Newspaper Page Text
MM noil Habfitaiau
YANKTON. DAKOTA, Tuesday Evening, July 10,1877. The Weather To-Day. Washington, July 10.—Indications for lower Missouri valley: Stationary or high er temperature, northerly winds, shifting to Boulheaste^g, and clear or partly cloudy weather. City warrants are at par. Tha walla of Coates' blcc ing rapidljr upward. Seventeei liquor licenses, aggregating '$637.50, have been paid into the city treas ury this month, which, with those paid last month, gives Yankton twenty-nine li •s-Mcensed saloons. Jy Russians. Five of the farms are located on Clay creek, and one four miles north of town. The prices paid were respectively ,.$450, $1125, $1200, $136g and $1075. During the present month Treasurer Schandein has collected taxes on thirty /even dogs, amounting to $79. In Juue, :t five dogs paid their taxes, making a total of iorty-two. The other seven or eight hundred canines have not yet walked up to the office for their checks, and are in a fair VWBy shot for their backwardness. A farm containing 160 acres, only five miles from Broadway, and two miles from the Missouri river, in a well settled part of the county, and being so near town, is es pecially desirable for a dairy farm, and -equally good for raising small grain. This is a great bargain. Price Three Hundred Dd Twenty-five Dollars. J. PARKER HAY WARD, Real Estate and Loan Broker, 3d -street, Yankton, D. T. The steamer C. K. Peck, Andy Johnson, master, and James Keenun, clerk, will leave for Cheyenne agency tomorrow morning with a load of Indian goods Jas. Keeaan, who has heretofore been acting as clerk under the supervision of Commodore /-Terry, starts on this trip as clerk in charge of the entire office business of C. Peck. He is hardly twenty years of age, but has -already developed an aptitude for the busl *neB8 which has placed him in his present 1 responsible Position of eierk of the C. Peck. A new invoice of croquet at the P. 'Bookstore. i«Sr) We are now making room for our fall 'goods. Our present stock of clothing, hais and caps, &c, will be sold for the next 30 day* prices that defy all competion. Can and satisfy yourselves. Wise Bros., oppo site postofflce 'x'* Men s, boys and children's straw, linen, alpacca hats and caps at cost at Wise Bros •opposite postofflce. Linen coats at cost at Wise Bros. 'KHSONAI,. C. T. McCoy,, of Bon Homme, is at the Merchants to-day. W. H. Corson left for the CSst this morn MtJiog. to be gone all summer. Col. Pound is no worse to-day and it is thought that he will now gradually im prove. J- T. Athey, of Sioux City, was at the Merchants over night. He returned this morning. Lieut. C. F. Roe returned last night from St. Paul where he left a batch of military prisoners from Cheyenne Agency. He re turns to the agency on the steamer C. y^Peck. Dr. O'.ney, of Swan Lake, left this morn *8 for a visit at his former home, Storm Lake. He says there are no hoppers about Swan Lake and that those which came down at Finlay on the Fourth departed the ... next day without doing much damage. Judge Bennett and family returned from last night and are temporarily located at the Merchants. They will in a few days occupy Judge Burdick's residence, ®nd Mrs. Bennett and the children will re aide here for the summer while Judge Ben nett dispenses justice in the Black Hills. Unlike other cathartics, Dr. PierceVSPel let* do not render the bawels costive after operation, but, on the contrary, establish a permanently healthy action. Being en Urdu vegetable, no particular care is required while using them- Sold by druggists. Dr. Pierces Memorandum Books given away at all drug-stores. tm RTV,( I ioCAL. LACONIC*. 1®CK I I are progress- in sev- Hoppers have been flying to-day eral different directions. The steamer Black Hills burned one1 of her boilers to day, and is lying at Brule agency making repairs. The Baptist festival on the 4th was a very successful affair, and reflected great credit upon the ladies who had the festival *in charge. The receipts, we learn, were about $70.00. The installation of officers of Humboldt lodge No. 5,1. O. O. F., took place on Fri vday, July 6th. The following officers were ^installed: H. Buerdorf, N. G. F. Dilger, V* J* C. Morman, Sec. John Becker, Treas. 