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Idaho semi-weekly world. [volume] (Idaho City, Idaho Territory) 1875-1908, July 28, 1893, Image 2

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SEMI-WEEKLY WORLD.
iDAHO CITY, - - IDAHO
B. * 0. X. JON KB. Publia bars.
LONG AGO.
I once knew all the til nie that raraa
And nested In nur orchard tree».
For «very flower I had a mtiue
My friend« were woodchuck», toad» an*
i knew where thrived In yonder glen
What plant» would »ooihe a »tone brui»»!'
toe
Oh, I waa very learned then.
But that waa vary long sgu.
I knew the spot upon the hill
Wb«v fhn kerberrli» could I« found,
I knew the riubee near the mil!
Where pickerel lay that weighed a pound!
J knew the wood the very tree
Where lived the poaching, eaucjr crow
And ail the wood« and crows knew me—
But that was very long ago.
And pining for the Joy»of youth.
1 tread the old familiar »pot
Only to learn thin «drum truth.
1 have forgotten, aiu forgot.
Yet here's this youngster at my knee
Knows all the thing» I umm! to know;
To think I once waa wine a» he
But that was very tong ago.
I know If'» folly to complain
Of whatwi'er the fair* decree.
Yat, were not wlnhiw all In vain.
J tell you what my wl*h »hould be
I'd wish to lie a boy again,
fi« k with the friend» 1 used to know
for I w aa, oh. »o happy tl»«a-
Mut that wa* very long ago
- h.ugene Yield.
Downtrodden.
lie waa a Mg, «allen hiking fellow, tow
•ring fourteen Inches «hove the meek, in
offensive looking little woman trotting
along by hl» aide, and the casual observer
would have said al a g Untre that aha waa a
broken spirited, browl**«ten wife to whom
marriage had lawn a failure, which would
have proved that the opinion of the caaiial
olmerver Is of little value
They entered a clothing store and he
aaketl to l»e shown some "pan!» " He
picked up about the fln*t pair shown hirn
ami said that he would take then», when
she snatched them from him. t«»»sed them
aside and salt) Icily
**W*ii. you'll do nothing of the sort, Jack
Bmltlil I think 1 see you paying seren
dollars for a pair of pnuta. This pair at
five dollars la Just as good. If they don't
look quit« so well, They're too short?
They're nothing of th««ort. and I can let
dow n the hern If tbay are a little short
Here. Mr Clerk, do up these paute."
Then she fished an old leather wallet up
from the depths of a pocket in an unsiiN
pected place and paid for the "pnuU,'
alter which she graciously tossed the Mg
bu:|y by her able a ten cent piece, saying
ae she did ao
''There*» the dim« you said you wanted
to get some tobacco with Get out and get
It while I wait here for you, and don't la»
gone more than ten inimités, either, for
we re going home on the next car Hurry
apf"-~Detroit Frew Press
a
•Early Iron Manufactura In Kngland.
The manufacture of ordnance seems to
have begun In the Fifteenth century, a
uiortar that was still in existence and
even uaeit for purposes of amusement less
thau a century ago at Fridge, near Chi
©ester, being claimed a» the first of the
kind ever mode in this country This waa
a hooped gun Caitnoo cant and bored are
of later data. These, too, were finit mad«
in Knglaud at Huxted, In Sussex, the
founder twin« one ftalph Ilogge, who em
ployed a Frenchman, Peter Hands by
name, a» his »»Mutant, or, more properly
instructor, the art of gun founding iieing.
It would appear, a French invention
liaude hail as an apprentice one John
Johnson, who Is deserilMMi an' having ex
©eeiled his master In hm art of casting
ordnance, miking them cleaner and to
tmier perfection ' And John Johnson'«
•°° I hoiuaa is described as having cast,
toward the end of the Sixteenth century
artillery distantly approaching to the
heavy guns of the present, his "forty two
cast pieces'* weighing ihre« tous apleca. —
Loudon Hpectator
Mow so K«Htion iv «» Kiliaustsd,
The death of James Hussell I «»well rw
pallcNl an amusing story of the way In
whlih tie »«scai as I the usual ftle of literary
beginner* * fiuatidal hm« m the publica
tion of his first volume The cost of pul*
ilahlng Mr ism ell's hook. rums the atory.
was home entirely by thst gent In.win him
self, the edition being a plain but aubetan
Ual one of fttx) copies The author felt the
usual pride In his achievement, and hoped
for almost Immediate faute, but ouly a few
copies of the work were sold.
Hihsu after, a lire occurred | u the publish
lug house where the volumes were stored,
am) they Weredeatroyod Vs the publisher
carried a full insurance on the stock, Mr
l si we 11 was able to reallxe the full cash
value of his venture, aud he had, therefore,
the sMtlsfactioti of saying to his friends
that the entire edition
Pall Mall («Manie.
exhausted
Tl»# Fruitful Htaiuu
External dreumutames
termine line« of grouth
bring* forward the hi..*
men«, which prep»
it.eeiop rapidly u
wb;lt ilia plalll. »In, I, h.
Willy h I bruiulii* furil, i|„
«wo tim« l„ ,(,)« W4 y (b,
munir« tiw (Killi h tu «dvaii
of tlic pt»ill Wb.,, it,« I
I pullen. and bi n
them I
lii
•r Applaa.
•ntuawhat do
Tb» warm >uu
»nina Th« Nta
frrtiiUiiid du«t,
uueual warmth,
»* u «' re»l«>n»t
« fruit, take. It«
» »Urnen» often
e of Hie lie, '■!»
»tll I« mature
Th# si**i id l i
feriUh
It ft*U«il
j
'
j
I
I
I
I niatiir
*«d l It« t re*
n«h tli« pa»
ar« «I heit »t.t m«ti,
UuiporaiH-niutly t),
fruit I« property fertl
•lor,,I iipuiltrltlinirii,
and then the «round
««red with fallen miniature fruit. -
1 ttijittaa Mes'bxu iu i'htladelpUla l«Hl«cr
H..I t*tar. tssr the Hu,
A capital «lory is t«ld <»f » shorthand
©terk who w-tilted hi* boy «utert»! iu * «*r
(»iu u tiiMn ftiH-r> shorthand wu Uuint.
