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THE SILVER STATE.
IrMn. 4nnr II, IKKO. - THE Bi(li TAXES AM> PENALTY AIT. In the year of Grace 1STO, the Legis litureof Nevada, composed of twenty five Senators and fifty Assemblymen, was divided* )>olitically as follows: Senate—Republicans seventeen; Demo crats, eight; all of the latter, except Shepherd, of Eiko, having been hold event, who were elected two years pre viously. Assembly—Republicans, for tv three: Democrats, seven; giving the Republicans a majority of forty six on joint ballot. The total vote of the ► 'rate was in round number 10.000, and fie Republican majority for Governor was 41)o, and for Congressman 663. Trw Democratic majority for Lieutenant Governor was 8‘6, showing that while ti.e people are nearly equally divided politically, less than 10,000 Republicans had five times the representation in the Legislature of over 0,000 Democrats. This was partly due to the fact that John P. Jones, who was a candidate i fir re-election to the LTiited States, S ornate, did much for the reinonetiza- i iron of silver, ami Democrats as well as Republicans believed that his services i: behalf of the mining interests of the State entitled him to re-election. The I legislature, which was almost 'excla p vely Republican, was pledged to re duce and equalize fares and freights on j tilroad* and to oppose any modifica tion of the bullion tax laws. Notwith standing those pledges, a bill was in troduced “to discontinue litigation t niching inequitable claims for taxes aid penalties. This title would indi cate that the bill was a just one, and that it applied to all penalties for de linquent taxes, on bullion as well as ! other property. The body of the bill, j however, dispelled this illusion, as it' related exclusively to the California and Consolidated Virginia, otherwise j known as the bonanza, mines of Storey i county, and did not release the poor farmer or miner from the payment of taxes and penalty for delinquency on his cabin, cow, or w hatever other prop- j orty he might have. Suit had been brought, and argued and submitted for toe taxes and penalty from the payment of which the act was intended to release the owners of the mines. The lull was referred to a special cnuumtee of three, one of whom was a member of the Assembly from this county. The committee made an able ami exhaustive report against the bill, yet, strange to say, the day following t wo of the three members of the com mittee, one of them a member of the the Assembly from this county, voted far the passage of the bill, which went through both houses like a dash and became a law. The case was appealed to the Supreme Court, as it involved Beany $100,000. about $20, 000 of which rightfully belonged to the State, and the remainder to Storev county. The opinion of the Supreme Court, declar ing the Act unconstitutional, is now given to the public. It is an able aud exhaustive paper, and a terrible rebuke to a partisan Legislature, which threw pledges overboard and passed the bill by a decisive majority, As the case is now remanded to the District Court of titoray county, whose judgment has beeu reversed, with directions to over rule defendant’s demurrer, the matter may be held in abeyance until the meeting of the next Legislature, when relief may be again sought in another bill. The people of Nevada should see that the Legislature is not so one-sided as the last, and that none but reliable men are elected. There is no good reason why millionaires should lie ex empted from the payment of taxes and penalties tor delinquency which poor nnuare compelled to pay or have their p.opyrty sold by the Sheriff. iWsKt TIIK UltKtCH. The New \ ork Craphie is authoi'ity fo.' the statement that ex-Lieutenant Iforsheimer, who was temporary chair man of the Kelly Convention at Syra cuse, has publicly asserted that there will be no division of tbe Democratic party in New York this year, but that the Cincinnati nominee, whoever lie may be, will be supported. Judge spencer. 