1 The city marshal desires To "notify the people that the season of the year when it necessary for them to cut down the weeds about their premises has arrived, and he hopes they will comply with the law with out further notice. Robert Haase was yesterday afternoon •rraigned before Justice Eldndge on charge of peddling without a city license. He "was found guilty and fined ten dollars and costs, amounting in all to $22.95. This sum he could not produce, and has gone to Mr. M. M. Matthiesen, real estate and commission merchant, has recently sold six ^farms in this county to new comers—most- O THEIR REPORT. V, The Wotk of the Xto&d Commission Reduced to Print. Iliey tre Decidedly tnd l-uaiilmonkly I'*Torof the Ft. George Itontc. YANKTON, Dakota Territory,) Juue 29, 1877. 1871. WfS&i His EXCELLENCY, JOHN L. PENNINGTON, Governor of Dakota Territory. SIR:—We have the honor to report that, in pursuance ot your letter of in structions dated Juue 4th, 1877, to ex amine the Fort George landing and the country west of the same, the Fort Pierre landing and the Chartier Creek landing and the present road thereirom, and to report upon their relative character and feasibility for the permanent location of what is officially known as Route No. 2 from tha Missouri river to the Black Hill*, we proceeded in company with Lt. Col. F, D. Grant, A. 1). C. to Lieut. Gen'l Sheridan, upon the steamer Durfee, leaving Yankton June 0th, 1877. ,?*: We derived all the information obtain able from various reliable parties con cerning the routes or portions of the country visited by them severally, and entered upon the active discharge of our duty a Fort George landing. Before entering upon a description of the several localities and routes it is proper to re mark that upon the plains, or prairies, west of the Missouri, it is not always easy to find an excellent practitable road way with all the required advantages of wood, water and grass. To find no dif ficulties was not to be expected, but to find tho route with the slightest and few est possible obstacles of every kind and the best advantages, was our aim. There are four distinct qualities or characteristics of the best roads in such a region, viz: 1. Directness of the gen eral route and the track for the wheels, with good ground. 2. A good supply of water at convenient intervals and at all seasons. 3. Abundant supply of grass for the grazing and forage cf animals, 4, A reasonable supply ot timber lor the necessasy stations and bridges, and for permanent fuel. These are important in the order named, and there is a great dif ference between them relatively. Tim ber is ot slight importance as compared with water, and both would be of little avail without a direct and reasonable roadway. Bearing these features in mind we have examined the country in ques tion and report the facts as found by us in the order the different places and routes were visited. FORT GEORGE LANDING. I The Fort George landing is on the west or south side of the Missouri river, near the middle part of a plateau or bench some twelve miles or more in length, very similar to that upon which the city ol Yankton is located, but more exten sive. For a part of this distance this ter race forms a bank from 5 to 8 feet above high water, along the river, the general course ol which is south 58 deg. east. The current ot the Missouri presses closely upon this bank in a long curve and the bank is underlaid with stone, preventing any serious wash, and rendering it a safe and permanent landing at all stages of the water. Below this for six or seven miles the bench recedes from the river, ieaving a lower bottom, averaging nearly a mile in width, which is covercd with timber, There is also a like consider able body of timber above the landing. '1 be land rises in an easy slope back for twenty to forty feet from the river bank forming a high, dry and excellent site for the necessary warehouses and other buildings. Toward the bluffs the ground descends somewhat, and iliey are distant about one and a half to two miles. The plateau extends back of the timbered bottoms, and it is all covered with a heavy growth of excellent grass which will afford permanent pasturage and for age for the animals required, and all within view of the landing. The lett bank of the river is easily ap proached and presents permanent and good landings directly opposite the Fort George landing, and has plenty of tim ber and a wide extent of excellent graz ing and hay lands. From the water level to the summit of the bluffs on the Fori George side the elevation is not over one bundled feet. A creek bed or drain passes down through the bluffs and across the plateau or terrace into the er just below the landing. Viewed from every point this constitutes one of the lew excellent landings on the Mis souri river, and there 13 probably no other that for advantages_and permanence equals