Kuowttd( th»t ths school utMfiter would t*
•bte to decipher it. th* father, tomave time,
wrote the iu«*niMgt* in »hurt hand He meant
to 'Dear Sir I have decided to enter
■I bojr tu your echoed. M YYbat he r««Ujr
tfid *»r wa*. Ifcwir Sir -1 h»w decided to
luter mr boy in your skull *' Fancy the
WtettUhintut of the (»edagogua «t such «
pro pou» 11—E x c h « u ge
l'nowl.
Jltn-Do you mean to «ay that that bru
Ml father u a loyal >ub|«ct of yuia-u Vu»
Chart». -H» prorest It to nt«. Th« mark*
un hi« poor hot '» hack «tiowad that th» fa
tuer »ns • Weit, man aud the little f»;
tow cou id II t us« h |, without
j
I
I
I
r»if«.
brtoaiDM lo mind th« print» of
PIU» burn Bulletin.
If a "Praia to illght. ,lmpl« re.t of th»
foot fur • In lUy, tu«y b. «uffi.-l.nt. Th»
mere «i«,olut« tb. r*»t tu, heiter But «n
• Pl»r»utly «tight .prxln raustag. beyond
th« Gmt patu. no dlacooifort for p«rb»p«
twenty-four heun. m«y, without proper
rare, become to rely troubl«eome for
month»
A tlul.t Tim*.
Small Brother—That young man who
cornea u> m you now aiwaya Onega ma |
candy
Steter- Wei), )t he doe* you needn't tell
•verybody What do you do with it all)
Small Brother—Sit under the »of» «u eat
ft.—Good Newa
MILES AT A CLIP
NEARLY 3,000
Sleeping Car Porters Who Hut# the Long
eat It a ns In the World.
The only employees of the Canadian Pa
dfic who are with the express trains ail the
time between Montreal aud Vancouver are
the sleeping car porters. They travel
nearly 8,000 miles without a break, and are
on the road for nearly six days It is a
pretty hard life, lint at both ends of the
route the porters have an opportunity to
rest, though even then they hardly get suf
ficient recuperation For two or three
nights the porter is not likely to get over
three or four hours'sleep a night, aud he
ts lucky if he gets that. He is his own con
doctor, and collecting the sleeping car
tickets and accounting for them adds cou
slderably to Ills work.
Leaving Montreal at 8:40 p m., he is
certain to have a busy time at Ottawa
shortly after midnight, and then he has
bis tioo ta to black, and he is lucky if he
gets a wink of sleep before 2 or 8 a. m. He
takes a pillow and lies down in the smok
Ing room when no passengers are there,
and catche« cat naps if be can He is likely
at any moment to be aroused by a bell
aummoning him to one of the bertha, and
tho i>ell Is sure to lie kept busy after day
break.
After leaving Winnipeg be haa a
parat I rely easy time Across the plains,
though he is compelled to be up after
midnight both at Regina and at Calgary
At all important stations he has to go to
the telegraph office with a statement of
the accommodation* unoccupied in his
car, so that the station agents »head may
dispose of t**rths He has a busy time
through the mountains.
rule he loses nearly his entire car
load at Winuipeg, and it flils up thereat
once with passengers from the south. He
loses bis passenger* again at Hauff, and
their places are supplied by tourists whe
are going on from that pleasure resort,
then many of his passenger* get off at
Ulariur, and others come on, so that nearly
all the time he haa much to do iu the way
of keeping his accounts, besides his duties
aa porter
At Vancouver he lays over .or two day*,
ud as a rule he sleeps in the car. occupy
log It all the time for the round trip
When he returns to Montreal he has l»ee!i
away fourteen »lays Then he has a longer
rest. He is off duty for five days, except
that he has to Hike his turn reporting at
the depot at night to assist the outgoing
porter in taking care of luggage. His five
days' rest puts him In pretty good condi
tlon for another two weeks' siege.
The porters say the trip is rallier trying,
but that liiere Is nothing like getting used
to a thing The company pays t hem forty
dollars a mouth, and they expect to make
at least as much more in fees All of them
are colored men from the States, and have
served on some of our l***t lines They
say they like the service. Once in awhile
a man is «witched off his regular run.
which does not pleas* him very well For
Instance, he may reach Winnipeg, going
east with an empty car, and he la likely to
l»e side tracked for further orders He has
plenty of leisure then, hut the fees, which
form so large a part of his income, are not
fort boom! tig. and he prefers more profit
able activity New York Sun.
a
1 My»t«ry Ifaplaliied.
1 My»t«ry Ifaplaliied.
A gentleman of tide elty who hu» taken
tome IntereHi In mind rend in«, hypnotism,
telepathy and the like, entered Ida office
the other day, and Junta« hewn« alttln«
down tliouttht of a friend w hom lie warded
yery much to »ee on a nuttier of liualneiot
In lew, than a minute In walked the very
person
"Did you JtiHt arrivât" neked tho «entle
man
"Drove up to the door about half a min
ute «tto," »aid the visitor.
"Must send It to the INyt-hlcal Itcearch
society." »Mil the «entleman, explaluin«
what hud happened.
After Ids visitor went away ho tie«an
thin km« it over Then he suddenly ro
called somethin« he had overlooked On
pa».tu« Ids office ihrmiKh another room lie
had seen a «entleman reudln« a book with
a peculiar blnilin« It reminded him of
another honk iu similar himliti« he had
been readin« at a summer resort the week
liefore This reminded him that he
thou«hl of «oln« huck there for another
week of ree rent ton and that reminded him
that his friend had been down there, too,
«ml wa» »xpectlti« to «o back with him
Then he wondered Imw many similar tnys
terie« mi«ht lie rationally explained If the
connection between one's thought» could
ouly lie re .established Del n«t Free Press
Th« \\l
■ let
lllii
■ If.
Napoleon was a fool more than Ins just
proportion nr tim«, sud he had a habit of
sticking to decldon« made in Ids „IT hours
Voit may liear this Iu mlml, that the wisest
man Is he who most often and freely con
tradicle himself To never veer to jud«
ment, anil never «o back on yourself, is
not a mark of «etiius I asked my boy the
other day what the phrase "go hock on
yourself ' meant, and his answer gives me
Just Ui» Illustration I need He was pick
in« a row of rasplsurrlea. Ills answer was
"1 have in «a hack every few fret and lind
berries I have missed When Phil tell,
me I am ma pé km« clean. I tell him to go
hack on himself."
