Newspaper Page Text
"LIBERTY ANJ) UNION, NOW AND KORI'.VER ONE AND I N'SKI' A It AIILK."....Ji i kso..
uih i,am, ti'i:sd.iy, .uji.y a, is:to. jv If .u II i; It 4S. CHr Mttciann strain. rrMiHr;n rrtii Tt'r.spaT, T M'Ti.op. vt. n W 11, t. I A M ' A Y . i) i:t r v. j. jaiuia. .mum. , -ii x-i. i i i .-I u' i iiwii G UOI) N I (5 II T. Ttat. t pKlur and ao lin.jt In almntt rtylincf th little ptm, ami l! cprt( lit ut to petl), that t rtaaot rtttt qtM-linj: it. It lit! Wrn ftjMt.hr.Unit w wtrVt in Im4.m, n l it. Ilitr'torr. nt lu lb rr.)uio j cl our it .itm --.V. . .Vottw. Tb situ St lwn. nml tim ( I T , 1Tt tM re IwkiVIhi; ih Uir vky. Net toitti nnr taper ln;r may KVr out Mithr tait ttinted ilayj TTv. limn liar patted with I1Hit fljht. V nmll matt (xtt ; (noil (light, xI nt-M ! Th bnd unto 1ir Wf r it tent, Thr ribald ttj aJjlios tpmt i Th lr" wliipf"J wonlt and fw Have liaJc the I'tiliful uiafcl ajicu ; Thr ilttM-in' (lif t silent qtittr. No fool lHiim.lt there t good night tjrxvl uijlil ! Tor ln.ljr lu lut tmrtain'd tad, The hrrJiman in hit waltlril tlint, Th' elsniman m lh h.albrrM lull, Pwc't tlrrp ta with jmi, "ne and nil ! We pailin tinpet ofdayi at hrljhl A i thit Sne by ; pnod iil;ht, Jt.il tiljlil ! Sweet tltrp l Willi ut, one nml ill ! An I if upon ll tlillnctt fill 'Hie viiinmof a buty brain, Well hare our plmtilre, o'sr again, To warm Ilia haii,ti riiarm the sight. Gay dreamt In all ! good ni-hl, good nizhl !" j .71 i h c c 1 1 a n y . "THE GREY .MARK IS THE BETTER HORSE" An nlil paper contains tlm follow in" amusing account of tlio origin of the shove proverbial pliraac 1 tiautly applioil to those nnfortunato ami diatrcerri prntlcinon vlio live under the dominion of female gnvcuiirictit, without thinking it always cxp-diout tit act tho ran of l'ctrucio towardu Ins gentle Ktn.,' .Vn. hliipU. AlgciitictiiBii in a curtain town in.KnjjUmt mar ricd younr lady of wealth and accomplishments but alan ! lie aouli dltcovvrcd that phe aa a most intolcntMc aliiw. After endiitnu' thin earthly yar- X'itrj aa Ioiijj nn hu could, he resolved to break hi. fetters, by a deliberate teparalioii. Ho accor- j 1it.f1w ti-AMt In li.ir f-flinr mnA u-ifli .i-nrnl ihtiglj went to her father, and with a rueful coun tenance informed him, that ho could no longer live with his daughter, nnd that if he would receive hrr back he would restore lici wholo lortuuu. The old gvnllcimin, after accrtaininp the cause of his riiHrry, calmly informed him thut ho wan in nearly the fume riluution rf every married man. The young gentleman, however, positively do med this assertion, and declared ilia', lie. wrh the most vvrctchci) being in OAiatoiice. "fiir" replied the old inau,"you must have little knnwlev'gti of the world, if you do not know that nil ironun govern their hubandg, though nut in the ame mode. In order however to end the dis pute, I will Mako tho truth of my assertion tn the following expedient, if you will agree to adopt it. "I will furnish you withre horses which you can harness to n cart, in which I will place a bas ket of one hundred egg, and if on, traveling through tho country, and leaving a horse, where you ascertain nn strict inquir), that the husband govern, and merely an egg where tho wife rules, ymi shall find that the eggs are disposed of before the horses, I trust that you will not consider j our own case so very dcpcrato, but be satisfied to return home and regard yo ir wife as no worse thin her neighbours. If on the other hind you get rid of tho horsca before tho eggs,! will lake my daughter home again and you may retain her fortune. Thm proposal was eagerly accepted, and our lttncJi'l sallied forth, with hopes of soon relieving himself of his five horses, and of course his gentle mate. At the first house where he arrived, be was soon corn mceJ that the ludy governed, accordingly quietly left an egg without inquiry. At the next hourchc met with no better