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Rutland herald. [volume] (Rutland, Vt.) 1823-1847, June 28, 1836, Image 1

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"LIRERTV AND UNION, NOW AND FOREVER ONE AND INSEPARAIH.n."... .Jr.rrKMO.i..
roLirnc xi.ii.
RUTLAND, TUESDAY, JU4G 98, IS.1G.
iv i) n 11 1: k 7.
Che sttutlauttftrrflltt.
SCaUIHXIl tVSfcT TUUDAT, ATKCTLAKP, VT. ST
WILLIAM I' AY.
poktr r.
Frew tW .Vrw l'f k H'ltliy Manager.
THE ORPHAN.
1t wearr Isborer homeward fort i
The Wis of ere pit s
Th crsdl'd lab to Its repeat
Iteth gently souk it ltiL
OVr ehitdhc-od'i rooth tht mother Voji,
With tender, tsrioui air.
While Irm tht lltpto; (nujrue irceoJi
The hymn and simple prayer.
Th4 hyma an! simple prayer ere said
"HoM oijhl Good nliil" they cry,
Aev (till the moths r rnunl the bed
Ji tjsrin watchfully.
Tbeir lull (islwli til r o'er,
The shout, () merry ll,
T laugh. tad are hesrd no ioifo
They ilaruber, one and all
31-p, hlertod children, etlm ul free,
Ueneerh parent's eye
Y tit 11 reck what change would be,
Wert the you lore lo die.
Pw.r Agnes in th churtliy-J standi ;
There weeping ill alms
To hraveo the lifli her little hands,
llone nolhir ih hath none
AdJ the 1 fill I J with grit find fear ;
For none en earth hith ihe.
To trip away the bitter Irir,
And soothe her tcoderly.
When fint htr mother tlieil, il seemed
At though her heart would break !
Though naught the knew cf death, end deemed
She might once mora awake ;
And llo-ered, lingered roonj the bed,
Anil listened for her breath,
Tilt ttrangrn came, and the vrtt ltd
From (ha cold bed of death.
The psri.h toolc the orphan child,
But cold and itern rebuke,
Unlike her mother's eccenti mild,
Poor Agnei ill could brook.
Yet 'lwi not ouly word. uokiod,
Tint drove the child away,
Dot something pressed upon her mind,
6he could Dot would not itay.
And to, nn night, when all wea ttill,
And no one by lo see,
Sbe stole away, and ran until
She reached tht withered tree.
Theogh far the path her feet had trodt
No iheller would the era re t
She only wished to tec the ami,
That made htr mother's grate.
The winds of oight cxme ruihing by,
tt wai a mourful sound
To one who had not when, to lie,
Savt on tht damp, cold ground.'
Fhe taked about her "All at reit !
The field-flowers hare their hme;
The little bird art in their neit l
The beet no looser roam ;
nut I, to night, my bed muit take
Beneath thil blaited tree !
Oh, mother, your poor heart would brk,
If you could look on me."
While thui she made her chlklith moan,
Bleep o'er har lemei crept.
And thcrr, at midnight, all alone,
The orphan wanderer ilept.
No : not alone he ilept. The one
Who Uardi the folded floweri
And opet it to the morning iuii,
Watched o'er her in that hour 1
Era Hit grey mitt the hill furtook,
It chanced, an a;ed dame,
To rather crenei at (he brook.
Near the lone erarcyard, came.
A childteis widow, ehe had none
To iiuoothe her downward way ;
Her taodi of life were almoit run,
God wu her only itay.
Ehe look the crphin to her home,
Korpity wanned her breait ;
Now, ne'er by night ihall A;oc roam,
or e'er cmheilered rett.
TIiNccIlany.
THE MYSTERY.
The incident that constitutes this "mystery
happened juit as I relitc it. The writer can hurt
no one by it recital, fur thoio whore feelings might
hive been pained by the allusion, are no more.
In the summer of 1610, tho inhabitants of the
little tillsge of M wero considerably excited
by an occurrenco of more than common mystery,
which for a time roused ita feeling to a pitch cf cu
riosity tho more intolerable since it seemed very
certain tt would never be gratified by any explana
lion.
