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in Congress. A -Delegate of talent and
dignity. '.who b acquainted with tho AT
mcricun language and customs, will both
render n inestimable stmces at this
critical moment, anil gain for us the res
poet and good will of the entiro nation.
SuckXipaii is Got. Lano. Wo havo
neves before, since pnr Territorial organ
izntipn, )iii an' opportunity to command
tlic-ierv.ees of & man who is ablo to do
onr Torritjirj:,.60 much good; and we
slirBilitiiM.t tlin fhn?o to enpe
o,'j.su;. may not soon havo such another.-.
'.' "''." "" Governor Lane. '
Tho address of this gentleman, to the
voters of JCcw Mexico, will bo found
in pur paper of to-day, in Spanish. It is
dear on all points, every ono can seo
what his principles are; and what ho
maybe expected 1o do in case he is olc&
ted to Congress. What ho promises, the
peoplo inay cxpect ; fur he is a (nan of
low words, but much talent and energy.
The' people of this Territory should feel
proud to send such a man to Washington,
lie is both by nature and education fitted
for', the society of tho best men of any
country ; and his supporters, at tha ap
proaching election, may rest assured
that he would take a superior rank among
tho distinguished men in tho Congress of
tho United States. Unless tho voters of
New 'Mexico hasten to avail themselves
of tho services of such a man, it is plain
that wo must bo content to remain the
inferiors of all tho Territories.
Gov. 'Lane zealously devoted himsolf
ince ho arrived in this Territory to tho
faithful discharge of his duties. Ho has
not only been a faithful and laborious
Governor, but he has shown himself to
be emiuenily impartial in all that ha has
Tho' truth of what wo s.tato, was so
manifest to tho members of the last Leg
islaturo,, that they almost unanimously
petitioned tho President of tho United
6tatcs to continue him as Governor of
tho Territory.. The request was not
granted, not from nnv fault or deficiency
on the part of Gov. Lane : but from the
custom which exists in our government
of changing officers, on uvery change, of
administration. Such of our readers as
may havo tho opportunity of perusing
hit address will perceive the excellence ot
his principles, n I tho thorough knowl
edgo ho has acquired of the wfiits of the
ierritory: lney must lie convinced too
that tho people will elect him to Congruas
o tíint ho may havo mi opportunity of
carrying out his views, an era of pros
perity will dawn upon our hitherto neg
lucteil Territory, such as they may al
ways revert to witli pride and pleasure.
lie is tho most zealous and able advo
cate for a direct Railroad through the
Territory that has yet taken up our neg
lected cause. Upon tho decision of Con
gress, next winter, as to the route which
this great national work shall take, de
pends tho future destiny of New Mexico.
If any man among us is capable of in
fluencing the action of Congress on this
subject, Gov. Lano is tho man ; and it
behooves us as a community governed by
tho dictates of common sense, to make
ore of his services, now that wo have it
in our power to do so.
' Another matter of vital interest to us
will receive his closest attention, should
ho bo sent to Congress. We allude to
the question of hostile Indians who have
plundered our country almost from its
first settlement to the present time. As
regards this question, onr property and
lives are really in the hands of the man
who may bo our delegate ; for the action
of Congress, touching Indian affairs, de
pends almost entirely upon tho judgment
and cointncndaticns of the Delegate. That
Gov. Line bus conceived correct ideas,
on this subject, no one can for a moment
doubt, lletotally opposes the plan, winch
ha been proposed to Congress, offend
ing anong us tho Indians of Nebraska,
Texas, and California.
Not only does he oppose that unjust
project, but he goes further anil wishes
to move'away those trilies that we already
have within our limits. The compara
tive exemption from Indian inroads and
depredations, which we have enjoyed du
ring the past year, is due iu great part to
the wisdom of Gov. Lane.
. Congress p-encrallv vives to the States.
or Territories, a donation in lands, of;
many millions of dollars, for the estab-
lisliincnt of freo Bchools, nnd the exten
ion of education among the musses.
