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Idaho semi-weekly world. [volume] (Idaho City, Idaho Territory) 1875-1908, May 16, 1893, Image 2

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SEM! -WEEKLY WORLD.
iDAHO CITY, - - IDAHO
H. * 0. X. JONES, Publishers.
THIS MORNING.
Ob the old gray lorrare where wo had parted.
With vows and pledges and many a sigh.
Where the nunlight slept and the swallows
darted,
I met her, my sweetheart of days gone by.
Twa* the ghost of a curtesy, silken, stately,
That she dropped as sho passed, and turned
from me
To the grand milord she has wedded lutely
The goaty, tyrannical, rich marquis.
Bat I smiled to myself In cynic fashion
As 1 watched the bloom on her proud cheek
fade.
And the stir of a long forgotten passion
That fluttered her bodice of gold brocade,
Oh, tbs fickle world! All the hough* are
budded,
There are flocks of sails on the glancing sea.
And my heart with an April Joy is flooded.
Though Dolly is married, and not to me!
—I toe best er Talisman.
The Worst lie Could Hay.
Borne people are by nature ho gentle and
ao kindly disposed that, they seem unable
to *peuk severely about any one. "Uncle"
William Snow was a man of this sort.
'Tie never seems to see any harm in any
body, no matter what they do," «aid the
neighbors.
Ills life bad not been an easy one. Ho
had been obliged to contend with ill health
and comparut i vc poverty while looking out
for several shiftless and incapable re I a
tlvfss.
Oneof these—a cousin several years older
than William wan crippled by a fall ami
became perfectly helpless. Hi* temper had
never been of the best, and this accident
gave him what he regarded us a |>erfect.
right to Indulge his feeling* at all times.
When, after months of patient nursing
and cAre, he began to recover the use of
his limbs to a slight extent, bis temper, in
stead*of growing better, scorned to become
worse every day.
Passer*by often heard ids voice raised to
an angry pitch as he berated poor William
for some fancied neglect, but no one ever
beard a won! of complaint from the gent lo
man's lips.
At last a neighbor, who bad heard one
of these dreadful tirades, stopped William
on the Street the next day, saying: "Now,
WHlinm Know, what does posses* you to
let Dan'I go on so? I declare, you look all
beat out this morning, ami no wonder.
Now own ftp, don't It seem to you he
grow* crasser every day, the »»tier he
gets?"
"Why, 1 presume Dan'l suffers more'n
we realize," said William Snow, with Id*
usual gentleness; "though 1 must say," he
added, apparently Against ids will, "I have
thought sometimes lately that Dan'l was
Increasing a little In his disposition."
Th. , 1 » Our Alun#,.
The direetoruf tbe mint, authorized by
act of congress, lias recently I »a tied a
circnlur letter to nrtists Inviting them to
■nbmit "new designs of authorized em
blems or device» to l>8 prepared or adopt
ed for tho coin» of the United State»."
Thi« on II» face I» highly to lie com
mended, for tntr coinage at prêtent i«
calculated to make the judicious weep
and the lukewarm patriot sympathize
with the strictures of tho foreigner on
our degree id civilization. The criti
cisms on our coinage could indeed bo ap
plied witli equal force to all our moneys,
for the treasury notes, with their wealth
of turning lathe tracery and tlioir sign
painter's lettering, are no better than
our coins. Tho one excuse for their ex
istence has been the difficulty which
they were supposed to oppose to counter
feiting; hut this.it appears from late de
velopments, is largely imaginary, and
their ornate ugliness is therefore with
out extenuating circumstances. — Scrib
ners, ___ __________
Stilles versus Horses.
The chief reason why a mule can nearly
always wear out a horse when it comes to
a trial of endurance is that the former al
ways lies down tosleep, and liai latter, in a
largo number of cases, sleeps standing up.
The Imhit seems to come to horses which
bsve been hurt, especially when in the
■table, ami they cannot be broken of it.
Beside* the absence ,,f proper rest, and the
const nut danger of a heavy fall ami eonsiv
quent Injury, tbia hal.it of standing up to
go to sleep results in the giving way of the
front knees, ami gives the animat a prema
tu rely aged ami crippled condition.
A walk through any large stable at night
will show a number of horses standing up,
but fast asleep, anil whether these use
this* or four legs to stand upon, the knees
of the fore legs are all baggy With a
mule of course it Is quite different, for
"Jack" Ilea down the moment he finds
work Is really over, am! a somnambulist
mule Is seldom if ever met. Interview In
tit. lamia (Hols' Democrat,
Hi* t'lianee Tor Hypnotists.
Achers \ on say hypnotism can tie used
to deaden pain, do you?
Scientist' l adiiuhlislly, sir, undoubted
ly. Why, sir, at ......... my recent exhibl
tlouv I thrust a needle into a man's am
again and again, and he positively enjoyed
"Humph! How III Itch do you make
year ou hypnotic exhibitions»"
"Well -er- not very much as yet, hut,
then, you know, hypuotism is a new tiling,
*nd"
Yes, i know. Why ilou't you drop it»"
"Hhf Why should If"
"You could make your everlasting fort
une as a dentist,"—New York Weekly.
lUOvrenc« In Hoofs Affect Draughts.
1 here Is no doubt hat the form of u roof
has much to do with the draught of a
rhlmuey. The flat risif offers no resist
ante to the passage of air. but ns Hie pitch
la Inereaaed the current is more and more
disturbed, until with a high pitched and
many gabled roof It Is broken into Inmi
me ruble eddies, some of which are sure to
curl down and force the smoke and gases
in the due into the rooms below. Ckiin
ueys on such roofs should 1* built higher
than ordinarily.—lioaton Transcript
Blue anti tnill*o I,oh«ter.,
In the pest two years New Loudon
(Conn.) lohstcrmen have bagged la their
deep water traps in Fisher's Island sound
not lees than rive or six indigo lobsters
l
by
of
n
and
an*
PU
cule
up
■aid
him
I
ho
kill
we
tho
die
to
of
of
I
ho
tire
of
her
Mr.
