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reason why they should not be occupied
by the adventurous white man. I dare say that none who will consider the rich deposits of gold and silver, the abundance of game, the soil, water and timber—the .fact that the country abounds in everything that will make a great. State prosperous and wealthy, will for a moment agree with those who think that this country should still be left in the hands of the Indians, who like the DOG IN THE MANGEB, will neither occupy it themselves or allow others to occupy it. It is true the expedition was an af fair of peace, not intended to bring on hostilities—nor has it brought them on —for not a shot has as yet been fired at the hostile Indians—none have made their appearance, but the news 'ere this is abroad in the land, and the restless spirits from all localities will flock to the frontier towns, and they will break for the Black Hills, and will reach them, too, and to prevent it would require a larger army than it would take to guard the Rio Grande, were everv Mexican determined to supply himself with American stock. And in the conflict which follows POOR LO MUST FALL, for though he has some rights that white men are bound to respect, he has none that INFATUATED GOLD IIUNTERS will respect. The facts should be considered by the Government and immediate steps taken for the peaceable extinguishment of the Indian titles. GAME. I said game was abundant. So it is. There are deer, black and white tailed, elk, black and grizzly bears, mountain sheep, mountain lions and all manner of fur bearing animals. KILLING A GRIZZLY. Gen. Custer and Col. Ludlow, on the 7th inst, killed a grizzly which weighed about eight hundred pounds. Six or eight shots were fired before the old fel *v low surrendered. On receiving the first shot he cocked himself up on his hind legs, and showing his huge teeth, he grinned defiance but like all who fight Ouster, he was compelled to surrender. ANOTHER GRIZZLY. On the same evening, the Santee scouts killed the mate to the one killed by Custer and Ludlow, which was even larger than the male^ but before bring ing her down, the noble Santees fired shots enough to extinguish the whole Sioux nation. The one killed by Custer and Ludlow had claws fully five inches long, and teeth or tusks as long as a man's finger, which were set outside the lips, making an animal somewhat ferocious in appear, ance. I have rode inside the columns since I saw those jaws—would rather see old Sitting Bull than such a bear, A PICTURE WORTH HAVING. Illingsworth took a photograph of the stricken monarch,with Gen.Custer, Col. Ludlow, and Bloody Knife the Sioux guide, standing around it. BEAR BUTTE REGION. We entered the Hills from the west side,' through the Western Pass, and sought an outlet through the northeast, which we found, though not without considerable'difficulty. The formation of this portion of the Hills is the same as that of the western portion. The lower range is covered with a black substance which resemblesj crushed coal—possibly lava—the upper range is of red sandstone. Bear Butte is about two and one-half miles outside, the Hills. There is but little timber on it, and it is surrounded by prairie. Next to Harney's Peak, Bear Butte is the highest of the hills. 0 E A I A N S A E S After leaving Custer's Park on the 6th, wie marched for two days through a beautiful country—parks and valleys— of which the Black Hills are full the landscapes in many instance arranged as if by art. On* the 8lh We marched through a iorest destroyed by fire and storms-^-desolate enough I assure you but soon we struck another section as lovely as* the loveliest. The 11th Was spent hunting for an outlet through the Hills—the 12th and 13th in the same way,but about yesterday w'e struck the prairie Hefctj* miles stiiithwest from this point: & 1 r. if PABTISG. All regretted to leave the Hills with their pleasant groves, beautiful lawns, ice cold brooks, and luscious fruits and gems of gold and silver. For no country has nature done so much as for this, leaving so little to be done by the husbandman. The open and timbered spaces are so divided that a person can obtain a farm of almost any dimensions,, from an acre upwards, with the proper proportion of timber and prairie, with pure babbling brooks, in which the water is only 12 degrees above freezing the warmest days in summer. Nature seems to have gone further, and has located choice building sites amid evergreens, flowers and shrubs. The soil is a deep black loam, between 3 and 4 feet deep, moist and exceeding ly productive. There is every indica tion of an abundance of rain, while the ground is not torn by torrents. MORE ABOUT GOLD. The scientific corps accompanying the expedition, have examined the mineral resources, although not thoroughly, as the halts have been brief, and it is the opinion of those who are in a position to know, that the minerals are as rich as any in the world. I saw a prospect taken from one pan of earth which yielded fifty pieces of gold the size of pin heads. This was taken from a shaft in Custer's, Gulch. Gold was found in the grass roots, and in the eaith, in paying