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"LIRERTV AND UNION, NOW AND FOREVER ONE AND INSEPARAIH.n."... .Jr.rrKMO.i..
roLirnc xi.ii. RUTLAND, TUESDAY, JU4G 98, IS.1G. iv i) n 11 1: k 7. Che sttutlauttftrrflltt. SCaUIHXIl tVSfcT TUUDAT, ATKCTLAKP, VT. ST WILLIAM I' AY. poktr r. Frew tW .Vrw l'f k H'ltliy Manager. THE ORPHAN. 1t wearr Isborer homeward fort i The Wis of ere pit s Th crsdl'd lab to Its repeat Iteth gently souk it ltiL OVr ehitdhc-od'i rooth tht mother Voji, With tender, tsrioui air. While Irm tht lltpto; (nujrue irceoJi The hymn and simple prayer. Th4 hyma an! simple prayer ere said "HoM oijhl Good nliil" they cry, Aev (till the moths r rnunl the bed Ji tjsrin watchfully. Tbeir lull (islwli til r o'er, The shout, () merry ll, T laugh. tad are hesrd no ioifo They ilaruber, one and all 31-p, hlertod children, etlm ul free, Ueneerh parent's eye Y tit 11 reck what change would be, Wert the you lore lo die. Pw.r Agnes in th churtliy-J standi ; There weeping ill alms To hraveo the lifli her little hands, llone nolhir ih hath none AdJ the 1 fill I J with grit find fear ; For none en earth hith ihe. To trip away the bitter Irir, And soothe her tcoderly. When fint htr mother tlieil, il seemed At though her heart would break ! Though naught the knew cf death, end deemed She might once mora awake ; And llo-ered, lingered roonj the bed, Anil listened for her breath, Tilt ttrangrn came, and the vrtt ltd From (ha cold bed of death. The psri.h toolc the orphan child, But cold and itern rebuke, Unlike her mother's eccenti mild, Poor Agnei ill could brook. Yet 'lwi not ouly word. uokiod, Tint drove the child away, Dot something pressed upon her mind, 6he could Dot would not itay. And to, nn night, when all wea ttill, And no one by lo see, Sbe stole away, and ran until She reached tht withered tree. Theogh far the path her feet had trodt No iheller would the era re t She only wished to tec the ami, That made htr mother's grate. The winds of oight cxme ruihing by, tt wai a mourful sound To one who had not when, to lie, Savt on tht damp, cold ground.' Fhe taked about her "All at reit ! The field-flowers hare their hme; The little bird art in their neit l The beet no looser roam ; nut I, to night, my bed muit take Beneath thil blaited tree ! Oh, mother, your poor heart would brk, If you could look on me." While thui she made her chlklith moan, Bleep o'er har lemei crept. And thcrr, at midnight, all alone, The orphan wanderer ilept. No : not alone he ilept. The one Who Uardi the folded floweri And opet it to the morning iuii, Watched o'er her in that hour 1 Era Hit grey mitt the hill furtook, It chanced, an a;ed dame, To rather crenei at (he brook. Near the lone erarcyard, came. A childteis widow, ehe had none To iiuoothe her downward way ; Her taodi of life were almoit run, God wu her only itay. Ehe look the crphin to her home, Korpity wanned her breait ; Now, ne'er by night ihall A;oc roam, or e'er cmheilered rett. TIiNccIlany. THE MYSTERY. The incident that constitutes this "mystery happened juit as I relitc it. The writer can hurt no one by it recital, fur thoio whore feelings might hive been pained by the allusion, are no more. In the summer of 1610, tho inhabitants of the little tillsge of M wero considerably excited by an occurrenco of more than common mystery, which for a time roused ita feeling to a pitch cf cu riosity tho more intolerable since it seemed very certain tt would never be gratified by any explana lion. It wsa Saturday evening tho tranquil village in iu valley wis undiiturbcd by any noiso save tho occxaiional tinkling of the farmers' teams, or Ihe bleating of tbr nocks In Ibo luxuriant fields the vjlUgers ereall hartnleoely enjoying themtclvc tome standing at the u icket gates, othcra sitting at tbeir humble meals with the cottage doori thrown open for tbe admUnoo of the smill portion of the eullry air which was slirring ; when, just as the church clock chimed helf-paal-five, a travelling chariot and four waa observed dashing down the bill Into the village. The sight slope created no liJtle aitoniahment ; but the marvelling increased when this asm dark brown chariot, without arms. crest or initial, stopped at the little public boons dignified by ibe title of the "Caatle Inn," and a gentleman alighted, aaaieting a female