■elf
,air.
<h7n , J t .i l '77' * uuwn ' hi *t, »»I
icre than two of the k ind had ever been
mort* man two oi menmi Imd ever Usen ]
taken In the world IsTnre In the same
time 'wo blue lobsters were caught by think
Maine fishermen Blue lobsters are as
ky and extremely ' nid
— ---- but
The Roman Catholic church is one of the ,
most geuerous patronize» of the lau
blue as the summet
beautiful
makers'art, and the Morisini herself,
was so popular when her husband was I
doge (Lat the pc. pie m ule Iter dOgeress
when lie died, might envy tlie laces which :
officiating dignitaries wear on their priest
ly garments.
man
lug
----------- ; ages
Gray, the noted poet, glvesa very minute of
account of a canary owned by a woman
who kept a coffee house in Pall Mall, Lon- I
don, aud states that this birdoould whistle !
no less than twenty different tunes. I asked
--— j as
It Is said In Paris that twice as many' he
crimes are committed by persons between time
the ages cf fifteen aud twenty as by thoaa waa
between twenty and forty. ; was
— ! army
mR.
BO WSER'S T HEORIES.
tbs Bowser Gives an Account of Ills Ex
pertinents.
Mr. Bowser doesn't Intend to lot sickness or
ieath get nncad of us as a family, if any effort
of his can prevent, and he is always doing the
right thing In the uick of time. One day he
camo homo au hour ahead of time, his coun
tenance wearing a very Important look, and
the first thing he did was to boll up stairs to
Dur bedroom and lower the window, although
l bad just closed it after miring tho room lor
two houra Ho then came clattering down to
tfik me tor a pan.
"What on earth do you want of a pan?" I
frked.
"To sa vo all our lives!" he answered.
"Iiow?"
"Your bedroom is full of poisonous gases,
which must bo absorbed by an open vessel of
water."
"Nonsense!"
"I expected it. That's tho weapon of tho
Ignorant! Mrs. Bowser, if you want to die
by poisonous gases poisoning the blood, I
hav# nothing to say, but I shall save th" life
of our child, if possible. 1 have felt a strange
lassitude for several days, and a sanitary
plumber tells me that wo have poisonous air
n the room."
Your lassitude couldn't have come from
being out to club and lodge four succesHivo
olghts until 12 o'clock, could it/"
Ho seized the fwm and hurried up stairs,
and when he had filled it at the lavatory he
It In the middle of the Door, and came
down, with a relieved look on his face, to
ft
"Soo if you don't feel bettor to-morrow
than you have for a month. It's a wonder
e ore not all dead."
"Did tho ancients know about these poison
an* gases?" 1 oHkud.
"Not a thing They never gave them a
thought"
"And yet tho average of health was 17 per
eent. above that of today, and the average of
mortality that rnuoii lower I llow do you
account for it?"
"Oh, well, If you want to die go ahead.
PU even buy a rope and help you to hung
yourself. I exported this, of course, but ridi
cule never move* me, Mrs. Bowser—never."
Two hour* later lie went up stairs in his
■Uppers to look for a pa|».*r in another coat,
and, of course, ho Hat his foot plump down in
that pan of water There wo* u yell anil a
Jump, and over went the pan, and when I got
up there bo «Usd holding up one leg, ns you
have *oon a hen do on a wet day. What 1
■aid on that occasion kept Mr. Bowser vory
quiet for a whole week. Then he began to
grow restless again, and one night he brought
homo a suspicion* looking package und
inoaked it up stall**. After surnwr he sud
denly disappeared, and when 1 looked for
him upstair * he had something in a basin aud
wa* about to hold it over a gas burner.
"Mr. Bowser, have you got u now theory,"
I asked.
"Look here, Mrs. Bowser," ho replied, as
ho put down tho basin, "you have hoard of
bacteria, I presume."
"Yes, sir."
"They are tho germs of disease floating
about They are alive. If inhaled, cholera,
yellow fever and other dread diheases are the
result Fumigation kills them "
"Ami you are going to fumigate this
room ?"
"1 am. I am going to kill oir the dreaded
bacteria."
"Well, you'll drive us out of tho house or
kill u*. "
I went down stairs and ho huruod a com
pound of tar and sulphur. In ten minutes
we bad to open d.x>re and windows, and the
cook came running in to ask :
"Is it cremal ion Mr. Bowser is trying oa
us?"
"I am simply driving out bacteria," he re
plied, coming down the stairs at that mo
ment
"And there's bacteria In the housef*
"I'm afraid so."
"Aud I've worked hero four weeks under
tho noses of the dreadful creature. ? Mr.
Bowser, l quits! I quits uewl"
Aud quit sho did We had to sleep on the
sitting room floor last night, and three weeks
later every caller could detect that odor. It
was hardly gone, however, when Mr. Bowser
begun to »niff around again.
"Any more bacteria?" 1 asked.
"Mrs. Bowser, if you want to sit here aud
die 1 have no object ions, but I don't propose
to neglect common sense precautions to pro
serve my own health."
"Isanything wrong now?"
"1 think ho. 1 thmk 1 can detect an odor
of sewer gas in tin* house."
Impossible! I shan't have no more stuff
burned until 1 know it is necessary."
"Won't you? If there i* sower gas here it
must be eradicated at once."
For tho next week tho entire bouse smelled
of clilos ido of lime until one could hardly
draw a long breath, but Mr. Bowser was not
satisfied.
"1 have boon thinking," ho «tld to mo ono
evening, "that l may bring tho germs of
■onto terrible dis ease homo in my clothes, i
ride on tho cor, you know, und 1 ought to
take precautions."
"How?"
"Carry u disinfectant about mo to repel the
germs."
"It might bo a good idea. "
"Now you an» talking sonst'. Now you
seem to understand the peril which has men
aced us.".
lie got something down town the next day.
