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DALLAS, TEXAS, SATURDAY, JANUARY 9, 1875. VOL, XXII, NO. 17 ESTABLISHED, 1819. v. 1 i m T IA ' WEEKLY PIMLiHIIKII KVUiii'ii.lltHAT Bt J." W. a W tfa DELLS. TICItMSt Hubmrlptlon, per unniim, In advance t. HuliMorl)illnn,lx months, 1 ADVErVNSINO One square (ten lines ot tlilsslsetvpe) III W lr the Hint, ami 75 cents tnreiien iiiiciiiionui iiimu-iiuu. l&tSfSiii , rm ha. come, aud that unless some the iuniounceni.ua lit luHuru-a. ; thins Is done to arrest the tide of city Morssrs. Richard II. Hilfllii, Auvi.rtlHlns Aucnt. No. 4 Houth atrnel, liiiltlmore, iu.j H. M. l'uttennill A Cu., .17 Purlc Ilow, New v,..i. Miim. Om. Wutlierlll x lo., o. 7 Chostniit atreet, Philadelphia, are duly auly autliorlsM'd to contract for advertlm,- munis for Insertion In the uauuao iii.iv AM), lit our lowest rates. S-.Muhmh. Dasliloll waters, Bnrn Kaufman, uro authorised aireuU for I ah, HKIIALI) In Kaufiiiun county. jMrT.itt.Hiniiii, khi.,iu. lb"'""! "SI . ; oountv. Ihiui authorised nRent for the l)Ah- IjAH UKR.M.H, aim momiy piuu j ouriiccoiint will uu uuiywmmow'""1" . ""' Genehai, Wade Hampton liussig nlfloil 1i!h intention of writing a. his tory of his cavalry campaigns. Tub uegroes uround Montgomery, Alubunia, uro ruplilly contracting with the planter for UieV'tiext vein's work. The investigation of the returning bbard'of Louisiana, a work by. a con gressional committee, Is now fairly underway. " ,' The king of the Sandwich" Islands was-so delighted with New York that It was hard work to get his majesty away from that gay metropolis; v. ' A called meeting of the association of soldiers of the Mexican war of the State of Texas takes place iu the senate chamber, at Austin, January 14, 1S75. The social event in Memphis during the Christmas holidays' was the mar riage of Mr. John W. Shorter, of Mis souri, and Miss Clara M. Dickenson, at St. Bridget's church. Mft. Lamar, of Mississippi, has taken in hand Iu congress the bill for the re turn, by the federal government, of the tux on cotton illegally collected for several years after the war. The Pacillc mail radical swiudle, amounting to $750,1)00, is still being ventilated by a congressional commit tee. The rascality developed is of a piece with the credit mobiller. Hon. Jehe. Black is still making a good fight for the United States senate from Pennsylvania,' and Hon. Andrew Johnson is confident" that he. will suo eeed Browhlow fromTennerfseeV"' ;Busines ' Is dls.tressiugly dull "iu LouiBville and throughoo t ' 'Kentucky'." The falls city iiai lost a good deal of her southern trade aiii has been con siderably interfered with by St. Louis in a commercial way. . A FeahfuIj outrage was perpetrated on thepersonsofMiss Betty and Georgie Miller, daug ters of Mrs. Miller, near Chickasaw, Mississippi, last Thursday. The negro fiend was pursued, captured aud hung by the citizens. Thebe is a general scuffle and snarl ' going on in Hew Orleans among the ' members of the press and some out siders for the proprietorships of the Picayune and Bulletin. Warinoth has a shillelah iu the fight as a creditor of the Picayune.' The Longview Weekly .Reporter is the name of a new democratic paper which will be started at Lougview on . or about the 19th Instant, by Me-sro. Itagland & Rugluud. The now candi date for public favor is welcome to the field of Texas journalism. " Mr. Edward Everett Hale says of the salaries of teachers, that "they generally, rango at ft jjrade not much above starvation ; they -are far Inferior to the salaries of first-class cooks in a hotel, and very far below the salaries paid to first-class circus riders and bal let dancers." . . i -1 .-r.;l .V .! GenehaLMbkrxXC.'Uhilton, adju tant general to General Lend form erly of the pjliWj St armVis ou a vUlt-rrpau jAnlfmlo,, wber? hSas a(ethiedYor,MaHyTrera.Hr Is th guest o( lils daugLter,! Mri Mavejickt Mra. Chilton aecompaniea him'. jj vrr. ; : : Mb. EvAN.V-ifeiihMt of Morgan's road, om,ial.ly.aowiim99tht no fur ther extension of , the, road .may be looked for. The reason alleged isHhe Insufficiency of water-in the channel across pass Cavallo for the passage of bis steamers with full freights. ' PlSCMBACK, the mulatto, would-be-United Statei seuator from Louisiana, modestly offers to withdraw his claims to a seat In the senate, provided he la seated, and allowed to draw the paltry sum of thirteen thousand dollars as . salary and mileage. Considering be ' doe not stand a ghost of a chance, this it refreshingly cool in Pinch. Governor Fred N. Ogdbn, in his testimony before the onngreseioual In vestigating committee, says: New Orleans In not as Prosperous in business as heretofore; tbe decline of property Is owing to our ,T .- tlons; and some of our trade with Texas bas been taken away by SL n'iiiiiiiin.1 n lxwis. 1 don't Know whether the loss of our Texas trade is tbe cause our i decline. . - . - . If tbe Galveston News, by Its fac tions and Inimical cnurs towards eon- gmeional aid to tbe Texas and Pacific1 ii i J T T.JZ ' .MKtputui .hkii "M""1-" to north Texas, It will And Itftelf mis- taken. Continued opposition by tho omnia of southern Tex"as can Snd will people or sobimiti i eras can and will- molt simply in a division of tb state, It is vary doubtful, however, whether theNows reflects the wlsbei of the i people of It section, certaluly not thoso of the people of the stale, iw sneers at the Texas and Pacific railway have a twenty cunt a line look. Tub afiulrsof Memphis, says the Appeal, have lor years been going from bad to worse, uutll at lost au Im mense debt warns her the time for re- legislation, which takes no thought of the morrow, she will have to confess hor bankruptcy and Incompetency as a community. Her debt is $4,&81,7t)8, exclusive of a floating debt of $2,000, 000, with assets of only $1,317,680 08, taaxable wealth of only $20,630,714, and only $17,000 