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Idaho semi-weekly world. [volume] (Idaho City, Idaho Territory) 1875-1908, November 14, 1893, Image 3

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If tuer» was not'er any enorm or rain,
fair iUy* Would cea»e tu twao rar* anil .wart«
U u whim tu In tlnt< on ih* dusty str**t
\Vu mind ui of the wissUt nhl than w* fain
Would rust oinoiiK the shallows once acaln.
We long'for Winter: when Ih* wild storm*
Upon our heads we pin* for Summer'* beati
There Is no Joy without some loss or pain.
To take life as we find It Is the art
Of Heilig well. Ah. let as not forget,
Though life Ins dark today Ihtr* may b* y*t.
When Hummer rouies, inueh Joy for each sad
Perhaps God sends us trouble m » test.
Tost:« If It will prove as at our beat.
-Henry Coyle in Boston Transcript.
Jem Blake was shot dead In hU own
doorway by Antonio Gneldo and the
trial was to come off directly.
The extraordinary interest In the af
fair was loss due to the murder and its
peculiar circumstances than to the fact
that this was the first case tried at San
Suba in any more formal court than the
time honuroil institution of Judge Lynch.
As there was no place specially ar
ranged for the trial, Judge Pitblado hos
pitably offered the use of his shed. Here
a rough table and chair were placed for
the judge, the other necessary furniture,
intended to represent the dock, the
stand, etc., being eked out with boxes
from Silas Bagget's grocery store.
Jake Smith looked at these prepara
tions for a timo willi frowning discon
tent and then strolled down the road,
turning into the lane that led to Blake's.
When ho reached the door of the shanty
he leaned against the jainb and poked
his naked head inside, fanning himself
in an embarrassed way with his greasy
fragment of a hat. He had come there
with the intention of saying something,
bnt the sight within made him forget it.
Blake's widow sat there, as she had
pretty much all the time since the mur
der, staring straight before her, with
her chin in her palm. The sunlight
struck through the foliage of the red
oak trees that grew before the door, and
checkered with the Bickering brightness
the floor and cradle in which Jem's baby
was sleeping.
There it was, just as it had been three
days ago (could it be only three days?)—
just as it had been when site went out
that morning to look after the drying
clothes and left him standing in the door
by the crail! • ilio v fond he was of the
baby!)—just as it was when she heard
the crack of the pistol and ran in with
an awful sense of suffocating fright
just tlie same as when she had found
him lying njion the cradle, dabbling its
whito linen with his blood and the baby
playing with his hair. She screamed
once, tlie first and last complaint any
one had hsard her make: then she was
quiet and helpful through it all—when
men came and lifted him up; when they
had laid him on the rough bed in the
other room; when they carried him to
the grave, she following with the baby
In her anus.
Jake Smith was trying to find the link
missing in his thoughts; he sniffed with
perplexity—or something—and Blake's
widow looked np without speaking.
Jake nodded pleasantly four or five
"Pooty chipper?" asked he.
Blake's widow smiled sadly, bent over
the slooping child and smoothed the
clothes with a tender touch.
"They're agoin ter try him in a court,''
Jake went on, "an I don't believe"
"Try who—Antonio?" Sho turned to
ward the burly figure in the door with a
flash of interest in her black eyes.
"Yes. The jedge is making a court
out of his shed. 1 hope it'll turn out all
right, bnt it seems like givin that Mexi
can devil a chance he oughtn't ter have."
"He can't get clear, can he?" she asked,
rocking the cradle gently and patting
the coverlet.
"1 don't see how, bnt he's got some
kind of a law cuss to speak for him—a
feller that stopped here a day or two ago
on his way to Galveston—and it makes
me kind o' nervous."
Blake's widow did not appear to no
tice the last remark, for the child, dis
turbed by the talking, had awakened
and sat up in his cradle with a wonder
ing look.
"Pooty. ain't he?" said Jake, regarding
the small figure with interest. "Looks
just like—ahem—you. Poor little—1—
a"—he stammered, and treated his hat
like a mortal enemy. "Of course he'd
had—you've got—there's nothin I could
do fur yer, maybe?"
Sho answered with a grateful look, but
it was accompanied by a shake of the
Jake bent down and with his big fore
flnger softly rumpled the hair of the ba
by'B head; then he went out and left
them, Blake's widow Bitting as he found
her and tlie baby staring down the path
after him.
Ho walked on until he reached the top
of the little hill, where ho could look
down upon the roof which covered the
piteous scene he had just left. Here he
seemed to have half a mind to turnback,
for he hesitated and stopped; but he
changed his partial intention after lin
gering a moment and walked medita
tively onward, with the exclamation,
"Wal, some women do beat the d—1
Of course everybody came to the trial.
The arrangements were soon found to
be altogether too meager. Pitblado's
shed was filled to overflowing and Bag
get made a clean sweep of every empty
box in his store.
Antonio's lawyer, a sharp eyed, sharp
featured fellow from Galveston, had
bustled about with surprising agility on
the duy previous, holding mysterious
conferences with ill conditioned fellows
of Gueldo's kidney.
The court was assembled, the jury had
been chosen, and the witnesses wore all
present cave one—Blake's widow.
Pretty soon there was a stir at the
door, then a murmur of surprise ran
through the crowded room.
"May 1 be d—d," said Jake Smith, au
dibly, "if 8 he hasn't brought her bob!"
What reason she may have had for
not leaving tho little thing iu charge of
•orue sympathizing woman—and there
were plenty who would have been glad
of the trust—was not apparent; how
ever that might lie, there it was, clasped
firmly in her arms, its bright red cheeks
contrasting with her whiteness, and its
father's sunny hair mingling with her
dark locks.