success anJso at every other houte until his eggs were nearly exhausted. At length ho came to the maniiouofa gentleman of great allluenre, when knocking at thu door, he inquired if the master was at home, and he was told by a servant that Ins master was in bed, that if he would alight his rnistrcsj was in the parlor. He did so, and the Itdy received on traveller with much civilly, and informed him. that onlesa his business was urgent he did not wi.h to disturb her husband. "Why, tealy, madam", said he. "as I only vvi.h to ask a question, you may think it tmpertmcnt, especially ... . ...... v., . miwi.l tSrr uvtjiviiu. upon it, I hope you will excuse mo. Tray then inform me. whether you govern your husband or he rules you. The lady replied without hesitation th it it had alt ays bocn her pnd to obey her huiband in all things but that, if women's word, wis to be impeded, in such a case, ho could an swer for himself, for there he came. The gcntltnan at that mume"t entered ihc room and being informed of (he batineis.confirmcd every word which his wife had reported in her favor. On this he was requested to make a selection from tbc fivchortea in the cart, and to accept of it as a present An elegant Mark eUarger atruck the gentleman's fancy, dut lb lady prtfered Uie ere v mirr. The husband urged many reasons why he prcfercd the WnV horse ; bat MotUm still persisted in her pretence for the rcy vuirt. "It is impossible," site CJcIairoed, -that jtm will not take her ! but I y tiall, for tLe frrey nare it the Utter hone" Well my !ejr "replied the ohtdient kvilanj, "if it must be o "yon must take n e;g," replied the gentleman Carter "and I mast take my horn: again and endeavor to lite happily vjith y irjc - Daxwis, A jsdjn u IWoii ha decided that la iMite are nuutucw and way i kicked into the ;wlttr or put my her ool of the wsy. Consrriloiin! Dclmfro. .! cell r.Tlr. Ilnll, (r i:Mor ONTHK KORTI PICATION lit LI. Ilrvte ll'yrft nMtivi. .Way 51, Th Ilmitfl bning in coinmittro of llic Wholr, Mr. Mann nf.N. V. in thr chair Mr. HALL, of Vermont, roue and raid, he could not l ceo nolle it with hia acute of duty to Ida con utr.ticnu to reimin longer rilcnl in irlatinn to thr evt'iita winch Acre duly patting before him. Mr would 'iate prrforrcd (oatibniit the rry frictil iio'v wlivrh hr mtriidfd to take of acinic of tlm mn.l ioitlin mcorca lii fme Coiijreaa, when a bill mi the table fruni the iVtiate (thu Und hill; ahoultl como up for dikcuctimi ; hut ho had tcry lately txen warned by aoruo rather oinmoiio votm of the Iloofc ; that it ini;ht bo (he plraame of jjontlrinen to present any direct action of tho IIoum on that bill, Mid ha had therefore deter mined to avail hinitclf of tho present occation. He knor it wm the dcetrc of ccntleiiicn to take the i ijopftinn that titpht, mid he ahould condense hi ! remark in tuch a manner ar to occupy a a little of tho time of the committee m wan practicable. Wo have, an I think, feaid Mr. II.) readied n new and oitiaordimiry era in tho history of thi nation. When we cnn.e together in Dccember.we were in the niiilut of on excitement nriniiig out of an.appichondeil war with France, During the cx-iten-n of that excilemcnt, when it wok Mippincd by tho country that real nnd uiiiininciit d.anpor cx-i-t jil of nn almoit imincdute war with a most pow erful fureii;n nation, we were furnitlicd by the Hx ccutlvc with an rptitnalu of appropriations which would be required for that joar. lo yon remem ber, sir, llie amount of Oiomi tciniMllns 1 I will remind you of them. Thny nro as fol low i . Ordinary appropriations fpcci- tically called for, $17,01.r) 03:1 Computation of extraordinary appropriations to meet nil auticipcted contingencies, Making, in the whole, 6'i:i,i3:i.