*ft\u.tte l''»' rcn " l P r '' y '' r .\
Uttlo bln.f morninuKuia
^v«l I« IUu ' nornln * ® ,r -
rn'-al boare inoirlmont
^ h, for kill* null kin,
of ivork thrown in.
ik ituil a ßlance above
. lc ,01m; .ve il luft'lo dsy.
-•CincJunatl Commercial ( Jazotte.
Let art!« old
«Good morn! UK
......i lovely dayl"
farted ri.tl.er K'.ilry from the stoopin'.
: in w |,idi the voice of my unknown
P os ' lltl ' l ! b ill accosted me. In truth and
«IM engagée] in examining the
^ h Aetl inioriufi* of " «vhceful little bout
P s ".,.,, l ,l i HV on the »bore, a ml méditât
my='-lf how w ry n-renable n row
w 1 t | 1( . , r j»tal liike would hethrouifh
^ lcll( e of ihe purple Au K u»t daybreak,
^•ood inoruliisl" I responded, turning to
ik imuirins gaze of n tall, gentle
!"k lonkid« [wraouage, apparently m oot
r atsof age, who stood leaning against
suli> cute. r He wus dark and handsome,
'all piercing eyes, « forehead slightly bald,
dsiethkick mustache, twisted jauntily
•nrfioiii u »mail, nervous mouth and bis
'*: faa tasteful and faultless in the last
Etc Hr had taken olT Ids light straw
huto erect me, and now stood apparently
tWiiitioy some more definite explanation
your liar.lua, sir." I stammered,
atber confused, I I dope I am not treu
MssinS on private grounds?"
"Why, sir, you are undeniably on private
_oi, D iis," returned the stranger, smiling,
®but I tbinli won't call it by any such
harsh name ns trespassing You are stay
win tbe neighborhood?
"lamstavingnt the Iaike house for the
lOtDiacr," 1 explained, "and I suppose my
morning walk has led tno farther than I at
"l'oa are about six miles from t he house,
gir" returned my companion courteously;
"and, judging from your occupation when
|oQC dow n to the gate, you would not
object to ciu-ising back by water?"
Hashed, and acknowledged the fact.
"To tell the truth, sir, I was just think
ing how cool and pleasant a short row
would b<?. In fact, if the boat ha<l not U*en
fastened I should most assuredly have
braved all consequences, and boldly ad
ventured the experiment."
•I think ue can overcome that ob
jectiou/'siid r '• ' * »inrer, quiet !y turning
to an old rail . . .mso guarded trunk
overhung the transparent tide, and draw
( n gakey from its hollow depths, "Sup
pose we get up an appetite for breakfast
together? I am not an inexperience^ oars
oan myself, aud I suppose yon under
Stand the art of propelling on the water?"
"Just give me an opportunity, and see if
Idon't indicate rny education in aquatic
mutters," I said, in high good humor,
springing into toe fairylike little shell,
followed by my new acquaintance. "Real
ly,sir,this U an unexpected treat. I scarce
lyknow how to thank you sufficiently for
"Then do not attempt," said the gentle
man, inclining his head wit h a dignified,
high bred politeness which impressed me
niorenud more in his favor. '1 assure you
the gratification is entirely mutual. Pull
to the right a little; wo shall get entangled
in yonder floating sheet of water lilies if
wcarc not careful. Upon my word this is
amo-r perfect morning for the water."
It was indeed! Across t lie diamond glit
ter of the lake the golden splendors of an
August m in rise were just, beginning to lie
reflected, and in the distance a range of
dim, misty mountain peaks leaned against
ti» horizon like far off sentinels, almost
losing their outline in the blue radiance of
the cloudless heavens.
"I wish I wa re an artist !" broke almost
Involuntarily from my lips.
My companion smiled.
"Need a man he an artist to enjoy the
beauties of such a scene as this?" he asked.
"A little more toward yonder point, if you
please, sir. Now we are out in the chan
nel, and you can pull «is hard or as easy as
you choose. Tiie boat will almost move of
herself, in fact."
He threw down his oars and leaned back
lathe stern, adjusting his straw hat so as
to shield his ey es from the too vivid glare
of the morning sunshine.
"One scarcely thinks of civilization in
suchu secluded spot as this," he murmured
kzay. i supp iMj there isn't a living s»oui
within a mile of us, always excepting birds
l T suppose uot," I assented.
But nevertheless the forms and cere
monies of society cannot entirely be cast
aside. May I know whom I have had the
pleasure of helping to an hour's enjoy
I drew my card from my waistcoat
pocket and handed it across with a smile.
veruon Cheveley, eh? A very pretty
name, sir. I congratulate myself on rank
ing your acquaintance. Will you uliow
me to reciprocate your frankness*"
He bowed low as lie presented me with a
crumpled bit ot brown paper that he ex
racted from au old cigar case. Upon it
was I ascribed, iu staring letters of red ink,
the one word "Albert."
tioned^'^ 110 '" 1 ^voluntarily ques
Albm, sir!" refuel my companion,
j r »ng •nto a sitting posture and regard
ingiriC Hiih stern ili-nity; ' Prince Albert,
Wales'" rt °* Scotland and
Istaredat him adjust Wus tlie man
mad or dreaming?
J °! lr *' nom . sir"' ho said, with a
»—•p.sudneu imperiousness. "Have you
10reverence for royalty?"
knr.ro 'l u iek sign almost before
bC„ i " tlwasdoi „S- Hc «mil«l com
S ' y ,' at , tb0 saiue time draw-ins «
~ J , tla ? e * stjr from his yocket anil
Kr^'elj aflixms it to the left breast of his
ivelr _C - 111 ' trieud," he went on impress
Driiinn J0U aro no ' v * n the presence of the
Är t0 ; Grcat UrUainl M, * u »*»'•«
iilio t I '^'•'■"sslves disseminating the
knows," ilt 1 " as d, -' a,1; that's all they
u2r n l T t 1 am n °t dead; and, what
witi, .l' 1 "ever shall die. 1 am privileged
lun-. «» i "! U 01 everlasting existence. As
neve.. ' ear this jeweled star death can
wtno near me!"