I think some of his friends put up a job on
him, knowing Ida craze, it was a compound
which left him alone on tho street car bufure
ho had ridden throe blocks, and ho had no
sooner got Lnto tho house than we had to re
tire to tho back door* The cook got a sniff
of it, and down went thodiuncr und up went
her hands, aud she shouted at Mr. Bowser:
"A man «* will keep »kunk under his bouse
would beat me out of my wages, and I'll be
goin' thi* minute!"
It took soap and water and perfumery and
half a day's time to remove tho odor, und
when 1 declared that it was the last straw
Mr. Bowser crossed his bands under hia coat
tails and replied:
"Mr*. Bowser, 1 believe this house to lx*
clear of bacteria, owing to my prudence aud
■elf sacrifice, and 1 want to keep it so." \
"1 suppose I got 'em here?"
"Without a doubt, madamP*
"And all this rumpus has bçen ou my ao*
oounti"
"Exactly. But don't go t*»o far with ma
Enough u enough. Yoa must stop right
where you are. 1 have humored you all 1
propose to!"—Detroit Free Press.
Au lutcrcHting Controversy.
Bobby—They worn talking about you last
night, Mr. Feather ly.
Mr. Fuat burly—l* that so, Bobby?"
Bobby—Yes; about your Uiiug homely
«sough to stop a clock.
Mr. Feathcrly (anxiously— Who said 1 was.
Bobby ?"
Bobby— Ma.
Mr. Featherly (much relieved)—Oh, your
reatneny 'much relieved)—Cm, y
»»I And what did your sister t l.ua sayl'
Bobby- Sim didn't think s-v
it- did »h*
Bobby
Mr. Feathorly— Ule»ber— hY
think 1 was bandsomoi"
Bobby (h.wtatingly)-TV«U—ep-n-00; she
nid du» didn't think you could stop a clock,
but she thought you might make It loss time
tast. " Harper's Bazar,
Length of Soldier»- Steps.
Among the continental armies the Ger-
man soldiers bar o the longest legs, judg
lug by the length of step, which is 'eighty
centimeters. The step of the French, Aus-
trian, Belgian aud Swedish soldiery aver-
ages seventy five centimeters, while that
of the Russian soldiers rarely exceed sixty
nine.—fet, Louis Republic.
-------
When In 1851 tbo Duke of Wellington
asked lord Stanhope, then war minister,
as to when tbe English army first wore r.-d
he was told that the custom dated from the
time of Charles 11. The duke thought it
waa l ' iirlier . and laird Macaulay said he
was right, and that the commonwealth
army wore red.
\
MAZEPPA IN HEAL LIKE
THE AWFUL FATE PREPARED FOR
DR. GRANT BY MEXICANS.
A Tragic Story of an Inhuman Incident
of the Early Struggles lie tween Mexico
and Texas—Brief History of Grant's
Life In Mexico ami Texas.
Among the tragical event» that, written
fn blood upon the page of the history of
■a , ■, , , .. - "
Fkxnn curly struggle for liberty, nmko it
oneof the most gloriou» in the annals of
the world there Is noue more thrilling or
terrible than the fate of Dr. James Grant.
In the person of this unfortunate settler
was repeated the famous story of the ride
of the Dole, Mazeppa; but for Grunt there
was no rescue, and he was torn to pieces
after «mile or two by the raging, mad
dened animal to which he was bound.
Grant was a Scotchman by birth, and
had been educated for a physician, but
ring to ill healt h was obliged to leave
Scotland fora milder climate, and finally
settled in Mexico, of which country he be
came, fojr the sake of expediency, a natu
ralized citizen, and in 1825 bought n large
tract of land in the neighborhood of Par
ra*.
. ^ I
, tM ? P r , 0 Perty J* |
gave great offense to the better class of the
Mexicans by his advanced notions and
effort* to reform the condition of the poor
laborers of the visinity, and it Is believed
that the cruelty practiced toward Grant is
to l»e attributed to the dislike he aroused
But it ia probable that while this in
creased the feeNhg against him, his en
deavors to introduce American colonists
Into Texas was the real secret of this en
tity
WHY HE BECAME OBNOXIOUS,
iu company with Dr. J. C Beales ho, in
1888. obtained an impresario contract for
settling 800 families between the Nueces ■
and Hio Grande rivers Fifty-nine of these !
colonists sinl«l from New York in the
schooner Amos Wright ou Nov. 11,18*18, |
and on Dec. (1 the schooner entered Aran
sas pass. Cumbered with children and
women unused to the privations and ex
ertions of a pioneer's life, the party pro
ceeded with the greatest difficulty toward
the territory where their proposed settle
ment wa* to be. Their way led via Goliad
and San Antonio, and from the petty an
noyances to which they were subjected at
the hands of tho Mexicans it was evident
that the immigration wan bitterly resented,
ami an object of suspicion.
Tho party arrived at a little stream
called the Isa» Moras on March 10, 18.'B,
where u village was duly laid off into
streets, and with renewed hopes the colo
ulsts began tho work of breaking tbe laml !
Into little farms. But the name of the
village, which was Dolores, seemed pro
phetic. The place was never built up, and
the settlement whs soon abandoned.
Grant then began to occupy himself with
politics, and was'secretary of the executive
council of Coahuila, and iu 1885 a member
of the legislature dispersed by General Cos.
After this arbitrary measure he made his
way with a few companions to • San An
touio, und in the command of a company
of forty men assisted Milam in tho capt
ure of the city, but he was opposed to the
declaration of Texas independence, believ
ing the measure imprudent ami precipitate,
aud advised patience until re enforced by
other settlers.
WHEN GRANT WAS CAPTURED.
Early in 1820 lie projected an expedition
to the liio Grande for the purpose of re
establishing, at least temporarily, the con
stitution of 1824. In this he associated with
himself Colonel D. VV. Johnson, the pioneer
her.- and patriot, w hom he sent by the way
of San Felipe, where he was successful in
obtaining the authority of the executive
council for their scheme, while Grant went
directly to Refugio They arrived early in
February, with about seventy men, in San
Patricio, where Johnson established his
heudqnarters, while Graut, with Major
•YJorris and about forty men, went farther
west to collect a supply of horses.
