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Bismarck tri-weekly tribune. [volume] (Bismarck, D.T. [N.D.]) 1875-1881, July 20, 1877, Image 1

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A BKFUBLlCAlf NKWHFAP*^ PUBLOMD
TRI-WKKLT AND 1TO.TBT
THE BI8HABCK TBIBVNE CO.,
Wmrck, Dakota Territory,
sroscairnoi nuca:
Tri-Weekly, OasYosr..... .........IS 00
Sh Martha -8 00
Three Moatha 1 7?
Weekly, J®
Hz Months 1#
Three Montha
immaoM nuu
OK
IAMI.
Tai-waaH-r:
OomicrKifli One Inch jr«r SlSjTwo
lncbea S25 4 inchca -$40 8 inehea »T0 15 fatehea
#1» one eobunn I1S0.
HoncM:—Teaceoii pir 11M iminiinini,
•obaaqaent InaaTtM fire centa. One-half added Tor
"SLEEKS"!
fines NoopmDfflrrtJbssertiocf $1*00#
^^nwRAsnmnK-Tta Haaa Hqw^LliI
taaertion$1J80 additional lines ST«cent# atdtttraal
taaertion8 centa per Una. Artreas:
C. A. L.»-^«*SSaSgf
Oar PaUla SehonL
A meeting to determine the location
and adopt fplans for the construction
of anew school house, Is called at the
present fschool house, on
the
27th,
2d
at
3
street, on
p. m., and we do hope
that the necessity for the construction of
school house is so deeply felt that peo­
ple interested will turn out. If the busi­
ness interests of the city do not feel the
necessity, it is to be regretted,- for every
interest suffers because of our lack of
school facilities, and, though not a Cath­
olic, we rejoice that Father Martin has
taken the matter in hand, and regret
that we have not a thousand dollars to
give in addition to our good will to help
along his school enterprise. But there
are others who will not be satisfied with
denominational schools and whose inter­
ests demand creditable public schools.
Bismarck never has enjoyed this advan­
tage and never can enjoy it until ar­
rangements are made for grading the
schools,—until cheerful rooms, properly
furnished, are obtained and teachers are
employed who love their profession and
are adapted to it.
Our first schools were held in tucked
up corners of private dwellings where
decent accommodations for a dozen pu­
pils could not be found. Then an unoc­
cupied church, badly seated and not
properly heated, was employed. This
would have answered the purpose but it
was neglected and the windows and
doors broken, and for a time, when it
was not used for a camping place for
Black Hillers, cattle found it to be an
excellent stamping ground.
Teachers were employed who only
cared to put in their time. One of them
found amusement in chewing gum and
reading novels while the children ran the
school. Others were but little better,
and it is not to be wondered that some
parents would prefer to send their chil­
dren to a pest house rather than to the
public school. Children sent to the school
came home talking of fighting and all
manner of deviltry instead of their lessons
and some were driven from the school
by act of violence which passed unrebuk
ed.
•So far as we can learn the school is
now properly managed but it lacks suita­
ble accommodations and until the school
can be graded, and an additional
teacher employed, time and money put in­
to it is worse than thrown away.
The meeting will be held at
3
p. m.
and we trust those interested will turn
out and we call upon the school board to
have in readiness some kind of a proposi­
tion. Let them choose a suitable location
or point out several locations stating the
terms that each can be had upon and
then let the people adppt or chose as the
case may be.
As to the building: let a plan be drawn
and an estimate as to the cost be made.
Bonds can only be issued to build a
brick school house, but, we presume a
brick veneered building will come under
that head.
Let the board invite our builders to fur­
nish them plans of a building of this
character to be completed for less than
four thousand dollars to be submitted to
the meeting.
If a copy of the law authorizing the
bonds has not been obtained let it be
done at once for the bonds can not be ne­
gotiated without it, and it must be cited
in the bond and should be printed on
their back.
