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FOR THE FARMER.
Cow Pointers. In the official report of the Kan sas State Board of Agriculture fur the quarter ending September 30, 1866, pages 100 to 105, is an article on “Choice Dairy Cows,” by Prof. D. C. Smith, of the Michigan Agri cultural College, in which he gives the results of a list of the respective values of two cows as milk and but ter producers, from which we make the following extracts: In some deductions from the tests of these cows and their performan ces, Prof. Smith further comments thus: 1. The similarity between the forms of these cows and the ideal dairy type as exemplified in the score card goes far to confirm the value of the lutter. 2. The size of the udders and bellies requisite to the production of extraordinary yields seems to indi cate that the cows must be relative ly large if a phenomenal record is desired. 3. Perfect health, a glossy coat, thrifty appearance and a good coat of flesh are not incompatible with the best and most economical dairy performance. 4. In feeding dairy cows suc cessfully they must be treated as individuals, each with likes and dislikes peculiar to herself. “One cows’s meat” may be “another’s poison.” 5. Regard must be had to the same question of individuality in the stable management. Rosa en joyed a temperature entirely too low for the comfort of the other cows in the herd. 6. Cows should be given a vari ety of feeds. 7. They should be allowed an abundance of succulent food in Winter. 8. In these cases, an ample grain ration while at pasture was aceom p tnied by extraordinary yields. It hardly seems possible that the lat ter could have been produced with out the former. 9. The individuality of the cow is the determining factor (1) in the amount of milk she can be made to yield; (2) in thequality of her milk; (3) in the relation of quantity and quality to the lapse of the period of lactation; (4) in the selection of her feed; (5) in her stable manage ment as to temperature, frequency of feeding and watering. 10 While the richness of the milk in fat is largely determined by the individuality of the cow herself, it is influenced within narrow limits by the season, the richer milk being yielded in the colder months. 11. The fact that each of these cows descended from ancestors of merit confirms the idea that ability in the dairy is a matter of inheri tance, and that, therefore, in the selection of his cows the dairyman should regard (1) their forms, (2) the performance of their ancestors, and (3) their record with scales and tests. The latter is the deciding factor. 12 In feeding, the general plan should he to place the cows in the hands of an experienced and skill ful feeder, and then provide an abundance of succulent feed, a var iety of grains and hay, and insist that these materials shall be pre sented in the most appetizing form. The judgment of the feeder, rather than any predetermined formula, must decide what the ration of each cow shall be, both in amount and composition. This judgement will be governed largely by the appetite of the cow and the condition of her bowels and milk glands, but will attach due weight to the knowledge of the chemical constitution and specific effect of each element of the ration. Subscribe for the Times. Motes Ur V When there is there is neither rr The very beat used for queer divided up. When incr queens are »e head of nuce Keep pie brood cham dry as posf Get .the tion, neve roney .hting. uld be he rest .ited all ;t at the ey in the rything as trong condi qneens lack for room Takin the bull by the One especi Japa Bet. crops to grow, ) pasturage, is at. heat for brood with another, y is gathered rearing when tnoy can cluster in the form of a sphere. Bees will not go up into the sections as long as they have room for their honey below. All sudden motions or jars tend to irritate bees; in handling them gentleness is necessary. When making a start in beekeep ing commence on a small scale. Learn to handle them first. A good circulation of air in warm weather is more necessary to the comfort of bees than total darkness. The queen is the most important factor in a hive. It pays to take pains to have qoeensof the best sort. Honey will not stand very much cooking, in fact, heat i« liable to spoil both flavor and keeping qual ities. Combs that bees perish upon in the Spring need immediate atten tion to keep worms from destroying them. The nectar which