to pay a past due debt of $500,000. The San Antonio Herald says that V. O. King, Esq., late of New Orleans, made a remarkably fine legal effort In the recent Important case of W. H Elliott vs. John Twohlg & Co., and Gugger & Co. The verdict of the Jury was In favor of Elliott tor two thou sand two hundred and thirty-one dol lars and, sixty-two. cents, with eight nor cent from April 8, 1872, and one thousand eight hundred sixty two dol lars and six cents currency, with eight per cent Interest from January 8, 1874. A motion for a new trial was overruled and an appeal taken. ;,1'' The correspondent of the New York Times, writing from Viekaburg, says that he Is more than ever convinced that the stats government is unable to reinstate the deposed officials, even were It thought well to do so. The governor has no force but negroes. Should arms be placed in their bands a terrible war of races would ensue and end, of course, In the slaughter of the negroes. Governor Ames will make no attempt to reinstate Crosby or pun ish the white citizens of Vicksburg. He is powerless to maintain the digui- ty of his position. His colored con stituents elected him to office, but are powerless to enforce his legal com mands. The examination of ex-Governor Warmoth before Judge Stacs, on the charge of killing D. C. Byerly, took place last Wednesday. The prisoner was discharged and told by the court that it was a clear case of self-defense. Said the judge i"The evidence given in this case establishes that you . were right In your action. When you took the life of Mr. Byerly it was iu legiti mate deteuse ot yours. Aiinougn uie court does not liko to take upon itself to dismiss a case 'of this kind, yet the circuufstnnces are such that I believe that iu doing so niy action will be not only approved by a higher tribunal, but by tbe wnoie community., i no not hesitate a single moment in de claring thnt you have acted in self-defence. Although it is a very nuhappv afiair, and it is to be regretted that such an occurrence has tuken place; aud that the life of a man has beeu sacri ficed. et 1 must say that you have done so iu defense of your life. ,. I will, therefore, dismiss you. - You can go." The Texas ami Pneiae Bull wy Agri culturally VoiuMered. Turf, Flew and Farm.l Oueof the niosL important subjects to be brought to the notice of the mem bers of our present couKress is to be me consideration by them of the bill as to the propriety of granting government aid to the Texas and Pacific railway. Money is not demanded. Instead of pecuniary aid tiie government is mere ly asked to guarantee, on a five per cent gold bearing bond, the regular payment or interest. Ample security is tendered by the corporation named. This security is to be in the shape of a first mortgage ou tue equipment, ue IHjts, shops and all property appertain ini; thereto, as well as the franchise of the road aud its net earnings. In ad dition to this the entire net proceeds of sales of lauds granted by Ike United States, and a restoration to the govern ment or30,uw,uuu acres ot ianu uereto fore erauted to aid in the construction of the two lines to the Pacific.' What safer investment for the good of our people could be made? No credit mobilier speculation in this to shock the heart of the body politic. This Is no paper scheme. 1 merely - elo- gam pou paper, r rumuuo m io cum T , Jll.. 1 nave aireauy ueen Dmib inree uuu dred and sixteen miles. In accordance witb the-) provisions-of the charterpf tne roaa. nave been nnianeo. jnu portion -ot lbe road bu bee&fuUy: equippeu ana in active operaunu. Someone hundred 'and twenty' sollee more ars graded, bridged and tied ; this merely awaits the laying of the rails to be In perfect ruiiulug order." The portions of the road in active operation bave been aoeeuted by the legislature of the" stats of Texas and by the gov ernmeut.of the United State.' The character and stability' of' the Work on. tne portions accepted ars ny wis very acceptance vouuueu iur. :""' i --.i ' Nothing but the check glveu by the untimely panic of last fair-prevented the completion of tbia road. " The wantof confidence engendered by tlie:' utter worthlessness of many of the j railway securities thrown upon the ! stocK siarltets, Influenced lo a marked ,y numerals? Let them go to degree tbe sale of tbe more valuable ''tbe cities even, aud tell the ship oues. Where so many proved good owners as to the possibilities of Gal for nothing the good were confounded 1 veston and Indianola, when the Texas with the bad. aud all went down to- and Pacific railway is completed. A S-ther. No discrimination was made. : crop of 400,000 bales of cotton fourteen ike tbe French at-Waterloo, "sauce years since indicates a possible rop qui petit," and each and all holders of . almost fabulous In quantity in the fu etocks rushed to the stoukboards to ; ture This cron must be marketed. iret rid of what they held. Fear is blind. All sales of railroad bonds came to an end. . All negotiations about tft be consummated abroad in the placingof large amnuntsof bonds in the hand of European capitalists were suxpended. conntieuce in railroad i ... I schemes In .America were checked if t not broken. . Hence such undoubted securities aa the bonds of the Texsi and Tnciflo railway rould not be ne- gotiated in the moneyed centers of the old world.1. Vns funds not being coming, U.V upon tbe road was stepped, thousands of willing bands became liUe, and tbe work - Has not ince been resumed. ' Bv tbe overnment ru a ran tee tbe bond, would at once command ready Mle, funds would be forthcoming, iron would be purchased, thousands of men anxtooMy looking for work wutrld find it, and In but a ft w short months the pieu of ,noUlw ,MD Wl q,. pacific would b announed, thus send- inf Joy to the hearts of all who take an Interest In ths advajceruent or the prosperity of our common country. 