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Clic iititi.iutxrr.iltr. StUilKll KT.aT irKtntv, t utiam, vt, W I I. I.'l A M FAY. lOKT R V Br sue r& comj: iiomj:- T 1 llirKRTO A txHO ACtr.KT klOTIIKII. W'oalJ tMiM hI my pri oVr ih dpt WoW I cniilil win- it lik a bird In th, Teoiiio with th; thought, to All Iby fcp. With tbf unwtrylnj worJi of mrlojy trothrr.oxst hoar! Comn hitiif ! Cet t th hrt lht lore tlif, to Ibt ryr, Tht ttm in trt;hlnrt Imt tn jUJ )rn lliin( Com h (ani ItMuglili Ttkn botic.l iirn rttr, tr. i rnr,r el,fi.hM mtm'rf rr. trailer ilirio- i Drothn, coma liuaia ! C'um hnmrt Cmti t6 Ihi htirth-ttnar of lb) culifr dv; Onma lo th" V. tl lli of rtvrrid ilow , fn-. ith the rOMlutll .f Iby hfrl' wrm Cooit lo the ftr.ljn riiAlo ofthj. bf Itrolhrr. cnuii hum ! Come home ! It ii oat horn witHiwit IIkis the ln irat It at all unclnimcj wli'rrthoti wcrl wont to br; la rerj reho of tcturnwg f.,1, I j vin w tut fur wht tlioulJ hrrntd ;be lirulher, tome homo ! C- me honif ! W' mirtrO for thee the tunny bu.lt of tprin;, U'atrhe.1 erery f ertn full-blown fluweiet reur. Jaw ft'artheblnom the chilly winter tirin; III icy cirlii l', ami thou art not here llrotliir, c.ioip homo! Cotno home i Would I could rend oiy ipirito'er the dcop ! Woul l I could win; il like a bird to tlier. To commune with thy lhnuht,l fill thy ilcep, With thueunweaiyinj wurdi ofmeluly llrollitr, corup hnme! nincr Mnuy. THE FlltST VIOI.IJT. -BT HI0MA8 JIII.Lr.R, P ASRirT-MAKI'.n. Tint ever nd anon, of jsm Ii luMurd, There rnmet a luktn like trorpinn't ttinf, carro ieo. but with fre'h liitlerne.i imbued ; An I l.-t.t wilbal may be the (Iiim which hrin; nark on III" li-nrt (he wri'ht wuieli il would fiui; A'hI" forever J it may lie a touml A lonn uf diiiflc tnmmei't err, or tprinr A fl.iwr ih. i.lllip nrean which thall wound, Striking th electric chain wherewith we are darkly bound.' CiiJc IhrolJ. Our thnuphti thread ftrnnce hbyrinlhs, windilipH intricate and maiea unknown even to tho wi'l. They arc indeed the only free ilemaeim that roam unchecked down the dark Flnping which lend to the untrodden avenues of the Past. They nlone dare to climb the cloud-clothed battlementa liml look over the dim diatancc of the Future: they cc the miat, the detue galheriiiff, tho flint gold-burst-ine; that annooncca sunshine, or the blackness that heralds tho thunder nlorm. UeetliM when the body sleep", they wing away through Iho pale star light of memory; they traverse dreary ahoro, vvil dernesses, desolate and vtild place", peopled with the distorted shadows of wilder realities. When awake, likn rctifT steeds, they start aside at objects that rear upon every hand, ond bound away er immeasurable plains, snocping earth, air and cky, andctrndarmi; In heed the vapory Hack over which Trmo h hurried. We find monitors in every thing; around us. The alow-nacinc silvery cloud, as il elides, spiril-like. met the bluo fields of heaven, brings before our ryes the white-robed idol of our youth, and wn sich to ice it vanith like tho object wo adored. The murmuring river, sweeping llong in liquid munc bptwteii its willow-waving oatiks, rolls away like opr cheiithed hopes, and la lost amid the forgollul ncss of the ocean. Een music is heard with a sigh ; though it awakens the ocho uf tho eternal hills, it dies heavily upon the heart, liko the nveut roicca that .iavc for cer fuded away from our health. Tho dancing leaf falls on our footpath, and ita green beauty is soon worn away, Itku the hsppiness of childhood. Flowers wither, and friends grow cold. The h.pc of Spring too scmmi bursts into the reality of Summer; then comes the staid Autumn, solemnly demure, and her heavy eyes are furd upon the dullness of Winter. Still there are patches of sunlight in our path liny (lades, which no gloomy umbrage overhangs spots in the unfathomable dreariness