With some difficulty way was made
through tho throng to her seat, which
had been placed on one side of the
judge, directly opposite the candle box,
on l * le other, where Antonio sat. She
took her place and never moved during
the whole of the trial, excepting aa she
was required to testify, and once when
the baby tugged at some glistening thing
that lay hidden in the folds of her dreea.
** * he t,)ok Pains to distract its
attention with a chip from the floor. Aa
for the baby, it oat there with its big
blue eyes open to their fullest extent,
entirely absorbed in the novel scene,
•ave at the moment when that irresistl
ble glitter caught It« eye.
Every one being now present, the trial
went on In good earnest. A number of
witnesses were examined, whose testi
mony showed that Gneldo had had trou
ble with Blake, and more than once
threatened his life; that Gueldo's pistol
was one charge empty on the evening of
the day of the murder, whereas in the
morning It had been full; that he was
seen that morning around Blake's house
and more than that. Blake's widow had
heard Gueldo's voice Just before the
fatal shot, and had seen him retreating
as she ran ont.
At this last |>oint the Galveston law
yer asked the witness a few questions re
garding how she knew it woe Gueldo's,
and how she had recognized the voice
for his. She didn't know how exactly,
but was none the less sure for that.
There had been a rumor about that
some one had heard Antonio make a
boast of "having done for Blake this
time," but if there were a witness for
this he could not be found now.
And so the prosecution closed.
The Galveston lawyer began by in
volving in a whirlpool of helpless con
tradiction the witness whe had sworn to
having seen Gueldo near Blake's bonse.
Then he expatiated on the ease with
which one person may be mistaken for
another, and brought a witness to show
how Gueldo had already been said to re
semble some one in the village. Finally
he produced three of the 111 conditioned
fellows before referred to, who swore
that Antonio was with them on a hunt
ing expedition during the whole of the
day on which the murder was com
It was a clear case of alibi. Jack
Smith's astonishment at the ease with
which the thing had been accomplished
was unbounded. He threw a disgusted
look toward Pitblado, but the judge wae
nonplussed and didn't seem to be inter
ested with things in Jake's vicinity.
"Gentlemen of the jury," said he,
"the verdict took a turn I didn't alto
gether expec'. I don't know as there's
much to be said. 1 s'pose you've got to
go by the evidence, an that don't need
any explainin. Ef you kin make out,
accordin ter that, that Antonio Gueldo
killed Jem Blake, why, jest recollect
that's what yer here fur."
Jake Smith figdeted about on his box
and cast anxious glances through the
open door toward the clump of nopals
where the jury was deliberating.
Antonio talked and laughed in an un
dertone with his counsel, and Blake's
widow sat staring at them with com- [
pressed lips and a strong expression of
determination coming into her face. |
It wasn't long before the jury filed in
again, all seating themselves but the
spokesman, and Judge Pitblado rose,
wiping his forehead with his shirt .
sleeves. j
"Straightened it out, have ye?" asked
he, nodding to the spokesman. |
The man nodded in return. i
"Yer see," said the spokesman, with
a hesitating and disappointed air, "ef
yer hadn't a-corralled us with sticking
ter the evidence we might 'a' done bet
ter. but accordin'to that Antonio wasn't
tliar when the murder was done, an ef
he weren't thar he couldn't 'a' done it,
an ef he didn't do it, why—then—of
course he's—not guilty."
Pitblado didn't dare to look at any
body: he stared up at the rafters, down
at the table, nowhere in particular, and
then turned half way toward the pris
"You kin go." said he at last, and
with great deliberation, "but don't stay
around here too long."
There was a dead pause, during which
nobody moved. j
Jake Smith exploded a single cuss
word whicli he had held in for some
time past, and Blake's widow stood up.
"Have you got through, judge," she
"Waal—1—s'pose so."
"And there is nothing else to bo done?"
"1 am afraid there ain't."
"And he's free to go?"
Antonio Gueldo arose with an insolent
grin and picked up his hat. ,
The baby crowed, for it saw the glit
tering thing again. |
There was a sharp report—Antonio.
pitched forward in a heap upon the floor
and Blake's widow stood with the pistol
pressed to her breast.
A line of thin blue smoke curled from
the muzzle of the weapon and formed a
halo around the child's flaxen head. The
f littering thing was quite near the little
ands now. and they took it from the
yielding grasp of the mother.
Blake's widow looked steadily at the
figure on the floor—it was quite motion
less; then she turned and went through
the wide passage opened for her by the
silent crowd, holding the baby very ten
derly, and the baby carrying the pistol.
The child laughed with delight; it had
got its shining plaything again.—Detroit
News. ____
The Medical Profeealon.
Every new treatment, every fresh
drug, every medicine that is discovered
is one more drop from tlie great ocean
of knowledge segregated that we may
study it for the benefit of mankind. In
it there are good and evil, but if we ap
proach it with reverent earnestness and
study that we may know we can assure
ourselves that we are helping ou the
great science to whicli we have devoted
our lives. This is reward enough, and
this reward shall surely come to the
physician who will work. The amelio
ration of tl* physical ills of man is tlie
end and aim of our most noble profes
sion, and it is pleasant to remember that
even the enthusiasts aid in the great
work by their devotion to their fads.—
Cyrus Edson, M. D„ in North American
Review. __
Mr». Kendal'» View».
