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Six-Page Edition. TOMBSTONE, AIUZOA..JANUAHY 23. 181 This Page is from the Dnilv of Tuesday, Jan. 17. LOCAL SPLINTERS. Ore oC fine grade has been struck in three new places on the surface of the Sun set mine. The vrest-bound express train was four hours late on Saturday, owing to storms along the line. Asms from the recently-discovered cross-ledge of the Side Wheel on Military Hill return $101.71. The purehaso of the Contact by George Hearst gives the owners of property in that section renewed life and energy. We are pleased to chronicle tho conval esence of our genial fellow-townsman, J, A. Kelly, from an illness nearly resulting fatally. Mr. E. T. HARDr,of,Bisbeo. is stopping at the CosnTopolltan. Mr. Ilaidy ,1s one of the leading business, men of the great copper camp. - .Cat?. W II. Seauans has returned from his holiday visit to his family in Oakland. We welcome the captain back to his post of duty again. The caso or Samuel Gillam, arrested for malicious mischief in moving a house from the Gilded Age ground, was set for to day at 10 o'clock a. m. TitE rcttuurant known as Mack's, on Fremont street, above Fourth, will be "opened to-day under a new proprietor, and will no doubt retain its old dod- ularity. Mr. Tom F. Curtis, of "Virginia City, Is registered at the Grand. Mr. Curtis was at one time superintendent of the Ophir mine, and has always been a prominent Comstock maq. There is a party ot gentlemen from this city proposing to visit the Winchester dis trict tbls week, whose favorable opinion upon their return will give that now at tractive camp a solid boem. Sixteen carloads of pipe for the Hua chuca Water company have been received at Benson. The pipe is being promptly delivered along the line, the survey of which is about completed. The case of Martin & Dore, arrested for selling liquor 'without a government license, came up before U. SCommissiou er Spicer yesterday. Upon presentation of a license in doe form, the defendants were discharged. Hon. W. II. Stilwxm. arrived Sunday evening, and opened court at 10 -o'clock yesterday morning. The judge is looking in splendid health after his long travels during the interim of his court here. A trivate letter from Washington In forms us that Hon. G. II. Oury has been called suddenly to St. Louis" to attend the i bedside of n dying sister. We extend our wncere condolence to Mr. Oury and family L' "" ueicaveineui, democrat, lull, Is. D. II. ALDKRSON has been an. ri superintendent of the Tombstone i 31111 and Lumber company. Mr. ldge contemplates a visit to Tucson san Francisco. His many friends In Tombstone will regret his absencu among them. iibstone has been experiencing the & edee of tho recent nntli.-n Pull. l Storm the nsst fnrtv.plM Ln. rfcll continuously from midnicht Fri- jtll daylight, and the raising of the banks from the surrounding inoun- L yesterday disclosed the ranges in all mona covered with snow. -recent strike of copper mads in the uois district is attracting a great deal lention. The ore is of verv sunerlor , and tho cropping aro such as to ate a strong ledge. An assay made riflay from the oxide of copper (tho lillng character of the ore) give 53 per auaajEuioiis-Aii.iciiRr Doings, or the, Bed DevlU-ln.aiexIco Vigorous Coinnalen Instlnued, by the Mexican Uovernmont, against Them. Ccmpas, Sonora, Mexico, Jan. 0, 1832., Editor EriTAru: Desiring to keep your readers posted as to the movements of the Indians who lately broke away from the San Carlos reservation and in vaded this country, and the steps taken by the military and and civic authorities of Sonora to check them in their career of murder and robbery, I forward you this letter by ono who leaves here to-morrow tor Charleston. As I stated in my last letter, the Indians had attacked tho hacienda of the Chicago mining company, at El Gavalin, at,whjch point the prefecto who was in pursuit TOOK THEIR TRAIL and followed it as far as tho Ynqui river, and then handed it over to the preiccia of Sauharipa, who had hurriedly organized a small torce in that district in anticipation of the Indians coming that way. Their trail from this point was leading to the south Instead of to the east, in tho direc tion of the Guaynopa mountains. Where they are striking for, if their trail keeps leading south, is more than your corres pondent can imagine, for if they keep in that direction it will soon take them into a thickly settled portion of the state. I tbiuk, however, this was only a ruse on the part of tho Indians to mislead, Sauha ripa troops, so that it will leave them the. road, open to get back again to the Guay nopa mountains. The Indians have their families end are driving large: bands of stock along with them, and this fact leads us to infer that Gen. Lerrazos with the. Chihuahua troops had entered