'Vo trust that our representatives In congress will examine this sulject sole ly with an eye to the public good. Let uo personal or soctimiul feelings be al lowed to enter Iu the consideration of the bill. Let no partisun bias or polit ical chicanery govern them, but look Inif ti the interests of our whole peo ple, north, weft, south aud east, let them decide IntelilKently aud with tlmucrht onlv of the iteneral welfare. Before discussing the question more In detail, we would mention that wo cannot understand tne supiiieneHs ami wAiir nfoiiero-v manifested trv our ag ricultural press in discussing subjects or great Interest to our farming popu lation. Having uudenlably large cir culations their colum us are filled, week after week, with purely local matter. The discussion of experimental meth ods of growing larger crops, the de scription of this or that mammoth beet or turnip, is all very well iu Its way, but it is dull routine readingafter all, and reading we soon tire of. No capacity is shown by the grasping of subjects of great national importance and the discussion of them in their columns as looking to the enhance ment of the prosperity of their readers the farmers of our country. This could be doue entirely Irrespective of any political bearing on the subject discussed. The formers of our country are, as a body, large hearted, large headed men, men of more than aver age intellect. , While we grant that , things appertaining to the farm may be of interest, we at the same time take the ground that our farmers, as a class, are not worthily represented bv our purely agricultural associates. . The farmers are denied that representation in the councils of our nation that both their numbers and their brains entitle them to. This In a great measure is owing to the lukewarmness of their representative )ress. We grant mat many of tueir ournals are well and ably edited, but t Is in a local, not a national, manner. it may interest a lew or tneir readers to be told that such a man raised so many busliels of corn to the acre. Whv, fifty years since the late Com moJore Stevens, of lloboken, raised the largest crop of corn to the acre we ever beard of. What does it prove ? Simply that our improvements agri culturally have alone been made lu labor-saving muclilnery aud in tne manufacture of manures. We beg them to cease the discussion of such questions in so earnest a man ner, and take hold of measures such us the Texas and Pacific railway, the James river aud Kanawha ennuis, aud those kindred to It. We ask them to discuss them in a largeness of heart as befits the theme. Let them inform their readers as to the thousands of acres of tillable and millions of acres of grazing laud to be brought under the plow, and to be bought for a eong, along the routeof tho Texasand Pacific railway.' Ijet tuem place In n proper light before their readers the difference between the sterile earth and bleak airs of New England when compared with the rich black loam of the soil aud the delicious atmosphere of the Lone Star state Let them compare the products ojT, the frozen, frigid north, where a meagre soil, only after hurd aud weary toil, grudgingly yields its fruits, to tue broad savannahs of Texas, where grow spontaneously the pro ducts of the tropics In an ulmoxt tem perate clime; where the orange, the grape, the fig, cotton, corn and sugar may be bad for a Utile labor ; where the maximum of production Is gotten with a. minimum of work ; where "tickle the earth with a hoe aud she lauxbs with a harvest." Treat Uie subject as it deserves, and in ail its bearing, hotn as to its Inrnilng lauds aud its Influence upon our furming people of different states, ' i.et iiieiu agaiu place before tne farmers of the great west, the farmers of the states of Ohio, of Illiuois aud Illinois and Indiana, the great demand to be supplied bv them alone, for their vast productions of corn, of 'pork, of oacou ana or oeer, wnen me country we write of fills up with au enterpris ing and a tnrivlug people. it ttieru not forget to stute tbut our southern farmers were ever their best customers for the products named. They need fear no lessening of the ileum mi. Let them tell their readers, thut where it is cheaper to buy tbau to grow, pro ducers must step iu to meet those wants. Wbtu cotton, rjce'uiid sugar are tho best paying crops, they will be raised to the exclusion of all others, and tbe supplies needed of pork, of b?ef and of grain must of necessity be purchased elsewhere. Let them say to tbe stock raisers of Kentucky, of Ten nessee aud of Missouri; here you must expect to find your largest customers for your horses and your mules. The mustang of the plains will nut work, aud could not if he would. . : Willing aa be may be for a day's canter, he yet cannot stand the severe labor of collar and of traces. Horses in muuy cases, but mus in more, must be imported to do the work. .-. Let them .tell their readers of the unlimited capacity of the state about to be bound in the iron embrace of tbe Texas and Pacific rail way. Let tbem tell of the 162,002,660 acres which comprise the state. Of the paucity of tbe population, It being 001, 039 in 1800, and an average only of .89 to . the square mile. Let them tell of Uie glorious future which is not far off. . Then we will ask them to turn again eastward and say to the spinners of Massachusetts, of ltiiode Island, aud of Connecticut, from here must come your supply of wool for carding and fore-loth.. As a sheep-grazing country Australla-reontinent though it may be cannot surpass iu capacity tbe ca- pabiilties of the state. From 850,000. Lead in 1800 to a million in 1870, who cau measure its future flocks in 1880 and from wbere so rapidly and so cheaply as from the sea-ports? Witb the Texas and Pacific railway tapping tne whole breadth or the state, with branches like . veins extending . on either side, forming