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TUESDAY 1 :;:::::::: APRIL 11, 1893 TVS tlLTBB MOVEMENT. Denver New. Tb« ailver cause bas gained more within the past year than in the pre vious fifteen years. The organized independent free coinage fight of tlio last campaign must be credited with the impetus given the movement, but no such pronounced results could have been attained bad it not been lor the presence of favoring condi tions the existence of which wore de pendent upon time. The disastrous consequences of contraction, caused by dethroning one of the basic money metals, required palpable and conclusive demonstra tion in order to marshal force enough to confront and check the enormous power of wealth at the command of money lenders. The financial question has not been readily understood by the masses of the people, because it requires ape oial study that does not. come within the range of general pursuits; hence the American people were alow to realize that when silver was de prived of a function which was at tached to it for thousands of yoars, the immediate consequence was to inorease the sura of all debts, publio and private, by enhancing the value of gold and grading down the prices of commodities produced by labor; so that the creditor received far more money than he loaned, measured by its purchasing power, while the debtor had to pay far more of the products of his labor than he contracted to pay when the loan was made. In other words, the outlawry of silver was effeoted for the benefit of monoy lenders and the act by whioh it was accomplished, ohanged the effect of all contracts involving money pay ments, so that the debtor was robbed and the sum of which he was des poiled went to the oreditor. It took time for the dreadful onn seqnenoesof that Infamous legislation to be comprehended by the- debtor class, whioh embraces the wealth producing element. Gold, which had held its relative position in value to silver, with only a fractional varia tion, for three hundred years, began tlo separate from the white metal as loon as the latter was struck down by hostile legislation; but silver con tinued and still continues to retain its old relation to general price« Measured by everything but gold its purchasing power is as great as at any time within twenty years, and this faot is the core of the silver question, for it proves that the sepa tion between the moists was oaused by the artificial enhancement of gold, due to the monopoly given it as money of redemption by class legis lation. The fall of silver since 1873 has been paralleled year after year, with only such variation as was caused by exceedingly good seasons or disas trously bad ones, by the fall in wheat, ootton, corn and other commodities. The effect of this has boen to ruin a large per ventage of farmers and to burden that industry with debt, both by forcing debtor farmers to pay a great deal more than they contracted to pay and by dragging those who were free from debt into the net of the money lender, because abnor mally low prices had rendered the pursuit unprofitable. The first of these causes of ruin or depressing embarrasmeuts may be readily illustrated. The western farm er who had borrowed B1000 fifteen years ago to improve his farm, could bave paid the debt, less interest, the year he borrowed it, with 780 bushels of wheat; one year later it would have taken 900 bushels; five years later it would require 1250 bushels; in 1892, about 1900 bushels of wheat would be needed to oanoel the debt of $1000 without including one cent of interost. These low prices, while doubling the loads of persons already in debt, also steadily increased the number of debtors and are mainly re sponsible for the billions of mortgage debts that now depress agriculture and threaten wholesale ruin to those engaged in that calling. That the long continued low prices are due to the debasement of silver and consequent contraction of the currency is recognized by the ablest financiers and political economists, who are sustained in this view by a welltMttested principle of economic , to law ^jjeh connects general prices with jhe%dume of money in circula- [t Silver last year touched the lowest point Recorded