figure au completely enveloped in the drapery of summer, that nought save one fair wasted band, which seem ed to cling to the supporting arm ot her compan ion, wu liaib'e it was tbe left hand, bet no gold badge on Iu tUrd finger tended lo confirm the Til lage goatipa o tbtir opinion that tbe rulttrs were br44 utd bridegroom. The blinds of the room into which they were uWd were iaiU&Uy drawn down, and tiler hav log elsijJy ordered Too ma for fnr," the maid and aa mi ant retire to tbrfr titling arartrecnt. No luj:( rrtjuirtd the fixtran'e cire no batkett I delainrd the raiid n card Inforwd the wonder ' : Injj landlord whom he cottrtabcJ, od litllt'W wi til upin arroa. About two hundred yardt ont or the tillage wit rrnertbls pile rrmirkablo for Iti map nificctl rite and rallrry of pietutn, called M IMac, and it being what U termed 'innt-tumtt,' many were the viiiter from ihe lunourrding ton, one of which wit i fiehtonabta and frequented watering. place. On Wednerdiyii and Siturdiyi, It wit, t ia now, open from 1 1 until 0, after which time the Emperor of all tbe Huniaa might demand admittance in tain. At ten minute lo tlx, the nourau arrivt wit observed walking down the village at a rapid pace he. turned itHo the church-yard threaded hie way with haity itepi" through the gratc-atonee, and after "pringing over the alile, croescd the noble lawn on which ttood tlio Caat!c ruin, and rang vio lently at the portal gato. Il wit opened by I ho old portroea. "la M Place still to be aeen 1" demanded ihe ttrtngcr. "It ( open nn Weduoday and Saturday, but you are too lnte tn eeo it to-day," waa the nniwor. "Too late !" exclaimed tlio agitated applicant, "imponible ! it, la not yet tx do not deny me I cannot be too late n friend, ill, dying perhaps, it with me, o han travelled seventy miles this day on purpose I am nor too late 1" "It want five minutes tu aix, Sir," said the old woman, "and being Saturday night we shut up ear lier I cannot admit you, Sir." "My good woman S" cried the visiter in a voice of tupprcsecd agony, "if money will open that gate iti youra my fortune any thing, shall bo yours, only allow a lady a young lady to enter for one short hour.'' "But, fir," pcreistcd tho nortrees, "it is against my Lord's rules," "Impossible ! tho owner would not hcntale did ho know all all that I do ! My good woman, if to night ia impossible, will you admit us to-morrow 1" "Sunday, air ! oh no can't the lady rotno on Wednesday I" Wednesday t Good God ! one may end hct life. My friend," continued tho dtrangcr, grasping tho old woman's arm, "I will tell you tho truth this lady ia young, beautiful, and dying in a rtrango lnnd her last and only wiqli is lo ece but for a moment theso ruins, where her happiest hours wcro spent; it is impossible that ahe can live a week now pauso before you answer me -this ia a case almost of life and death will you open these gates by oino to morrow, before service 1" Tbe old woman wavered somo time and at last consented, "Thank you," said the stranger, drawing his hat over his eyes "you will not repent this wo will to punctual." As may bo imagined, this alone tended to mysti fy tho portress greatly, who hsd aeen from the rampatta the now arrival ; and tlio next morning before nino, she was waiting at the stilo in a state of hurried expectation. No sooner had tho hour chimed, than tho stran ger and his companion entered tho church-yard. Curiously did tho old woman observe them ooth as they slowly advanced towards the stilo from which the fint glorious view ofM l'laco wa obtained. The gcntlerniin was tall, fair, and young, but a shade of tho deepest, tho most bitter anguish was upon his countenance. The portress glanced from ono to tho other slio fancied there was a strong likeness. The arm of the stranger was thrown round the slight, shadowy figure of tho lady, whose lovely face, colorless as tbe purest alabaeter, bore traces of the sad ravages ofdiEcasc. She advanced with slow and feeble steps, her eyes fixed on the ground until they stopped at tho stile. Then, as the mag nificent building with its sloping lawn and stately c1m!, buret on the light, ehe raited them, and dapp ing her small thin hands on her breast, a gleam of delight lit up their deep blue with sudden splendor; she Icaut her head on her companion's arm, and suppressed sobs