An appropriation of that kind was
made to New Mexico; but as Congress
did not know that tha lands of our Ter
ritory aro at this time unavailable for
that iimuirtant inmune, wo tnav reason
ably expect that a Delegate of energy
n4 knowledge, like Gov. Lane, could
MiwAed in oblainincr a Brant of money
in nW.. oftliH binds. This isamoiiirthe
... . - ' . . f
- . 4 I......
. R... .!-!..!. n .......m
... i-i. ..- .e
Onr limits will not permit us to men
tion tho advantages of all his measures,
in detail. We must again refer our rea-jses
lers to his manifiesto, which so abound-
in wisdom and good policy, that it can
not fail to meet with tho approbation of
every man of intelligence and good judg
ment. Hational Prejudice. ' ''"
Tho times rcquiro jthat wo should lay
aside all false modesty, and speak plainly
on this subject to our fellow citizens of
New Mexico. Why should we attempt
to disgniso so doplorablo a fact, when by
candid reasoning, one with another, we
may remove, or at least moderate the
evil. The sad truth theii is, that tho
Mexicans hato the Americans, and many
Americans hate the Mexicans. . Wo are
gratified to believe, however, that with a
few exceptions on both sides, this unnat
ural and fatal antipathy, is not indulged
by the better and more intelligent classes.
It is both a shame and a misfortune that
it should exist at all.
The Bible, tho oldest and best of books,
tells us that a honso divided against it
self cannot stand. Tho moral of that
saying is applicable to ourselves at this
time, If New Mexico be divided against
itself it cannot prosper. An hundred
men of equal strength cannot move so
much as a singlo ounco in weight, if fif
ty exert their strength in one direction,
and fifty in an opposite direction ; but if
they will agree to work harmoniously to
gether in the same direction, their united
effort will fhovc many times ten thousand
pounds. This simple illustration is ap
plicable to all th enterprises of mankind.
If tho different raees of men in New Mex
ico will but consent, as becomes intelli
gent beings, to lay aside their bitter prej
udices, nnd consult the dictates of reason
and common sense ; they will soon per
ceive that their happiness and prosperity
will be augmented, and that their coun
try will blossom like the rose. Head
carefully tho address of Gov. Lane, and
reflect on what he has told you on this
lie tells you that tho United States
sprang into existence as a nation, tho
year that ho was born only sixty-four
years ago. In that short space of time
our country, from almost nothing, has
become one of the most wealthy, happy,
and powerful nations that now exists on
tho face of the earth. That nation is
composed of people from every civilized
country in the world ; but these strange
and various people havo uniformly work
ed harmoniously together for the com
mon good ; and that harmony is tho se
cret of their power, their happiness, their
wealth, and all the nnspeakable blessings
which providenco has sliowerd upon them
with so liberal a hand.
And are the peoplo of New Mexico go
ing to prove themselves to be the only
peoplo in the world who cannot and will
not unite harmoniously with tho Ameri
cans in accomplishing the great and glo
rious destinies which lie before them
We trust, for their own good and hap
piness, that such will not be the case
Let us the rather bury tho disgraceful
past in utter oblivion, and make a new
and better start in hamonious concert, in
the accomplishment of more glorious pur
poses. It was a sad day for this Territory
whon men were found sufficiently de
praved, to originate and direct -two polit
ical parties, opposing each other, not on
principles, but on national antipathies.
Men who so act. act like traitors to their
country; nnd commit a crime that mer
its pardon from neither God nor man.
It is high timo that every Ameriean of
the better class should begin to turn his
back upon such of his countrymen as in
dulgo . in low and vulgar abuso of the
Mexicans ; and it is equally the duty of
the better class of Mexicans to discour
age among their countrymen ignorant
prejudices and abusivo language towards
Americans. The united efforts of a few
good men, in this honorable duty, would
soon sensibly diminish the crying evil of
which wo are speaking, and introduce a
state of social intercourse, such as be
comes a respectable and well ordered
Our readers may havo anticipated the
chief object which wo havo in view
in adverting, at all, to so disagreeable a
subject. We desire simply to point out
to our Mexican readers the unreasona
'i i- ......... i:..- 4l...! .