in history; reached the lowest an wheat last yea figure in a century. . to The conditions thus formulated, bv . ' U J which production 18 robbed for the % „ * f , »8 benefit of noii-producera, are getting ptewliiy «WEMH uiaauiuoi) as the | WABHIRUTOH LETTER. (From oar IUgular Correspondent.) Washington, D. C., April 3, '93. Democratic Senators are figurative ly moving heaven and earth to pre ent the investigation of the charge of criminal embezzlement made against Senator Roach, of North Da kota, directed by Senator Hoar's res olution. They first started a bluff by stating that Power, of Montana, was one of them. That didn't work, not even a little bit, but Senator Power promptly denounced it as false and demanded the most searching inves tigation, two things which Roach has not done. The Democratic Senators have good reason to fear anything that promises to expose the true in wardness of the eleotion of Roaoh to the Senate, which was brought about by special and explicit directions from Senator Gorman, who was Chairman of the Democratic Senatorial "steer ing - ' committee. There is good rea son for the belief that the actual facts n the deal by which Roach became Senator would, if made publie, cause a scandal with more or less disgrace ful ramifications in a number of States. The Democratic Senators are now making personal appeals to the most easy-going Republican Sen ators, to let the whole matter drop, because whatever the result of the in vestigation so far as Roach is con cerned, it will bring a scandal upon the good name of the Senate that will cling to it at home and abroad for many years. 1 have no authority to speak for Republican Senators, but I violate no confidence in stating that a number of them have made up their minds that something has got to be done, and if Reach doesn't resign be fore the Senate gets through with the cases of the appointed Senators, now under consideration, they propose to have some action taken upon Sena tor Hoar's resolution, or to let the country know why. It has just been learned that the new program of the Democratic Senators is to forco an immediate adjournment of the Sen ate as soon as the oases of the ap pointed Senators are disposed of. They are perfectly willing to post pone the eleotion of the Senate offi cers until the meeting of the extra session which Mr. Cleveland has de cided to call in September. The ex cuse given is that it will be impossi ble to keep a quorum of Senators here after these cases are voted up It has been suggested that if the Senate fails to act Mr. Roach may be arrested and tried in the criminal court for embezzling the funds of the bank of which he was cashier, but such a proceeding is not probable. The break between Mr. Cleveland and ex-Speaker Crisp, which last week looked as though it would re sult in bringing forward a new can didate for the Speakership of the House in opposition to Senator Crisp, and backed by all the influence of the administration, has been, it is now understood, patched up by the administration of an extra heavy dose of humhle pie to Crisp. It was not, however, foroed upon him, but he went to the White House and asked for it. Under this agreement, whioh is muoh more humbling to Mr. Crisp than the one made in New York just before the meeting of the last session of Congress, the Georgian is to be elected Speaker of the House again and to draw the salary and perform the routine duties of the position, but the real authority is to be exercised by Mr. Cleveland, who has already determined that Mr. Springer, Chair man of the Appropriation Committee, shall not again be placed at the beads of those committees. The reason why Mr. Cleveland has not appointed a Commissioner of Pen sions has leaked out. He has so far failed to find a man who comes up to all his requirements and is at the same time willing to pledge himself to do certain things which are to be required of the new Commissioner, [t has been, so those in his confidence say, definitely decided bv Mr. Cleve increasing demands of commerce are augumentod the demand for gold and further enhancing its value, since the aggregate sum of that metal whioh is invaluable for coinage pur poses is gaining little or nothing