VOIr. I1I.-N0. 41.
TOMBSTONE. COCHtSE COUNTY, ARIZONA, APRIL 17, 1882.
FIVE DOLLARS A YEAR.
TOMBSTONE, ARIZONA. AritII.17, IS8.J.
This Pago is from the Daily
of Saturday, April 15.
CIIUCD ODE-Afino'l'ec'mcnof Tombstone
ulLlLII UflL allvtr ore sent by niall pottpald
on teccTil or $4 lor one ycr' aubacrlpilon to tbn
Tvmbutone Epitaph. Addrcof Kpltapb Printing
ana raDiioDiog vo., ToniDsione, Arizona.
WEEKLY MINING REPORT.
Rich Developments in the
JUaat Cham re In Tnrquols Turnlue; Out
"Were people as easily satisfied with
profits in silver us they are in gold ruining
then we might hope for Tombstone district
to eventually become the scat of the largest
mining industry on the continent. About
ten years ago English companies bought
the Sierra Buttcs mine, in Sierra county
California, and the Eureka mine, in
Plumas county, paying an even million of
dollars for the latter. They have been
-working them with the most satisfactory re
sults, to themselves, ever since. The returns
have been very low on the investment for
.mining property probably not averaging
uver ten per cent per annum, one year
with another, and jet, with this the
owners are content. The produc
tion of the Sierra Uuttes for February
last was 24,373, and the total work-
ing expenses were 17,0U3, leaving a
-surplus of $0,440. At this rate of working
Hhe gross profits will not exceed $80,000
or 8 per cent on a capital of one milliou.
Tlirau, Eureka, gavo a total yield of $20,.
'WSftytotal cost of ?18,310, leaving a
surplus' $7,752. This same raet continued
for the year would give between ninety
and one hundred thousand dollars or
about 10 per cent on one million capital.
Now it is safe to say that there are dozens
of mines in Tombstone district that, were
:they opened and worked with anything
'dike the Bjstera and with the appliances
that contribute to mako the Sierra Buttcs
and Eureka mines paying investments,
that could be made to do even better than
those mines are doing. Untortunately
people who invest in silver mines are not
so easily satisfied with a low rate ol divi
dends as they are in gold mines. Why
thit should be so we arc not able, to under.
Hand. Take the history of gold quartz
mining and it has never shown anything
lifct.jo-goo.d a rrf5jd as 6llver mining,
ane yet people will content themselves
with ;a much smaller return upon their
The Flora .Morrison shaft is down 32
ltet below the C00 level ; are making good
progress. The winze from the 329 foot
level is down about 100 feet, showing a
high, grade ore on the bottom. The stopes
on toe 220 and 329 oot levels are looking
well. The rjre shipped to the mill contin
i ua to show the same high grade as that
worked for thejast month, and tho output
for April 'will bo as good as for March.
Dividend No. 3 has been declared of 25
cents per share, aggregating $02,500, maK
: ing a total" for the new incorporation of
Tombstone 31. & M. Co.
' Tho machinery afthe new incline Coin-
' blnation shaft will be in place and running
on Monday next. The shaft is down 120
' feet, the last 40 feet being all the way in
ore. Tlie'various mines of the company
are looking and yielding as well as here
tofore. The East Side lias a 3 foot vein of
ore, but not of u notably high grade. The
.prospects are very good for this to develop
into a good mine. They shipped on tho
13th instant, 7 bars of bullion, weighing
i451 pounds, Valued at $17,220.
The crosscut from tho COO loot level, new
baft, is making ' slow progress, owing to
the hardness of the rock, it now being in
about 80 feet. The 300 foot level, old
works, continues to develop rich and
Wrong bodies of ore in the west lateral.
The winze sinking on the lateral ore body
is down 28 feet In good ore. Usual amount
of ore being raised and sent forward to the
Banker' Hill tio4 Samaritan Lode
Still sinking tho main shaft, at the sumc
time drifting south on the ledge on the 180
foot level, with 'improvements in both
Copper Queen Tllxbee.
Everything in and about tho mines and
smelters, working ulong as usual. The
producer March was 691,181 pounds of
copper, which at the present market price
is equivalent to 120,G88, out of which the
regular dividend of $25,000 will bo paid.