'Verv nn™| C ° Id P ers P>ration oozing from
iniself ln mv body; 1 could utmost feel
«Med th-uV"' 0 as 1 became tully con
lake sin,,,, ,, , was out » pen the solitary
*hen first t 1 ' ' mad,na ti' * hdd heard,!
that tlies. 1 c ' me to this mountain retreat,
In He • " as a hirge asylum somewhere
affair a hatl *'«ver given the
^Ktho <»r\ C0Dt ^ t ^ lou SHt. Now I was reap
ro ^k]essnesr^ UCnCeS °* my own smt *
tom piercing eyes roved restlessly
t^tej on t0 ol *J ect - Suddenly they
M Vo-i Billed countenauce.
i ; a cP a1 *'
( *°n t believe what I am saying?"
^aamn lLMn, ,' rance of wh;lt 1 ha<1 oftea
the no iri kar ^ ul)ol H the expediency—nay,
(ÏQlirimî m ncce ssity—that existed for in
m., ........J-iuut IC
bom, ? 0munia( 's to th(i top of f
their .vi, i ,atever "'Bim might po:
their irinriI lUUever ' vllim niight possess
4l rcnlv ;.'°, ccu, ' re B to me, and I hastened
ut course I believe it! Why
^°plc ai!. 1 ^ sh ? llldu 't you, indeed? Dut
S ° p '^' ca ^ nowadays. Now,
w Ren Vj cr uuwauayi. flow,
tliy hni,c« r , lnanue l was staying at
' an( l Pope Pius came down
by \vqi. ./ I - - "F« a iua vainc uoiru
1C *^ eclitcrra Qean— Take care!
I jJJ '* rc you going?'»
Cew Ln? t0 tll ^ e ^vantage of the
His troubled mind
beat ihüL-nJ^l} 0 ^* rect course of the
Wa «i, but his cunning, roving
•ye was upon me in an instant
me IV' t '"t t '.'L WlD A v * r » bot here." 1 *tam
îmiw ! ,hou Fht, per hip., w * »bould
Und it cooler on »hör«*."
"Ah-h-h!" be hl«*d. putting 1,1. face M
clo« no mine aa to glare up Into mvTv«
hat "v ,n' »7 ~ wor rl '> »rimmed
Ï Uhe7 Ï 7.r, h5|Ka:rite '
you i. ' 1 " Prepared for
And with a burn of laughter,eodUonant
turned U, ice in my vein. a. |t dazzled
acr,,«, my vision. «*zzled
' I'lit up the knife, y„nr royal highness "
I »aid, counterfeiting an offhand ease that
l »ai the more anxious to secure his at.
tontion a. I saw „, üvia g ™ £
•bore, sen ree I y |„df a mile aws/lrom u,
thvr n "',' e . r | nf , " w, ' ite ''«'Ikerchief and
then n total dis.ppmranee of the. figures 0
Help was at hand, I felt quite sure, Ti
TOiild only maneuver so as to reach It.
.m. not about the queen," said the poor
maniac; that grieves and afflicts me » He
kT; ' : k,,if :r h ? e ' ,okB - y"
know, he continued, "I am haunted?"
Haunted? I said.
"Yes haunted by a horrible, ugly old
VnE'd " W T' » female fiend.
Now, do you know, he Raid, moving close
UP to me, and speaking in a low, my,*7
ous voice, she won't let me alone ?" 1
"She won't, Sometimes she climbs up
among the stars at night, and sits there
winking through my bedroom wiudow all
night long. Sometimes she comes jump
ing down from the clouds among the rain
drops, and sometimes- There she is now
with Ihree pair of fins and a face like a
I " e "«* red eldritch screech as he
looked down into the clear, shining depths
Let's eben ï a: from berl" 1 exclaimed
vigorously seizing my oars. "She can't
"No, she can't. We niight hide among
the woods, only, if she should turn into a
squirrel and jump upund down among the
trees—she does sometimes!"
"Well, then, we'll borrow a guu and dis
pose of her," I said, still pulling desperate
ly toward the shore, while the perspiration
cold and clammy as midnight dews, steam
ed down my temples.
"What are you in such a devil of a hurry
for?" demanded my companion, rather mo
rosely. "Hold hard a little, can't you?"
I checked my exertion. Kvidently be
was in no humor to lie trifled with.
"No hurry at all," I said, as calmly as
possible; "only, you see, the old witch is
following you up pretty closely, and"_
"We «re too near the shore," he inter
We were within a few rods of the cluster
ing hushes that I knew contained help.
Oh, heaven, could 1 but reach their friendly
shelter. How like n mass of lead my heart
sank in my bosom as I saw him catch up
the oars and strike out once more in a con
But ns be turned hi« head away l caught
up the sheat hed knife and flung it hurtling
upon the shore.
"What's that?" he demanded, turning
"It a your witch," I said, as unconcerned
ly as I could. "Don't you think we ought
to go ashore aud see what has become of
His eyes roved restlessly along the green
"I don't know; what do you think?"
"Why she is your enemy. No doubt it
was she who spread the report of your
death. \ ou ought to address her in a con
ciliatory manner, and if you could once
bring her to terms what would prevent
you from assuming your proper station
once more in England?"