a ganglion of iron nerves tending to and -bringing all product to a common center, and that center the sca-lioard, who i-an predict the future? Estimates predicted lihid the past would be wholly futile, and j only mislead. Let these agricultural forth-'journals indulge in prediction even : Muncbausen-like, and such prediction ' would fall far short of reality. . ' , Let tbem tell their readers of onlv ! thirty years since bow beggarly three.. cars oi ireigiit a day were landed at Jersey City from the only line having its termluus there. Then tell them now of the Pennsylvania railway with Its hundreds of traius and thousands of cars dully, with Its depots covering .BDa with Its shops not far out on ths meadows covering Its doxeni of acres more, and then of (b other railways the Central, the Dela ware and Lackawanna, the J'.rle, the , Northern-each and all pouring the accumulated wealth of farms, of vil lages, of towns and of cities Into the , ulremly great metropolis, our own irratid ultv of New York, and then ask Isltsafuto predict with any correct ness tbe future of Texas.' seaports Galveston aud Indianola, We can see, and not at a far distant day, if our agricultural associates can not, these harbors filled with vessels. Not your petty trading schooners of a few hundred tons, but the majestic hulls, the tall tapering masts of your gallant merchantmen, capauieor stor. lug away her 1,600 to 2,000 hales of cot ton. We see hatches ohT and long strings of lighters hringiiig to their capacious holds the snow-white nroduots of southern fields. While ou shore, awaiting shipment lu arlirnntio warehouses and elevators, lip millions of bushels of the gralu of .California. Long trains or cars rollow caoh other in quick succession, a mov ing pauorama of world's food over tbe completed road. There, like a new Colossus of Rhodes, the Texas and Pacific, railway bestrides, not a strait, but a continent. Washing one of his feet In tbe gentle waters of the Pacific San Diez, with the other he ripples witb its touch the genial waters of the gulf nt Galveston and Indianola. Tho Senate Finance Hill. n , The following is the text of the finance bill which recently passed the seuute : ..j...., ,: , Be it euacted, etc, That ths secreta ry of the treasury is hereby authorised aud required, as rapidly as practical, to cause to be coined at ths mints ot tbe United States silver coins of denomi nations of 10, 26 and 60 cents of stand ard value, and to Issue them In re demption of an equal number and amount 'of fractional currency of simi lar denominations, or, at bis discretion, be muy jssue such silver coius through the mints, sub-treasuries, public deposi tories, ami . poslonices or me united States, aud, upon such Issue, he is here by authorised and required to redeem an equal amount of such fractional currency, until the whole amount of such fractional currency outstanding sbull be redeemed. Sec. 2. fhat so . much of section 3,6-24 of the revised statutes of the Util- tel States, us provided ror a cnargo or one-sixth of. one per centum for con verting standard gold minion into com is hereby repealed, aud hereafter no charge shall be made for that service. Sec. S. That section 6.777 or tne re vised statutes of the United States, limitine the aeirregate amount of the circulating notes of tbe national bank ing associations, be aud is hereby re pealed, and each existing banking, as sociation may increase its circulating notes in accordance with the existing law, without respeot to said aggregate limit, and new banking associations muv be organized lu accordance with the existing law, without respect to the aggregate limit, aud tbu : pro visions of the law for the withdrawal and redistribution of national .bank currency among the several slates aud territories are- hereby repealed j and whenever and so often, as circulating notes shall be issued to any such bank- imr association, so Increasing its capi tal or circulating notes, or so newly or ganized ns aforesaid,' it shall be the duty of the secretary bf the treasury to redeem the legul tender; United States notes in excess omy or xiuimhxi.uuu to the amount of 80 per centum of the sum of national bank notes so issued to any such banking association as aforesaid, and to continue such re demption as such circulating notes are Issued until there shall be outstanding the sum of $300,000,000 of -such legal tender United Stales notes aud no more. ' And on and after the 1st dav of January, A. D. 1879, the secretary of the treasury shall re deem in coin tbe United States legal tender notes then outstanding on their presentation ror redemption at the of fice cf the assistant treasurer of the Uuited States, in the city of New York In sums of not less than fifty dollars. And to enable the secretary of the treasury to prepare and provide for tbe redumption iu tills act authorized or required, be ii authorized to use any surplus revenues from time to to time in tbe treasury, not otherwise appropriated, and to issue, sell, and disiKMeof, at not less than par in coin, either or tue description or bonds of the Uuited States described in the act of congress approved July 4, 1874. entitled "An act to authorize the refunding of tbe national debt," with like privileges, and exemptions to the extent necessarry to carry this act into effect, and to use the proceeds thereof for the purposes aroresaiu. auu an provisions of law inconsistent witb tbe provisions of tills act are hereby re pealed. - . Mamie. Mr. Manleson Is to Lringout "Loheu, J eViii" next season at Drury Laue witb Nllsson as Elsa, Caiiipanlul an, the kntgut, ami Tietjens as urtrua... , Tsu bert's s new opera, founded on Shakespeare's. "Twelfth 'lght," bas been produced at Benin wmi maraea success. Its nlli' l", Vesarui,". ..! Tbe New York philharmonic society has changed its progrs in uie for to-mor row night's concert, in