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Santa fe lUcekln (Sajctte.
MmlpenuVnt in all things Neutral in nothing.' ATUEDW, HElTEMUUn 17, 1S53. Information has reached Governor Meriwether, through Doctor Stock, lato ludia Agent, that tho Moscaleros and other Apache Innians that rango in tho líiieruuieiito'und White Mountains to the: "f Doña Ana. havo recommenced hostilities. About tlia 20th of July two Mexicans, rcxideiits of Doña Ana, started to the wilt laki) which lies some distance to the cast, and ha.o not since returned, and no denbt remains but they have been murdered by tho Mescaleros. About the first of August tho same In dians attacked a party of California em igrants at Van Home's Spring, on the San Antonio road, and drovo off one hundred and fifty head of stock, and killed ten out of thirteen men, Ameri cans, who followed them to recover the stock. These men reached a point in the Sacramento Mountains, which is in the heart of the Mescalero country, and when passing through a deep caiion. or defile in the mountain, thoy were fired upon by the Indians, and ten out of the thirteen were instantly killed. Wo are unable to give any information about those men, do not know to what pait of the United States thoy belonged. Our fellow citizen John It. Tullía was attacked by those Indians on the same i fad, and lost twelve mules, and very narrowly escaped the loss of his own life. ' The rising of thoso Indians must be regarded as a serious evil, they have here tofore given much trouble, and occasion ed the loss of a large amount of property and tho lives of somo of ou best citizens. We trust that prompt measures will be taken to givo protection to our citizens. Election Frauds. We have pond reason to belicvo that the Galle en Ahli-chwvh party have perpetrated the most stupendous (rands during the late elections for Drlrgalt. We discovered lone before Hie day of election, tendency in the leading men of that parly to ruintnit any act of villany that circumstances illicit rcquiie, in order to secure the election of their rirluMM p idre. They spared no labor before the flection (lay, mill they shrunk from no fraud on that day that a depraved ingenuity could sug gest. Kvery one is aware of the trick which they prarlitnl In order to carry this county, anil by which they did actually succeed. To this dis au'iee.ihlc subject we will make no further allu sion. It is obvious to eveiy one that without the in fluence of foreigners, that is, Mexican citizens, Gov. Lane would have received perhaps a thou sand votes more than he actually obtained. Nut a single one of these men who signed away their citizenship and induced as many others as possible to do the same, is known to have favored the cause of Gov. Lane. On the contrary, they labored against him with augusto, such as "Patent Democracy" cannot give, but such as national an tipathy may Infuse into spiteful minds. National nntipilhy was the only element these citizens of Mexico rculd bring to bear against Gov. Lane, and they wed for nothing better. Such conduct ou the part of foreigners was, to injr the least of it, highly indelicate ; and common sense would deny them the right of interference, if the law and its expounders should not. The laws of the Territory allow the county of San Miguel as many as eight precincts; yet the almost Incredible fact appears to be established beyond a doubt, that as many as sixteen precincts were made use of on the election day. This barefaced and wholesale violation of the plain letter of the law, is so montrous and incred ible, that we doubt if our statements will be be lieved by our renders in the States. We venture to assert that during the last Presi dential election there were not cast as many frau dulent voles throughout the 32 Stales and the 2j.UnU.OUU of souls of the United Slates, as were it for (,'allcgos alone in the county of San Mi guel on the last election day. Large numbers of hoys are known to have voted, besides many who vole l more than once, and others who voted them .rli'.i and for others at the same time, in other woids, ballots were deposited for persons, and their names recorded, who were al the time many miles from the place of voting, and In all likeli hood voting in another precinct. Even here in tanta Fe where the friends of Lane loely watched the polls, many fraudulent voles were csl. A citizen of Mexico is known to have voted three times, by the aid of perjury, for Padre allvgui, anil what is still more astonishing, to lint e boasted of his infamous art. Kiery honest nun who is not afraid lo sny what lie kiuiw", must admit that Lane is the truly elected Delecte of the people of New Mexico Were the poll-hunks of the Gallegos party puiged of all their lasealily, Lane would unquestionably have obtained I clear majority of several hundred vules. A it in. however, they may mnge to out count linn by the practise of every condenable corrup tion. lint unless distioiesly in elections should be as tughly esteemed by others as it is hy themselves, t'uy will find their yiliany U recoil up n them uLes. , It is certainly high time that this eourse of poli tical depravity should be put an end to ; especially should it not be allowed to be openly practised by persons who