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THURSDAY, DECEMBER 5, 1957
FEDERAL TROOPS ORDERED OUT OF LITTLE ROCK LITTLE ROCK All federal troops have been ordered out of Little Rock by Army Secretary Wilber Brucker, leaving the en ♦ forcement of school desegrega tion there in the hands of the Arkansas National Guard. The , order came from Washington effective, Nov. 27. “Continuing stability” was the reason given for withdrawing the last 225 men of the 101st Airborne Division who returned to their base at Fort Campbell, Ky. Their departure leave 900 federalized national guardsmen on duty to maintain order and protect the nine Negro students attending the • previously all white school under federal court % order. The situation at the school has been relatively calm for several weeks. Major Gen. Edwin Walker, commander of the Arkansas Mil itary District, will be in com mand of the 900 men of the V'l 'f f '"' - lH tHj§ IsM t- l r v itlfJmr MsM WL k *Jp B«0| ■IL j|||||| ' ■ 4&> 'imm 000$%$ Bp • '■ c ’‘ Jj| - |fjl T'-V raUtfAliH | T Give her an AUTOMATIC ® ] fc il?a SSS __ M 4& i J RANGE” - A ~ / ONLY \ The one gift that has everything is a modem automatic /GA S \ GAS range. Preparing family meals is done automatically / gives thus \ ... from cooking to baking in the fresh-air / automatic % oven and broiling in the smokeless broiler. Gas ranges I „!?£ control i % offer modem features galore... from rotisseries for f Tllfif 4 indoor barbecuing to controls that tell you the exact temperature you I temperature of meat in your oven. And here’s f want... and forget I an economy note: automatic GAS ranges cost less 1 Automatic to buy, less to install and much y much less to operate! | I into &d automatic Jr ARIZONA appliance! / \SfPubiic Service %w ' r I your locally managed taxpaying utility RACISTS IN LITTLE ROCK GROW STRONGER AS GOV’T RETREATS By George Lav an. t V The situation in Litle Rock is deteriorating. The last act of the outgoing “moderate” mayor and the city council was to order the arrest of Mrs. L. C. Bates and Rev. J. C. Crenshaw, leaders of the Ar kansas National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. In the Nov. 5 elections the White Citizens Council and sim ilar racist organizations suc ceeded in electing a member of the city council. Moreover, the other six candidates endorsed by them nearly defeated the Good Government slate, which before the integration battle had been expected by all observers to win '153 Arkansas National Guard unit who remain on duty at the school. ARIZONA SUN without serious challenge; On Nov. 12 Terrance Roberts and Jeffprson Thomas, two of the nine Negro students in Little Rock’s Central High School, were beaten by white classmates. On Nov. 17 Governor Faubus, who has shifted, equivocated and doubletalked on the sub ject of “compromise” with the federal authorities, again took a firm stand. According to an Associated Prdlss dispatch, “Gov. Orval E. Faubus said today the desegregation deadlock in Little Rock could only be resolved by the voluntary withdrawal of the nine Negro children from Cen tral High School.” All the above news items are straws in the wind. The wind that is currently blowing through Little Rock is one of renewed self-confidence and aggressive ness on the part of the racists and their hero, Gov. Faubus. How has this situation come about? Only two months ago na tional and world indignation forced Eisenhower to send troops to little Rock. The racist bul lies needed but ope brief skir mish with the federal troops to lose heart and slink back to their holes. Shortly thereafter efforts by them to provoke a walkout of white students prov ed a dismal flop. But that was in the first few weeks after the arrival of fed eral troops. Now the tide has turned. The racists have again become emboldened. They are gaining greater influence over whites who stood aside from the battle in front of the high school two months ago . Direct responsibility for this ominous situation rests on the federal government. The Eisen hower administration, jarred out of its no-enforcement at titude on school desegregation by the world-wide storm of anger over Little Rock, sent fed eral troops. Instead of following through, the administration, once the pressure of public opin ion on it had eased, slumped back into appeasing the South ern white-supremacists. Its sole effort has been to get the fed eral troops out of Little Rock: the original 1,000 troops sent on Sept. 24 were halved on Oct. 14; reduced to 225 on Nov. 6; now all are to be withdrawn by Nov. 27, thus leaving protection of the Negro students solely to the federalized Arkansas National Guard. Withdrawal of the federal troops would be of no great con cern, if the situation had im proved rather than deteriorated. But the federal authorities back tracked on taking the promised steps to improve the atmosphere —the exposure and bringing to justice of the ringleaders of the anti-Negro violence. Here is the record of federal retreats as chronicled by the daily newspapers: “Another fed eral judge was assigned to Little Rock today as, the government speeded preparations to indict agitators in the Central High School case” (N. Y. Times, Oct. 1) “One possible weapon still unused by the White House is the dossier of 400 to 500 pages prepared by the FBI on racial agitation in Little Rock— If this file should lead in any pos sible way into Gov. Faubus’ of ficial family” (Oct 4, Christian Science Monitor) —“the Elsen hower administration intends to destroy the core of racial agita tion in Little Rock by prosecut ing the ringleaders of the mobs that tried to obstruct integra tion at the high school” (N. Y. Times, Oct. 6) . —“Although the situation is quieting, thoughtful civic leaders have no illusion that the trouble Is over. They feel it would be a tragic mistake for federal troops to puff out before the ringleaders of the mob are punished. They warn (Continued on page 6) fyutcunouil PnoldemA? HAVE YOU CONSIDERED A MORTGAGE LOAN? We make loans on ALL types of real estate NO CHARGE FOR PRELIMINARY APPRAISAL FOR FURTHER INFORMATION Call ALpifie 2-6565 * Or Visit Our Offices Phoenix Mortgage Company BANK OF DOUGLAS BUILDING 213 North First Avenue Phoenix, Arizona PAGE THREE IKE DRED SCOn STORY A CEN TURY AFTER TOLD By YALE LAW PROFESSOR The political significance of the Dred Scott case of 1857, giv en in the current issue of Atlan tic Monthly Magazine, is a well detailed account of what the writer terms the “most famous —or notorious— in our judicial history.” The Supreme Court’s decision in the case, written one hundred years ago, by Chief Justice Taney, “held that no Negro, slave or free, Gould be a U. 6. citizen had no standing to sue in a federal court.” Writer of the article is Fred Roddell, author and profressor of law at Yale University. His latest book is “Nine Men,” a political history of the U.S. Su premje Court. The Dred Scott V. Sanford case brought the only Supreme Court decision that helped bring on a major war (The Civil War), writes Mr. Roddell, and one of only three decisions in the Court’s history that was even tually reserved— “not by the Court itself, not even, legally speaking, by war, but by an amendment to the Constitution. The author compares the de cision of the Court with that of the May, 1954, decision desegre gating the public schools, as “pinacles of political impor tance” in the nation’s historty; only “today it Is the North that lauds the Court and the South that dams.” The political finangling be hind the scenes of the decision, according to the writer, includ ed: (1) “the declared intent of one Justice who was openly am bitious for the Presidency to turn his dissent into a stump (Continued on page 6) Wrv&Ssssv lfll Ntt3|iP|§P.£ & $ Ty - r '', PRESIDENT RESTING — Presi dent Eisenhower made his first public appearance since his ill ness as he arrived for Thanks giving services at the National Presbyterian Church in Wash ington, D.C. He motored to his farm home at Gettysburg, Pa., for a quiet recuperation from the mild stroke he had last week.