It wsa Saturday evening tho tranquil village in
iu valley wis undiiturbcd by any noiso save tho
occxaiional tinkling of the farmers' teams, or Ihe
bleating of tbr nocks In Ibo luxuriant fields the
vjlUgers ereall hartnleoely enjoying themtclvc
tome standing at the u icket gates, othcra sitting at
tbeir humble meals with the cottage doori thrown
open for tbe admUnoo of the smill portion of the
eullry air which was slirring ; when, just as the
church clock chimed helf-paal-five, a travelling
chariot and four waa observed dashing down the
bill Into the village. The sight slope created no
liJtle aitoniahment ; but the marvelling increased
when this asm dark brown chariot, without arms.
crest or initial, stopped at the little public boons
dignified by ibe title of the "Caatle Inn," and a
gentleman alighted, aaaieting a female figure au
completely enveloped in the drapery of summer,
that nought save one fair wasted band, which seem
ed to cling to the supporting arm ot her compan
ion, wu liaib'e it was tbe left hand, bet no gold
badge on Iu tUrd finger tended lo confirm the Til
lage goatipa o tbtir opinion that tbe rulttrs were
br44 utd bridegroom.
The blinds of the room into which they were
uWd were iaiU&Uy drawn down, and tiler hav
log elsijJy ordered Too ma for fnr," the maid and
aa mi ant retire to tbrfr titling arartrecnt. No
luj:( rrtjuirtd the fixtran'e cire no batkett I
delainrd the raiid n card Inforwd the wonder ' :
Injj landlord whom he cottrtabcJ, od litllt'W
wi til upin arroa.
About two hundred yardt ont or the tillage wit
rrnertbls pile rrmirkablo for Iti map nificctl rite
and rallrry of pietutn, called M IMac, and it
being what U termed 'innt-tumtt,' many were the
viiiter from ihe lunourrding ton, one of which
wit i fiehtonabta and frequented watering. place.
On Wednerdiyii and Siturdiyi, It wit, t ia now,
open from 1 1 until 0, after which time the Emperor
of all tbe Huniaa might demand admittance in
tain.
At ten minute lo tlx, the nourau arrivt wit
observed walking down the village at a rapid pace
he. turned itHo the church-yard threaded hie
way with haity itepi" through the gratc-atonee, and
after "pringing over the alile, croescd the noble
lawn on which ttood tlio Caat!c ruin, and rang vio
lently at the portal gato.
Il wit opened by I ho old portroea.
"la M Place still to be aeen 1" demanded
ihe ttrtngcr.
"It ( open nn Weduoday and Saturday, but you
are too lnte tn eeo it to-day," waa the nniwor.
"Too late !" exclaimed tlio agitated applicant,
"imponible ! it, la not yet tx do not deny me
I cannot be too late n friend, ill, dying perhaps,
it with me, o han travelled seventy miles this
day on purpose I am nor too late 1"
"It want five minutes tu aix, Sir," said the old
woman, "and being Saturday night we shut up ear
lier I cannot admit you, Sir."
"My good woman S" cried the visiter in a voice
of tupprcsecd agony, "if money will open that gate
iti youra my fortune any thing, shall bo yours,
only allow a lady a young lady to enter for one
short hour.''
"But, fir," pcreistcd tho nortrees, "it is against
my Lord's rules,"
"Impossible ! tho owner would not hcntale did
ho know all all that I do ! My good woman, if
to night ia impossible, will you admit us to-morrow
1"
"Sunday, air ! oh no can't the lady rotno on
Wednesday I"
Wednesday t Good God ! one may end hct
life. My friend," continued tho dtrangcr, grasping
tho old woman's arm, "I will tell you tho truth
this lady ia young, beautiful, and dying in a
rtrango lnnd her last and only wiqli is lo ece but
for a moment theso ruins, where her happiest hours
wcro spent; it is impossible that ahe can live a week
now pauso before you answer me -this ia a case
almost of life and death will you open these gates
by oino to morrow, before service 1"
Tbe old woman wavered somo time and at last
consented,
"Thank you," said the stranger, drawing his hat
over his eyes "you will not repent this wo will to
punctual."
As may bo imagined, this alone tended to mysti
fy tho portress greatly, who hsd aeen from the
rampatta the now arrival ; and tlio next morning
before nino, she was waiting at the stilo in a state
of hurried expectation.
No sooner had tho hour chimed, than tho stran
ger and his companion entered tho church-yard.
