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Santa fe lUcekln (Sajctte.
MmlpenuVnt in all things Neutral in nothing.'
ATUEDW, HElTEMUUn 17, 1S53.
Information has reached Governor
Meriwether, through Doctor Stock, lato
ludia Agent, that tho Moscaleros and
other Apache Innians that rango in tho
líiieruuieiito'und White Mountains to the:
"f Doña Ana. havo recommenced
About tlia 20th of July two Mexicans,
rcxideiits of Doña Ana, started to the
wilt laki) which lies some distance to the
cast, and ha.o not since returned, and
no denbt remains but they have been
murdered by tho Mescaleros.
About the first of August tho same In
dians attacked a party of California em
igrants at Van Home's Spring, on the
San Antonio road, and drovo off one
hundred and fifty head of stock, and
killed ten out of thirteen men, Ameri
cans, who followed them to recover the
stock. These men reached a point in
the Sacramento Mountains, which is in
the heart of the Mescalero country, and
when passing through a deep caiion. or
defile in the mountain, thoy were fired
upon by the Indians, and ten out of the
thirteen were instantly killed. Wo are
unable to give any information about
those men, do not know to what pait of
the United States thoy belonged.
Our fellow citizen John It. Tullía was
attacked by those Indians on the same
i fad, and lost twelve mules, and very
narrowly escaped the loss of his own life.
' The rising of thoso Indians must be
regarded as a serious evil, they have here
tofore given much trouble, and occasion
ed the loss of a large amount of property
and tho lives of somo of ou best citizens.
We trust that prompt measures will be
taken to givo protection to our citizens.
We have pond reason to belicvo that the Galle
en Ahli-chwvh party have perpetrated the most
stupendous (rands during the late elections for
We discovered lone before Hie day of election,
tendency in the leading men of that parly to
ruintnit any act of villany that circumstances
illicit rcquiie, in order to secure the election of
their rirluMM p idre. They spared no labor before
the flection (lay, mill they shrunk from no fraud
on that day that a depraved ingenuity could sug
gest. Kvery one is aware of the trick which they
prarlitnl In order to carry this county, anil by
which they did actually succeed. To this dis
au'iee.ihlc subject we will make no further allu
sion. It is obvious to eveiy one that without the in
fluence of foreigners, that is, Mexican citizens,
Gov. Lane would have received perhaps a thou
sand votes more than he actually obtained.
Nut a single one of these men who signed away
their citizenship and induced as many others as
possible to do the same, is known to have favored
the cause of Gov. Lane. On the contrary, they
labored against him with augusto, such as "Patent
Democracy" cannot give, but such as national an
tipathy may Infuse into spiteful minds. National
nntipilhy was the only element these citizens of
Mexico rculd bring to bear against Gov. Lane,
and they wed for nothing better.
Such conduct ou the part of foreigners was, to
injr the least of it, highly indelicate ; and common
sense would deny them the right of interference, if
the law and its expounders should not.
The laws of the Territory allow the county of
San Miguel as many as eight precincts; yet the
almost Incredible fact appears to be established
beyond a doubt, that as many as sixteen precincts
were made use of on the election day.
This barefaced and wholesale violation of the
plain letter of the law, is so montrous and incred
ible, that we doubt if our statements will be be
lieved by our renders in the States.
We venture to assert that during the last Presi
dential election there were not cast as many frau
dulent voles throughout the 32 Stales and the
2j.UnU.OUU of souls of the United Slates, as were
it for (,'allcgos alone in the county of San Mi
guel on the last election day. Large numbers of
hoys are known to have voted, besides many who
vole l more than once, and others who voted them
.rli'.i and for others at the same time, in other
woids, ballots were deposited for persons, and
their names recorded, who were al the time many
miles from the place of voting, and In all likeli
hood voting in another precinct.
Even here in tanta Fe where the friends of Lane
loely watched the polls, many fraudulent voles
were csl. A citizen of Mexico is known to have
voted three times, by the aid of perjury, for Padre
allvgui, anil what is still more astonishing, to
lint e boasted of his infamous art.