of the forest, tbeie we may sit down for a moment and smile ere 'e reiume our journey through the deep soli tudes. I was born at the foot of the green hills. The silenco of woods and the overhanging of antique bough were hot a little dittance from my home. Tka cong if the cuckoo often rang abovo my roof, tree. Meadows, rainbow-colored with Dowers, tnrrad out near my dwelling. Tb silver Trent vo I. I woond aloog past my door. The rrowo-rose of! me an av from my green bills; Ambili.in had allor th whole urtalb has not lo me charm enough lo I cd mn from my quiet woods ; and they had all for inspira a sonnet. But list spring, heavy withcare. 1 saken me even Patienee grew weaned with long boning bemraih the cypress, which now binds thei watthing, and bent over tbe pale piper her paler pol' brnw In place of tbe Uutel, I emerged from I cheek, lint memory went nut a way: she still roc the duity din of the metropolis, and wandvrrd a- ogmird the blue sky and the bright sunshine, and monf those few green fields which yet spread like sighed whrr she thought on such mornings. How solitary easts around its environs. Many a dreary fair the pntnnwi giew tn ClifUii (Jrove ; what a day had glided by, bearing us leading links along, since I bad icrn a budding hawthorn. Oh '. how sweetly ctrse the fragrance of that morning air! Tbe birds that sang around me felt not a greater thrill of fehgbt Ihi"" that which gosbed silently from my heart; I gated upon ibe rlwreky, and the young gt thai carpeted the earth ; and wonder ti bo v a mid so much beauty and brightness, Sor row dartd to act her bleeding feet on ttfih a loiely wojld. WinderiPg along by aa eld Ledge, tai.ted and n$d, (josl ucb a bulge as tbe blackbird would e hseL in a eaore retired r.!e tn h,U iia firm neat A I Wonted nolet. By motsy ktnk tl .1 .Li. ' H ' ih. d".'ir 'r V"U"d "' ",Srjf' ',. 1 , . : . vv'"lu mar ii, It stood done amldtt the bunting of vounr leaves and tbe decay of I do old ones. - . . . . ' " . I rat down beside . A Mile brook gurgled at in v fat a low faint j melody, jnt audible not the glad singing oflljc J Mil brook, but a mournful murmur sound tin well accorded will, my solitiry violet. Had then; I born a bed of ihoie lovely flowers, I should hsve , wished for the singing rolee of a river, all silver and sunihine ; but the br.ok bad a low sound, and there was but one violrt. I cat in tilrner, and ga red uj.on it; 1 wondered if tlic deep alleya in Sum ; crby wood yet conttincd these sweet flowers. ! A solitary flower, a swrct iolnt, how final a key, ojen the dur of memory ! how, the eil roll ; ed from the faro of timn, the pray, the fur;ntteii yeara moved before me ! 1 became" a youth; Park houc fielda roie upon my ighl; a lovely jiil I bunir upon tiiv arm the born a hatLit imu. I.- Tarn u n. I,l.l,l.n 1... il. . r - ..: . c.1n r.cr wniu- Klrile laintlr "lariceVl V.. tvn-il?; i thick underwood, aa khu llew from my (.ipht in 1 O (i lir.lrt . n n n n . i . t 1 L.I 1 I anon sue emerged trom behind the broom covered bank. the. stood like an angel j of .iglit between me and the sky. And then I do- , rd the leans on Comus, Mid wo listened in the old wumj for another voice, To mio-ith tlie ravrnduwn nl darknett till it untied.' And trees Marled into enchanters, and spirits snug in tho brook. We saw their long hair wave in the vsler.flags. Then we grew bold, and threaded 'lanes and alleye green.' Then I stole away, not far, just so far a to sm her lovely figoro hurrying lo and fro, and calling upon my name; then she sat down in despair on the grcon moss, -her white dra pery 'Mode iimliine in a ihsdy plare,' and I thought of Una. A knot of wild lilies of the valley shot up beside her, liko n milk-white Iamb. Then 1 stoln gently up to her ''Mow could yon leave mo?" I looked on her sweet face, on her gentle eyes, as they were uplifted