those moun- tains and had attacked and badly whipped the Indians, thereby driving them into. So. nora. notb the federal and state governments have determined that the "Indians must go," and for this purpose are rapidly con centrating both federal and state troops at Oposura. Col. Espana with the larger part of the sixth battalion is now at that place, and the rest of his command will urrive in a few days with the commander-. In-chief of the federal troops in Sonora, Gen. Jose Tuburcio Ortero, who will as sume command in person of the campaign., Our very efficient and active goverrior has wisely determined to call out FIVE HUNDRED OF THE NATIONAL GUARD. From this and the district of Sauharipa, and place them at the disposition of Gen. Ortero, who is well known the length and breadih of the state as a brave and Intel llgent officer, and ono who knows the tac tics and mode of warlaie of the Apaches. The state troops wiH be well armed and equipped, as Gen. Ortero brings with him for this purpose Ave hundred ol the latest improved Remington rilles, besides $20, 000 in cash to defray expenses in paying soldiers, and Gov. Ortiz on his part, has left nothing undone to make the tho cam paign a SUCCESSFUL AND DECISIVE ONE to quell this Indian invasion at once and Turever. God-speed tills humane under taking, and the Ap.ichc will perhaps, learn to his sorrow that Sonora of to-day is not tho Sonora of years gone by, and that when he again reaches San Carlos hq will be content to live and dio there. stronghoWs Indians from their mountains. Indian Depredations lu Houora. From the SUr.jJsn 14. El Fronlerizo, of this city, pubJisheSithe following communication dated at Fron tcras, December 24tb, 1881: "At the very moment I am writing these lines a courier tomes from Oputo, bringing the sad news that at a point called Cuuadu, del Casca lote, near the above town, Iheie had fallen victims to the ferocious Apache five men and two woolen, and almost at the same time, in an opposite direction, at a place called Canyon del Tucon, thero had been two women and (our children killed. It is stated that the Indians comprise a considerable number and aro captained by the celebrated Cachise. They have set their camp in a mountain and aic making expeditions in various directions. They aro commanded by no less a person than Ju, who has directed a considerable part of theia for the district of Arispe, and now is commencing the volume of the bloody strife of these terrible savages against the indefensible people of the towns. "With these doleful events we wait to learn what will be tho actual situation of these frontier towns. The position of this place is now disconsolate. If we had the cavalry that is now guarding Magdalena here it would be different." 4.fr , -Old Dominion, Globe. From our Globe correspondent we learn that the Old Dominion smelters were a failure upon their first run, as was pre diced bv Mr. Martell, whose able report on that concern we p-iblished nbout one month ago. It is no pleasure for us to chronicle these things, but on the contrary (ho very reverso; however, as a duty to the public we have feit compelled to disclose the works of an eastern ring who have, through unlimited newspaper blowing, been attempting to mislead their readers in relation to this property. Our corres pondent says that both the furnaces "froze" up, and one of the water jackets burned completely out. The superintendent, Bur bridge, is now in San Francisco, arranging to repair furnaces and secure a first class smelter. It is to be honed that he will be successful in both endeavors and that his next trial will be more successful than the first. We append to this what the Boston Economist, of Jan. 7th, had to say about this company : The Old Dominion smelters have started up and are working satisfactorily. It is believed by the friends of the companv that it will rival the Calumet and Hecla as a copper producer, and will yield large amounts of the precious metals.-especiallv gold. Very rich free gold ore has already been discovered, and samples are on ex hibition at the olllco of the company. Intention vs. Head Center. trial of this suit was commenced ! most favorable auspices. A jury of Ip.'n was obtained without difficulty. L'lestlon ot damages was waived, i eimpltties the trial materially. No In Arizona ever brought together so ant an array of legal talent as this. Be Contention there are. Hon. W. M rj, Alexander Cam obeli, and U 91 (rfand Louis JanlnJFoAho lleacf ( wo know of only one, Prof. Jcnney, apllshed and thorough have no superior. Of , to (lie suit present we ?i. JDeane, President of (John Boyd, with I. U. I)nd Mark L. McDonald, pre of Ilead Center. Tho Srial willjio watched with possible, than was that n M. & M. Co. against the Contact Sold. sure we announce to our bf the Contact mine. Alter