it. *$««•! THB ROUTE FROM FORT GEORGE LANDING, Starting from the landing we followed itcourse about south 25 deg. westj across the terrace and up the broad ravine above mentioned, bearing more westerly as we ascended, and in a distance of three or four miles reached the general level of the prairie. We met with few difficulties iu the ascent, and with little work in a tew places a good road and easy ascent cau be made. It is also our opinion that a good route can be made more directly west from the riyer with an easy ascent. After reaching the general level we pro ceeded upon a course nearly due west or but little south of west in places for a distauce of eighty miles from the land ing, crossiug numerous creeks and creek Ivvc-r. 1* TWl J-T-s A 4 beds with abundance of water, grass and timber. As wo passed westward the road grew more rough on account oi the banks and blufls of these streams and the ap proaches to them and divides between them. AYe then after full consultation concluded that these gulches and hills rendered the route thus tar impracticable lor a roadway, and were unanimous in the opinion that we had traveled too near to Bud river, and north of the best route. We accordingly agreed to move south from this point and traverse the country back to near Fort George landing and we moved southward up a divide ior about ten miles, and found that the creeks divided and their beds came much nearer the general level, while the di vides weie nowhere steop or abrupt, and the slopes to and trom the creeks were smooth and easy. Thence we traveled back to our first crossing of Antelope creek, keeping a nearly direct line,which closed upon our course outward, iilotig the noiih slope of the divide and water shed between White river, i-,r Medicine cieek, and lted river. There we lound the route good and direct with abundant water at intervals ol from three to five miles, plenty oi grass of the finest kiuds and ample supply of timber. Describing this route, then, Westward from Fort George landing, it passes as described above to the general level of the prairies, aud thence upon a course nearly due west to Antelope creek, a dis tance of about 22 miles from the landing. To this place the route is over a smooth or gently rolling prairie with plenty of good grass and good ground generally for the road. We found water at one place about ten miles out, and at another about 17 miles out, from Fort George, but doubt if the supply is permanent. 1 he approaches to and from Antelope cieek are easy, the valley is wide and the stream easily bridged. There is plenty ot umber and permanent water with luxuriant grass and places wheie hay can be cut. This point Is therefore well adpated tor a stage station and ranche. 1 he route is thence tor six or eight miles about south 00 deg. west with a geneial ascent over a somewhat rolling country but without any serious obstacles or steep grades. Thence the course bears about south to deg. west, or perhaps generally more westerly, in a nearly direct line o\er a smoothly rolling country for a dis tance of abjut liily miles, crossing the divided heads of the stiearns, with abund ant water, grass and timber. '1 he slopes are easy and smooth, and the crossings piesent no difficulties. Ihe water is at this season found in holes, and is Irotn tv\o to five feet deep and ot unifurnily good quality. The giu*s consists of our oulinary prairie grasses, aud of buffalo gamma grasses which afford winter gra/ lng, aud they are everywhere abundant. It was a subject of remark and even sur pilse to find the whole region one of the hnest for grazing ever seen anywhere by either ot us. 'ihc load bed is firm aud smooth, and the route '.a so direct that it can be puisued lor distances of twenty or thirty miles without the necessity of passing outside ot two parallel lines three hundred icet apart. The timber is not so plenty as fuithei northward down tiie creeks wheie it foims a contiuuous body on some of them, but it is deemed ample, and if unusual supplies should be re quiied at certain points it is within very ca9y reach. Jc-'' I his examination showed an unexpect edly (avorabie route for about 80 milts out Irom the landing, and to a point beond which all our informants liad assured us the difficulties were less. From the testi mony of many persons whose statements we round confirmed as far as tested by oui examinations, we do not hesitate in believ ing that ihe roan is easy trom there to Pinos fepiings, aud that a lilie piacticable route lies bejoud in a neurly direct line to the present crossing of the Cheyenne river, passing over a country as jood a.