Newspaper Page Text
mi- . . m
' . fUJUSEMI.
I.ATIMEE & SWINDELLS,
'OarCountrj-kijr the alwayi be rifhtj bot rifhtor wronf-Oar Conotry. '
DALLAS, DALLAS COUNTY , TEXAS, SEI'.TKM U KU 13, 1858
CHE DlliliAS IIK.C.LIr.
ri'iiLiHiiKD wKKKir r
I. ATI MICH it SWINDI 1.1.8.
I. W. IHINHKLU.
-ii,. . i wliliia Mir aiouOi at lh lliiw of iulmtmi l Oil If
f i w it Itialt miimiH, a,4 4 al ll" M l la rr.
C ITISINU UffcrtlMaMnu will ht Iiiv4 at m 4
k, i-. ul i4 m Uua iw kM, (uf U Itnl inaMltna. am. nr
.! Men IiiniiIi Ihcia.rur. a a-lurilm, a. an aalf llia
iu.i r aa mule imlfM Ih affcUM l faar, ail tha
a unit, if m m ra iL&a aaa aquara, aill aa lus'rw al
xitwai aTeanalJalaa fur liaia ar Dlilrlrt aAon, f 10 1
I r H ffrtlaraiffolt, Ilia lnMleilloa af liltH It wUli-l i
! igi at p. Id a lu ailffanni ami aw an d.iiwff
rr-i! i rait u d.junnl fna,aa adaliianal charga at fl wr
an i - ;;ha wnla.
' ". arilolaa, adnata la ar tMaana, will ea
j limit! ihff aluira raua.
I ' i ifarilaMMiill Ml rki vltk'Ua naaibffr af Inamlani
aiaUauat uolll iilwffiH dlnetva, ainlcaaiiad acaurainf
I i aartatn, ailnrtlMra, ana inu raaill awnaj lut
1 1 - r 'k ami aipta.
I rn aamnunlrailoM aiuil bt addrtMal w Uii Uliar.
"i r patriotic and eloquent Vic Pretident,
Jii. '. llreckenridge, recently made on of hit
1 1 vi-rful speeches bofore hi fullow-citUen of
Hurenea Ky., on the political diaputo of tin
day. ' have only room for the folllowmg ihort
'1 he Kansas question was but an gplsod.
The crura pureucd by the Republican party re
,T irl i. Kenan wa butan incident in tho pohoy
uf ti nt party whioli hae now the overahaduwiiiR
t ili'.ii J uowor in the North. Tho purpo.ee of
tl.. it i' irtj were broader and deeper than a rout'
ln.'o to the Administration in Kanaue is botuk
. n. il I la mil iii v waa certainly to nroront the ad'
mi.i'.ii nf anv mora eluve States into the Union.
Hiwl ultiinutolv aholitionize all the States. That
(hii mi the polioy of the party, was Inevitable
ir.ihi its antecedents. Loeically it could not be
iith-rwiae. Iloro the speaker guve a gnnorai re
i' w cf the slavery question up to' 1M20 up to
liirli time slave andafroo States had boon admit
led indiscriminately, and whon intervention
iii;.iiii.-t slavo Staiei eommenccd
Ti e Wilmot Proviso movement, and the reac.
timi that followed wore rehearsed, and it was re.
hit .'d how the anti-slavery sentiment of the
WrUi had bcon broadening, dcepeninir and ruxh
hi: in o more rapid cufront. The pcoplo of Kon
t n kv, he thought, had nut appreciated tho scope
an ', frrco or the anti slavery movement, mo
)t .,n' liean party wan now the moat powerful in
tin I nion, unless the National Democracy wern
t'm f(roncr. No party but the Ocmocratio
.Hill withst nd it anywhere. It was, as an or
g r,'z:ition, strong, compact, oarnest, rcsoluto
ai. i hopeful. And darkly deceived wero those
w) ; fiought that it concoivod its work to be
. miiiii.'d to anti-Lcromptonisro. Its aims were
to V.-' p out all new slave States In all latitudus,
to obtain the preponderance in tho General CJov
dntii nt, and to use power to oboliHhshivniy ev
crvwbero, He Would, to show its purposes,
r -i.l I' -niii the speeches of tho representative men
of tliy party, men holoncinji to the body over
i .i , . i
wtij.il: he liaa ine nonor u presiun. iinu wiui
vlii.ir. it was his duty, a it was his pleasuro, to
rnlii.Mte kindly personal relations. Ilfl rend
fr.i'n : fiery ultra speech of Senator Wilson, and
tiien f.'oiu one whom ha styled n greater than
v it j ifl a man whoso utterancos were the prin
cii !n of his party Mr. Seward of Now York,
k',', in a grand spenli made in the Senate on
tin- ! of March, said : f Hero Mr. Breck-
(nri'le read that remarkable and famous pura-l.-apli
addressod especially to Sou hern Senators,
k'.i'nning that tree labor at last npprohendod its
uii.-iHi'-n, and wiis marching to conquest.
Tlm:'s tho programme, said Mr. Hreckon idge.