That I
nfu
hitiiHitr
|*rhtt|M Hga
possible cor:
j latter, be nui
' four hour»,
j *ider it IVrliaj
I letters lav by fur
I may have w ritte
You will be hu
could have Haul
I others. St. I ami
is® man 1*
one who r<
«views
n as one®
a day. an.
i then
each week.
If you t
mve u
vi rsy, and
have wri
Lien rt
Hot tO MMI
d it for ti
■venty
mg you rue
p* a good r
If time to
utr i* to
let all
as
day, if p.
lil.ilie l),
(mil ho
i that s
■rmeiu-e of «lam
»• vicinity of Cas
nt hin the last tlf
found a market
rn that It is tlie
he heart) of the
Where »ealtop« .
j Sixty >ear. a«i. the
I scallop» «II» known m t
tine. Me , but it b only
teen years that they h.'iv
Kreiytaidy ought to lei
I 'heart" (which I« not
•callup Winch I» raten Thi« ■■> called
I ''heart" i* the »trau« «iNltwior muscle of
the niolluttk All the rest, or the mantle
is throw n aw «y
In sli muscular tissue there I« » sweet
taut ing substMiu e. aud protwhiy in the
ent in large quantity
•f taking the scallop !»
U* ieved that there »re
of these giant scallop.*
•*ff Die coast of Maine
ho
seal lop tbit* I
Th« usual in<
by dmtgtng
undisettvervd
>et lo t*» found «
Tb«r« u
that
th« «
»I lo
entertained the id*».*
scallop*
wir
e OUI) fourni near
filch
•CUt
elm
rota.
they «ere ilue
it id ;
dmxi
**K
by 1
the fir.t solo |
such :
U uol
1 th
C CBM
e The IVoteu 1
(«•lot
«g*. !
to
the 1
iThol. North
eoaat
- Nt
'W '
York
Tim«»
run
Just
VI
tub
■\ Imui U.
Of fir
V It)
ft»
lung
Ih OM of the
of that empl
meut In south !
i muliei m
r® taken
i iu enormous
oy
hoatj
1 w
Inch
go out with
-U at
the
Iko
'• fillcil with bla« j
the
tor.
PT
lug piit-ii (one For the purpose in view
th. craft t. mi Uw ted «, t , t, r ( UK lh , Klln
wal. ou one side dowu nearly to a level!
with the water, and the fl.ti, attra. ud by
the light. Jump aboard by hundred» !
Nmietime. a big dip net t. u »ed tosco .pl
In the Ka'.y creature, which crowd in tlie
water toward the lllumtnaitou. — Interview
In Washington Star.
Only Right.
"1 love her, hut I cannot marry her! Not
as
still
at
*»cau»e her fatufr w aa my father'«»toward
-1 h» v « no fats« pride- hut becau»e »he u
ealthy and I am not."
"But, my dear fellow, by marrying her
you ouly get hack what her father xude
from yours."
''That'» so. Guaa» I'll try it after alL"—
old
est
<mr
a
FUNERAL OF A DRUII)
STRANGE DEATH RITES ON ,
HILLTOP IN WALES.
j
!
Far away seem the times and the rites !
Impre»»lve Ccromnnle* A trending the Final
Déposition of the Roily of the Late
Leader of the Druiil« of Wales— Rather
Mixed Servie« 1 ».
of the Druids; even under the mistletoe
at ynletide—thj time of Yowling. Theirs !
was one of the most ancient and primi
live of religions, aud its cult is greatly
shrouded in mystery. Yet it is not alto- .
gather dead. Among tho hills of With s
many strange relics of the past remain. :
There may be no "fragments of forgot
ten peoples," but there are legends and
customs and songs and social and reli- :
gionsrites preserved unchanged from tho ;
days of Arthur and Merlin and Taliessin. |
There are probably not u few seers who.
hko G lend o wer, "can summon spirits j
from the vasty deep," though whether or j
not they will come is yet a mooted que»
tion. And as for the Druids, their line is
yet unbroken, and their weird rites are
still celebrated as of old.
Tho death occurred at Llantrissant of ,
Dr. William Price, who held thedistin
gniahed office of archdruid of Wales, to
Ho was something more than 93 years
old and might have passed for one of tho j
old time bards who perished in King Ed
ward's reign, so rugged and antique was j
his appearance. Six or seven years ago,
it may be remembered, an infant that
had been born to him in his old ago died, j
and its body was publicly cremated by
him with Druidical rites. For this he
was arrested and brought to trial. But
after a hot contest in court he was ac
quitted, and a decree was pronounced
from the bench establishing the entire as
legality of this form of funeral. Ac
cordingly when Dr. Price himself died
a similar ceremony was enacted without
thought of interference.
The ceremony took place on the sum
mit of a high hill at Caerlan, the very
spot where tho body of tho infant had
been burned. Several hundred tickets
re issued to the friends and former
to
her
patients of Dr. Price, entitling them to j
enter the inclosure and witness the burn
ing. The hour first set was noon. But
public curiosity rose to so high a pitch j or
that, to avoid t>eing overwhelmed by a
inob of sightseers, it was at the last mo- :
ment decided to change it to 7 o'clock in
So in the gray light of is
procession
the morning.
that early hour the stran
made its way to the hilltop
ing garb was to l>e seen. The closest
friends of the deceased Druid were nt
No mourn
tired in the ancient costumes of the
Welsh people.
j
Tho body of Dr. Price was clothed in
the Druidical rolics he had worn in life
and was then placed in a coffin of per
foruted sheet iron. On the hilltop two
stone walls had been built, four f
apart, each being about 10 feet long and
4 feet high. A number of iron bars ex
tending from one to the other formed a
rude grating between them, some dis
tance ulxivo the ground, and upon these
lairs tho coffin was placed, the head be
ing toward the cast and the feet toward
the west.