- thai we examined or like that traversed by the piesent route between Piuos Springs and the Cheyenne, touch information was ob tained, among others, Irom Lieut Hamil ton, U. 3. A, who explored the country abou. the head of Bad river, and from Mr. R. J. Mershon, who accompanied us, and who hus traveled from the lorks of White river to the Cheyeunc along the north edge of the bad lands which lie near the western part of that stream It is also proper to state that the road now traveled from Rapid City to Fort Pierre lauding passes nearly due eastward t'rom the former place to the present ford of the Cheyenne, crcssing the dry bed of IJox Elder cretk about half way to the siune, thus forming a direct continuation west ward ot the route from Fort George. The general dneciuisj of this route taken with the important fact that the roadway, or dis tance traveled bj the wheels ^the real length of any ioa.1,) can be easily made nearly as direct aud for long distances almost a straight line, renders this route, for other reasons hereafter stated, advan tageous in total distance. From the crossing of Antelope creek we traveled nearly due north to the ford across Bad river, above the Fort Pierre landing, and to the latter place. As we approached Bad river we found that the surface was broken with numerous deej) ravines and bleep gulches. The descent from the table lands to Bad river was very rough, and the road in to Pierre from the ford was very circuitous, and in every way rough, dilli cult and impracticable. The road passes through what ib known as gumbo soil, or bad lands, which would render it impassa ble in wet weather without considering its George route we.st of Antelope creek KORT I'JERllE LANDING. The Bud river euters the Missouri at a right angle where the general course ol the latter is east-south east. Below Bud river bold and high bluffs rise along the Missouri aud that river also, rendering the river front there inaccessible aud useless for the purp8 of the lauding. Above the mouth of Bad river for a distance of six or eight miles along the Missouri is a nearly level valley from one-third of a mile to one mile wide. The bank of the Missouri grows lower as it nears Bad river, and the augle between the two streams and for some distance up the Missouri aud out nearly to the neighboring blufls, wlreh there come in closer, is covered with small trees and dense uuderbrush of cottonwood and willow, except where cleared away for occupation by buildings or roads. The only lauding available ou this front is lor about one hundred jards above Ihe mouth of B.id liver. The slope ot the land to the river bank is very slight, aud when we utristd these the water was over the bank and trtenty leet or more up the slope, leav ing bdrely room for wagons to pass between the liver and ihe buildings or the enclosure to the warehouse. Eighteen inches or even less additional rise would oveiflow the entire lcVee and most of the town It was stated to us,, (and the indications the small timber appeared to prove,) that this oveiflow docs sometimes occur. A small slough begins a short distance above the landing and continues near and parallel to the river bauk for some distance above. The Bad river renders but half of this short ri\er front available for occupation. 'Ihe upper part of this valley has had fair giftziug but this is now nearly exhaust ed, while the lower pait is as described, back to the raw cieliiceous hills, or barren and covered with sage brush. The whole is the cretaceous formation and ihe soil alkaline 01 "gumbo," as called by the occu pants. This was then hard and generally dry where cleared and exposed to the sun and an, and smooth when sufficiently used by teams, though it every where shows the marks of the indescribable mud which prevailed during the spring, and which must return aiier heavy rains The Mis souri backs up the water in Bad river lor some three miles, to the ford heretofore men loued. The grazing lor stock is very limited and must grow more scant as the soison advances, compelling the driving out several miles for campiuu aud herding room. The landing has, notwithstanding its evils, seneJ very usefully, but it is manifestly limited ior room aud more cir cumscribed for the reasonable and free ac commodation of busiuess that such a depot should have. It does not compare favor ably with the landiug at Fort George in a single feature. CilANTIEH CHEEK LANDING Th.s is some fifteen or eighteen miles noithwest or up the river from the Pierre landing. At