AUnr that line of march this party must be met
iiinl r.'sistcd. Tho Constitution was not in their
w.iy at all, .for they did not oven acknowledge
the binding force of ono. of its plainest provis
ion that concerning the return of fugitive
di.ws. Garrison was more lionet than they,
f,,r iie acinowiVfitwTi,lw-4MMtti'jajAion wus
in his way. They grew moro bold and
ini' i:i tncir aeitreosioiis KYcrv your, xiiur wen
in il.e outer run if tho whirlpool, and Worerup
ktlv hastening to the rick where Garrison stood,
in llie centre. They would pause at no obstacle
bo nvr illed nt no ruin. Already they had prnc-
tio:.lly made wnste paper of the Constitution,
Thev were arraying one class of Statos against
anctluT olass of States. And whenever the line
u:ia drawn across the nation, across which the
affection and hopes of the people could not flow
the l uion was like a girdled tree," doomed to
spuody decay and death. Even now that venera
ble, kugustnd pro tribunal, tho balance wheel
'i.f thiynighty machinery of our. Government,
tiie bapreme Court of the United States, was as
auiled with venom nearly unparalleled. A bill
had been introduced into the Senate to ro-or
g inizo this Court, and the throat that this re-or-r
nidation should take place was not an idle one.
Thoso who had undertaken the work wore strong,
rampant, confident and unscrupulous.
. ' ' Horse Steams) on the f rontieb. The present
OpIlllOn IS, Witt HID IIUIOCOIDUHHK UUIIVVIlDI iaujj-
Tciktions on the frontier cannot be attributed to
!, Indians. The distance of a band of rob-
: burs in this State, extending across it and into
Mt-aico, ou one side and the Cnited States In
dian territory on the other, is doubted by few.
Those scoundrels ore in league with the Indians.
TUy find where tho horsesare. and tho Indians,
.. .--und'tr their guidance and assistance, steal them.
vj" The uurdert are fre uently the result of acci
' ; "?. and committed because the parties h vc
JurTTreTIiteiy to discover the thieves, nnd
' them pursued. The killing of the Came
l ' ' runs, was, it is almost certain, sugg'-sted by the
members of his objjjg-bHtidrv 1 1 was done to
''' ' ""',LP,,ias'jnTof Cain iron's money. Iieoent
'circuijiiitaiioes at Belknap strengthen these po
sitions. A misunderstanding occurs Uerring
' toul i entena to make disclosures upon certain
pSti he is attacked, but uses a six ebooter a
little too well to suit his assailant, or assailants
one ;s wounded th balance leave, they say
for the V S. Indian territory, and about that
time forty horses are stolen from the Braios Ke
sive. These ihingt look badly for those men.
What iti more, the pursuer discovered tracks
of shod horses on the trail. Vhere did they
corns from ! They had not been stolen from tht
HcFerve Indians, nor had they been brought down
bv Comanche. JThere ia but one conclusion
the thieve must have had them in possession nt
the tune of the robbery. A vigilance committee
is spoken of in Voung County. So a gentltman
siiyi who it latoly from there. j4ujia Gazette.
The KcsnriQ.NBw Calbdoxu. The emi
gralibnTtSiii oldef sections of the country to
wards the Pacific, ""tinder, the Frazer
, gold stimulus is just begiiiing to assume the
proportions of a ' (Jrand rush." The Moses
' Taylor, which laily left New York for Aspin
wail, it i reported, took twelve hondreA pis
seiieefs anjlifjs fair presuuipt on that, could
he find room f ir them, .she woUdtiave taken
. twelve hi'odred ivo'-e-. ' If tbejiext news from
Cvaaaarusaaue af ra DtlLat Baaau.
G.iNf avail, Aug., 30th 1S39.
Der lAlimer ; I have tint written to you
(or some lime, and lo while ttwty dull hour
ni drive off the narcotic effects of this hot,
breeele August tmophpre, mora than the
hope of "tee in? one't name in print," ha in
duced me lo Hike up the pen. What shall 1
wtite about f I rarely trouble you with poli
tic!, for i am a poor politician. Uui for want
of a better theme, I mutt bora you awhile on
that mifroasiiigr topic. The election it over
and Bell is mid to he elected, for reasons
satia actory to myself, t am glad of It; Poli
tic ia the "science of Government," and aa
the people are the supreme ruler in our gov
ernment, they should understand aomethingof
iis character. I bejeve(I have no political die
tionary for reference,) a Republican gorefn
mnt i one administered by the agents of the
people, chosen and empowered by their voice
at the ballot-box, the grea Ark of our politi
cal Covenant, and the shrine of Popular sove
reignty. A far aa I understand them, I re
gard the principle unfolded and applied loour
political machinery by Jefferson and Madison,
and reaffirmed and strengthened by that pure
minded statesman and pairiot, Jackson, as the
best that have ever been laid upon the ahrine
of Freedom tho peoph'' rights because
they are for the people, the whole people, to the
exclusion of "chartered monopolies," etc.
Time, that uncompromising foe to humbug
"(he Avenger," that guards and elevate the
right and crushes t'.e wrong, while his invisi
ble wheels roll silently their eternal rounds,
ho demonstrated that Democracy is founded
on the great principle and test. "The Will of
the people should rule;" and while the Fede
ral, the Whig and Know-Nothing purlie (all
combining the same substantial elements and
lending tests) have successively risen, flourish
ed and fallen, though supported by giant minds
nu nonest hearts, the true American Democ
racy has continued its orosress. trntherinirnew
life and power Irom its illustrious advocnte,
till it has made America the terror of allied
Europe, and the first iroveriimcnt on earth.
