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FOR THE FARMER.
Bee Xotm. Beehives may sit out in the sun all Summer. It is better than the shade at all times. Set the hives close to the ground, and not up on high benches, or against the fence or building. It is not profitable to keep a col ony that has a defective queen. Kill the queen and put in another. You can keep down swarming by taking out the queen cells that the bees are building preparatory to swarming, if you get all of them. Any one can handle bees in safe ty if armed with a good bee-smoker. The best fuel for use in a smoker is dry, spongy, rotten wood. Don’t spoil the fruit trees by cut ting the branches to get the swarms. Mak e two or three swarming boxes; they are more convenient. If you do not have time to watch your bees, and are afraid of losing swarms, clip the wings of all queens and no swarms will take a leave of absence from the apiary. It is not good policy to allow a colony of bees to swarm more than once. Second swarms are not profit able, and they cripple the old parent stock so that it will do but little good all Summer. The Italian bees are the best. A number of other varieties have been brought to this country and thor oughly tested, hot very few of them are now heard of at all, and all unite on the superiority of the Ital ians. If there is a check in the honey flow there’ will also he a check in brood rearing. A little feed during these periods, especially in the early part of the season, will keep up the breeding and colonies will come out with more hands to work when harvest comes. Bees will not object to being handled during the middle of t.h» day, but will resent being disturbed early in the morning or late in the evening, hence it is proper to take advantage of this. Bv many this is considered the most dangerous time to go about them, but intimate acquaintance with them proves this a mistake. Don't IIhIno Heriil> Ntnrk Scrub stock is a luxury that the business farmer can not afford, be cause be must know that every animal will pay its way, and pay a profit on the feed and care; they must have early maturity and superior quality. The wealthy busi ness men who are ambitious to have a farm and stock can not afford to keep any scrub stock, but get the best pure-bred stock, which is cheap enough now for every farmer to buy. Yet thousands of farmers are breed ing, raising and wasting feed on scrub stock that millionaire farmers can not afford, and will not tolerate these scrubs that eat more and sell for half what high grades do. Look at the markets and you see It) per cent of the cattle and horses sell for double the price the nine-tenths sell for. Yet these farmers com plain that cattle and horses do not pay. Cattle at 5c ami ()<• do pay, and horses at $150 to$200 pay well to raise, and the markets are more eager to huv at the high prices all the high elass stock that is tor sale. The Kgs Crn|>. There are about 300,000,000 chickens in the United States. The increase in this sort of live stock in this country has been enormous. In 1880 there were only 102,000,000 chickens. The production of hens’ eggs in the United States is about 900,000,000 dozen annually, just about double that of 1880. The greatest egg producing State is Ohio, which sends to market 75,000,000 dozen per annum. It is closely fol lowed by Illinois, Iowa, Missouri and Pennsylvania in the order men tioned. Poultry Poln to. It is getting rather late to hatch chicks, unless the smaller breeds are used. For our own table it pays to hatch chicks from February to No vember, but the number should be limited. Of course, it is better to hatch a few chicks late even of the larger breeds, but they will not pay as layers. The great object on the farm should be to make everything pay, whether it be live stock or farm crops. Are we doing it? If not, why not? Fifty hens on the farm, properly handled, will pay better the year through than 200 in the same place or roost. Quality rather than quan tity should be the rule. Eggs and chicken meat beat salt p >rk all to death as an article of diet. Use plenty of each. Do not expect that the eggs will pay all the grocery bills unless and abun dance is produced. Some farmers think that money alone should he counted to deter mine whether a thing pays or not. This is a great mistake. Fruit pays even if we do not sell a dollar’s worth. It keeps down doctor bills in the family. Every hen on the farm should clear at least #1.50 a year. How is she to do it? The secret is—hatch her early, so she can