A clergyman of the Established church
was present and read the ordinary serv
ie® for tho dead in Welsh. The vest
ments of tho church contrasted us
strangely with tho Druidical garb worn
by some of tho attendants as did the
words of tlie prayer book with the
strange rites, boitte slight changes were
matte in the service, such us the body be
ing "consigned to the flames. 1 '
Then under and over and all around
the coffin was piled a great lot of wood, 1
perhaps a whole cord of it, and to this
were ad led several tons of coal. Mt
gallons of paraffin oil were thrown upon
it, thoroughly saturating tho entire pile.
Then, at about 8 o'clock, two of the
closest friends of tho bite Druid came
...........
forward from tho throng and applied
torches to tho wood, ono at each end of
tho mass. In a moment it was all a r,
......... 0
mg furnace, and tho hill literally flared
like a volcano.
A brisk breezo was blowing, which I
fiinmM l the fire mid carried the flame and
smoko far into tho heavens. For many
miles the strung!' spectacle was clearly
seen, and thousands of people came flock
ing thither from all parts of Glamor
garniture. Seven or eight thousand of
them gathered in a ring about tho pyre
as close to it us invisible, and watched it
with eager interest all day long.
Some hours after dark that evening
the flames had died down, and there was
■ 1 11 1 • ..............
only a dull glow from the coals. Then
with long hooks they dragged the coffin
from the furnace, when it was discov
ered that it had been literally burned
through in many places, and when the
lid waa uncovered tho receptacle was ab
solutely empty without the faintest trace
within of the remains. Thu coffin was
subsequently conveyed on a bier, fol
lowed by un immense crowd, and de
posited on the couch in the deceased's
residence, where a few days previously
ho had breathed his last.—New York
Tribune.
Two Wealthy Ulrto With No T»«te.
Two «iris sttt awhile a«o in opposite
stag!« boxes tit tho theater to whose
umteil wealth tint wor.) ittconceicable
Would almost literall vapply. Both were
faintly pretty, of the style that is abso
lutely null Without proper dre du«. One
the most decided type of blond, wire
l'ale blue. Tlie result was simply flat
The other girl is H brouette and was
dressed in a brown silk (which is the
ugliest and most characterless wear the
mind of man can devise, except in com
binatiouI, and had a wisp i f illusion tied
tightly around her neck.—New \ ork Let
tor.
A Stauch Fri »tut.
Old Gunt (proposing health of tho hap
PT pair at the wedding breakfastt-A-M
as for the bridegroom, I can spook with
still more confidence of him, for I was
present at his christening, i waa present
at the banquet given tn honor of his
coming of age. 1 am present Itéré todav
and. God willing. I'll be present at his
funeral. (Sensation. >-Pick Me Up
A First Thought In Chur»h.
A little western boy less than 3 w •
old was taken to church for the flrd
time. Lie gazed about with much inter
est and finally asked in a clear but awe
struck voice, "Mamma, where's God;"—
New York Tribune.
I.o\® For Trachers.
Do you love your teacher?"
"I suppose I have to."
'*\V hy so. Tommy?"
"Because the Bilde sar* -gr* nrest love
<mr enemies. 1 "-New York Tele^am.
a frontier farmers wife.
Her Runic
, and Uer Pleasures
The women who live in cities can form
no estimate of the work done day after
day by the farmer's wife on the frontier.
There are no convenient laundries, baker
ies or stores where she could buy the
ready made articles she is compelled to
j make for herself. It is uacearing work
! with her from early sunrise until long
! after the hours have grown small at
night. She lights the fires for breakfast,
! Nowhere is a man so completely lord
and master as on the farm. His mother
was a farmer's wife and lighted the fires;
. his wife shall do the same. While the
s kettle is boiling she does the milking,
: and cases are not rare where a farmer's
wife milks ns many ns 8 or 10 cows
twice a day. The milk is carried into
: the cellar in groat heavy pails that
; would try a man's strength, and she re
| turns to the work of getting breakfast.
During the progress of the meal she can
j not sit back and eat and rest, as many
j do, but is kept jumping up and down
waiting on the men folks and children,
It is often a question to strangers who
visit on tho frontier if she ever gets a
chance to eat at all. Then tho children
, are to l>e started off to school, and
though the credit of their education falls
to the father it is the mother who does
extra work that they may go, and who
j pulls them out of bed and starts them
off in time every morning,
j The milk is to be strained and put
away, crocks scalded, butter churned,
and the dishes and chamber work still
j wait. Dinner and supper and afternoon
work take tip lier day. Then in their
turns throughout the week there are
washing, ironing, baking every other
day, scrubbing, sweeping, sewing and
« - 0 . _ „ __
mending. In harvest time she will have
as many as 14 to cook for and does it all
alone. It is seldom that a farmer feels
that he can afford to hire help in the
kitchen. She has the vegetable garden
to Ri*o to. To brighten the dreariness of
her life she has close to the seldom opened
front door a bed of half starved looking
flowers—old fashioned coxcomb, four
o'clooks, grass pinks anil a few other
cheerful looking plants that will thrive
j under neglect. .She makes everything
that her family wears except hats and
shoes. She has no time to think of rest
j or self.
It is in most cases her lot to welcome a
: new baby every other ( ear, and the only
time when help is employed to assist her
is for
period of two or three weeks
when the little stranger arrives. The
births of the babies are about all that
vary the monotony of her life. Occa
sionally death calls and takes from her
tired arms a little life and leaves in its
place an added pain in her heart. Sheis
old and tired out at DO
is
by
of
ly
ing
the
of
sion
j place an added pain in her heart. Sheis
; old and tired out at DO
I When her daughters reach the age at
which they could assist Iter, the dreary
j prospect of a frontier life appalls them
and they seek employment in town,
Nothing in her house is of late improve
ment Her washboard is of tho kind her
mother used, and Iter churn in its heavy,
clumsy build shows that it belongs to the
same date. Improvement stalks ail over
the farm and leaves no trace in the kitch
en Her pleasures are few. The satis
faction that she is tioing her liest seems
to beali that rewards iter. She is a hero
ine in a calico dress, wrinkled and stoop
shouldered -a woman with a burden
who never complains. Late at night,
when all the mein hers of the family are
in bed, a light will slime out across the
prairie from the family living room. It
is by this light the farmer's wife is doing
her mending and sewing, and it will
shine out long after tiie occasional travel
that way has Rtopped, and no one but
1 tho one who blows it out knows at what
hour the patient burden hearer's labors
cease.—Baltimore Herald.