Curiously did tho old woman observe them ooth
as they slowly advanced towards the stilo from
which the fint glorious view ofM l'laco wa
obtained. The gcntlerniin was tall, fair, and young,
but a shade of tho deepest, tho most bitter anguish
was upon his countenance. The portress glanced
from ono to tho other slio fancied there was a
strong likeness.
The arm of the stranger was thrown round the
slight, shadowy figure of tho lady, whose lovely
face, colorless as tbe purest alabaeter, bore traces
of the sad ravages ofdiEcasc. She advanced with
slow and feeble steps, her eyes fixed on the ground
until they stopped at tho stile. Then, as the mag
nificent building with its sloping lawn and stately
c1m!, buret on the light, ehe raited them, and dapp
ing her small thin hands on her breast, a gleam of
delight lit up their deep blue with sudden splendor;
she Icaut her head on her companion's arm, and
suppressed sobs agitated her feeble frame. The
emotion was but for a moment the next she rote
fixed on Ihe stranger ono long food gaze, then
turning again towards the ruin, ehe breathed her
last faint Meh whilst regarding its apparently dearly-loved
walls.
To paint the wild agony of the stranger were bc
rond Ihe power of mortal hand. Shocked as was
the old portress at the tragical event, she waa more t
distressed to witness the grief of the wretched sur-
vivor; yet amidst it all, he preserved his incognito;
no nemo escaped his lips, and atill the question
went rnnnd. "Who is hoi"
A week peered, and a spot of ground in the ro
mantic churchyard received the remains of tho
joung and lovely girl. No breath of communica
tion passed Ihe lips of the officiating minister, if tkt
$nrtt had Ixcn dttcloitd to him.
Immediately after the funeral, the chariot and
focr wound up the hill out of the village, and the
atrtnger, its mysterious and bereaved oncr, was
never seen again. Hut there stands now in the
churchyard a fair white marble monument enclosed
within rails. Jt is composed of a tall square pedes
tal, on which stands an urn; on one aide of tbe pe
destal ia the relievo of two doves, cue lifeless, the
other hovering above ita body; on the other side is
this simple inscription in black letters "ELLEN."
London Court Journal.
TEMreajtLK at tub samdwich ibla.h&s. Rev.
Levi Chamberlain, mnaiooary of tbe A - II. C. K. M.
in a letter to Ilobu Raliton, Esq. of I'bilidelpbia,
dated Honolulu, Jan. '25, aays : "In November a
petition signed by every .hip mister then n the
j Port of Labaioa, 18 In all, was addreeed to the
( Governor implnricg him to (top the aale of ardent
spirits, which had been brought to that port from
Oahu, and tbeir peMtton was promptly attended
lo.
Soon after, some of the same ship masters ee
coned by others, than at tl.il port, petitioned tbe
King to annihilate tbe traffic.
A respectable bodrcTUie chiefs and common
oeoolehave Dctilioned tbeir lovering to pot a Hop
to tbe manufacture of native ram, and the sale of
irdeet spirits of every kind throughout tbe Sand-
wich Minds. Tbtse trTarU we trust will not be
itrain.
FnalflCAl.
'
Wakiiisoto.i, Araii. 7,1830.
TO GEN. 'M. H. HARRISON.
Sim I rrms-.decit the right of every citiien of
the United State la ask snddemsnd, and In be ful
ly informed of, iho political principles and opinion
ofthflae who are candHlslea for the various office
In the gift of the IVopIt, nd Ihe imperioue duty of
the candidate to frankly and fully avow and declare
the opinions which he entertains. I, therefore, as
a voter, a citlren, and an individual, feeling a deep
and abiding intereat in the welfare and prosperity
of our common country, and an ardent desire tt. ree
the perpetuity of our free and happy furm of Gov
ernment, tako the liberty of aakjng you lo pie mo
your opinin.i and icwt on the following subject :
lt. Will you (if eleclad President tiftho U.S.)
sign and approve a bill distributing the surplus rr
venuo of the United Stale to each Stale, accord
injr Iq the federal population of each, for Internal
improvements, education, and (much other objects
as the Legislatures of the-several Kiie ns; .
tit to apply the samel
2d. Will you e ign and approve a bill distributing
Ihe proceeds of tho aalo of the public lands to each
State, according to the federal population of each,
for the purposes above epecilied I
3d. ill yon sign ami apprnvo bills making
appropriations to improvo navigable etrcama above
ports of entry 1
4th. Will yon sign and approve fif it becomes
necessary to tcctiro and save from depreciation the
revenue and finances of the nilion, and tn afford a
uniform sound currency t tho I'vopln nf the United
StatcaJ a bill (with proper modification and re
striction; chartering a Bank of l lie U. S.