Output of copper for first two days of
April was 53,000 pounds.
From Mr. Berry, who returned from
there a few days ago, it has been learned
that the Ounsight continues to improve
with depth; that tho pay vein is steadily
widening, and the grade of the ore contin
ues quite as rich. It is reported that an
offer has been made by the Blue Stone
works to reduce the ore, giving tho owners
the full value of the gold and silver, they
'taking the copper .for their pay for work--irg
the ore. This will put the mine on a
dividend basis at once, as the assay valuo
of the gold and silver is from $200 to $400
Last Chance Turquol.
The mine waB looking better yesterday
than at any former lime. The works were
all in rich ore. Mr. Hearst was out to sco it
oa Thursday lat, and It is reported that he
ered $7,500 lor one quarter of the mine,
the owner, Mr. J. D. Power, asked
Whether the sale will bo made
Lean not be said at this time.
Tho developments in this mine for tho
last week have been most remarkable
They are sinking u winze on tho 150 level,
north drift, in which at 10 feot down they
have 4 feet of solid ore that averages over
$100 per ton. In tho south drift, 150 foot
level, aio raising up, being now up about
0 feet, having a 3 foot vein of carbonate
that assays (bucket samples), silver $80.42,
gold $15.07; total $101.49. On the 90 loot
level they are drifting in good ore, the vein
being nearly or quite the full width of the
diift. Tlie main shaft is being usnk down
for another level as rapidly as possible.
The prospects lor this mine arc first-class,
and we shall not be surprised if it turn out
better than the Iugersoll, or equal to any
thing in the district.
The mine is looking tine, and the former
high grade oro continues to be raited to
thosuifacc. Have shipped about 400 tons
to tho mill, of which about 800 tons havo
been worked, with . satisfactory results to
tho owners. We expect lojcbronicle at the
cud of tho month the largest cleanup ever
mado in the district from so Jarge air
amount of oro. This is saying a good
South drift 400 foot level is now in 53
feet. Tho country rock has changed to n
most promising nature, it being porphyry,
lime and quarts, with some black spar,
which in the other levels and other parts
of tho miue havo been sure precursors of
ore. North drift same level in 22 feet.
West drift 100 Toot level is in 71 feet. North
drift from intermediate drift is in 33 feet.
Drift at the Yrrka is now in 11 feet.
Reports from this district continue to
come in favorable. The shaft on tho Grand
View mine is down 55 feet, having passed
through two veins of ore, which were
pitching to the east. The veins wcic each
about 5 feet thick. The bottom of the
shaft is now in another ore body. Another
shaft now down 10 feet is all in ore. On
tho Antelope and Mammoth good ore is
being raised, and the Philadelphia, Crazy
Jane, Parnell, Saginaw and Ophir all have
good prospects. Messrs. Hearst and Solo,
mon will start for Winchester to-morrow
if nothing happens to prevent.
Nerved Hlru Itlslit.
On the 13th inst. (yesterday) Deputy
ShcrifT J. B. Ludwig, of Contention, ar
rested Jacob Fisher, alias " Big Jake," for
being drunk and disorderly, and took him
before the justice where ho was convicted
and sentenced to thirty days in tho county
jail. Mr. Ludwig. delivered him safely
at the county hotel this forenoon and
turned him over to mine host, Mr. Soule.
The circumstances are briefly these. For
a long time, now, this fellow has been ac
customed to getting drunk and flourish
ing his pistol around promiscuously to the
great danger ol tho lives of respectable
people. The deputy sheriff has Upon sev
eral occasions disarmed him to prevent
danger. Yesterday he heard a child
screaming in great frtght, and went out and
saw Big Jako holding up one about six or
seven years old, flourishing n big knife
threatening to cut oil tho child's car. He
arrested tho fellow with the after results
above related. Mr. Ludwig is to be com.
mended as a faithful officer for bringing
this fellow to n just and deserved punish
A FEARFUL ACCIDENT.
Gcorsro E. AVhitchor Hurled to
tho liottom of u Shaft.
On the Jtussell 3Ime and Probably
Last night about 12 o'oclock, Mr. C. J.
Barber arrived in town with the sud news
that Mr. George E. Whitcber had met
with a serious if not fatal accident at the
Russell mine, near Dragoon Summit.