quantities, to a depth of eight feet. Miners estimate that gold to the ex tent of one hundred dollars per day to the single man, can be secured from one locality prospected. CONCLUSION, All the officers of the command are well,except Lt.Chance, who is still lame, but is getting along nicelv. James King, of troop, 7th Cavalry, died on the 13th, of dysentery. He had been ailing for three days, but he refused to leave the ranks until the day previous to his death* King's friends reside at Des Moines, Iowa, and he is spoken of as a good soldier. Two games of ball were played in the Hills, of which I have forwarded the score. They speak for themselves. N. II. K. The Fargo Express copies the TRIBUNE article on the Minnesota Senatorial question, and is frightened because the TRIBUNE expressed a preference for Senator Ramsey, for local reasons, and says: In event of the division of the Terri tory, the capital question will be mate rially affected by the influence of the Minnesota delegation. It is understood that Senator Ramsey is pledged to use his influence in favor of Bismarck. We have no doubt that Governor Austin, will as in the past use his best efforts to promote the prosperity of Fargo. Why bless your soul, Mr. Express, the TRIBUNE had not the capital question in view at all when it spoke of local rea sons. The Northern Pacific country and Northern Pacific road has no firmer friend or abler advocate than Senator Ramsey, and we believe his defeat for a re-election would be a calamity to the whole Northern Pacific country. By reason of his experience, acquaintance, associations and ability, he will be able to help us a thousand fold more than Austin. If Ramsey owned four-fifths of Fargo, and was able and certain to locate the capitol there,' our sentiments toward him would be the same. If he is pledged to Bismarck, Bismarck people are not aware of it—the TBIBUNE never heard of it before. The Governor of the new territory will locate the capital tempofarially, and it will be located permanately by a. vote of the people, after the first session of the Legislature. No one knows or pretends to know who the Governor will be?, or- through whose influence he will be appointed. When the Governor is appointed, if Fargo seems to him to be abetter loca tion than Bismarck fpr the capital, it will be tocated there, and Bismarck will submit with the best grace immagin able. They would rather go 'to Fargo, 200 miles, to reach the capital, than to Yankton, 900 miles. Had., the Express ratlier see divisional than'to.see Bis marck the capital? ^ismartk Bismarck, D. T., Aug. 26,1874. NUGGETS. There is a new, direct, and well marked trail from Bismarck to the Black Hills, made by the return of the expedition. Gold in the grass roots, and at a depth of eight feet is not bad, particu larly when the amount yielded is $100 per day to each miner. The best way for Montanians to reach the Black Hills gold region will be to come down the Missouri and take the Government trail from Bismarck. Run*ing Antelope was right when he said the white man would want the Black Hills country, because of its fer tile valleys, when they came to see it. The men who made the Black Hills gold discoveries reside at Bismarck, and will accompany *the first expedition to the new El Dorado,, which will be fitted out at Bismarck. While there are immense tracts of bad lands south and west of the Black Hill, Custer's expedition reports only five miles of bad lands between Bis marck and the Hills. The country from Bismarck to the Black Hills is well watered by streams whose banks furnish an abundance of fuel, and their valleys fine grazing. Un questionably the route via Bismarck is the shortest, safest, and best. 4b The distance from Bismarck to the Black Hills is only a trifle farther than from Moorhead to Ft. Garry, only a tri fle farther than from Moorhead to Bis marck. Both of these trips are made in winter without the least difficulty. The Black Hills gold region is wholly in Dakota, though the Hills were entered by the expedition from the west side—from the Territory of Wyoming. The expedition came out of them at the northeast—the point nearest Bismarck. Bismarck merchants are already lay ing in a stock of mining tools, and mi ners outfits. An expedition will un doubtedly leave this point this fall in tending to winter in the Hills where there is an abundance of game of all kinds. Mitchell's new Atlas of the United States,sold in Bismarck by P. B. Gavitt, just published by Zeigler & Mc Curdy, gives the correct location of Harney's Peak. Custer's Gulch is seven miles south of it, on a little stream emptying into the South Fork of the Cheyenne. While the country south of the Black Hills is over run by hostile bands from the Red Cloud, Whetstone, Yankton, and other agencies, their operations do not extend to- the region north of the Hills. That is reutral ground, and is seldom visited, and then only for hunt ing. The very fact that Custer is in com mand at Ft. Lincoln guarantees immu nity from the depredations of hostile bands to a country a hundred miles in extent. It is said the hostiles located south of the Black Hills have offered a reward of a hundred ponies for