On Feb. 28 San Patricio was surprised
and captured by General Urrea, who pro
ceeded with such caution that the 'Texans
were kept in profound Ignorance of the
movement.
In the meantime Colonel Grunt with his
company WMsencaiuped on theAgua Du Ice
creek, twenty-six miles to tho southwest,
on their w ay buck to San Patricio with the
horse» they had secured. Urrea learned of
their whereabouts, aud sent out a large
body of Mexican dragoons for their capt
ure. A short but decisive fight ensued,
when most of tho Americans were killed
without quarter, Major Morris killed,
Grant slightly wounded aud Brown taken
prisoner by means of a lasso.
Grant, known to be a surgeon, was prom
ised a passport to leave the country if he
would attend to the wounded Mexicans.
This he did with such fidelity that all,
without exception, recovered, but in tho
meantime the captain left in command of
the town after the departure of Urrea
secretly dispatched eight men in search of
a wild horse, which they succeeded in capt
uring after about three weeks.
HORRIBLE TREATMENT.
The unfortunate sett 1er was then brought
forth, and by the order of tho brutal cap
tain his loot were bound to those of the
horse and his hands to tho tail, lie strug
gled tram*ally, aud after reminding tho
officer of his solemn promise, to which no
attention was paid, he appealed to the:
men, recalling to them his ministrations j
and devotion, but the only reply was ln I
r-.iliiug imprécations and shotttsof hideous
merriment. As I ho men stood ready to j
sever the cords that held the mustang tho I
captain brought a lash down upon tbe ani 1
- Is vour
is jour I
tnai's flanks, exclaiming, "Th
passport—now go."
The fiery, untamed horse sprang away
with groat violence, and was soon lost to
sight. The uext day the mangled remains
of poor Grant were discovered some dis
tance from the town, but were left uu
buried.
General Urrea. In hi» accouut of the
capture of Sau Patricia, declares that
Grant was killed in the action of March 3,
aud the statement was confirmed by Colo
nel Reuben Brown, who saw him fall,
wounded, ou that occasiou, aud believed
him dead, but t he story of his fearful ride
to death was told by Ins Mexican servant,
who had becu left in San Patricia, who
wo» of course perfectly familiar with his
person.
This servant, a boy of about eighteen
master. He declared that he made several
attempts to secure the remains aud bury
them, but was warned by the Mexicans
uot to interfere ou peril of his life.—St
Louis Republic.
Practical riillanthropy.
A sound scheme of philanthropy has
been carried out with good results by
M Felix Deleuze, a gentleman of for
tune in Paris, who some years ago, bo
i "in servant, a uuyut uuout oignteeu I
years old, afterward made bis way to Gen 1
eral Houston, and, with every evidence of
real grief, related 'he barbarous fate of Ins
1
reft of wife and children, adopted six
team orphan girls. '4 hese he installed in
his fine but desolate house under a suita
bie staff of governesses, and had them
educated carefully under his own super- !
vision. Two of the girls, now grown to
be women, were happily married last
year, three more, attended by nine of
their companions, were wedded at a
triple ceremony this spring, and two
have taken the veiL Each girl is pre
sented with $4,000 and an excellent
trousseau ou her wedding day, but as
the magnificent fortune of their bene
factor ia uot to become their property
they are brought up with no luxuroua
tastes or extravagaut expectation*.
of
THE TOWN MEETING.
A Characteristic New England IL*!»«»
tion That Secures Good Unie.
In New England the body of voters in
the town attend the stated March meeting
nt the call of the selectmen. It is ns much
their duty to remain all day and to take
part in discussing the affairs of the town
as to cast their ballots for governor or for
presidential electors. The warrant for the
town meeting notifies the townsmen of the
business that will come before them. In
addition to t he articles relating to the reg
tllar and routine proceedings of the occa
sion are special article» which have been
!
fion are special urwwwi *wm;u
it ! | u8ertod j„ tl , e warrant at the request of
of
or
private citizens. Each voter has a printed
copy of the town report. It contains a mi
nutely itemized account of the expend!
tu res of the past year. These items are
criticised or defended by the town. The
debate is general Appropriations are
voted.
Usually there is a subject which breeds
excitement, it may relate to a project for
a new school house, to the opening of u
new street, to the bidding of a new sewer.
The work that shall be done for the com
ing year is determined. The manner in
which roads and bridges shall he repaired
is prescribed. All the business transacted
in villages by the board of trustees is done
by the townsmen themselves. Every
I knows what is to be done, and how it .w
| ^ done . Rvery one has the opportunity
to disclose wlmt he knows of the misfeas
is
in
ances of the town officers, to suggest how
work might have been better done, how
money might have been saved.
Tho influence of the town meeting gov
ernment upon the physical character of
the country, upon the highways and
bridges and upon the appearance of the
villages is familiar to all who have traveled
through New England. The excellent
roads, the stanch bridges, the trim tree
shaded street», lhe universal signs of thrift
and of the people's pride in the outward
aspects of their villages are too well known
■ t0 j JC , dvve it upon.
! The town meeting has ulso developed an
i n telli K ent, active mln.lcl. alert, public
| spirited people. Participation in public
bus!uess has induced a patriotic interest
! .Medal one time or another
j
in the art of government. It is true that
the intelligence of the average New Eng
land rural voter is best shown in his opin
ions and action in tow-n politics, but this
simply indicates that the citizen should
not unnecessarily undertake the control of
matters uot affect ing his own locality, nor
should ho give to agents meeting in a re
mote capital a large and important juris
diction over the individual.
The New England townsman knows how
to transact public business. The first task
of every town meeting is the selection of
a moderator. In n New England town
nearly every man of prominence has pre
er the town
meeting. Even they who have not must
be familiar with parliamentary law and
practice, for the clear and simple rules of
Cushing and Jefferson are elaborately dis
cussed not only by the lawyers and the
clergymen, but by the doctors, the store
keepers, the mechanics and tho farmers.