Before leaving lie sent a telegram to Mr.
G W. Buford sayiug: "Tell Whitcher
his brother is hurt and not expected to
live; come to Dragoon Summit at once."
Unfortunately the dispatch wts not re
ceived until 8:30 last evening and was not
delivered until this morning, then Mr.
Buford had to go down to the Silver Eagle
mine, about two and a half miles below
town, to tlnd Mr. John Whitcher, tho
brother of the wounded man. This fore
noon Mr. Bufoid took Dr. Greer into his
buggy and started for the mine and soon
alter John Whitcher took a team and ap
pliances to bring his brother into town
if possible to moc him.
The accident happened as follows: They
had jnst got tho hoisting works completed
at the Russell mine, with the exception of
a proper splice on tho wire cable which
was to run tho cage. In order to test the
running capacity of the cage, etc., the en
gineer imulo a temporary hitch of the
cablo to tho cage, which ho sent down the
incline once, after which he had the car
put upon tho cage to sec if it would go
down aud clear the timbers. There were
several standing aiound watching the
trials, and among tho number, Mr.
Whitcher, who, w itli tho carpenter, stepped
upon tho cigc in front of the car just as
the engineer made an effort to lower it.
The engine had stopped on the center, and
it dut not start as expected, but when it
did go it went with a jerk, which, with the
added weight of the two men, caused the
fastening of the cable to give way, letting
the cur pluuge madly down the" incline,
which has an angle of about 50 degrees.
The carpenter fell off at tho second set of
timbers and escaped with a few biuises,
but the less fortunato man went along
down about half the length of the incline,
when the cage jumped the track and
pitched him head foremost to the bottom,
where he was found in an inbeuslblu con
dition, tho only wonder being that he was
not dead, and mashed into a jelly. As it
was his head was fearfully cut, but
whether his skull was fractured they could
not tell. Mr. Barber says that they could
not discover that any of his limbj were
broken. The car knocked the timbers out
of the tunnel, and the whole concern, cage,
car and timbers tell in a confused mass,
entirely closing the incline. Those
seeing the accident went down a shaft
that connected with the bottom workings
of tho mine, and took the unfoitunate suf
ferer up that way. Mr. Barber gives no
encouragement to hope for his recovery.
The unfortunate man has many warm
friends in Tombstone, and a father, mother
and sisters in Oakland, California, who
w ill be nearly heartbroken at tho sad oc
Since writing the above, word has been
received that George Whitcher is dead.
Mhcrlrr Law Superceding Judicial
haw in Arizona.
'Crowners" law is a nevcreriding sub-
ject for mirth on the part of those who
understand the first rudiments of judicial
law, and at the rato the sheriff of CocliisoJ
county is going on shenll lawwill soon be,
as great a subject of ridicule. 'Since the
important event of a warrant for the ar
rest of tho Earp party having been placed
in his hands by. Sheriff Paul, of Pima
county, and the walking away of the par
tics from under tho very nose of tho shcrill
he imagines that every man who is
not a personal enemy of the
Earps, who happens to leave town in a
direction towards where they were last
seen, is going to their succor and support,
and ho at once exerts himself to intercept
the person who is so unfortunate as to in
cur his suspicion. Yesterday afternoon
Louis Cooley left town on tho Contention
stage, on business for Wells, Fargo & Co.,
going to Benson, where he met J . J. Val
entine, Esq., general superintendent of the
company, who forwarded him in their own
car to Wilfcox, where he was to complete
his business. Much to Mr. Cooley's sur
prise, upon arriving at Willcox, he was
met by Sheriff Behun in person, who de
manded his unconditional surrender. Mr
Cooley asked to sec the warrant for his
arrest, but the sheriff failed to produce
There was no resistance no array of
Winchester or revolvers pointed at the
executive officer of the county by Lou so
he was sadly turned over to the ctstody of
the Willcox deputy, with instructions not
to allow him to hold intercourse with any
one until he was safely landed in Tomb
stone. Upon arrival in Tombstone Mr-
Cooly employed Hon. Win. Herring as
counsel, and went before Justice Wells
Spicer and demanded a hearing. Here,
upon the demand of Mr. Herring, the war-
rant wai first produced, which was as fol-
Territory ef Arizona, )
County ol uocnisc, j
To the sheriff, constable, marshal, or po
liccman in this territory. Complaint upon
oath having been this day made before me.