"That's very true. Here, head her in
toward the land. I wonder I never thought
of that before."
Poor fever brained lunaticl Even in the
consciousness of my own mortal peril my
heart ached for the crazy flights of his
We were close to the friendly land; the
long, silver green tresses of the willows
almost tiuched the bow of the boat when
my strange companion started to his feet,
witn a yell that aroused all the echoes float
ing over the peaceful lake.
"Traitor—spy! double-dyed villain! you
have l>een deceiving me. Your hirelings
lurk among yonder bushes. But it is in
vain! The royalty of England shall never
fall a prey to base artifices like these."
He sprang toward me like an infuriated
tiger. At the sam; time the shore seemed
to become alive with hurrying figures, and
with a la«t impulse I caught up the rope
that lay coiled at the bottom of the boat,
with one eud affixed to au iron hook, and
threw it desperately shoreward. I could
see a tall form plunging waist deep in the
water to grasp at it, and then the cliuging
arms of my terrible companion were
wreathed around me. aud I knew no more.
"Are you better, sir?"
"Better? Yes—no—I can't tell. Where
"Here, at a little inn, snug in bed; but
you've had a stormy time of it. What on
earth possessed you to go ou# in a boat
with that pool geutiemau?"
"Mad, isn't he?" I asked, with all the
frightful occurrences crowding back upon
my mind, as one may remember the hide
ous fantasies of a troubled dream.
"Mad as a March hare, sir; thinks he's
Prince Albert. They say he's the worst
wise in ail the asylum, sir—escaped last
uight, and has been wandering about the
shores all the morning."
"Is he safe at last ?"
"Yes, sir; they had the deuce of a time
getting hold of him, though. He threw
you overboard as if you iiad i»eeu a willow
twig, and then swam like a fish himself.
Dick Dayton—that's his keeper, sir—says
he's got the strength of twenty Samsons in
those long arms of his."
So ended that long, frightful morning
among the peaceful solitudes of Shadow
Lake; but I carry an everlasting memorial
of it in the shape of a single lock of hail
that gleams, white ns silver among the
chestnut luxuriance that c urls over mv
temples. While I live, and while that lock
retains its ghastly whiteness. I shall evei
remember my peril and deliverance—New
"For the Children."
People often make a pretense of going to
the theater, as they do of goiug to the
circus, "to please the children." i hildren
arc thoughtlessly fond of spectacles of a
most any kind, and certain parents, with
one thought for their offspring and two for
themselves, often take their little ones to
see spectacles that are in the highest de
gree harmful to them.
One show of a theatrical description lias
itt il a considérable exhibition of horses;
and ns children are fond of horses, ; «'Helps
more people go to it than to any other,
"jnat to take the children.
Ami what do the children and their very
kind elders see daily in this show?
A scene in which a supposed horse thief
Is drawn up by a rope about his neck to
the limb of a tree, supposedly hauged. and
then riddled with ballets from the revolv
ers of It large uumber of very hilarious
cowboys. . . , ^
This exhibition, in which the youug peo
pie who see it are taught to regard what
would really be a murder as a sort of bril*
liant joke, is brutalizing in the extreme
It tends to encourage the spirit of levity
with which violent death Is regarded by
far too many Americans, and perceptibly
to debase any who do not regard it with
abhorrence. . ,
This is not an unfair example of the
spectacles which grown people sometime*
go to "for the sake of the children.
REVELATIONS OF BLOODY sacri
fices ON A LONELY ISLAND.
" ,,B " *........ ..... th . H „ d ,
of .1 ■■linnU .r.vld.nc* That Ilordm of
People o»ee Worehlped There—An
'Vor, !T Uif " 1 lak - 0* Nicaragua there
II , , , ", "" mb< ' r '•< islands, one of
them called /«putera, which has been for
li on sands of years a seat of ancient Indian
worship. 1 | 1L . island is not inhabited and
I« only partly known to native» and for
eigners. Having heard of some important
discoveries recently made by a German
achteologist, wbo was formerly connected
with Dr. Bcblieniann's excavations la
Majcenal, I decided to pay a visit to the
Arrived at a small hay. the shorea of
which were adorned with hundreds of lazy
alligators, I reached a landing place, where
the remains of a small artificial harbor are
»till to tie recognized. Hence I was guided
by an Indian to a staircase hewn id huge
rocks, ln asceDding the hill I counted TOT
Arrived at the top, I saw a vast plain, in
the center of which rise seven elevations
that form a I^atin cross. These hills are
surrounded by annmbernf small ceme
tenes, that evidently contain the remains
of victims sacrificed to the (seven times
seven) forty-nine idols, besides statues of
priests and kings cut out of hard, black
polished granite. The elevation that forms
the center of the cross is about twice the
size of the remaining six, and is some hun
dred feet in diameter. On the top of it are
seven large sacrificial stones, surrounded
by vessels into which the blood of the vic
tims ran when the rites were performed.
It is evident that on the center hill the
high priests performed their bloody office,
as on the smaller elevations the sacrificial
stones are smaller and of inferior work
The center hill is adorned with seven
huge idols, some of them perfectly pre
served. The principal one represents a fig
ure about fourteen feet high, showing a
striking likeness to Assyrian idols, and
wearing a long beard, on which remains of
red coloring are still visible. The head is
covered with a huge elephant's head. On
one side of this rather hideous idol stands
a female figure of very fair appearance,
whose features are strikingly Egyptian.
The head is covered with the head of a
lioness, the mouth wide opeu. On the
other side is the statue of a high priest,
whose headpiece consists of a big snake
curled up, fitting the grim looking face
like the turban of an Eastern priest. In
the right hand the figure holds a short
knife, while the left holds something that
looks like a human heart. The other idols
represent both male and female figures,
the former of hideous aspect., while the lat
ter present pleasant faces.