(5io This, eir, you will observe w as Oic estimate sub mitted to tin during the cxintcnec ofour ditliculties with Franco a war estimate or, at least eucIi nn estimate as the Kxeculivo branch of the govern ment thought it proper to recommend under the ' possible, Knot probable, contingency of a war with j a powerful foreign nation. And a comparison of 1 the amount with former chlimalrs will show tint it grcstcly exceeded those of previous years; and h h , , w, . ' 1 - ' government has heretofore acted, it could only ho justified by the uncertain and somewhat alnrminc Mato of our foreign affairs. Now, sir, all our difficulties arc amicably adjusted; tho nation is at peace; no fore ign war is apprehended, and suddenly as if by ma gic, a new warlike watchword is rung in our cart). It is sounded from tho Capitol, echoed in the news papers, bought to be published in the strccla and proclaimed from the House tops. "National de fence! National defence 1" is tho cry, and we, sir ol the minority, who have heretofore been brand ed as wasteful und extravagant legislators for our ( votes in favor of reasonable appropriations for for tifications, arc now approached by thu same gen tltmcn who lately denouncod us, and very gravely asked if we are not in f.ivor of appropriations for tho 'nstioni'l defence !" Kvcn the chairman of the committee, of Ways and Means, (Mr Cambro Icng.) who has never been over liberal in his eup port of the appropriations for fortifications and whose iihmcin the journal ofthe last session stands recorded in opposition to mine against an appro priation of sixty seven thousand dollars, for one ofthe prccuo obj'cts for which the present bill, re ported by bun, contains an appropriation of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars : ho sir, now accms ready to qucation even the patriotism ol any one who hesitates to swallow, without exami nation, tho most quixotic projects for squandering the public money, under the name of expenditures for the national defence. Sir, this is no cry of put' riothm It is the cry of border interest, and nfyarti; and (oi one, I shall not respond to it. The conver sion of gentlemen is altogether too sudden, the object too palpable,to give to thoir new efforts any other character than that ofthe ridicilous ; and by that character they must and will be known to thu country. As to myself, sir, I shall keep straight on my old tract. 1 have always voted in favor of liberal appropriations for tbc national defence, and I shall continue to voto for them. I shall cheer fully vote for the one hundred and fifty thousand dollara for fortifying Duotoe. harbor, uninlWticed 1 hi the lnt tear iinrMiaitinn nf I he hminrM, .f,i.- , snd fof ,ny (ll1Cr appropriatioti.i thatluvo a , reuoruBi0 ctlln l0 our .prb.tion. Hut, sir, I , volofllf sr)1,r0)riaIion, lncre)y t0 t rllJ 0r,ic public money. I shall first inquire, I havo heretofore done, whether tho object for which the lloncy akcd be a . . on(J . f b .1 whether the sum demanded can be profitably cx pended during the yearl If 1 come to affirmative conduyn on both these, pmnts I shall vote for tho appropriation, Utherwuo, I shall vote against it auJ risk the denunciation of all new converts to the 'national defence' party. Sir, the secret ofthe new course of action, which 1 indeed, no tccrct at all, is tho ditcovcry of a largo surplus in the Treasury, which the people are desirous of having distributed smong the Stales and applied to some useful purpose. To prevent this distribution, we have for the last two month witnessed a state of thincs altocclhor new In the J history ofour legislation. Heretofore the reqm.t- lions of the Wepsrtmcntii were examined with some degree of scrutiny by the committer of Ways and Means, to ascertain if they were nccessarr. or if' some deductions from their amount might "not rea- tonably be made. Formerly, when an nnoru.pitvt icquirilion eamo in, you could discover by the sob- er demeanor ofthe Committee of Ways and Means .1 ... , . .j-. .. ii.i. nicy wcrcicanui 01 mo encci pi me new call An .1.. i." . i .i... .1... , -1 ... uuutv. tuu luai tiitt ivicitvAt iuv uvica- j any which compelled ihem tn advocate it. Now the scene s entirely changed. No koonce dotte chairman of that committee receive a call for a new J appropriation, even for a few lUaiand doIlar,htn J an u't-ntenatxc it iighted up with jor . and on 'Le I prespect of new Indian ai, and the conMqurnt . eall for an appropriation f a million, his !itilt1lin ' is extreme. Mr riseaiatu place will, great ap parent self gratulstioii, annourwra the f.ct to the House, and in a nolo of triumph, informs us that wo must stop talking n'mut the surplus, for we should now havs an opporlonity of spending it. IhiI, sir, gentlemen have not been content with the requisition of the llv'eculivc. The Depart ments, contrary to all former practicos.liavc been solicited and imporiuncd.and teased, by resolutions and letter" of committee, and personal npplira- tinns, for additional cstiuiMcs. A resolution of the Senate of the 19th of Kt-buary asking for ad- dilional estimates produced a brief letter from Hie Secretary ofthe Navy, transmitting not his own ' views, hot (lie imagining ol llie fvavy Commissi- : oners ; and a iteln-lrd ropon. 01 ino, secretary ol War, overthrowing and '"toppling down headlong," most of tho tall project of gentlemen for dissipat ing the revenue on fortification a report winch does the highest credit tothat distinguished idlicer hiiiI which had its production Veen the only act of his life, would have placed I111 lame by the side of those ofthe most eminent siatrmcii of tho country. The answer to th'u resohition .ss not a very diges tible ntl'air. The Secretary ofthe Navy said tioth ing. The Secretary of War iiitr-rMoJ un argu ment that could not ho conlroicrtcd ; uud. whut was no less insuperable, the l'lesident expressed nn opinion in accordance with tlit Suoretary. Hut gentlemen were not to bo put asile by one rein mi I. The Senate place thcmelvcs in in imploring, atti tude, and address the Secretary hi the language of supplication. Do, sir, be so good as to inform us the moat you can possibly txpeud during the year, in your Department 1 What is the matimum a mount" that is the language that euu be expend ed? This question was rather too extraordinary for no old fashioned a man as tho Secretary ,nid he seems to have been puzzled to know what to do with it. Ho know the extravagant answer which 1 the craving appetites ol llioeo who made llie in quiry ilenmuileil,nd that l.o could not give it with out abandoning tlio estimate ho had deliberately made nt the couinicncmciit ofthe session, and con tradicting nil the principled which he had so ably maintained in his report. Hut not desiring to be uncivil to so respectable a body as tho Senate of the IT, S., he hands over the resolution to the chief Knginecr : "Hero sir, you answer it." From tho Reputation which tho Chief F.iigineor hut whether justly or not I will not pretend to say ofboiiq; the most liberal and latiludiuarian of any officer in the (lovcrnment in regard to appropriations, 0110 might nuturall suppose ho would have found no difficulty in giving t lie required answer. Hut no such thing. Kvcn he, sir, believes there is a limit within which expenditures should bo ciicumscribcd, nnd beyond which they become wnsicful and exlravnuBoi- Ho too, declines to nnswor, aiiil following the ox ample ofthe Secretary, hands over tho humble entreaty of tho Scnatu to his subordinate; and we at lenght have a Second Lieutenant of Knginccrs, in some half t dozen lines, saying that, in his opin ion, some six million may be beneficially expended on fortifications, annually. And it is upon this naked opinion of 11 second Lieutenant of Eugincerti without any disignation of objects, or any reasons assigned for tho extraordinary conclusion to wjiich he has arrivcd.thal we are not to be called upon to appropriate millions ofthe public money. Sir, the Secretary