agitated her feeble frame. The emotion was but for a moment the next she rote fixed on Ihe stranger ono long food gaze, then turning again towards the ruin, ehe breathed her last faint Meh whilst regarding its apparently dearly-loved walls. To paint the wild agony of the stranger were bc rond Ihe power of mortal hand. Shocked as was the old portress at the tragical event, she waa more t distressed to witness the grief of the wretched sur- vivor; yet amidst it all, he preserved his incognito; no nemo escaped his lips, and atill the question went rnnnd. "Who is hoi" A week peered, and a spot of ground in the ro mantic churchyard received the remains of tho joung and lovely girl. No breath of communica tion passed Ihe lips of the officiating minister, if tkt $nrtt had Ixcn dttcloitd to him. Immediately after the funeral, the chariot and focr wound up the hill out of the village, and the atrtnger, its mysterious and bereaved oncr, was never seen again. Hut there stands now in the churchyard a fair white marble monument enclosed within rails. Jt is composed of a tall square pedes tal, on which stands an urn; on one aide of tbe pe destal ia the relievo of two doves, cue lifeless, the other hovering above ita body; on the other side is this simple inscription in black letters "ELLEN." London Court Journal. TEMreajtLK at tub samdwich ibla.h&s. Rev. Levi Chamberlain, mnaiooary of tbe A - II. C. K. M. in a letter to Ilobu Raliton, Esq. of I'bilidelpbia, dated Honolulu, Jan. '25, aays : "In November a petition signed by every .hip mister then n the j Port of Labaioa, 18 In all, was addreeed to the ( Governor implnricg him to (top the aale of ardent spirits, which had been brought to that port from Oahu, and tbeir peMtton was promptly attended lo. Soon after, some of the same ship masters ee coned by others, than at tl.il port, petitioned tbe King to annihilate tbe traffic. A respectable bodrcTUie chiefs and common oeoolehave Dctilioned tbeir lovering to pot a Hop to tbe manufacture of native ram, and the sale of irdeet spirits of every kind throughout tbe Sand- wich Minds. Tbtse trTarU we trust will not be itrain. FnalflCAl. ' Wakiiisoto.i, Araii. 7,1830. TO GEN. 'M. H. HARRISON. Sim I rrms-.decit the right of every citiien of the United State la ask snddemsnd, and In be ful ly informed of, iho political principles and opinion ofthflae who are candHlslea for the various office In the gift of the IVopIt, nd Ihe imperioue duty of the candidate to frankly and fully avow and declare the opinions which he entertains. I, therefore, as a voter, a citlren, and an individual, feeling a deep and abiding intereat in the welfare and prosperity of our common country, and an ardent desire tt. ree the perpetuity of our free and happy furm of Gov ernment, tako the liberty of aakjng you lo pie mo your opinin.i and icwt on the following subject : lt. Will you (if eleclad President tiftho U.S.) sign and approve a bill distributing the surplus rr venuo of the United Stale to each Stale, accord injr Iq the federal population of each, for Internal improvements, education, and (much other objects as the Legislatures of the-several Kiie ns; . tit to apply the samel 2d. Will you e ign and approve a bill distributing Ihe proceeds of tho aalo of the public lands to each State, according to the federal population of each, for the purposes above epecilied I 3d. ill yon sign ami apprnvo bills making appropriations to improvo navigable etrcama above ports of entry 1 4th. Will yon sign and approve fif it becomes necessary to tcctiro and save from depreciation the revenue and finances of the nilion, and tn afford a uniform sound currency t tho I'vopln nf the United StatcaJ a bill (with proper modification and re striction; chartering a Bank of l lie U. S. Bth. What is your opinion s lo tho constitutio nal power of the Senate or House of Representatives of Iho Congress of tho U. Slilo, to expunge or nblitcrato from the journals the records and proceed- inge of a previous sessions A frank, plain, and full answer to the foregoing inquiries is respectfully and cornestly solicited. 