In a recent interview Mrs. Kemlal, the
English actress, was asked, "Have you
any special views on the subject of the
education of children?" "Of course 1
have," came the reply. "Could a moth
er help thinking very, very seriously
upon a subject of such vital importance
to the future of her children?" When
the reader gets thus far, he feels that the
mountain is trembling—and this is the
small mouse that creeps forth. "I have
always felt that a great mistake is made
in consigning children to the care of a
resident governess." With which trite
commonplace Mrs. Kendal s "views be
i gin and end.—New York limes.
The first vessel launched by the early
American colonists was the Blessing of the
Bay, launched In Massachusetts bay July
4, 1681.
•lory to h»r for«v«ri—
Glory and loveliness!
TUI wti from earth d insérer,
A nia* I »he U to blew»!
The la»t ere death defeat» ua»
To yield a helping hand;
Thè flrut that clanp» and graata ua
In yonder morning land!
Tlie Joy» and hope» of beavan
Her »mile» and bleMinga glee*
Full of the loree that learen
The Uvea of pain wa Uve{
She shine« In song and story.
And »till fair aa of old.
She elands enrobed in glory.
Turning the cloud» to gold!
Mother! What name is dearer?
Woman, thou art divine!
All heaven thou bringest nearer!
My soul It ever thine!
— Rufus J. Childress.
A Word About Carpets.
Five hundred dollars for carpets! And I
yet the bouse was one of the smallest and
the occupants none of the richest. How
monotonous it was to find every floor cov* I
ered with Brussels or Wilton! 1
If there were a home improvement asso- j
elation, as many decorators who prefix all j
their remarks with a "don't" wish there 1
was, then so much money as this would
never lie spent for carpets aloue In furnish
ing a small house. Instead of the most
costly there would lie cheaper floor cover
ings and more works of art, which is the
essential difference all travelers note be
tween the house of the middle class Ameri
can and the English or French.
Who has not frequently in the house of a
friend, or stranger, observed a floor with a
painted border, the carpet uot having been
large enough for the size of the room. Had
there been plenty of means, doubtless a
carpet border would have been added,
which would have been he conventional
thing, but no more pretty. In many
houses carpets are apt to lie so gaudy or so
rich that they attract attention, whereas a
carpet should lie a background and lower
in tone than the objects to be placed upon
Too bright colored carpets tend to make
everything else in the room look dull or
faded, and a decided pattern is tiresome.
These are some of the reasons why so many
persons now prefer polished or painted
floors with rugs, which can be added grad
It is a new experiment that of using lin
oleums in solid colors instead of those pat
terns as a background for rugs in halls or
dining rooms, where there are no hard
floors, and it is found quite pleasing. Art
injp'ains in a two shade mixture are also
quiet floor coverings, and serve well to
show off the bright tints and oriental de
signs of rich rugs.
It is a great mistake to cover the floor
with figured Brussels or velvets and then
spread out Persian rugs over them, as
many do in the luxury of wealth. The
medley is not pleasant. Whether the rugs
are from Afghan, Bokhara, Daghestan or
Khorassan, their singular devices, which
in olden times were made to please the sul
tan, pasha or sheik, the same now being
repeated, need plain or quiet backgrounds
to be seen in all their beauty.—Brooklyn
Tlie Sordid ness of Povertj-.
A poor woman said to me the other day,
"My constant prayer is that I may be pre
served from the sordidness of poverty."
The remark struck me as living very signif
icant. There is danger that poverty may
come to mean more than scanty larders,
emptied coffers and threadbare wardrobes.
It may come to mean the death and burial
of taste and the destruction of all those
pretty devices by which the humblest home
may be made attractive, however few and
far between the incoming dollars may be.
When we grow listless of the amenities of
the home life, when we are willing to sit
down to heiter skelter meals with un
washed children and unkempt toilets,
when no time is found to keep a pot of
flowers blooming in the window or a bird
singing in the sun, when we grow too dis
couraged for "nonsense" where nonsense
takes form in pretty decorations and tidy
rooms—then we are in danger of growing
poorer than it k in the power of any mere
poverty to make us.
There is nothing strange iu the fact that
those classes which are rooted in successive
generations of squalor should live like
brutes in untidiness and unthjift. It
would be almost necessary to establish a
new order of redemption to lift them to the
plane of better living; but for victims of
the passing caprice of fortune to fall into
unlovely ways of living is a deplorable step
in the wrong direction. Remember one
thing—poverty has no power over a life
that lies deeper than the pocket or higher
than the stomach. You may not own an
inch of land within the circuit of the hori
zon—that means you do not own the dirt
or stones—but the greenness of the up
springing grass, the shadows that fly above
it like soft winged birds, the perfume of
every blowing flower, the splendor of every
brooding cloud—who owns all these?
What rich man in the world can read a
clearer title deed to such possessions than
you? So in the daily life, though obliged
to pinch and scrimp most woefully to pro
vide the wherewithal to live, after all the
most that is really worth living for is
yours. All artists have written for you,
all arts have flourished for you, if you but
keep your mind receptive of their influ
ence.—Chicago Tribune.
Tobacco a Valuable Antiseptic.
It has long been a popular opiuion that
tobacco is an antiseptic, and this belief
seems to have some solid basis of fact. Pro
fessor Vincenzo Tassinari, of the hygienic
institute of the university of Pisa, has
made some very interesting experiments
on the supposed germicidal virtues of to
bacco smoke, which seemed to show that
it had a destructive action upou the growth
of bacilli, those minute organisms which
are said to be the cause of a vast number
of bodily ills that flesh is heir to.