from production. Low prices for the products of la bor inevitably imply the pulling down of wages. It ia a growing conscious ness of this and of the causes of agri cultural depression that is arraying the South and West against the finan cial combination of the East on the money question. It is the true ac counting for the gathering volume of the silver movement. land that the Commissioner' mu.'t" b"e |o an Eastern man who does not belong . , . - to the G. A. R., and that he shall be willincr to in.no,,...» „ . . wining to inaugurate a system of Iiandlincr »k.» i iianming applications that Will place »8 many restrictions and as much htt auiiutiou upon Um appitotutUlor peu- i sions as can possibly be done by stretohing existing laws to the limit, in the wrong direction, to say noth ing of treating pensioners already on the rolls as frauds who have no right to be there. Democrats are making a mare's nest out of the pretended new dis covery that ex-Secretary of State Foster, who is in charge of the inter est of the United States before the Behring Sea Arbitration tribunal, made a liberal allowance for expenses to the employes of the government who were ordered to Paris in connec tion with the arbitration piooeedings. This is poppy-cock, pure and simple. Would any business establishment send its employes to a foreign country without making them an allowance in addition to their salaries, to pay their expenses? And is the wealthy gov ernment of the United to treat its employes with less liberality than private firms? Common sense can have but one answer to these ques tions. The question of a constitutional amendment for the eleotion of U. S. Senators by direct vote of the people is up in the Senate. The people are almost unanimous for the change, but the Senators are not. They "get there" by fraud, or a big majority of them do, and they naturally favor a continuance of the opportunity for the practice of fraud. Under the present system the Senate has many wealthy members who are paupers so far as talents and qualifications are concerned. They are never heard of in the capacity of Senators. They buy their way in, but the honor is very empty. Their records are blanks with the exception of their election, which is based on fraud. They, how ever, have ability enough to vote, ai.d their votes are generally re corded against all measures for the welfare of the masses of the people. If the Senators were elected by a vote of the people it would be a body of less wealth, but more brains. To do away with the Senate altogether would be far better than to continue the present system of electing Sena tors by Legislatures. Treasurer's Notice. The following warrants are no.v paya ble at my • (flee: COUNTY GENERAI, FUND Warrants i.gigicred July 18 , 1801, Nor. 203, 204,250, 2«0, 250, 256 217. 144. 255. 257, 258 and 2-54. Also all other County General fund warrants registered prior to s id date F. F. CHURCH, April 11, 1803. Co, Treas. Notice for Publication. Land Office at Hoiae Cin , Idaho, I February 17,1893. i Notice la her* by aipen »hat the foliowing-named •eitler baa filed nonce • f hia intent ou 10 make final proof in >up| o> t of bla claim, ami that »aid proof will be made before the Kogletcr and He ceiver at Bniae City, Idaho, on April 6, 1893, via Co ben Oundr^en, one of the heir* of Ole Oundi aen, of Horaeahoe Bein', Idaho, Momente l( | AddI cation N«». 2084, for the NW * NE E >4. NW >«, & NW)| NW)4, Sec 'Ä, Tp 7 N, It 3 E. he uamea the f -llowing witm-snea to prove hig continuous rcaideoce upon and cultivation • f, said land, vu: John Fenton, Henry Hood. Ole Haneen, Thomaw Maun, all of Horaeslioe Bend, boita county, Idaho. C11AB. & K1N -8LKY, Feb. 21, 189a hegiHU) Society Notices. Cby, month. \l third Saturday ol luenil.era in good »tand atUud I y order ot the N. O. DANIEL JONES. Hec'y. hol<it« eting« In Odd Fellow»' Hall. Malm md fourth Ha urday evenings of each embers in good «uud ng are luviud H. W. I UNTON, gftc'y. R ohr RKRI KAH LODGE, NO 18. I O. O. F . holda it* régula, in« e iugn i■ ■ Odd Fellows Hal Idaho t liy, ou the 1st and 3d Tuesday evu - tnga of each month. All members iu good r-taud tug aie îuvited to attend by order ol tha N. O HANNAH 