It would be difficult to find in a New
England community a man who cannot
take charge of a public meeting and con
duct its proceedings with some regard to
the forms that are observed in parliament
ary bodies. On the other hand it would be
difficult in any other part of the country
to find a citizen who has not held office
who has any knowledge of such forms and
observances.
In New England there is not a voter who
may not, and very few voters who do uot,
actively participate in the work of govern
ment. In the other purts of the country
hardly any one takes part in public affairs
except the officeholder. The effect of this
is precisely what may be anticipated. The
man of tho New England town is equipped
for the larger stage of the stake or nat ion.
The tyro from New York who is sent to
congress must lea. u the lesson which the
other acquired in the town meeting.—Hen
ry L. Nelson in Harper's.
RuiJwuy Honking Clerks.
Railway clerks have to pass an exami
nation ami appear before tbe board of di
rectors before they receivean appointment.
A certificate of birth and testimonials as to
character are also required. They ure then
registered, and wtll have to wait until a
vacancy occurs, which may he either in the
goods or passenger department, and at any
station along the line. Tho work of the
clerical staff in the goods department is
very similar to that in a merchant's oliice.
There will be a chief clerk, perhaps a
cashier, and invoice, abstract and ledger
clerks. Their hours are regular, and t hey
are a steadier lot of men than their con
freres in the passenger department, and ns
a role they get married sooner.
The two brandies are rather inclined to
hold aloof from one another. They seldom
frequent the same haunts, and their tastes
seem to dilter iu the matter of enjoyment.
The clerical stall' in the passenger depart
ment consists of I looking and parcel clerks;
but except at large stations, the latter
have to take their turn in booking, so can
be classed under the same bead.—Cham
bers' Journal.
A New Process for Wrought Iron.
Tbe process discovered by Dr. Emmons
for making wrought iron from pig metal
without puddling is decidedly novel, hut
j-et so effective that, according to his state
ment, one can take a horseshoe nail made
of the metal, fasten the head in a vise, and
twist it into an almost perfect screw with
out breaking; the claim being, in fact, that
lit iron can be bent,
I tl , is „
P1 ,n,.,i - , ,
j co i.i ' ■ ' *J 11 ^ shape while
I met/.h " ' ° r Ulu bes ' bwcdlsh
1 i.. ;» . .
J , , ' ro ,' 1 " c " on a vat is filled with a
I chemical solution and a number of thin
sheet Iron plates; the pig iron is also
placed in the vat, and the two metals in
this condition are connected to a dynamo.
1 lie current, which is then passed through
the vat in the usual way, is said to have I
the remarkable effect of causing tho pure I
iron to he completely separated from the j
impurities existing in the pig iron, and to
forma deposit on tho sheet iron plates.— !
New \ oik Sun.
!
!
'
j
j
I
I
)
j
i
l'»«-» of Hot Water.
Hot water is one of tlie best among sira- I
pie remedies For instance, headache al j
most always yields to tbe simultaneous
application of hot water to tbe feet aud
back of tho no
I i u bût W ,, 1 n',., 1 ,7 j it ' e . ra *'"»rs and dipped
1 applied over'tie J '. wru " B ollt ani >
w n r , L ff u Ï 1C 0r , " eu ''" 1 Siu.
A sfrfnoï fl umel ! »7°''?^ T 7'
1 Astnpot tlanuel or napkin folded length
wise nml dipped in hot water and wrung
out aud then applied round the neck of à
child that has the croup, will sometimes
briu^ relief iu ten minutes.
Hot water taken freely half nn hour be
fore bed time is helpful iu the case of con
stipation, utul has a most soothing effect
upon the stomach.
A goblet of hot water taken just after
^. before breakfast, has cured thou
"morew7'h re.-7,m"! ,!ied 'l7ph "Sais
to dyspeptics. - Ladies' Homo Journal
-
Famous Rubies,
! The largest ruby known is one men
^ onei * by Chardin as having been en
g r "' od with the name of Sheik Sophy
Another noble ruby is iu possession of
the shah of Persia. Its weight is put at
175 carats. A third, belonging to the
ki,1 S of Usa par, was cut into a hemi
spherical form and iu 1653 was bought
for 113.866. A ruby possessed by Gits
"' "s Adolphus and presented to tlie
czarina at the time of his journey to Bt
Petersburg was the size of a small hen's
®gg-—Jewelers' Review.
! A BIG CATCH OF SALMON.
CITIZEN TRAIN'S LUCK FISHING IN
OREGON YEARS AGO.
Account of H'C rlrst Visit or » Well
Northwest Soon
nw the Eccentric
ught "04 Flsli.
Known Man to t
After the Civil Wa
Got a Duck lug—II
George Francis Train, while at the
Portland, told a friend some of the inci
dents of a visit lie paid this state many
years ago. away bade early in the sixties.
He said lit) was tho first- one to discover
salmon in iho Columbia, and caught 461
in a day, and carried them across the
! Columbia, walking on the backs of the
salmon which crowded tho river; also
that he learned the Chinook jargon iu
fifteen minutes.
! Like most of the reminiscences of by
gone days iu Oregon, there is some foun
dation for these statements, but still
they vary somewhat from tho facts in
the case. A correct account, therefore,
of Mr. Train's exploits in catching salmon
aud studying Chinook jargon will be
fonud interesting.
It was somewhere about 186-1 or i860
when Mr. Train first came out hero, just
after a Fenian scare in Canada. It was
when lie took a run across tho line to
Victoria, and the long roll of the British
drums was heard, and the troops were
called out, sentries doubled and detect
ives kept watch over every move he
made while he was on British territory.
' Mr. Train had aspirations for tho
presidency in those days, and a gentle
man here has a photograph of him, pre
sented by Mr. Train himself, on the back
of which is written an invitation for the
the recipient to meet the donor in tho
White House when he should be elected
president.
Hit. TRAIN TRUSS HIS HAND,
j While here Mr. Train visited The
Dalles, on the invitation of Captain J.