Professor Tassinari observed the action
of the fumes upon several different kinds
of bacteria—the so called cholera bacillus,
the cattle distemper bacillus, the pus coc
cus, the Fiukler-Prior bacterium, the ty
phus and pleuro pneumonia bacillus and
the blue pus bacillus.
Wishing to imitate as closely as possible
the processes going in a smoker's mouth,
the professor passed tobacco fumes through
a horizontal tube into a receptacle kept
moist by damp cotton wool, which con
tained also a colony of bacilli. The result
shows that the smoke retards the growth
of some kinds of bacilli, and absolutely pre
vents the growth of others. The tobacco
experimented with was that which is used
In making the large Cavour cigar, much
favored in Italy, and it was proved that its
fumes retard the growth of pus bacilli by
seventy-two hours and of cattle distemper
bacilli by 100 hours, while they absolutely
arrest the growth of the so called cholera
and typhus bacilli.—All the Year Rouud.
Llke<l Hook» Another Way.
Once while I was calling on a friend, a
lady whom I did not know came in. She
owns a rookery, and my friend told lier of
mine, adding that I was foud of rooks.
"Ah," said she, "so am i. 1 often say
that through the seasou we almost live on
rook pie."
When I suggested that 1 should not like
seeing my rooks in a pie, her really delight
ful answer was, "No, some people prefer
them stewed."—Cor. Ixmdon Spectator.
Motley In North China.
In the interior towns of northern China
slips of the bark of the mulberry tree bear
ing the imperial "chop" and a stamp which
denotes their worth, have long been used as
we use hank notes. Marco Polo found this
kind of money there in his time and they
•till have an extensive local circulation.
True Pathos.
Four long years had Jack, the sailor,
beta away, and his ship was reported
"loet, with ail on board." The news
seemed to pile years on his father's bent
shoulders; his mother's smile faded out
and wrinkles seamed her cheeks. One
•Ummer day. however, as the two came
slowly out of church with their pretty
daughters—all three scarcely balancing
the loss of the one dear son—a shabby,
bronzed and handsome fellow rushed up to
the group and took his mother in-his arms.
"It's my boy! my own boy!" cried she,
throwing her arms about him and smoth- »
«ring him with kisses, while the father!
managed to get possession of one brown, '
sinewy hand. j
"Come, mother, give ns a chance!" cried
the girls in chorus, and by this time the
entire congregation had surrounded the
wanderer and claimed his greeting. !
"But you were drowned, Jack!" ex
claimed the youngest sister, and Jack ■
laughed as he explained: !
"No, only partly. Two of us floated for '
days, reached an island in the Pacific, fell
in with friendly savages, and then— f
waited for a ship. Got my belt fall of
money, father, but couldn't wait to buy a '
rag of decent clothes."
Then the minister said solemnly, "Let us j
pray," and there under the trees with an- '
covered head, he offered thanks for the
wanderer's return. When he had finished
every oné was sottly weeping, and not a 1
soul dreamed that the tragic joy of the oc- j
casion could be turned into mirth. Sud- !
denly Jack's mother, wrought up beyond
endurance, opened her lips and spoke.
"Jack," said she sharply, "ain't you
ashamed to come to meetin with such a
ragged old handkercher as that?"
Jack roared, and so did the neighbors.
Tears were wiped away and laughter
reigned.—Youth's Companion.
A Story of General Grant.
I was told a good story about General
Grant. It will be recalled that early in the
war the New York Fire Zouaves were a
crack regiment, commanded by Colonel
Ellsworth. The fire zouaves were the
first troops to march into Alexandria, Va.
Tbeir colonel was at their head, and after
the town bad surrendered Ellsworth saw
a Confederate flag flying from a hotel.
Instead of ordering a squad to remove it
he bolted into the house, ascended the
stairway, went out on the roof and cap
tured the flag. Descending he was con
fronted by the landlord—one Jackson—
who shot him dead. Jackson himself was
then shot to death, and the affair created
more sensation than considerable battles a
few years later.
After the war a daughter of Jackson se
cured an appointment in one of the depart
ments here. She was a modest, diligent
and capable young woman, and discharged
her official duties acceptably. In the course
of time a superloyal gentleman was put in
charge of the bureau in which she worked.
Nosing around, he soon discovered the
antecedents of the young clerk and dis
charged her. She was friendless and pen
niless, and as a last resort went to the
White House and called for General Grant.
He received her and she related her story
to the silent man. Without saying a word
he took a piece of paper and wrote: "The
war against men is ended and my adminis
tration shall not begin one against women.
Restore Miss Jackson to her former clerk
ship instantly." This was addressed to
the loyal bureau official, and the young
lady is yeb in the public service. That was
an exhibition of chivalry that Duriois of
Francis I might have envied.—Washing
ton Cor. Izouisville Courier-Journal.
How Von Moltke Calculated.
The parents of a young soldier, who was
a private in a Prussiau cavalry regiment
during the Franco-Prussian war, became
terribly anxious about him. Several bat
tles had been fought, and they had re
ceived no news of their boy. They had
followed the army and. after some hesita
tion, the father went to see General ven
Moltke, who was understood to receive
visitors at a certain hour iu the early
morning. Strange to say, the father was
admitted to see the great field marshal.
"What is your business?" said Moltke;
"use as few words as possible." The vis
itor explained that he wished to know the
fate of his son, a private in a certain regi
Moltke smiled, but not unkindly, and
drew from his pocket a square of card
board, covered with dots, lines and crosse*
of various colors. "This line," he said,
"indicates the line of march of your son's
regiment. These dots mark the distances
of each forced march. Tomorrow morning
at 7 o'clock the regiment must he at this
point here. Take note of the situation."