Well may Democrats be proud of their party,
lor iney can look to its glorious achievements
exemplify their faith by its works, and point
lo the unrivalled nrosrjeritv of our country un
der a series of Democratic administrations, ns
a rensnn for the-failh that is in them! Everv
union-loviiiff mnn must see that the trreat dun-
cer of disunion lies in an interference with the
constitutional rights of a Slate ns an individ
ual member of the coniederacy. Hence a strict
construction ol the constitution to secure lo
ench Stnte its rights under the shield of that
sacred instrument, or the mucli-nbused doc-
fine of "State Rights," is the true and only
Union-saving faith, nnd should overbe inscrib
ed on the binnersof Democracy. An opposi
tion party, either open' or covert,' will result
from the centripetal and centsojml forces of
public opinion, nnd the'DemoiwaticShrty must
co-operate. Hence National nndfaidta con
ventions are necessary for party organization.
and should bs resorted to for no other purpose.
Ail cliques, cnbals, central committees, c ,
which have for their object the elevation of
fnWninfr syconhnnts and personal favorites.
and seek to forestall and mask public opinion
and crush investigation thrnnMi theco uinnsof
a hired, political prostitute (?) journal, are anti-
Democratic, nnd should e exposed to the peo
ple by a free and independanf press. This,
you, ns n political editor, have had the courage
to do, and while yourcourse has been, and will
be censured by a few pnrlv biirots. who are
entei77rtf-Jtjw,ft.v;prfi .lewiisv-TrVey'-wantan offt'-e, tit be
cause their Miners were, trie nonest, earnest
henrtof the Democracy in your District is with
you, nnd will stand by, you. It is hard for the
ndvocntes of Judicial nominations to show a
reason for them, since politics and law are so
different in their character and application,
that the people control the one, and are con-
trolled by the other. Tho old Jeffersoninn test
seems to me all-sufhcient and pre-eminently
applicable to aspirants for Judicial honors.
But they say a convention Is the proper place
to apply this test. Has the result of the Inst
State Convention proved this ? 'Why was u
mnn nominated whose notoriously bad reputa
tion contributed largely to his defeat? Why
was Judire Gray defeated before the Conven
tion ? - He is admitted to be one of the most
eminent lawyers in the Stato. The tokens of
respect he has won from high places, the re
pented compliments indirectly paid him by the
Supreme bench, and the fact thnt out of the
numerous appeals taken from his District, nine
teen out at every twenty of his judgments are
affirmed by the Supreme Court, proves beyond
cavil, thnt he is vne of the best jurists in the
Stnte. His democracy is. not questioned,
whilo his private character like his public.
stands on the summit of the Temple of Equi
ty, but he is a devoted civilian, instead or a
political demagogue. He did not court the
central committee, or make rabble-rousing.
American Eagle speeches before the conven
tion, perhaps he was too honest to suit the
plans of the central office-giving and offlce
contracting clique; and on this hypothesis his
defeat is easily understood. Had Judge Grey
been the nominee, he would have been elected
by a large majority, for thousands who are op
posed to political Judges and Judicial nomina
tions, would have voted f'tr the man and the
lawyer who is an honor and an ornament to
the oar. hue use me for saving this much or.
a subject at this late hour, which you have
ably d scussed during the recent canvass.
Ever yours, W. T. G. WEAVER.
We thank oar friend Weaver, for tho oompliment
contained in the above letter. We will merely add te
what he has said, that had Peter W. Gray, or Geo. F.
Moore, the gentlemen whose name wera before the
Austin Convention, been nominated, much as we axe
oppoeecfto Ju icial Bcminationt, we should hurt sup
ported Ihcm w.th all our lrt and tout. En. Ilta-
Thi Elsctoiai. VoTtroa If'iO. The electoral
vote for consisted of 28 votes. The ad
miwion X Minnnaa will increase that number to
3K), and should Kansas and Oreeon be aimitted
the errtfnr vote will be 306, reijnirintr 154 for
choice or President Of thfOQj. there will in
120 from the slave-holding States aFit fe.rfrom
fe-n7ii-lhotilin; Stavtea- In tbe.-4'hwion
(fremocrat) Convectf-wr wider th two- fs
.'., it wi!. riniTM T'l'e torraka a ,-; t .
' ';'5 1.. ; '. :",-;ii:.-e fA Northern v-w . .
rvai a4aaat aaatu af Um Tasa Aaaaaaa w la.
fjullin of Tuu Oeolery-
B; tnhnm 0. 0. INntuj, (aaailaaaaaaat al UM Tata at.
The Water shed of Tviaa i of tuch form
ihat all her treama converc toward coin
mon centre, in the Mexican Gulf. The dip Of
her Geological lormahon t inferred, from Ihii
harmony of urfac dope, to conform, in gen
era), lo tha Water-Shed. So, the margin of
thaGulf ha a curve, lo which;ih marginal
outcrop of theae forma tiont art approximate
ly parallel, the main stream lying nearly a
radii to thetr curvet.
The entire ea board of Text is enmpdted
of what Geologist rail "Siiinoli.m Thu im
plies, "reprisals from the e,H or, "contribu
tions to the land," made by the ware at the
sea ahore, and by the fecessiarl of th water.