There may be those opposed to the is­
sue of bonds. For their consideration
let plans of a cheaper house, to be built
by taxation be prepared, and let some ar­
rangement for its construction be sugges­
ted, Unless the board comes prepared
to submit propositions the appointment
of committees to do this work and one
adjournment after another will follow un­
til all interest in the subject dies out.
Think of it, Bismarck is now five years
old and has become the most' important
town on the North Pacific and has not
yet provided accommodations for a pub­
lic school. Shall this be longer said to
our discredit? ZZZ
,v
cm.
BY TELEGRAPH.
ttptotal.toauMiUmarek.Trfbnm.
iWiaiR STACK ROBBERY.
ST. PAUL, July
19th.—The Cheyenne
stage was robtied again on Monday, sear
Cheyenne river, and, of course the pas­
sengers were stripped of all their valua­
bles.
THIKVXS
made a raid on a freighters' camp! near
Crook City on Sunday, and stampeded
seventy horses and mules, Julius Hedge
losing fifty mules and the Sidney Trans
portain Company nine horses. The gang
numbered twelve. A company at
once organized and a severe conflict will
follow if the gang is overtaken, and the
territory will not be expected to pay trial
expenses.
A WAR PARTY
of Indians was seen near Spear Fish
yesterday. The party numbered' thirty
five,
TUB RASTBRN WAR.
Forty-five Russian battalians are now
north of Balkan, and are confronted by
by Sinleman Pasha with twenty thousand
soldiers.
M1MI9TBRIA1. CHANGES
continue in Turkey, but the war party
still predominates.
IN ARMENIA
the Russians are still retreating towards
the frontier.
Testimony in the
GROVBR INVESTIGATING
case yesterday, goes far to relieve Gov.
Grover of the charges against him, and
tends to implicate certain parties in the
manufacture of bogus evidence.
THE STRIKE
of the Baltimore & Ohio employees still
assumes formidable proportions,and they,
so far, remain masters of the situation.
In Martinsburg there are over two miles
of trains blockaded, and delayed trains
are unable to move in any direction. The
State having no regular military Gov.
Mathews has called upon the President
for troops to preserve the peace. The
President has complied with the requisi­
tion, sending six companies of infantry
to the theatre of war, and has issued a
proclamation warning the strikers to re­
turn to peaceful pursuits.
ANOTHER SUICIDE.
H. A. Childs, of Chaska, formerly
member of the Legislature from Hutch­
inson, committed suicide on Sunday, in
the woods near his residence, by cutting
his throat with a razor. Caused pre­
sumed to be mental derangement.
THE STRIKE.
ST. PAUL,June 20th.—The strike of the
employees of the Baltimore & Ohio rail­
road, which commenced at Martinsburg,
continues to grow, and now extends west­
ward as far as Chicago. The blockade
of trains at Martinsburg has been raised
and trains are running both ways, but
the movement has gained elsewhere more
than it lost by the breaking of this em
bargo. At Columbus the strike has as­
sumed a serious aspect, and the Gover­
nor has been called upon for troops. At
noon yesteiday the freight-train men on
the Western division of the Pennsylva­
nia road- struck, and last evening a large
meeting was held in Pittsburg and a de­
termination arrived at to continue the
strike and to base the fight on the re­
duction of wages, which went into effect
June ist, and against the doubhng of
trains. 1
THE RtJSSIAITWAR.
The situation south of Balkan is be­
coming critical, and rumors are current
of a strong Russian movement on Adri
anople. TheTurkiah army, appears to
be too scattered and ill managed to offer
effective resistance. Wholesale changes
in Turkish commands have taken place.
Abdel Kierun,Generalisuno, has been dis­
placed by Mehoflbet Ali Pasha., genii
man Pasha takes command of the army
in Roumelia, and war minister Redif
Pasha, has been dismissed,
THE GRASSHOPPERS
have left the Red River valley without
injury to crops.
On the
16th,
Chief Joseph
OFFERED TO SURRENDER'
to Gen. Howard, who agreed to 'accept
the same, but while negotiations were
progress the Indians folded their tents
like the Arabs and silently stole away.