in kind regioach, just reaching the margin of tears, and my heart le proached me, ond 1 wondered how I unild leave her for a moment; then I bound our violets i;. little bundles, and she soon forgave mo: oh, I could have hidden myself behind the trees again, to ho so sweetly forgiven ! Hut sho left me Death stole her how I havu haled him ever pincc ! And the dead leave. that were strewn around my lonely vi olet, mem neat emblem for a thing so lovely for then I thought of her. No, thoto bright leaves that glittered round the stalk iff my little flower, were not so sunny as her mlkon Wkn ; nny, tho bine of her eve would thame the flower's radiance, and her lips so exquisite ! and to dij so young! and with her heart filled with love! Uh ! I would sooner that spring had withheld its flowers for ever! The sweetest violet that ever blowed withered when she died tho wcodii will never bear such AiiLtbr ' A liltle flower had assumed the reins of my thoughts ; how feeble t charioteer can drivo the fancy ! Within one short hour 1 had visited tlm old forest of Sherwood. Uobin Hood, in Ins garb of Lincoln green, followed by his many outlaws, had swept before me. The bugle had sounded through the glimmering glades, and rudo dr.nking-horns were seen waved to and fro by powerful arms, keep ing chorus to the loud 'Dcrry Down' that rang be neath the greenwood tree. Tho dark groves of ZS'cwstcad had again risen before tho Arcady of England, whero tho Iho migh. ty minded Hymn had so oflcn trod. Again I trav ersed those violet t.cattcrcd solitudes, again pared the long oaken galleries of that nncient nbbcv, lift ed his skull-cap to my lips, rugged with the dregs of the blood-ted wine, seeing the smooth )nke on whoso surface ha loved to ride, or within their Mil ieu depths to plunge. The untied window, with its eternal ivy; thcuhl fountain, with its quaint im agery, the solemn eluipters, the mated armour, the satyrs partly coveted with the green muss his impressive portait above the wide lire-plorc had all risen before mo as distinctly as when 1 first saw them. That simple violet brought the velvet valley of Sneititon before my mind's eye, tho rocky hermit age, the flowery banks, on which I loved lo sit and angle in tho sunritn of morning, or the gray twi liL'ht of eve. The finnv-lribo hod but few charms for me, unless it was to see them leap up and scat ter the loosened silver spray of the river, like fairy stars in the sunshine, then glide a vay beneath the clear water. Tho dreaming trees, the distant hi!l basking in their variegated beauty, the rustling of slender flags, the rlmg and falling of the walur lilies, the breeze sweeping across the long grass, the tall willows bendinc to their own shadows in the river, tho slow clouds mirrored below all tln te were sights and sounds that accorded well with my varying moods. Then those dead leaves so close ly surrounding an object of beauty ; Oh. how like past pleasures they sf emed the dark night closing upon a sunny day, the grave surmounting a flower bad, the bier placed in a ball-room, the funeral bell knelling homeward tho wedding parly, the sluw muflled footsteps of death stealing noiselessly be hind us ! What changes had taken place since I lal saw a violet. Coold I forget the dark room, the narrow window on which the sunbeams beat nat, lest they should become prisoners. Hope had whispered ! gtn-hmg song there was tben in the green woods bow ihe sunsSine slept upon tho river ; how the happy brecies were laden with ihe perfume of vio lets. Tben mse the blossoming hawthorn, ihe hill tide white with daites, tbe golden luw of king cups, the gaudy bids of creejsea all these still rusted. And even their light hearts and mtnj voices, were ringing through tbe haunts of the dove Dryads fair as those which peopled tbe far eats of poitry. Perchance they were