arc not citizens of the United Slates, and who openly buast of their hostility to Ameri can institutions. We would in conclusion ask these gentlemen, these Mexican citizens, who we know to be men of influence, how they can reconcile it to their consciences to induce a. boy who they know is not old enough to exercise the right of voting, to go to the polls and perjure himself, for the purpose of obtaining a vote that they know is not legal? Would it not be more praiseworthy in them to set a better example before their young countrymen, by teaching them to abstain from such depravity? Until they do this, thre must always remain a reproach upon the Mexican choracter. We toke great pleasure in being able to announce to our readers the arrival of our enterprising fel low citizen, F. X. .tfubry, after an arduous and perilous trip, from California, bya new aim hither to untravelled route. Mr. Aubry left San Francisco the latter part of June, taking the route through the settlements in the Tulare Valley, a distance of three hundred miles to the Tejou pass in the Sierra Nevada, lati tude 31 30, being some twenty-five or thirty miles south of Walker's pass, From this point the party travelled due east eighty miles, and struck the Mohave rive, followed it forty miles, and left it to the south they then travelled east north east, striking the Itio Colorado of the west in about 35 30 north latitude. Tho distance from the Tcjon pass in the Sierra Nevada to where they struck the Rio Colorado is about 200 miles, the country level and free from sand, and plenty of water at distances of from ten to thirty miles. On the Mohave the land is rich, with plenty of grass, and some cotton-wood timber in the San Iiernadino mountains, about twenty miles south of the Muhave, there is a great abundance of large timber of superior quality. Where the party struck the Rio Colorado the country is level on both sides of the river, and the banks well suited for bridging the stream or for a ferry. The river is about two hundred yards wide and from ten to fifteen feet in depth, the current rapid mid very difficult to cross, The party were five days cross ing the river, which they accomplished by rafting over their baggage and swimming the mules. The Indians were around them in great numbers during the whole time they were crossing, but were kept at a distance by an occasional discharge from the rifles, of which they have a great dread. Gold was found, by washing the sand, on both sides of the river, in quantities sufficient to induce the belief that it abounds in great abundance but they wcro prevented from making a thorough ex amination on account of the scarcity of grass the animals having been five days without eating, the parly were compelled to move forward, which they did on the 28th of July, travelling due east seventy-live miles over a prairie country thence east south east under the foot of a range of moun tains on the north for some two hundred miles thence nearly due east for two hundred miles to the Pueblo ot Mi, whloh point thi-y reached on the 5th of September, Mr. Aubry states that from the time they left the Itio Colorado until they reached the neighbor hood of Zufii, they wore continually surrounded by indians ; fust by the Garroteros, who followed them for many days, shooting their arrows into camp, and seeking an opportunity to make a gene ral attack. On the Mlh of August a parly of those indians were allowed to approach the camp in consequence of a paper which they exhibited from tho corn minding oflicer at Fort Yunias recommending them as perfectly friendly. After they tame into camp they professed great friendship, had with them their women and children, and were entirely without arms but when Aubry's party commenced saddling up their mules, the indians made an at tack upon them with clubs, and some nine or ten were immediately knocked down, and for a mo ment the whole party seemed lo be overpowered ; but a timely shot fiom a rille throw the indians into confusion, and they were eventually put lo flight, leaving many dead upon the ground. Several of the Americans were badly hurt, but none were killed. The indians followed the party for seveial days, but made no other attack. After these Garroteros had left the party, they fell in with another tribo supposed to be the Apache Tontos) from these indians they obtained sonic horse-mca' and between one and two thou sand dollars worth of gold in small round lumps) of which the Indians had large quantities, using them as bullets, attaching no other value to them ; they bartered .them for any trifling article of old clothes. After the attack by the indians, the party were compelled to travel very slow on account of the wounded men, and were obliged to kill their mules and horses in order to procure meat to sustain life; among the animals thus eaten was Mr. Au bry's tine mare Solly, for which he had been of fered eight hundred dollars in California ) she had carried him some thousands of miles and through many ícenos of danger, and then rendered the last service by giving her own life to sustain that of her master. The route over which iMr. Aubry passed is in his opinion entirely practicable for either a wagon road or a railroad, quite as much