commence to lay early. If she lays early she will sit early the next Spring. She can thus hatch several broods in the season, and these chicks—the surplus—together with the Winter eggs, will easily bring the profit up to $1 50 or more, after all cost of feed has been deducted. Not lcng ago we heard a farmer say: “Every Spring I hatch a lot of chicks, yet when I go to get them up in the Fall there don’t seem to be any.” How true the above is on many a farm. The chicks are hatched, and after the hens wean them they have to shift for therrffeel ves until cold weather. A great many die from neglect or disease, and the rats, cats, etc., car ry off a lot more. All this time the farmer never once thinks of his chicks. Is it any wonder that the chicks disappear? We remember a case of this kind last Summer. A neighbor’s young chicks got the cholera, or something vQry much like it. After consult ing us he moved all his small coops to fresh ground, and used air slaked lime freely inside and outside of coops, put a little tonic in the drink ing water, and divided up the broods at night, so there would he no crowding at night. In a- week or two all symptoms of disease passed away. Cleanliness, air slaked lime and plenty of room in the roosting quarters is what did the business. Nome Oon’tn. Don’t expect the best crops from ordinary soils. They can not and will not produce them. Don’t have anything done that you can do yourself. Pay the wages to your self. Don’t deny the land its share of the profits. Pay hack with ma nures. Don’t let it become im poverished, else it impoverishes yon. Don’t expect hired labor to do your work as well as you would do it yourself. Don’t give up. Day is at hand. CHlwnrini In the Warden. My garden was infested with cut worms. I would set cabbage one evening, and the next morning they would he cut down. I took about a gallon of wood ashes to about one tahlespoontul of coal tar and mixed well. Put about a tablespoonful around feach plant, and in a few days the worms were all gone. Small Hairy Cow*. The question of large or small cows in the dairy is being narrowed down into a small compass, and there are but a few who still claim that a cow for the dairy is valuable in proportion to her weight. r Tickled Nearly to Heath You will be by taking a bath in Shaw’s Hot Springs, near Carson. When you drive over from here take the branch road at Empire. Charlie Slingerland is the genial boniface at the resort, and he will treat yon just right. Go and wash your sins away. JOINT QUARTERLY REPORT —OF THE— Juditor aijd Treasurer. Following is the Auditor’s and Treasurer s Quarterly Report for the quarter ending March 3l»t, 18j7: Cash in Treasury Jan. 1, 1897 .$ 46438 0 > RECEIPTS FROM SOUP.CES AS FOLLOWS: From Docket fees .1 31 00 “ Fees and percentages of county officers. — 825 48 ** Redemption and sale of delin qtient roll of 1896 . 621 87 “ Poll taxes of 1896. 15 08 “ County licenses . 470 40 " State of Nevada, Lyon county’s proportion of school money 3848 10 V P. assessment of 1887. - 876 52 $ ,'i8.)7 37 RECEIPTS APPORTIONED AS FOLLOWS: To State Fund . - $ 266 68 To General Fund. . 997 37 To Common School Fund... 3997 69 l’o Interest and Redemption Fund. 88 21 To Silver City (special fund). 10 94 l'o Officers’ Salary Fund . 525 48 t 58 7 37 TRANSFERRED FROM FUNDS AS FOLLOWS: Amount transferred from General to Officers Salary fund , ... I . 316 73 Amount transferred from General to District Judge's salary fund. .$ 524 00 DISBURSED FROM FUNDS AS FOLLOWS: From General fund.$ 3681 42 " Officer's Salary fund. 750 00 “ Interest and Redemption fund 1522 20 “ District Judge’s Saiary fund. 5 2 00 “ Sundry School funds . «342 64 * 9888 26 EXPENDITURES CLASSIFIED: Salary of County Officers. * 1575 00 Court House Supplies_ 68 30 Care and support of indigents. 776 40 Cost of county r'oads and bridges . 362 72 Lyon County’s proportiou of District Judges salary. 592 CO Grind Jury. 257 H' Legal advice. 150 00 Election expenses for 1896. 60 50 Insurance on Court House. 300 00 Printing and advertising 175 75 Support of Public Schools. 3342 64 Redemption Of bonds . 1500 00 Interest on Esmeralda county bonds. 173 47 Miscellaneous expenses. 554 38 $ 9883 26 APPORTIONED FROM COMMON SCHOOL FUND TO DISTRICT FUNDS: To School District No 1 fund $ 629 51 To “ “ No. 2 fund 728 05 1 o “ " No. 3 fund 270 65 To '* " No. 5 fund. 203 22 To “ " No 6 fund. 192 85 To " - No 7 fund 244 71 To " •' No. 8 fund. 218 79 To *' " No 9 fund. 848 15 To “ " No 10 fund. 239 53 To " No. 11 fund. 208 41 To “ •' No 12 fund. 187 66 To “ " No. 18 fund .. 