The ears of the female figures are pierced
with holes, which served to hold earrings,
as one of these was found buried in the
soil. The value of the gold and iiearls in
it amounted to some $500. not including
its artistic and urchæological value; the
workmanship was very fine. The heads
of all these statues are covered with mon
j strous heads of lions, alligators, tigers,
horses, sheep aud other animals, the spe
cies of which it is impossible to deter
miue. Most of the statues are iu a very
fair state of preservation, while some
have been disfigured by shocks of earth
quakes. Judging from the effects of
the weather upon these idols, they must
be thousands of years old, considering the
hard quality of the stone and the damage
done. Thanks to the hidden position of
the place, it has escaped destruction by
tiie hands of the fanatical Spanish priest.
On some of the idols there are hieroglyphic
inscriptions that have absolutely nothing
iu common with the rude inscriptionsgen
erally found on ancient Indian remains iu
Descending again the artificial stairc.ose
I remarked that it must have been loug in
use, as it was pretty well worn out by foot
steps. It evident ly led to one of the prin
cipal places of worship, where masses of
people congregated during certain periods
of the year to witness the bloody rites of
their priestcraft. That the place was in
habited, except perhaps by a few guardiaus,
is not probable, for the surroundings con
sist of barren rocks, and traces of habita
tions are not found.
From this gloomy place 1 went to a
smaller island, which certainly in times
past formed part of Zapatera. Ou this
barren spot, which is partly covered by
volcanic ashes, stands a monolith about
200 feet in diameter. The top is covered
with a variety of cabalistic signs—tigers,
lions, snakes, hippopotami and other
strange animals—all hewn in rock and
partly disfigured by the weather. Very
remarkable ure a great many Latin, Mal
tese and Greek crosses, beautifully worked
and well conserved. In the center of the
surface there is a large, stately figure of
grim appearance holding a smaller figure
tight in each hand, perhaps the repre
sentation of a powerful chief holding his
vanquished foes. Tiie place is covered with
üiscriptions that bear a great resemblance
}o the ancient inscriptions ou the island of
Cyprus. Professor Max Muller, of Ox
ford, to whom some fragments have been
forwarded, deems it possible to decipher
Having returned to the main island, the
Indians guided me to a small laguna, a few
miles inland. The water of tiie laguna
contains quantities of sulphur and iron,
and it is believed to be used as a kind of wa
tering place by the sick alligators t hat live
in the sweet waters of the large lake. My
guides declared that these animals were
in the habit of climbing up the rathei
steep shores of the lake, walking a few
miles through the woods, till they reach
the mouth of the crater, at the bottom of
which is the laguna, and then walking
down about 500 feet to begiu their "cure"
in the yellow waters of the pond nn '~
ligatura iu this laguna are ext
pacious and very dangerous, as
eueed, while t h
harmless in the lak
as I experi
s are shy and
.... ______ being no fish
lent in the lake, the in
valid* are condemned to a severe diet, and
therefore snap even at a man when they
get a chance; after the cure has worked
jits effect they are said to return by the
same way to the lake to enjoy their usual
sport. I was Incredulous about these wan
derings, so the Indians showed me the trail
where feet and tails of alligators were dis
tinctly imprinted. —Granada letter in New
Perfumes In California Roses.
A French perfumer has been making
tests of California roses, and discovered
that they possess 20 pe»- cent, more of the
volatile oil than the French roses. This
means the development of a new industry
for California. The French perfume facto
ries of the tow n of Grasse alone give em
ployment to 5,000 persons. It is said that
fi ( 'ty cents per pound is paid for some flow
era. — Phi lade 1 phia Ledger.
Thf* appetite for "help" of some kind
grows by what it feeds on. If one bas got
something without paying or working for
it he demands more ou the same terms.
It itehooves men to select the good aud
the true, rather than the fickle and th®
vain, for tho«e companions who will either
make or mar them
There are as many babies born in New
York every year as there are inhabitants,
in the city of Grand Rapids, Mich.
The small photographic portrait was first
Bade by Fevier in 1857; and was at first
ANTIQUITY OF JE8TS.
Tha Philosophy of the Immortality of
Jokes In This Nundsas World.
We often hear a joke or jest referred to
â» a "veritable Joe Miller," as though
that, well known writer of facetious re
marks and bad puns were the source and
fountain head of current wit and humor.
The truth is that Joe Miller, who was a
veritable personage, was used even in his
own day merely as a sort of supposititious
authority, nearly all the bad jokes of his
time being credited to him, and later gen
erations having reached the conclusion
that he shone by origins) instead of by re
But whether we choose to credit one the
wpr or the other, to make Joe Miller a man
of wit or a mere blockhead, it Is true that
most of the merry jests found in his book,
as well ns those credited to him by com
mon consent, are centuries older than his
time, and the peculiar thing abotft many
of them is that they are common to every
known language of the world. The only
tilings that can compare with them in an
tiquity and universality are proverbs,
which possess such a strong family like
ness that they can be followed back for
ages, the same in substance, though differ
ing somewhat in form of expression.
The truth is that there is nothing newer
under the sun in the way of jokes and puns
and jests than in anything else. The acci
dental resemblances of the sound of words
having totally different meanings; the in
congruity of ideas suddenly suggested; the
ridiculousness of certain situations, inci
dents, ideas, actions and appearances—all
must have been the same or practically the
same to the people of the earliest races as
to those of the most recent, the only lim
itation being that of a circumscribed vo
At any rate, as far back as we can trace
the stream of literature, we find along its
shores fragments and scraps of humorous
and witty sayings, many of which are in
current use today, and probably will con
tinue to be as long as the human family
shall retain the sense of humor. It is well
know n to classical scholars that some of
the accepted bits of jest and humor of
the Nineteenth century are literal transla
tions from the Greek comic dramatist,
Aristophanes, and that the Latin comic
poets are responsible for many of the jokes
which we retail today with as much zest
as though fresh from the maker's hands.