a justice of the peace in and for the above
county, by John II. Behan, that tho offense
of aiding and abetting the Earps and party
has been committed, aud accusing Louis
Cooley thereof. Yt u are therefore com
munded by the Territory of Arizona forth
with to arrest tho above named Louis
Cooley and bring him before tho nearest
and most accessible magistrate within this
county. Given under my hand this 14ih
day of April. A. D. 1882.
A. E. Fat, Justice of tho Peace
for said County.
The warrant was a great source of sur
prise not to say mcrrimct, to all the par
ties concerned tho court, attorney nnd
prisoner. It will bo seen that the charge
is most formidable, no less in fact than
"aiding and abetting tho Earps and
party" of what? That's the question
tho court had to wrestle with. Judge Spicer,
after mature consideration came to the
conclusion that tho chaigc did not come
within his jurisd'etion, therefore, dis
charged the prisoner. Any man with a
grain of common sense will see that the
an est nnd detention of American citizens
upon such fuvolous charges puts every
man at the mercy of an officer who has
any animosity or ill-will towards him. In
order to set a wholesome example to the
public officers a suit for damages will be
forthwith brought against the sheriff, and
it will be prosecuted to the end of the law
that such an example may be set that
peaceable and lawabiding citizens will
not henceforth be arrested and detained
when on their own or Othe peoples legiti
From Mr, C. W. Pinkham, who re
turned from Las Deliclaa and Arispc,
Souora, this morning, with his semi
monthly 6tage, It is learned that the Thorn
dike paily were at Las Delicias last Mon
day, all well, for which event their friends
are duly grateful. The St. Helena com
pany made an important strike last Satur
day, cutting a body of oro that shows free
gold throughout. The superintendent,
Mr. E. E. Olcott, has started a three com
partment shaft, which will be sunk from
400 to 500 feet deep, as rapidly as possible.
He met Mr. P. W. Smith at Arizpe, on his
way to Las Delicias. Captain Ogden and
Mr. Woinblc were met about twenty miles
this side of Bacuuchi, on their way to Bus
ochuca. Yesterday Mr. Pinkham met
about thirty meri on their way into
Sonora. He brought up only two passen
gers on this trip. The mines along the
Sonora river are all reported in a prosper,
ous way, with no special developments
since his lust trip up.
The distinguished Colonel A. G. P.
George was arrested jesterday on com.
plaint of C. II. Brickwedell for using pro
fane and indecent language. On being
arraigned before Judge Wallace, the de.
leudaut, after considerable flllibustering
demanded a jury trial, whcicupori the
court required a bond in the sum of $50
until tho jury wcru summoned, and tho
Colonel, not having the cash, was com
pelled to take a scat behind the bars.
After due trial the jury returned a verdict
of guilty, and tho court imposed a lino ot
$15 and costs or fifteen days in the county
I'roceeillns of the Common Council.
The bpecial session of the city council
was convened at 7 o'clock last evening.
All members present with Mr. Carr in the
chair, and B. C. Quiglcy-clcrk.
This meeting being for the purpose of
considering tho title to city lots and the
patent granted to Jas. S. Clark and others,
the mayor said ho trusted the council
would take some action that would have a
tendency to settle tho much agitated ques
tion. Messrs. Clark) Berry and Dibble being
presscnt, it was suggested that the tuwnsito
patent might be shown and explained to
Judge Berry entcicd into a lengthy law
argument to demonstrate tho legality of
the town companj's right in the premises.
II. C. Dibble followed with a speech in the
lltoolved, That the mayor be requested
a picsent a copy of 'the townsite patent to
'the city attorney for his examination, and
that lie bo directed to picsent to tho coun
cil at its next meeting an opinion us to the
advisability of instituting suit ' test tho
.rights of the city against the, Townsite
company, or as UJabandonlng tho.contest;
also, that the mayor appoint a committee
of three to confer with the city attorney,
whose duty it will bd also to ascertain how
the necessary means can bo raised by the
city or citizens, or both, to conduct and
carry on litigation through the courts, and
employ eminent counsel, that the matter
may be carried to a final issue.
