to the federal responsibility to enforce
equal opportunities for education in the public schools,” Sen
ator Javits, Republican, of New York says he will ask the
Senate to investigate that organization. The Senator* added
that a special Senate committee could determine whether the
councils harbor subversive elements.
The Senator says the nation’s prestige has suffered be
cause of a failure to achieve racial integration in the public
schools of the South. In that the criteria established by Presi
dent Eisenhower in April 1953 “might well include those who
would incite 'to violence against the law of the land on inte
gration in the publfc schools.”
For some time it has been obvious that the White Citizens
Council t9ok off where another organization much akin to
its principles left off. In that it might be here inferred that
this new movement is merely the old one in disguise.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People, is a respected organization and so recognized by the
Supreme Court of the United States in both its pleas and
decisions gained. That organization has been fallen upon in
reprisal for the victories it won within the framework of the
Constitution of the United States itself.
The nine judges comprising the highest court in the land
in their decisions concurring with the pleas coming up from
the NAACP, have never indicated that its operations were
un-American. Still in some of, those states feeling the sting
of defeat in laws passed in contradiction to the Constitution
of the United States, would fall upon, harrass and in some
cases enjoin the .NAACP, in reprisal for what the court agreed
was constitutional.
Now, iit occurs from here that what’s good for the goose,
ought be good for the gander; that if} the NAACP, a law
abiding group which has never defied the court, must be
drawn over the coals, then let this apply to an avowed com
batant of what the court said should obtain.
(Atlanta Daily World)
JVo Comment!
By James W. Douthat.
• Editors Note: “No Comment,”
should not be regarded as nec
essarily reflective of National
Association of Manufacturers po
sition or policy, for it is a re
porting of incidents and conver
sations which its author, Ass’st.
Vice President Government Re
lations Division thinks might be
of general interest.
bers of Congress were astounded
at the statement by Secretary
of Labor Mitchell that the Eisen
hower Administration is oppos
ed to enactment of a federal law
prohibiting compulsory union
It had been the understand
ing among informed members of
Congress that the Administra
tion was planning to follow a
policy of neutrality on this is
sue and not try to influence
Congres one way or another.
If there had been any changes
in this position, it had not been
communicated to those on Ca
pitol Hill who follow develop
ments closely in the labor field.
The consensus in Washington
was that Secretary Mitchel was
trying, on his own initiative, to
put the Administration on re
cord in opposition to a national
right-to-work law which would
prohibit compulsory unionism.
Once before—in 1954—Mr. Mit
chell created a sensation as
sailing state right-to-work laws
—and was promptly rebuffed by
the White House. He asserted
that state right-to-work laws
(18 states now have such laws)
do more harm than good. Presi
dent Eisenhower quickly let it
be known that the Secretary
of Labor was speaking for him
self and not for the White
Since then, at every opportun
ity, Mr. Mitchell has continued
to condemn state right-to-work
(Continued on page 6)
By Ted Yates L
Labor union violence, coercion
and intimidation, offend the
sensibilities of all decent people.
A recent victim, lying in an
Indiana hospital with a bullet
dangerously near her brain, was
a baby girl. Her parents, work
ink in a strike-bound plant, did
not believe the strike was justi
fied and continued to report for
work. /
The child was hit when a
fusillade of rifle shots struck
her parents’ trailer-home under
cover of night.
It should not take the near
death of a small child to wake
lip the country. Sufficient pub
lic indignation against labor un
ion violence in any form will
put an end to it.
As the acid-blinded labor col
umnist. Victor Reisel, notes: —
“The right to strike and the
right to fight a strike—are no
license to kill, or main or wound,
or blow up property.”
W. A. Robinson
I am glad to be able to give
the readers of this column the
very fine resolution on Human
Rights which was passed as a
part of the platform of -.the
national meeting at Reno two
weeks ago. I had the privilege
of attending a meeting of the
young people who are more or
less the working body of the
YD’s in Phoenix and they are
a group of young people of whom
any party could be proud.
It was interesting and amus
ing that the Arizona delegation
at Reno found the YD’s from all
over the nation aroused over the
necessity to do something about
removing from politics, the jun
ior Senator from Arizona. There
is ho doubt that he is well ad
vertised, but according to the
returning delegates, most un
favorably. One encouraging re
port from the meeting was the
fact that the YD’s from the seg
regation states are not terribly
excited about race matters but
they are cautious to go through
the political motions that will
get favorable notice back home
when the news gets back.
After all they live back there
and they are southern Demo
crats. The Oklahoma delegation
backing young Noles for the
presidency, for instance, so far
forgot the southern pattern that
they tried to get young Craw
ford, the Negro delegate from
Chicago who was elected Ist
Veep, to join their camp in the
election when they saw how
much weight the Negro young
man fetched.
For young folks they did them
selves proud in wording their
resolutions. Here they are:
There is inherent in the na
ture of man a wondrous dignity.
This dignity arises from rights
inherent in his nature—to life,
to freedom, tq the pursuit of
happiness, to rights independ
ent of race, color, creed or na
tional origins. These rights in
■ F. Unity
elude ownership of property, jus
tice under the law, and the in
dividual’s right to a virtuos re
putation among his fellow men
unless he by specific actions for
feits it. These rights apply every
place in the world. They are
not given by the state nor by
society, and neither the state
nor society can in justice take
them away.
The fulfilment of man’s rights
requires civil order. Civil order
requires obedience to the law.
The decisions of the United
States Supreme Court in inter
preting the Constitution of the
United States are the supreme
law of the land. The decisions
of the state courts in interpret
ing thefr respective state con
stitutions are the law of their
Jurisdiction. The responsibility
for the enforcement of these
laws rests with the president of
the United States and the gov
emers of the various states.
SOLVED: That the Young Dem
ocratic Clubs of America adopt
the following principles:
1. We oppose segregation or
discrimination on the basis of
race, color, creed or national
origin in all areas of the United
States. Racial discrimination is
a disgrace to the citizens of the
United States whether it occurs
in Little Rock, Arkansas, or
Levittown, Pennsylvania.
2. We urge all Young Demo
crats to encourage registration
and voting wherever Democrats
are found regardless of the race,
color, creed or national origin of
these citizens; and we advocate
vigorous enforcement of the law
against any individual or group
that deny to any citizens these
3. We oppose the action of
the Governor of Arkansas’ use
of National Guard troops to
prevent the orderly integration
of the public schools of Little
Rock as it had been planned and
developed by the local school
4. We favor the liberalization
(Continued on page 6)

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