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Sania fe lDcckl) aptte TERMS. WEEKLY- $2 60 a year, payable invariably in advance; single copies 12 1-2 cents. Advertise ments, $1 00 per square of ten lines for the first insertion, and Wets, for every subsequent insertion. 28 wmffBSItt, COMMISSIONER OF DEEDS, Ponnsylvania, Connecticut. New Hampshire. Santa Fe.Jan.l, 1852 If. INDEPENDENCE, MISSOURI. BY B . W. TODD. I have removed from the "Nolond House," to the "Nehraska House," in Independence, Missouri. The Nebraska House is a large new .building, ami has recently been much improved by alterations and additions. Havinj taken this bouse for n term of years, 1 intond to make every effort to promota the convenience and comfort of travellers. The patronage of my friends and the travelling public IB reSIlCUliUiij avunisu. B. W. TODD. January 1st 1853-ly. mHE undersigned bees lenve to inform his friendi J. and the public ecnerallv, that he is prepared to do all kinds of cabinet and carpenter's work on the most reasonable terms. Shop, two doors above the store or Jesus Lova. San.a Fe, May 7, 1853. y JAMES II. CLIFT. NOTICE. THE undersigned, being nbout to lonve this Territory, hereby gives notice that LEVI EPIEGELBERG is his only authorized agent, for the settlement ot his business. S. J. ül'lliGELBERG Santa Fé, August 18, 10 It. SHOE! PATENTSERMONS. by "now JR." A SHORT SERMON PREACHES TO A SHORT FEOFLK. Wind-whistle Islanders 1 yon vile under growth of the human foresl yon dwarfish, stunted, frntl.friirMened samóles of nnmiiive humanitv why do vou n"t conlrive to crow taller, physically. mentally, and morally? You hold your heads íneh, and imagine that they are as near heaven as tninej but it is no such thing you fall short of me by a foot and t half, standing in my stockinm and wig on ano as ror your religious meas, iney were never known to do inore than to put forth a few sickly sprouts and die. This is all owing, my dear heathen, to your abominable, self-willed ie norance, which I suppose you will do your best lo maintain for ever. At present you spem deter mined to know nothing, and I'm afraid I haven't sufficient power and plug tobacco about me to sway you from siKh a sinful determination. It I speak to you of better lands than y ur own Ireary, desolate, roi'kv. slorm-tnttcred island, you hoo-hoo at me, as much as to say, 'No you don't, we are not made of grass!' But let me tell you of a won derful truth. Away down in the south, where the inn goes to warm himself in winter, (whu said hoo?1 is a treat country called Cdifnrniat a Innrl abniiiidinsr in colli, rum and plug tobacco. The rocks, as bic as yours, are all solid cold so solid that as vet they never have been broken to afford sordid ambition a piece as nig as your lime toe nail but tliev will snnn he, anil perhaps more im mediately. The trees, whose wavine tops lickli the cheeks of the moon thI keep the stars for ever winking, are perpetually foliaged with leaves of silver, and ever hang with golden apples. averaging in size from a small fist up to a big baby's lieail But mind, you Wind-whistlers, all these' temida tions exist only at the tops of the trees, and in thi heated imaginations of enthusiasts wholly beyond the reach of mortal man. Down in the valleys, thoitch. tbeie is more cold, mixed with tobacco, than would bury your whole island to the depth of half a mile, ami sink your souU even deeper in the mire of depravity than they are now. There they have machines, pronelled by everlasting, perpetual nower. to senarate the mire from the impure 1 clean from the unclean the chaff from the wheat the richteous from the nnrishleoiis. Bushels of un'cemly rubbish are poured in'o the top of th machine, while from the bottom eternally gusl 4wo vasl, magnificent, heavenly streams: the one of pure, unmarried, virgin cold the other of beautiful, blue black, sweet-scented plug tobacco, Then O Wind whistlers! iust imacine that this auriferous and narcotic California is -Iso a spiritu-,1 land of promise! Yes, there all the rivers ru fourth-proof Santa Crua rum over beds of brown turar, and every mudhole is a monstrous basin of molasses. row will yon speed on me wings or the wind, or on your fast tiotlers either, to to this blessed land ? I feel assured