No doubt if we had a record of the spoken
language of the primitive man, whoever
he may have l)een, we should find the
same things that have become familiar to
us in the known literature of tbe world.
Jokes take on the character of the peo
ple among whom they become domesti
cated, becoming coarse or refined, as the
temperament of those who employ them de
cides. .Scandinavian humor, for example,
has much of the spirit of the Vikings,
much of the swing and crash of the ham
mer of Thor, while tiie jests of Italy and
France are as keen and point ed as the
stiletto of the one or the rapier of tbe other.
Some millionaire who is ambitious to
benefit his fellow men should offer a large
reward for the invention of a n£w lot of
jests, the only condition being that they
should be equal in quality to the time
honored ones which have amused the world
so long. Perhaps the quest might l»e in
vain, like tiie search for the philosopher's
stone, but tbe experiment would beat least
worth trying.—San Francisco Chionicle.
A French Scheme for Iloase Heating.
The teachings of M. Trelat, the practical
experiments of M. Somesco, suggest that
the natural porosity of our walls, especially
the outer walls, should not be destroyed.
J These walls should be decorated, not with
paper and paint, but with porous, non
; conducting substances, such as woolen
j drapery. The outer walls on the side
■ nearest to the inner surface should be
hollowed throughout, thus constituting a
, double wall, with a space of about four
' inches between the two walls,
j A heating contrivance of whatever de
scription may be found most expedient or
J economical should be placed in the base
ment of the house. A warm air chamber
or shaft traveling round the base of the
outer walls should supply to the hollow in
the walls air taken from the outside and
warmed at the point of admission into the
wall to a temperature of from 100 degs. to
120 degs. Fahr. This should maintain the
temperature of the inner wall at fron* 80
degs. to 00 degs. Fahr. Then the walls
will radiate sufficient heat through tbe
rooms to enable the inhabitants to con
stantly oi>eu the doors and windows, and
to breathe cold, fresh, outer air without
As a rule fires will lie unnecessary,
dampness will be completely banished from
the bouse and to maintain some moisture
in the air it would be expedient to decorate
the house with numerous evergreen plants.
Tbe inhabitants should then be able to
benefit by unlimited ventilation, and could
breathe pure, cold and fresh air coming
upon them directly from the outside.—
Popular Science Monthly.
A Story of Julia Ward llowe.
I Always had a liking for old ladies, and
now when I think of the people whom I
have met, and who have made any impres
sion ou me, i find my thought* run as ever
toward tiie pleasant old ladies. I made a
new acquaintance this summer iu the
widow of a former prominent newspaper
man of Boston. She is now about seventy
years old. but one of those entertaining old
ladies, full of incidents worth relating
and reminiscences of distinguished people
whom she has known and been associated
One of these little incidents especially is
worth relating. In the early days when
Mrs. Julia Ward Howe was becoming
known as a public speaker she met with
some opposition both among her friends
ami tiie people generally. Walking down
Charles street one day with a friend, Mrs.
Howe noticed the sign over the Charitable
Eye and Ear Infirmary and read it over
slowly. "Charitable Eye and Ear— Can
it be that there is a charitable ear iu Bos
ton?"—Boston Cor. Springfield Union.
Safety In Grindstones.
Some means for the prevention of acci
dents to workmen while grinding their
tools at a grindstone has long lieen needed.
A safety grindstoue rest seems to fulfill
the requirement of such an invention. Tiie
rest, which works backward and forward,
is fixed parallel and in close proximity to
j the face of tiie stone. When a tool is being
! ground the downward pressure holds tiie
I rest firmly, but in the event of the tool or
! one or more of tiie operator's fingers—
! owing to some irregularity of the surface
1 of the stone—becoming drawn between the
j rest and tbe sloue, tiie impulse of the oper
ator is to draw his hand away. This causes
the rest to fall away from the stone and
releases the fiugers or tool.—Exchange.
A Baby*« Peculiarities.
Young Mother—I wonder why the baby
always wakes up crying.
Young Father (wearily—I suppose he's
mad because he's la*en making uo trouble.
Millionaire« in ThU Country.
Of the 4,04« millionaires in tbe United
States only 180 are south of Masou and
Dixon's line, and Texas has fifty-seven of
these. The real estate in New York city
alone is worth more than all the land be
tween the Potomac aud the Rio Grande.—
St. Louis Republican.
First Lady (off for a journey>— 1 hope
we've got the right train.
Second Lady—1 asked seventeen train
men and ninety-three passengers if this
train went to Blankville. and they all said
yes; so I guess we're all right.—New York
FEATURES OF THE ANNUAL DEL
UGE OF THE GREAT RIVER.
Ybee tb§ ''Wild Hog Blrtr" ITf i lion g
Paradise of Ibe Swamp Lo.tng Brat«».
Floating Islands rilled with Kelhgeee
of the finite Creation.
The worst inundation» of Louisiana
and eastern Arkansas are but spring
freshet« compared with the monster
floods that visit the Amazon valley every
year with a regularity equaled only by
astronomical events and tax collections.