this the Missouii makes a somewhat maiked bend to ihe southwest and the landiug was proposed to be loca ted at the outer point of this bend. To understand its surroundings properly it should be stated that Willow creek is one of the largest tributaries of the Bad river aud ihe first on the north side above its outlet into the Missouri river. Below this landing the liver oears eastward decidedly aud VV lllow cietk at this point comes much ne.uer the Missouii than lurther souih. Between the Willow creek asd the Mis souri is a broken and hilly divide which giorts higher toward the north. Into this ridge or divide where it reaches about its greatest elevation the Missouri has at this bend in fonner times cut deeply, and the wash of the hills has carried this cutting to the very crest ol this ndgt along iw highest pjit, so that, wheu oue hus ascend ed the nearly inaccessible bluff of ihe river at th point the descent Oeglus almost immediately toward Willow creek. This lurnishea au explanation ol the unustnl elevation or this bluff, equaled hardly auy where clee this side unless at the Bij-m mils. Tlieie is noth.ng like it ii the vicin ity of ankton. Chantier cieek is a small stream or ra vine aud drain which comes down to the liver about half a mile above the so-called landiug, or rather into a sloujjh back of an island which lies against tlie right bauk and couies down nearly to the landing, Below this island there is a narrow bottom paitly covered with brush, and upon this very circumscribed flat the wash of the lulls and the cutting of the river bank are constantly encroaching. A bar has formed below the island and dnectly across the frout ol the proposed landing. Wheu we visited the spot the water was high yet the bar appeared above the surface well down low aids the landing and shoal water showed unmistakably that the bar was forming and extending across ihe entire liout. Between it and the shore the sand was lillmg in and it appeared then impos sible lor au ordinary river steamer to reach any pait ol this fl.ti bottom heiweeu the high biufis below and the island above. ihe level ground Is too limited for ihe piLSi ut business ut Pierre, and much of it could not. be Used because Irom thaws aud heavy rains the raw and obnoxious hill sends down sluices aud bulls of the tena cious alkali earth ol which the entire bluff is composed. Facing the lauding is this wall of creta ceous earth kuowu as alkali soil or "gum bo," lull three hundred feet high and ris ing at an angle of over 45 degrees It was a work oi great toil U) climb it. A short distance above the landing place aud oppo site the foot cf the island a sort of amphi theater or semi-circle is washed iuto this blufl, recediug at its top perhaps 130 feet. The only pretended or possible ascent for teams is by a tough aud precipitous rood tortuous and hilly characier. It would, around this semicircle, which is cut by heruore, not he possible to use the present small ravines and for plain reasons impos an ing at icrri, aud travel by the crt tible to be made or kept practicable Not enough teams could be used to pull a load- ed freight wagon around that rough aud stet-p circular roadway. We were at once aud uavoidably unanimous in the most em phatic and complete condemnation of this landing and its approaches. If no other were available, access to the Black IIills would be paitically cut off. -••i THE KOICT I'tKItHE ROAD. f. Concerning the piesent road, we had the most extensive and detailed information from many reliable gcntlemeu who hud traveled over it, or who wire daily using it with fie ght anil passenger teams. So far as we examined it, we found this inhuma tion fully confirmed. Leaving the Fort Piuie landing, as descitbcd, it. lollows up the valley for six or eijjht miles over what is now a hard, I ut in pluees lough, road, because the gumbo is dry, yet ihe show ol A hat it was in iLdtscnbable mud during the spnng, was plain. It (assis thence away fiotn the river and over the rolling aud hilly countiy to, across aud beyond Willow creek, aud 13 for a long distance beyoud of the sume tieneral character. The soil is l.irgelj ol the quality heretofore mentioned us "gumbo," which forms with the thaw ol spiiug and irom heavy rains that indestiibably tenacious mud which elmgs like paint or putty, and loi-ds down the whee.s of vehicles and the feet of stock or pedesliians. This character of soil con tinues for about hlty miles, making travel nearly impossible wheu the ground is wet. The road is also liiily, over a large extent of its eastern part, aud this is