order to antici pate The'xl.ire Thoma-i in the produo liou of Ball's arrangement of the Bach Chac-onne, of which Mr. Bergmann has succeeded In procuring a copy. The Introduction to Wagner's "Trfs- bin tind Isolde" was played recently at one of M. Pasdeloup's concerts In Paris, aud led to considerable disturbance. A lond demand for an encore was so loudly hissed thutthe director, in order to restore quiet, promised to repeat the piece at the ejd or tne programme, when those who did not like it might go away. Many of the uuti-Waguer party remained. However, . and re sumed their hostile demonstrations. . . A concert was recently given at Bir mingham, Eugland, in which Uie prln cipal attrsction was to be Miss Carlot ta Pall I. When Uie audience had wait ed about twenty mluutes after the ad vertised time for commencing Mr. Lindsay fSloper . came forward aud made the "unpleasant communication" that Miss Cnrlotta Patti would not Bp pear. He explained that on her arri val she had taken grcBtoftens at find ing herself aniKiUiieeil "the f-trr of Miss Adeliua I'utti." She would IHteu to no apology, and left Birmingham by the 7:30 train. . . A leading Paris authority in fash ionable matters says there Is nothing more difficult for a woman to do tban to sit gracefully in a carriage. Tbe lo re Ue lies down at full length ; tbe strong minded woman arouses her legs : the bourgeois sticks up her knee: tbe waiting maid leans over tbe side and tbe high bred lady only holds ber- seirassoe ought to no without enner carelessDess or stillness, and looking as though tbe bad been born lu a ear-fief Karawe.ll aliall II b farewell f Farewell, aald lightly when IhaoaralMS part; Farewell, aald coldly by til' aatraugnd lu heart, ' " Audr?lim but to tell Tli empty dearth of cold oouveutlou'a shell, , May I not famwull. Oood-byo shall It bs xxl-by T Good by, low wtilnperod aiDluNt blladlug Usnn 1 Good-bye, presaging sad, long parted years, Telling, will) nub uud IkIi, Ot ohaua-e, or thwarted plan, or broken tie, Nay I not good-bye. Good nlaht I lb all It be uood nliiht t Good night, which nteao to morrow We. may meet. Good night I I lain my foollah heart must . cheat, Though aiorntng'a golden light Shine ou a lone, ship leugue beyond thy sight ; Yet still, good night I ' Thou beat bolove, good night I flood night, bleat night, with all thy fairest dreams. Good night, bleat night, with all thy starriest Dearns, Watoh by her pillow white, And tell ber all my love, thou gentlest nlghtt Uood night, good night I TI1K SHOE HUSB1XB. Nym Crinkle on s Well Known Thea trical Character. , Everybody who has had any ex perience behind tho scenes knows the1 stage mother, r I tried .to take ber portrait once, and, if you recol lect, I called your, attention to tho fact that If you had ever taken din ner with a prima donna, or stood on the coulisses with a ballot girl, or accidentally entered the manager's office oa pay-day, or, in your inex. perienced yonth, bang round the stage door at midnight waiting for tbe angel of your soul to come out in a faded calico dress, with a satchel on ber arm ; if you had ever been ton' rehearsal, or board a play read, or got, by accident, as it wore, into the green-room, or been com missioned by a committee of oar best citizens to get up a laurel wreath or a diamond necklace or a farewell tor the admirable Celostino who bad done so much for society on her one toe, or hud been sent by the loading ladies of Murray Hill to request Coruliu to sing rt a charity benefit, so that all those, leading ladies could appear in print as offi cial patrons of the poor if, I suid, you had aone any or an oi tnese things, then you hud you must have seen an aged woman in rusty black, a portly, grim, monthly-nurse figureHookiiis; at yoa out of the depths of hor experience with the calm rectitude of years and the im pregnable security of .maternity.'. That was tbe stago mother. . X ou novcr escaped her, providod you went through any of the experi ences I have mentioned. You never saw her step out of the stage door at midnight, overshadowing the joy of your heart with the dusky wings of your watorproof. Yon felt that she was sitting grimly silent behind you iii the dressing-room, a petri luction oi humility, but catching every i. word yon uttered. ' She passed between you and the "light of tho ballet" in the wings. She came into tho box that you hired for Ernestine on the off-night, und eut in the corner patiently. , She followed Madeline on tho sunny side of Broadway. Shu filled the re maining scat in Evndne's coupe. There she was always; knitting ber everlasting crochet, aud munch ing her inconsumable sweet-flag root. Sbe never slept, never was indisposed, novcr stayed uwuy on account of the weather. She wiib always somewhere, looking ou calmly and grimly out of her bom basine und maternity, bo exactly alike were the stago mothers in nil circumstances, so uniform in their respectable rus tines? and dumpy. guardianship, adhering so faithfully to Domoaaine unu sweet uug tout you grew to suspect after a while that something in tho me oi a oui-let-girl or an actress necessitated the providing of a property mother, built according' lo the 1 traditional style, when nuiare hud not already provided her, or, bad . for some in scrutable rea on dispensed with her. And ' yon ' are right. 