so as any route of the same distance in any part of the United Stales through which he has passed. The country is level and well supplied with waler at distances never exceeding thirty-five miles, and timber can be had either immediately on the route, or in the mountains at short distances from it. The distance from San Francisco by the Tejon pass to vJIbuquerqiie, over the route which Mr. Aubry travelled, will not exceed 1100 miles. The country abounds in gold, silver, and copper, the latter metal was found in great quantities, and some of the specimens were uncommonly pure, Mr, Aubry has kept some few notes of his trip, which he designs submitting to the public, being very desirous to make them of use to Lieut. Whip ple, who, it was understood some time since, has been detailed by the Government to make an ex. ploration of the identical route over which Mr. Aubry has juit passed, but of whose whereabouts upto this tisje, wc havf no infoitnation. . OCT We are indebted to the politeness of Mr Pincknoy It. Tully, who returned from California in company with Mr. Aubry, for late San Francisco papers. Mr JTulley was in tho fight with tho Garotoros, and received a severe wound on the head. These Indians fight mostly with clubs, and uso them with great dexterity. Uy A day or two since we received a packago from our friend F. X. Aubry who has lately returned from California. The ppfkngo wns hnndomply put up to onr address, and marked "a present," of courso wo expected to find something that would excito tho curiosity and ad miration of our friends, as we knew Mr. Aubry geneally acquitted himself in a becoming manner in matters of this kind. Wo carefully unfolded tho package, when our curiosity was startled at the sight of, not a livo Garotero Indian, but the scalp of ono folded up in its long flowing locks of hair, We quietly re placed tho envelope, remarking to onr self that the chap who had wore that, "waked up the wrong passenger" when he started Aubry. We have 6ince learn ed that our present was taken from an Indian that was killed in tho battlo on the Hth of August, mentioned in another colu mn. j The Southern Mail. This mail reached here on the 14th hist., making time, as it always has done since Capt. tkillman obtained his new contract. Our friend and fellow townsman, Mr. Wm. Mitchell, came as passenger from the States by this route. He speaks m high favnr of the mode of travelling, the fare, and the means of safety both to life and properly. The energetic contractor, with his able and experienced conductor and others, cannot fail soon to give this route a reputation for safety, pleasantness and speed j and so soon a they shall have accomplish ed that ohj'.'ct, every traveller to and from New Mexico, being relieved from apprehension, will certainly take it either going or coming, and per haps in all cases during the winter months. We wish them success and good luck. The roads from San Antonio to F.I Paso are in excellent condition, water and grass in abundance. The news from the States aro not of much gene ral interest. We cheerfully call the attention of ouj readers and merchants of this Territory to the advertise ment of "J.is. E. Sabine & Co." Jewellers, of this oily. This is the way to do business, and one that will repay in a short time its first cost, and a hundred per cent to boot, and one too that might very generally be adopted by our merchants with certain success. We never could, nor,wc presume, ever shall we be able to solve tho mysterious problem, why our merchants, who, generally speak ing, arc liberal enough in other matters, should cherish such an invincible and obdurate antipathy to revealing to the public, through the medium of their local and only journal, everything they may have for sale. Nor, we must confess, can we per cicve the policy or tho economy of putting close under roof and key everything as it arrives, with out publishing to the world that such and such things "are now for sale here." Nolhing like publicity and advertisements for a merchant's business, New Publications. 7'ic New York Journal, a weekly illustrated literary periodical, consisting of sixteen pages quarto, handsomely printed on superior paper. The plan of the "Journal" em bodies features peculiarly its own, and entirely distinctive in form, style and contents from any of its American cotemporarics. II is published at the extreme low price of ono dollar per annum in ad vance to mail subscribers. Tho determination and aim of the proprietors is to establish the cheapest, handsomest, and most ((tractive Journal in the Union. The Editorial Department is in careful and capable hands, and affords Weekly a graphic and pleasing picture of Life and Manners, Men and Tilings, as illustrated by the ever-passing inci dents in the History of the Present. Agents want ed in all parts of the Union to solicit subscriptions for the above Work. A liberal percentage allow ed, ípplyj post-paid, to the Publisher, 75 Nassau St. N. York. We have just received the first number of this interesting and excellent Journal. We have very carefully looked over this number, and are well pleased with both the style and selection of the articles, and the execution of the Work itself. If this number is but a fair specimen of its future numbers, we confidently predict that it will be come one of the leading Journals in the United States. This is one of the few periodicals we shall carefully file to refer to with pleasure. Suc cess attend their labors. A LiaiiT mistake. 