that you will for if gold, rum and tohacc won't entice a lientln-n as well as a christi n, then the world i not now s it was in the d ys of 'Moses end the profits 1 Hon Hool you grunt most unanimously. Well, stay where you are, then delight in your own destitu tion, and make meny with your own misery. While I send round my hit to receive your shells and trinkets let us all sing, after a fashion When thirst for gold enslaves the mind, And selfish views alone bear sway, Man leave his wife and b be behind, And hies to Ca-li-for-ni-a. Brethren Wind-whistlers! since your affections have taken such deep root hero in the ci a -ks of the rocks that I can't pull them up without danger of bursting something, permit me to throw a small handful of advisatory salt among you. There are spots upon your cold, hard-looking island tenderly lusceptible of cultivation. These y. u must culti vate. Plant potatoes, corn and beans beans es pecially ) and as these spring up nnd flemish, they will give premonitory evidence of your being noon the right track to civilizad' n. Only know beans, and you increase in wiulom, bodily strength ami gumption i Ihey add much to the corporeal weichl, .and cubits to the stature of the mind. Beans work wonders. Raise them, and you will laise your selves in time to a level with the enlightened na tions of the earth but I c-n't promise you any more real happinesi than you now possess. Ho moie ii ue. A Judge of the criminal court, at 'Cincinnati, lias recently stahlished arulc oi Court, tequiring the newsnauer renor tcra to appear before tho clerk, and take oath to report the proceedings correctly, -or be excluded trom toe uourt-room. Mi SELF. BY H. E. 0. AMY. Well, ones I was a littli girl, A-dwelling far away) My mother made the butter, And my father made the hay. A I I wandered out of school, Amid the woodlands wild, And scorned the teacher's measured rule A harum-scarum child. Of thorny lane, and meadow fair, My frock bore taken still The wind would catch my yellow hair, And braid it at its will. The sun was busy with my face And still it shows it some j And on my neck, I know how high My dresses used to come. And I was smart, and all the springs On all the hills could show ( And if there were sume grammar things I didn't care to know, I always knew how irany boughs The latest tempest broke, And just how far the woodpecker Hud girdled round the oak. I knew the tree where slept the crows j -iiid on the water's brim, I climbed the hemlock's boughs, To watch the fishes swim. I knew beside the swollen rill, What fluwers in bloom would burst ; And where upon Jlie south-sloped hill, The berries ripened fust. Each violet tuft, each cowslip green, Each daisy on the leu, I counted one by one to." they Were kith and kin to me. I knew the moles that dared to claim The vanished heaver's huts; And sal on mossy logs to watch The squirrels crack their nuts. And they winked slyly at me, too, But never fled away, Fur in their liltU hearts tluy knew That 1 was wild as they. And always in the winter, too, Before I lie breakt'aal time, I wandered t.'er the cruated snow, To hear the waters chuue. To see how Ihick the ice bad grown, And where the hasty spray Its jewels o'er the thiubs had thrown lu such a curious way. And in a litlle cavern where The waieis trickled through, The Miupe every icicle That gemmed its sides 1 knew For there were hermits' huts, and towers, And Lilies gr nd and gay, Anu alpine peaks aim tropic flowers, And tauer things than liiry For ofl the sun came glinting through The chinks some ice lens spanned, And decked in many a rainbow hue Those scenes of lairy laud. And now, when to my roving brain There blurts some fan y sunned In tints inore bright Iban e .rtti can claim, That cavein comes to mind. When winter to the spring-tide wore, Through slumps and sloughs 1 sliayed, To list the spli slung and the roar The mountain torrents mude Oh I that was glee and oft I turned In laptuie 1 rum the shore, And said (1 know not where I learned) The lines about "Loduie." There was a well-filled garret, where 1 hid on stunny days, And built bright cuatíes in the air, And conned must ancient lays And through the snares that Scott has set, For fancy roamed w ith joy, Or, from some old and worn gazette, I hacked