Custer's 'head. He is a terror to them. The Black Hills gold region is in the Department of Dakota, and the two new military posts which are to be estab lished, one on the Little Missouri, and one near the Hills, will be established from this way, the material being hauled from Bismarck. The Government is responsible for the gold discoveries, and will feel bound to protect the settlers who will take advantage of those dis coveries. Running Antelope, Two Bears and other Sioux chiefs at the Grand River Agency, have done their level best to keep' their young men at home while Custer's expedition has been out, deter mined that if difficulties arose or depre dations were committed, they should not be blamed for it. And they suc ceeded. Up to the fifteenth of August Custer had not seen a single hostile band—not a shot had been fired— except at game. The territory lying north of the Black Hills is what is known as neutral ground. It is not claimed by any tribe! —is not included in the Black Hills res ervation, and is never occupied by the Indians, and but seldom visited by them. The hostile tribes, except S& ting Bull who is located near Ft. Peck, are located south of the Black Hills— their agencies are south and the depre dations committed by them have been in localities south of the Hills. Gen. Forsythe says, in his Black Hills report, that all attempts to enter the Hills from the 'east or south would be futile they can only be entered from the north or west The Sioiix City Journal says the country between Cheyennfe and the Black Hills is barren, marked on the maps as sand hills and proved to be barren* and is therefore to be avoided by immigrants. The Jour nal alleges that via. Sioux Cityis the nearest route toi'eachthe Black Hills, and yet it-admits that people must go from there several hundred miles theJ river to Fort Randall, and. when they get ,io Randall they are ten miles further from the gold region than When at Bidm&rck. J. ft Up Carbolic acid is a first class "disin fectant." Burning tar is a good "disinfectant'1 —It smokes 'em out Is th%t what Dickey is up to.' The Custer Chromib will certainly be out by the tenth—probably by the sixth of September. Beecher says it does not take much to make great men in a region where there are newspapers. The Democratic Convention paid a high and deserved compliment to Hon. M. K. Armstrong. After hearing read his'positive refusal to accept a re-nomin ation which they would have unani mously tendered him, they passed a resolution endorsing his record and declaring continued confidence in him. About half of the male population of Bismarck are ready, or preparing, to go to the Black Hills, and already adventu rers have commenced coming in. One man in the office yesterday has ten months provisions in his wagon, and is ready to go at a moment's notice. An expedition will propably leave Bismarck within the next thirty days for the Hills. Capt. Joseph Anderson, for many years a contractor, on the upper Missouri river a man who never voted for a Republican in his life, arrived Friday, and has put in many a good word for Kidder. Democrat though he is, he insists that Judge Kidder is not only personally the best man iix the territory'for the place, but his election is vital to the interests of^Northern Dakota. The St. Cloud Journal speaks of a class of Northern Pacific people as "huckleberry editors," and insists that their generosity will be the ruination of them yet. The Journal man is one of those "sod corn editors" that Col. Calk ins used to tell of. Joe Wheelock calls them "picayune hirelings." In Greeley's time they were known as "little crea tures." Genius, such as is displayed in the average country newspaper, de serves a better'reward. The Anti-Monopolists resolved in favor of honesty and economy and yet nominated Burleigh. Burleigh is the champion economist of the age. A few years ago he was driving fifty head of cattle to an Indian agency, a storm came up and the stock was stampeded, and Burleigh claimed, and obtained of the Government $50,C.00 damages. He economized $18,000 out of the Northern Pacific railroad, not long be fore the crash, last fall, and if elected will oppose the Northern Pacific exten sion bill, unless he can economize elec tion expenses out .of them. In Moulton's statement, as published in the western dailies of Aug 22d, there does not appear one line which adds to the force of Tilton's statement', or tends to 'disprove the reply of Beecher. It is simply a labored argument on the part of Moulton in behalf of Tilton, without one word of proof. The letters on which he basis his argument were not even shown to the committee. The verdict of the committee will undoubt edly be, not guilty, and such is the ver dict of nine-tenths of the people of the land, who have kept track of this pain ful affair. The Democratic Convention -met at Elk Point on the 20th, Dennis Henrie fin, of this place, representing Northern Dakota. There was a pretty fuH repre sention, but'it was anything but a har monious, affair, and when our mail accounts closed, it had made no nomin ations, and was in a terrible wrangle. The platform is long and touches on every thing but the