made-execed ingly crooked in passing over and around the hills and across the creeks. The long cui ves of the load appear, to some exteut, upon the map, but far worse than these are ihe innumerable small curves which follow almost continuous succes sion, for two or three miles in a place prac tically doubling the distance traveled by the wheels over the advance made toward the teiunuus ol the road. rlhe A ically vast amout.t ol transportation aud laige passenger travel are uow going loiwaid over this road, aud it is ail being doue v, uh salcty unci reasonable prompt ness. We saw ihe road iu us best condi tion aftei the mud hau all dried UTJ, and be foie the dust liad begun. The business should continue over it without interrup tion uutU another route shall he opened. At this seasou ot the year the diiiadvunU a^es of the loaci are at a UHUILUUUI, and ihe dilletences between tne two routes the least they will be. It is a practical impossiuiliiy to shorten the preseut track upon the Piene road. It win tend latiiei to grow longer, Lach wagon will follow tLe uroken track rather than try to bieak a new oue On tne new 01 proposed route, care will give a very direct wheel tracK. We tried to lol low ouL lue ouiveyed loute Horn CliauUer cieek, but lulled to liud auy inaiks, and did not have the fieal uotes. It is aboui three miles north ot the traveled road, at its com uieicemjut, aud tney appioach nearer eacu oihci westwaid, and se substantially the same. 1- We, dectiieeliy and unanimously rec ommend the Fort George landing and a route therefrom, upou a nearly direct line, a little south ol west, to lt,.pid Citj We b«g leave to suggest that if this route be adopted, leasonaole notice ol the change be gu en, leaving an interyal after the estab lishment 01 the new landing belore the Ube of the other is prohibited, so that businet may be properly closed there and the last liaius which go out loaded from Pierre can return without loads over the new road and thus easily break the track. 2 We hnd the Chan tier creek landing and the approaches thereto impracticable, lackiugeveiy essential of a good landing, ana not. prcseuuug one point of advantage. 3. Ihe Foil Piene landing is not satis factory in m,y feature as compared with ort Geoige, but is now serving a good pur pose until a chauge can be effected. •1. Ihe 1 resent loute has many points of disadvantage in distauce, hills, curves, lack ot water aud other points, which are all now least appuieiil except the distance, but winch in certain seasons for long periods must almost prohibit travel. 5. We had with us Mr. R. J. Mershon, a suiveyor, who is possessed of our notes, memoranda and uews us to the roadway upon the Foit George route, aud is familiar wuh both toutes and all the adjacent coun try, and would thus be able to serve use fully in marking the line of travel on that loute. We albo thmlj^is to become CONCLUSIONS. shou be done, and a small party cau do it rapidly. To maik the exact route and then have a care that the tirst train lollow it, driving iu as straight lines as possible, would prevent those useless curves in ihe track which are so difficult to have straightened. G. We desire to express our great obli gation to Lt. Col. F. D. Grant lor invalua ble ass stance and the most hearty co oper- ation with us in the entire lour of duty sbanng freely with us in all duties ard hardships. He concurred fully in all our views and conclusions, and remained ab sent irom his post much longer th/m 01 ig. inally intended, in order to join us in a thorough examination of all the points and routes. 7. Finally our thanks are du# to tin* meichants aud business meu of Yaukton for their generous outfit of the expedition, and lor the efficient assistance of Mr \l' L- Hoji. in the piactical success of tl,. tup, and to the officers of the steamer Dur fee for ureal kindness and courtcsy.- ft addition to the length of the traveled road, which these small cuives make, is very considera ble iu the aggregate. It might be called a line of triple curvature tirst the great curves, aud then the continuous and com bined seiies of smaller horizontal and ver tical cuives. Tuis curvature equals any other objection ever made to this route, and we are Satisfied thai, though beginning at a point tui thcr east, the route from Fort George can easily be made from 15 to 25 mties shorter to llupid City thau the pres ent one. The loute by laud from Yaukton will, however, be still more shortened aie satisfied that the timber supply along and neur the present road is sufllcient, though it may appear scarce