Bth. What is your opinion s lo tho constitutio
nal power of the Senate or House of Representatives
of Iho Congress of tho U. Slilo, to expunge or
nblitcrato from the journals the records and proceed-
inge of a previous sessions
A frank, plain, and full answer to the foregoing
inquiries is respectfully and cornestly solicited.
1 our answer is desired as soon as possible. I in
tend this and vour answer for publication.
I have the honor to bo your humblu and obedient
servant,
SHERROD WILLIAMS.
GEN.
HARRISON'S REPLY.
North Bhno, May 1st, 1830.
Sir: I havo the honor to acknowledge tlio re
ceipt of your letter of the 7l.li ultimo, in which
you request me to answer the following questions :
1st. "Will you, if elected President of tho U. S.
sign and approvo a bill distributing tho surplus re
venue of the U. S. to each State, according to tlio
federal population of each, for eternal improvement
education, and to such olhor objucu tlo Legis
lature of tho several States may see fit lo apply
tho eamcl"
2d. "Will you sign and npprovo a hill distribut
ing the proceeds of the sales of the public lands to
each Stato according to the federal population of
each, for the purposes above specified 1"
3d. "Will you sign and approve bills making
appropriations to improvo navigable streams above
porta of entry V
4th. "Will you sign and approve (Kit becomes
necessary to secure and save from depreciation the
revenue ond finances of the nation, and to afibad a
uniform sound currency to tho I'coplo of the U. S. )
a bill (with proper modifications and restrictions,
chartering a Ilanlc of tlio U. S,
fith. "What is your opinion ns to tho constitu
tional power of tho Senate or House of Represen
tatives nf the Cnngrcs8s of tho United Stales, to
expunge or obliterate from tho journals tho re
cords and proceedings of u previous setaion?"
l,vrom the mnancr in which the four firet ques
tions arc stated, it appears that you do nut ahk my
opinion as to the policy or propriety of tho measures
to which they rcitpectiuUy refer; hut what would
bo my course, if they wero presented to inu (being
in the Presidential chair of the U. S.) in the
shape ot bills, that had been duly paseed by the Se
nate and House of Representatives.
From the opinions which I have formed of the
intention of the Constitution, as to the cares in
which Iho voto power should beexcrcifed by tho
Prcisdent, I would have contended myself -.villi
giving an affirmative answer to the four first ques
tions 1 but from the deep interest which has beep,
and indeed is now, felt in relation to all these sub-
jects, I think it proper to express my views upon
each one eeperately.
1 answer, then. 1st. That the immediate return
of the surplus money which i, or ought to be, in
the Treasury of the U. S. to the possession of iho
People, from whom il was taken, is called for by
every principle of policy, and indeed, of safety to
our institutions, and 1 know of no mode of doing
it better than that Recommended by the prctcnt
Chief Msgitlrate in his first annual mcuago to
Congrets in the following words : '-Tn avoid thtic
teiU.it uyprar$ tomtai the VMl iafe,juit and fede
ral dirpotition trhiih covld If made nf the tvrplu; re
venue, uould be iti apportionment amon the lit
eral Statu according to the ratio of rqtresentation."
This dispoBition has reference to a state of things
which now actually rxUts, with the exception of
the amount of money thus to bo dirposed of for
it could not have been anticipated by the Pretident
that the surplus above the real wants of conveni
ent expenditure of ihe Government wo-ild become
aolsrgc.as that retaining it in the Trcaauary would
so much diminish the circulating medium as great
ly to ember ran the butinctt of the country.