the rhymes of ''Hoy." In mouse-holes rare I hid with cart Those relics o' Ihe Muse, And wondered who the Poets wen That acribbled for the news. But when once more the skies were fair, And 1 the woods could win, For books and rhymes that charmed me thei 1 did not care a pin. My mother saw my garments soiled, And thought it hardly tight j But when I wished to go again, My father said I might. And now I am a woman grown, And strive to keep my hair Beneath the guidance of my comb, And bind my dress with cart. Through slumps anJ drifls I do not roam, Nor climb the hemlock Irees, Nor hide 'mid cobwebbed trunks at home For fear 'twill raise breeze. I thread the world's unchsnging maze, Throutrh nil Life's fettered span, And seek to be in all my ways As "propel" at lean, I never liked the ways of men, Or wished more old to grow, For life was wondrous curious then, And isn't curious now. I know not how it seemed to me, Or what my father thought, But mother said I'd never ba A woman at I ought. I know tit hard such children will In polished rules to train t And if 1 wen once mora a child, I'd do just to again, The "bewitched Clock." A YANKEE STORY, fThe followtnc is copied from an Enslish paper. but if the "Old 'Un" didn't write it we're much mistaken. About half-past eleven o'clock on Sunday nieht, a haman leg, enveloped in blue broadcloth, "might have been seen" entering Deacon Cephas Barber ry's kitchen window. The leg was followed, finally, by the entire person of a life Yankee, at tired in his Sunday-go-to-meetin' clothes. It was, in snort, joe roayweeu wno mus ourgianousiy won his way into the Deacon't kitchen. Wonder how much the old deacon made by or- derin' me not to darken his doors again?' solilo quized the young gentleman 'Promised him I wouldn't, nut didn't say nolhin' about winkers, Winders is just as good as doors, ef there aint no nails to tear your trousers onto. Wonder if Sally will come down? The critter promised me. I'm afcard to move about here, 'cause I might break my shins over somethin' nuther, and wake the old folks. Cold enoiiL'h lo freeze a Polish bear here. Ah ! here comes Sally.' The beauteous maid descended with a pleasant smile, a tallow-candle, and a box of lucifer mat' lies. After receiving a rapturous creetinir, she made up a rousing fire iu the cooking-stove, and Ihe happy couple sat down lo enjoy the sweet interchange of vows nun nopes. Hut the course or true love ran no smoother in old Barberry's kitchen than it does elsewhere, and Joe, who was just making up his mind lo treat himself to a kiss, wis startled by Ihe voice of the deacon, her father, shouting from his chamber door, 'Sally ! what are you getting up in the middle of the night for?' 'Tell him it's most morning,' whispered Joe, 'I can't tell a lib.' said Ally. 'I'll make it a tru'h, then.' said joc and run ning to the huge, old-fashioned clock that stood in the rorner, he set it at five. T.oi k at the clock, and tell me what time it is,1 cried the old gentleman. 'It's rive by the clock,' answered 'ally j and, corroborating her words, tlia old clock struck hv. The lovers sat down again and resumed their conversation. Suddenly Ihe staircase bejan to creak 'Good gracious! it's faiher,' exclaimed Sally. 'The deacon I by thunder l cried Joe. 'Hide me. Sally.' 'Where can I hide you?' cried the distracted giil 'Ah! I know,' said he. 'I'll squeeze into the clock-case.' And without another word, he con cealed h'mself in Ihe case, and closed the dooi. The deacon was dressed, and sittinc himself down1 by Ihe cooking-stove, pulled out his pipe, lighted it, and commenced smoking deliberately and calmly. 'Five o'clock, eh?' said he. 'Well, I shall have time lo smnka three or four pipes, and Ihen I'll go and feed the critters.' 'Hadn't you belter feed the critters fust, sir,' sue-irested the dutiful Sally. 'No smokio' clears my head and wakes me up,' replied the deacon, who seemed not a whit dis posed to hurry his enjoyment, Rtirr.r.r.r -wliit? ding Iding ! ding! ding 1 ding! went the clock. 'Tormented lightning !' cried the deacon, stand ing up, and dropping his pipe on the stove j 'what'n creation's that? ' 'It's only the clock striking (we !' said Sally, tremulously. Whizz! ding! ding! ding! went the clock fu riously. Puwers of mercy !' cried the deacon. 