Kiery honest nun who is not afraid lo sny what
lie kiuiw", must admit that Lane is the truly elected
Delecte of the people of New Mexico Were
the poll-hunks of the Gallegos party puiged of all
their lasealily, Lane would unquestionably have
obtained I clear majority of several hundred
A it in. however, they may mnge to out count
linn by the practise of every condenable corrup
tion. lint unless distioiesly in elections should be as
tughly esteemed by others as it is hy themselves,
t'uy will find their yiliany U recoil up n them
It is certainly high time that this eourse of poli
tical depravity should be put an end to ; especially
should it not be allowed to be openly practised by
persons who arc not citizens of the United Slates,
and who openly buast of their hostility to Ameri
We would in conclusion ask these gentlemen,
these Mexican citizens, who we know to be men
of influence, how they can reconcile it to their
consciences to induce a. boy who they know is not
old enough to exercise the right of voting, to go to
the polls and perjure himself, for the purpose of
obtaining a vote that they know is not legal?
Would it not be more praiseworthy in them to set
a better example before their young countrymen,
by teaching them to abstain from such depravity?
Until they do this, thre must always remain a
reproach upon the Mexican choracter.
We toke great pleasure in being able to announce
to our readers the arrival of our enterprising fel
low citizen, F. X. .tfubry, after an arduous and
perilous trip, from California, bya new aim hither
to untravelled route.
Mr. Aubry left San Francisco the latter part of
June, taking the route through the settlements in
the Tulare Valley, a distance of three hundred
miles to the Tejou pass in the Sierra Nevada, lati
tude 31 30, being some twenty-five or thirty
miles south of Walker's pass, From this point
the party travelled due east eighty miles, and
struck the Mohave rive, followed it forty miles,
and left it to the south they then travelled east
north east, striking the Itio Colorado of the west
in about 35 30 north latitude. Tho distance
from the Tcjon pass in the Sierra Nevada to where
they struck the Rio Colorado is about 200 miles,
the country level and free from sand, and plenty
of water at distances of from ten to thirty miles.
On the Mohave the land is rich, with plenty of
grass, and some cotton-wood timber in the San
Iiernadino mountains, about twenty miles south of
the Muhave, there is a great abundance of large
timber of superior quality. Where the party
struck the Rio Colorado the country is level on
both sides of the river, and the banks well suited
for bridging the stream or for a ferry. The river
is about two hundred yards wide and from ten to
fifteen feet in depth, the current rapid mid very
difficult to cross, The party were five days cross
ing the river, which they accomplished by rafting
over their baggage and swimming the mules.
The Indians were around them in great numbers
during the whole time they were crossing, but
were kept at a distance by an occasional discharge
from the rifles, of which they have a great dread.
Gold was found, by washing the sand, on both
sides of the river, in quantities sufficient to induce
the belief that it abounds in great abundance but
they wcro prevented from making a thorough ex
amination on account of the scarcity of grass the
animals having been five days without eating, the
parly were compelled to move forward, which
they did on the 28th of July, travelling due east
seventy-live miles over a prairie country thence
east south east under the foot of a range of moun
tains on the north for some two hundred miles
thence nearly due east for two hundred miles to
the Pueblo ot Mi, whloh point thi-y reached on
the 5th of September,
Mr. Aubry states that from the time they left
the Itio Colorado until they reached the neighbor
hood of Zufii, they wore continually surrounded
by indians ; fust by the Garroteros, who followed
them for many days, shooting their arrows into
camp, and seeking an opportunity to make a gene
On the Mlh of August a parly of those indians
were allowed to approach the camp in consequence
of a paper which they exhibited from tho corn
minding oflicer at Fort Yunias recommending
them as perfectly friendly. After they tame into
camp they professed great friendship, had with
them their women and children, and were entirely
without arms but when Aubry's party commenced
saddling up their mules, the indians made an at
tack upon them with clubs, and some nine or ten
were immediately knocked down, and for a mo
ment the whole party seemed lo be overpowered ;
but a timely shot fiom a rille throw the indians
into confusion, and they were eventually put lo
flight, leaving many dead upon the ground. Several
of the Americans were badly hurt, but none were
killed. The indians followed the party for seveial
days, but made no other attack.