iu a few places but the Wtitei supply is not sufficient now, nor really good, and is rapidly failing. With cure in its use travel may be contin ued lor some time without much discom fort, but, 11 the laic tummer and the lull are dry, stnous uouble will be I'eit. Respectfully submitted, *5^ Wm. H. H. BEADLH, W. SnEAKE, Jr J. E. WEST. ••Am I'M Ooarderti 'Wanted. Mrs. Kasson, Fifth sheet, between Doug las and Walnut streets, can accommodate four persons with rooms and board and six with table board. Girl Wanted. To do general house-work. Inquire of Mrs. W. F. Eldndge, corner of Cedar and Second streets SUCH is THE PI'UIKYIN«, HEALING OR ERATION of GLENN'S Sn,im:u Sou, tha1 foimidable abscesses and purulent ulcer*, as well as the most obstiuate skin diseases, are cured by it. It expels proud flesh, and is highly anti-putrescent Silver locks grow dark from the use of IIILD'S HAIR DYE. Another large invoice of the latest styles of straw hats, just received at Katz's. Gau/.e undershirts, jeans, drawers and al! grades of summer underwear at Wise Bros, opposite postollice. Visiting cards on damask board, white and tinted bnstols, at Press and Dakotaiar. job rooms. India gauze, lisle thread, patent merino, silk, jeans, and linen uuderweur for gentle men at iiarry Katz's. Harry Katz has the most extensive stock of his line of goods west oi Chicago, and you can gel as late styles, and buy as cheap of him as in Chicago. At this season of the year every body should drink peruviau beer, at Mills & Purdy's. Old papers for sale at the Press and D11 Lotaian office, at hlty cents per hun dred. if Ice cream at Jeukinson's every day and evening. A brick residence of six rooms, on Fifth stieet, between Mulberry aud Pearl. Ap ply to J. N. Hartert. Murder W out. A few years ago "August Flower" was discovered to be a certain cure lor Dyspep sia aud Liver Complaint, a few thin Dis peptics made known to their friends how easily and quicaiy tuey had been cured by its use. The great merits of GREEN'S ALGUST FLOWER became heralded through the country by oue sullerer te auoiher, uu til, without advertising, its sale has become immense. Druggists 111 EVERV TOWN iu the United biates are selling it. .No per son sulierlug with Sour Stomach, hick Headache, Costiveness, Palpitation ot the Heart, Indigestiou, low t-pinis, etc-, cau take three uoses witnout relief. Go to our Diuggist Miiis is Purdy, and ^et a botLle fur 75 cents anu try :t. Sample Lot lies 10 cents. NOTIl IS. We beg leave to inform our customers and the trade generally, thai we have re moved to our uew store in Vuleuiine's brick block, three doors north of the Mer chants hotel, where we shall hereafter eou fiue ourselves exclusively to the wholesale and jobbing business. We shall carry laige and complete slock ol wines, liquors, ales, Milwaukee bottled beer, bar fixtures, cigars and tobaccos. We also keep con stantly on hand pure IMPORTED wines aud liquois lor medicai purposes, which we buy direct fiom the United States custom house, iu order to secuie their purity, and physi cians and lamilies who order from us tan rest assuied that they will get what the-y order. Orders from abroad promptly filled. Respectfully, ADLER IT OHLMAN. Vo Sample Room leiU be kept tf HALL'S VEGETAIILE SICILIAN HAIR RE NEWER IS a scientific combination of some of the most powerlul restorative agents in the vegetable kingdom. It restores gray hair to its original color. It makes the s( alp white and clean. It cures dandruff and humors, and falling out of the hair It fu r uislies the nutritive principle by which the hair is nourished and supported- It makes the hair 11101st, 80ft, and glossy, and is un surpassed as a hair dressing. It is the most economical preparation ever oflered to the public, as its tllec(8 remain a long tune, making only an occasional application nec essary, It, is reco amended and used bv eminent medical men, and officially en dorsed by the bta'e Assayer of Massachu setts. FOR SALE BY ALL DEALERS. Ciood Information. Returning Black Hillers and ail other in teiested travelers, will find the route to the south and east via Council Bluffs and the Kansas City, St. Joseph and Council Blufls railroad oue of the surest, quickest, and in every respect the best routes in the country. Through cars run from Council Blulls aud Omaha, to St. Louis. Through tickets to all points, anil full information can be obtained of the Dakota Southern ticket agent at Yankton, or of the ticket agents of the K. C., St. J. & C. B. R. It., al Coun cil Bluffs and Omaha. A A W E S G. P. & T. AY .St. Joseph.