8CHMID1. Hec'y. regular meetings m Maaonio Hall, PlacervlU«-. «»U the 'Jd and 4th Baturday evening« ol euch mouth. All members <u good standing are invited to attend. reg lar meeting« In Masonic Hall. Idaho City, >n the 3*1 Thurt>da„ eveuiug of eaeh uimth, All I'omnaui'tn« in good standing are invited to atiend. ly order of the H. P. JOSEPH THAVlS. Bec'y. t by. on Wednesday eveuiug of »ach week All members in good staudtng are invited to attend by order ot the U. T. IDA TOMPKINS bec'y. , holde ite Masonic r first ButUi • fPAHO LODGE NO 1, regular meetings in the fid Haturday of In good standing are ini of iha W. M. ach month. All members ted to abend By order JA 8. J. MAH8K, Hec'y Maaonio U til. Idaho City, he firat Thursd y evening of each mouth All memh re in go-'d standing me invited *n uttend. by order of he\V. M. BugL OAKHEi HT, 8*c y. ohold« _ ill, daho urn , on the 4th Wednesday evening ot eaeh mouth. By order of the M. W. JOHN KLNN ALY, Recorder. Official Directory United 8tala» Beuatore......... State. Representative................... t o sorge L. Hboup Fred T. Dübel* ............ Will Sweet .........Win J. McConnell Lieutenant-Gove* nor . ......Frank B. Willi» Seer Wry of 8iate .... ....... . F. J. « nrtia Attorney General .......... .. Ge igeM arsons Auditor.............................. F C. Rumse 5 Treuste er ........ .................. U . C. mil 8up*l of Pu' lie Ine'ructi n ....... B B Lower 8taie Laud Agent......... ................Frank A. Feuu 8ute Supreme Court Ohlef Justice ........................... J. W. Hn«ton I Johu T. .Moi gau I. N. Sullivan Clerk .................«........... Hol Haebrouck Ataia aut Clark...................E. M. Haabrnuck j Librarian .............................. E U Uaatuouck 1 United State L&nd Office* Register. .. ................Charles h Kin dey ..............Joe Perrault |o Bole# County, -a.riff...................... j Auditor .nd a.cord.r a— » or »ud lucuiiecior ......... \rt nglu rre.aeurer...........................r r Prob te Judge and S hool Sup'l........ Tho*. &j| Dial 2d Dial »I Hint iWauiMwr okJdatou ui*. Carroll baird F F. Ch ui ch Hkrt D qiKtie, Cm u ..here t T Anden>,ia ..... Jam«« IWJlchtine «*• »• «*•% ô» o. Miimgr w A. Lipplnrot j j 1 MRS. A. ORCHARD- .Proprietress MAIS STREBT. IDAHO CITY. SINGLE MEALS OR BOARD BY THE WEIL The rcstau r ant will be run In First-Class Style aiul the tublee Ailed with the best the market affords OU3ANI BEDS, Idaho City. Alia. 12. 1887—U m m X ?* **; , ^ FANCY GROCERIES, DRY GOODS, WINES AND LIQUORS, - FURNISHING GOODS - Trunks, Values, Far Robes , HATS—the finest iu the market, BOOTS AND SHOES, CARPETS, WALL PAPER , no USE LINING, The highest prices paid for Furs Oct 18-tf. Boise City MARBLE WORKS. —Manufacturers and Dealers in— Italian Marble and Granite Monuments, Tombstones, i blets, Stal uee, Iron Fences, and all kinds of Ceme tery work. We have secured the services of a first-class workman from the East We are better than ever prepared to do first-class >York, at such extreme ly low prices as to d. fy competition We have also received a fine selection o original designs, both in granite and mar ble, so that parties can make as good ase lection from these designs a* eau he found anywhere in the United Slates. Please call and examine, or write for our designs and prices, before placing your or det s elsewhere. We w ill make it to your interest to do so. Our designs in Iron Fences are the besl and cheapest in the world. We can fur nish a good Wrought Iron Fence nearly as cheap as a wood fence. JAMES DYMOKE, Manager. F. A. NO V USE, Proprietor. 8. T. DAVIS, R. K. DAVIS (Successors to Cave & Davis) Dealers Id Fresh Groceries and Provision? CLOTHING, GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS . ROOTS AND SHOES OF ALL KINDS, LADIES' AND CHILDREN'S SHOES, HARDWARE, IRIN AND STEEL, TIN WARF., HAHDWUOD, GRAIN, &c All goods ol lowest rates. Main street, : : : : : Idaho City Our motto is, "Cheap for Cash." Call aud get our prices and be convinced. DAVIS BROTHERS. X! tray Notice. Ola, Idaho, March 11, 1R»8 Came to mv premises „baut ihe j Will I5lh ot .1 amiitry, two bay mares w igh «bout hijü 1 » each <>i,e is brand H 3. ou right hip and W on left hin m flltnnt « -o .. 