Beecher scandal and the splendid time of Goldsmith Maid. It respites in favor of division of the territory, commends the Black' Hills expedition, and demands the extinguish ment of the Indian title. The Anti Monopolists, so called by Burleigh, in whose interest they met, gathered to the extent of 37, Clay, Yankton, Bon Homme, Union, Charles Mix, Buffalo' and Hutchinson coontics claiming rep resentation,' and nominated Burtefoh. If also ijesblvM In fyvoi^ the Blac^f ^itlsaV^^itiQn,7a]i4. the. immediate organisation of anew territory, V3 'Tnr~ig The Black Hills will certainly be opetied to settlement. The Washington ChifonicU, the recognized organ of the Government, says: The doom 4f the Indian in the Black Hills is sealed. The description of that magnificent coun try, its beautiful climate and topography, together with the fact that gold and other precious minerals have been found there in large quantities, settles the question as to whether Lo will-reside there any longer or not. Lo Is a bad tenant at best, ana Ous ter, the landlord pro tern., will doubtless give him an intimation to vaeate the premises. Since Burleigh was nominated for Congress by the anti-monopolist, it is said he has determined to build a fast line of steamboats for the Upper Mis souri, to erect a magnificent Opera House at Bismarck, a block of stores, and a magnificent public building, suit able for a capital, county* house or any thing else, and present it to Burleigh County. Also that he writes the Ex press that he will give Fargo the cap ital of the new territory, Jamestown a land office, and rid the whole country of grasshoppers, and guarrantee an abundance of rain, and good crops. Burleigh would make all of these pledges if asked to do so. The Sioux City Journal tells about the terrible disadvantages that trains will meet with in» the valley of the Lit tle Missouri, if they go to the Black Hills from Bismarck, but it so happens that they will not need to strike the Little Missouri on the route. The trouble that Custer met with on the Little Missouri was in Montana, when he swung seventy-five miles out of his way to see Ludlow's cave, of which the scputs gave such glowing accounts. He proceeded from there over into Wyom ing and entered the Hills from the west. The gold discoveries are wholly in Dakota, and within 250 miles of Bis marck, and not within 390 miles of Sioux City. Indeed Sioux City has never claimed to be nearer than 365 miles to the Hills. The Fargo Express, some time ago, was so anixous to secure the division of the territory that it said the people would take female suffrage, oriental representation, or anything else to se cure that end, but it is now understood that it is likely to oppose division for fear Bismarck will be made the capital of the new territory, and refuses to support Judge Kidder for Congress unless he will pledge himself to Fargo. The Judge, however, is a man too sen sible to go into the pledging business— except a pledge to labor to promote the general interests of the territory. If elected he will be the representative of the entire territory. If Bismarck wants a man to lobby through her capital interest, she will send one of her citizens for that purpose, and Fargo ought to do the same. Bismarck politicians have begun to count chickens before they are hatched, and are scheming to secure the location of the capital of the new territory at that out-of-the-way town. They hope to secure this end through the influence of Judge Kidder if elected, and of the Minnesota delegation. The Express would prefer to remain silent on the question of locating the capital, until there is a certainty of this Northern country possessing' one, but it has a preference in the matter, and will advocate the election of men to Con gress, who will act impartially for the good of Northern Dakota.—Fargo Ex press. i. Bismarck people have not agitated the capital question, nor have they ask ed Judge Kidder, Senator Ramsey, or anybody else for pledges in relation to the matter. They think it time to make a' move in that direction when the territory shall be divided. Bismarck is willing to do all it can to secure the division of the territory, and expects to take Its chances for the- capital. The Express pretends to want an impartial delegate, and yet it wants pledges, or some other consideration, before it will support anyone, hence its waiting. An impartial representative is just what the Express does not want, judging from its course. An Iowa man has sued a woman for calling bim a "skunk." and the verdict of the jury was "Not guil ty, but if she was we'd clear her." At Nlblo's, last evening, when Catherine Gaunt presented to FMher-Francis a package of letters with the speech,. "These will prove my innocence," a gallery godihooted shrilly, "Give 'em to Moulton!" Throughout the piece the audience seemed to cherish the idea tw^_''Griffith Gaunt" was a play written on the Beecher-Tilton scandal.—(Tropic. The Springfield Republican says: "The ^Newport haVe tMren to bathifig in public without fig mildly says it Would enough and [together it Is*shrewd •uicun^u ui nuu give New pott ajrep utatfon Tor.jHctureiqpeness,-- Oragonian. -H ?•».