It would appear thai our coast is all in the pro
cess of emergence, by a gradual elevation,
while th entire alluvion of the Miuissippi
Delto is linking. The Gulf coait beyond the
Delta, however, it like the Texat coast, emerg
ingat least, i gaining "Shingle" at the
Diluvium. Next to the Shingle, the Diluv
In I, or drift-beds, occupy tho gentler lop,
nearer to the Gulf. In these time are no rock
and near the coast but few pebble. Interior,
at thirty to sixty miles from the coast, the
gravel beds and heavy angular sand, and next
the pebble make their appearance. Still
further interior, where other fortnntion pre
vail, these beds overlie all others, in a large
portion of the country, formiiip all the cele
brated Red Lands, and all the Drift or Bould
er and Pebble Beds not found in Ihe Valleys of
But these Diluvial Beds are very irregularly
distributed, and are generally thiti, and, in
mnny places, nre entirely wanting.
Tertiary BF.t.--Next beneath the Diluvial
beds (nf clay, snnd.ftrsVel nnd pebble.') lie (he
beds, known to Geologists, ns Tertiary. Their
mnrcin is marked, in Texas, generally by the
first hills, or decidedly rolling Inndsj nnd they
contain the first rocks we find in traveling in
terior from the Gulf coast.
Examinations hnve not been sufficiently ex
tended to mark the subdivisions of this forma
tion into its four well mnrked periods or ages
nnmely, Eocene, Miocene, Pleiocene and
Recent,' but probnbly the first and Inst of these
will be found, If not the two intermediate.
The curve of outcrop of the Tertiary beds
next the Gulf, ns examined by thp writer,
would pass through the following points) Com
inencing on the Alnbnma river, n short distnnce
from Fort Stoddard, on n fight line to Monti
Cello, on Pearl Kiverj Grand Gulf ifltd Vicks
burg, on the Mississippi; Prairie De Cote, be
low Columbia on the Ounchitn: Month of the
Rijelet de Bon die, Bed River; Lowe's Ferry,
on latitude 31. on the Snbine; a few miles
above" Smitlifield, on the Trinity; Snn Felipe,
on the Brazos, nnd Co1UmbUs(on the Colorado
Hiver. Beyond (his point, south-west, the
writer hns not personally examined, but would
trace the base of the hills next the Gulf, grad
ually nenring the const down to Corpus Chrisli,
where Ihe Artesian horinps penetrated lerti
arv beds very near lothe surface. The width
of the Tertiary belt will appear from the par
tial indication we shall give of the cretaceous
The Teflinfv belt has a vnrvinp- width in
Mississippi and Lousiafin of one hundred ((fid
twenty o one hundred and sixty miles. This
width would be much incrensed if we carry its
Gulf side limit down to where it is Inst visible
In the beds nf streams to Rodney and Natch
ez, iViwmKiUr Harrisonburg, and near Alex-
nndrin, Louis nna, &c.
The first evidence of its presence will be
found in the creek and river beds nnd banks,
where the pebbles and ochres of the Drift beds
will be found lying onn soft, imperfectly form
ed sand-stone. The surface of that rock marks
the boundary between the Drift nnd Tertiary.
The b?lt seems to grow narrower ns it is
pursued waatward, and between San Antonio
and the Gulf seems to be less than fifty miles
in width. t
The Tertiary beds nre Generally distingulah-
ed by the great nbnnditnce and variety of their
marine nnd gijantrcsatiroid lossils, their uyp'
sums, Ochres.Minernl Springs, and their marls,
No metnlsbut iron need to be expected in these
beds. This invaluable mineral nature seems
to have strewn, with boundless prodigality,
over almost every Ueoloe:ical Held. Ihe L,ig
nites, or imperfectly formed aluminous coal,
(almost worthless,) is also found, in nnflmf'cd
abundance, in the older periods of fhe Tertia
All these abound in Various portions of the
Texas Tertiary Belt.
In addition to these, a good and easily
wrought building material, in the form of sand
stone, often calcareous tne time sometimes
prevailing is to be found over nearly every
nortion of the Tertiary field. There is promise
too, of very rich rewards fm scientific enquiry
especially in Paleontology. For instance, the
footprints in the calcareous sand-stone about
Nutersvtfle, Fayette county, appear in great
numbers, and of genera entirely new, have
been discovered, nnd in part described by the
writer. They appear bquine, Cervine and
Sepine, each of several species.
Cretaceous Beds. Some Geologists clas
sify these as Tertiary, and others as Seconda
ry. They are certainly older than the former
of which we have been treating, bot contain
many minerals and fossils in common with the
older Ter.iary beds; and the distinction be
tween the two formations is chiefly Paleonto
logical. They appear in Texa very near nt it?
North-eastern corner, and tending south
westwordly, they pass beneath the Tertiary
. . . fm TH r. IJ !
Dpas annul 1 vicr. l a icsunc, lcuiih, vui-j .hii
and down throuch Live
ence to the Bio Grande,
Oat county. Thence
information enables us to tr ice the formations.
Ifcit, from nbout the boundary indirald,
and in the Kif of streams still farther south
east, the Creiaceoua beds etternj tmmtcrupted
all over habitable Texas. The vst nre of
fertile country nonl. and wet of (hi line de-
rive, it. e xceedft tauetivevrm fro... the.1
nones the Crtvo!i keJ, ' ""r :., h':"'.