After these Garroteros had left the party, they
fell in with another tribo supposed to be the
Apache Tontos) from these indians they obtained
sonic horse-mca' and between one and two thou
sand dollars worth of gold in small round lumps)
of which the Indians had large quantities, using
them as bullets, attaching no other value to them ;
they bartered .them for any trifling article of old
After the attack by the indians, the party were
compelled to travel very slow on account of the
wounded men, and were obliged to kill their mules
and horses in order to procure meat to sustain
life; among the animals thus eaten was Mr. Au
bry's tine mare Solly, for which he had been of
fered eight hundred dollars in California ) she had
carried him some thousands of miles and through
many ícenos of danger, and then rendered the last
service by giving her own life to sustain that of
The route over which iMr. Aubry passed is in
his opinion entirely practicable for either a wagon
road or a railroad, quite as much so as any route
of the same distance in any part of the United
Stales through which he has passed.
The country is level and well supplied with
waler at distances never exceeding thirty-five
miles, and timber can be had either immediately
on the route, or in the mountains at short distances
from it. The distance from San Francisco by the
Tejon pass to vJIbuquerqiie, over the route which
Mr. Aubry travelled, will not exceed 1100 miles.
The country abounds in gold, silver, and copper,
the latter metal was found in great quantities, and
some of the specimens were uncommonly pure,
Mr, Aubry has kept some few notes of his trip,
which he designs submitting to the public, being
very desirous to make them of use to Lieut. Whip
ple, who, it was understood some time since, has
been detailed by the Government to make an ex.
ploration of the identical route over which Mr.
Aubry has juit passed, but of whose whereabouts
upto this tisje, wc havf no infoitnation.
. OCT We are indebted to the politeness
of Mr Pincknoy It. Tully, who returned
from California in company with Mr.
Aubry, for late San Francisco papers.
Mr JTulley was in tho fight with tho
Garotoros, and received a severe wound
on the head.
These Indians fight mostly with clubs,
and uso them with great dexterity.
Uy A day or two since we received a
packago from our friend F. X. Aubry
who has lately returned from California.
The ppfkngo wns hnndomply put up to
onr address, and marked "a present," of
courso wo expected to find something
that would excito tho curiosity and ad
miration of our friends, as we knew Mr.
Aubry geneally acquitted himself in a
becoming manner in matters of this kind.
Wo carefully unfolded tho package,
when our curiosity was startled at the
sight of, not a livo Garotero Indian, but
the scalp of ono folded up in its long
flowing locks of hair, We quietly re
placed tho envelope, remarking to onr
self that the chap who had wore that,
"waked up the wrong passenger" when
he started Aubry. We have 6ince learn
ed that our present was taken from an
Indian that was killed in tho battlo on
the Hth of August, mentioned in another
colu mn. j
The Southern Mail.
This mail reached here on the 14th hist., making
time, as it always has done since Capt. tkillman
obtained his new contract. Our friend and fellow
townsman, Mr. Wm. Mitchell, came as passenger
from the States by this route. He speaks m high
favnr of the mode of travelling, the fare, and the
means of safety both to life and properly. The
energetic contractor, with his able and experienced
conductor and others, cannot fail soon to give
this route a reputation for safety, pleasantness and
speed j and so soon a they shall have accomplish
ed that ohj'.'ct, every traveller to and from New
Mexico, being relieved from apprehension, will
certainly take it either going or coming, and per
haps in all cases during the winter months. We
wish them success and good luck.
The roads from San Antonio to F.I Paso are in
excellent condition, water and grass in abundance.