lient study of the district, i particular, George Hearst the purchase of tills most re'Mrtv. The Drico etated bv fn aBtilon to know is $55,000 ?We believe that Mr. Hearst has ant ?ble bonanza in his purchase, We fiulatc tho gentlemen who had the lot and nerve to tackle n property Jjhich Mr. Gird, the owner, was un- R to risk his money in developing, leir good luck. Tho mmc, la the jff Mr. Hearst, is worth thousands Lousands of dollars to the district. is development will follow that of a timber ol valuable prospects In that llato neighborhood, and tho produc- i of the district will be Immensely fd. Our skepllcal minim: friends "rancisco need no longer hesitate VCMiiig in tombstone property utter tample set them by Mr. Hearst, who Bcessful miner is the peer of them Agent Tiffany, then, can soon make prcpa. rations to receive these Indians again, that Is what is leit.ofthcm when they leave Sonora, and I would add ir he has any more "bad Injuns" there to send thcin aong at once, to take a lesson with' the Indians thut arc now roaming here. Don Carlos Webcrllng, superintendent, ol the Chicago Mining company, who, as I wrote you in my last letter was danger ously wounded by the Indians at El Gal dan, alter hying somo forty-eight hours, died of his wounds. A. C. Hessing, pres ident of the company, lately arrived from Chicago, returned from El Gardan in com pany with Mr. Burns to Oposura, last week, and reports all well thero, and work progressing on the mines, and as soon as the machinery arrives which is now en route, the smelter will be erected. This machinery lclt Oposura on carts on Mom day last. Dr. Stoech, from Hereford, on tho San Pedro, and who formerly ran a copper smeller, there will take Mr. Weber- hug's place as superintendent at El Jar dau. Mr. Hessing, after his brief visit here, left Oposura last Tuesday for Quay mas on business connected with his com pany, and from there will leave for Chid ago. The band of fourteen straggling Indians uom i mentioued in my last and who llled the American by the name of Scott, uawucui, i veuiuie are now sarely at n Carlos, us nothing further has been ffie'ard from the in this region. F. Tho Troops Ambushed. Cumi'as, January 9, 1881. Editor EriTAru : Being unable to for ward the foregoing communication, I send you these further details by Mr. Jackson. who leaves hero this evening. After the Indians had crossed the liver Yaqui, the Sauharipa troops took their trail, when the prefecto handed it over and followed it for but a little distance; and, as I expected it would, soon changed its course from the south to the east di rcction ol the Guaynopa mountains. At a point near Sauharipa the troops overtook the Indians, who laid in ambush for them, and unfortunately for the troops, they fell into it, when a desperate fight tor a few moments took place. The Indians hud all the advantage and could not be dislodged, and the order was given lor the troops to retire. They lost FIVE MKN KILLED and several wounded. Among tho wounded was Don Francis Valencia, ono of the most prominent and influential cit uens of Sauhraipa. The Indians were pursued no further by the troops, and at last accounts had reached Nacorl, the town nearest the Quay, nopa mountains, where they had com mitted somo slight depredations. General Olcio lett Oposura ou Sunday last with the 0th batulllon of regular troops and about 250 of the national guard from this district, for Guaharipa, where he will be joined by 250 more of the national guard from that district. From thcrcjie will proceed to Nacorl, where he will es tablish headquarters. Tho general's plans are well laid, and aro sure to banish the The Postmastershlp. Wo have learned that a move is contem plated which will have the commission of Fred Brooks as postmaster revoked. We hope that no one will attempt to do this thing, and if it is persisted in we shall ex. pose some of the principals. Tribune. An expostion ot tho principles as well as "principals" of the above would result in giving the information a the public that Mr. Brooks has never received u com mission as postmaster of Tombstone. It is true he received an appointment, which was confirmed througti a misapprehension on the part of the senate that a vacany existed. As this was not the case, and as the government was content with the ser vices of Mr. Clum, who, by the way, has never tendered his lesignation, the ap pointment ol Mr. Brooks was a little pie vious. Had It not been for tho above ap parent misunderstanding of the Tribune we would not have alludcd'to the subject, but now that it is made the subject of pub lic comment, we would advise parties signing the petition which is being circu lated in tho interest of Mr. Brooks to read it first, as we understand from a prominent gentleman who was asked but deelined to sign it, that it reflects