Drying Hrem-r»' Grains.
A special machine has been devised for
effecting the drying of brewers* grains in
vacuum at a low temperature. "Brew
gruiiis" nro now largely employed
for feeding cows and horses, but the high
nutritive value of the spent grains known
by that name is not generally known.
I The dessicated product of the new proc
'ess has proved to be of a highly satis
factory character, being free from the
peculiar hitter taste so often possessed
by brewers' grains and showing on anal
ysis a very high percentage of proteids
(lucintr material.
and fat producing material.
The advantages claimed for the vac
uum drying process are: The lowest
working expenses with greatest capac
ity, rapid drying at lowest tempera
ture and consequent excellent quality
or nutritive properties, as the grains ar-» |
not pressed before drying; a clean and ! .
8imi.il. process, and Ute avoidance of
vapor in the drying rooms or vicinity.—
New York Telegram.
J. --- ----- - . «S vjuuutt
the dried grains; no loss of material |
Deceptlom
Falcons, hawks
Of wild Birds.
-the largest species—
can compress Uudr feathers and look very
slim, if they think it necessary to do so.
As to the owls, they can hump up into
any position they think most suitable. It O
is useless to look for these self preservimr T
1 t>
l. .
list unit'd to su* large numbers of peo
pie passing and tvpassing, or standing in
front of them, that they (reut the whole
matter with perfect indifference. They
know that at a certain time their food
will bo brought them, und that they are "
traits in any of tho family kept in zoo
logical collections, for the birds are so
of grape
in captivity
......... V*»C»V l 11x7 y «II» r .
Otherwise perfectly safe. Then the"rap
terra in a wild state have a Sloont on
theirlumage like the bloom on a bunch
— i^ofton seen When
-t'ornhill Siaga.
Looking For Bear.
A party of farmers iu Wales once set
out m search of a bear which had es
caped front a traveling menagerie and
roaHe'd their lands with considerable
irk t„ ? t
detriment to
course of their qn^t^ olThe farm^
observing a brown animal
... f conside.
alde size lying apparently asleep under a
tree, discharged his gun at it with fatal
effect. The victim of his zeal, however,
turned out to be a common donkey. Tlie
hor ".is ultimately tracked.—Louden »
Tit-Bits
Protty PussenKer—Captii
teally make tweuty kuote
night?
1 he Captain—Yea, uns.%.
H P ~ Aud what do you
knots!»
The Captain (gruffly)—Tons
board.
ou
did tile »hip
ery hour last J
fui
ful
do with so many
y
em over
raUorTb°| h 't b °' V q,,ePr ' ' thou S bt tte
sailors had to untie them during the day *
—Pittsburg Bulletin.
no
- --- I
Winter forcing of tomatoes Is very profit- i
ïïÂ":«,ïïr.iÂ
iÄr 1 "'«
HOW DISEASE SPREADS.
DIPHTHERIA COMMUNICATED IN MANY
UNSUSPECTED WAYS.
'he Fhsv Pr«*|
Malady by Me
[.«atliin «>r tli« Terrible
nentury Contact with In
furled I'lTson* or Surroundings—Expo
sure from Pet Animals.
The extreme contagiousness of diphtheria
is well known A moment's exposure to a
child suffering from it, even in the mildest
form, or iu a room infected by a patient
weeks or months previously, or to objecta
infected by being in the room occupied by
the patient, or to garments or objects in
fected by being worn or handled by him
while siek, has in numberless instances
communicated the disease The diphtheria
rims adheres so tenaciously to infected
persons or objects that they often commu
nicate diphtheria at a distance from the
source of the infection, and when there is
no suspicion of danger. Thus a child with
fatal diphtheria, seen by me in consulta
tion, apparently contracted the disease by
embracing a playmate, who was in the
street for the first time after au attack of
the malady
A French medical journal has called at
tention to the fact that resident physicians
and nurses in diphtheria wards, whose
persons and clothing become fully infected
by the diphtheritic germs, are very liable to
communicate the disease, unless they con
stantiy employ precautionary measures.
Thus the shawl of a nurse sent to the house
of a friend introduced diphtheria into the
family.
Many children have diphtheria so mild
ly that they do not qp in plain of being sick,
have some appetite and are not confined to
their homes. Hence, diphtheria is often
contracted from these mild cases iu public
conveyances and iu places of public resort.
DANGER IN SCHOOLS.
In the outdoor department at Bellevue I
have often seen children with diphtheria
sitting among other children waiting their
turn for treatment. These children with
mild diphtheria, taking their meals regu
larly, though with poor appetite, and hav
ing so little fever that it is not noticed, are
often sent by their unsuspecting parents to
the public and private schools, and there
communicate diphtheria, frequently of a
malignant and fatal form, to their class
mates, i have been able to trace attacks
of diphtheria not only to the public and
private week day schools, hut also to the
Sunday schools, and especially to the mis
sion schools designed for tenement house
children.
It is now known that several animals,
a
only
her
The
that
her
its
at
her
the
are
It
in
* e '' ms to have been communicated by
.A* 18 *l rst case i that of a little girl, a
It is now known that several animals,
even those that are pets in the nursery, are
liable to be attacked by diphtheria. In
deed, this has been proved, as we have
seen, in the laboratories, for bacteriolo
gists investigating the nature of diphtheria
have in numberless instances commun!
cated the genuine disease to animals by in
oculating them with cultures of the Klebs
Loeffler bacillus.
If is very important that parents should
know that milk, the common food of the
nursery, is u culture medium of the drph
theritic germ. The specific bacillus fall
ing into the milk in handling at the farm
house or elsewhere grows and multiplies
in it. Mr. Cole, a veterinary surgeon of
Australia, published iu the Australian
Veterinary Journal, February, 1882. the
history of an epidemic of diphtheria that
was traced to the use of milk from a dis
eased cow
DANGER IN MILK AND CATS.
The London Medical Times and Gazette
for January, 1879, states that Mr. YV. H.