C. Ainsworth, and made his first acquaint
ance with the Chinook salmon and
Chinook jargon in their native wilds,
j This was long before a can of salmon
had been put up on the Columbia, and
when the only salmon fisheries on the
river were those of the Indians at the
Cascades and at The Dalles.
Mr. Train was to address the citizens
of The Dalles in the church, and the day
liefere paid a visit to a salmon fishery in
the rapids below Celilo. He greatly ad
mired tlie easy, graceful manner in
which an Indian, standing on a frail
platform hung over a narrow chute,
plunged his dipnet into tho foaming cur
rent and lifted tho salmon out on the
rocks, and he wished to try his hand.
The Indian endeavored to dissuade
him, telling him that he would ''killapi
copa chuck"—that is. fall into the river;
but Mr. Train insisted, and Ute Indian
politely yielded up his net and stand,
and Mr. Train stepped out on the plat
form, net in hand.
I Never before since the Columbia forced
its way through the Cascades had such
a spectacle been presented to the Chi
nook salmon. Mr. Train wore a green
broadcloth swallowtail coat with brass
buttons, a tall silk hat, satin vest and
ruffled sldrt. As he pissed his net for
"scoop" ho was the observed of all ob
servers. He scooped, aud a large Chi
nook salmon was caught in his net, but
I instead of pulling it out it pulled him in,
aud before one could say "Jack Robin
son" Mr. Train was being whirled away
like a cork in the swift current.
HE MAKES A PREDICTION.
Several Indians, who had evidently ex
pected this, immediately jumped in, and,
fortunately, succeeded in dragging Mr.
Train ashore. His tall hat was dancing
like a bubble down the current, but
lot of young Indians scampered after it
and soon brought it back.
) Mr. Train was not to be balked by his
mishap, and while ho peeled off his coat,
vest, etc., he took a lesson in Chinook
and found out what "killapi copa chuck"
meant. Having stripped down to his
ruffled shirt and laid ids garments out
in the sun to dry, lie again took the net,
and telling his friends to go back to The
Dalles and send up nn engine for him at
6 p. m., he stepped out on the platform
and fished all day, piling up 264 Hue sal
mon.
When the engine came after him he
wished to take the salmon to town with
him to ornament the rostrum from which
he was to speak that evening, but was
dissuaded from this on the ground that
it would not look well in a church.
He delivered a lecture that evening iu
which lie complimented the pioneers on
j their bravery and fortitude in immigrat
i ing to this section, and told them °that
while they were seeking fur gold in the
mountains and hoping to get wealth
from their herds of cattle, which ranged
on ten thousand hills, there was immense
wealth swimming past their doors un
noticed.
He then predicted that in a few years
the salmon of tho Columbia would he
canned and exported to the uttermost
ends of the earth, and would become
oneof the great products of this state,
all of which has become true.—Portland
Oregonian,
Days fur the Saints and Saints for the Days.
The Puritan ieonoelasticism which
tore from church walls pictures of the
lovely Madonna, and gave images and
rosaries and crucifixes to be burned
which built the desolate, bare ugly
meeting houses of early New England
and scowled with Bradford on the
Christmas games, was simply a declara
tion that the multiplication of pictures
*ud rosaries and images had not rnado
men and women more truthful, upright
hberty loving and self denying; 1,ad not
yet pnnhed aud ennobled human life ia
England.
Perhaps they were doing the good
work, but imperceptibly to the eLrer
Puritans Saints' days aud rosaries
they^satd,, wtli "ot bring a heaven upon
sûteL • T ra re T probably enough dead
Mints m the calendar to make a faint's
day of every day in the year. But wW
we need, brethren, i* not so much days
for the sai nts as saints for t h.- days.
Slio Was No SUter lt , , Jim
other^day* testified Ut lWfust ll '°
_
made the lawyer mad, and heriiaroïv , V"i
her, "Has uot Brother ^ and so-Lnran
ing the opposing lawyer, "been t'alkimr »
you, aud told you what to say?" «h, r
in a higher k
ra ti,o r -----™ son 'e«hat injuriously
to the side she was supposed to U — ■
7 dou,t kn °w whether he is a brother to
youc^not; he isn't , 0 me.Bangor Com°
At Eleven o'Cl.ck.
yoÆhltri^^^Â?" betweeD
-d so »hall L-Kate Ftridh
IO A CADr
WHAT
Certain rolnt» by Which II« May ne Ol»
tln*iilsheil from a «lentlemon.
Richard Grant White wrote that "the
dropping ami putting on of IPs in Eng
l»ad is a sure protection against cuds," a
statement that, was not true, for the reason
that a "cad," as the term Is understood, Is
not necessarily a cockney, but a preten
tious man of any origin or training who
possesses mean Instincts aud exhibits Lhetn
In hia manners.
"Possibly nothing," said a gentleman
who has long beeu regarded as something
Df an arbiter in social questions, "more de
■isively »tamps tbe cad than his pie ten
■ions in knowing just how to eat. aud bis
exhibiting contempt for the homely, rff I
fashioned individual who desires to eat in
another way. You may at once be sure
that the fellow who emphasizes his supe
rior ability iu ordering a dinner, and draw»
attention to the manner in which he eats
it, has either just acquired his knowledge
or is mean of character.
"If he,is a gentleman, and has always
eaten well ever since lie was born, lie will
be aware that what lie personally prefers
is of tio more consequence in the real art. of
cooking than what his neighbor relishes
and that eating is uot an exhibition, but a
gratification. If you manage to serve n
dinner that would liuve caused Lucullus to
weep tears of joy, or that would summon
smiles of approval into the face of Mr. Me
Allister, aud yet fails to please the appe
tite of your guests, yoa have made a dead
failure of it.
"Yet you will find the cads I refer to ex
pressing supercilious disdain of the person
who would call for roast turkey in prefer
ence to canvas back duck, or exhibit a
fondness for fish chowder when bisque
d'ecrevisses could be obtained. The cad
will be shocked when a barbarian puts
horseradish on oysters, and nearly faint if
butter is reqonted ut dinner. He is not
content to allow these slight common
places to pass, but must impress upon peo
ple about him that lie is deeply affected by
the vulgarity of them.