of War repudiates the idea of lavishing our resources 011 extensive fortifica tions on the seaboard fortifications which it wuuld require a largo standing army to man mid which no enemy would be silly enough to go out nf his way to attack, when ho could accomplish any ob ject of invasion much iuo:e conveniently by passing them beyond gunshot distance. Ho overthrows most conclusively tho extended syttcni of defence on which our former systems have been made, pro poses to confine our fortification to the protection of the important seaports from naval approiichcs.and ! tojimitthe extent of those works to thoir capability i with tho aid of steam batteries, of accomplishing ! that object, and of resisting suddin s.ttacks ; tely ' in? on lite patriotism of the people, oidcd by the fsciltics afforded by the interna improvements of the country for tho rapid concentration of force on any point of attack, as the great and loading means of national defence. Ho recommends a reexami nation of silos and a reconsideration of plan, before commencing new works. Sir, this is the language of reason and of common nonsc; and whoever a dopts tho principles of tho Serrctary, will find it somewhat difficult to dit-cover proper objects for the expenditures of much more than a tithe of the sum recommended no, not rceommcmled exlorlid from one ofthe clerks in the office of the Chief Kn ginecr. Resides, sir, we all know that when the objects of appropriation are desirable there is a limit beyond which money cannot profitable be expended in any given period of time. A docu ment on our table shows that there remained in the treasuary on the firat day of Jannary last, ol money beforo appropriated and not then expended 'a,72(J.OOO. Of this sum more than two millions were of appropriations for repairs of ships, and tho ' increase, and improvement of the navy ; .s33,000 i for Navy yards, and although no for'ttfication bill meted at the last section, there still icuuined in the Treasury at the beginning of the prefect .1 .1..II r year over titty SI muuanuu uunnrr, 01 money previously annropnated to fortifications and all this during the existing difficulties with France. Sir, cither the Kiecultvc muU have been wilfully nogllont of its duties, or llie unexpended money in thcTreaaury could not be profitably expended. Gentlemen certainly will not lake the first horn of tho dilemma. Neither will I. We all know that the demand which the Government make for the neculiar kind of mitoriaU and labor whieh it re- i quires, may become gfster than the natural means of supply; and that when such point ta rescues. auy attempt to force the prosecution of orks must result either in a material reduction 111 thctr quality . and alue, or such wasteful expenditure of Money 1 as no government would engige in but during . . . a .,,.r period oi uj inoav u"" wiij -- ' u.. ..r !. innnor nniln 11,.. dir. vacant ao 1. 11 , ii.us. vi -J - , propn&tton cannot, anu .vui not Ixt experuwo. It will still remain in the 'I reaaury, and all at- tempta to drain it by this mode of operation !l so far as the money uot extravagantly wast d ee a together nug;rj. The Her e'ar.s. botb of War and the Navy, well undo'slmd this matter and wisely drehiict making thetnselies rrtp-in.itile , for lhf (iuixotic appropriations. If griiilemcn desirr to annir a responsibility which Ihrt I.xrcu j tivo declines, thft r certainly at liberty l do Io. I rdiall take care to wash my hands of tho responsibility by voting against the applana tions. ! Hut, sir, the "national defence" project having ; encountered so many ob'tacliM from the Depart i ments, and it being ascertained that it will entire ly fail of dissipating the public revenue, gentlemen have very itidustrimislv set thomsolvos at work m inventing other schomns for accot.iplihiiig the same laudablo object. I shall not stop to enumerate the various projects which this strife for tho