The news from the States aro not of much gene
We cheerfully call the attention of ouj readers
and merchants of this Territory to the advertise
ment of "J.is. E. Sabine & Co." Jewellers, of
this oily. This is the way to do business, and one
that will repay in a short time its first cost, and
a hundred per cent to boot, and one too that might
very generally be adopted by our merchants with
certain success. We never could, nor,wc presume,
ever shall we be able to solve tho mysterious
problem, why our merchants, who, generally speak
ing, arc liberal enough in other matters, should
cherish such an invincible and obdurate antipathy
to revealing to the public, through the medium of
their local and only journal, everything they may
have for sale. Nor, we must confess, can we per
cicve the policy or tho economy of putting close
under roof and key everything as it arrives, with
out publishing to the world that such and such
things "are now for sale here." Nolhing like
publicity and advertisements for a merchant's
New Publications. 7'ic New York Journal,
a weekly illustrated literary periodical, consisting
of sixteen pages quarto, handsomely printed on
superior paper. The plan of the "Journal" em
bodies features peculiarly its own, and entirely
distinctive in form, style and contents from any of
its American cotemporarics. II is published at the
extreme low price of ono dollar per annum in ad
vance to mail subscribers. Tho determination and
aim of the proprietors is to establish the cheapest,
handsomest, and most ((tractive Journal in the
Union. The Editorial Department is in careful
and capable hands, and affords Weekly a graphic
and pleasing picture of Life and Manners, Men
and Tilings, as illustrated by the ever-passing inci
dents in the History of the Present. Agents want
ed in all parts of the Union to solicit subscriptions
for the above Work. A liberal percentage allow
ed, ípplyj post-paid, to the Publisher,
75 Nassau St. N. York.
We have just received the first number of this
interesting and excellent Journal. We have very
carefully looked over this number, and are well
pleased with both the style and selection of the
articles, and the execution of the Work itself. If
this number is but a fair specimen of its future
numbers, we confidently predict that it will be
come one of the leading Journals in the United
States. This is one of the few periodicals we
shall carefully file to refer to with pleasure. Suc
cess attend their labors.
A LiaiiT mistake. 'Where's Harry Lee, that
I've heard ye bawling after all night ?' asked a
quizzical old lady passenger, of the captain, after
a night of beating up a narrow channel, as he
called Tom, Joe, Dick and Ben, to get their morn
'No such man in the ship, Ma'm.'
'Well, I declare, that is singler, when I've heard
ye ycllin' for him every little while all night.'
Perhaps you heard us sing out hard a lee?'
'Ah yes, that's the name. Hardy Lee. But
why don't you call him up to get his grog? I'm
sure the poor feller's arnt it.'
The mate explained the meaning of the nautical
term, and the old lady hobbled off below, protest
ing against such ambergritty of nautical phrases,
'Doctor,' said a young mis3 of the high
heeled modesty school, 'Ma Bent me to tell you
that sister Maria Euphemia Duley Minerva Rhody
Jane Smith has got a sore above the wrist of her
j left foot, between the' wrist and shoulder !' .
CHAMETE, N. M.
, , SEl'TEMBEE 13, 1853.
Mr Editor: ' '
Presuming that you yould
like to know what is going on hero, I
tako tho liberty of writing yon a few of
the passing ovents.
The United States District Court is
now in session, and things wear a lively
appearance in this lonely village. The
Hon. John S. Watts is presiding as
lie gives great satisfaction to tho bar,
litigants, and the public, by his dignified
and impartial bearing when upon the
bench ; and his urbano and gcntlmanly
conduct when off the bench. No public
oflicer has devoted himself moro a3du
ously to his duties than Judge Watts, or
has been more successful in giving satis
faction to tho public.
There aro several members of the bar
here ; Mr Qninn, and Mr Whcaton from
Taos, and most of tho Santa F5 bar.
Our Indian Agent, Capt. E. A. Graves,
is hero on oflicial business, investigating
two cases of horse-stealing, where the
Indians alledgo and charge that tho Mex
icans havo 6tolcn two horses from them.