Power, a health inspector, investigated an
outbreak of diphtheria anil obtained suffi
cient evidence, in his opinion, that it was
caused by the use of milk that contained
the diphtheritic germs. The cows that
furnished the milk had what the veteriua
ry surgeons designate garget or infectious
tuummitis.
It is evident from the above observations
and facts that the utmost pains should be
taken to obtain milk designed for the
nursery from a healthy source, and to pre
vent its subsequent infection. YVe may
also anticipate our remarks on the preven
tion of diphtheria by stating that milk de
signed for the nursery should always be
subjected to the prolonged action of heat
near the boiling point, which destroys all
pathogenic germs. 1 invariably direct
that it be steamed in or over boiling water
two hours as soon as possible after its re
ception.
Klein has made experiments showing the
identity of feline and human diphtheri.
though diphtheria in the cat presents some
anatomical characters different from tho^i
iu man, and the following observations ap
pear to show that, it is sometimes com mu
nicated by this pet of the nursery to tht
children that fondle it:
The Medical Press and Circular, June 4.
1890, states that Dr. Lawrence reports twe
in which diphtheria
|
! . . ,. . ; - --------
antf annu'^ / ha i Io8t
ana another farmer fifteen
cats
fill inquiry showed that she had not been
exposed to any patient with diphtheria
although this disease was prevailing with
in a mile of the patient's resilience, but
that she had nursed a sick cat some davs
previously. The cat died soon after, and'a
as killed.
DANGER IN FARM ANIMALS.
Further inquiry disclosed the fact that a
•.........• »I« val U1CU
| second cat became sick a
en teen cats
cats fro
throat distemper. One of the farmers
stated that he had examined the throats of
some of the cats and found them covered
with a white membrane.
Observations show that the feathered
tribe are especially liable to diphtheria
0,1 the island of Skiathos, off the north
easterl1 coast of Greece, no diphtheria had
O ? ourml during at least thirty years pre
T , Hly , t0 lss ' < ' according to Dr. Bild, the
medical practitioner of the island
In 1884 a dozen turkeys were introduced
from fealooica. Two of them «•»•„ t i„h *
the time aud died soon afterward The
others became affected soon afterward and
d 11 ' whole number seven died three re
covered and two were sick at the time of
, ". quir *- T1 'e»e two had difficult
" re, ,' t ",«■ »«ellittg of the glands of the
f.
or
r . u , FfWH'to V) 1 kill*
th! i-ö- " P T"J° "'-'•"braue extending to
disease wk , , ,, ber evidence that the
that survived fttjj o^th^f T
The turkey,
north sale of the town, and the prevailing
s s upon t j« island are from the north i
•).« ,ul U "* slek "f' «•«» occurring among
Lan in h 85 !" U 8|M ' k "" lc of diphtheria be I f,
K.m m the houses tn nroximitv ,i.„ ..... i
den and
Rutted tiv
ät^LÄ hoTl"''.' ' ,nH
? t .^ ck . ed by diphtheria in a population of
m proximity to the «ar
id through the town It
hs, and of lii individuals
From this t'me diph
been established on the island
and frequent epidemics of it have occurred.
' Lewis Small in Babyhood.
If an electric current henas.« 1 u,. s'
» solution of metallic salt, S fait U di
('mill)IICiiil 1.1,. I .1 ' ■ > b IS ae- m
jo
anti
of
of
hare
In Gold.
composed
ou u plate
lutt
, l r°*ttng a solution of a gold salt
J 1 ° nJ * " f Fold for example, the first de
fui an°| f tb " '"T! " ' 11 a l'I >ear «f a beauti
ful and most delicate pink color. As the
thickens it changes to a deep rich
purple The purple then tuen. ,„ P : r,LÜ
* ew ^ urk Recorder
the metal , „ay be deposited
tahly arranged for the pur I Hër
some
Ï,
him.
b i Q
no re! 1 ,U' P I al, " s *. * tret ching
The
I . , 7 —.--*' .......- " «Lieicuin« or tear "my
i imri .* IfJ!". 16 ".'," ° f the Joint, caused hy
sSSsSf ■as : ä
SÄirst
«xternal ligament» that iuffajf.
copper
moQ
a
A CLEVER TRICK.
Trying to Sur« » n»nk Clerk and !■
Reality Helping » Swindler.
A queer story is told of a Liverpool bank
officer who recel veil a private letter from
his friend, a member of a London hanking
firm It is said that one of their employees,
the son of their highly esteemed cashier
a man who was probity itself—-had gone
away with several thousand pounds of se
curities. If the son should be arrested and
placed in the prison's dock the old man
would never lift his head again. 1 be firm
was, therefore, resolved to do all that lay
In its power to save its aged and valued
Servant from the misery and shame which
would certainly overtake him if his son's
sin became known
The writer thought that in all probabil
ity the young man would call with his se
ent ities at the Liverpool bank, and on the
strength of his connection with the Lon
don bank try to negotiate them. If so.
the ijoudon banker wanted the Liverpool
banker to seize the property and keep it
until he heard from the Loudon banker
again, r-o lecture the young man soundly,
buy him a ticket to New York and give
him $1.000 with which to begin the world
again. The London banker was going to
Paris for a fortnight, so that the Liverpool
banker didn't need to write to him about
the affair until that time. He also wanted
the secret kept from everybody, as far as
possible, both for the sake of the London
bank, the young man's father and the
young man himself.
The Liverpool banker, knowing that
many a young man had gone wrong who
might have been saved at the proper mo
ment, decided to comply with his friend's
request.
Soon after a nice, frank looking young
man of the name referred to was ushered
In to him, aud, saving that he desired to
travel, explained in a constrained and tier
vous manner that he had some securities
on which he would like to realize. lit
said he didn't understand business, and
perhaps was going awkwardly to work,
hut the ship for New York was to sail that
day and lie was in a hurry.
In reply the Liverpool banker ban.led
him the letter he had just received; As lie
read it his breast heaved with emotion,
tears came into his eyes und he finally
burst into a fit of weeping. He made a
full confession, and the hanker, after point
iug out the heinousness of his crime, of
fered to do what the letter requested. The
young man kissed the banker's hand in
token of his gratitude, said that he had
been foolish and wicked, aud would gladly
go to anot lier country and redeem himself.