The following resolution was offered by
"Kesolvod, That whereas, J. D. House,
Clark and others have commenced an ac
tion against John P. Glum, as mayor of
Tombstone, seeking to perpetually enjoin
him from conveying to any person certain
lots in the City of Tombstone, and said
John P. Clum has answered in said action
and the same is now pending, now, there
fore, John Carr as mayor ot this city and
successor in office of said John P. Clum,
and the trustees of said lots, is hereby re
quested, auteorzed and empowered, to in
tervene in said action in such manner as
to protect tho rights ot the city and its in
habitants against the claims of the plain
tiffs in said action ; and it is further
Resolved, That the city of Tombstone
will also intervene in said action as guar
dians of tho trust of said lots in further
ance of such protection.
The council, however, refused to adopt
the resolution and then adjoined.
The school board ot this district have
decided to levy an assessment of $10,000
for the benefit ol the public schools.
Messrs. George Hearst and II. Solomon
will leave in the morning to inspect their
bonanza in the Winchester district.
Tho amount of freight which has ar
rived in town during the past few days
has been immense. Last night the stages
came in crowded, too.
TriE bullion shipment for the Tombstone
M. & M. Co., by Wells, Fargo & Co.'s ex.
press, was three bars weighing 590 pounds
and valued at $3,050, and for the Girard
M. & M. Co , two bars weighing 300
pounds having a total valuation of ?!,.
Mn. A. Swaiitz has opened a first-class
shocmaking and repairing estabiisment on
Fourth 6treet, next the New Orleans Res
tautant. The gentleman Is a stranger
haying just arrived from San Francisco,
but being an accomplished workman ho
ffill certainlyfjccure a liberal share of the
Messrs Joseph II. Beare and M. II. Smith
returned from Winchester district yester
day. Mr. Beare is the fortunate owner of
one-half interest in the Parntll and Crazy
Jane mines, which are'showing up equal
to any in the district. He has had an of.
fer of a large advance on what he paid for
his interest in tho mines, but leels too san
guine of having a bonanza to sell at any
As jet the tax collector has sold but sev
enteen dog tags, hence theie must be a
good many miserable curs running about
town that ought to be caught up. A com.
mitlce was last night appointed by tho
council to provido a pound at an expense
not to exceed $100. This is the third
time they have been all ready. It will
take only about once morcjto fail.
It will be seen by the resolution passed
at the meeting of the council last night,
that body propose to inquire into the va
lidity of Clark's patent to the townsite
an-! the city's right to the land. If they
find he has no substantial claim to the
same the council will proceed to exact
their own property if it can be done with,
out incurring loo great an expense.
In accordance with the resolution adop
ted at tho republican mass convention,
that the chairman of that meeting should
appoint, within one week, a committee of
five to select a committee of fifteen from the
citizens of Tombstone who shall represent
this city in the republican convention.
Mr. Carr has named the following five
gentlemen: First waul, L. U. Winans;
second ward, A. L. Grow; third ward, T.
A. Atchison; fourth ward, Robert Hatch,
and at large, A. II. Stebbins.
The great banking house of this city
and Tucson, known as Saffbrd, Hudson &
Co. has seen fit since the retirement of ex
Governor Safford from the firm to change
their business title to Hudson & Co. Mr.
Saflbid withdrew from the business some
time ngn, on account of other occupations
which demanded his attention. Mr.Jamcs
II. Toole and Charles Hudson, Esq., aio
tho heads of the house, and will continuo
their b'ltiking business upon the same
honorable basis as has heretofore charac
terized their dealings. Nothing that can
be said will add to the great confidence
already placed in this house. The higli
esteem in which they are held among the
business men of this city is indeed envia
ble. Mr. M. B. Clapp has been connected
with the bank in Tombstone as cashier
aiucc the establishment of a branch house
here, and lias won a marked popularity us
a courteous gentleman of real worth. Their
lau-dness w ill be as eminently successful In
the future m it has been in the past.
Special DUpatchca to the Epitaph.