The rainfall of northern Brazil is about
three timee that ot the webfootiest conn
tiee of Oregon, and in midsummer the
thunder showers that drench the woods
every afternoon resemble e daily cloud
burst. On tbe Northern Pacific no other
word would be applied to an atmospheric
waterfall, darkening the air like a Lon
don winter fog for honrs together, and
swamping a house, it the roof should
leak, through an aperture of a few
Rain» of that sort are apt to occur day
after day for a series of weeks, and their
effect on the . lowlands can be only im
perfectly indicated by the fact that the
Amazon river drains au area of more
than 2.000,000 square miles. The Mis
sissippi, too, drains half the eastern
slope of a country larger than Brazil,
but its largest affluents are dwarfed by
the third class tributaries of the Sonth
American father of waters.
Not such flowing lakes only as the Rio
Negro and the Madera, bat the Parus,
the Yavari, the (jnrna, the Hingo, the
Papajos and dozens of other streams
rarely mentioned on this side of the
isthmus, enter the main river through a
delta miles in width and deep enough
for the largest river steamers of the 8L
About the middle of summer these
streams begin to rise, those from the
southwest first, those from the north
west and north a few weeks later, and a
fortnight after the arrival of the second
supplement the valley of the Maranon,
the "wild hog river," as the early
colonists called the Amazon, becomes a
paradise of swamp loving brutes. The
tapis, the peccari and the fish otter cele
brate the picnic season of their summer
life, and herds of wild deer begin their
westward exodus. Near Monte Beira,
in the province (now state) of Matto
Grosso, the woods in midsummer get
fnll of game as a hundred years ago the
foothills of the Southern Alleghanies
swarmed with wild pigeons when the
forests of the north were bnried in snow.
A more than usually sudden rise of
the flood cuts off many of these fngi
tives, who are thus redneed to the alter
native of making for the highest acces
sible gronnd, further east, till every
knoll becomes a hill of refuge, crowded
with timid bmtes whose survival de
pends on their escape from the giant cats
and iioas who may approach their strong
hold by swimming, if the water should
have submerged too large a portion of
the continuous forest.
About two months after the begin
ning of the rainy season the deluge of
the lowlands reaches its maximum.
Thonsands of square miles are sub
merged so effectually that canoes ran
be paddled through forests apparently
free from underbrush, since only the
taller trees, with their network of climb
ing vines, rise like islands above the
surging waters. The swollen rivers
have found new currents; the broad
gurgling streams twist and eddy through
the leafy wilderness, tearing off whole
groups of trees, with all their roots, but
making amends by depositing hillocks
of driftwood, which soon get covered
with tufts of new vegetation.
The pressure of the surging flood
against these mouuds of alluvium soon
becomes enormous, but the deep rooted
stems of the adansonia and the canolio
tree may resist till new deposits of drift
wood consolidate a number of mounds,
thus forming good sized islands, with a
downstream base of perhaj» half a mile,
' but a narrow head deflecting the cur
rent left aud right, like the wedge
shaped front of a stout bridge pier. At
the time of their incipiency these new
i islands may lie tenanted only by river
lizards, but necessity is the mother of
successful exploration, as well as of in
vention, aud a week after its birth the
driftwood hill swarms with animal refu
gees, hogs, deer and eapybaris jostling
each other in their struggle for a base
of operations, thus often getting noisy
enough to attract the prowling car
The climbing talent of the great cats
1 saves them the trouble of emigration
The jaguar and the ocelot become en
tirely arboreal, traveling like monkeys
from brandi to branch, and making
themselves at home in ehe tree tops—so
mnch indeed that some of them go to
housekeeping and raise a litter of cul»
in the cavity of a hollow tree.
Their larder is replenished by all sorts
of pheasants and wood hens, who make
their headquarters in the underbrush,
but who are now obliged to take up
lodgings on the lower branches of the
nusubmerged trees. By climbing around
the stem and rising suddenly in view au
ocelot cun scare a roost of gallinaceous
fowl out of their wits and strike down
two or three of the clumsy youngsters
before tiie whole flock contrives to take
wing.—San Francisco Chronicle.
Securing a Widow.
Young Walter lie Umfraville, son of
Gilbert, liatl left a widow, Emma, pre
sumably in tbe very blush of her
sharms. Peter de Vaux had fallen ut
her feet, but he declined to olitaiu her
, In border fashion, and this fact is tbe
earnest pledge of the chivalry of his
love. If he would uot steal her he wus
bound to buy her, und coin with the de
Vaux was always a scarcity. So he of
fered the king five palfreys for her, "if
she wished it," and with what would
; read as a graceful acknowledgment of
the borderer's pure chivalry, John abso
lutely drops the commercial from his re
piy and simply orders Robert Fits
, Roger, the sheriff, "to permit it to be
lone." —Ge ntleman's Magazin e.
Happiness and the HIues.
i 1 wonder why a girl isn't happy unless
she can have the blues once in awhile?
Once in a long time one finds an angelic
being whose spirits never pass low water
mark, and who lives through day after
day in a state of the most exasperating
cheerfulness till one longs to do some
thing desperate to break the awful calm.
1 But we never love them as we do the
. dear, harutn scarum people who are blue
sky and thunder 6hower half a dozen
times a day. It is such a satisfaction to
find out that other people are just real,
faulty, human creatures like ourselvea.
I —Chicago Inter Ocean.
FA8T OY8TER OPENERS.
WwtaSM la Haar York City Who Taka
Orators Oat of TMr Mulla.
The crack oyster openers of New Tot*
can easily hold their own against the
rest of the world aa "lightning opera
tors," as they are called.
One of the veterans is Dick Balmer,
who has opened #,000 oyster* in n day of
twelve hours, and he can now average
7,500 in a day of twelve or thirteen
Mike Foley, who may well be termed
a lightning operator, and Is now in his
fifties, has opened as many as 9,500
oysters in one day, and on ordinary day*,
if he poshes himself, be can easily get
away with 8,000 oysters. Of eonnw the
oysters opened are Urge and small, just
as they come, as if they were all ■»«il
and round the opening could he done
mnch more rapidly.