'Strikin' five I it's struck a hundred aire dy.' 'Deacon Barberry,' cried tho deacon's belter hilf, who had hastily robed herself, nnd now came plunging down the staircase in the wildest state of alarm, 'what it the matter with the clock?' 'Goodness orly knows,' replied the holy man, It's been in the family these hundred years, and never did I know it to carry on so afore.' Whizz I ding! ding I ding! ding! went the clock again. It'll bust itself!' cried the old lady, shedding a flood of tears, 'and there won't be nothin' left of II.' It's bewitched!' said the deacon, who retained a leaven of good old New Kngland superstition in his nature. 'And now,' said he alter a pane, ad vancing resolutely towards the clock, 'I'll sec what's gut into it.' 'Ulil ilon'l I' cried his daughter, seizing one of his cost-tails, while his wife clung to the other. uotri r cnoriissni ooin ine women .ogether. 'Let go my raiment.' shouted the old deacon. 1 ain't afeard of the powers of darkness.' But the women would not let got so Ihe deacon slipped out of his coal, and while, from sudden cessation of resistance, they fell heavily on the floor, he darted forward and laid his hand iipon the clock-case. But no human power could open it. Joe was holding H inside with a death grasp. The old deacon began to be dreadfully frightened. He gave one more tug. An unearthly yell as of a fiend in distress, burst from the inside, and then the clock-case, pitched head-foremost at the deacon, fell headlong on Ihe floor, smashed its face end broke its fair proportions. The current of air ex tinguished the lump the deacon, the old lady and Jiauy neu un stairs, and joe mayweed, extricating himself from the lock, effected his escape in the same way in which he entered. ine next day all Applelon was olive with the story of how Deacon Barberry's clock had been bewitched, and though many believed this version, some, and espe, ially Joe Mayfield, affected to dis credit the whole afluir, hinting that the deacon had been trying the experiment of testing frozen rider, and that Ihe vagaries of the clock-case existed only in a distempered imagination. However, the interdict nemg tunen on, Joe was allowed to resume his courting, and won the con sent of the old people to his union with Sally, by repairing the old clocK nil it went as well as ever. The Sandwich Islanders have curious notions on the subject of buyinr end selling. They have not the least idea how valuable time in itself may be, and a man coming to market with perhaps a dozen of eggs a thing that very frequently happens will smut down on the ground with his eggs in a flat calabash on his knees or by his side, and offer them for a certain price which he has made up in his mind to get for them. Offer him five cents less for the whole, he will only shake his bond, quite indifferent how long he may have to wait for another customer, and sit there the next day just as patiently with his dozen eggs nf if his life de pended upon these few cents. The natives, on the same principle, carry turkeys over the pall or abyss that divides the island into two parts, a distance of at least six or eight miles, to Honolulu, and fix a certain price for the birds but if yon want to buy them in their own houses, saving the men the trouble and labor of c irrving the heavy birds such a long distan- e, and employing in the motf vord ble case at least a whole day of their time, they would not yield I single cent of the sum once fix ed upon s ma price ot tne ones) ume and travel ling, in short, they do not count, and that prica they must fetch. Captains of vessels, therefore, buy all the product they need just as cheaply in I Ihe market u they would do in the very hornea of the market people. HmtJawml. The American Japanese Expedition. The United States 6team frigate Mis sissippi, Capt. Leenrrived here on the 20th instant and left this for China on the 29th. this is one ef tho fleet des tined for the expedition to Japan. Tho result of this demonstration will be kno wn before the close of the year. Should it be successful it will exert a great influ ence on the commercial and political affairs of this part of the world, A largo, ' populous, and comparatively civilized Em pire will be thrown open to