Rhine Wine by the case or bottle at
M. Cahn's. 19
The ladies of Fort Lincoln gave a hop
In honor of the 22d, last evening.
The affair is said to have been very en­
joyable.
Mr. umber t, of Evansville, Ind.,.has
taken charge of Morris Cahn's establish­
ment, and is building up a handsome
trade. Sneaking of his wines and li­
quors, a remark was beard that they
are the best in the city. --,w.
.5/
3.*-
VOL. 5. BISMARCK, D. T, FRIDAY, JULY 20,1877.
Arrirsla salOaMHfinwMtailtiai
•rOsXtaflss
sadTaaais Opamfctfaas
tka Xsr W«M» Ear
275
Tilt
Trip to Tasgma Blw "lltwita
rfths JaawHw Paalaak, Qaa.
M—Am, Par Wort, Wntin, Bis
Hon, Jfce*—SOOTeaaaf SttrarOra.
AMKTXLM.
Dorfoe, CoolaoB, Beaten.
Kate BUM, ICarratU, Standing Beek.
Tannla Tatoai, Tomaand, Bentoa.
NMinns.
»aOCloud, Maatf* Beaton.
•OATS MS.
VonteoeUe, Braithwalte, It. Bentoa.
wmnmN I-BAT*.
Stasis
IMw, Maotgoattry, St loais
The E. H. Durfee arrival from Fort
Benton on Thursday. She brings
200
tons of silver ore, ana a large number of
robes and hides. She returns to Benton
leaving this evening.
Tile Red Cloud left for Fort Benton
Thursday evehing, carrying a good list of
passengers and about
100
tons of freight.
The Fannie Tatum arrived from Ben­
ton last evening. The difficulty between
her owners and officers having been ad­
justed to the satisfaction of all concerned.
Capt- Montgomery has takencharge of her
and she will leave for St. Louis on Sunday.
The Key West arrived at Buford yes­
terday, from Tongue River, and will
leave Buford to-day on her fifth* trip tak­
ing
tons of government freight.
The Josephine will leave Benton to-day
and the Benton to-morrow for Bismarck.
These boats have made excellent time
on their trips.
The Benton packets report the river
low above Fort Peck. The Yellowstone
and Missouri below Buford are falling
rapidly.
The Key West reports the Peninah,
Gen. Meade, Far West, Big Horn and
Rosebud above Tongue River. The
Rosebud will leave for Tongue River as
advertised elsewhere.
The Gen Custer is loaded for the Big
Horn and will leave this evening or to­
morrow.
The Kate Kinney, R. W.Dugan, Fan­
nie Tatum, Gen. Custer and £. H. Dur­
fee are in port.
Stage Robbery.
The eastward bound stage was robbed
near North Moro, about one hundred
miles from the Black Hills, Wednesday
evening at
6 A. K.
The stage had on
board five gentlemen, two ladies and the
messenger and driver. The road agents,
five in number, halted the stage from a
gully,as it reached the middle of* steep
bill, and when the order was given to
halt and for the passengers to get out
and form a line while the gentlemanly
robbers went through them, everybody
felt like obeying|orders but when Burt
Wilmont, the driver, was ordered to
join them he flatly refused, and told
them to commence shooting just as soon
as they liked as he would die before he
would abandon his team. So they al­
lowed him to remain in his seat.
They stood Paul Blum, the messenger,
off at one side with a double barrel shot
gun and made him hold up his hands
until his arm* ached, but did notdis
turb him, the driver, or the ladies, or
the contents of their pocket books, and
went through the passengers as else­
where stated*
When the stage was first halted they
ordered the surrender of the "pi box"
(treasure box) and failing to find that,
they expressed regret that necessity
compelled them to go through the pas­
sengers, for they had not intended te
do that. So they formed the passen­
gers in line and lifted their circulating
medium. From one poor .miner, who
had a telegram in his pocket calling him
home to meet a dying wife, they took
$180. A bank cashier from Corruna,
Mich., gave up fifty cents. Bill Coul­
ter, of St. Paul, gave up $3,75 and
abused them for hoggishness, until they
Srezier,ofbadePaul,odd
ive him: his nicUes. J. A.