1 he stage mother11 1 ''an all pervading ' tact. Stage Cithers, yoa observe, bo wtuie . extinct ,,whon, .Mr.Jtiohings died and Mr.:, Bsteman went to Erope'.,liiii''i"' n'!i -i- v.i. !.. -ii r But: ihere is another "character bred by the theater witb whom yon mast havo, had somo acquaintance. It is Uie stage husbaud. . m And to know him it was not necessary to go upon the singe at all. . Ho made himself conspicuous in front of tho curtain. Unl.ke tbe stage inwtlicr be is of various types. One is the property of the profession; tho other is tho property of tho actress: Aii actress up to a certain poir.t in her earner is Influenced by the love of dresses ' After that she takes to diamonds and husbands. It is a purely decorative instinct. Ordinarily the stage hueband is part of her personal outfit. Celosiine used to boast openly to Coralia that she had tw) seal-akin jackets and two husbands, and it wan a proper subject for pride, for there was only one other beauty in Mr. Carnther troupe who ever attained to this quality of possession. Clylic, inno cent soul, believed that somcliow husbands and tuberoses and brace lets were the perquisites of leiiding Indies, and were handed over the footlights by polite ushers. the really bad a notion, that dear child, that the extra big. bopqueU were made to bide a French count or an English captain of the gsards. : ' The most familiar type of the stage husband is gavrally an ex officer of tbe guards. lie wears a small coat and sports a fierce moas iaoho.': lie tome over witb Miss Montmorenel, "collects, ber salary; "buries" about the lobbies, standi at the theater entrance in tbe alter- oods, pottariiea at tbe doorway ia tlio evening, asks everybody to drink during the intermissions, keeps a business eyo on the posters, objects to Miss Ho wards numu being put in type; is always oppressou with the responsibility ol trunks. He is understood to beun append ago ot Miss Montiuoronui. He brings hor lo tho theater in the ovoning and takes her away nt midnight. lie arranges her little dinners to which tho press people uro invited, and then ho calls her "my donr" and slio addresses him as "Charles," and there is a most satisfactory air of connubial intimacy porvadnig tho scono. The most curious thing about this ia that tho husbands of the Montmorencis always disappear suddenly. if tho Montmorencis disappeared also there would bo nothing st'-ango about it, for then we might easily understand that tho actress hud retired with her ward robe and husband to private, life. But she never rotiros. I do not see how tho conclusion can bo avoided she sheds her husbands. Whero the .olegunt appendugo goes ' to no body over knows. lie simply dis appears. , He loaves a flavor of pearly contempt behind him in the drinking saloons, and among the burly, double-fisted follows who furnished him coaches and blacked his boots.':,' Tliey havo' a' ridiculous, theory," clinriictoristio of -'simple-minded nron, that he hired his cos tntiie to piny the role of 'husband, and wus paid a' salary to ulay. in front of tho house. There is another 'stago husband who has been married by tho star in it moment of despair. " She has just discovered that her agont has swindled her out of halt ot her profits, nnd that the manager is hot working her with the press. ' Two courses uro open to her. Sho can engago unothur agent, or marry one. It is always a woman's weakness to believe thut sontimont insures honesty. Men, on the contrary al ways know thut it imperils it. She raves for a whole morning, tears several dried bouquets to pieces, kicks her French poodle in the ribs, abuses her dressmaker, and then throws herself into the arms of Fit'z Foogle McFlam.- 'Dearest, will you love me nnd tako care of my business ?" "By heavens I" exclaims Fitz Foogle, "I will protect you and your i ii co in o with every drop of blood in my body." "Will you bo true to me over, nnd think of me when the house is counted ? ' ; ' - ; "Willi? I will think of you from tho moment the doors are open till tho books aro made up." "Ah, but, darling, will you mnko others think of me? Can I depend upon you. to look after the' papers and house-bills men are so fickle? Will you cling to .me, always and see that I ani properly billed?" "Hear me'.oxclaims Fitz Foogle, j "I sweur by 'alt thogods that I have but one ambition, ono desire, one burning passion, and- it is to ho loved by you, and to havo charge of your business. , "JJinougn,' says jueipomone. "iou are mine in the eye of Juuivon till the end of the season, provided you attend to your duties." Registered silently in the box office or offered up in the wings, who will dare to say that this vow is not recorded on high. Only tho ignoble soul believes that it ascends no further than the "paint bridge." The bridegroom thus immolated on the altar of Tuespis sets to work immediately to prove his affection. He ruises Melpomene's price from $100 to $200. Xow that she hits u ttagc husband she is entitled to two benefits.' Now that sho is in pos session of a partner, her name be gins to bo paragraphed. Ho nt least knows something of the world, and he works it accordingly.- Mel pomene could not go to the clubs. Sho could not catch the volutilo re porters on the skip. -She could not applaud herself while sho was act ing.. She could jiot. bully the man ager nor. .ask. for, more thap fifty free admissions & nigbfe. And sho sleeps soundly,. Lovo, that ton quers all things, is overcoming the ticket-taker und tbe ushers. . , So Coralia, waking up some morn ing and seising tho newspaper, dis covers thut Melpomene bus been in terviewed., 'Ho, bo 1" says Coralia, "she . must have boon married yes terday." . ' i "' I...-.".- ' . Of course it never enters Melpo mene's head . that- other husbunds have a quaint, not to say queer, way of treating hers. They con--verse with him about his wife as if they were wulking on eggs. They cail her Mrs. Fits Foogle and Miss Melpomene irrespectively. They never know bow much he is married or for how long; they put up with hia praise of the actress because that is buainoss, and they put up with him because be Is sure to dis appear sooner or later. To bo sure there are husbands of actresses who are not stage hus bands. Everybody most be famil iar with the little, crushed, respect able old man, who is married by the rreat tragedienne, and. who comes and buys a seat in tho back part of the house, and holds play-bill up, to his face for fear that some of his friends in the throad-and-needre business will mistake him for a stage husband. So. too, most peo ple are familiar with the patient, arniable, and subservient husband of the prima donna, who his no other desire in life than to. be known as her husband, who gets chucked un der the chin in his own house by the reystering baritone, nnd told to be a good boy and keep quiet, and Who looks after the baggage and the boaqoeta while tbe troupe ia away. Bat these people do not belong to the stage. 