commercial enterprise, and a new outlet will thus bo be made tor European manufactures which cannot fail ultimately to became extremely valuable to tho commerco of lMirope and America. But even should tho first efforts of the United States Go vernment to establish relation with Japan prove unsuccessful, it is not likely that it will thereupon Relinquish its purposo Fnrther measures will be adopted, and it may be assumed that the result desired will sooner or latter bo brought about. Having thus entored upon a different cottr se of policy from that which has hitherto appeared to characterize the United Sta tes government viz: an abstinence from interference in distant quarters, we cannot suppose they will stop short and content themselves with their operations in Japan. It is probable that they will next endeavor to obtain a looting in Chi na and Chnsan, which was too foolishly given np, by tho English, will probable, ere many years elapse, he an American settlement, iliere will bo no lack ol occasion for a quarrel with tho Chinese if that is needed for the accomplishment of the plains of tho United States. They havo a plenipotentiary in Chnia, and he must be ill versed in the business of his craft if he cannot find cause tor an offence when tho proper timo has arrived. In tho Indian Archipelago America has a wide an inviting field for the enterprise of her stirring and adventurous citizens, and in nnv operations which they may un dertake in that locality they will bo free from tho treaty engagements which have been found so'resuittivo.of English en terprise in this quarter. There is no thing to prevent the Americans from for ming settlements nnd endeavoring to do velope commercial resources of New Or leans, Borneo, Celebes, or any other quarter of Indian Archipelago not in actual occupation of European powers, We should not regret, seeing the Ameri cans talco such a practical interest in the affairs of the Archipelago, as it is cleat tlm Dutch will not aid in opening the Archipelago, to other nations, and the English government has for so mnny years persisted in vacillating an incon sistent but in general obstructivo course of policy that it is evident we can little expect any ellectunl assistcnco from it. lo the enterprise ot tho Americans we must therefore look for those measures which shall extend tho civilization and commerce of western nations among the Islands of the Indian nnd l'apuan Archi pelagos, whoso rich and various natural productions will repay the labors which may well bo bestowed in making them available. Sangopore Free Press. Immensity of Space. This extract from the Quinccy's on Lord Ross' Telescope, and tho wonderful na ture of its revelations, is well worthy of pornsal: God called up from dreams a man into the vestibule of heaven, saying 'Come thou hither and see the glory of myjhouso. And to tho servants that stood around his throne, he said "Take him and undress him from his robes of flesh, cleanse his vision, and put a now breath iuto his nostrils; only touch not with nny change his human heart the heart that weeps abd trembles . ' It was done; and with a mighty angel for his guide, tho man stood ready lor his infinite; and from tho terraces of heaven, without sound or farewell, at once they wheeled away into etidlcs space. Sometimes with tho so lemn flight of angels wings they fled through Zaaranphs of dnrkeness, thro'wil derncssess of death, that divided tho worlds of life: sometimes they swept over frontiers, that were quickening under prophetic motions of God. Then from a distance that is controlled only in heaven, light dawned for a time through a sleepy film, by unutterable pace the light swept to them, tiiey by unutterable pace to tho ÜL'lit: in a moment tho rushinu of planets was upon them; in a moment tho blazing of suns was around them. Then came eternities of twilight that rovealed. To tho right hand and to the left towered mighty constellations, that by self repe titions and answers from afar thai the counter position, built np triumphant gates whose arch ways horizontal, upright rested, rose at altitudes by spans that seemed ghostly from infinitude., Without measure tho architraves, past number were the archways, beyond me mory the gates. Within were stairs that saeled tho