U , Thev i,bo?nd i r.-U,r-Ms't' .: l X
f-:.k er.i Creuret rtrX I. v, . ':.
fertile country nortb and welt of ?hi line de'
Tha elevatej mound and conical hill that
abound at the tource, of the Colorado and the
Rrttot, tee in lo be prutruaion through the
Cretareout beds, uf iirimary and .ecindary
rock, ome exhibiting granite, touio rarbouit-
erou rocks from th coal f eg ions, anJ other
Ihe lower Sdurlon ruck uf the Transition I'e -
But if w rJ 'be range of mountain
undrrihe name of LiimJaliipe. tlrelchine north
and louth, near the I 'ecu River, there it no dis-
Iriet of country in northern or wniern Text
which i not properly enibtaccJ under tha title
Thote innuntain, a far a examined, seem
to be an lip-heaval that bring lu view the
bedofihCarboniferouand Tranaitinn Rok,
with an ahrubt cleavage of 3.0t)0 feet, the
weitern half being entirely wanting, or Ling
undisturbed beyond the line of up-heaval.
Some of the evidence here brought to light
furnish a vague proinike, that in the bnnoin of
the earth, if not on her urfuce, that vaM and
fnresilett expanse mV nflTurd luel for a future
possible population. But beyond these partial
promise, at that remote region, lliew is but
little mound for hope thnt Texas will ever be
able to add coal fields to her in itiy other re
source for weal ill and power.
To the Gen osiral Survey recently nrieru
bv tha wisdom and liberality of our LeL'ii'la-
tuie, we confidi nlly look fur results which shall
rirove invaluable to tcienct-, ns well nt sources
.. ., I
of wealth and hnppiiief to ourinduMri.il pop
With crent deference to thoe (if any) who
mnv hnve enrried their mWrvntinn upon nur
Oeolopjr fnrther, or arrived nt different conclu
sions, from their explornlit ns, these outlines
are, Wllh dilfldenre, submitted to the readers
of the Texas Almanac, for 1959.
Letter on ihe Overland Mail Itoute.
Galatik, Juno 12th, 1S5H.
Cot. T. Borr.as sir : 1 nm in receipt of your
note of the Oth, asking fur information of the
nature uf the contract entered into by tho Over
land Mail company with the Postmaster Gene
ral, the services to lie rendered tho pay they re
ceive, and as much of tho details of their pluns
nf operation ns I may seo proper to communicate.
Tho Company is composed of tliopilneipal hui
ncss men of the American Ktpross Co., nil of
them of onergy, nnd fine busmen) talent nnd hab
its. Thoy con raoted to carry the mails semi
weekly from Memphis and St. Louis to S:in Ki an
efseO, to go through in twvnty.flvo days, mails to
be carried in four horse coaches, suitable for
the conveyance of passengers, and tho security
ol the mails. Their contract is for six years, to
Commonco the Kith of Soivciuber next, au'l they
are to receivo six hundred thousand dollars an
nually for thoir services, to be raid quarterly.
The company havo obtained tat consent uf the
Postmaster General, to start their mails from
St. Louis and Memphis un the lith July, to run
as far as Port Belknap Texas, and from Sin
Francisco to fort i'ltmah, on the Pacific side,
mails to be carried twice a month until tho pap
can 1)0 filled, so as to commence through sorviao
by tho 1st of October.
. It will requiro 1.20(1 head of horses and mules,
and 80 coaches to stock the road; they havo al
ready about U00 head of horses and mules, and
all their coaches harness, and their agents nro
now actively engaged getting them out on tho
Through tho settlements, say fr.im St. Louis
nnd Memphis to Fort lielknnp Texas, on the end
of this ronte. and from San Ftancisco to Fort
Yumah 1. 000 miles, there are but fow settlements
and It will cost vory heavily totranpport prrfven
dcr in wagons, they will depend a great deal on
graiing, and as mules will do better on short feed
than horses, thov will be used, though there is
but little doubt that in two vears there will be a
chain of settlements nlortg the entire route; hun
dreds of families have settled on the route
through Texas, since tho exploring parties puss-
eu nmwie-1 -10 .J.annary nini ruuriituty.
Through the riiVaottVef wotc, thu company
. .... , i
will havo to erect stations ever; 1'.' or r5 .wil, 6
for their own conveniences; at each ot mcse sta
tions thore will he a smith's shop, wood and har
ness shops, and a post office, and at somo of them
will bo stores to trado with the Indians, mid to
supply persons in the employ of tho company and
emigrants, thus forming tho nucleus ot a settle
ment. As to your suggestion of the danger of tho
stations being broken up, and tho mails robbed
by Indians, 1 would say that I do not apprehend
much difficulty, ns the Government will plnoo a
regiment of cavalry on tho route, who will bo
continually moving from ono station to an ithorf
and will thus prevent any marauding Imnd get
ting near the line before they aro discovered As
regards tho practicability of tho route. I havo no
doubt, as it has been folly explored by competent
men sent out by the company, nut they report
very favorably of I jindeod, stages fintva run from
Sun Antonio Texas to Sin Uiei!", rojrularly
since laet July and they Intra never Iwen inter
rupted. Their rou e is the same as tho oxd'rliind
mail company, from El Paso to Fort Vuimilv and
will bo discontinued after 1st October.