What oilier ili.pu.itiun can be made of it wiih
a view to get It into immediate circulation but tu
place it in tho hands of the late aulhnrities 1
So great l the amount, and so rapidly ia it in
creaking, that it cuid uU be experided fur a very
coiKidcrablc time on the comparatively few objects
to -a huh it could be appropriated by the GeneiM
Government ; but the dtured di.trtbuiioii yu.-r.tt
tbe People could be immediately effected by the
Stales, from the infinite variety of ways in which
II might le employed by them. Ily them it ought
be loaned lo their own banking imtllutions or even
to iodinduila a mode tf distribution by tbe Cen
i eril Government wbicb I siocculy hope is in Ibe
I contemplation of no friend to bis country,
2d. Wbil.t I have ilwiya broadly admitted that
fbt pblic Unds were tbt common property tif ill
Ihe Slates, I liavn been tho advocate of that mod I
(ifdicpoalng of them which would crnatn tlio great I
eat number of freoholdiirs, and 1 concttved that in
this way the interfile of all would be aa well se
cured a by any other dispneitinn; but since, by
Ihe email site of the tracts in which Ihe lands are
now laid out, anJ the reduction of the price-, I hie !
desirable titoal Ion is easily attainable by any per- ;
son of tolerable industry,! am perfectly reconciled I
to tho distribntinn of the proceeds of tho talei a
provided for by the bill Introduced into the Scn.i'e I
by Mr. Clay ; the intereit of all seems to be well I
provided for by his bill ; and as from the nppoaitlnn I
which has hitherln been made tn Ihe disposition of!
tho lands heretofore contemplated by raprcacnU-
lives nf the new Statra, then is no probability of'
its being adnptcd, I think II ought no longer to be
insisted on.
3d. A I believe that no money ahould be liken
from the Treasuary of tho United States to be et
pendod nn internal improvements but for those
which aro strictly national, the answer to this
question would be eay, hut from the difficulty of
deleiminini; vrbich of ihure that aid ftoin tltni! 10
limti ptdpoeed would be of this description. This
circumstance, the excitement which has already
been produced by appropriations of this kind, and
the jealosies winch it will, no doubt, continuo to
produce if poreirded in, give additional claims to tlio
mode of appropriating all tho surplua revenue of
tho U. S. in the manner above suggested. Each
State will then have the means of accomplishing its
own schemes of internal Improvement. Still there
will he particular cases when a contemplated im
provement will bo of greater advantagn to tho
Union generally, and ssmo particular States, than
to that in which it is to be made. In such cares,
as well as those in the now States, whom the value
of the public domain will begreately enlinnrod liv
en improvement in the means of communication, the
General Government should certainly largely con
tribute. To appropriations of tho latter charactor
there has never been any very warm opposition.
Upon tho whole, tho distribution of the surplus re
venue amongst the Stulo recnis likely to remove
most, if not all, tho causes of dissension of which
tho internal improvement system has been tho
fruitful source. There is nothing, in my opinion,
sacredly incumbent upon those who are conrerncd
in the administration of our Government than that
of preserving hormony bjtween tho States. From
the construction of our system there fins benn, and
probably over will be, mora or lees jealousy between
tho General and State Governments ; hut there U
nothing in the Constitution nothing in tho char
acter of tho relation which tho State bear to each
other which cun create any unfriendly feeling, If
the common guardian ndmiuistcrs itd favors with
an even and impartial hand. That this may be the
caso, all those to whom, any portion ofthis dclicnte
power in entrusted should always c,ct upon the
principles of furbcaranco and conciliation ; ever
more ready to sacrifice tho intcrcstx of their imme
diate constituents rather than violate tho rights of
the other members of the family. Thus? who pur
sue a different course, whose rule is never lo stop
short of the attainment of all which they may con
sider their due, will often be found to have trespass
ed upon the boundary they had themselves estab
lished. Tlio observations with which I shall con
clude this letter on tho subject of the veto potver
by tho President will apply to this ad well ts your
other question.
4th. 1 have befcro me a newspaper, in which 1
am designated by its distinguished editor "The
Hunk and Federal Cundidate." I think it would
puzzle the writer to adduce any act of my life which
warrantH him iu identifying me with the intercHts
nftho polities of the latter. Having no means of
ascertaining the sentiments of tho directors and
stockholders of the Rank of the U. (which is the
ono, I presume, with which it wan intended lo as
sociate me) I cannot sny what their course is likely
to bo in relation to tlio cusui-jg election for Presi
dent. Sluiuld they, however, givo ino their sup
port, it will bo evidence at least that the opposition
ulocli 1 gave to their institution in my capacity
of repretenlative from Ohio in Congress proceeded,
til llitir opinion, froma scncccf duty which 1 could
not dircgard.