s'nging the songs wbich I bad wot en in my happier days, And eould ihrr think of me t r ith me tested on '. iK well keown Latk. beneath the eld oak t There J -ttt plttsnre in th thoagbt th diagy eoueb. Use A.Mi FOREVER UNI, AND VS iti'Ti.Axn, TriiSD.iv, .he 11, ' tor" l" negated candle, thai had burnt gown unmatched in thq Inomollls f, . ' thought il,. r. ..i. ... . f, "F'hiii; mi-, ti t4f iih ii i-ifirr pinrirri . the law cl.illr Mm. thai .!. . .t'il " , .' ,,, , i' r ." "" """an io uranjlc him into heaven, and fl cribblH l.nc, ; vo.ee. ,n the rrota ; the ,,, pl. In ano.her, who i. ,o pay for , like hi almcclinff throuL' h a muikv alinr.ii.li,.,- ,r. . ...i.i. . , , V " 1 . ..." . , woodbine pooped. When free from caro and re- ireauii Mini aliiiiilicr. l ie lark awolt m. ... oin, when the wooda enierpcd from their ruioty 1 canopy, and I ho early bruczo bruihed the gcntlo ' dew from tho leavi; when contentment amoothod . nur pillow, and the whilo winja of peace w a fled u into (lumber; when we heard not a tno'irnful lotind in the brook, and oorrow came not at il.- ..' tho firtt violet. I.vndnn Monlkly Magaiht. Vrom Iht CinrfiaM Ilrguler. Aovitis TO a Tim.o uivx. .A yountr ladv at the quicksand over "M-I,jwr .i.. u panitlnc Sue llioiightlcfd career. I hear you arc beautiful and t,.. ,,. .,i rJ womno nlotc cmi(i'cl ,mirl(cd ,ulh'tU'icl .,..i rlnrmi .,-, ., I am sorrv for it. A vounir lonor and principle, cannot have many admirers There ii nothing that moro cortainly marks a bad heart, and depraved moral principles, or worse, a thorough destitution nfit.than tho cruel and guilty I encouragement of honorable love. I A young man in never long attached to n young I lady, without her being aware of it, commonly, in j deed, before he i hlmselfawarG of the naluii; nnd exloiit of Ins feelingH. The knowledge is almost ' 1 lit II It i V o. Prmn tlm! mriirmnf .Tetif. It. ,....mn.1...l ........ - -' ,,,, ,, i. n. wu I 'V ICII IU .'I J that hho cannot rcciprocalc his seutiincnte, her conree is plain heforo her it is cool, ntidiivinting, unhesitating repulfO on every occasion, ploco and mmner. L.ovo will dm without hone. Tn crut.li leva in tho hud is easy; hut trille ami tamper with ! il till il has taken rool in the heart, nm! Us destruc tion is attended with the extinction of the heart's best and noblest feelings. Never forfeit this trimo maxim in these matters: not "o dlicuumttr is always to eneourur.' Your choice, 1 will not, I would not bias. Hut I had rather hear that you are engaged to a man of good character and industrious habits, than to iho wealthiest man without them; for in this coun try, lhcs.0 are always a sure pledge of line I suc cess. A mean and culpable species of coquetry, is tho practice of not giving decided encouragement, or repulse with a view of keeping you a slave still you have learned to use the cant phrase, you cannot do better. 1 know not on expression that betrays more despicable meanness. She who uses it, shows a willingness to sell her hand-that is revolting in the highest degree. No one, not even a parent, can tell what chor nriar will tender any lady hnpior, but herself, on herself alone, then must and ought to rent hu rPMioiwit"'''r of her choice. I have seen so many marriages, comoicuccn wni. mi me ginier uf wealth and pomp, terminato in misery and brok en hearts; and so many that were begun with no very promising nuupiciej, which have proved as happy ns human life adirits, that I am convinced tint the parent who officially interposes, stands an swerable lo God, his child, and his conscience, in a j degree of responsiblcncsi most feaiful and trcmcnu i our. Ladies ton oflen nttciiipt to catch husbands, nb anglers catch fish by dlauing the bait as he ap proaches it, till he is. impelled to grusp at every hazard; but she who angl-s fur a husband, may find loo late, that she hasgaiicd the mnnnt iho expense of the husband's) contideirce in her principles and heart. A.vncii'ATiori. This cold world of ours,amidsl Hi, .nuhi,iu uy ui tiic, iiii wlnic- it soeiiia to dnligiil ulonc, in thiou,iig intr ,nau iho noar lint's i.f a Hoiil-uhillitig destiny, .h not viUhoiit Us redeeming intetvals of happiness. There is a cheering Or.iU. in tho dear wilderness of Us sotri s. A 'ay of Heavenly sunshine, tlnitglrauis. ui.i i. ' a.v tui .ugh the woe beclouded ilarhtets of Iii.'