St gave up about $17.
00, and' other* parties enorigh to make
$211.00—not a very fat take. The gen­
tlemanly operators refused all small
ehtsga and refused gold watches and
everything of' that „sort but- the cur
rency~they~ sfcid' they needed in their
business. The robbery was a cool one,
and from all accounts they found a cool
load of passengers, who had prepared
themselves for road agents by shipping
thsi^VaWisbles by express instead of
carrying their ducats on, their persons.
The repeated robberies on the Cheyenne
route had led them to expect trouble and
to prepare for it. All of the passengers
commend the action of Bort Wilmont,
and the conclusion is forced that if there
is any such thing as promotion in the
stage business, Burt deserves it.
The 22d, will leave for Detroit, Mich,
about next week. Some of the compan­
ies have marched 2300 miles during the
past year.
FOB SALE CHEAP.
Carriage atnbu-
lance(novel),or would exchange for pha­
eton and pair of ponies. Inquire of
Col. Tilford, Ft. Lincoln. 20t3f.
The Catholic School.
The church will be used for a school
house. The building is 28x58. Eight
teen feet will be partitioned off for the
use of the sisters, leaving a room 28x40
for the school. The priest's house,now
being built, is 16x25. Everything will
be ready for the school by the first of
September.
tin.
ud Cast.
ItnilaWsNXflbd.
The Boaeman Courier prints the state
mentof Howard, the scout who was sent
to see Sitting Bull by Gen -Miles recent­
ly. It says:
Howard, some years ago, nutrrieda
niece ot Sitting Bull, and having lived in
his camp and being regarded as one of
thfem, was selected as peculiarly able to
tobtain
information as to the chiefs pres­
ent location, force and intentions. He
returned on June
16th
to the Cantonment
and gives the following facts:
-Many of Custer's men were run down
and over by mounted Indians,, who dis­
patched them with their knives as they
fett, and, while the Indians admit the loss
of many in killed, they assert the troops
"were annihilated within about
30
min­
utes from the time the attack commen­
ced. Custer, with a few men, retreated
some distance, and Sitting Bull admits
could have escaped, but he suddenly re­
versed and ordering a charge, the devo­
ted remnant'rushed to certain death, dis­
charging their revolvers into the ranks
of the savages. Custer killed five him­
self and after his last shot, beat in the
skull of a Sioux who grappled with him,
with the butt of his pistol, receiving his
own mortal wound as his last victim tum­
bled from his horse. At first he was not
recogni2ed, being regarded merely as a
scout, but was soon identified by Sitting
Bull himself, bis body was placed in a
sitting position by the side of two dead
soldiers, and left unharmed.
The story circulated that Tom Custer's
heart was cut out is denied, but it is ad­
mitted he was pulled from his horse and
killed with knives, while poor Sturgis
was killed, stripped, and his mutilated
corpse thrown into the river. The In­
dians tell of two soldiers who threw down
their arms and surrendering, were releas­
ed and told to go to their people and
warn them of their impending fate were
the Sioux not left in possession of their
country. But the following day the men
returned partially crazed, and being met
by Indians who had been engaged in
Reno's fight, were killed as soon as cap­
tured.
Howard recognized many trophies
captured from the Custer command—
among them the horse and equipments
of Capt. Cook, and other captures from
the men who rode to death that fatal day.
As these stories were related by Indians
engaged in the massacre, to one regard­
ed almost as a Sioux, and of whose busi­
ness among them they had no suspicion,
they are probably true, and are of inter­
est, being until now untold. It has al­
ways been imagined that Custer sacrificed
himself rather than meet the criticism
probably to follow the movement ending
so disastrously, or that in a moment of
desperation he determined to die with
his command, when he recognized the
mistake he had made. These ideas re­
ceive support from the stories Howard
brings, and prove that Custer and per­
haps other officers might have escaped to
tell the tale.