1,1 m. . . • * j ed ami is aboutis yv irs old branded N U. o lef.' bip'.''and h^woj ™ , old I lie owner ia requested to prove property, pay charges and lake them & ilAANlAU j j Treaiurer's Notice. County warrants as follows will be paid upon presenlation : County Obneral Fund of 1891. Nos 142, 145, 164, 165, 143 and 176. Hoad Fund Warrant of 1890. No. 540. F. F. CHUKCH, Co. Treas. Idaho City, Idaho, Feb. 7, 1893 BLACKMORE à KENT, =UHDERTAKER8== —AND— EMBALMERS No 818 Idah o »4, Bon« city. Idaho Orders by telephone or telegraph promptly attended to. HIATT. .HAHZ. BOOT AND SHOD MAKER. ALL ORDERS GIVEN PROMPT ATTENTION. -Have on Hand All Sizes of My Own Make, At Low Prices, rar All work guaranteed. NEW METHOD -OF 4*ii iBB Boot Pfitcliing, Neatly and Successfully Done. North side of Wall street, first dooi below Walts' law office. April 7. '91. Qaths and boardinQ WARM SPRINGT FRANK COOPER. PROPRIETOR. having taken charge of thd POPULAR PLACE OF PUBLIC RESORT, I have thoroughly renovated the establish ment and am prepared to receive PERMANENT BGARDERS OR TRANSIENT GUEST HOT AND COLD BATHS. Heady at all times, and everything aboul the house kept clean and neat. —THE LADIES' DEPARTMENT —will be controlled by— Mrs. Cooper, —And Everything W.ll be Done to CONTRIBUTE TO THE Comfort of Oviewt Caveat*, and Trade-Marks obtained, and all Pat- 1 ent business conducted (or Moderate Fees. ! Ourt Office is Opposite U. 8. Patent Office 1 and we can secure patent iu less lime than those 1 remote from Washington. ] Send model, drawing or photo., with descrip- < tlon. We advise, if patentable or not, free of 1 charge. Our fee not due till patent ia secured. ! A Pamphlet, "How to Obtain Patents,' 1 with cost of same in the U. S. and foreign countries sent free. Address, C.A.SNOW&CO *• ivj ». Where do you pur chase your gro ceries'? Buy them of NORMAN H. YOUNG, CENTREVILLE, IDAHO. AND SAVE MONEY. He carries a full line of PrUSSII SELECTED Fancy and Staple O roceries. J. ...... Dualer in...... DRY CiOObs, 1^ « XX. o y < o o t , j Wies' Underwear ■ • • • snd • • • To GENTS' FURNISHING woods. 1 », ---- ■Shades, Curtains, Upholstering Qooda _ and HOUSE FUHJ 8 ISB 1 Ty Q g NEW STORE! NEW GOODS! NEW PRICES] L. Weil, Sonna's Opera Block, Boise City Send for Samples. ». BS. Cre min, J. a. Barry, INEW SPRING CvJODS FULL LINE, LATE STYLES. Satines, 20c; Ginghams, 10 c; Persian Mulls, 25 c; il ash Silks, plain colors, tie SPRING AND SUMMER UNDERWEAR --COMPLETE LINE OF MILLINERY__ Trimmed and Unlrimmed Hats, Spring Wraps, and everything found is first-class Dry Goods and Millinery Store. * Clean Stools, and Zjow Price* TBS WHITS HOU >S. 637 Main Street. Boise City, M.a, JOHN H. MYER, ISIDOR SMITH, PLACEEVILLF. IDAHO CITY MYER & SMITH are now receiving their large atock of FALL AND WINTER GOOD3, -consisting of GrROCEEIEti, All nev) and fresh, CLOTHING In every variety. Rubber Soot««, överslioe«, All sizes and styles. BLANKETS N SIX DIFFERE T COLORS. RU LBER COATS, ALL SIZES ;HATS.: We have a very large and fine stock of the latest styles and makes. Watches, Clocks and Jewelry, -a full line. AVall Papers, latest patterns. TRUNKS AND VALISES In great variety. We Are Headquarters for TOBACCOS AND CIGARS. Will sell Lori Hard 's Climax, J. B. Pace's Tobaccos, Liggett & Myer'i Star, in quantities AT PORTLAND PRICES. In fact, we have everything kept in a first-class General Mer chandise Store. Our stock of Groceries is the largest we ever had, and will be ::old cheaper than ever. LET O JR PRICTS BEFORE PURCHAS ING, AS WE WILL NOTB^ UNDERSOLD LUNA HOUSE. A. First-Class Hotel, Corner Vontgomery and Commercial Streets, IDAHO CITY, : : : : : : : I : ! IDAHO. 3VI. Gr. Luney, Prop'r. BAR XXV CONNECTION WITH HOTEL. BEST LIQUORS, CIGARS, &C. STAGES LEAVE DAILY FOR JÜF Boise City, Centerville, Placervil e, Quartzburg and Banner.*08 He is prepared to tarnish anything in the BAKERY LINE at ruinously low figures, ®*AT THE HOTEL.*« Idaho City, January 1, 1884. I JAMES A. PINNEY &.COj BOISE CITY, IDAHO, Have the LARGEST AND REST SELECTED STOCK 0t HOLIDAY GOODS AND WEDDING PRESENTS| To b<,r ° un d in any one establishment in the State. Send your 'rdefs early »• con> in person aud see for yourself their ©took'