0. B. Potter, Henry L. Clin ton and other prominent Democrats, who followed Killy last year, have p«ade the same statements, and that it necessary Kelly would withdraw from Tammany during tire campaign: If such an arrangement is made, ami the breach irt the L*temocrntio party in New York, which d«rew 7«i,000 votes from the regular ticket in that ^tate last year and elected Cornell Uovctnor by a plurality, closed, Tilden may yet be President. mEMirmc it km-*. — A dispatch to the San Francisco ; ( hroniele, from Stockton, reports the ! break in the levee *t Robert’s Island 8.3 feet wide. Some 40,000 acres of land I ( are under w ater. Of this 10,000 acres were -own to grain. The destruction 1 of crops on Robert's Island this year will woik an almost incalculable amount of damage. There are up wards of 30,000 acres of grain on the island which promised a yield of not less than twenty bushels to the acre. Resides this grain there are thousands *4 dollars worth of other crops and in** provements which will be destroyed, besides the damage resulting to the land from the flood. In crops atone the loss will l>e upwards of $.300,000, and the direct damage will be several hun dreds of thousands more. The Democratic Senators and Repre sentatives from the Pacific Coast are all confident th»t < Jartiehl's record oi) ; the Chinese bill in the last Congress will insure his defeat in California. Ore- i gon and Nevada, but the Republicans * reply that Car tie Ul was not opposed *o j the Ixxly of the hill, but only to the j clause upon which Mr. Hayes' veto was based, namely, the one that explicitly ! abrogated two articles of the Rur- ! ! liug'ame treaty. A fire occurred yesterday in the can ning establishment of C. James King of William, at the corner of Sansome and Broadway San Francisco. T;ie entire i second story and roof, am' a portion of j the lower story were burned, ami the contents (<f the building escaping the fire were much damaged by waAer. J The lo«s is probably $2',000. The cause is unknown. About l.">0 white employes are thrown out of work. John ftemple, of 10 Delancev street, New Y ork, beat his w ife yesterday un til he thought her dead, and then threw her out on the stairs, bolted the bed room doors, set the house on fire and cut his throat from ear to ear. The fireman found him in bed enveloped in fiames, and dragged him into the street, where he died. The woman’s skull is fractured and her death is expected. Cause, jealousy. Abraham S. Hewett says: “Tilden has takeu no steps for the nomination. I should think that if he cared to run he could have no greater satisfaction than to run against Garfield, whose vote in the Electoral Commission lost him the Presidency last time.’' The Maryland Democratic Conserva tive State Convention elected unpledged delegates to Cincinnati, but expressed confidence in the ability of Thomas Francis Bayard. A prominent anti-Tflden politician says the candidacy of Seymour at Cin cinnati is now a certainty, and he will accept if named with reasonable unanimity. Grant thinks Seymcmr will he nomi nated at Cincinnati, and Grant's friends say the defeat of Garfield w ill make Grants nomination a necessity four \ ears hence. A telegram from Dortmund, West phlia, announces a tire-damp explosion there. Nineteen coqwes have already been found. The Georgia Democratic State Con vention recommended the two-thirds rule, and elected delegates to Cincin nati who are favoiable to Field. The Northern Belle declares a divi dend of fifty cents. The Overman is assessed fifty cents, and tne McClinton twenty-five cents. Franklin Landers was nominated bv the Indiana Democratic Convention for Governor. Allie Keith was a good-looking boy of 14, at Westfield, M ass. He dressed himself in his sister’s clothes, ran away in them to Springfield, and got employ ment as a salesgirl in a bookstore. He made such a v.