.mh mainlining. Have wo parted from those we lovi love deirer, oh! dearer than life ileilfl And has the eepera tinil iustilated us, cut us otl'from ever) earthly feli city, and left us sad anc ahuie, though in midcl ofcheerfiil races. Has it madu us aliens and strang ers amidst, tho crowd tjiat surrounds us, with tin other hotd'upnn its good feeling, than the sliangei's claim to the stranger's kindness I There aru still bright spots in Ihe sombre shadovvings of the scein.'; for the insulated hoarllmt found, in cve.v acquain tance a fneiid, and onnvc.-y bueoni tho evidence of kindly feelir.g ! Hut above all, there is, in the gloomiest hour of its loneliness, a mellu tun in the rainbow of hope, which nought but despair it self can obscure. It is the object of all that the heart prizes in its afTccliuns, and all it dwolls upon in the musing of its anticipsliuiis t Antici atom ! Thou art the sweutner of this lutter life. 'Tis thou lhat driiest gloom from tbe gloomy heart, and chase. t away I he sorrows that intrude themselves upon the burrowful. Tis thou that Ukctt "The sliug ("u J'eu " That learnest u to fi.rget the burning bitterness of Iho last -'farewell and God bless you;" in tho ac compan)iug ademption of the valedictory. " Tit thou that learm the heart ill flight Trom prHMit wue lo hoped dclt-hl." There is not in human sen.ibllily.su bright a ministration of happiness as this. Tube assured, amidst the stormy yicissliodes of life, that there is one who tlr.iiks of you one who communes with your sorrows and weeps ovoi them though distant; and Alio will shortly hover over you wild the con solatium which affections can alone impart, is an emotion that no tine can apptcetstu but he who his felt IU I'uacifii ui iicK itr.KliKS. The mode of getting an oflire lit the U. States it not unlike ihe way they nianszo amonir the Turks, though to be sure we don't bane our offiee-h.dders lo get nd of them. There i an extract frotn an trltcie in the Navtl Magaime s 'There is .et an offset! in any brsre h of lurkith govrrnmeni,fri. lhat Grand Virier down to ofthem-Mt oeitr choujib, which mar not be 'purchased; and when thuaobittned, be cutiterted . into an instrument of r pnresi.,n and fraud. Nor I doe tb monarch encounter anr contiderable titk 'otlcritn thu unirerttl tuelwa of p!c; for f lbs ;p. K AIH.B."....Jr rrewi.!.. isao. Incumboit fail to meet Itli ronlrnct. It n 1 1 ' . - " eaty . ins in icmi nim the bow string; or, if he It al.li. rrin,tiiiM 1 1, r. r I. . t . . a I " " . lnc IH,r- Irt I"!"'"'" rll In .r- , wv.n, nun ma coiu ana u lonu. Vet evn on n-.U. of the hir.he.1 i.l., ..i . the realm, anpiro to the MtuMioti of Vizirr.tlinuch thisollice is worth bul Ihtce vcars and a lialfoflifn that being the average time bo'ween (he instalment of tlm aspirant and hi violent death. Turkey at leisl.lhc path of ambition lies up a perilous sleep; he who climbs is sure to fall if not in -gaining the elevation ct in his first look from the sum mit." Coiift'NNioiinl Debate. till .UMTUl'Kr.l of the $nUe of the 1'nllie l.aniU uniting the Statu. .r.i ... -,( ... (ft ,,, iiousi: or itrmi;nrt rivKs, maiich til. c o j. c l t ti i; n . Tho next objection which I shall urge nginst tho scheme of applying the whole income to the con miction or ships and forts is, that it violates n gient fundamental principle of policy