1 no stage iiusimnd is u necessity of the profession, liko the stage mother. 1 believe thut tho minor theaters now and then furnish thuia to tho actresses, like their wardrobe, or like tho Third Avenuo railroad is stud to furnish dolls life-size to those ladies who desire to got n Hout in the Ilurlem cur. ftennnn 1,1 re. Life aud. Literature In the Kutheiland. rue pictures oi ucrinuii 1 1 to in various interesting uspucts, whiuh are prcsonted in this volume, are tho Iruit of tho author s persona oxpuriunuo during a somowhat pro truuted residence in different parts ot uoi'muny. with little preten sions to completeness or orderly method, thoybring before the reader many social and domestic details which illustrate the German char acter, and exhibit a mode of life to which few approaches havo evor been mado in our own country. Tho author wus particularly impressed with tbe con ton linen t, frugality and harmony which nsuully prevails in German households, Many fami lies of tho highest social standing ofton occupy but a single floor. Every room is furnished with ox- tremo simplicity, there is no desiro to appropriate tho -wholo of a lurge house. If a man grows prosperous in business, it is not his first, thought to get out of his modest apartment into a lurgor one, or to buy a house for the sole occupution of his fumily. It is no part of tlio Gorman char actor to muke an ostentatious dis play with the increuso of wealth. If ho indulges in excessive luxury, it is presumed that either ho or his wife bus been in America. The first materiul comfort thnt a wealthy Gorman thinks of is a good store uf ruro wines in his cellar, und then un abundance of servants. Tho breakfast is very simple. The true Gorman will hardly movo a step until ho has had his coffee, with one or two biscuits, but no butter. The scholar will not open his book or take up hip pen before this light repast. At ten o clock a lunch ot bread and cheese, or something of a similar character, is taken, und a few bonrs after comes an early din ner, always of substantial dishes. A light tea, at about hnlf-past six, according to tho author, closes the meals of the day, but in many, if not most parts of Gormuny, the visitor will bo apt to find a tooth some supper at eight or nine o'clock, of beer, broud, meat, and perhaps a fragrant potatoo sulitd. 1 n pleasant summer nlternoons, ninny latniues take coffee in littlo arbors in the garden, where tho ladies sit ond gossip with their friends, and in tlio evoning uro joined by tho gentlemen on their return from their places of btisinoss. llio art ot keeping n hotel and conducting it shop is car ted to n neriection not dreamed of in America. Mr. Hurst was onco told by a lady who had been in New York, that all the clerks seem ed to be angry with her. Hut in bermnny the customer is treated with Iho greatest civility. ft very euro is taken that your exact want is supplied, so that you may come again unu Keep coming. . ii you buy nothing there is no change in the shopkeepor s behavior. But you . must not carry your own pur- eels, , not oven it quire ot writing paper. This would make children laugh ut von in the street. You are expected lo take your hut off when you enter the shop, and keep it oil as long us you stuy. Mr, Hurst devote u good denl" of .space to tho educational uistilutionsot Germany, although soineof his information is of rather ancient date. His com parison between several of the lead ing, universities may bo found serviceable by llieyoiin Americana with whom it is n passion to com plete or contiuuo their studies in Germany. - Berlin excels the other German universities in the extont of its facilities. Tubingen is its equal in philology,. 'Gottingen in jurisprudence, Hulle ' in theology Heidelbtirg in physics, and Vicuna in medicine. . Bui Berlin affords the widest scope of study, and in many respects presents greater advantages for foreign residents Tlio Amer ican, however, should judge accord ing to the present excellence of tho department in which ho. is inter rested, and not by its past roptitu tion. No university retains its su periority in anv special branch for ft great length of timo. This depends on tho character of the pro fessors. Berlin never was in church history what it was iu the timo of Jveander. ' If ono wishes to stay abroad two years, he would do well to spend the first in some other uni versity, and the last in Berlin. Mr. Hurst fives somo curious, though not very novel dotails concerning authorship and the book trade in Germany, with sketches ol soveral of the prominont living writers. His book is of a very miscellaneous and . discursive character, but no doubt it would have been less read able il it- had been more profound. A SCMHEK of the officers of the Mis souri, Kansas and Trxu", Ten and raclnc. and Houston and 'lexas ceu-1 tral railways have been vlsiliiiK tlaj- Veston In a body to examine the work gulugon in the' harbor there, aud talk over business matters. eBC'RKTARV BHI8TOW Is going tO put bis foot on Butler. He won't accept any of 8poou'i nominations, and ig nores bin completely. - Oolanbi. Thomas A. Scott, presi dent of the Texas and Pacific railway, made, recently, a very able and ex haustive statement of the company's condition, resources and wants. It was not without its effect. TIIE KIMI.VU OF If. K. THOMAS, EHQ. Tbe Coroner's