-iusoine girl, and Hirted so naturally witli the male customers, that he soon became a great attraction at the place. He was a favorite, too, with the girls of the house where he boarded, and none of them suspected that he had no right to wear petticoats. His mother at leugth discovered ami exposed him. BKfCBMCA* rLtTFOBM. ▼hr BnwIatkM Adapted •»> (he >» I1«mI t'onvrullon. KX PM EHATION OP PRINCIPLES. First—We affirm that the work of the last twenty-one years has been such as to commend itself to the favor of the nation, and that the fruits of the costly victories which we have achieved through immense difficulties should be preserved. That the peace regained should be cherished. That the dissev ered Union, now happily restoed, should be perpetuated, 3iid that the liberties secured to tics generation should he transmitted Hftdiininislied to future generations. That the onler es taMishcd and the credit acquired should ne”er be iinjx> riled. That the jk-i - sioi promised should he paid. That tlie debt so much reduced should be ex tinguised by the full payment of every dollar thereof. That the reviving in dustries should he further promoted and that the commerce already so great shouhl he steadily encouraged. Second—Tiie Constitution of the United States is the supreme law, and not a mere comiiaot. Out of Confeder ate States it made a sovereign nation. Some I towers are denied to the nation, while others are retained by the states; but the boundaries lietweeil the powers delegated and those reserved is to lx determined by National and not by State tribunals. Third—The work of }x>pular educa tion is one left to the care of the several States, but it is the duty of the Nation al i Government to rid that work to the extent of its constitutional ability. The intelligence of the Nation is but the ag gregate of the intelligence of the sever al States, and the destiny of the Nati h* must be guided, not by the genius of any one State, hut bv the average ge nius of all. Fourth—The Constitution wisely for bids Congress to make my law reflect ing an establishment of religion, hut it is idle to hope that the Nation can la protected against the influence oi sec tarianism, while each State is exjxwed to its [articular domination. We there fore recommend that the Constitution be so amended as to lay some pro hibitions upon the Legislature of each State, awl to forbid the appropriation of the public funds to the support of sectarian schools. Fifth We reaffirm the belief avowed iu 1S7«. that the duties levied for the purpose of revenues should so discrimi nate as to favor American labor. That no further grant of the public domain main should be made to any railroad or other corjKiratiou. 'lliat slavery lav ing perished iu the States, its twin bar barity, polygamy, must die in the Ter ritories. That everywhere tire protec tion accorded to a citiaen of American birth insist lie secured to citizens by American adoption. That it is the duty of Congress to develop and im prove our water courses and harbors, but we insist that further subsidies to private [lerrons or corporations must cease. That the obligations to the men who preserved its integrity iu the day oi battle are undiniinished by the lapse of fifteen years since their final victory. Their perjietual honor is and shall foi - ever be the grateful privilege and the sacred duty of the American people. Sixth— Since the authority to regu late immigration and intercourse be tween the Uuited Mates and foreign nations rests with the Congress of the United States and its treaty making [lowers, that the Republican jiarty, re garding the unrestricted immigration of the Chinese as an evil of great mag nitude, involves the exercise of the [lower to restrain and limit that immi gration by the enactment of such just, humane and reasonable provisions as w ill produce the result. Seventh That the purity and patri otism which characterises the earlier career of Rutherford li. Hayes in peace and w ar, and which guided the thought of his immediate predecessor to him for a Presidential candidate, have con tinued to inspire him in his career as Chief Executive, and that history will accord to his administration the honor* which are due to an ethcieut, just amt courageous fulfillment of the public business, and will honor his interposi tion between the people and pro|K>sed partisan laws. Eighth—We charge upon the Demo cratic party the habitual sacrifice of patriotism and justice to a supreme and insatiable lust for office and jiatronage; t that to obtain possession of the Nation al aiul State governments, and' of the control of place and position, they have obstructed all the efforts to preserve the parity and conserve the freedom of suffrage; have devised fraudulent cer tificates and returns; have labored to unseat lawfully elected members of Congress, to