Gov Lnno in tho approach i ntr election,
. P ..
menees oí jueiiunij; uic-ir iruiiuiuci iu
merelv because ho is an American. For
if he 'should be defeated by Padre GaU
legas it will be obvious to the world,
that the only cause for it will be that ha
is an American Imrn citizen. And are
the KK)p!e of this Territory willing to say
j to the peoplo of the United States that
i they opixxto him for no other, and better
reason 1 For their good, we believe not;
! for their honor bo believe not. For onr !
' rt-n tini'f VAdn 1
I .imiilv Cmmm, ho ia mi Ameriean io'nr
!rili know that onr fint choke u
Don Ambrosio Armijo.) but wo can give
a better reason tur our course ha posses.
every reqnisitu for an excellent and
Now we ask the friends of Padre Gal
legos if it is possible for them to say as
much in behalf of him I They cannot,
and if they elect him, it will be only be
cause he is a Mexican born citizen ; and
nofbecause he possesses one single qual
ification for the office to which he as
pires. ,Mf-A 't ; :- r
Last winter the Congress of tho Uni
ted States appropriated one hundred nnd
fifty thousand dollars for tho exploration
ofthodifferentroutsfrom the Stats to Cal
forma, in order that the best one may Ik
selected for tha great Atlantic and Pacif
ic Railroad, the most stupendous work
that any nation has ever undertaken.
According to the superintendent of the
census, when the road is completed trav.
ellers will he able to go by steam from
New Mexico to Sun Francisco, in Cali
fornia, in one day and night; and it will
rorpiiro but one day and night also to go
from New Muxicoto Saint Louis, in Mis
souri. We will then be let out of our
prison in the mountains, and will he able
to see and know something of the great
and active world from which New Mex
ico has always been cut off.
We can then have coffee at 12J cents
the pound, sugar at 6 J cents and all oth
er necessaries and luxuries oflife propor
tionally cheap. We will then see more
travel and trade, an I goods, und money,
in ono day then wo now see in a lifetime.
llie lands of JNew Mexico wliieli are
now barren andworthless will at mice ho
come so valuable-that evory Ian 1 holder
in tha Territory will be rich nnd indepen
dent. The minesof silver, gold nnd cop
per, which are now worthless on account
of the distance from the States, and the
difficulty of reaching and working them,
will then be all worked, and will then
yield more wealth to the Territory in one
year, than they could yield In ono linn
dred years without a railroad. Every
thing that we have or can produce in this
country can then be sold, and at a fair
price. I he money alono winen w.uiui ue
leu m me country oy travelers passing
through on tha railroad, would be sitfli-
cii nt to enrich the Territory.
A single lmtel at. any depot, or stop
ping place along the road, would take in
more hard cash in one year, than do all
the stores now in Santa Fe put together
The many hot spring in New Mexico,
which aro now worth nothing to their j
owners, would propably be worth two I
or three hundred thonsan 1 dollars each,
... , , .i i i . ,!
if we had a railroad through our country! ,
fof then, hundreds of people Would
visit thorn fiom all parts of the World,
These are only a few of the advantages
which New Mexico, will derive from the
railroad 1 it would require a months wri
ting to discribe them all.
Now, the question is, will Congress a
dopt the route through New Mexico for
this great Railroad I wo are sorry to say,
that it is very doubtful. Soma of the
most talented and influential men in
Conoress are in tavor o I m akin or it nass
O O I
some fifty leagues beyond Taos, whilst
others wish it to begin in Texas and go by
i i.i tv n-i . ci.(
El Paso an 1 the Rio Gila in to Calitor-
nia. Our leaders must see, at once, that
if Congress should a lopt either of these
routes, tho road cannot be of much advan-
v w . j . ..
tage to ftew Aiexico. it is necessary lor
(I... -...I ..1.....1.1 ..a M , A. .1. .
ua nun uiu ri'uu Jiioiini j;ii iiiiuuii uiu
centre of the Territory, or thiongh it
least, somewhere not very far from the
centre. The northern route hoovo laos
has strong friends in Congress, and so
has the Southern routo, by El I'aso ; but
what friends has the route through New
Mexico i what no friends in Congress.