Inverted Soldiers.
A regiment quartered at a certain town
in Scotland had among them an expert
gymnast, who taught his brother subal­
terns how to walk across the barrack room
on their hands. While engaged one
evening, the door opened, and the colo­
nel, a stern disciplinarian, entered the
room, looked attentively at the invited
company, shook his head gravely, and
departed without uttering a word. An
order to be on parade next morning was
the least punishment expected for the
breach of diecipline. Some days passed,
however, and, no notice being taken, it
was thought an apology and explanation
should be offered by the prime instigator
of these unsoldiirly movements. A ref­
erence being made to the memoriable
night, the col. amazed the intended apol­
ogist by exclaiming:
"Hush, sergeant, I would not have any­
body know it for the world! "JTie fact is,
I had been dining out with an old. broth­
er officer who had served with me in In­
dia, an'pen my life, I had no idea the
wine could have such an effect upon 9•,'
but when came to see if yoii were all
right in your quarters I could have sworn
that I saw you all upside down!"
The old colonel was las ready as a di
plomast, and kindness was the considera­
tion which caused him to attribute to
himselt the "upside down."
Tho Brainerd Brandt Railroad.
St. Cload Joardsl.
From Gen. Bosser, chief engineer of
the Brainerd branch, who was in the
city Monday, we learn that the work of
grading is being pushed steadily ahead,
and that track laying will begin cer­
tainly by August 1st and possibly by the
20th of the present month. President
Wright has purchased the iron at Clevis
land, O., from which point it will be
shipped by the lakes to Dulutb' and
from there brought by rail to Brainerd.
It was expected that the iron at B.aluth,
belonging to DeGraff Co., would be
used, but on account of the net-work
of legal complications in which its own­
ership is still involved, there would be
too much delay before woik could be­
gin. and it was decided to purchase iron
at the East. It is expected that the
road will be completed with the cars
running thereo by the date previously
fixed, September 15 th.
In view of the robberies which have
been .perpetrated on the Cheyenne and
Sydney routes, the Northwestern Com­
pany running stages from Deadwood to
Bismarck will hereafter send a mount­
ed guard with the stages carrying treas­
ure.
Wetee aad Jfora.
The Detroit Daily Post and Tribune
has been consolidated.
Carson, the Sioux Falls murderer,
plead guilty of manslaughter in the first
degree.
The second infantry has been sent
froth Georgia to Idaho, reinforcing Gen.
Howard.
Wade ^Hampton has been invited to
deliver the annual addreis at the Minne­
sota State Fair.
A Cheyenne dispatch mentions the
murder or two men and a woman -by In­
dians near the Black HQls.
Placer mine No. 6, above .Discovery
Deadwood gulch, after a week's sluicing
last week, cleaned up three hundred and
twenty ounces of geld dust valued at
about fifty-seven hundred dollars.
The Bulgarian Chritians took the .first
opportunity to avenge the atrocities of
Turks last year, when thousands of £heir
number were massacred because they
were Christians. It is claimed that Mo
hamedan children and old people were
slaughtered in cold blood, and the Mo
hamedatts are fleeing.
Wasted tela Aitod
There is an old fellow residing in a
pretty country village bat a few miles
from this city, as we are "credibly in­
formed," says the Rondout(N. Y.) Fru
man, who is somen hat addicted to pota
tions and when he takes them at all,
he potates rather freely. Once on a
Saturday, but a short time since, he had
become considerably inebriated. Sun­
day found him as mellow as Saturday
left him, and in addition to the stock
of whiskey in him, he felt a desire to
attend the sanctuary. So to the "metin'
house" he went. Parson a worthy
old dominie, was instructing his Bible
class. Old Charlie walked in, sat down
quite demurely in a pew. He listened
very attentively to the questions and
answers for a few minutes, but being
anxious to show his knowledge of
"Scriptur," and doctrine, he stood up,
steadying himself on the back of the
pew in front of him with both hands,
and said he:
"Dominie, ask me some o' them hard
quesshuns."