The banker then gave him the $1,000,
bought him a first class steamer ticket and
gave him a dinner at the restaurant. But
nothing he could do or say seemed to raise
the young man's spirits. lie was so sad
aud broken down that the banker really
pitied him. As he bade him good by from
the ship's side, the hard old man could not
restrain his tears as he thought of the
young and repentant sinner he had saved
from a life of crime.
At the end of the fortnight, when he sup
posed the London banker would have got
back from Paris, the Liverpool banker
wrote to him in great glee of his success in
carrying out his wishes, and of the contrite
youth who had set sail for new scenes with
the banker's blessing
He got the following reply from London
"\ou must be mad. Our cashier never
had a son. No securities are missing. Per
haps you have been sold."
It was true. He had. The letter was
forged. The securities were worthless. He
had thrown away $1,000, a passage to New
York, a good dinner and a good deal of ail
vice upon an ingenious swindler.—Boston
Every Other Saturday.
Clean linens in .Shavint;.
Notwithstanding that the
be
Clean linens in .Shavint;.
Notwithstanding that the subject has re
cently given rise to some discussion in the
daily press, there can he no reasonable
doubt as to t lie causation of parasitic syco
sis, and the frequent responsibility of bar
tiers for its propagation We will not
deny that the disease may occasionally
arise from accidental contact other than
that of infected soap anil brush, its close
connection with these, however, is affirmed
by the evidence of u common and persistent
sequence of events
We need not dwell upon the tenacity
witli which it clings to the hair of the face,
nor will we examine the methods used by
tlie dermatologist fur its destruction. Sani
tary cleanliness is here better than any
remedy. We are advised to shave onr
selves, to avoid the cheap barber, to use
precautions with brushes and the likt
Perhaps the advice first given would prov.
tiie best, but the professional operator is to
many- persons indispensable.
'1 lie truest wisdom for one's self in s
a case is clearly to use due care in selecting
a barber. Whatever he is not, he must be
clean and careful. It should not he for
gotten that there ate possible safeguards
well within the reach of this class of
tradesmen which a customer may fairly
-vn security as part" of tlie
exact for hii
common law of shaving These include
the use of perfectly fresli water and soap
or preferably shaving cream, as admitting
of exclusive use, a clean brush and a clean
razor for each person shaved.
\Ve should also advise, as a further hut
not superfluous precaution, that instrit
ments after washing he dipped in some
convenient antiseptic solution. Such meus
tires as tlieso require hut little time to
curry them out. They are needful iuordei
to insure immunity from contagion, and
the poorest will find them worth a sinal'
additiou to the barber's fee. -lamdon Lan
Sw*
nU Sour Apples.
Just why some should lie sweet and some
sour is a puzzle. The malic acid which
f. ues 11 the sou c taste seems to be in about
the same proportion in the unripe as in the
ripe apples, the difference iu sweetness
seems to arise from the change of feculent
or starchy matter into sugar as the ripen
ing process proceeds. But, though tiie
chemist can tell us the
that go to mal
dements
, —. he cannot make
tar for us No power hut tout of the
----- -uuar. i nese cases
generally attributed to some one in
f, ast bavtng split a branch through a
then htttn« tlie ................ ■...„ . .,
Renerally
family as
m itrlif tnl
living phtut can do it, and we are absolute
done. aS tQ how the P'ant gets it
oÆambm CUT' 8 bi * S S ° me infl,,t ' nee
jo acting \ ttal power, for the Hhod»
anti sour on the other. These cases are
the
fteti,,.. Fi* V,,,U "«U a bud,
of thu k th Mv eut apple half to the half
of the sour apple hud. and graftin'- the
spliced graft. This is regarded ,s ,u in
gemotts afterthought. Those wi,o have
hare hutf noVu'T "'"'i 11 " 1 the experiment
uÄ;ph!aÄ- Tl,o,i '' i8 ^ t '
Sorry lit* Spuke.
A parrot belonging to a clergyman was
assmnlL°i f thö « hen the
assembled for prayers, for fear he
Ilis to irrere
Hër l 10 ""*- °"e evening, how
notimfantfbe tvas enUreuffor "
some time he maimained a decoraus sT
fence, hut at length, ,„Stead of 'Tmenfl'
boys, clteeri"
Ï, 1 J? eame with "Cheer,
him. and 'haifgo't farth 'd remoVL
b i Q \." i leu th® bird, perhaps*tffiuking that
«pologlze^adlef 1 himSelfail<1 had better
The overpower?, 1 8 P ok c-"
"my be more et.ilv ? ° P fhe company
•crihed.-New Ynt^kA. K"" 1 tban de

iîSSïï.-
of
at
as
to
as
iug
est
tlier
ter
no
of
iated
it
at
it
to
York
held
court
1 he
about
like
evil.
are
the
copper wire, and bead» are also^te!
moQ ey. re al8 ° Afric& n of
TROTTER BEATS PA(
FAMOUS MATCH FOR t10o% j
A DISTANCE OF TEN MILE*
six Mil«» Wore Covered l„ ri rie(a _
ule« Fllir-flv« and Ona-half I
When tll» Ruunln« Hor««
Victor Made the Tenth Mtl« t n ,
• :3|
My minil wanders hack through,
terra! of years to a day In the lon„" i, l
before tlie majority of Ute present
lion of racegoers were born, and
that was at that day aeiiMatiouai. ajl'!
that would tomorrow draw such« *
as would till the coffers of the assoj 1 *
giving it ns they were never before
The race was at ten miles (not ten h!
remember) for a purse of *10,000, ^
horses that measured stride« were than
1er Prince, driven by the late Hiram VV
ruff, and tiie pacer Hero, handled bt*
renowned George Spicer Tiie
look place on the old Ceutreville conri* 1 ]
the fall of 1853 lean reinem lier tu!"
quite distinctly ■ The weather wtu «*
the atmosphere clear, cool and
Within tlie .......ids and in the tret*"
on knolls surrounding were nssemu
fully 10,000 persons, who came from"!
aud near to see the event that had b
held in lively anticipation for month"
Among the throug that packed the«
and overflowed tlie lawn were politic
of national prominence, lawyers 0 f »
repute, solid men of business, «IMirtitJ*
pure anti simple, and even clergym»tt
tallies (God bless 'em) And what wot
you say today to see men at the tn
dressed iu swallow tail coats, with i
expanse of shirt bosom, and cravat, c
could In an emergency he used ax tab!
covers. That was Ute way we drnwnl '
1853, and tlie wide brimmed tiles woriuJl
would appear ludicrous now
TIIK FIRST TWO MILKS.