"All this is done with an air that makes
every one about him feel very ignorant.
After dining with such a man one rises
feeling that he has attended a terribly
formal ceremony, in which all cordiality,
ease and enjoyment have been lost iu tlie
labor expended to be absolutely correct.
Perhaps the man who knows it all has
really given a very good proof of his epi
curean taste, but it is more likely he hasn't.
In either event he has showu himself a cad
who would not bo tolerated outside the
parvenu crowd that can be hoodwinked
into believing that good manners are
taken ou and put off like the kingly gar
ments worn by even bad actors."—New
York Sun.
Speed and Safety on the Ocean.
Notwithstanding all the peril from fog
and ice, and from the fury of cyclones aud
hurricanes, the steamers of the transatlan
tic lines are so staunchly built and so
capably handled that a man is less likely
to meet with accidents on board one of
them than he would bo in .walking tbe
streets of a crowded city. Never before
have so many passengers been carried as
are carried now. The ships that were re
garded as leviathans Fifteen or sixteen
years ago are as yachts compared with
more, recent additions to the various fleets.
Scarcely more than ten years have elapsed
since sixteen knots was the maximum
speed, now it is twenty knots, with the cor
tainty of an almost immediate increase to
twenty-one or twenty-two knots.
The tonnage has been increased within
the same period from a maximum of 5,000
to 10,500, and while ten years ago 200 cabin
passengers were as many as any steamer
could accommodate with a reasonable de
gree of comfort on one voyage, it is not un
common now to tiud over 500 as the com
plement of ono steamer. When steamers
of sixteen and seventeen knots were built
it was said that they were too large and
too fast, and that they would surely come
to grief, but experience has proved them to
be as safe as any. In fact, those who are
best qualified to know declare that tho
augmentation of speed promotes safety.—
William H. Rideiug iu Scribner's.
-
rienty of Jtcu for tlio Position.
An interesting story is told, anil it is a
true story, of a merchant who inserted au
advertisement to theefi'ect that he wanted
a bookkeeper, married, of irreproachable
private character, an expert accountant,
one speaking French, Spanish and Get
man preferred, to whom, reference being
satisfactory, would be paid *000 salary for
the first year—less than ten dollars a week.
To this advertisement, which was orig^
inally ordered inserted for a week, came
the first day seventy four answers. The
advertisement was taken out.
Now here is a curious condition of af
fairs. The men who applied were men of
education; many of them had seen the tra
ditional better days, yet they were willin'*
to accept $10 a week.
The question naturally arises, is it better
to teach one's sons n trade or to givo them
hat is technically known as an education f
There is a heap of thought in that, and if
tho material prosperity of tlie housesraiths
aud the workingmen of whatever
------ name
may be taken, on the one hand, and the
™n V T;ifn7lr S , iCtT of the edlIcate<i
men .seeking clerical situations may bo
taken its an index on tlie other, is it uot a
fair infet-euce that there is something rot
ten in this particular state of Denmark?—
Joseph Howard in New York Press.
Boring the Elevator Man.
"What is the greatest bore that you en
counter in your interesting line of busi
ness?" usked a conversational crank of a '
brisk young man who runs ono of the eie- I
vatcr cars in the Equitable building. "The !
man that asks unnecessary questions," 1
was the quick reply. "Ah, indeed?" con
tinued the unabashed crank. "Will you :
kindly tell me what particular question 1
you are asked most frequently?"
"Well, yes, I'll tell you," said the young
man, as he gave the wire cable a pull and
* twist that sent the car rapidly down- 1
often I co M nn'T, UkS -'JÎ - t0 , kn0 ' v ll0 ' v
oiceu 1 go up and down in Ibis elevator in a
day. I suppose tliHt'U be your next ques
tion, so 1 will tell you that I dou't know;
never counted. Ground tloor. All outl"
—New York Times.
a
Mr. Dix was duly instructed tô 'tlefemi*Lhe !
The Fortune of Law.
A good story is told of Mr. C. M. Dix,
the Newcastle solicitor, who made himself
so conspicuous in the Silksworth eviction
cases.
A series of burglaries had been perpe- 1
trated in the vicinity of Newcastie-upou- !
i/ D ^. ttU<i at last lll ° tllieves * were captured. I
Mr. Dix was duly instructed t<> »1*
men, and so admirably did lie
exercise his |
legal ingenuity that, notwithstanding the :
fact that a book was found in the posses- ,
sion of one of tlie men wherein were en
tered the various "cribs cracked" and
cribs to be cracked," a merely nominal
penalty was enforced, solely through the
clever pleading of Mr. Dix.
After tlie case had been heard Mr. Dix,
moved by curiosity, leisurely proceeded to
peruse the contents oi the book mentiuueU,
and his surprise, not to say disgust, may
he more readily imagined than described,
f ° r *î! non « the "cribs cracked" figured No.
"{„IT , R , oad ' Mr. Dix's own house,
77, , K '' el1 broken into a short time
L 'T'' 5 ',' and from ' vllidl some valuable
fkte had b een stolen—L ondon Tit-Bits.
The Worm Turns.
"What is this bill for?"
"Storage." i
"I have had no goods stored with you or , ta
anyone else." !
"Yes, you have. You've been throwing
your empty bottles aud tin cans' Into" 'that
vacant lot of mine uext your house for live t0
VfiBN Tan ~ 1 1..... Ï .. __ ««a
y<^ Ten dollars, pieasc.— New York
a
I
a famous cafe.
Wh*l DHtuonlrt»'* , B (
»Auf- -I I. to tho (j ay V|>H
Lot us COMO at onto to 11 "!
Tortoui. mOSt Cele ' ,nite<1
Tortouil Ttio ntiiiie ,]
"«eh to yon, but to ns p ; , r m -- w
of reminiscences, j b , lvo h fell
establishment
Paris. It w
,K one of
Gif,
*" not «V«
Ä $ L
,,'uh founded in *
Italians, Valloni and Torto ,1 u by '»o
camo fashionable; conti™, ' , 800,1 V
robe aud functionaries f r '" f thel '»-î
Amont; the habitues was a it.