We havo no doubt Capt. Graves will thor
oughly investigate theso charges and ren
der firm but impartial justice.
Thero aro rumors importing that tho
Arappahos, Kiawas, and other Indians
of tho plains aro about to invado the
Utah country for tho purpose of making
war upon tho Utahs. Wo learn from
Capt. Graves that there seems to be much
commotion among tho Utahs in regard
to this matter, as some of the principal
chiefs havo called upon him within a few
days soliciting powder and ball, llow
this matter will terminate, if thero bo
any reality in theso rumors wo cannot
tell. If they confine their marauding and
fighting among themselves it will do ;
but many of our citizens are apprehen
sive that this will not bo tho case. Capt.
Graves 'reports that tho Indians profess
friendship and a desiro for peace, but at
the same timo press their claims for pro
visions and presents.
Theso Indians, tho Utahs and Arappa
hos wo trust will receive such presents
and bounties as may bo suitablo and prop
er. If tho expenditure of a few hundred
dollars in presents will keep these Indi
ans quiet wo apprehend the new author
ities will not hesitate in making them.
Tho very fact that theso Indians are
wild and desperato when engaged in the
commission of crime, is an additional rea
son why they should bo quieted, if the
cxpendituro of a few hundred dollars will
do it. It is duo to tho Indians by treaty
stipulations, and it is a duty the govern
ment owes the citizens of New Mexico
to keep tho Indians quiet.
Major Cunningham, Paymaster U. S.
Army, is hero on oflicial business ; the
Major is looking well, and seems to be
quite a favorite, both in tho Army and
out of it. Tho government has no truer
man in its servico than Major Cunning
ham, ho is a faithful public officer, and
commands the confidence of all who know
Tho business of tho Court is progress
ing quietly, and will be completed in two
or threo days.
ElO DEL NOKTE.
Paying the Printer The following extract
from an ancient manuscript, found in an antiquated
bake-oven, explains the origin of the manner in
which printers are generally paid:
And Flintskinner, the mighty ruler of the
Squash-heads, having called his chief officers to
his side, commanded them thus! .
'Go ye into all my dominions, and command my
people to gather together their treasures, even to
a farthing, and pay all their debts even the very
The officers did as they were commanded ; and
after a certain Ume, the ruler called them again
unto him, and demanded of them how his orders
had been obeyed.
'O mighty Flintskinner,' they replied, 'your
commands were heard throughout the land, and
fulfilled, for your people are obedient.'
'And is every debt paid?' .
'Yea, even the smallest.'
'Are the merchants, the manufacturers, the la
borers paid ?'
'All paid.' ,
'Are the tobacco and whisky bills settled ?'
'All, all,' '
'And have my people been provident? Have
they laid up a sufficiency to feed their cats and
'Yea, they have even done this,' replied the
'Well, my people are worthy. Now, go ye
again unto them, and if there be anything left, tell
them to take it and pay the printer.'
After some time the officers relumed.
'Are the printers paid ? said Flintskinner.
'No, O mighty Chief; for verily the people re
sponded unto us that there was nothing left.'
'Then let the printers go to tho devil ';
Ger. .Emporium. ,,. .
Love and Wouen. 7
BV EI.I.EN J.OCIHE.
"Love is as natural to a women, as
sa fragrance to a rose. You may lock a
girljup in a convent may causo her to
chango her religion, or forswear her
parents these things aro possible; but
never hope to make tho sex for-swear
heart-worship, or give up devotion to
ca6simeres for such hope will prove as
bootless as tho Greek slavo, and as
hollow as a bamboo!" N. Y. Dutchman.
What impudence! Yoiiineflablodonkeyi
Devotion to enssimcres, forsooth! Slpeeny
old bachelor that you are! Who does not
know into what a fever you aro put by
tho very sight of a bonnet! How yon
did chase up and down Stato street last
week, after that girl in a bino mantilla?