honor f being tho inventor td tho most expeditious and tf fectnal mode ul draining the I reasury lias pro duced. Any gentlemen, who has a cmlosity to examine a listofthcin will tlnd one approximating as nearly to perfection as the nature of thu subject vviil admit in the printed remarks of the gentleman frcm New Yolk, on my left, .Mr (illicit, w'ho tat e: hised so nun rommiltiilly his colleague, Mr (Iran ger, in regard to these vaiiour sdiems, and who I thought before the prompt respuii'ica of his tul leaguo acid completed, most heartily wished them buck in the brains of the vet) respectablo gentle man who had concocted them, I feel under grent obligations to my friend from New V. Mr d'lllettj for the labor ho has so praiseworthy expended, lu hunting up from among tho dusty files ofthe two House these various schema, and of presenting thetn in so condescending a manner. I Iihvu had ihonghtH of moving the HoiihO for the printing of an extra number of tho gentleinon'sjcatnlouge.in or der that my constitiicnetH may have a perfect know ledge of the very great variety of modes by which tho public money may be ingeniously squandered; hut as I doubt whether such a motion Would be to order without a sii.-pruion of tho rules I triibl the gentleman will pardon me for waving it, at IchM for present. It im a little remarkuble, sir, that t.vo of the most prominent of these objects in ptirm nee, pcrhnps of the great nnxinty of gentlemen to put down all mouophes arc for the benefit of cor porations. I refer to the pr-'jecl of the grave Sen ator from Tennessee, Mr (Irundy for entering into partnership with rail road companies ; and to the no lesj commendable ono of tho Senator from Now York Mr. Wright for investing tho surplus in corporation stocks ! Who are to ho the age.its of making thesn investments wo hnvc not jet been in formed. 1 hope I s!iall not bo considered out oforder jn suggesting that there nro sundry very worthy gentlemen in the Now Vork Senate, vvlin have had great experience ill these stock matters, and whose claims for services rendered, and tiiiils am! tribula tions endured in tho bloody wars against niunopiics ought not to be overlooked. Mr Cliiilrnioii, tticrn is n great inherent difficult ill this matter of spending the entire surplus, When there arc really no proper objects of expen diture, it require immcuce iulrllcctiul labor lu discover thcui. I wonder, sir.thatsomc ('cntlonion Ji.th not introduced an appropriation, say of a mil lion or two, to be n v arded to the person who should invent the plausible mode of draining tho treasury. I do not think it would produce mnt.y new schemes for I believe tho ingunity has already been taxed to tho utmost ; but it would have thu merit of be ing itsulf a project, and of abstiaeinig Iron the Treasury precisely the amount which was appro priated ns a premium. If any gentleman liai a scheme in Lit drawer ready to offer, and thinks thi a hatter ore, or, if any gentleman who has produ ced a scheme, and ridden it through its butterfly life, is desirous of mounting another hobby, ho is welcome to tins "free gratis for nothing." I leave tho sum blank, to bo filled up by whoever re ceives it. I do not eugagothut it is nhsolutcly a a proper mode of spending the public money; nor do I desire uny gentleman loMaku the scheme ab solutely a,t Ins own ritk. I warrant it to be folly equal, in every respect, to most of tho projects that have gone before it, and I further warrant that the people, to whom all these matters must be finally submit led, will so coiiMdcr it. Mr. Chairman, 1 propotu lo inquire into the bo tua! statu of Hie Truauary, with tho view of as ccrtainmg whether its condition and prospesls will allow of udialrihiitinn ofthe proceeds ofthe public lands among the Slates, as proposed by the bill on your tublo from the Ssnste. Hut, before doing so I big leave to call llie the attention ofthe commit tee