eternities above, that descen ded to the eternities below; above was below, was above to tho man stripped of gravitating body; deptlt was swallowed up , in height, insurmountable height wa swanoweu in cieptu unluthomable. Su. ddenly as thus they rode from iniiinte. suddenly they tilled over abysmal worlds, a mighty cry arose that systems moro mysterious, that worlds more billowy other heights, and other dopths were coming, were at hand, Then tiie man sighed, stopped, shuddered and wept. His overladenod heart uttered itself in tears; and he said Angel, I will go no further. For tho spirit of man aches with this infinity. Insufferable is tho glory ot'God. Let me lie down in the grave from tho persecutions of the infinity; for end I scothere is none. And from all tho lis. toning stars that shown around issued a choral voice, the man speaks truly, and there is none ever yet wo heard of," End tliero is none? tho angel solemnly de mand! Is there indeed no end? And is this sorrow that kills you! But no voice answered, that ho might answer himself. Then the angel threw nn his trlorious hands to the heavens, saying, 'End there is none to the Universe of God! Lol also there is no beginning. Way to Wealth. Nothing can bo truer than Mrs. Swisshelm's assertion in tho "Pittsburg Saturday Visitor, " that : - -1 i io t.Aiiiivnguiieo turn improvidence, ana nothing else, which keeps the laboring class in the power of capital. The way to becamo independent, continues Mrs. Swisshelm's is, "for every man to live on half ti is wages, or less, if possible, un til he buys and pays for an acre of ground, lences ii, mums on it a iiiitiso largo and close enough to shelter himself and fami ly from a winter storm. This is his fort. Then let him tako all tito time he now spends in taveres and other lounging piu cos, to lay in stores of nmtinition and provisions, in tho shape of useful know ledge gleaned from books and papers, and grape vines, trees, potatoes and cabbage growing in his enclosure. If ho plants every foot of it with something pleasant to the cyo and good for food, no tyrannical employer can starve him into anydegradingsuliinission." Mrs. Swiss helm's article on this subject ought to bo posted np in tho walls of every workshop in the country. Goon Manners. Many people who are very strict in their morality, are as careless of their manners us if tho cour tesies tnan its invoiiiies. lint they aro sadly mistaken; the influence of manners, gooil or bad, is immense : especially on the immediate happiness of society. In- eed, politeness, suavity, cliccrlulness. courtesy, gentleness, and'all those n me- less quulitics which goto makeup whar, we mean by "good manners, " aro to tbi weightier matters of life and charactr r, what oil is to machinery, making all go 1 smooth and safe, when otherwise every thing would go rough and wrong. The connection between manners nnd morals is closer than one is apt to imagine; and many a flagrant breacli of tho latter has been occasioned by inattention to the formal. Tho formal courtesies of the bar and bench, unmeaning as they seem, are of the greatest importance in maintaining the dignity of the courts. Considering that thevtry business of thefrum is dis putation, it is remarkable that any depth of hostility is seldom awakened between tho combatants; nnd this isowingmainlv to conventional forms of politeness. ''My learned brother, " is a much safer opening to a debate, even when the speaker is an. gry, than an exordium commencing with "Tho ignorant rascal who appears for the plaintiff in this suit." Gentío words favor gentío thoughts nnd actions, aud vice versa. Boston Statesman. The Golpen Agr. Nearly six years have elapsed, says the New York Herald, since tho discovery of gold was intuía in California, and within that time at least tow hundred millions of gold have been added to the currency of the world from that 60urso alone. Australia has not been so long in the field, and tho product has not, therefore, been so great. It would not bo far out of tho way to put the product of that conutry down at fifty millions of dollars. To bo within limit's we estimate the aggregate addition to the gold currency of tho world, within tho past six years, to he about two hundred and fifty millions of dollars.