seriously, and it is needless to say unjustly, upon the present eonduct of the office and is as much of a protest against the retention of Mr. Clum in the position as a petition for the ap pointment of Mr. Brooks. District Court. STILWELL JUDGE. Court convened at 10 o'clock yesterday, when the following business was trans acted: Tho court announced that the calendar of causes' to be heard at the adjourned term of the Supreme court of the territory of Arizona, to be held at Tucson, will be held on or about February C, 1882, und that in view of the fact that the legisla ture failed to make any provision for de fraying the expenses of the adjourned term, the records will be sent to Tucson with an order to collect charges, and that it would be necessary for tho bar to nuko some arrangements lor paying such charges. Upon motion of G. II. Williams, Judge It. S. Mess'.ck ot California was admitted to practice as an attorney before thiscouit. Wm. Herring, attorney for Wm. Clai borne, moved to have the case continued to January 30th ; taken under advisement. Western .Mining company vs. Head Center Mining company Case taken up, and the following jurors sworn in: E.L.Baker, AtJ. Caldwell, W. A. East man, ,. h. Taylor, II. Kingsbury, K. Archer, T. A. Atchison, E. Bullock, Wm. Jones, S. L. Hurt, J. B. Richards. Upon motion of plaintiff, and de fendant consenting, leave was granted by the court to withdraw the cause of action for damages, and upon motion of counsel for plaintiff, and upon the stipulation on flic, and on account of the trausfor of title to the pioperty in con trovcrsy since the commencement of this action from the Western Mining company to the Contention Consolidated Mining company, it was ordered that the said Contention Mining company be substi tuted as plaintiff In the above cause. Too 1'rt'ViouH. According to the ordinance which spec ifies the time at which the old officers of the city shall retire and when the new ones shall take their seats, the second Monday in February seems to be the time for this change. The certificates of elec tion issued to the mayor and council elect are dated from the time above mentioned. Notwithstanding these fads, the mayor and council elect appeared at tho meeting of the council last night and demanded the surrender of the several offices. The old council having completed all their business adjourned sine die, aud the new members stepped into the vacant places re gardless of the fact that their teiru of of fice has not yet commenced, in the Proceedings of the Common Council. F. Tne council met at-7:80o. m.. Acline .Mayor Pridhaiu lu the chair, Preseut, Councilmcn Harwood and Pridham; Cha pin chrk. Minutes of last meeting read and ap proved. The committee on finance leported back the bill of Maishall Williams, which was relencd to the next council. Bill of J. V. Vickeis for $47.50, amount due 6u insurance policy, was ordered paid. The bill of Mr. Slater for $8", toi hang ing and covering the flic bell, was ordered paid. The annual report of city officers for the year 1881 being then in order, Air. Prid ham as mayor pro tem,,submitted the fol lowing report: MAYOR'S HErORT. To the Honorable City Council ot the City of Tombstone: Gentlemen By ar tide 10, section 23, of the city charter ot the city of Tombstone, it is made the duty of tho mayor aud other city officers to pre sent to you at jour second meeting in January of each year, uu unuual rcpoit. In the absence ot .the mayor, I, as mayor pio tern., submit to you the following brief report in compliance with said pro visions of tho charier. The city government came into exis tence under the charter about the middle of March, 1881 The present city govern ment took fiom the village of Tombstone an indebtedness of about $000, which has since been paid. The inauguration ot the government of the city under the charier piesentcd many difficulties. Thcrhuiter being lc,rg, pio lix and confused, its interpietation was difficult. Every branch of the cily gov ernment hud to be provided for, piovisions by oidluunce fixing license lux und for the collection of the s.uno had to be made. Ordinances defining offerees anil lixiug punishments were to be considered and passed. Provision for the custody and care of prisouers was necessary and was provided for. The fire department of the city had to be organized and me appliances provided. All this demanded organization and legis lation, which was met by organization of an engine and a hook and ladder company. und oidiuances were passed providing for ineir government. Engine, hose carts and hose, truck, hooks und ladders, water-mains and by U runts were necessary, and these have been provided, and that too from un empty treasury innerited fnm the village of Tombstone. The debts that have been contracted, now amounting, as per report .ot me city