to tho two last annual niportfc of tho Secretary of tho Treasury, for the purpose of showing how entirely mistaken he has br.en in his estimates of the future revenue ofthe country. In his report of December 'i, 13!M, he catlinated the balance that would hu in iho Trcury on tho firat of January; 133.J, at He estimated the receipts during tho year 13il5, at Makiii? of available funds J.'j.58(l,232 31 20,000,000 00 for that year. $251r37,S3i' 31 lly the report of December, 135, it aypeara that thu oclwil balance in the Treasury on the ' first of January, 1535, instead of being about f) 1-tJ : millions, a he had before estimated, was fj.SO'i, I 80S VI j and by the same report we are informed Iii4t tho receipts of lts.'l'i, ;ntead of being but liO iii.llions. would be $tlr3,130.3Sl 07, exceeding by nearly 1-2 mitlioos Ins previous cellmate made at the commcrirmnont "f the present session. j Hut, on the 13th of January, the hecreury, 111 anawcr to a call irom tnc nenaic, iniurwa " his cstimitc of receipts, made 111 December, was quite too low; and that the actual receipt, for ls35 were $31,100,733 OO.being an addition of six mill ions which the short period of hi weks had enabled him to di.cvr. Tu acunl thn. batwteii me Treasury and tlio Secretary's estimates for 1335, stands thus : Ascertained balance injthe Troa.urr, January 1, 1633. . . Actual receipts for 1635, . 34,100,733 00 Malm the sum nf . . 13.203.50J 1 1 ii,.. i..-. t..i.Mit in tLe Trcawirv and lectitits as - ,,. .. . I ritimited. . . J0.i)30,i'- ol j . Leaving an excess of . . $17,707.359 77 -faraiUMe fond forth" year 1535 oxer and above he 'im nh 'h had ben estimated b thetfr e's r at he rom-ncnemeU of tnc e . Sir In this matter nf estimates, the Secretary docs not seem to profit by experience, for ho hat been quite as wide ofthe mark this year as last j aul he ions into tli smo error, that of estimating the revrnne greatly loo low. In his annual re Hirt, made at tlm c.toimrcemcnt ofthe present mm, hn estimate the receipts for IMfl from all si.-irraat $ 1 0,725,700. On tlx? 1 9th of April, I Sill, in sn.Htr to a call Irum the Senate, tho Secretary informs us that the uftfl receipt for thr first quarter of 1B30 amounted lo the sum nf $10,725,700 about one millou more than one half nt liu estimated ruvenue for the w hole year. Hem again the Sucretary, Jtc foy aforwards, linda Ins estimate lor tho tiral quarter to be n.lna about hall a million. Hear hi explanation I quote fioui his lepott of April 23, 133() 1 "It Is deemed droper to add, that some additional returns ol" re ceipt into tho Treasury during wine of the last dsv of March, which, from great distance, Irregu larity in the mails, or soma other cause, had not arrived, and could not be aceitained by either tho Trraurer or hu department al tho time of my for mer Repott, have siurn been received, and inrmiis the amuiinl as then ncerlaliied by him in hi enti tling account to bo the balaucf In the Troasury about $151,615." So thu actual tccrlpta into the Treasury during lhr quarter ending March 31, 1930, were 1 1,177,2 15. Sir.a man of inoic Miispieioiia temperament than myauir might cbargi this uniform system of blun di ring, which the Secretary seems to havo fallen into, to omo motive of concealment, extraneous, from the public good. 1 make 110 such charge, I mil tun question either tho integrity or qcr.eral ability ofthe Scctctary. I bclicvo him to bo in many respect an excellent nffictr. 