1 our answer is desired as soon as possible. I in tend this and vour answer for publication. I have the honor to bo your humblu and obedient servant, SHERROD WILLIAMS. GEN. HARRISON'S REPLY. North Bhno, May 1st, 1830. Sir: I havo the honor to acknowledge tlio re ceipt of your letter of the 7l.li ultimo, in which you request me to answer the following questions : 1st. "Will you, if elected President of tho U. S. sign and approvo a bill distributing tho surplus re venue of the U. S. to each State, according to tlio federal population of each, for eternal improvement education, and to such olhor objucu tlo Legis lature of tho several States may see fit lo apply tho eamcl" 2d. "Will you sign and npprovo a hill distribut ing the proceeds of the sales of the public lands to each Stato according to the federal population of each, for the purposes above specified 1" 3d. "Will you sign and approve bills making appropriations to improvo navigable streams above porta of entry V 4th. "Will you sign and approve (Kit becomes necessary to secure and save from depreciation the revenue ond finances of the nation, and to afibad a uniform sound currency to tho I'coplo of the U. S. ) a bill (with proper modifications and restrictions, chartering a Ilanlc of tlio U. S, fith. "What is your opinion ns to tho constitu tional power of tho Senate or House of Represen tatives nf the Cnngrcs8s of tho United Stales, to expunge or obliterate from tho journals tho re cords and proceedings of u previous setaion?" l,vrom the mnancr in which the four firet ques tions arc stated, it appears that you do nut ahk my opinion as to the policy or propriety of tho measures to which they rcitpectiuUy refer; hut what would bo my course, if they wero presented to inu (being in the Presidential chair of the U. S.) in the shape ot bills, that had been duly paseed by the Se nate and House of Representatives. From the opinions which I have formed of the intention of the Constitution, as to the cares in which Iho voto power should beexcrcifed by tho Prcisdent, I would have contended myself -.villi giving an affirmative answer to the four first ques tions 1 but from the deep interest which has beep, and indeed is now, felt in relation to all these sub- jects, I think it proper to express my views upon each one eeperately. 1 answer, then. 1st. That the immediate return of the surplus money which i, or ought to be, in the Treasury of the U. S. to the possession of iho People, from whom il was taken, is called for by every principle of policy, and indeed, of safety to our institutions, and 1 know of no mode of doing it better than that Recommended by the prctcnt Chief Msgitlrate in his first annual mcuago to Congrets in the following words : '-Tn avoid thtic teiU.it uyprar$ tomtai the VMl iafe,juit and fede ral dirpotition trhiih covld If made nf the tvrplu; re venue, uould be iti apportionment amon the lit eral Statu according to the ratio of rqtresentation." This dispoBition has reference to a state of things which now actually rxUts, with the exception of the amount of money thus to bo dirposed of for it could not have been anticipated by the Pretident that the surplus above the real wants of conveni ent expenditure of ihe Government wo-ild become aolsrgc.as that retaining it in the Trcaauary would so much diminish the circulating medium as great ly to ember ran the butinctt of the country. What oilier ili.pu.itiun can be made of it wiih a view to get It into immediate circulation but tu place it in tho hands of the late aulhnrities 1 So great l the amount, and so rapidly ia it in creaking, that it cuid uU be experided fur a very coiKidcrablc time on the comparatively few objects to -a huh it could be appropriated by the GeneiM Government ; but the dtured di.trtbuiioii yu.-r.tt tbe People could be immediately effected by the Stales, from the infinite variety of ways in which II might le employed by them. Ily them it ought be loaned lo their own banking imtllutions or even to iodinduila a mode tf distribution by tbe Cen i eril Government wbicb I siocculy hope is in Ibe I contemplation of no friend to bis country, 2d. Wbil.t I have ilwiya broadly admitted that fbt pblic Unds were tbt common property tif ill Ihe Slates, I liavn been tho advocate of that mod I (ifdicpoalng of them which would crnatn tlio great I eat number of freoholdiirs, and 1 concttved that in this way the interfile of all would be aa well se cured a by any other dispneitinn; but since, by Ihe email site of the tracts in which Ihe lands are now