Tho journals of tho eecond session of tho thir
teenth, ond thoe of the fourteenth Congresa, will
bliontlmt my votes aro recorded ogr.inst them upon
every question in which llicir interest was involv
ed. I did. indeed, exert inyaolf in the Senate of
Ohio to procure a repeal of tho lav which had im
posed an enormous tax upon the branches which
had been located m the boundaries at the request of
tho ci'.izens. The ground of thoso exertions was
not the interests of tho Hank; but to save what I
considered the honor nftho State, and to prevent a
, controversy between the Stale officers and those of
the U. S
In the spring of 1631 I had alco the honor to
preside at a meeting of the citizens of Hamilton
county called for the purpose of expressing their
sentiments in relation in the removal of the public
inonoy from the cuatody of thu Rank by the aolo
authority of the executive. As President of the
meeting, I explained at sorno length the object for
which it was car.v plied; but advanced no opinion
in relation to there-chartering of the Rank.
A moil iepectful niomorial to tho Piiieidrnt in
relation to the removal of lh deposits was adopted
aa were also resolutions in favor of rc-cjiarlcrtng
the Rank; but, as I hare already aaid, llF was not
t'le purpotefor wl ich the inciting wsa called, and
not one upon which, aa preiding officer, I waa call
ec upon to give an opinion, but in l'e event of so
equal diviton of the vote.
As a private citizen, no man can be more entire
ly clear or any motive, either f-r re-chartering the
dd institution, or creating an old one, under ihe
authority of the U. S. I never had a imglf! ehare
in the former, nor indeed in any bank, with ors ex
cepnon ; snd that many fears ago failed, with the
lots of the entire stock, I have po inclination a
gain to venture in that way, even If I shonld ever
pneaeas ihe mean. With tbe exception abeve
mentioned, uf stock in a bank long vlnce broken, I
never put out a dollar at interest in my life. My
ioterrnl being entirely identified with Ihe cultiva
tion of Ihe soil, I am Immediately and personally
connected with no other.
I have make this statement to show you tbit I
am not committed to any coorao in relation to the
chartering of a Bank of the U. t., md thit! might
f o disputed, Jln in the popular cry of denuncia
tion against Ihe old Inatltuttun, and upon he mi
conduct prcdicalt an oppoittion to the chartering
of another.
I shall nolthowevcr, take the course eo oppetita
lo that which 1 harm I htm followed through lift,
but will give ynu my sentiments clearly and felly,
not only In regard to ihe future conduct of Ihe
Government on the subject of a national baak, but
in relation to the operationi of that which It now
delunct,
I waa not tn Congress when the lite bank was
chsrtef ed.bul was n member nf ihe 13th Congreis,
nfler the tirat enaalon, when ihe conduct of the Sank
In itt incipient moiiiiree.wat examined Into ( ted
holieung from tht result of the Investigation that
iho charier hid been violated, I voted for tbe judi
cial investigation, with a view of annulling its char
ter. The resolution for that purpose, however,
failed; and tbnrtlv after, the eunagernent of Itt
affairs waa committed to the talenli and integrity
of Mr Choves. From tbit period to itt 5nil dieeo.
lulion, (although I must ennfeea I em not a very
riMiipeirrit jmlj;" nf such matters,) I have no Idtt
that tn institution could Late been comluctod with
mnro ability, integrity, and public advantage, than
it lira been.
Under these impressions. 1 agreo with General
Jackson in thn opinion cxprcraod in ono nf his met
sages to Congress, from hirli I make the follow
ing extracts : "Tluit a Hank qflhe U. S., com'
pttent to all the dutiti rcMch may U reiptirtd Ay Me
fioerrnmrnl, might be so organized ai not to infrtngt
on our delegated powert, or the rrrmed righti cf the
Slate, I da not entertain a doubt," Rut iho peri
od for rc-chartcring the old institutions has pasted
as Pennsylvania has wisely taken care to appropri
ate to herself the benefits of ita largo capltnl.