ircasuier, to $13 4UU and in terest, have been contracted in providing for the tire department, in purchasing en gine, hose carts, und equipping the Hook & Ladder company und piovulingu building for the same; also in the purchase of ne cessary leal estate for city purposes. Tho expense ol the ordinary city govern ment have bten paid by about half the re ceipts from license tux, aud I can safely say that if the lutuie administration of the government1 is conducted with like econ omy that it will scarcely be necessary to levy other than the ordinary license tax now provided for by oidinancu for the carrying on of thu city government, The peace of the cily lor nine months of the vear just past h.is been remarkable, in that no grave cr.mes ef any kind have been committed wjlhin its borders. Life aud pioperty of all law-abiding persons have been as safe as in cities in.oliler com. munilies. ' The duties of all officers have been faith fully attended to, and you caa surrender t.ie city government to vour successors w lib u clean record lu every branch of tho city government. Fur the condition of the cilv fiuances I respecttully icier to the several monthly aud tho present annual teport of the city treasurer, und will onl; add" that it up. pears from this report that ilie city debt is $00.(0, with funds in hand to meet the same to the amount of $08:3.47. For the expenses of the city during the past year and the items thereof I make ivierence to the icport of the auditor. For the condition of the recoider's court, the number of in rests made, tlib olfences charged and how disposed of, the penalties inflicted and amount ol fines and lrom whom collected, I muke reference to the monthly and unuual repoit of the city recorder. I would respectfully call attention of the incoming city administiution to the outstanding city warrant issued in pay ment of tiro appliances, to wit, warrant v.. On I.i : i . :. aw. uu, iavuuio iu iweive moutns irom date of being issued, and would recom mend thut provision be made lor setting aside lunds to pay for the same in u sepaiatc tund to be kuown as the tire de partment tund. I would also recommend to them thut they make provisions for the co.lection ot peisoual property tax by tho assessor at .the time such property is assessed. This could not be done iu the past year, for the reason that theie had been no precedent lux year or levy upon which' personal pioperty tax could be collected at the time of the assessment. You have served the city without pay in the bmdensome duty of organizing it- government. You have had a great umount of work t- do of which your sue cessors will be fieed, and, considering the difficulties under which you have had to work, you have done your duty, as I con ceive, well. Below I eive it list of citv nronertv. all of which has been puichused during the past year. Not expecting that Mayor-elect Clum would be absent fiom the citv 'it this time, und having no thought thut I should be culled upon to make up this report, I have not been able to give it tho time and at tention that it ought to have. I urn, very respecttully, Geouge Piudiiam, Acting Mayor. sury over nnd above indebtedness of $083.47. The, result of the labors, of the present council may,! summed up as.follows: April 23, 1881, they had Clear and un disputed title to an indcbledness of $1538.43" Ouly this and nothing more," January 16, 1882, they hold property costing over $7300aud nearly $1000 sur plus lunds. Witii congratulations to the- prescn.t ad ministration upon the successful issue of their lubors, and with thanks for the uni form courtesy with which I have been ireuted in my official relations with the same, I am, very respectfully, S. B. Chapin, City Auditor. It was ordered that the bonds ol the Incoming officers be lefcrred to the next council, A communication from II. F. Price, city assessor, asking relief from his bond, was received. The council decided that they could grant no relief. On motion the council, at 8 05 p. m., adjourned. A special meeting of the council was convened at 8.15 p. m. Present, acting Aluyor Pridham, couucilmen Harwood and Tribolet. S. B. Chapln, clerk. Mr. Harwood moved that the council adjourn sine die. Carried. THE NEW COUNCIL. Mr. Carr, the mayor elect, took the chair and requested that the members elect of the common council would step forward. The council was called to order. Present, councllmen Thomas, Atchison, Dean und Nosh ; Chopin, clerk. Organization being thc-order of business, the council proceeded to elect a clerk and city auditor. Messrs Chapin, Fickas and Quigley, were nominated, and on the fourth ballot, which was decided by the mayor, B. C. Quigley was elected. On motion, Mr. Carr was elected presi dent of the council. Mr. Chapin was requested to act as clerk for the remainder ot the evening. Tho mayor