laid out, anJ the reduction of the price-, I hie ! desirable titoal Ion is easily attainable by any per- ; son of tolerable industry,! am perfectly reconciled I to tho distribntinn of the proceeds of tho talei a provided for by the bill Introduced into the Scn.i'e I by Mr. Clay ; the intereit of all seems to be well I provided for by his bill ; and as from the nppoaitlnn I which has hitherln been made tn Ihe disposition of! tho lands heretofore contemplated by raprcacnU- lives nf the new Statra, then is no probability of' its being adnptcd, I think II ought no longer to be insisted on. 3d. A I believe that no money ahould be liken from the Treasuary of tho United States to be et pendod nn internal improvements but for those which aro strictly national, the answer to this question would be eay, hut from the difficulty of deleiminini; vrbich of ihure that aid ftoin tltni! 10 limti ptdpoeed would be of this description. This circumstance, the excitement which has already been produced by appropriations of this kind, and the jealosies winch it will, no doubt, continuo to produce if poreirded in, give additional claims to tlio mode of appropriating all tho surplua revenue of tho U. S. in the manner above suggested. Each State will then have the means of accomplishing its own schemes of internal Improvement. Still there will he particular cases when a contemplated im provement will bo of greater advantagn to tho Union generally, and ssmo particular States, than to that in which it is to be made. In such cares, as well as those in the now States, whom the value of the public domain will begreately enlinnrod liv en improvement in the means of communication, the General Government should certainly largely con tribute. To appropriations of tho latter charactor there has never been any very warm opposition. Upon tho whole, tho distribution of the surplus re venue amongst the Stulo recnis likely to remove most, if not all, tho causes of dissension of which tho internal improvement system has been tho fruitful source. There is nothing, in my opinion, sacredly incumbent upon those who are conrerncd in the administration of our Government than that of preserving hormony bjtween tho States. From the construction of our system there fins benn, and probably over will be, mora or lees jealousy between tho General and State Governments ; hut there U nothing in the Constitution nothing in tho char acter of tho relation which tho State bear to each other which cun create any unfriendly feeling, If the common guardian ndmiuistcrs itd favors with an even and impartial hand. That this may be the caso, all those to whom, any portion ofthis dclicnte power in entrusted should always c,ct upon the principles of furbcaranco and conciliation ; ever more ready to sacrifice tho intcrcstx of their imme diate constituents rather than violate tho rights of the other members of the family. Thus? who pur sue a different course, whose rule is never lo stop short of the attainment of all which they may con sider their due, will often be found to have trespass ed upon the boundary they had themselves estab lished. Tlio observations with which I shall con clude this letter on tho subject of the veto potver by tho President will apply to this ad well ts your other question. 4th. 1 have befcro me a newspaper, in which 1 am designated by its distinguished editor "The Hunk and Federal Cundidate." I think it would puzzle the writer to adduce any act of my life which warrantH him iu identifying me with the intercHts nftho polities of the latter. Having no means of ascertaining the sentiments of tho directors and stockholders of the Rank of the U. (which is the ono, I presume, with which it wan intended lo as sociate me) I cannot sny what their course is likely to bo in relation to tlio cusui-jg election for Presi dent. Sluiuld they, however, givo ino their sup port, it will bo evidence at least that the opposition ulocli 1 gave to their institution in my capacity of repretenlative from Ohio in Congress proceeded, til llitir opinion, froma scncccf duty which 1 could not dircgard. Tho journals of tho eecond session of tho thir teenth, ond thoe of the fourteenth Congresa, will bliontlmt my votes aro recorded ogr.inst them upon every question in which llicir interest was involv ed. I did. indeed, exert