"Uncle Charles," said the dominie,
with a solemn face and a drawling tone,
"don't you know that you are In the
bonds of sin and the depths of iniquity?"
"Yes 'ir, and the gall of bitterness,
toe. Ask me 'nother quesshun.'
"Fight it Out."
KefrHfctaaBe£aterr
A story is told of the daughter of a
prominent person now in the lecture
field, who is peculiarly interesting and
suggestive of unconscious wisdom. A
gentleman was invited to the lecturer's
home to tea. Immediately on being
seated at the table, the little girl as­
tonished the family circle and the guest
by tbe abrupt question:
"Where is your wifef
Now the gentleman having been re­
cently separated from the partner of
his life, was taken so completely by
surprise that he stammered forth the
truth:
"I don't know."
"Don't know!" replied the enfant
terrible. "Why don't you know?"
Finding that the child persisted in
lier interrogatories, despite the mild
reproof of her parents, he concluded to
make a clean breast of the matter and
have'it over at once. So he said with a
calmness which was tbe result of in*
ward expletives:
"Tell, we don't live together we
think, aa we can't agree, we'd better
not."
He stifled a groan as the ebild began
again, and darted an exasperated look
at her parents. But the torment would
not be quieted, until die explained:
"'"Can't agree 1" Then why don't you
ifigbt it oat, as pa and ma dof
''Yengeance is mine," laughingly re­
torted the visitor, after "pa and ma"
exchan
edby
'J"-' *1.—r •.. f-.. •. •'.'• '•.• ***.&,
looks of holy horrer, follow
inevitable roar.
HeflarrHT-i Works.
We find ifian exchange an interesting
description of the celebrated reduction
and separating works
at Wales. We have
-room only for a brief extract. The wri­
ter says: "The Swansea works are most­
ly subterranean, extending for about a
half mfl^ underground, the compartments
are each separated from the ottyer, and
the man wno has charge ofanyone apart|
ment is completely walled out from his
neighbors on all odes, so that no one
knows what the next one to him is doing.
The employes live in such prisons all
their lives, have no communication with
each other, or the outside world hence
if one quits hejknows nothing except that
he was required to use certain propor­
tions of chemicals to extract a given met­
al, as the rivulet of molten matter passed
through his chamber. This is the rea­
son why no one can be found who knows
the modus operandi of the Swansea works,
from personal observation, few no one but
the proprietors themselves understand it,
and they will not impart the information
for the simple reason that all the world
pavs tribute to them. Yes, the little
^Velsh corner by the sea has cargoes of
mineral Irom every country on the globe
unloaded at her wharves."
N. P. Clark frss purchased Henry
Kalkman'8 drove of one hundred beef
cattle, which hss been herded near Bis­
marck for some days. Mr. €lark and
associates bare -the beef contracts^
Forts Lincoln, Bice, Sully and Totten,
Snd
at. Cheyenne andCampHarack.
NO. sa
CUeago flaMS Ioterrlaw vitt Col. M. V.ShaMso,
of Geo. KwrfaWa Staff.
On the 7th of July a pbenominally
violent hailstorm oceurred at the month
of the Big Horn river. Col. Sheridan,
who readied there the day following,
was told that seme of tbe hailstones
were larger than a man's fist, and this'
assertion did not appear improbable in
view of the damage don*. There are
between seven hundred and eight hun­
dred lodges of Crow Indians at that
point, ana their herds numbered eve* a
thousand ponies. Six hundred ponies
were kQledhj the haiL Tbe shower of
missiles was too modi for them, aod,
after one being knocked down, they
were soon pelted to death. In the storm
the herds stampeded to the river bank,
and one hnndrad more were crowded
into the tarbalent current and drowned,
being too much dazed and stunned to
keep their heads above water. The In­
dians were bewailing their loss bitterly.