296 58 To “ •' No. 14 fund 156 53 t 3924 94 BALANCE IN THE SEVERAL FUNDS APRIL 1. 1897: Iu General fund. . .$ 10655 67 In State fund. 2294) 34 In Common School fund. 62 75 In Interest and Redemption fund_ 3102 08 In Officers salary fund. 178 38 In District Judges salary fund. 31 00 In Silver City Special fund . 10 94 In School District No. 1 fund. 467 92 In “ “ No. 2 fund..’_ 1028 91 In “ *' No. 3 fund. 457 04 In “ " No. 5 fund. 350 42 In " *' No. 6 fund. 248 36 In " " No. 7 fund 260 43 In “ •* No. 8 fund. 833 23 In " " No. 9 fund 560 47 In •' “ No. 10 fund. 27185 In •* “ No. 11 fund. 344 01 In “ '* No. 12 fund. 203 60 In " •' No. 13 fund. 565 23 In “ " No. 14 fund 883 48 « 42417 11 TOTAI. INDKBTKDNKSS APRIL 1, 1897. Bonds of 1887 bearing 6^ per cent, in terest.. S 21500 00 Esmeralda county bonds, interest at 7 per cent. 4322 10 Bills allowed on Ceneral Fund and unpaid. 250 00 I 26072 10 recapitulation : Cash in Treas. Jan 1,1897 $ 46438 00 Receipts for Quarter. 5897 37 f 52835 87 Disbursed during Quarter $ 9888 26 Cash in Treas. April 1, 1897 42447 11 I 52336 87 Respectfully submitted, A. L. FISH, Auditor. A. J. LOFTU8, Treasurer. He Chea; task Store! T. J. A. FLAWS. —dealer in— Choice Groceries, Provisions and Hardware, Furnishing Goods, Boots & Shoes, Hats, Caps, Etc., Glassware, Orooltery, Cutlery, Liquors & Cigars, Paints, Oils and Patent Medicines, Fresh Fruit and Vegetables in Season, Fresh Dairy Butter, Fresh Eggs and Eastern Cream Cheese. Main St., - Dayton. Orders by mail *iven prompt attention. CATAR H is a LOCAL DISEASE and is tho result of colds and surii. n climatic changes. It can ee cured by a pleasant rein.:. which isaptilied di rectly into the nostrils. Be ing quickly absorbed it give3 relief at once. Ely’s Cream Balm is acknowledged to be the most, thorough cure for Nasal Catarrh, Cold in Head and Hay l ever of remedies. It opcn9 and cleanses the n salpassajbH, allays pain and inflammation, heals the sorc-3, pro tects the membrane from colds, restores the BCTwes of taste and smell. Price r<Oc. at Druggists or by w ELY BROTHERS), 66 Warren Street, New i 01 k. J. Ti. CAMPBELL, PP.OPRIETOR OF THE XT 1ST X O 3XT MARKET, Main Street, Dayton. Home-Cured Bacon & Hams. BEEF, MUTTON, PORK, CORNED MEATS AND Rendered Tallow Meats delivered to Customers free of charge CARSON RIVER PLACER MININC — AND DREDGING COMPANY, -OFFICE No. 18, Broadway, N. Y. City. PKTEK I'OKItKMTKR. President. C. G. CHRISTIE, Secretary. W. E. F. DEAL, ATTORNEY AT LAW, OFFICE: (tank of California Bnildina. Virginia City, Nevada. ELI’S CREAM BALM Is a positive care. Apply into the nostrils. It is quickly absorbed. BO cento at Droplets or by mail • samples 10c. by mail. ELY BROTHERS. B8 Warren St.. New York Cltr. T°B 'T0RK °F every DESCRIPTION EX t,w« wlt.h neatneas and dispatch at'the fo^stiinate's*1 PrlCCB t0 8Ult the time8- Send Occidental Hotel, MAIN STREET, DAYTON, D. C. Fox, Prop.,-—. Clean, comfortable rooms, regular and transient cus tom solicited, meals the finest the market affords. Board by the Day, Week or Month at Regular Rates. The Occidental is a strictly first-class, home-like hotel, and the Proprietor respect fully solicits a share of the public patronage. Sunday Dinners a Specialty. Dayton Livery Stables, WM. SCHOOLEY, Prop.. Catarrh, «jVa£« tiower Main Street, hiiyton. 1i>vuit» Keep* all kinds o/ single and double rigs to let at reasonable prices. This is the Place for Ranchers to Stop When in Town. FIXKNTOF CARK blIVKS MTOFK. Patents Wanted. Parties having inventions they wfeh to pro tect should procure their patents through out agency. Inventor’s Manual, a book containing cost of patents, mode of procedure, etc., ana other information, sent for 3c. stamp. Ourlist of patents wanted, for which lsrgesumi of money are offered, sent with the Manual.free. We find purchasers for patents procured through our agency. Branch offices in all thl principal cities and in all foreign countries. THE WORLD’S PROCRESS, -O. J. Bailey, Manager,— 501-607 PLUM ST., CINCINNATI,0. Bo sure to mention this paper. Benton's Liniment FOR RHEUMATISM IN MAN OR BEAST IS-• “King of the World.” —•— Cures Bruises. Strains, Swellings, Cuts, Lameness. Galls, Burns. Chilblains, Scalds. Frosted Feet, Scratches, Corns, Weak Back, Spavin, Bits, Stinge, Etc , Etc. Benton’s Condition Powders Are tlie Best in the World. Address: ^ Ur. J. 3VE. Benton, Corner Carson and Third 8ts., Carson City, - . Nevada. -• DEALER IN ICE. 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