1 impugn nut his motives ; but 1 will say this nf htm, that for Vsnkeo he shows very little rtilnr at pMcWflflV Why, sir, tho dullest of tho K'entuckisns 011 Orccn river, who, we wore the other day informed by my fiieud (Mr. II vvritsjiheir rrpresentlive, mistook an astronomical observatory for the miraculous re appearance of jamb's ladder, would be willing lu rrrJton 011 a wager against hl ginning', and in Western phrase, would be "mighty likely to beat him all hollow." Mr Chairman, 1 come now to inqtiito into the actual condition of tho Treasury, with a view tc occrlain what sum will he for disposal during tho present year. In doing this, I shall rely on thn statement nindo by tho Secretary of tlm Treasury himself for I ho past, and on nstiinales for the fu tnie, the rcsaonableness of which cannot In called in question. Thn balance in tho Treasury January 1st 1B3S. wa $8,802,858 42 Revenue of 1835, . . 31,400,733 6t Making, - - . 43,203,502 11 Deduct expenditures of 1835, 18,170,141 OT Actual balance in tlio'Tlea&ury Jnnuary 1st, 1830, . . $25,117,451 04. Actual receipts first quarter 1630 11,177.245 00 30.201,000 04 Three Inst quarter 1830, estimated 8 1 3 millions each, 25,000,000 0O Making in the Treasury at the end of the year, . . . 01.204,000 04 I heliovo my estimato ofthe llirt-o last quartern is too low. 1 know that several gentlemen, friendu ofthe Administration, in whom as financier I havu great confidence, csllmato tho sum at thirty mill ions instead of twenty five. I prefer to err, if at all, on tho sale side, and therefore lako tho lowost sum. In addition lo this sum.the Covcrnmont has in Iho United Stales Hank, stock to the amount of seven millions, whieh tho Hank is now ready lo pay with an addition of 1 1 per cent., and which will doubtless como into the Treasury during the year with n Mill greater advance. 1 call thin um eight million. Wo r informed by tho Secretary in hi report of December, 1831, that there will aUsya bo.at the end of every year, a sum of aevcr al millions in the Treasury of unexpended balance of former appropriation, which may bo safely re lied upon to meet apprupristiona for the ensuing year. This sum, on Iho first of January last, wis about oight millons. Tho amount of this aum must increase ir. a much greater ratio than the in crease of appropriations ; nnd as Ibo appropriation ofthe present year aro to bo unusually large, Iho unexpended balance at tho end of tho year will bo much larger than at any former period. It u impoaaible to form a decisive opinion aa tn the amount until after tho appropriations aremadc. It cannot be leas than twelve millions. Mr I.aw rencc liero said -not less than fifteen million!." Mr II. continued : a member of the committee on Waya and Mearu says not less than fifteen million. Sir, if your extravagant appropriation! for fortifi cations are made, and added to lhoe of liko character, which have already passed for the Navy the aum will he much larger than fifteen million. I have before aid that there is a limit beyond which money cannot be ex-nded. Sir. you may go on and appropriate some !!" a dozen millions more for Indian wata, tho r.uc of which yet re mam unknown, and abou which, and iho manner of conducting them, no one Bcctrn willing lo take the trouble to inquire go on, sir, wtlh your appro priations for fortifications and Indian treaties, and for every other conceivable object for which the most latitudlnariaii gent'.eman can roako up hu miitd lo vote go on, until you have appropriated ovorv dollar in the Treasury ; and the great mass ofthe money will still remain there, undrawn and unexpended. Why, sir, if more ihati two millions of former appropriation for tho incrcaw of tlf Navy coold not be ued during the lastyear.wheu a French war was apptehended.buw are you to expend tripple tho turn this year, when Ihi year' appro priation is made at a much later peri in me e son than the last 1 Sir, these tppropnaliooa can. I not be expended ; tt i 'te " '" ,i0"( t Whatever mny lx i' amount of your appropria ' tiont, hticr may bu the footing of your appro. 1 prution bill at the end ofthe esion, it way ho ' calculated with perfect safely that a aum greater than thirty Milium cannot and will no- he drvrt o t ( 1 1 Treuary , and any areoon. abovn tiU sum n v b con d red ning 'tr Jurxi Jfjrdiv'r bj' - t'U pt(t t ti.ui iy to th Trea-