handed a written address for the clerk m read. On motion, it was ordered that all of fleers who have not filed their bonds be instructed to tile the "same at the next reg ular meeting. Ou motion, the city attorney was sent for to decide some legal points. Mr. Cuddy made a little harangue and was called to order. Tho city attorney gave it as his opinion that this council has no right to act in the capacity of council until the second Mon dayin February. Adjourned until to-morrow at 7 p. m. citv ritorciiTV. Office furniture und records for use of city officers. House und lot on Fourth stieet for use of Hook &Liddcr company, ilouk & Ladder tiuck und apparatus. One hie engine. Two hose cans. One thou sand feet hose Ten hydiunts Police equipments. Two lots on Allen street, costing neatly $7,500. The reports ol tax collector, city rc- couler nud chief of police weie received. Iho rcpoit of the cily auditor isas follows: auditou's nr.ro ut. Gentlemen I have the honor to mesent lictewith my annual leport, embracing a period lrom April 23, 1881, to date. At the time ot my appointment, April 0, 1881, the office was without lecoid books, office furniiUie, stationeiy, und all else necessary for the proper peiloimance of the duties ot tlie office, and it was two weeks before I was able to transact business properly; but since April 23, a cuiciul and systematic record has been kept of all business trans actions. On Apul 23, when my books were open- eu, mere us in me general ninu me sum of $54 21, and there has since been depos ited in said luud the sum of $10,770 01, iimk ing a total ot $10,830 23. There was trans ferred to bulry luud, by older of 'he coun cil, Dec. 0, 1881,.the sum of tji200, leaving the general fund lesponsiblofor the sum of $10,570 22. ,.. Ou tho 17th of September Ihe'oulinancc establishing a salaiy fund went into eflect, since which there "has been depositee in said fund the sum of $5,222.17, making total receipts to date $21,70239., The indebtedness undei taken by the pre sent council wds $1,53843. Warrants audited and oidcred paid, $10,130 19. Ac crued In ti lest to dale $14030; making gross Indebtedness undertaken und in curred, $20,808 05. Lcavini: rash in trea. A'CW MEXICO AXV AHIZO.MA. Senator Ingdlls, of Kansas, lias in troduced a bill "to enable the people of New Mexico to form a constitu tion and state government, and for its admission as a state into the un ion." There are several reasons why New Mexico as at present or ganized should not be-admitted into the Union. It has not sufficient pop ulation. According to the last cen sus there were but 119.2G5 persons in the territory, including 10.00D In dians and half-breeds. 'J he rate of growth is slow. New Mexico has been open for settlement 250 years. Santa Fe is one of the oldest towns in North America, and has been the capital of New Mexico since 1640 If there had been any capacity in the soil for sustaining a large population, New Mexico would have been thickly settled long ago. Moreover, the character of the population is not satisfactory. It is largely made up of "Greaser" Mexicans, mongrels, half-breeds, none of whom speak English, cow-boys, and a roving c'ass of adventurers who have no fixed habitations. The scanty mining pop ulation may not be permanent. It cannot, at any rate, be depended on as an element of stability in a new state. New Mexico and Arizona ought to be consolidated. They wore formerly parts of ono territory. The reason for their division was tho want of means of communication between them and the alleged hardship of compelling residents in the western half to make tho toilsome iournev over the sterile plains to tho seat of government in Santa Fe. But this reason for separation has now been removed. There are, or soon will be, three great lines of railway traversing Nevy Mexico and Arizona from side to side. The journey from almost any part of Arizona to Albuqurque, which pught to be the new capital, will be less difficult than to Tucson. The two territories together would only have sufficient population for a state. The last census gives the pop lation of each as follows: Arizona 40,441 New Mexico 119,505 Total 160,016 There are in Arizona 5,000 Chi nese, Indians and half-breeds, and in Now Mexico, 10,000 half breeds and Indians, leaving an effective whi'e population in the two territor ies of 145,000, more than 100,000 of whom are ignorant, superstitious Greasers, who know nothing ot our language, literature, Iaws,customs, or civilization. The area of the two territories is very large. Arizona has 113.910 square miles, and New Mexico has 121,201 square miles. If they should be consolidated and admitted as one state the area would be 235,117 square mues. inis would Da nearly as much as Texas, but its agricul tural resources would not be one tenth as great. Its power to