The company will build a telegraph fine from
St. Louis and Memphis, via Fort Smith to San
Francisco, which will rofe a gri-ut convenience
both to them and tho country. I havo been, and
am still ol tho opinion that the Government
ought to luaild it. -
Accordfrfg to the original contract, the compa
ny agreed to bring these two branches together
at Little Kock, hut on examination of the road
from St. Louis to that point, it was found to bo
so bad, the company procured the consent of tho
Postmaster General to malto Fort Smith thepoin
of connection, that being considered a bettor
point, and they also procured his consent to car
ry t heir mails and pnssenf;crs from Little Rock
to Fort Smith in boat T e distance from St.
Louis to Snn Francisco, is 2,300 miles.
I have, I believe, given you all tho information
that it necessary relative to this stupendous un
dertaking and I" will only add that it is in tho
Iini4 r mii who know no such word us fail.
and that there is not tho shadow of a doubt lr.it
they will carry it out successfully, nnd tlmttliey
will have more applications for passage th in they
ran accoimnute Yours tryf
tyYVo lind tho foflowfii); intcrnsting jiiece
.,inin in Sr. Deiliiiciut. li.e 1 ivsi-
d"it h rather fate in his providing f -r a
'" "il 18 " . V-
W b '. ?!"" (?"'' "uthontv, that J-i m s
Kiichnnan. wt;i in a few woeK-i or ui.int ii ac
Urlhnst, 'jik-to the alter of Hymen one of the
mnstBeaimprhMied la-iieof Texas. Hirrr.ih fur
Texne. if etw bat no a Presidint she will firriiifh
a wife for crnw.
CrHjR iW'T-t-v "
:V :''-: '' i.'v;r jV, .l'?pS,.i,: -
' ' jV'; ,
?v:. '''V.'r.'t.'iVii-'- -'"'v-'-." '?. .'-
I DT "Vi--k" th. traitllii.- wm.,-ii.h-..t vf ibe
' lluiia 'TvlciTapb' jWee th frllu!.i f.iihful 1 )
ir.M paa.-rijittim ft our li;a au4 uiy.
After rruaing the River nj turnin? thr
.bend of the road you find yuurarlf kudilei.ly
j DilU. and ar Immediately sirurk with t'
' Urge and uumeruut brick buildiot tcatteted
proiniacuoualy over the city. Of theae, thr
Court lloua, in ih reuir of the public iquar,
I certainly the chief. ol oulv from il poailiiiu
j but alu from in 'hat light and airy style ;
next are the large h;indoitie and eommodiou
lorra on all tide nf the rifuare, and lust but
not least the magnificent Hotel now in court
of cmnittetiun adjoining the iquare on the road
to the ferry. It I a building of liirei tturie.
noble in style, princely in proportion, and
would dohiiiior tonriy town.
tint In return bcaiJr the bjilJin enume
rated above, there nre many food brick dwell
ing houses on the different airecu and these
altogethergive the town a moil subiiauiial and
It in pnaaing tlrauge that a town of inch
proportions ahou.il have den run up aoipiickly.
Little did J. N. Brynn, who in '13 creeled the
fits! log lAit ninidat the linibvt which then cov
ered the present tile of the town, think that a
town of a to gnodly appearance would rpriuu
up n if were fruit! hia very foot-prints.
But the lrahgeiiesa wears olf a pace if we
look nt the nature of the turrnuiidiiig country
i We find lliut D.illos was evidently intended by
I i....:.. ..r . I.. - tl
nnttim nt the site of a In re town. There is
abundance uf ihe very best clay fur brick ma-
king nthnnd; the country nlmuiirti in (me! ""r ' "" ""u ,,,B vi iumuw
timber. Cedar, Boi d'Arc. Ash, Jilm ice.,1 '"If '' " Indirectly the act cUbr Guv
ennbehad close tn town; nt in feet Inyv a eriiineiit. 1 bo Picsident cunuot pbis.bly b
l.ir river, which ir it be never nnvigahle, ii c'l'i-'iulcJ with the fuels of the cuse or he
still the bet srnvrnycr possible nnd wnrifi ev- 'uld put u ittip to the etil. Such a thing o
ery thing to n large town; it is ulso well s-.p- govetiimeiil uriiiing a savage foe against its
plied wiih water, be-iiles ull this, il is situated : citizens is unknown in modern timet, yet
mi the great thorough fare from the Gulf lo the! 'be p'ople of this Slate have it lo beer. A
Keel River nnd the centre of the finest small ' P'Uicnt submission to the miquilous and bloody,
grain growing country probably in the u hole ! wrong would argue n dastard spirit, and it i
wcrld. There nre nt present tens of thousands j " (u' Tx 1 sPfnli u"IJIy Bd firmly up-bu.-bels
of wheat iu tiis neigl but hood, whi.h ! " 'bo subject. Silence would be( a crime.
lack only means nr transport to compete with ' Let the people, and the press, of fexs back
that raised in "he fur famed valley ol ihe Mis- j bc "demand" of Governor Runnels, and th
sissippi nnd this pvon'in their own tn irketi. lv'" receive justice. Decisive, respectful Inn-
In Dallas county there nre already ten law j 8Ul,Se aiJi;(l by ll,c expression of en lihnltera
Flour mills four driven by steaiii and six by ble dciermiiioiion to redress our grievance are
water. One of these thu Dallas Stenin mill's i '' means left to lexas-by these alona can
Gold & Donaldson's I visited and found putl- J b"" her n his as an equal m the con.
ing, blotting nfid throwing up its clou, of federncy. Austin Gazette;
steam and smoke to some purpose, grinding! ''
850 bushels per day. The flour made in ibis I France, England and the Bonth;
mill is of the very best description equal if not A gentleman in Puris, under date' (if July
superior to the cxtrn branded St Louis and ' ii, writes a private letter from which a Bal
sells at 9,50 to 3 00 per hundred. I timore coteiiiporary makes one or Iwo interest.