'Where's Harry Lee, that I've heard ye bawling after all night ?' asked a quizzical old lady passenger, of the captain, after a night of beating up a narrow channel, as he called Tom, Joe, Dick and Ben, to get their morn ing grog. 'No such man in the ship, Ma'm.' 'Well, I declare, that is singler, when I've heard ye ycllin' for him every little while all night.' Perhaps you heard us sing out hard a lee?' 'Ah yes, that's the name. Hardy Lee. But why don't you call him up to get his grog? I'm sure the poor feller's arnt it.' The mate explained the meaning of the nautical term, and the old lady hobbled off below, protest ing against such ambergritty of nautical phrases, 'Doctor,' said a young mis3 of the high heeled modesty school, 'Ma Bent me to tell you that sister Maria Euphemia Duley Minerva Rhody Jane Smith has got a sore above the wrist of her j left foot, between the' wrist and shoulder !' . CHAMETE, N. M. , , SEl'TEMBEE 13, 1853. Mr Editor: ' ' Presuming that you yould like to know what is going on hero, I tako tho liberty of writing yon a few of the passing ovents. The United States District Court is now in session, and things wear a lively appearance in this lonely village. The Hon. John S. Watts is presiding as Judge. lie gives great satisfaction to tho bar, litigants, and the public, by his dignified and impartial bearing when upon the bench ; and his urbano and gcntlmanly conduct when off the bench. No public oflicer has devoted himself moro a3du ously to his duties than Judge Watts, or has been more successful in giving satis faction to tho public. There aro several members of the bar here ; Mr Qninn, and Mr Whcaton from Taos, and most of tho Santa F5 bar. Our Indian Agent, Capt. E. A. Graves, is hero on oflicial business, investigating two cases of horse-stealing, where the Indians alledgo and charge that tho Mex icans havo 6tolcn two horses from them. We havo no doubt Capt. Graves will thor oughly investigate theso charges and ren der firm but impartial justice. Thero aro rumors importing that tho Arappahos, Kiawas, and other Indians of tho plains aro about to invado the Utah country for tho purpose of making war upon tho Utahs. Wo learn from Capt. Graves that there seems to be much commotion among tho Utahs in regard to this matter, as some of the principal chiefs havo called upon him within a few days soliciting powder and ball, llow this matter will terminate, if thero bo any reality in theso rumors wo cannot tell. If they confine their marauding and fighting among themselves it will do ; but many of our citizens are apprehen sive that this will not bo tho case. Capt. Graves 'reports that tho Indians profess friendship and a desiro for peace, but at the same timo press their claims for pro visions and presents. Theso Indians, tho Utahs and Arappa hos wo trust will receive such presents and bounties as may bo suitablo and prop er. If tho expenditure of a few hundred dollars in presents will keep these Indi ans quiet wo apprehend the new author ities will not hesitate in making them. Tho very fact that theso Indians are wild and desperato when engaged in the commission of crime, is an additional rea son why they should bo quieted, if the cxpendituro of a few hundred dollars will do it. It is duo to tho Indians by treaty stipulations, and it is a duty the govern ment owes the citizens of New Mexico to keep tho Indians quiet. Major Cunningham, Paymaster U. S. Army, is hero on oflicial business ; the Major is looking well, and seems to be quite a favorite, both in tho Army and out of it. Tho government has no truer man in its servico than Major Cunning ham, ho is a faithful public officer, and commands the confidence of all who know him. Tho business of tho Court is progress ing quietly, and will be completed in two or threo days. ElO DEL NOKTE. Paying the Printer The following extract from an ancient manuscript, found in an antiquated bake-oven, explains the origin of the manner in which printers are generally paid: And Flintskinner, the mighty ruler of the Squash-heads, having called his chief officers to his side, commanded them thus! . 'Go ye into all my dominions, and command my people to gather together their treasures, even to a farthing, and pay all their debts even the very smallest.' The officers did as they were commanded ; and after a certain Ume, the ruler called them again unto him, and demanded of them how his orders had been obeyed. 'O mighty Flintskinner,' they replied, 'your commands were heard throughout the land, and fulfilled, for your people are obedient.' 'And is every debt paid?' . 'Yea, even the smallest.' 'Are the merchants, the manufacturers, the la borers paid ?' 'All paid.' , 'Are the tobacco and whisky bills settled ?' 'All, all,' ' 'And have my people been provident? Have they laid up a sufficiency to feed their cats and dogs?' 'Yea, they have even done this,' replied the officers, 'Well, my people are worthy. Now, go ye again unto them, and if there be anything left, tell them to take it and pay the printer.' After some time the officers relumed. 