inyaolf in the Senate of Ohio to procure a repeal of tho lav which had im posed an enormous tax upon the branches which had been located m the boundaries at the request of tho ci'.izens. The ground of thoso exertions was not the interests of tho Hank; but to save what I considered the honor nftho State, and to prevent a , controversy between the Stale officers and those of the U. S In the spring of 1631 I had alco the honor to preside at a meeting of the citizens of Hamilton county called for the purpose of expressing their sentiments in relation in the removal of the public inonoy from the cuatody of thu Rank by the aolo authority of the executive. As President of the meeting, I explained at sorno length the object for which it was car.v plied; but advanced no opinion in relation to there-chartering of the Rank. A moil iepectful niomorial to tho Piiieidrnt in relation to the removal of lh deposits was adopted aa were also resolutions in favor of rc-cjiarlcrtng the Rank; but, as I hare already aaid, llF was not t'le purpotefor wl ich the inciting wsa called, and not one upon which, aa preiding officer, I waa call ec upon to give an opinion, but in l'e event of so equal diviton of the vote. As a private citizen, no man can be more entire ly clear or any motive, either f-r re-chartering the dd institution, or creating an old one, under ihe authority of the U. S. I never had a imglf! ehare in the former, nor indeed in any bank, with ors ex cepnon ; snd that many fears ago failed, with the lots of the entire stock, I have po inclination a gain to venture in that way, even If I shonld ever pneaeas ihe mean. With tbe exception abeve mentioned, uf stock in a bank long vlnce broken, I never put out a dollar at interest in my life. My ioterrnl being entirely identified with Ihe cultiva tion of Ihe soil, I am Immediately and personally connected with no other. I have make this statement to show you tbit I am not committed to any coorao in relation to the chartering of a Bank of the U. t., md thit! might f o disputed, Jln in the popular cry of denuncia tion against Ihe old Inatltuttun, and upon he mi conduct prcdicalt an oppoittion to the chartering of another. I shall nolthowevcr, take the course eo oppetita lo that which 1 harm I htm followed through lift, but will give ynu my sentiments clearly and felly, not only In regard to ihe future conduct of Ihe Government on the subject of a national baak, but in relation to the operationi of that which It now delunct, I waa not tn Congress when the lite bank was chsrtef ed.bul was n member nf ihe 13th Congreis, nfler the tirat enaalon, when ihe conduct of the Sank In itt incipient moiiiiree.wat examined Into ( ted holieung from tht result of the Investigation that iho charier hid been violated, I voted for tbe judi cial investigation, with a view of annulling its char ter. The resolution for that purpose, however, failed; and tbnrtlv after, the eunagernent of Itt affairs waa committed to the talenli and integrity of Mr Choves. From tbit period to itt 5nil dieeo. lulion, (although I must ennfeea I em not a very riMiipeirrit jmlj;" nf such matters,) I have no Idtt that tn institution could Late been comluctod with mnro ability, integrity, and public advantage, than it lira been. Under these impressions. 1 agreo with General Jackson in thn opinion cxprcraod in ono nf his met sages to Congress, from hirli I make the follow ing extracts : "Tluit a Hank qflhe U. S., com' pttent to all the dutiti rcMch may U reiptirtd Ay Me fioerrnmrnl, might be so organized ai not to infrtngt on our delegated powert, or the rrrmed righti cf the Slate, I da not entertain a doubt," Rut iho peri od for rc-chartcring the old institutions has pasted as Pennsylvania has wisely taken care to appropri ate to herself the benefits of ita largo capltnl. The question tlieu, for ma to answer, is whith er under the circumstances y on stato, If elected to thoolfireof President, I would sign an net to char ter another bank, I onaivcr, I would if il waa clearly aKtrtained that the public interest in rela tion to the collection and disbursement of tho to venuo would matorially sull'er without one, anil, there wero unequivocal manifestations of public opinion, in its favor. I think, however, Iho exper iment should be fsirly tried, to ascertain whether