The reporter inquired of Col. Sheri­
dan as to the stage of work upon tha
new post at the month of the Little
Horn. He replied that Gen. Buell was
superintending the construction, and
hid a force of one hundred mechanics
at work, and was expecting to increase
the number of artisans and laborers to
two hundred. Tbe threa companies
stationed there are also assisting in the
work. Nearly two thousand ootton
wood logs had been cut two small band­
ings for the storage of supplies, etc.,
had been completed a saw mill had just
commenced operations, and the survey
of the reservation had been completed.
Gen. Buell is determined to preserve
the timber in the vicinity of the post,
and has accordingly forbidden the cut*
ting of logs within a radius of eight
miles. The lodge poles left by the
Sioux when they fled so precipitately
after the fight with Custer, are being
utilized in the
CONSTBUCTIOH OT THE BABXACKS.
Geo. Buell expects to have quarters
ready for twelve companies by the mid­
dle of October. Work is progressing,
but not so rapidly, upon the new bar­
racks at the mouth of Tongue river,
two buildings havinjg completed.
Army officers who have been station­
ed in that region for dozen years told
Col. Sheridan that they had never be­
fore seen, at this season of the year, so
much snow on the Big Horn mountains.
From all, accounts there had been no
perceptible diminution of last winter's
snow, and this had been steadily added
to by fresh falls during May and June.
Several prospectors had arrived at the
new post on the Little Horn who had
made an unsuccessful attempt to pene­
trate beyond the Big Horn range. The
snow barred their progress at every
point. In some of the ravines high up
on the sange it lay to the depth of twen­
ty and thirty feet. It was reported
that the snow was melting sodowly
that the streams wonld most likely con­
tinue bank full all summer. A party
of six prospectors came in to the post
together from over about the Big Hera
mountains. They had left the Dead
wood diggings early in the season, but
had not met with flattering success,
owing to the depth of soow in the re­
gion which they intended to explore in
a search for new mines. These six fel­
lows had been tramping around all sum­
mer without any weapon more formida­
ble than a jackknife in the party. It
was only chance that they didn't lose
their scalps.
Col. Sheridan spoke enthusiastically
of the beauty of the Big Horn valley.
At the junction of that stream with the
Yellowstone, in a picturesque park,
town has been laid oat It is called
Big Horn City. At present the city
consists of three or four families, who
have built log cabins, and are making
some effort to cultivate the soil.' One
enterprising fellow, an emigrant from
Montana, is cultivating a garden of 40
acres, which is yielding an abundance
of vegetables. He expMts to find sale
for all his trade among the soldiers,
steamboatmen, prospectors and hunters.
Col. Sheridan thinks that of all abom­
inations in this world, or in the world
to come, tbe Yellowstone and Upper
Missouri mosquito is tbe most abomina­
ble. At Fort Buford, on his way down,
he found every offiaer and soldier wear­
ing a close' fitting head net, and the
whole command enveloped ifli smoke
arising from a hundred "smudges," or
fires. Still there was no sleep or rest
for the men. Some were nearly crazed
by the torture. Any one who has ever
been bitten by a Yellowstone mosquito
will not need to be told bow itieels.
One mosquito can annoy bim exceeding­
ly, while a dozen may throw him into
spasms', but a swarm of them can suck
him dry of blood, eat all the flesh off his
bones, and chew up and spit out his
clothes and shoes in just four minutes
by any chronometer in the land. The
Yellowstone mosquito can't be iotimU
dated or bulldozed. He won't fly at the
motion of a hand. When he locates on
nan be settles for good, and you may
pull his legs out by the roots and he
won't let go—not until he gets his little
belly fall. Seriously, the soldiers sta­
tioned in that country find life-almost
unendurable at this season of the year.
Steamers took passengers ard baggage
from the tecwid story of hotels at Fisn
er's landing a few day
sago, tl water in
the streets being ten feet de p. wmne
peg is also under water,
„v
il.
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