'Are the printers paid ? said Flintskinner. 'No, O mighty Chief; for verily the people re sponded unto us that there was nothing left.' 'Then let the printers go to tho devil '; Ger. .Emporium. ,,. . Love and Wouen. 7 BV EI.I.EN J.OCIHE. "Love is as natural to a women, as sa fragrance to a rose. You may lock a girljup in a convent may causo her to chango her religion, or forswear her parents these things aro possible; but never hope to make tho sex for-swear heart-worship, or give up devotion to ca6simeres for such hope will prove as bootless as tho Greek slavo, and as hollow as a bamboo!" N. Y. Dutchman. What impudence! Yoiiineflablodonkeyi Devotion to enssimcres, forsooth! Slpeeny old bachelor that you are! Who does not know into what a fever you aro put by tho very sight of a bonnet! How yon did chase up and down Stato street last week, after that girl in a bino mantilla? Didn't tho perspiration star out attcvery pore, I should like to know, when she .dropped her handkerchief a pretty one it was, with its lace and embroidery, and you, in tho very rapture of picking it up, discovered that your inamorata was a colored pusson! Didn't you jump into au omnibus rather quickly that timo, and seizo tho first woman s baby you could lay your hands on, as'athank offer ing for your deliverance. I wonder who it is that levels an eye glass so perseveringly at tho dross-boxes in the theatro, and comments so intelli. gently on ankles and dancing girls? '"Devotion to cassimcres." I am wax ing indignant! Did yon ever see a lady follow one of Genin's best hats down Broadway, through East 22d, and into 5th avenue? I should just like to know! I wonder what man of tho whole of you hasn't been down on your knees, and begged and plead somo scornful little fairy to save his life. Did yon ever seo a woman do that same? No, don't deny it if you do, I'll just speak obout that time when you knelt to my little school girl majesty in the parlor of tho Ameri can House, and tell now tho first and last corn I ever had on my toes in my life came there, in consequence of our making them a cushion to kneel on. You woul dn't wondered I said no, if you,d known how thoso toes ached. Ila! ha! who would expect sweet wine to be made out of sour (rapes! Idon't wonder, sir, that your whole nature has been soured by many disappointments, but, see here, do just be careful to keep truth on your side do now, won't you? Useful Discoveries. -In tho London correspondence of (ho Mobile Daily Ad vertiser, wo find mention mado of the recent organization of a company termed tho "Elctric Power and Color Company." For some time after the stock had been taken up, few had any idea as to the pre ciso objects and nature of tho company, but it now appears that they have pur chased somo turco or four patents of a most valuable nature injwhieh electricity is nsed as the agent, for light and col origin. Their first sale of aright was made a few weeks since to the Citizen Steamship Company, whoso boats pylon tho Thames. Ono of these wa3 fitted with one electric lamp and parabolic, re flector on each paddle box, and at 9 P. M. started from London Bridge for Gra vesend. Tho night was dark as Erebus, but no sooner were the lamps put in order than both sides of the river wero illumi nated up as though by magic. So inten sely vivid and powerful was tho light that tho smallest object on the water and on tho shore could be discerned within a circle of at least a quarter of a milo. Tho light is very cheap and will undoub tedly soon came into general use. Newspaper Fnis. Even tho poorest newspaper published in the world is worth being filed away for futuro refe rence. They aro sure to come up somo day as important reminiscences, and even as evidence in important law-suits. We see this daily illustrated. Persons aro constantly calling to examino our files, and not a circuit court is held but that some ono andjiften two orjthree connec ted with our olt'ice, receives a summons to attend with files of tho paper to be used in evidence. This subjects us at times to no little annoyancebesides loss,. of timo. Wo do not notieo tho matter, however for the purpose of complaining, but to suggest that tho archives of every county in which a paper is published, should contain afilo of such paper, and some provision should bo mado by law to make it tho duty of tho Probate Judge', or clerk of tho circuit court, or both, to provide and preserve these files. Such is. . the Jaw in several of tho States of tho Union, and such law should be establi shed in Alabama. Montgommj Ad vertiser. B3T A cnpitUist being asked what he thought', of the innumerable new speculations now afloat, replied: 'They are like a cold bath j to derive any benefit from which it is necessary to be very quick in andi very soon cmf. , E5" 'What do you use to make yourself look so delicate?' said one woman with an eruption on. her face, to another who looked like ono of the departed. , 'Why,' said the lady, 'sometimes I eat elate pen cils and chalk, and then for 1 change drink vinegar -' and chew green tea. When these fail, I lace my-' self tighter and wear the thinnest soled shoes that' I can buy.' ' ' .'.,,