The question tlieu, for ma to answer, is whith
er under the circumstances y on stato, If elected to
thoolfireof President, I would sign an net to char
ter another bank, I onaivcr, I would if il waa
clearly aKtrtained that the public interest in rela
tion to the collection and disbursement of tho to
venuo would matorially sull'er without one, anil,
there wero unequivocal manifestations of public
opinion, in its favor. I think, however, Iho exper
iment should be fsirly tried, to ascertain whether
tho finaociol operations oftho Government cannot
boas well curried on without tlio aid of a national
bank. If it is not necessary for that purpose, It
docs not appear to me that one can constitutionally
be chartered. Tlicrn is no construction which I
can give the Constitution wjiii'b would authorise It
on tlio ground of affording facillies lo commerce'
The measure, if adopted, mual have for itt object
the carrying into effect (facilitating at lesal the ex
ercise of,) some ono oftho powers positively grant
cd to thn Gncral Government. If others flow
from it, producing equal or rreatcr advantage to
tlio nation, to much Ihe belter; but Ojcii ctnnol
be made the ground of justifying a recourse to it.
The excitement which hat been produced by
tho Rank question, tho number snd respectability
of those who deny the right to Congress to chir
ter one, strongly recommended tho couric above
suggested.
fit h. I distinctly anewor to thit question, that
in my opinion, neither Houses of Congresa can con
stitutinnally expunge tho Record of tbeir proceed
ings. Tho power to rescind certainly bolonga to
them; and i, for every public legilimato purpose
all that is necessary. The attempt to expunge a
part of their Journal, now making in the Scnato of
tlio 1J. S., I em ratiefied could never have been
madoliut in a period of tho highest party excite
ment, wlifrii tho voice of reason and generous feol
ing is stifled by long protracted and bitter contro
versy. In relation to tho exercises of the veto power by
tho President, thero is I think, an important differ
ence in opinion between tho present cliiof magis
trate and myself. I express this opinion with let
diffidence, because I beliovo mine iu in strict accord
ance with those of all lbs prsvions Presidents to
Gen. Jackson.
The veto power, or the control of he Exocu
tiin over t lie enactment of laws by tho legislativa
body, waa not unknown in tho United States pre
viously to the formation of the present Federal
Constitution. It does not appear, however, lo havo
been in much favor. The principle waa to be found,
in but three of the Slate Constitutions ; and in but
ono of them fMasaachusttttJ was the Executive
power lodged iu the hands of a single Chief Magis
trate. One other State (South Carolina) had, in
deed, not only adopted this principle, tu, had given
its single Executive Magistrate an absolute nega
tive upon the acts of the Legislature. In all other
instances it has been a qualified negative, likotlut
of iho Uniteil Stales. The ppople of South Caro
lina teem, however, not to havo been long pleased
with this investment of power in their Governor,
and It lasted but two years; having been adopted
in 17.0 aud repealed in 1779; from which time thn
acts of tho Legislature of that Stale have been en
tirely freed from Executive cor.trol. Since the a.
doption of the Constitution of the United States, the
veto principle ban been adopted by several other
Siattr, and until very lately, it seemed lo be rapid
ly growing into fovor.
Before we can form a correct opinion of the man
ner in which this power rhould be exercised, it it
: proper to understand tho risrorie which havo indu
ced its adoption. In Us theory, II It manifestly an
innovation upon tho first principles of Republican
Government that tho majority should rule. Why
should a single indiv,diial control the will of that
majority 1 Ii will not be tsid thai there it more
probability of fiod,'jg greater wisdom in tbe Execu
tive chair than in Iho halls of the Legislature. Nor
ran it possibly be supplied that au individual resi
ding in the centre of an extentivr country can be
ss well acquainted with the wants and wl.liea of a
numerous people, ai thoae who corns' Immediately
from amongst iheto the partslert, for a portion of
tlio year, in their various labors and employments,
and the witnes-es of tbe efltcU of the lawa Iri tbeir
more minute aa well as general operations. Aa
far, then, it il regards tho wants and wishes of the
People, wisdom to discover remedies for existing
evils, and devising schemes fur increasing th pub
lic provf erity, it would setui that the Legislative)
' bodies did not require the sld of the Executive Me
' giatrsle. Out there Js a principle recognised by all
I'hs Americas Constitution, which was unkattwa
to the anc".n' Repb'iti. If ojIi tt in wire lUt

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