Superintendent ot the Man Francisco
Washington, April 13. The Na
tional Republican to-day makes com
plimentary editorial mention of the
nomination of Edward F. Burton as
superintendent of tho San Francisco
mint. After reforring to the fact
that he was, in the early days of Cali
fornia, a state senator from Nevada
county, and that he held a prominent
position in the New York custom
house during General Arthur's ad
ministration as collector, it says ho is
a man of first-class qualifications, a
strong republican, and an able and
honest man. The appointment, as
will be inferred from the foregoing
paragraph, was made by President
Arthur upon grounds of old-time
Suspiciously Intimate With Ills Wife.
NArA, Cal., April .15. Last night
W. S. Lock wood, a stable keeper,
was shot and instantly killed by ox
Sheriff John F. Zollner. Zollner
was walking up Main street with J.
McGee, and on recognizing Look
wood he said, "Here is the man I am,
looking for," leveled a navy revolver
and nred. The ball went clean
through his head. Zollner gave him
self up. Lockwood has been suspi
ciously intimate with the wife of
The President at Fortress Monro.
Fortress Monroe, Va., April 13.
The president and party arrived
to-day and inspected tho soldiers'
home and Hampton Normal & Agri
cultural school for Indians. An in
formal reception was hold at the
hotel, and at 5 o'clock the party left
New York, April 13. Washing
ton specials say tho republican cau
cus of the house to-morrow is for the
purpose of serving notice for the
presonce of the thirty republican
members now absent, as the demo
crats are able to dictate the course
of the house on the tariff and Chinese
bills and contested election cases.
Connecticut Liquor Law.
Hartford, Conn., April 14. Both
branches of the legislature have
passed a bill restraining tho traffic in
liquors, and that the present local
option system shall be retained. t
Wasuington, April 15. The
mystery of Captain Howgate's
escape is not revealed by the police,
but it is believed that it will not be
for the reason that there are certain
powerful influences in town inter
ested in his escape.
Chlneaa Minister Parnell.
New York, April 14. Tho Chi
nose minister visited Gen. Hancock
at Governor Island yesterday. He
was received with the honors of a
The Herald's Paris special says the
police fail to find Parnell. If ho is
in that city he keeps close.
Grand Commandery Meeting;.
San Francisco, April 13. This
afternoon the Grand Commandery
of Knights Templars of California
met here, all the officers being pres
ent at tho opening conclave. They
will bo in session several days.
Chicago, April 13. The Chicago
Presbytery passed resolutions thank
ing President Arthur for vetoing the
Chinese bill, because it would pre
vent the conversion of the Chinese
to Christianity, and because it was
contrary to national institutions.
Cleveland, April 15. Mrs. Alfa
Boynton, the only sister of Grandma
Garfield, died to-day at Hiram, aged
President Hayes sends $250 to the
Garfield monument fund.
Following is the action taken by
the war department on the .charges
preferred by General Willcox
against Colonel Carr, concerning the
late Indian war, so-called. The
whole proceeding will, we think,
strike the reader as very paradoxical.
No expense should bo considered too
great when the question of insubor
dination in the rai'ks of the army is
concerned. Subordination must be
maintained at all costs, if we expect
efficiency of tho military in times of
war. Colonel Carr was either guilty
of disrespect and insubordination to
his commanding officer or he was
not, and inasmuch as his superior
officer preferred charges against him
he ought to have been granted a
speedy and impartial court-martial,
and if found guilty, punished, and if
innocent exculpated, and not
branded with such an infernal dose
as ho gets from Adjutant-General
Dunn. Wo consider that Colonel
Carr has been improperly dealt with
in this matter from Willcox to Dunn,
and that he has good cause, now, for
"disrespect" to the whole outfit.
Following is tho official disposition
of the case:
The communication of Brevet
Major General O. B. Willcox, com-
raflnding the department of Arizona,
of January 0, 1 882, enclosing charges
and specifications against Colonel
E. A. Law, of the Sixth Cavalry, for
warded with your endorsement, Jan
uary 11, 1881, was duly received,
and by the General laid before the
Secretary of War for action by tho
President of tho United States, and
under the 72d articlo of war, papers
have been returned endorsed as fol
lows: War Department, Feb. 11, 1882.