a pnnriplo which has heretofore, in the administration of the finance., been disregarded, to the great injury of the Western country. The principle is this : as lliu public revenue is collected from all the I'eoplo of the nali-jn, in its d.slursoiiient if should he re turned to tho parts of tho country from which il has been drawn, with as great a regard to equality as n uiio attention lo tho aggregate interest of tlm 1'"ullc wl11 How. I agree with my friend from ..mine, i.nr l-.VA.Ns.) that tho duties on foreign meichadiso aro paid by tho consumers. I agree that in the dibiiremi!iil of tho public money, the preponilc-anco of Iho general good, nnd not the ut i idontnl benefit, should he the criterion. lint I dis ngreo with him Hint, in Ihe expenditure of the pub lic money, the incidental advantage should weigh nothing. It ij true thai the con-uructinn of a foi tificiitiiin in Kentucky merely to scenic to the peo ple the incidental advantage of the ep.iiiditoro would bo ridiculomr. Hut It would bo equally ridi culous to make a road along tho margin of tho sea for the s iku of the incidental benefit. It has pleas ed Gud so to form our extensive country, 60 to di versify the interests of'diU'ercnt sections, that the enlighlened statesman, in the conduct of our public affairs, will never find the general nnd incidental advantages of the Goiernmenl to come in conflict. When the improvements aro nmdo which Naturu indicates hhuuld be on tho frontier and in thu inferi or, the general and local interests of the whole Uninn will be sustained; and the preponderance of gonarul o..J win 0"i r...j :.. I.-, v .,.v --.'Itintn! tt,(i'0Mt.a-' Mi;tfi.i..j taJiniiiiuM lion. Now, sir, this schetuo of devoting our whole means lo thu Navy and fortifications will perpetua te and fasten upv the country the unjust policy of expending the whole revenue, of the Republic on tho seahord a policy that has long pi mailed lo ex haust Iht West to enrich the East. Sir, let us pause hero fur a moment lo consider how tho flagrantly unjust and partial expenditure fo tho whole money on one si.lo of iho Union, fur tho support of only part of tho great nationn inter est, first took its riso, and how it ha been contin ued. When the Constitution went into oppeiatton, all iho States then in existence wasc situated on the Atlantic ocean. That instrument (as wns tiatniHl) received such construction,), and waa re duced lo practice no as to suit the tlmn existing interest of iho Peoplu. They then depended on foreign commerce for the exchange of iho surplus protlurtH f their industry. To facilitate this lor eign commerce, the system which has tincu cost ihe '.all in in, 111 'in on millions was commenced, of making bieakwaters, piers, improvement uf bnya, iiiIpN, harbors, thu mouths of rivers, and light houses Ur.. U.c. Hut, since the adoption of Ihe Cotisiitiiljon the number of the Stales has doubled, or will, probably, in a few days; tho nation has spread over the interior of the continent; an inter nal coinmerre has grown up far more valuable than tho f iroign commerce; yet thoto aro still many good people in the old States who believe that ours is a salt water Constitution, and that it would bo the most unconstitutional thing in the world to spond a dollar of the public money above the ebb and flow of the tides. Such, sir, is the force of old habits of thought, especially when interest hap ipens lo run in the same channel. The cliuse in tho Coiislilulum which has been construed to con fer the power on Cungrens to make improvement for the benefit of foreign commerce, reads in the following words : "Congress shall have power to 'regulate commerce with firelgn nalions,:nd among 'the several Slates, ant1 with the Indian tribes." Although tho very same words are used in rrtgard to foreign and domestic commerce, yet many of our