Didn't tho perspiration star out attcvery
pore, I should like to know, when she
.dropped her handkerchief a pretty one
it was, with its lace and embroidery, and
you, in tho very rapture of picking it up,
discovered that your inamorata was a
colored pusson! Didn't you jump into
au omnibus rather quickly that timo,
and seizo tho first woman s baby you
could lay your hands on, as'athank offer
ing for your deliverance.
I wonder who it is that levels an eye
glass so perseveringly at tho dross-boxes
in the theatro, and comments so intelli.
gently on ankles and dancing girls?
'"Devotion to cassimcres." I am wax
ing indignant! Did yon ever see a lady
follow one of Genin's best hats down
Broadway, through East 22d, and into
5th avenue? I should just like to know!
I wonder what man of tho whole of you
hasn't been down on your knees, and
begged and plead somo scornful little
fairy to save his life. Did yon ever seo
a woman do that same? No, don't deny
it if you do, I'll just speak obout that
time when you knelt to my little school
girl majesty in the parlor of tho Ameri
can House, and tell now tho first and last
corn I ever had on my toes in my life
came there, in consequence of our making
them a cushion to kneel on. You woul
dn't wondered I said no, if you,d known
how thoso toes ached.
Ila! ha! who would expect sweet wine
to be made out of sour (rapes! Idon't
wonder, sir, that your whole nature has
been soured by many disappointments,
but, see here, do just be careful to keep
truth on your side do now, won't you?
Useful Discoveries. -In tho London
correspondence of (ho Mobile Daily Ad
vertiser, wo find mention mado of the
recent organization of a company termed
tho "Elctric Power and Color Company."
For some time after the stock had been
taken up, few had any idea as to the pre
ciso objects and nature of tho company,
but it now appears that they have pur
chased somo turco or four patents of a
most valuable nature injwhieh electricity
is nsed as the agent, for light and col
origin. Their first sale of aright was
made a few weeks since to the Citizen
Steamship Company, whoso boats pylon
tho Thames. Ono of these wa3 fitted
with one electric lamp and parabolic, re
flector on each paddle box, and at 9 P.
M. started from London Bridge for Gra
vesend. Tho night was dark as Erebus,
but no sooner were the lamps put in order
than both sides of the river wero illumi
nated up as though by magic. So inten
sely vivid and powerful was tho light
that tho smallest object on the water and
on tho shore could be discerned within a
circle of at least a quarter of a milo.
Tho light is very cheap and will undoub
tedly soon came into general use.
Newspaper Fnis. Even tho poorest
newspaper published in the world is
worth being filed away for futuro refe
rence. They aro sure to come up somo
day as important reminiscences, and even
as evidence in important law-suits. We
see this daily illustrated. Persons aro
constantly calling to examino our files,
and not a circuit court is held but that
some ono andjiften two orjthree connec
ted with our olt'ice, receives a summons
to attend with files of tho paper to be
used in evidence. This subjects us at
times to no little annoyancebesides loss,.
of timo. Wo do not notieo tho matter,
however for the purpose of complaining,
but to suggest that tho archives of every
county in which a paper is published,
should contain afilo of such paper, and
some provision should bo mado by law
to make it tho duty of tho Probate Judge',
or clerk of tho circuit court, or both, to
provide and preserve these files. Such is. .
the Jaw in several of tho States of tho
Union, and such law should be establi
shed in Alabama. Montgommj Ad
vertiser. B3T A cnpitUist being asked what he thought',
of the innumerable new speculations now afloat,
'They are like a cold bath j to derive any benefit
from which it is necessary to be very quick in andi
very soon cmf. ,
E5" 'What do you use to make yourself look
so delicate?' said one woman with an eruption on.
her face, to another who looked like ono of the
'Why,' said the lady, 'sometimes I eat elate pen
cils and chalk, and then for 1 change drink vinegar -'
and chew green tea. When these fail, I lace my-'
self tighter and wear the thinnest soled shoes that'
I can buy.' ' ' .'.,,