Wever before have I realized the strong tie-j ig extrncls. There is some force in what ho
cessity and even absolute need of nnv thing, says, nnd it is cerlninly our interest lo ctilti
so much ns llie want of the Kailroad. The I va'te ariose coniiiiercjal alliance with France,
barns are learning with wheat nnd the mill j The writer say thai' the French Govcrmiiint
with flour, nnd yet we nre constnntly importing ! has granted nn annual subsidy ol 15,000,000
thousands ol barrels ol Hour irom oilier Mates,
and cannot make use of our own, thus impnv-
erisliing ourselves and enriching others. As
usual, ihe people nre constantly talking of the
road, it reminds me of ill fable of llie w.-.gon-
er who wln-iil.e bogged down knelt nnd prayed
to Jupiter for help, the oiiltv p-od in answer
told him lo get up and put. his shoulder to the
wheel. II ull would do likewise, put away
all animosity nnd loin hnnil m hand lo push
nlontr the rond, there would be less cry of pov
erty in the land. (jl ,'.
About 6 or 7 miles frfm Dallas, in the direc
tion of AlcKinney, is Air. Cnrulli's Frirm; sitii-
ated on one of the highest hills in the ncicl
oornonii, iinu irom wnence can oe seen ns nne;
nnd pleasant n scene eff tiuiel tint lira I beauty I
as-tver met Ihe eye o! man. ' I is tine, there
are neilher stupendous rocks, l.irge chasms ;
nor thundering waterfalls, but lo be here in
May. when the rustling nl the gailuun, waving !ulk lo AJeuipht and at. LouisM ,
wlteur tum)JJ jneet our eiir, irodding nnd beck- as desirous of freeing ourselvesi '
oning us lo enne nnd etijir,-, i-nu would say, nnpoly of the English as the S 1
'lis good. The whole scene is girded n- t!r .. thrA States is to be rveirotfrfurr f i
her. Faraway, nt the distance of 20 miles , Norili. All the products of tlld center '-..i--can
be seen the dark outline of the lowercross- have an ndvanlngeotis mnrkct here : our grand
timbers then the timbers of the E'rn nnd: railroads are finished, and withiul quitting,
main forks nf the Trinity then the Trinity these lines we can send with despa.ch through
ilself, nnd lastly, that of White Kock brings nil Europe the merchandise imported from
yi ur ej'e back to the starling point. Inside Llnicrirn. It will be the saino wit l regard to
of this Horse shoe thus formed by the timber j that which we will desire to export, I should
is a constant succession of gcftlly rising hills' not be surprised if'some fine tnorni iga serioua -and
sloping Valleys with pretty little fiirm quarrel should break out between Prance and
houses in every direction neslling in shade end - England. It is a reason the more iint'tlic, old
surrounded by peach trees, the unsightly rail j American alliance should be revived nnd no
fences nre also mostly covered with a young; thiuir will contribute more to it lh?n I fre estab-
nnd a owinir hedge Ihe thick yellow corn, the
i . i .i ...i ' . . i .. .i. i
brown sunburnt prnrrie nnd the whitened stub
ble contrasted well wilb, the deep green foliage.
Ceres has evidently emptied her horn, and now
let Ihcm but propitiate ftl' rcury who presides
over tempest und they are blessed."
Nobody but a Printer. This remark fcfl
on our ears the oilier day whilst wandering
about town, und it set us lo thinking.- No
body but a primer. Say if rrot with contempt.
It is a profession of which we nre proud.
When we remember that Uix, Cameron and
Niles, of the U. S. Senate, Ceo. D. Prentice,
Ueo. VV. Aeimnil, uougias jerro.o, i. i n.ers,
... rr l ll T-v I 1 ,J II 'l'l
Robert Sears. James Hnrncr, Joseph
fi II M .1... .,i. (',, I,-, I
.fCU. J . iilUIIID, I11C I u uii;ii.i n, vuaiuH)
r rnnii.N. nna a nos oi oiners, w.iuse names , of )fr pllian,irepic sentiment.
have "filled the world s ear." yes, and eveu j ,
James liuchannn, were, and arc "nobody but ; "' ,.
printer," it would seem that a sneer should i A sou.her.i coteniwrary pubnshr, tl e Pros
be the last expression thonsht of in connrc- ' " V of,.'he
tion with the types. Nobody but a printer. ! United State Journal publishing home a
. .'.... . ,J i . i nntnirriit. ilium ifnffi flivifiil f. whirr hBr.