He said no more and the interview ended.
Long before the hour named the father
was at the point indicated on the map.
Just before 7 o'clock the trumpets of the
advance guard were heard in the distance,
and precisely at the hour the father saw
his son.—San Francisco Argonaut.
How to Help a Minister to Preach.
It is astonishing how dull religious audi
ences, as a rule, look. Iu lecturing halls
you see people with eyes wide open,
nudging each other and nodding to the
sentiments offered. In prayer meetings the
same people look dull; they cultivate the
dull look; they have an idea that to bo
devotional they must look sleepy. A
brother gets up to talk, and a father in
Israel puts his head down on a cane, and a
mother iu Israel her head on the back of
the seat in front of her, and another looks
up to the ceiling and seems to be counting
the cracks in it. Now when your minis
ter gets up to preach look at him. There
is inspiration iu the human eye. Many a
time I have, through pressure of other
work, gone into the pulpit with little to
say, but in the upturned faces of the peo^
pie I have seen twenty sermons, and the
only bother was to know which I shouid
preach.—Dr. Talmage in Ladies' Home
J ournal.
Uubbcr Foot Fever.
If a man lias a corn it can be removed,
but if he Is suffering from rubber foot
fever no chiropodist can help him, and the
only thing to prescribe is liberal bathing
of the feet and removal of the cause. Rub
bers should only be worn to keep wet out.
and they should be removed the moment
the wearer gets indoors. Fai' ire to note
this gives a man wet feet in a far worse
seuse than if he bail waded through uiud
ankle deep.
It was the trouble resulting from fore
ing the perspiration t* soak the stockings
and keep the feet perpetually damp that
drove rubber soled boots out of the mar
ket. Even loose rubbers are a source of
danger, and the cause of many more seri
ous colds than they avert.—India Rubber
Double Couffcioukiie»»*
The phenomenon of double conscious
ness so skillfully used iu "Dr. Jekyll
and Mr. Hyde" is by no means uncom
mon. Many mysterious disappearances
are by it accounted for iu a manner
wholly consistent with the innocence of
the missing one, and even with his ap
parent sanity. A very singular, recent
case was that of a western judge who
went away from home while deranged
from overwork and became a day laborer
under another name.—New York Re
Ready For the Building.
"Hello!" said a Chicago man as he
stood near the Washington monument.
"That's a pretty good elevator shaft. I
wonder when they are going to put up
the rest of the building. "—Youth's Com
Work for Which Women Aro Peculiarly
Adapted and Which I. Well Paid.
In this world of suffering many find their
life work beside the couches of the nick and
dying. Some have this work thrust upon
them by the stern hand of duty: others
voluntarily devote their lives to lessening
the human misery tot* found about them,
while . third class undertake the work tm ,
aion( . y I
Necessity or a desire for independence
oemls forth each year a large number of
young women to swell the ranks of the
world's workers, and to me none seem to
hare chosen a nobler «düng or to be better
equipped for life's work than the ara,y of
trained nurses sent out from our hospitals.
Those who have served the apprenticeship,
varying in time from eighteen months to
three years, go forth, not necessurily hard
m yeai
ened, but accustomed to sights ami sounds j
of suffering, trained not to give way to
their feelings on even the mcmt trying oc
casions, to obey the doctor's orders to the
letter, to note the slightest change in the
patient's condition, to follow the best
methods for promoting the comfort of the
sick and assisting nature in her efforts to
restore health.
There is a demand for this sort of knowl
edge and it is profitable from a financial
standpoint. Trained nurse« receive xmxl :
wage*, the most profitable field of work 1
x*7~* ' . . _ 77.. rw .
being the large cities Of ccr.rse every
tTutXwTlr ™ h îf WO f A
taformed that hardly one-balf of the pro- I
Pa V°" e 7 tert t n WO 2 ,Ä ? " 1 h0 "P ,ta w , J
finish the course. Some find the work'
harder or more disagreeable than they ex- !
pect«l, cannot overcome their nervousnesa
at beholding painful operations or for
various other reasons, but those whom it
has been my pleasure to know, who have
finished the course and are now working
_________ ___ „„„ ________^
independently of the hospital, are quite de- 1
voted to tbeir work. J
I have several friend* and acquaintances ;
who are trained nurees, and perhaps a few !
items fyom the experience of one who has j
recently spent a part of her well earned va- j
cation with me may be of interest to tho*e |
young women who are about to choose;
some vocation. She commenced teaching
* . - -
at »eventeeiL After five years' work she
found herself worn and nervous, with very
little love or enthusiasm for teaching, but
work she nin*t, as her parents were poor.
Just at thi* time a hid y of her acquaint
ance was taken ill and she was persuaded
to undertake the nursing of her. She suc
ceeded so well that the doctor and friends
urged her to fit herself for this work.
Sending an application, together with a
certificate of health from a physician and a
recommendation from her pastor, to a hos
pital for women and children, she was
voted in on a month's probation, donned
her uniform of striped gingham, with white
apron and cap, and went to work.
The first few weeks were homesick ones,
bnt, aa she wrote, "They pay very little at
tention to that kind of sickness," and her
only remedy was hard work.
The kitchen work—making of gruels,
poultices and various other disagreeable
duties—was given to the newcomers, but
as they became more skillful their lot was
At the close of her probation she was ac
cepted and at the end of eighteen months
graduated with honor. For her services at
the hospital she received from sixtotwelve
dollars a month, board and washing. She
had regular hours of work, regular meals
and a certain amount of instruction in the
form of medical lectures, followed by ex
aminations. Her services, since her grad
nation, have been in demand at fifteen dol
lars a week.