Bpuior, whose »lcill at l)illh,./ M,Wnit 'I
prising. ' lrUa was Mt .
Prince Talleyrand bad such m
in seeing Spolor play, he h-„i
deuce in kis game, that hfi^^
one day to his house and nr ' '' ,lu
to one of his friend»! *
for the department of til v
Vov g e Si a] %
of the Vr
a great billiard player ami v», "™' " lso
his talent. A bet was la!?.^'!
«'its made; «
match was engaged hetwe,
tho receiver,
40,000 francs,
times
lards.
w>lettij
netween Rnni,, 1
•»S»
You
sp o that itj,
times nsefui to know how to
One of the most
litmq
Ptay bill.
Cafe Tortoni was Prévost^-**
waiters, whose spine was «
his conscience, and
- preached y ou nn ] e , s
»ne of t
whn ' 8Up!)le a >
«no never
bo «ed to the
A thotWUao*!
any.
Is monsieur good enough tortes
thing?" ° 10 desire
It was exquisite. What was tint
-to him was that in giving IJ 0 *»
kept tbo best part of it f,,r ?. *"8*1«
detected by oh^ce he ha Hn^'
"Pardon me! pardon
pardons!" me. a thousand
Nowadays tlie Cafe Tortoni j. „
longer haunted by diplomats like TH
rand, but by journalists and meu X
ters. Toward 8 o'clock are fonml .
and then gathered around U mZ
few men of wit-Albert VVolff p -
Bin vet Hen-y Fouquier and finally
hen Scholl, the most brilliant wft
Parts, Francisque Sarcey in Scribneri
A Telegraphist's Freak
In connection with ti.e opening of the
London and Pans telephone a -oM.t
is told of the early days of tdepaphin?
when telephones were not yet tiiou<*ht
of, and when conversation had to Iw car
ned on, metaphorically speaking, with
the help of the Morse instrument
the time referred to there were two com
peting companies working with tbe Uot
tinent Ono was the Submarine, with
its ofhco in Threatlneedle street- th«
0t ?it r . t th ® Electric alul International
WJth its offices in Telegraph street, not
many yards separating them. One
worked to France, the other to Holland
Both used the Morse printing form of
apparatus. The competition did not
prevent tho respective staffs from meet
ing in a fraternal way, and on tho occa
sion in question it became evident that
two of them had been hobnobbing just
before each took -tip his duty at the dif
ferent offices at 11 p. m.
At about ten minutes past 11 the tele
graphist who was in charge of the relay
at Amsterdam was asked by Telegraph
street to join him up to Brussels. This
was done, and Brussels was requested to
switch him on to Calais, and Calais was
desired to join through to London. Th#
lino thus formed was from London to
Orfordness, ou the Norfolk coast; acrosj
tho North sea to Sclieveningen,on the
Dutch coast; through Holland, through
Belgium, through France, across the
English channel and back by Dover to
London. And all this trouble was taken
by the Telegraph street man to ask his
"chum" in Threadneedlo street "if he
had picked up his pipe when leaving the
publ"—London Tit-Bits.
Ho Kept the Key.
Tho late Dr. Wightman, of Kirkina
hoe, one night sitting later than usual
sunk in tho profundities of a great folio
tone, imagined he heard a sound in the
kitchen inconsistent with the quietude
aud security of a manse, so, taking his
candle, lie proceeded to investigate the
cause. His foot being heard in the
lobby, tbe housekeeper began with nil
earnestness to cover the fire, as if pre
paring for bed.
"Ye're late up to-night, Mary."
"I'm just rakin' tho fire, sir, and gann
to bed."
"That's right, Mary; 1 like timeons
hours."
On his way back to the study he
passed the coni closet, und, turning the
_____ » —wv,----------- „
key, he took it with him. Next morn
ini at an early hour there was*r»pat
his bedroom door and a request for the
kej- to light the fire.
"Ye're too soon up, Mary; go back to
your bed yet."
Half an hour later there was another
knock, aud a similar request in order to
prepare the breakfast.
"I don't want breakfast so soon, Mary,
'
I
!
1
:
1
1 „„„ iulou „ ...........
lovo to each other through the keyhole,
go hack to your bed."
Another half hour and another knock,
with an entreaty for tlie key as it Mk
washing day. This was enough. n<
rose and handed out the key, saying:
"Go and let the man out."
Mary's sweetheart had, as the doctor
shrewdly suspected, been imprisoned »
night in tho coal closet, where, Pyraou
and Thisbo like, they had breathed their
—Irish Times.
No Fireproof UuiUlteS**
There is hardly a new hotel or to;
ness building in New York but that a
advertised as fireproof, and yet a lea lag
architect told me the other day that sue
a thing conld not exist. ,
"They may he fireproof to all intent
and purposes," said he, "but if 10
mahle material be in them and it g*
afiro the iron girders aud beams wi
!
1
!
I
|
: beamed building they all go, andJ*®
, the side walls fall. The rum i _
more complete than it in^ an
building
ordinary
We do not build those in®
because m
ucrrjr—m»..-».......... „kthecossfc 1
tho average hotel proprietor on the ^
pronounce It seize-shore.-RuUOur*
fireproof fronts any more, --- .
case of a fire they fall forward „
molish the building across the stree
Tom-Wben do you go to tNsMShWt^
Jerry—You dou't pronounce tba
pound word a» l do.
JeTy-Havingin
ving H* r oft '
Ietin.
i Desperate Customer
, ta ™ "I? «7° Vrrv sir,
! Clerk— I am very sorry,
tbe lftët remnant yest . erdft £
-—What shall I
g this clot":
but wc®
thinS
Irtish icuiuniiv j —- * hufc 0B® wo***
Customer-Then teurem ^
t0 * nv,te a
««a
L ' loak Revie ''''

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