Maj Weightman was in dpty bound to
advocate tho New Mexican route, and
bring it before the notice of Congress.
But he prefered Texas to New Mexico,
and went for tha route by El I'aso.
Wefeelhappyin announcing to the
voters of New Mexico that tha route
through tlie ierritory nas at least one tai
I t i rt l l l ,i . n
entesl ami iweriiii triena. ana mat menu
is Governor Lane. He has been from the
, favor o( rmmlng the
h; by & " wt
. ,V ., .
" P3lu,u mHi BUl""
Now the people of this Territory have
the opportunity of secnrinir the eervies of
Gtmjrrw, ír ho U now a,can li(ato fnr
I tho office of delegate. . Should the people
elect Gov. Lane, tha Jicw Mexican Rail
road will have a trno riend and advo-
ate, a liicnd óf talents, energy, nn'd in
Quenco. 'And they may reasonably in
dulge the expectation that he can succeed
in inducing Congress' to adopt th:' route
through onr Territory. " But should they
UnlVrtUlintely prefer, Padre. CtalJegoS wlioj
hardly knows how to say mass, and ccr-
taiuly has. never, seetra. Railroad, the
probability is' that wo will always remain
as ioor and dispised as wu now aro.,- .
On the fifth day if n.xt month the people
of New Mexico will have to discharge the
most Miiportant duty tliithnscver devol
ved up m tli.nl, or that can ever devolve
upon th 'in or their posterity in all future
time. The question will really he deci
ded tin n whither they are to have a Rail
mail or not .The chaneca 'will , be.' in
their favors with Gov. Lane tor Delegate:
but with Padre Gallegos their int'iivsts
cm stand no chance at all, in the great
struggle where celebrated men. and great,
siati'suieii will coiilen I for the victory.
The people ol'New Mexico may, in this
matter place the fullest confidence in the
capacity, and sincerity of Guv. Lane, bo
cunsche isti'itrtTexan but in all his feel
ings and j iirt'.aüt'us a N w Mexican. The
interests oi Missouri ainlNew Mexico are
identical in this great Railroad question
The routes which the people of Missouri
go for should pass directly through New
Mexico; and the route which the people
of New Mexico want is obliged to start
from Missouri, Therefore the interest of
New Mexico and Missouri are the same,
and the best friend which the peoplo of
this Territory could enlist on their side is
the man who is alike tho friend of Mis
souri, and New Mexico, especially when
that man is known to possess talent and
influence like Gov. Lane. Wo consider
the people of this Territory fortunate to
have it in their power to secure the ser
vices of sin h a man at so important an
A New Paper.
We are requested to state that a new
paper is tobe published in Albuquerque,
the first numbt r of which will be issued
j nuxt Wl,(!k CIltH1(,(1 m Amigf) u pah
y j nnM
We are not advised as to who are the
pioprictors, or the publishers of El Aiip
go del Pais; l'on Facundo Pino is the
agent in this city, and is now soliciting
We will notice this stranger more at
large when it makes its appearance a-
The la'epoll' leal evcnis-onr course
Mo' r"","r" hvf I'"1'! f"ni Mo"
thi. that Padre Gl!ego of Alhiiqueique has been
noinÍ!tpd , M for of. )h,
.t,t by a few men who call them-dves Dmo-
"'"i mi whnt Wl,i I'111' prudence and less
1 '"'r"y: u""e,l"k:" 10 ,form ' ""w W
mis icrrir ry, ami 10 o i reel u aiierwarus, 10 ac
complish their own selfish ends.