John La hey is good for an average of
8,000 a day, and so U an opener known
among the oystermen as "Deaf George."
In a trial of speed in opening S00 oysters
John Lahey probably cannot bo beaten.
To open oysters rapidly of coarse re
quires a great deal of experience ia
handling them, bat there also seems to
be a knack about it that every oyster
man cannot acquire. Some men, for in
stance, can only open 4,000 oysters a day
and they will not go mnch above that
after years of work in this line.
The twenty-seven men employed by
Alex Frazer on the Jîorth river will
average 5,000 eystera a day, which is a
mnch higher average than is re a che d by
the majority of the «ewe. around New
York. These men also can turn ont,
when required, 180,009 o yst e r s a day in
all, which is 15,000 oysters above the
average of 5,000 a man. There are very
few oyster scows in the market can
equal this average from week to week.
It mnst also be considered that on some
days work begins at 5 o'clock in the
morning and on other* at 8 or 8 o'clock.
There was an oyster opening match
about a year ago between Mike Foley
1 Jack Gillon. The match was to de
e which man was the quicker at
.a-tiing 1,000 oysters. Gillon won in
>7 minutes, beating his opponent by only
seven oysters. Foley has opened 11,200
oysters at one sitting.
Dick Balmer has appeared in sixteen
oyster opening matches and lost only
two of them. Most of the contests were
over the opening of 100 oysters. At one
time Balmer opened 1Ü0 oysters in 4 min
âtes and 22 seconds, which is now the
best "straight knife" record. Balmer
has also opened 1,000 oysters in 55 min
utes. The two matches in which he was
defeated he lost to John Gillon. The
first match was best two out of three
records in opening 100 oysters, but owing
to a dispute Balmer retired from the
contest, leaving the match to Gillon. At
the second match Balmer was beaten by
Among the lightning operators on Wil
liam Foster's scow the most conspicuous
undoubtedly is "Black Frank," as Frank
Barrett, who is as white a man as any
other white man in this country, is
dubbed by his associates. Mr. Barrett
has spent a good many years in the
south, and from his association there in
a business way with the darkies he came
to be called "Black Frank."—New York
Discarded India Rubber Utilised.
It is a matter of common knowledge
that india rubber goods even of the
highest quality are perishable. Although
not subject to any great wear and tear
the time comes when the rubber loses
its elasticity and becomes soft and rot
ten. Hitherto sneb perished rubber has
represented a waste material for which
no use could be found, but by a process
recently invented the perished rubber
can be made, it ia said, once more serv
By incorporating tbe waste rubber
with certain hydrocarbons and with a
projtortion of Trinidad asphalt, by add
ing to the mixture certain vegetable oils
and submitting the product to heat,
thhre is produced a substance to which
the name of "blandyte" has been given
It can be made hard and dense or soft
and pliable by modifying certain parts
of the process, and it seems to be appli
cable to most of the various purposes
for which pure rubber is used. —St. Louis
Th« Cutaway Coat.
The cutaway frock coat may be worn
at any time during the day, and is really
the most useful all around garment in
the vocabulary. The man in the black
cutaway of dull finish cloth is dressed
for any emergency that may arise dur
ing the hours of the day. It is suitable for
the afternoou tea and for the morning
strolL It has been worn with excellent
effect with the top hat at the nuon wed
ding—indeed its efficacy and becoming
ness is so apparent that many of the
more conservative swells have been de
terred through their fealty to this gar
ment of semidress from pinning alle
giance to the more distinguished but
: trying lines of the long tailed double
j breasted frock.—Clothier and Furnisher.
A Valuable Clock.
I There is no further need for the noisy
little alarm clock, for a Swiss has just
invented a clock that talks. It is much
I leasanter than the grating br-r-r-r of
the bell that always rings ten times as
j loud as necessary, to have a clock that
! will stand at the head of the bed and re
: mark: ' There are eggs, and a nice
juicy steak, and a cold melon and milk
! and toast and fried potatoes and coffee
down stairs for you, John Henry, and
this is the day when Archimedes Me
Gonigle promise«! you the twenty dollars
he has been owing you so long. Besides
day after tomorrow is Sunday, and you
can fiuish yonr sleep then." That's the
: sort of a clock to have in the family.—
"Do birds think?" asks a writer in
opening an article. If they do, we should
i tike to know what a cjuiary thinks of a
Woman who stands up on a chair and
talks baby through the bars of the cage.
—New York Recorder.
A Timely Protest.
Sarah K. Bolton, through an article
in The Independent, utters a timely pro
test against the wedding present nui
sance and extortion. She says—what
•very sensible person knows and con
oedes—that wedding presents have come
to be a burden, and to a considerable
I extent simply a matter of pride.
St. James and St. Christopher
share July 25 between them. In
some parts of England the apple
: trees are blessed on this day, which
, is said also to mark the success or
failure of the hop crop.
ADVANTAGES OF THESE PECULIARLY
**»• DMgcn to WHfeh Thoy
Am Uahl« to m Roagh Ifino fp
port one« tbe l>e«khoa»e—They Am
Well bolted for Intend Nerlgetlee.
Visible embodiments of tbe wheleback
method of constructing vewtelf p mm t
them stive* from time to time In oar bar
bora, and they are of an uglinem which
cannot be ignored even by a laodmnaa.