Respectfully returned to the gene
ral of the army. The within men
tioned charges having been submitted
to the president, and having been
duly considered by him, he is of the
opinion that public interests do not
require that they should be tried by
court martial as such trials would
cause expense greater than would be
justified by any results likely to fol
low. The president, however, is not
satisfied with the condition of affairs
in the department of Arizona, as ex
hibited by the matter set forth in
these charges, especially the letter of
Colonel- Carrs, bearing thr
the 20th of September, lu -m
which it is apparent that Carr, during
the late Indian troubles m Arizona,
was affected by feelings of disrespect
and insubordination towards his com
manding officer which were detri
mental to the service and wero espe
cially unbecoming an officer of his
rank and experience. The president
believes that admonition will sub
serve public interest in this case, and
he, therefore, directs that the general
of the army slfUll properly admonish
Colonel Carr, and that no further
proceedings be had under these
charges. Robt. T. Lincoln,
Secretary War Dept.
The president directed the general
to properly admonish Colonel Carr.
He can only do so by informing him
through his immediate commanding
officer that he regards tho conduct of
Carr at Cibicu and Apache during
the last days of August, 1881, as set
forth in the three specifications of
the charge as unsatisfactory, and that
the whole of his letter of December
8th, 1881, addressed to the division
headquarters through the department
headquartors, is fault finding, and in
subordinates improper, and altogether
such a letter as no colonel in the
army should write, and which no
commanding officer should receive
without immediate notice; and he
can only do so by preferring charges.
The action of the president puts an
end to the subject, and Carr must be
released from arrest and restored to
his command. Very respectfully,
your obedient servant.
R. C. Drum, Adjutant General.
Suit. Burbridgc estimates that
the value of the ore already in sight
in the four mines owned by the
Old Dominion Mining company is at
least $30,000,000. The slight alter
ations which it was found necessary
to mak in the smelting furnaces of
the company, after starting up seve
ral weeks agoe, have at last been com
pleted, and the smelters are now
read-, to start up with a capacity
for treating 60 tons of ore daily.
Additional furnaces are being con
tracted for, this being warranted by
the superintendent's estimate of ore
in sight, carrying an average of about
25 per cent copper. New York
Daily Stockholder, April 8.
Will Superintendent Burbridgc
never lJlet up" with his estimates and
put those furnaces to running and
turning out copper? Thirty mil
lions in sight and not one dellar of
returns! If Arizona can maintain
its present high standing in mining
circles and at the same time carry
such an incubus as tho Old Do
minion. She certainly has wonder
ful vitality and resources.
The Ventura Signal, we are sorry
to see, is misusing the time given to
its editor for prepration for another
and better world, in malevolently
disparaging the town of Santa Bar
bara. Now, San Buenaventura, it is
conceded, is a very nice town; but,
as truly remarked by the editor of
tho Santa Barbara Press, "Santa
Barbara is no slouch." The Signal's
statements about the vernal iceberg
indigenious to that place, the sempi
ternal snowstorm and the encroach
ing glacier are obvious exaggerations
the sportive output of a fertile
fancy, banta Barbara is really not
a very cold place; tho mercury in the
inhabitants hardly ever gets down
lower than ten derees above the ankle
joint. It is true the consumptives
who go thero for their health gener
ally put on overcoats as soon as the
climate gets its work in on them,
but consumptives aro generally deli
cate anyhow. O no, Santa Barbara
isn't half bad in point of climate;
and when roused by a San Buena
ventura insult is really torrid enough
to blister tho back of a Mexican dog.
An interesting experiment is said
to have boen made with a hibernating
hedgehog, in which tho brains of the
sleeping animal were removed, then
the entire spinal cord, but for two
hours hardly any change was percep
tible in the notion of the heart; and
a day afterward that organ contracted
when touched by tho operator.
Professor Boyd Dawkins, in de
picting the appearance of the world
before man, recently described Am
erica in tho eocene and miocene
periods as being connected with Eu
rope by a heavily wooded barrier of
land, stretching past the Faroe Isl
ands; while the alligators and fishes
of Enropo were indistinguishable
from those of this continent.
From the Colorado Miner.