tho finaociol operations oftho Government cannot boas well curried on without tlio aid of a national bank. If it is not necessary for that purpose, It docs not appear to me that one can constitutionally be chartered. Tlicrn is no construction which I can give the Constitution wjiii'b would authorise It on tlio ground of affording facillies lo commerce' The measure, if adopted, mual have for itt object the carrying into effect (facilitating at lesal the ex ercise of,) some ono oftho powers positively grant cd to thn Gncral Government. If others flow from it, producing equal or rreatcr advantage to tlio nation, to much Ihe belter; but Ojcii ctnnol be made the ground of justifying a recourse to it. The excitement which hat been produced by tho Rank question, tho number snd respectability of those who deny the right to Congress to chir ter one, strongly recommended tho couric above suggested. fit h. I distinctly anewor to thit question, that in my opinion, neither Houses of Congresa can con stitutinnally expunge tho Record of tbeir proceed ings. Tho power to rescind certainly bolonga to them; and i, for every public legilimato purpose all that is necessary. The attempt to expunge a part of their Journal, now making in the Scnato of tlio 1J. S., I em ratiefied could never have been madoliut in a period of tho highest party excite ment, wlifrii tho voice of reason and generous feol ing is stifled by long protracted and bitter contro versy. In relation to tho exercises of the veto power by tho President, thero is I think, an important differ ence in opinion between tho present cliiof magis trate and myself. I express this opinion with let diffidence, because I beliovo mine iu in strict accord ance with those of all lbs prsvions Presidents to Gen. Jackson. The veto power, or the control of he Exocu tiin over t lie enactment of laws by tho legislativa body, waa not unknown in tho United States pre viously to the formation of the present Federal Constitution. It does not appear, however, lo havo been in much favor. The principle waa to be found, in but three of the Slate Constitutions ; and in but ono of them fMasaachusttttJ was the Executive power lodged iu the hands of a single Chief Magis trate. One other State (South Carolina) had, in deed, not only adopted this principle, tu, had given its single Executive Magistrate an absolute nega tive upon the acts of the Legislature. In all other instances it has been a qualified negative, likotlut of iho Uniteil Stales. The ppople of South Caro lina teem, however, not to havo been long pleased with this investment of power in their Governor, and It lasted but two years; having been adopted in 17.0 aud repealed in 1779; from which time thn acts of tho Legislature of that Stale have been en tirely freed from Executive cor.trol. Since the a. doption of the Constitution of the United States, the veto principle ban been adopted by several other Siattr, and until very lately, it seemed lo be rapid ly growing into fovor. Before we can form a correct opinion of the man ner in which this power rhould be exercised, it it : proper to understand tho risrorie which havo indu ced its adoption. In Us theory, II It manifestly an innovation upon tho first principles of Republican Government that tho majority should rule. Why should a single indiv,diial control the will of that majority 1 Ii will not be tsid thai there it more probability of fiod,'jg greater wisdom in tbe Execu tive chair than in Iho halls of the Legislature. Nor ran it possibly be supplied that au individual resi ding in the centre of an extentivr country can be ss well acquainted with the wants and wl.liea of a numerous people, ai thoae who corns' Immediately from amongst iheto the partslert, for a portion of tlio year, in their various labors and employments, and the witnes-es of tbe efltcU of the lawa Iri tbeir more minute aa well as general operations. Aa far, then, it il regards tho wants and wishes of the People, wisdom to discover remedies for existing evils, and devising schemes fur increasing th pub lic provf erity, it would setui that the Legislative) ' bodies did not require the sld of the Executive Me ' giatrsle. Out there Js a principle recognised by all I'hs Americas Constitution, which was unkattwa to the anc".n' Repb'iti. If ojIi tt in wire lUt