While under training, uurses are often
sent out in the city to nnrse, tbeir wag» s,
excepting the regular salary, going to the
hospital. At this particular hospital the
nurses, physicians and superintendent
were women, and it is unnecessary to state
that in spite of hard work the nurses man
aged to have some enjoyable times.
My friend and several other uurses
rent furnished rooms in a physician's
house, which they occupy between cases or
when they need a rest. Two nurses room
together, thereby lessening expense of
rent, but it seldom happens that both are
free to occupy it at the same time. One
comes and another goes. Busy lives! But
are not the busiest people the happiest?—
Mary Slosson Stetson in Housekeeper.
When Booth Saved Young Lincoln*» Life.
It was at Bowling Green, Ky., during
the summer of 1877. Edwin Booth stood
upon a platform waiting for a train: so,
too, did a man unknown to the actor.
Buried in thought, this stranger left the
platform to walk upon the track, not
noticing an approaching engine. One
moment more and there would have been
an indistinguishable corpse. Silently,
suddenly, Edwin Booth seized this
stranger and lifted him almost bodily
upon the platform. So close came the
engine that it struck the stranger's heels
as they left the track. "Do you know
who that man is?" asked Mr. Ford, the
well known manager of Baltimore, who
witnessed the thrilling scene.
"No," replied Booth
"Robert Lincoln, President Lincoln's
This was the most satisfactory* inci
dent in Edwiu Booth's life. Sensitive as
a woman, he suffered untold tortures
for the mad deed of his brother. He had
voted for Abraham Lincoln as president
and never voted before or after.—Kate
Field's Wasliington.
An Odd Form of Courtship.
Mr. Mortimer Menpes, the artist, trav
eling in the east in search of subjects, has
come upon a curions form of courtship.
Sketching one day in Burmah, he no
ticed a man a little distance off glaring
fiercely straight ahead of him at some
object he could not see from his position.
The man sat with the same fist'd glare
the whole afternoon and was ait it ag;.i:i
next morning. Mr. Menpes had the cu
riosity to ask an English visitor what it
meant. The reply was, "Oh, he is in
love!" And it was explained that this
was their method of courtship.
The object of the man's attentive gaze
was a girl in a neighboring bazaar. \V he u
a young man falls iu love, lie has to seat
himself at a certain distance from his
adored one and wait for her to do the
rest. If she looks in his direction once
or twice on the first or second day. he is
wildly encouraged, and if on the third
day she nods to him and smiles it is
time to go to tlie parents with reference
to the marriage settlements. — London
Pleuty of Air Needed.
Take as much exercise as you can and be
in the open air as much as possible. Out
door life is the natural condition of man
kind and l lie more one can have of it the
better. The practice must not be carried
to extremes, however. There are many
days when one is much iietter off in u
warm, comfortable, well veut dated bouse
than trying to take outdoor exercise iu a
midwinter storm or under n July sun.-
Musical An in
it Is.
. , , 7 • ..... .. ..
A lady was showing little Zrndee some
pictures of birds, among which was a
nightingale. The lady told Zaidee that
it was a bird which sang beautifully in
the night, adding, "We have no night-i
ingales in this country, as they have in
England. "No, replied Zaidee prompt
ly, "but we have cats that sing in the
' 1 often bear them."—York
Child Government.
The question of the government of little
children I* « rexifl «me. A great many
parents seem to think that babjr should
f'T " P !° '! <T '' Wn , T** 1 "I
£'.**" h.w unto herself until
!° me indefin,U ' t,m . c '. wl,eu * 1,e infnn *«' *>
far on the rights of thoae around her as to
"""«dtate repress.on. The time to begin
Kov.Tnmg hnby at «L« time when she
flr f iîîïTÎ T 7 ° f b<r "T"'
A lUle ,,ah >' ,n lon,< dresses needs gov
«" «>>>* '> ^ at any peri.si of her
oWrve at
^ We a twby wi» Isarn that
^-^a.nrng she can ohm... her vrill t
i* V '7 trai " * ct ' ,ld w h ™ ,l " UU1 f
7?, [ Tf'lf interv ?'*' ,. A
' 7, 7' - W, . H 7 for '. he
t;," oSf i U \ ,T, *7 ™
I S " , " V daJ \"
d '"" ir>nt,on whl «* ■» ™
health an 0:1 the* comfort of those about It.
Subjecting the child strictly to the iron
rules of hygiene in the matter of food and
sleep will very soon bring the most obsti
nate of infants into a placid and in course of
time a fur more happy state of mind than
if it bad its own way. It require» possibly
one or two battle*, but not more. As the
little one grows up it should always be
made to recognize the right* of others and
to understand that its own rights are rec
: m _. . . r . .
1 8 ° T '
. ernment which is always the most success
fu , l)et . anHC it wins vh ' heart of the child .
While the mother must not yield in the
I eDforcemrnt ot wbat lje i ie / ea is for the
J child's best good, she should do it in
gent | e a manner that it will recognize its
! mother's love while it recognhtca be?
aluhürity ._ New York Tribune
How Women Should Bathe.
Everybody think*, of course, that she
1 knows how to bathe. And some people |
J do- That certainly mast be allowed. The'
; beat sort of bath to take, best for your
! «kin and best for your brain—for after all
j brains need baths as much as do hands—
j depends altogether on your constitution,
| For a good proportion of people it shouid
be pretty warm and creamy with soapsuds,
and you shouid plunge into it and rub your
self entirely.