A mining country is pre-eminently
a country of affidavits. From the
discovery of mineral to the issue of
a government patent, the miner is
subject to an unbroken series of
oaths or affirmations; affidavits of an
nual labor, of citizenship, posses
sion, improvements, posting, publi
cation and so on, like Pitt's oppo
nent in parliament, from the begin
ning to tho end of the story. One
would suppose so common a cere
mony would be observed with at
least common propriety. And, yet,
probably, no act is so loosely and
illegally performed as this same act
of making affidavit. The hat is
often not removed, and the depo
nent frequently requests the offi
cer to "cuss him," without other
statement. We have oven heard of
a firm in our midst who procure no
tarial jurats in blank, and fill in the
witnesses' names and signatures as
necessity requires, without any ap
pearance of the person purporting to
swear before the offier r'ove;-.
The New York Court of Appeals
has recently decided, in a case re
ported at length in the January
Criminal Law Magazine, that such
deposition is utterly void. The
judge says: "To make a valid oath,
for the falsity of which perjury will
lie, there must be some form, in the
presence of an officer authorized to
administer it, an unequivocal and
present act by which the affiant con
sciously takes upon himself the obli
gation of an oath." The Colorado
statute provides that "tho person
swearing shall, with his or her up
lifted hand, swear "By the everiliv
ing God.' " or, if conscientiously
scrupulous against taking an oath,
shall "solemnly, sincerely and truly
declare and affirm."
The consequences of loose swear
ing are more serious than one would
at first blush suppose. For thereby
the rights of innocent parties may
be endangered or lost, by a pretend
ed deposition, which afterwards is
shown to be false, and yet the al
leged deponent cannot be held for
perjury, because he has not in law
taken an oath. Where so many val
uable interests depend upon affidavit
it is highly important that the affiant
should be legally sworn, so that if he
lies, lis may be punished accordingly.
Verbum notary is satis esset.
ITEMS AT liAKCK.
From the Arizona Miner, April 11.
Grass for stock in the immediate
vicinity of Prescott is short.
A pine tree fell upon a horse, in
West Prescott, yesterday, breaking
one of the horse's legs '
About half of Maricopa came up
in the wind, on Sunday and-Monday,.,
with three-fourths of Pima, and "
probably nine-tenths ot Sonora.
Purdy, wo hear, has been impor
tuned by Fremont, Jessie, Gosper
and one or two others to sell them
an interest in the Free Press. -They
want to gag it. Sam is too wide
awake lor them, and says he will see
them in that place which rhymes
with cell or bell, first.
Information is wanted of Thomas
Evans. The last heard of him ho
was, with others, bringing a drove of
cattle from California to Arizona.
He, or anyone knowing his where,
abouts will confer a favor on his
eastern friends by- informing T. J.
Butler, at Prescott, by letter or
There will be several nice little
towns on the line of the Atlantic Jf
Pacific railroad. A large country
will be settled up, and towns are
convenient as well as necessary.
Flagstaff and Williams are both des
tined to become important places.
So, we advise all those who have a '
foot-hold to hang on.
From the Phcnlx tiazttte.
Mr. Van. Annan, the new secretary
of the territory, accompanied by his
wife, arrived in town this morning.
They are the guests of Judge Porter.
Sheriff Ormer returned from Yuma
this morning having safely turned
over Alfredo Brown and the other
convicts from this county to the pris
From tho El Taio Ilciald.
The track of the Southern Pacific
railroad in Texas has been laid about
278 miles from tho. bridge across tho
Rio Grande near El Paso. The
work is going foaward slowly but is
greatly impeded by a lack of .the
necessary material and the great
distance from which supplies are ob
tained. Thero still remain 127 miles
of track on this section to be con
structed before meeting with the con
struction gangs working this way.
A treasonable Time.
Trom the Bodtc Free Trwe.
Discussing the Chinese question
correspondent asks us, "What is
reasonable space of time?" This
a lull grown conundrum and
rather hard to answer. In the lira1
itation of Chinese, twenty years is a
very reasonable period of time, not
withstanding tho opinion of our
most gracious and well-developed
President. But to bo locked up in
jail for horse stealing that time
would seem an age. When a tooth
is being pulled fourteen seconds is a
loner time.while half an hour devnta-1
to holding your girl o
seems but a moment.
when it is not mo
A. new ml
ment for the
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