Atlantic brethren, while they are willing to expend ( i millions-to protect, defend, and facilitate foreign i , commcrcp, believe it would ho exceedingly uncoil- I ) slitutional to give a cent for the security and farali I ty of interior commerce Hut, sir, the tuns has arrived .v hen this salt water exposition of the Con stitution must give way lo the progress of lilt; na lions) expaiiaiuu. Our Constitution was fur mod for the continent, and nut fur ihe seaboard. It scope insufficiently broad lo comprehend wiihm lis beneficent provwtions every part of our extended and extending country. Sir, the present uryost scheme of confining Ihe national deleMns to the buiidmg of ships and the erection uf fortifications, nnd Uie application of nur whole means to ibe.e ofejacls. will perpetuate this old rotten partial sytein of expending alt the pub lic money on one tide of the country, Una rtasvu why a ) stein to revolting tu trasqo, and to pros i tralivr of miller, ha been so Jung conlituicd, it ibi: ' money is power;" tud this mode of partial i expenditure, while il has exhausted Ihe Wett, hat ' o rnnciitd the grett Cltie. ou the teacett, tint ' they have acquired an undue luflusneo upon tbe legitlaiion of the country. hioce the yer naitbere hat been very neatly a tboutand rriibon of dollar collecUd from the Peo?! of thu country, and tyoit4 by tew era- :v v n is K It M,f. ' tral Government. Of tin vast uln, tha Wrttetn Miriiiini.(iit vl tlliD lin VMIilt . enmity hit paid it full ?ronottiott. Ycl the ro- . . . - "... P' " tht coimttv hue been dnmird for near half a crntuiy to aep their mblance (low into the Ni tinntl Ticamry, and from thence poured out in prufiitinn along thutnaiitime frontier. To cnnctiido thlf bianch of the a'ibject. 1 am oppojed to voting all our mean tn a Navy and foils, brratlan it u-oiilil Li liiM adfirillnn if railiral . thdnee in the policy of our Government uson tin spur of the occasion, without consulting the Peo pie; because it would .'ay the fotindntfon of a Urge standing Army, and biing heavy charges on the country; because the building nf ships and forts arc not the only nor the best way to provide fur tha national defence; because it would perpetual partial system nf disbursing the public treasure, by giving il all to the srabord; and because it would Inid to such a vhsl inrrrate of tho expeusea of the Goveinment.atiil consequently to such an exten sion nf its power and tn'.ronage, thai our libertt Hating first reasoned to show lhat our revenue should not he suffered to accumulate in the Trea sury; and, second!!', to prove that it should not all be expended on the seacoast in ships and fortifica tions; I will now in the third and last p1sre,atlcmpt tn prove that so much of ll as ha arisen, and will ari, from the sales of the public lauds, ought lo he divided among the Slate'. This plan stand recommended by the fact thai it has beon long and deliberately considered und approved by the Peo ple, it having at a former session passed both Hou ses of Cong-ess by lsrge majorities, and lios receiv ed the approbation uf many of the State Legisla tures. Sir, whot is the state of Iho cnao 1 Wo now have in tho Treasury 6li0,fi71 ltifi S5. which has secured from tho sales of the public domain, ( which is tho common properly of iho People uf Ihe U. S.J over the necessary wiinta of the Federal Govern ineiil. Now the great question is. whether this largo sum of money shall ho divided among tint Slates, to be expended tinder their own councils for the improvement of the condition of ihe People; or shall it be added to the awclliug flood of federal expenditure, tu hum. still higher federal power, and extend the range of 1'edornl palronage'to a broader circumference? Shall the whole of our surplus revenue bo Ihron'n into the maul slrom, Iho grand whirlpool of centrifugal extravagance where it will draw after it tlm reimining barriers of freedom into tho same gorge ? These nre-the weighty ques tions on thu derision of which hangs the fate of liberty. If the division among the Stale should take place, the following statement will show thu proportion of each Slate of which is already in tho Treasury : T.WLI1 thawing Iheiimiunt to which each State will he entitled. Pideral Sliurefor IMieee ''0t( population each State, per i rut 0new statu. 