Tlie race was called about 3 o'clock. Th
track was in excellent order, and the hors»
appeared in superb condition, train«)»
we say now, to the minute. Hero w u Ik
favorite, and *11«) to *75 was staked on ht
probably to the amount of *40,(XX) o r yj
(XX), in those days considerable money
The judges called the drivers up to tia
stand and stated the conditions of the p "
ami cautioned them In much the i
manner someth!
practiced nowadays ttl
gardinjt »ny violation of rules, and tb«|
they were given the start, the pacer liarioj
tlie pole and leading round the first turn I
In my mind's eye I can aee the race as plain-1
ly as though it were but yesterday instead^
of nearly forty years ago.
On (he backst retch the pacer waited fori
the trotter and let him come alougHidakl
being apparent at this early stage tbiil
Spicer did not intend to go any fasterib&jI
Hiram would make him, at the same tint]
keeping the latter on the outside all th,|
way round, thereby making hin
greater distance in the race They kept!
side by side until they reached the kme|
turn, when Hiram pulled in behind Hero]
and waited until he reached straight work]
on the homes! retch, while he came out,xndl
the two came to the stand with the wbeeli]
of their sulkies as close together as it
possible to get them without touching!
The first mile was done in
On the second mile Hiram, seeing!
through Spicer's tactics, began to crowd!
him. The pace of both horses now became]
accelerated, and it was evident that Hiram]
intended to force his adversary to a break F
down, believing presumably that his horse!
would prove tiie better stayer Spicer]
kept the pacer well in hand, and would s
go any faster than he was absolutely com-I
pel led to The trotter again fell in behind]
on the lower turn, and again made a brusli]
up tlie homestretch, the pair coining to tin]
stand head and head. The time for tbiil
mile was 2:36
HOW TIIE RACE WAS WON.
On t he third mile YY'oodruff pursued thi]
bar
not
by
any
use
to
be
of
HOW TIIE RACE WAS WON.
On t he third mile YY'oodruff pursued thi]
same tactics as in tlie two preceding miles,|
only putting on a little more steam, whicil
compelled the pacer to add a little moreM
pressure, and away they dashed a round M
the upper turn and down the hackstreuiii
at a killing pace. They came to the stand
on even terms in the third mile, Hiram ''M
exclaiming to a friend as they passed.
got him, sure." Time, 2:33 15.
I he fourth and fifth miles were runiol
precisely the same manner, both horsesl
coming to the wire like a team. The time j
for the fourth mile was 2:39 and the fiftiJ
2:37 On the sixth mile the trotter became!
the favorite, any amount of money being j
offered on him, without takers. He took •
the pole on the first turn, in spite oil
Spicer s efforts to force the pacer to extend a
himself, and the latter began to show]
symptoms of distress. He struggled brave* |
ly, however, but the trotter opened tlie]
gap at every stride. At the half mile pole |
he was fifty yards iu front, without the 1
slightest abatement of his speed; but od ^
the lower turn Hiram let him up, and took |
moderately up the homestretch, ^
coming to tlie line in 2:46, having per
formed the six miles in 15:55^, an average
of less than 2:40 for the six miles.
When the pacer reached the stand it was
evident he had enough, and he was stopped
at the wire. A more exciting race, as loin:
as it lasted, I have never seen.
1 he trotter was then slowed to aneasj
gait, as it was unnecessary to drive him up y
to his speed any longer, aud he was walked gl
and jogged the next three miles, keeping yjj
as fresh as possible for the last nu le, bill
owner having a wager of $500 that he §
would make the tenth mile in less than ffl
three minutes. The time of the seventh §
mile was 5:08, the eighth 6:18 and the ninth ji
6:19, but he was let out on coming to the
wire and started to decide the wager, dash- %
iug off at an astonishing rate of speed,
which he kept up throughout tlie mile,
performing the distance in 2:39—the grea^ V
est feat ever known.
How many horses are there in training
today that can trot six miles in less tban
sixteen minutes, jog along t hree miles fur- -,
tlier and then wind up by doing a mile in |
2:39? YVho are they?—Judsou .Jay iu New
York Sun.
Reading Character by the Nose.
"You can almost tell a person's charac- ?
ter from tiie nose alone," remarked Hro ;|j
fessor Oppenheim. "All great men have |
gieat noses. The Greek uo.se, which has
no protuberance, but is straight, argues |
great sense of aesthetics, of beauty, but uo |
character and no power of contention.
"Large nostrils show' courage People |j
of fearless disposition breathe fully
freely Ail the fiercer animals have di
iated nostrils The drooping nostrilslioffi
histrionic talent. If the nose also droops
it denotes a tragic ppwer, and if only the
nostril the capacity is marked for them
terpretation of comedy
here the nose is thin at the bridge it
shows generosity, while a nose that is thick
at the bridge argues acquisitiveness YY'heO
it is tiptilted like the petal of a flower the
person is inquisitive. A projecting nose
argues a disposition to investigate If
ahead of the person, as it were, and wants
to scent out things."-Loudon Cor N®w
York World
Natural Ornaments.
Necklaces and bracelets are made of
Mimosa seeds. At the Colonial exhibition
held in London in 1886, in the West Indian
court there was a very large display of or
namental articles made of nuts and seeds*
1 he very hard seeds of Symplocos spicaWi
about the size of a pea, aud resembling
minute pitchers when peforated, are strung
like beads by tlie natives of India aud P ut
around the necks of children to prevent
evil. The green seeds of Dalbergia sis* 0 ®
are worn by Santal gins as pendants fi* 010
the ear. In Tahiti the uatives malt«
crowns and necklaces with the red seeds
of Pandanus odoratissimus.-Chamber»'
Journal

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