Then, after you have scrubbed and
rubbed until your skin looks like the pro
verbial milk, and you feel as if you would
like to lie down and go to sleep, you want
to take your tonic bath, and that is the
shower one—cold as cold can be. The first
few streams will make you jump with
fright, but in a second or two you are ab
solutely enjoying the downpour, and you
come out of it warm and glowing.
Of course you will think you can't stand
the cold conclusion, and the chances are
you will think so quite strongly. Probably
you will be mistaken, but if you should by
any chance be right in the matter, impro
vise a Russian shower; that is. one begin
ning at the temperature of the water in
which you bathe and gradually getting
cold. You can do this by taking pitcher
after pitchcrf ui of water and pouring them
over your shoufilers and all over your body,
and the slight exertion used in handling the
pitcher will tend to make you warmer and
to moderate what might be called th**
shock. The knowledge how to use water
and soap is easily gained, and urges one on
to greater wisdom, to wit, the knowledge
of how to keep clean the house and more
particularly the mind.—New York Re
Destroying the Nerve in Decayed Teeth.
After cleansing and drying the cavity
with pellets of cotton wool wound round
the end of a crochet needle, or the eye end
of a darning needle, or anything which has
some kind of notch at the end to hohl the
cotton fast, then take another pellet of
wool, about large enough to half fill the
cavity, saturate it with carbolic acid, place
it in the tooth and cork ir in with a small
piece of the white or pink gutta percha,
softened in warm water, which is sold by
druggists for the purpose of plugging de
cayed teeth.
In a few hours all the nerve matter that
the acid can get at will be destroyed. In
some persons the gnawing pain caused by
the process is very considerable, and it can
be mitigated by applying a mixture of
tincture of aconite and chloroform, pro
curable from a chemist,of the right strength
and proportions, to the tooth and gunLs ad
jacent. This treatment will destroy the
nerves, ami in most cases quite painlessly.
But it will not arrest the caries, and in
less than a week the heat and distress in
the tooth will compel removal of the stop
ping to relieve tension.
The best way by far. as the brittle nature
of the teeth in this case precludes ordinary
stopping, is to ask a dentist to cut away
the carious dentine and insert a gutta
percha plug of the kind described, which
in favorable cavities will last for a year;
and when the gutta percha gets worn or
dislodged by mastication, it is an easy
matter to have it renewed, or even renew
it oneself, after the caries has been once re
moved by a dentist and the patient has
had the experience of one professional stop^
ping.—Hall's Journal of Health.
Tlie Femiuiiie Knee.
The difference of weight in the brains of
men and women has long been a source of
deep interest to all who discourse of equal
ity and rights.
The structure of the knee feminine con
stitntes in itself a permanent disability for
many masculine pursuits. The knee joint
in women is a sexual characteristic, as Dr.
Ely Van de VVarker long ago pointed out.
Viewed in front and extended the joint in
but slight degree intercepts the gradual
taper into the leg. Viewed in a semifixed
position the joint forms n smooth, ovate
spheroid. The reason of this lies in the
smallness of tlie patella in front and the
narrowness of the auricular surfaces of the
tibia ami femur, and which in man form
the lateral prominences, and this is much
more perfect as part of a sustaining col
A man
has a muc
i longer purchase iu
the lever
age existin'.
between the trunk
and ext
-emetics th.
in a woman. The
foot, com pi
ratively speaking, is
less able
to sustain
veight than that of
are uot wel
constructed to stand
many hours const-cut
ively and every day.
It is safe
to affirm th
it they have instinc
tively avi
mied cert ail
fields of skilled la
bor ou pu
rely anatom
çai grounds, in which
the small
t-r quanti tie
s of brain substance
proves les
>s au adverse
factor than the shal
low pelvi
*, the peculiarity of the knee and
the del ici
te nature of
the foot.
Even the right to v
ote would not confer
ou womankind the
i-rlit to he soldiers.
it appears U
quite as much an af
fair of the knee us of br.ins.—Medical Rec
The I .iiuauni. of Inquiry.
There is no such educator as a bright
boy or girl in intimate association with fa
ther or mother—non«» which teaches so
much or disciplines the mind or character
so wholesomely. If you lie too indolent oi
churlish to answer tin* child's questions, if
you self indulgently bid him begoue a>>out
his play instead of seeking honestly to sup
ply the cravings of bis young intelligence,
you rob him of much tfcat is his just due,
but you deprive yourself of still mere.
If you are incapable of the loving sym
pathy which makes such converse between J
parent and child a joy to both, you are
There is uo better com
not !
! worth educating There is no better com
, for * all with ^ stuff in him
than his own child is.—New York World, j
j _________ !
i iitu,s imtu-« tifaumi. ;
A brass kettle can be cleansed, if disced- (
TÄÄ STpïïî in haï} !
' a pint of viuc!{:lr aniU handful of salt and
let them boil ou the stove a short time; ,
then wash and rinse it out iu hot water.— 1
New York Journal.
Osa?llm»lMs of tfc« Ort*
Th* most «prim* complication ot 0»
frip is acute broncWtto. Th» may ap
pear early or late. The breathing be*
cornea rapid and difficult. A epaamodle
cough is almost constant. Tba axpao
torations are glairy and tenacioaa
With all this there is a peculiar prat»,
A more common complication Is pneu
monia, at which there are three varie
ties—croupous, congestive and broncho
pneumonia. Although these complice
lions are dangerous, yet recovery is the
rule under prompt and careful treat
A third complication of the grip to
connected with the heart. If pattonto
sit np they become faint. Bora die ef
simple failure of the heart: others a»
saved from death only by earafnl atten
tion on the part of the nurse. After the
grip has passed off, a tendency to faint
ness and neuralgic pains may remain tm
weeks or months.