bees collect from flowers is thin and watery* and must be evaporated to make honey. Brood-rearing usually begins in February, and, if the weather is warm, through March they breed very fast. When the comb is capped in part and the rest of the cells glisten as you look at the surface it is ready to extract. During the Winter the bees clus ter below quite a portion of the stores, thereby keeping the honey warm and of easy access. Some good beekeepers claim that lack of room for the queen to de posit her eggs or the bees to store their honey causes them to swarm. The symptoms of bee paralysis are first a shining black Color, then swollen abdomen, sluggish move ments and quivering of the wings. The bee provides its own living, hunts its own pastures, gathers its own Winter stores and furnishes more than ample to pay for its case and hive lodging. Nearly all beekeeper^ agree that a hive should never face the North —the majority favoring a southerly direction. The morning sun entices the bees out to work early. It is important that the hives stand level. Then the frames will hang perpendicular in the hives and the bees will build the comb in the sections perpendicularly. To get rid of small ants find the nest, make a hole through the cen ter with a bar or stick and pour in about half an ounce of bisu'phide of carbon. Then close up the hole tight. Never shake the bees off a frame having queen bees on it, nor in any way suddenly jar it. Queen cells are much more liable to injury while on the frame than when ta ken from where they were built. Kheamatlcun Quickly Cared After having been confined to the house for eleven days and paying out $25 in doctor hills without ben efit, Mr. Frank Dolson of Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., was cured by one bot tle of Chamberlain’s Pain Balm costing 25 cents and has not since been troubled with that complaint. For sale by T. J. A. Flaws. Around the Fnrni. The feeding and care of live etock should be reduced to a system. It is simply inviting failure to attempt to run a six-horse business with a one-horse capital. Remember that warmer weather is near, and that the early chick is an item of importance later on. Irregularity in stabling, feeding and watering and milking has been the cause of many dairy failures. Plant the young tree or vine in the sod and it will rustle for itself, even with the rustle of dead leaves. Twelve eggs are enough to put under a hen this month, and the nest should be in a warm place at that. The flavor of vegetables does not always depend wholly upon soil and variety, being often affected by the use of much rank manure. The feet and legs of horses used in the mud should have particular attention, or they will have “scratches” first thing you know. A newly hatched chick is nearly as tender as a baby. The down is very little protection, and warmth is more essential than feed at this critical period. In plowing, harrowing and near ly all preparatory work, the three horse team will do more and better work, and do it more economically, than a lighter team. Blackberries delight in deep, rich, loamy, well-cultivated ground. They need much water to bring the fruit to perfection, therefore don’t put them under trees. There are lots of farmers’ pencils worn short by figuring on the cost of good roads, but mighty few on the cost of had ones. We believe it possible to have better roads with out increasing the farmers’ burdens in any way. One advantage the 6inall farmer has is that he can see things him self without being under the neces sity of depending upon hired men to look after the details of his bus iness. Besides, the small farm makes life easier for the women folks. The question of how to keep boys on the farm has been worn thread bare. There are plenty of bright boys yet who have never thought seriously of leaving the farm, who don’t want to leave it, and are growing up to be better farmers than their fathers before them. It is not desirable that all good boys should remain on farms, neither is it wise for a parent to attempt to make a farmer of a boy whose heart is elsewhere and whose talent lies in another direction. Turkeys require shelter yet, es pecially during changeable weather. Let them run during the day, but on cold nights they should be housed. Never allow a turkey to roost o»t doors if its feathers are wet. Roup is nearly as bad with turkeys as with hens; that is, they are subject to it, and a bad cold is