sustain population will ever be limited to a few valleys susceptible of irrigation and whatever minerals may be found worth working. lliero would bo grave objections to making any new state of such vast dimensions, if all of its soil, or any proportion of it, were fertile. Hut most of New Mexico and Arizona is utterly worthless. It has strips of good lands in tho valleys and along the river courses, but tho high lauds are waterless, treeless, rainless des erts. The Southern Pacifio railroad runs for hundreds of miles through desolate, sandy plains, which are but little better than a desert. Eastern New Mexico is a continuation of tho worthless "Staked Plains" of Texas; and, w.esteri Arizona, is,a mountain-. ousegionana win never ne woryi anything for agriculture. There is not, a state between the Allegheny und.Rocky mountains that has not the capacity, to sustain a far larger population than New Mexico and Arizona ow have nor ever will have. These territories should be consoli; adted and admitted some time here after as one state. It would be a gross injustice to thirty states iu the union to admit them as two states; and their poor and scanty population are unable to support the serious cost of state government. One "rotten borough" state like Nevada from the arid mountain country of tho far West is enough. Chicago Tribune. That a public journal having the stauding of the Tribune should advo cate the consolidation of tho two leading territories of the " United States and should indorse that ad vocacy in such unjust criticism as the above editorial, displays an ig norance of the country that is, to say the least, deplorable. That nei ther one of these territories is at pre sent entitled to apply for state ad mission is no evidence that they will not in time take front rank amomrst their Western sisters. The state ment that "the rate of growth is slow," in the face of the advance ment of the past two years, is absurd ly false. On the contrary, consider ing the disadvantage of distance from the money centers under which Ari zona has labored, and the expense niai auacnes to immigration, our growth has been marvelously rapid,. Although the annual hullion product of this territory is already counted by the millions, its metallic respurces are so vast, and new finds of im mense" value are so rapid, that its treasures aro yet a hidden enigma that can only be upraveled by devel opment. But there is little need to call at tention to Arizona's mineral wealth, as the constantly increasing bullion product speaks for itself. According to departmental esti mate made some years ago Arizona contains about 73,000,000 acres of land, over 5,000;000 o( which has been surveyed. The general charac ter of the topography, soil, propor tion of arable land, productions, pas turage, mineral, timber, water, etc.; is the- same as that of Colorado, Utah, Nevada and Idaho. There are three marked divisions of surface, land in Arizona, viz., valley, moun tain and mesa, their areas rating in the order given. The following ta ble, embracing the principal valleys, will give an idea of the ampunt of. productive land, most of which still remains unsettled: ' Miles In length. Gila valley 400 Salt River 60 Little Colorado 100 Verde 135 San Simon 100 Sulphur Spring and Arivaipa 145 Ban Pedro 150 Santa Cruz 100 making a total of valley land of 1190, miles in length, to say nothing of small valleys such as the Sonoita, Babacomari, Cienega and numerous others. Of the abov.c the Gila for a longdistance has an arable width of from four to six miles; the Salt Riv er lrom one to twenty, .Little Colo rado, an average of five; the Ver'de valley, from one to two; San Pedro, of at least one, and the Santa Ctuz a like width. The Sulphur Spring, San Simon and Arivaipa have no streams flowing through them, but with deep plowing would give im mense crops. These valleys as well as their tributary mesa and moun tain land are covered with rich grass on which stock fatten the year round. While the climate of Arizona is as varied as that of California, every thing that is produced in the tem perate zone as well as many things of the tropic, can be successfully grown. With three railroads cross ing the lerritory' the development and settlement of the past two years will be proportionately increased, the hamlets of to-day will be vig orous towns and our valleys in time team with thnftv ranches. TELEGRAPHIC. Ueiif ral Cnrr I'nder Arrest. Chicago, Jan. 1C Special from Washington: A letter has been re ceived'by nn army officer in this city from General Carr, in which the lat. ter states that h? is under arrest and been ordered to Fort Grant for trial. Nothing is known luJre of the causes which led to placing General Carr under arrest except that they grew out of the Apache troubles last sum mer. . The order for arrest was