secure at all hazards the vote of the majority of States in the House of Representatives: have en deavored to occupy In' force and fraud places of truss given to others by the people of Maine, and rescued by the courage and action o! Maine's patriotic sons; have by methods vicious in prin ciple and tyrannical in practice, at tached partisan legislation to appropri ation bills; have crushed the rights of , individuals, and vindicated the princi ples and sought the favor of rebellion against the nation, and have endeavored ! to obliterate the sacred memom-s of the | war and to overcome its inestimable I good resuks—freedom and individual equality. We affirm it to be tire duty j utd purpose of the Republican party to use all the legitimate means of this Union to secure the perfect harmony which may be practicable, and we sub mit to the practical, sensible people of i the United States to say whether it j would net be dangerous to the ln-st in- > terests of our country at this time t« surrender the administration of the National ♦Government to a p; r,y which ! seeks to overthrow the existttig fiolicy ( under which we are so prot-yerous, am, ! thus bring’ destruction and confusion j where there w aow order, eonfi buice j and hope. LEVY & < O .. ___ ■--- -- I ::::::::r::.:::::::— Fornardiiii; and Fomml^ioii i MERCHANTS. -—ME.VI.KK.H IrN eurrui lUVrn-hiirMliM'. ! «*n«*ral AVArirlmmli^, W O O L A-N 1/ H I-D-E S, FLO I K AM) AiKAIV. irr. Wiimeiiiueca, Xe¥., June 1, 1880. tf R. W. WOOD, Corner llli anil Krldge Street*. WINN EM l'CCA.NEVADA. Wholesale and Retail Dealer in HARDWARE, STOVES, GKICULTUIIAL IMPLEMENTS TINWARE AND _€ R O (RE R Y._ JOB PRINTING, IN ALL ITS VARIETIES, Promptly anil Neatly K termed, I AT THE Wnil UP THE » V~V %-E K H T-1 T- E. MUKUHtl ictxn! monim-. ..n th- arrix»| »t .L",. ,r> tT"7 r-U -f Twenty Hxc irnU^rM.''. **■ Prancfam t*ro..kIa, k* San Krawi«T> Morning Call * San *r»iWi*co bulletin. &*r*lnetib> Ikjc, Sucraiio ato Record Cnhm; Virginia Chronicle, Cold Hill N,wj. Territorial Kat*riH Xflffttind, published either in tor!.,* <a it not nu hand *iil be turuid L u 4‘“‘ noti.c .it the regular price* !**-rt C. CIIENott ETH New* Agent M lrtenmcca, May 17, h**, *y CITY DRIG STOKE. C. A. DKXAVSSUKE. Proprietor. On the eart side of Hri-Ve *tre •, Wl.NNKHl OCA, Nn AHA. Wh-re they keep on hand a full a„,j assortment of v FRKSH DRUGS AND MF/DK INKS Toilet Arti iw, Chemical*. Vitminhca. I’:Jnta, Oil*, PATENT M E D I C I N E 8* In endkn* x rru-ty. ('’"te attention will lie cfven to call* frviii the Medical Kratumitx, ami RreacriptK.ni a ill ha put up with the great-oat - art. Aitle IS. 1877 t( M. HOI!HV\, HAS JUST RECEIVED ♦>'**4-+4-+ + -P+ + ♦ ♦t X £ W GOODS! :»t J^tnct from he factories, wkkk will be £ Hi 'iKKXKl^y HMKM 1 «MfVW>#W«<VKlO * ——I "OLD at LIVING■ PRICES 1_ * odpOOOOUUOUOO 1* *>* K**IOOOOO! Him—V> old KrTu-e .tarllsa itsd* To offer, and rto ‘‘l*rt<.t List" to publish, but WILL SELL NEW fBK»1»H At Price* Satisfactory For Buyer cr* Seller. M MOFH All Wrtfns niucea, May 7, i *0 tl f. innoHETH, W/MSEM (TV A, SEVA DA ♦ ash Stare, at Bottom Prices! NEWS DEPOT! DEALER IS Bonks, S(ni inner*. New* Haller, light Lllernlarr. Itl.iuh Rook*, Legal Blank*, of all klal*4 rlelure* awl Hn*lr, school iimm, AS1" Toy*, .'Ameltie* and Fancy Notion*, b) iitli.ki am* ji:m:iBi, Fur»ishimj iloo>D* um! Toilrt Artaks, FAMILY <*KO< LltlES -AND P—K—0--V—I- -S—I—«>—X—S-J Fresh Canned flood*, Tobacco, Cigar*. 11}**, Nut*. Candice, tlrcrii and Dried Fruit*, and Carden and t,ru*« Seed*. ts! I'nii r* iron, the vouutry promptly (HW. C. CBESOnETM. Wi* January 20.1S80. 0.\E PUKE STOKE. KAWIST1K \ HETUEBLY PROPRIETORS, Wil keep constantly on hand a Utye and «* ■•elected stock of FAMILY G ROC ERIKS, Stitrar, Coffee, Tea, Hotter, Kir* a, Canned and Dried fruit., Canned \ v.iublos, Wines, and Liquors, Tinware, Etc., Etc., Etc. CALIFORNIA AND TROPICAL FRHTS GENT’S FURNISHING GOODS, 4.r<^n, RriedliVamifd Fruit** Boots, Shoe* Fancy Ooods, Cutlery Tolacre, Piper All of which will ho soiil at the »ery )■''*** price lor CASH. Call and %a» for yocrw t BANNISTER * WETHERYV Winnctnurca, IIarch 2, Itttt). l* J. F. Ab«*l Anttounce* himself a Candidate ” SENATOR, subject to the deeisicn uf the ocratk County Cons entiou. m