very apt to turn into roup. The breeding stock should be in the very pink of condition, especially at this time of the year when they are nearing the laying period. Avoid feeding too much corn. If turkeys get too fat they will be slow about laying, and the young will not be so hardy as when the stock is in good, healthy condition. Sheep in the Orchard. I have five acres that is partially covered with apple trees, some of which are quite old. For several years no crops have been raised on the land. For a few weeks in the Spring it is used for pasturing cows, and during a portion of the Sum mer and Fall sheep are given the run of the field. They lie under the shade of the tree$ a greater part of the day, where a good share of their droppings is left, which seem to be a great benefit to the trees, and all wormy and defective apples are quickly eaten as soon as they fall. I now raise more and better fruit, and believe it will pay any farmer who has an apple orchard to keep sheep.—John Jackson, in Michigan Fruit Grower. He M] Cull Store! •T. J. A. FLAWS, Choice Groceries, Provisions and Hardware, Furnishing Goods, Boots & Shoes, Hats, Caps, Etc., GHassware, Orooltery, Cutlery, Liquors a Cigars, Paints, Oils and Patent Medicines, Fresh Fruit and Vegetables in Season, Fresh Dairy Butter, Fresh Eggs and Eastern Cream Cheese. Main St., - Dayton. Orders by mall Riven prompt attention. CATARRH Isa LOCAL DISEASE and is the result of colds and sudden climatic changes. It can be cured by a pleasant remedy which is applied di* rectly into the nostrils. Be ing quickly absorbed it gives relief at once, Ely’s Cream Balm Is acknowledged to be the most thorough cure for Nasal Catarrh, Cold in Head and Hay Fever of ail remedies. It opens and cleanses the n sul passages, allays pain and inflammation, hoais the sores, pro tects the membrane from colds, restores the senses of taste and smell. Price flOc. atDrmrgistsorby im-.ii. ELY BROTHERS, 66 Warren Street, New York. J. fj. CAMPBELL, e ROPRIKTOR OFTHK U X I O N MARKET, Main Street, Dayton. Home-Cured Bacon & Hams, BEEF, MUTTON, PORK, CORNED MEATS AND Rendered Tallow Meats delivered to Cuftomers t) charge CARSON RIVER PLACER MINING -AND DREDGING COMPANY, -OFFICE No. 18, Broadway, N. Y. City. PKTRB KOKKF.WTF.lt. President. C. G. CHRISTIE, Secretary. W. E. F. DEAL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE: Hank of California Bulldln*. Virginia City, Nevada. CoXottk ^^ver BLIT'S CREAM BALM Is ft post tl ye cure. Apply into the nostrils. It Is quickly absorbed. 50 if DraeRtofc or by mall • samples 10c. by mail. ELY BROTHERS. 50 Warren 8c. New York City. JOB WORK OF EVERY DESCRIPTION EX neatness and dispatch afthe for estimste* PrlC®8 ° ,ult the tlmeg- 8end SUBSCRIBE FOR THE TIMES. Occidental —Hotel, MAIN STREET, DAYTON, D. C. Fox, Prop.,-—^ Clean, comfortable rooms, regular and transient cus tom solicited, meals the finest the market affords. Board by the Day, Week or Month at Regular Rates. The Occidental is a strictly first-class, home-like hotel, and the Proprietor respect fully solicits a share of the public patronage. Sunday Dinners a Specialty. CORNER W. T. WARREN, At the Corner of Pike and Main Streets, Day ton, Nevada, wants you to call and see him on all occasions when you have that tired feeling. His stock of Wines, Liquors and Cigars is the finest in the market and it will do you good to sample it. Don't wait for a fur t h e r invitation—t hat feeling may grow—but drop into—you know— THE CORNER m Dayton Livery Stables, WM. SCHOOLEY. Prop.. Xjower Main Street, Dayton, Nevada Keep* *11 kinds of single and double rig* to let at reasonable prices. This is the Place for Ranchers to ’ Step When in Town. FINEST OF CARE GIVEN STOCK. # Benton’s Liniment' FOR RHEUMATISM IN MAN OR BEAST IS-« “King of the World. -• Cures Bruises. Strains, 8wellinas. Cuts, Lameness. Galls, Burns. Chilblains, Scalds. Frosted Feet. Scratches, Corns, Weak Back, Spavin, Bits, Stinge, Etc., Etc. -• Benton’s Condition Powders Are the Beat In the World. Jjr. J. m. Benton, Corner Carson and Third Sts.. Carson City, - . Nevada. Address: L DEALER IN ICE. JOHN LOTHROP, Attorney at Xiaw and Notary Public. Will practice In all Courts in the State. Offibi—Pike Street, Dayton, Nevada. Wanted-An Idea Protect your Ideas; they may bring yon wealth. Write JOHN WKDDRHBURN a CO.. Patent Attor neys. Washington, D. C., for their $1,800 prise offer and list of two hundred Inventions wanted.