39n, IH7 C03,O2 SC3.3W .I1.I.I17 OlOVlni! 1. 05 WW 07.104 lt!7,(IVJ 897.61,1 .11:1 .17V "H0.U.-.7 tit-I.J.'J.'! l.!IH,.1'.n 3.300A03 3 1 0,9 W 151,1:61 11WI7'. 2.3.l'il 7.,-t:ii 130.120 io a t:i 7ouji7o 1.0t,1tU 1,705,551 W,7.7 1.10.1,473 t .5.02.1 7CJ.0III 1-U.MI 711,4?.') 1,113-.' 1.079.6K0 CM.2C3 l.07n7fl 41 O.'li.tttll 1,014.400 i30,P.14 l,fl4S,. 171.C0J 2ai),17'J Clt'M 303.733 'Jt.1.031 5tl,7?ll 3M.4B1 017,213 157.1 1 271.07(1 4!l3,7ro1 761,11311 l;W ll'J 924,97? 174.T.VI SMMO 1 10 3ilt 190.307 71111,10.1 973,770 202, Wll; 4S2 tli0 it 1.040 09 1 "fill Maine N llninphiro Mais n.hn-cttl Ilhode liUnd Connecticut Venn iint New York ,w Jeney I'eniiiylvaiini Delaware. Maryland Virginia North Carolina Jvoith Curohua Georgia Kentucky Triuiem-e Ohio Loui'inria lll'lillllll lllmoii M iiiouri MttMHippi lahHlfiil It is estimated that Ihe annual retoipU from sales of the Public domain w ill in future be ten millions of dollars. From this data n cnlciila'ioii can easily he made of the proportion of each Sta'e for any given number nf years. If Iho Lund bill should pans, I havn no doubt but the principle nf it will become the permanent policy of the country. There) is yet in the limits of the II. Slates more than n thousand millions of acres of unsold land; it would supply ample funds for the State for centuries lo come. What stupendous results might be produ oil upon tho power, ihe agriculture, Ihe commerce, Ihe wealth, Ihe comfort, the Intelligence ar.J hap piness of Iho People of the (J. Stales, by this appli cation of their great public domain ! This compre hcuiive, this all-pervading, this equal, this maguifi caul plan for the disposal of the proceeds of the sales of the public lauds, in piaclico a few years, would exhibit a degree of improvement in the V. Stale surpassing all the nations of the earth. The modern system of constructing roads and improving rivers, with the full development of the power of the steam, would bring Ihe distant parts of tho country so near tngether.thal constant intercourse, mutual interest, and commercial exchange would mould the discordant pirts lu'.oa homogeneous national character, which would be the best guar anty for the pnrpMuity of Ihe Unijn, and the dura bililf of AiiioiH-.ii liberty.. While thu Interest f lie whole country would harmoniously uoitw in this great measure, tho Western duuulry has a right etjicially to rail a loud for its sdnption, whore, for reasons already given, tbe Constitution has never been considered in full f.-rcr. The- present condition of the Trea. ury furnube the means to extend the fottering rare of the Government to all the great interests of th whole LJiiofi, and ftirever to wipo out the re prnacli ofarorillim to one pettion of tho country, tu ihe oppression uf another. Kentucky, although entirely iteylerled heretofore, though deprived of a fair parivripaltutTin the benefits of tin Government, has navcr cnmplaiaed at tostaimog her thare of ita burdens, A full proportion of the Itxi-t lit tlwava been slid, and Intht lo wars more than her pro portion of blood was shed for ihe grnertl defence, ier since iheyrtr 1701 tbe list looked on at ft partial adrnin.airsliou of the public finance, by whuh hrrtubittnce hasbceo drtwn -wtv, and de voted to improvements in which ibs lud only a re- ' Ojf.ta and eoocttquentnJ illurt. And wb.!e the f ib:ie mocbi b-ee the dispottd of, bi dt.