The large, nnd we ihink we m y safely ray Ihe
most intelligent, portion of the Democrats of New
Mexico would have nothing to i'o with this silly
movement in Ihe beginning, nor have Ihev given it
any countenance since. Tliey ire men who have
seen enough t know that Ihe people of the Ter-
rilory nave no huainess wiih feJeral politiisi thev
have siiHieient ir-nrcl fnr lh tmlli t u:,v Oil. in
I p'm, , mi inn, i iiiuii.-iii m imh.micu y rentier-
I ..ri ........... ,k. t..:, ' .u.. .
I '"h ' K,,nrl "'r I o-iiM.iy, io.i mail III
i "eking to eWnte themselves to oflice. The o -
t,on f"1"-" "P I'v nn h were niic.m.cious
,lf lMr imonf-Mlltf tht tWm f Ml.
I Pierce io the Presidency of ihe United ji..ies
; lum w,i ithr foreignm.. or ciiiten.- of only
' fe4V "l0,llh' ilni" '" wl' '"v no peiu.a-
"''lit connexion wilh the Ternloiy, We, as a
Demo,ra, amsn(? mn, ,,,,. ituJ lMr ,.
1 . . i .
, niy, ami reprímale itieir le itemliip It was con-
at;'vei1 in u" Ule H'"' u( n'1 motives, and
, nim T " nr""'' " 1,8
i onmn The nnmarv ohipel f . nutvi,..! u,t
to send lo Coneress Mr. Band of Texas, who -had
piored himself the worst Indian agent in New
Mexico, or some other man equally unworthy and,
unfit for seat in Congress Tiie originators of
this small faction did not succeed in gelling a :
nomination for the particular inwn upon whom
they had set their affections, bul Ihey have found
and nominated an individual fully as unlit foi so
exalted an office.
is. i.i.. H... ...i .... .. i. . .,..i.i .... ...
position to the ele tion of padre Gallegos, and
Ihe remainder of I his article we will devole, in
w. are conscious of the deplorable fact thatj
- 1 mere ns exi.iea, ana mat mer sou exists m
i Waur (VTavinA ft 1antr nt similar aiA .li-iiof k&.
i 8 T : . ,
" ' TTJl J'l ÚT,.
: , " m'en .; "r
Arairic.nflrrMpeciv. of n..,o,,.,i,y. A,ld w.
nov, in , lincertv thai our onnosmon io
Padre Gaiug. i. not owing to th. fact ih.t h.
a Mexican born cititen. As we ire opposed
Maj. Weightman becms. he w .s m,fit for s im
portant an offico as that of Delegate in Congress.
so we are now opposed to Padr Gallegos for the
samo reason, ind not because he is I Mexican
, bornfiliMII, o the contrary we will say tbau
i two quaiiy fit for th ffict, tht fintMjconvuUion of mm(kptrMmy" -
if 'Walt A tsj tilt V't'-k
Lmerican and th other a Biexiran, were'lefort
th: people u candidates, we would prefer the
Mexican, and would pit bin esry mi h our
power i but u the futura (rood of our country de
pends on the tálente end fitness of the mm who
may have our destinies in his hands, it ii our duty
to seek foi those qualifications, and ternre then if
possible, let them be possessed by whoMoerer
they may. No man, let him he padre or sol, his
"y jht to expert Ihe people of Hew Mexico to
piVCD INCH ffH'i'j.cKB biiu ucimrvoT ni iiauu
unless he possess the qualification necessary to
serve us in the best and most soenssfai Dinner.
As a question of Ihe (real est importance is now
lruie the people of New iVcxiro for their de
rision, it becomes them to act with the irreatest
independence, as R becomes freemen altr.js to
acl, Their consciences and their ntellijenc
shoii'd govern their course, and not personal -friendship
or the orders of self-constituted and il
legitimate political tintar. ,. , , .,,
The result of the cominp; election will p heforo-,
the people and must be known to the world. If
tho voters of New Mexico send a delegate to
Washington able to discharge the duties of so bich
an office, the people ot the fjnited Slates will re
spect them and esteem Ihem as ritizens fit ano),
capable for self-government. It Is equally certain
Dial if an iirfit man be sent to Congress Ihe peo
ple of New Mexico can neither look for respect
ncr favon from the geneial government, ' l
We aro requested to announce the fol- ,'
lowing ticket of candidates for the vari-1
oils County and District offices at the en
suing election, and to bespeak for it a
aim and dispassionate consideration on
the part of our citizens.