Tbe novel and peculiar shape i* urged by
the builder* a* a Hpecial advantage be
cause it is of economical construction Mid
give* tbe greatest Rotative power is pro
portion to the quantity of material em
ployed in building it, but this iron tank U
formte** and featur eless for the greater
part of iu length and tapers abruptly at
tbe ends into truncated cones, which am
turned a little upward to indicate at least
a bow and stern. Near tbe latter stands
the principal deckhouse, which Is a de
parture also from familiar typea. fta
lower half hi a sort of iron basement for
the upper story and intended to Hft ft
above tbe reach of the water. In which the
hull Is almost submerged when
andooa choppy day its upper surface ft
a-wasfa. Such a deck promises but treach
erous footing under these condition*, and
clearly it was not planned to serve as a
One of these vessels to propelled with
great economy of power, because large
surfaces are not exposed above water to tbe
retarding influence of the air through,
which she moves nor to the force of advene
winds. It is claimed that the unfavorable
action of head seas in checking progress ft
The observer misses tbe graceful "H I
sweeping lines which have marked so long
the construction of sailing vessels,
steamships have had a beauty of their own
in tbe curves which accentuate the light
ness of the pose upon the water and suggest
to the eye tbe speed and stanchness of the
boat. In these ships, of "proportions long
tried and familiar, there are parts of tbe
general contour standing high above the
water, which represent a margin of safety
and gives activity to tbe vessel and the
power to save herself in trying situations.
It is a bold stroke that cats away at one
blow tbe whole npper structure that has
been preserved so long and so studiously
improved upon with the progress of cen
This has been a reserve of bnoyancy, of
which a great portion was given to the
ends above the normal water line, although
the largest displacement of the submerged
hull is made by the middle part as the
ship floats in smooth water. When labor
ing in high seas the ends have a motion
upward or downward like that of a bal
anced tilt board on each side of its support,
but tbe application of much force is re
quired thus to swing the mass and make
the ship ride the waves she meets. This
cannot be accomplished artificially, for
there are neither appliances nor the power
adequate to operate them.
The ship must save herself. Tbe angle
of the bow and its shape, as well as its
bulk, make her responsive to tbe action of
tbe sea against it.
The run and counter if properly modeled
have qualities resembling in some degree
those of the bow, and it is their duty to
throw up the stem to a following wave
when the vessel runs before the sea. Such
are the functions of tbe various elements
in the accepted types, jealously guarded
In so far as the configuration of the part
submerged may influence the movement,?
it operates in harmony with the portions
that are visible to the naked eye, but the
lifting effect of the w ater upon the inclinÿ
portion of the forebody is not sufficient Jlo
raise the boat upon a wave of considerable
height and velocity. The water may roar
in the hawse pipes and rise even to -the
bulwarks before the ship's heavy mad£ re
sponds to the buoyant action. Her whole
forward half becomes an immense lever
on which the sea operates, and it must
have a hold to do the work.
It was the high bows and the high sterns
of tbe Nina and the Pinta of Columbus
which saved such craft many a time in
storms now forgotten, which form no part
of history. On our own coasts the famous
Chebacco boats may be seen even in redent
years as a survival of the same type of
construction, and they were accounted
great sea bouts in their day.
The ocean's moods have not softened. It
it is no longer the same desperate venture
that once it was to cross it, steam in respon
sible in a great measure for thÿèhange.
The caravals of Spain and the "pinkies"
of Chebacco Parish, which were the con
cret« expressions of their builders' creeds
and plans, annunciated a real danger.
With the radically new type of craft, al
most submerged, this danger must be met
again. The whaleback has shown her fit
ness for inland navigation, but in tbe long
seas of winter storms she meets new con
ditions. Proportioned as she is, the hull
is exposed to the sweep of the seas, and if
in pointing downward she encounters one
the hull may enter bodij£ into the volume
of water. Di ving is thsname they give it.
In this possibility lie* the danger to ves
sels so constructed, oj* to any deep laden
craft of but little sheer, when lying to the
wind or riding at au anchor; and for a ship
advancing the danger is not less, as the
momeintum of her weight is opposed to
the impact of a mass of water still heav
ier, and as it sweeps over her the force is
exerted upon such portions as are salient.
That the builders of the whaleback have
failed to anticipate this result is not to be
supposed, for the rounded top of the hull
is adapted to withstand great pressure, aa
well as the more insidious encroachments
of the water on this portion, but the deck
house offers * point of attack; the impetus
j of a direct ^Tush of water may be enor
mous, aud the structure made to resist it
I must be of a strength in excess of ordinary
j marine construction and built to with
: stand the twisting force developed by the
I seas, as,well as their strtHgùt flow, for the
j quickness aud intricacy of their move
! rnents baffle an attempt at measurements.
I What they will do must be judged from
that which they have done. It has hap
j peu«! to a ship's boat in a seaway to have
' the cutwater twisted out of her in weather
> not the worst. It is to such dangers that
the projecting portions of a boat or vessel
are exposed, and if the deckhouse of a
j whaleback is destroyed the ship is crippled,
I even if she does not fill and sink. A de
! peudence so complete upon a single struc
i ture is not advantageous. Former condi
tions are now reversed, for ships of the old
■ style, after losing their deckhouses, could
still be worked, but the whaleback mode
i of construction furnishes less protection to
i inis feature, and the successful manage
ment of the ship is more dependent upon
its integrity.—Boston Transcript.
Aa Odd Occupation for Soldiers.
! An order has been issued from the
Siamese military headquarters that the
troops in one of the largest garrisons are
! to be employed every day in fly catching.
Every man is expected to capture each day
a matchbox full of bluebottle flies, and if
he does not perform the duty he will be
compelled, as a penalty, to row around the
island where the troops are in camp. The
! order seems to be ridiculous, but the
Siamese are taking it seriously. They say
there is great need for cleaning out myriads
of flies that are making life miserable at
that particular encampment.-- Philadel
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