Another complication show* itself in
a diarrhea; still another affecta tho
nervous system and is characterised by
pains in the head or elsewhere, or by
weakness in certain parts of the body,
such as the hands or arms.
As to treatment, the doctor most de
cide in view of all the s y mp tôme. But
the patient should la every cam take to
his bed. To keep about is exceedingly
dangerous, especially as exposing the pa
tient to the above complications. —Lam
don Lancet.
Aa Most Sla e plag fii.a
What shall we pat into oar sleeping
room! Nothing that cannot becteamiedor
« f ._ T
| f enewe< ~ . aleeplng room will
—* **- ,u
have neither paint nor paper on it» walla
The woodwork will lie of hard wood, fin.
ished in oil or simply varnished. Tho
wall» should be finished in hard planter
and tinted, then they can be easily cleaned.
The windows will he low and of Urge size,
to let in all the son and air pomibie. Tho
floor will he of bard wood* oiled or var
nished, and have the dust wiped up every
day. There will be a fireplace, where a
iittle Are on the hearth in cold weather
will help ventilate, especially fa cam ot
We may have rags on oar floor as cheap
or costly as onr purses will allow, bat the
less we have the better the air. The draper
ie* at the windows will be of thin washable
material, and often washed. The furniture
will be light, without carvings to catch tho
dust. Stuffed chairs, lounges and woolen
hangings will not find a place here. A set
bowl, with hot and cold water, is very con
venient, but not always safe, therefore leave
it in the bathroom; have a portable one in
the sleeping room and be on the safe
—Good Housekeeping.
Fencing la France ami BagtamL
Whence comes the superexcellence of tho
French in the matter of "armes blanches?"
It is due to a combination of causes. Set
ting aside the not inconsiderable reason for
the study of arms in the liability of every
Frenchman to find himself compelled to
ose bis sword in serious earnest, fencing an
a tine art has been specially favored by tho
rulers of the country from the days of
Charles IX until everything monarchical
was destroyed by the great revolution,
whereas in England it has been left to
struggle by itself.
George IV, it is trae, set a transient
fashion of fencing with the foil, as he did
of fly fishing, but only because he thought
them graceful and not because he regarded
either of them as a sport. The French
youth, moreover, is driven for his bodily
exercise to the salle d'armes or gymna
sium by the absence of anything in the
form of those outdoor amusements which
have so great an attraction for the young
Englishman.—lyjudou Saturday Review.
Carried the Bonds la a Bag.
State Treasurer Bobleter left St. Paul
Monday for New York. There wm
nothing especially interesting in this
single statement, and only two or three
attaches of the capitol and a vigilant re
porter knew that the little yellow grip
which the treasurer carried in his hand
contained $1,200,000 in bonds duly
attested and signed by the governor and
secretary of the state of Minnesota, and
folded in a small package about the size
of an ordinary law book. Rather than
trust to the uncertainty of an express
company in this age when the train
robber is abroad seeking whom he may
touch. Colonel Bobleter concluded to
convey the precious package to its
destination, where it will be used to
liquidate other bonds of a like snm, the
advantage of the transfer lying in the
fact that those issued will bear only
per cent, while the old ones bore —
St. Paul Globe.
Th« Futur« of Natural Gu.
For three years the territory from
which natural gas has been drawn has
not been sensibly enlarged, and except
in the new fields its general nse for
manufacturing has steadily diminished.
There certainly need be no fears that
coal mining will become a lost art. But
we are inclined to think that the pres
ent tendency is mainly a halt or reac
tion and that natural gas has come to
stay. Just now its uses are merely sug
gestive of the future.
It brings to us fuel in the most con
venient form—the refined essence freed
from dross, weight, impurity; self trans
porting. smokeless, an invisible potent
agent that once possessed of we cannot
well part with. If nature cannot be de
pended upou to furnish it ready made
we must undertake to make it or some
thing nearly identical ont of coal or oil.
A Diplomat'» Grace«.
Lord Duffenn will probably make a
popular embassador in Paris. He is by
uo means a heaven born statesman, and
there is some exaggeration in the praise
with which he is bespattered. He is es
sentially an Irishman, clever, adaptable,
pleasant and resourceful, with a very
full share of blarney and an eye not
quite blind to his own advancement. In
Lidia he persuaded the Indians, in Can
ada the Canadians, in Russia the Rus
sians, in Italy the Italians and in Turkey
the Turks, that each was the special ob
ject of his love and admiration. He will
now persuade the French that he has al
ways loved them above all other nations.
In fact he is an excellent diplomatist.—
London Truth.
Centennial of th. "MarMillalM."
The centennial of the "Marseillaise"
will be celebrated on the 25th of next
April in the little French town of Choisy
le-Roi, the home for twenty years of
Rouget de Lisle, the author of the hymn.
On the monument that marks his grave
! 13 inscription, "While the French
revolution, in 1.92, was fighting kings,
he gave her, that she might triumph,
j the Marseillaise hymn."—Harper's Bar
! zär
( An Explanation,
! , A-*—!« fuL A great big bre
b l uz ^ d u *> *ud .tung me right In th.
, „ ; , . , , . ,
1 , R^aolph—Very likely h« thought 1 m had
found a honey mints—Harper's Baut

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