Iniiiient lenterdaj Testimony aud Verdict. The evidence of Dr. E. T. Eusley, taken on oath at Dallas, In suid county, on the !2d day of January, 1875, before me, J. I). Kerfoot, coroner for said county and also before the Jury then and there sworn, to Inquire bow H. K. Thomas, then and there lylug dead, came to bis death; Is as follows : VH. KASI.KY SWOKN. I Din a nraetlelnir nhvsiclan. I was acquainted with H. K. Thomas In his uie-time. ne is aeau uieu on tne nlcht of the 1st of January, 1876, at twenty-seven minutes past nine o'clock p. M. l attenoea niui in Mb last sick- ness. He uieu from compression or the bruin, the result of homorhnge. Ue was shot In the left eye ; the bull passed from the eye through tbe floor of the orbit into tbe left hemisphere of the cerebrum aud was embedded in tbe posterior lobe of tbe right hemis- ptiere of tue cereorum. tue aoove discribed wound was tbe cause of de ceased's death. e. kasley. J. C. DOG EL SWORN. J. C. Bocel being duly sworn, depos es and says: I was ucquaiuted with H. K. Thomas. He is dead. Uu the night ol the 31st of December, 1874, I saw Mr. riorbacn snoot him wltn u pistol. He was shot immediately over tbe left eve. As soon as the shot wus fired, deceased fell. About half-past eleven o'clock, as we were about to close our bouse. All tbe parties iu the house hud been drinking that night. Deceased stepped up to the barkeeper ana asked linu now niucn he owed The barkeeper told him he owed for two rounds, oue being fur the drinks previous to the game of pool, aud the other for tbe pool game. Whereupon Mr. Thomas pulled out a dollar aud said he didn't owe any such damued thing, thut he only owed for tbe pool game and for nothing pievt ous to thut. The barkeeper told him nil right, and only took out for one round of drinks uud bunded him tbe change. Mr. I'homus theu walked ott from tne counter, auu saiu in a loud voice, that any man who said he owed for another round of drinks was a damned liar, or something to that eiteet. In the meantime, Mr. Hor- bach had none to the front of the store and wus sitting ou a barrel sing ing, aud' returned iu a few minutes with a snrinKi ue not in nis naua ana danced up and down the floor, as If he was sprinkling tho floor, singing in the meantime. I theu went to tbe front, got my book, and took the money out of the drawer and turned some of tbe lights, and while doing sol heard a terrible racket, lu tbe back room, which was caused from the dropping of the sprinkliug pot from the counter by Mr. Thomas, I then heard Mr. Horbach risk Mr. Thomas "what in tho hell do you mean." 1 didn't hear the reply of Mr. Thomas, as 1 hail gone Into my olllce. l men eturned anil went beinnii tne oar ami whispered to the bar keeper und said, 'tiy all means lets close up." i tiomua and Horbuck continued talking, Mr. Thomas in on uiiyry manner. 1 then saw Mr. itorbacli approach mr. Thomas aud say, "I have got enough of this," and pushed him oli'u little bit, and in tho meantime, he drew ft pistol and tired it, the shot taking ellect as above stated. Horbach had tho pistol right at Thomas' eye when he tired. J. (J. J50UK1.. II. P. WIIJ30N SWORN. E. P. Wilson beinir duly sworn, de poses and says : I left the Commercial club room with Mr. Horbach and, went to Mr. llogel's saloon. After we hud beeu there sometime, Mr. Thomas usked Mr. Horbuch if he (Thomas) owed for another round of drinks. Mr. Horbuch suid he did. Mr. Thomas said that any one who said so was a damned lying sou of u bitch. Thomas then struck Mr. Horbach several times in the breast with bis fist. Mr. Hor bach then asked him what lie ineunt, and put liis hand iu bis pockel, pulled out a pistol, uud With both bauds raised and tired. He was a long time Betting it out of his pocket. As soon as the pistol tired, Mr. Tlion.u- It'll nnd Mr. Horbach walked out of I be store. H. p. 1 1 son. VEHUICT OF THE C'OHONKK'ii JI.IiY. An inquisition, taken at Dallas, iu said comity, on the second day of Jan uary, 1875, before J. D. Kerfoot, coro ner in nnd for said county, upon the view of the body of H. K. Thomas, then and there lying dead, upon the oath of W. V. Peak, J. Putty. K. M. Williams, J. Itred. W. McCullom and V. V. Hons, good and lawful jurors of said county, who, being sworn and charged to inquire, ou the part of the state, into tho cause, manner, time and circumstances of the death of H. K. Thouius, do say, upon their oaths, that deceased came to ids death from the effects of a gun shot wound, tired by one J. 1. Horbach, on tho night of December 81, 1874. .Signed J. D. Kehfoot, Coroner. V. W. Peak, It. M. Williams, Jona than Putty, Joseph C Keed, W.McClu lom.W. W. Ross, jurors. Tbe Philadelphia Inquirer, noticing the assassination of D. C. Byerly, anfl the killing of two Legroes, and wound ing of two soldiers, at New Orleans, all of which occurred on Saturday, the 26th ultimo, says t "All this shooting and killing are Inevitable results of the carpetbag mle In Louisiana. Law and order have beeu trampled under foot hv those who should have upheld IU The actiug governor holds bis ofHoe by fraud, and so on down lo uie Metro politan pol icemen, creatures of War moth and Kellogg. The evil bas, as It always will, worked down aud through the whole mass, UHtll the whole of It is leavened with the bad leaven of wrong and corruption. But It Is a mistake to suppose that no day of reckoning will come. It cannot be long ueiayeu, either, for the entire north has become disgusted with the Infamous treatment meted out to the south." The Shrevcport Times copies a par agraph (nfnt the Washington corres- i j otideiit of the New Orleans Times in ' whieli Colonel Thomas A. Keott is rretlited with preferring a road from Sew Orleans to counect with the i Texas ami Pacific at Shreveport rather ' than Dallas. LoUlsviU.K, Kv., January -I Judge .Hardin, late Judge of the supreme court of apical, I dead. I.