, , - , ,
"7 "V i d,,- ,, Tt, Lo a, companies wiih an extensive Murl:'
and a sirccessfm prmtcr, to-dav, than to oe a i j:..:.i Lui
..li... .r n.L rrln-ernniav be i,o,iris advertisement and editorial rdmi,
1 I W . mnn . ril ,r a n fTtlHtl tiriliriT. 1
. b ""I";,, 1Mrii..l uh,.U I cbtenitioMry wou Id charge a mercht nt &: a ct
as a c ass, bu a nioregcnerous-liearteii, wnole-i ' . ,6, . , - l ,p ,
aoo'ed class of men do no. exist. Ever ready j ' f h,s own '0"'n le,,s, f
to share . lie Inst dollar will, an unforlunnte ', vu.urc to sny th.l I tins northern hWW
brother, none of the,., ever come to want and J
bntVprVmer.- yc! the rTinu-r n,s wi.Sin himi"',''s L1'. I,L' PnEJe. ..iJ.haU'-.e
what I ...any a millionaire mifiht give a)! Lis'. V of litis ,c,uuv i'l
l.i. ;.. rr VI m a hnnv lie and '
does his duly to his fellows,
belter. ff-iusloi Telri'faph.
io can io
fyWc le;im f-oin tlio ( iarVsville
. JC' -
thata man named Littleton M. Inij ain f. t'y','
- I ' ; '.' . 'i'v '. ' S' f : "ti,. v "-eri B
V' V.' i'.i it V Jl -v,?V;V : .
i": - ' y 't vsi-'-V:'N,f;.-' :V-."(;-:-:'-.vt-' -
7 ..' foi '." !;" 'S ' - - ' -'"-' A'"'
' , - - '',t?V '..-f.: v'-- .'-..;' .V:""1-.! J
Mtlv rn tTvnr to- now v.. . ;
Indian If at ten
Some week tine a party of flv Nor'iero
I... . .. . ii
Comanche came into the Lomanrhr If f Ma
lum. They profeed lo le on a m iiiin of
prara aaid tiirir peopl haj bean Ud!y ahip
ed on thot'anadiin and were tired uf t,' it'll f .
nd rnquirej concerning the prisionrr telitn
in Capt. Ford' ffht. ,Mj. NeiKhbon and
the Chief Caitmti-, both mitiruited torn tihinfl
wronrf and quraiionrd ihvm closely. Thy
said ihe greater portion of tha Comment
were on the I'twnee Folk of the Arkan riv
er, and that about thirty families t( S macs'
band witbrd to come in and leltl ujon tlt
Rrterve. They were nt ofT under ao escort
and watched by the Reterv Comandit for a
lonir diatnnre. Il i not prubtbl they commit-
ted depredation, but is poii.bl they vrert
tpie. Subsequent event ahowtJ they 14
lied in regard to the Comanche all being high
up the country, for very toon aftrr they -er
stealing at different point on tha frontier.
A large portion of th Comanche have late
ly been to Befit' Fort to receive presents.
Among ihetfc, present wrf8 some 400 ttend
of arms. They were given1 hi fhe liiggea'ion
of Mr. Bent and in disregard of llie tviJhtt of
Maj. Miller, an Indian Agent, who had fepotl
ed them hoitile. Thu it i the Coinon-be
are armed and euuipped bv the Gi-ntrnl Cor.
j eminent, through it ihdinn Agent or licensed
trader, lu make war upon ihe people of lust.
The whole ntoceedilttf Is wronir and in viclr.
lion nf thu duly of llie General Government
Die right of the lexian. It rofce th
, francs three millions ol dollars to sustain
the projected lines of Steamers to the United
, Stales and to Brazil. That which is intend-
ed for the trade beiween St. Naxarie and Nor
folk, he snys, only awaits the assistance prom
ised by the Hon. W. Ballard Pres on, of Vir
einia. Our readers will remember that Mr.
lVeeton's scheme'rontcmplates the supply of a
Inrce nmount of capital (81,500,009) on this
side the Atlantic. The writer of t le letter re.'
I'erreJ to says of the feeling in Fra ice on (hit
Everybody is desirrousto create direct rela
tions with the can let of (he United States, and
comprehend the advantage of pnss.ngthe trade
no lotufer nirnugn tne hands ol th" brnKers
New York. 1 hnve seen some irerchanls
Nnutes w hn are-very much disposed lo send
cargoes to Norfolk. Now Mint the I eunesanu
railroad is open we enn gtr directle fryin r: ' 't
lishmeut of the itfiiteiivrfafcu tn.'-at!a!iti:
As i have ttrfffen nnd! piMjah d,- FionceV
nnd America nre not rivals. We : oauc(6t:$
culisume, and-we send reciprocally thnt which
is wanting in our two couutriei ; whereas
Enpland.irries on the most unfaii trade wi;b
fhe United Slates, in running in oppos-t'.vn' to'
their own market, ft is not for llie sste of1
philnnlliropy, or for the love ol pen-c, that sha
tins piven satisfaclion to the Unit.'d States id'
her Inle difTiuliie!!. I: was a severe blow to
her pride,-nnd when the day comes in which
she ran take her revenge, wilhost rfisteri&H
nliccting her interest?,-she Will ncf let tne op-
. , ;. r ;,:.
(tl IICI llinii iiiv vtr: i i it u i uu in i j , itic li'TJ
I r ).. P-..t l.wl.aan utaf a. rm. ,TAn,-. ..'
ruia VI tne iiviiia -nts t UiHr Vi
- - , , -
h Uti .tV 7c
' ,r" -
thi?!. lionie- j-apt ri. L,e a scuthern euttor. a.i-...
tempi (j lift bi pro(ectii or ether advertL
nurrtVn a Northern jnumal, and he tviJI - f I
t. I.-, in kHV
. t. '. - .