issued by General Willcox, commander of the department of Arizona. Hoovllle Addresses the Jury. Washington, Jan. 10. As soon as the court formally opened Scoville addressed the jury by confessing his unfamiliarity with the modes of practice in criminal case,s. All the defense asked for was a fair, candid, impartial weighing of the evidence by fair and .candid men.. Counsel would attempt no oratory, because he was not equal to it and because he would not do it if he could; he would address. himself simply to the reason, judgment.and intellect of the jury. Oratory, eloquence and appeals of passion he would leave for the coun sel who would follow him, Judge Porter, and he desired to warn them that in the efforts of the learned counsel to expound the law and ex. plain the evidence he would invar-'. iably seek to iufluence tbem through their emotions, to touch their hearts and sway their sympathies rather than convince their judgment. t After recess Scoville resumed his argument, which continued until the hour of adjournment. Guitenu'M Speech. Washington, Jan. 16. Guiteau was apparently in the best of spirits this morning, when a reporter of the Associated Press called at the jail. " I have, decided, not to sell my speech for money," he remarked, ' but give it tho widest possible cir culation through tho Associated Press." Guiteau has. furnished the press with his speech. It is simply one of his characteristic harangues, in which is advanced his very erratic theory of insanity, and a repetition of tho statement that the deed was commit ted by inspiration. . Leasing Public JUamts. New York, Jan. 1G. Herald's Washington special: Bel ford will in troduce in the house to-morrow a bill to provide for the leasing of pub lic lands in Colorado, in tracts of 5000 acres to any person, for periods not exceeding twenty years. The bill is intended to prevent the further donations of public lands to corpora tions, aud for the encouraging and protection of the business of raising cattle and she'ep. Cabinet Ilunicrs. Ne.w Youk, Jan. 1G. Herald's Washington special: Well informed persons say to-day that the president will not make any new cabinet ap pointments for some time to come if at all; that n. names have been de termined upon. Graphic's Washington special: Despite frequent predictions to the contrary, it is settled beyond ques tion that Sargent will be made sec retary of the interior. The Itlundcrins Urakenian. Nkvv York, Jan. 1G. Charles Me line, the brakeman accused of being "the cause of the Spuy ten Duyfel rail road accident, was arraigned before the coroner to-day and admitted to bail in $5,000, pending the inquest. Civilized Sioux. New York, Jan. 16. Tribune's Washington special: A memorial from some of the chiof men of the Sissiton Sioux of Dakota, which will be pre resented, to congress to-day, sets forth the advance made by the tribe in civilization, and asks that ihey may have lands granted to them in severalty and that they be treated with common fairness and honesty. Hining .Votes. Kiom the Citizen. Tho miners on tho west side of the Patagonias are exultant over the prospect of a custom smelter to be built on the Sonoita. Dos Cabezas has every indication of an early boom. The mipes Iook well and capital is beginning to scent them from afar. Big things are expected from the mines now being opened in the south enu ot the iluachucas. the ore bodies are very large and the assays "away up," in copper, silver and gold. " The Oxford-Dover Silver Mining company has been incorporated in Albany, New York, with a capital of $1,000,000, to do business in Pinal county, Arizona. Coi.. C. A. Clute, superintendent of the Aycr Camp mines, in tho Chi racahua mountains, arrived in the city last evening. He reports that improvements are going on rapidly there. The roads are all built to the smelter and mines, and they have a 20-ton smelter on the grouna- which is in process of erection. A Despalrlnc Lover's Deed. San Francisco, Jan. 1G. On Sat urday night Fleta, the seventeen- year old daughter of Col. L. O. Gilr lespie, living near Lodi, San Joa quin county, was shot in the neck by Thomas Lyden. The wound is prob ably fatal. The assassin fired through a window. The body of Lyden was found the next morning in a hay stack, he having committed suicide. He hd been employed on the farm by Gillespie, but was discharged on account of pressing his attentions up on Miss Gillespie. Kallroad Accident. Guicago, Jan. 1G. According to mail advices from Lacrosse, Wis., a night train on the Milwaukee-and St. Paul railroad, while on the bridge across the Mississippi, was run into by a freight train. The second span of the bridge gave way, precipitating five loaded freight cars into tho river. The freight all belonged to ihe rail road company. Nobody was killed. Damage to trains and bridge $400,-000.