It strikes us that the names presented;
are unexceptionable, and that many of
the gentlemen named, have strong claiini
upon the suffrages of their fellow citizens,
not only hy tlieir uprightness and intes-
rity of character, butnlso on account of ,.
much previous unthanked and upaid effi
cient servico in their cause. '
At all events, when so organized and
determined opposition to the friends of
the true interest of the Territory is at
work in support of the former Delegate '
from this Territory and his tools, it is
the duty of every man who is alive to his
own interests, who duly appreciates his
duties to ins family and Ins friends, and
above nil, who wishes to see tho country
of his birth or of his adoption take her
proper stand in the great confederation,
to be exceedingly cautious how ho exer
cises that great principle of freedom, the
right to choose his own rulers and law
givers, and to guard with a most scrupu
lous and jealous care, against any at
tempt thht may be made by designing
demagogues to have him prostitute that
grand privilege for unworthy purposes.
Again therefore wo bespeak for this
ticket at least a careful and deliberate
Fur Delegate to Cangro.
William carr lane.
JOSr GPADAMPE GALLEGOS.
WILLIAM H. MOOKE,
DON TOMAS (lUTIZ,
DON VICTOR GARCIA.
R. II. TOMI'KINS.
FRANCISCO ORTIZ j DELGADO.
JOHN G. JONES.
Th1) Great Gypsnm Formation:
As the water has a very bitter and dis
agreeable taste, it has been conjectured
! tllilt it. l'!LAlell in itri nnnrait tlii-,-tiii,k
. ....u ..I. ti . .1 1 1
But this 1 also found
to lie an error, as there is no deposit of
ti i. j . , , i ,
iclilorMe ot souiem upon the river, the ne-
i ,. j . , , , i
! e,llmr .!iWte h; lnp communicated by some
!f "! ílT09 "
'"S '"r a hundred miles over a gypsum
i formation, which extends from the Ar-
kair.-iis river, in a southeasterly direction,
to the Rift Grande.
This great belt of gypsum, which I
have myself passed thrilgh at four differ-
r vnt 'm tMllim,cing a ramp of three
. I . V. . .
litlirlted miles, is Considered by Dr. Hitch-
(.,k to be the most extensive in tho'
known world 1 have every where found
i .. . t .... 1 1 .1 ....
i( nmi.a,.KTZUU y mo 8ame pecunarites,
. -.1. .1. . . , . '
with the water issuing from it invariably
bitter and nauseating.
, The Arkansas, Canadian, Brasos, Col
orado, and I'ecos rivers also pass through
: ti.! '..nf:.,., o.i .- ;
iiiin iwiiiitiuuii, anu animar mote is im
parted to the water of all. These rivers,
also have their sources in the borders of ,
the same elevated table lands, and where
!.i , e ...
tliev n.nVn their exit frnm tliin tilutno,.
their beds are confined to vast sluices or ,
eanfillS, the sides of which rise very ab- f
This defile of Red river is seventy :
rmie m length, the escarpments from five
1 i. ..!.!. t 1 1 Jf.i t ! 1 I .
, w eiKut ullu' 'gn on eacu side,
! ".ml iu m l!,acc? they PP
t he s cage na ; Uiew not room .
888 ZnuTT K'Lh
" . V88ar-V t0, travul for ml,t ,n .tho.
i. ' VIW 'r 7T a 8'ot 18 lound where
to ".V " -P PreoiPuon
.. i...,... i i.... .. .i ...
w,,e8 ?l cn""-. '"M .Jut deter-
in '"X VW" mm( whether this ,ru-'
muvkable defile had been formed after a
long lap of timely the action of the enr-
if rait, or had been produced by some erer