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CONGRESSIONAL Washington, May 13, 1 84G. Bkhate. A message was received from fiie Uoqm of Reprrtsntativcs, announcing tbaljtbe House had concurred in the amend ments of the Senate to tho bill providing for tho prosecution of tho existing war with Mexico. MeffiOrials against the repeal of the pilot laws of 1837, from Newark, N. J., and Al exandria, D. C, were prestntcd by Messrs Djx and Archer. 'Mr Cameron prevuted reolution from the Legislature of Pennsylvania, instruct ing him and hit collnaguo to opposo any reduction of (he tarilTof 1842 A resolution of the legislature of New York, in fovor of the pn'ago of tho bill for the re-organization of tho militia, was presented by Mr Mix Mr ly-wis moved to impend the previous orderi and take up the fortification bill, which wai agreed to, An amendment was ofTarcd, merensing tho impropriation for defenxifo work on tho Florida reef from t ioo.ooo to eaoo.ooo, Mr Evans aid ho would not, in tho pus cnnituation of the country, oppose tho in create asked for, Tho Benalc, however, vrai very much in tho dark on the subject, nnd he would bo glad to know from the Senator from Florida, what the proposed fortifications would cost before they were umnletcd. Mr Yuleotaid that a rough estimate had kn made, in which tho total expenso was put down ot thrco millions. Mr Nilcs said a few words in opposition 'to the increase. Mr Westcott urged tho imp' rtn f ' appropriation at lha present lime, in consr. quence of tho state of our relations with Mexico, and tho amendment was adopted without a division. One or two other amendments were of fered and withdrawn; and tho bill was thin finally passed. On motion of Mr Berrien the Judiciary Committee was instructed to inquire wheth er any, and what legislation is necessary to give effect to tho lllh nrticlo of llui treaty of!27th Oct., 1795, between the U. S. and Spin, and lo report by bill or otherwise. This clauso in tho treaty provides tbnt the citizens and subjects of tho two coun tries shall not tako out letters of marque against each other, under tho penalty of bo inir treated as pirates The rest of tho day was given to the consideration of tho Indian appropriation bill, and without final action, tho Senato went into Executive session, anil shortly af ter ndjournod. House. The bill to regulate appoint tnonts in tbo rcvenuo service was recom mitted. Tho military academy bill was consider ed and laid aside, to bo reported, after a 8)ccch in favor of the Mexican war, Irom Mr Gordon. Tho committee then took up tho bill making appropriations for tho sup port of tho nrmy, for tho year ending 30th m( June, 1847. On motion of Mr McKay, the items wuro increased, in some particulars, espe cially transportation, in view of the Mexi can war. Mr Black, of S. C, moved to raise the T"Y of iho soldiers from seven to ten dol- la i s Mr McKay opposed it, and showed that the pay of tho army had been gradually raised from four to six and seven, and final ly eighl dollars. Tho pay had been in creased, while tho food and clothing and medical attendance had been improved. Mr Roote, ofOhio, said if it was worth eight dollars a day to declare war, it was worth ten dollars n month to fight il out. Mr Brockcnbrough, of Florida, hoped we would not destroy tho force of what .-u had already done by an oppe.nl to the mer cenary disposition of iho people. Wo had shown lliat wc wero ready to pour down like an avalitncho upon Mexico, and that they wanted no stimulus of additional pay to excite tho p-'riotism of our people. From overy part of iho South and West, wo bad hoard that, tho moment danger appear ed, tho drum was sounded and the flag un furled Ho trusted wo should not begin tho war with n rush upon tho treasury. Wo wcro going into a war, the end of "which no mortal man could sec i with Mexico would bo no holiday nfTair. It would bo a prolonged and bloody con test ; for Mexico, with a pcoplo inured to war, with a vast extent of territory, with her chapparals, and mountains, and defiles, was one of tho most formidable powers in world. Tho Florida war was commenced with a small oppropnation,asn light afTair, but il was soon found that another and an other appropriation was wanted, till the war became a drain upon the resources of' the country. Your first fifty thousand tccn might not bo sufficient to bring tho war to a conclusion; you might want thousands and hundreds of thousands more, and this was, therefore, no time to begin to raise tho par of the array. He hoped gen tlemen who supported this proposition, did not trifle by doing it for Buncombe, The subject was too momentous for popularity Peeking motions. Mr Gordon, ofNow York.made a speech to prove that tho southern members who rolod against tho declaration of war wero enemies to their country, and Mexicans in heart As the volunteers were to have eight dollars he was w illing to raise the pay of the regulars from seven to eight. Mr Liwrenca defended a leuer of his, published In thelntelligcnecr of this morn ing with much spirit Mr Delano mado a powerful speech and shotted up the whole of the Texas plot and the design of tho administration to get Cali fornia through intimidation. Mr Douglass claimed the wholo territo ry down to the Rio Grande, and said that astkaAam bad acknowlegcd it as the boun dary (TwaM- Mr Aium isMpdred fcaw. Mr Doug lata, replied wbw he was in Texas wd was lha Dictator ofMaxico. Mr Adams required if be was not (fan a priaoiw.r of war. Mr Denglaat replied that h was.but still k was Lh4 gevarsuMsri, aad acted for the QavanMaeai. Mr Aiataaaaid tkat it was somethioc 1 kt a priaeoer of war coo Id snake a fat! a bawssitrj far his Government. rbtaca4Upy watjseU&t4 some time when the Committee aroso and the house adjourned. WAR DILL PASSED IN SENATE 1 ! to ar Important protlan . pudiakt invites drserlWH and prom ises British prelection ! Washington, May. 1 4 The Senate adjourned at 7 lii o'clock Inst evening, after passing the Houte bill ayes, .10. nors 12 This is tho 50,000 vol unler bill, and $10,000,000 appropriation, All efforts to change the bill into n more peaceable form, and all amendment propo sing to transfer the appointments of olficrrs from the President lo the Governors of the respective slates also failed. Oilier slight amendments relntivo lo o quipments, weto adopted onthc fiinljpassiigc ofllio bill. Mr Crittenden moved lo tako a separa tion votoon the prenmblo and bill, so as to allow all ihe friends of tho inensuroto volo for tho supplies, for there wcro many op posed to the preamble, who wero in favor of voting tho supplies, (This preamble speaks of an existing war) A motion lo strike out the preamble was rejected by a voto of ayes 18, nay 28. Mr Dallas decided that motion not to be in order except by iinnnniiiiotu consent and that const ,t seemed likely to be given, when Mr Broci objected. Mr Ulcere, then, strongly appealed lo from several quarters, withdrew his objec lion, hut Mr Bagby renewed il and would not retract. Mr Mangum then rnso and in n noble mid masterly style, said ho was in favor of fiio bill, and would fur it, but ho entered In his solemn piotest against the truth of what were alleged as fact in iho preamble. Mr Clayton and oilier wines followed in a similar strain, when lliu votu was ta ken. I cannot eive you tlio names nf the Sena tors voting in the negative, but Davis, of Mass., T. Clayton of Del., Berrien nf Gn. and Calhoun ofS. C. refused to re. cord their names. The House took a recess in meet in half an hour, and would doubtless concur in nil amendments sent lo them from the Senate. In looking over tho New Orleans papers I find n proclamation, (ten. Amp'.idia has distributed through the American camp, pronouncing our government unwoithy iho Christian name. It is addressed to the F.nslish and Irish soldiers under the orders of Gen. Taylor. Wo give a translation of tho proclama tion which Gen. Ampudia hns found means of distributing in the American camp. The Commander-in-Chief nf Ihe Mexican Army to the English and Irith under the orders oj the American Gen. Tay lor, Know Yc : That the Gnvern-'ent "f ihe United Stales is ccim.i . . . . . . , ed barbarous aggression against the magnanimous Mexican nation ; that the government which exists under tho flag of the mnrs, is unworthy tho designation of Christian. Recollect that ynu wero born in ure.-u nrunin ; mm me uovernmeni ol the United States looks with coldness upon the powrrful flag of St George, and i pro- , , Z ' " r , . " r . ' , . ' inanifestina a desire to have possession of Oregon, as he has already done of Texas. I" :r:(1 10 ""J"01 " ,t0 til,1l "lc Now, then, come will, nil confidence to the ' Alexicnii robbers and adventurers to Mexican ranks, nnd I g.nrantee to you, up- make, incursions upon any parly that on my honor, good ire.uinent, and thai nil 1 may be found straggling from it, and your expends shall be defrayed until your' j bring on a fight, if them is any fight arrival in the beautiful capital nf Mexico. in the Mexican Generals or soldiers. Germani, French, Poles, nnd individual? Why, would not a man, with ordi of other nations " Separate yourselves from nary foresight and discrimination, have the Yankees, and do not contribute lo de. scon that a reeonoitre could scarcely be fend n rnbbniy and usurpation winch, be avoided by armies so pi aced, opposite assured, the civilized nations of Europe.hok 1 1(, each other, where the common sol upon with the utmost indignation. Come ! Air u-m,U l. cm fr. n..nii.,ln il,-.t it therefore ami array yourselves under the In rMnr. .m fl.irv in lin r... n,l.....n .1.... ... t.v.u.iu ..'..,1 UIIlllvilv- lIluL II ! uotl ot armies protects it, and that il will pro'ectyo eual,v with Knglnnd, hinil. MPUDIA. PEDRO DE FuXncihco II. iMani:.Nd Ailjl. of the Cominandcr-in-Cliicf. Head Q'rt'n upon the road toMatumoras, April 2, 18 1G. Ihe New Orleans Picavunis sovs; "This exhibits the michinations n't the bottom of the present enterprise. ThoMex ican fortalSlJuaii de Uluo, is filled with foreign einrmecrs, and lliat thu army this side of the II 10 Grande is accompanied by French, English, and other artillerymen. Thelhn Grande. Wc presume our rea ders all understand thai the Rio Grande.Rio Bravo, and Rio del Norte, are so many dif feront names for? tho same river which rises in the southern slope of the Rocky Moun tains and runs nearly due south almost two thousand miles into the Gulf of Mexico. Its course is in good part through a thinly peopled)desert, in tome places mountaincous in others composed of wide sterile plains Valuable mines of gold and silver exist in the province of Santa Fe, somo 1500 miles from its mouth. Tho river is generally rapid and rocky, rendering navigation dan gerous if not impossible, but wo believe it may be ascended by Mcam boats some 4 or 500 miles. MaUmorns, somo 70 or 60 miles from the gulf, is tbo usual head of rntritntlimi "V Trihnnr 6 " p.,.,i Ti.n ...nr.i -i, i curs in ihe news from Toxas which -vc pub- 1,1 ,llc former, Mr Polk is responsible, liih this morniug. As that is rather a bcw fT mo latter, Congress has made it word with our re'' t, ' slf nrrnuntable. again, and is important in illustrating ibuj 'mil of war.' wo think nroner to nv ihm n Chapparal is a tarm nppliod lo a species of cveirecn thicket, composed of the musquit bush, maUed with vines, It generally grows about six or seven feet high. The whole country between lha Nueces river and the Rio Qrande.is more or less covered with this ehapparal, interspersed with salt lakes. There is very little frtsb water or grras to be had in the any portion of the whole inter mediate distance, average 150 mites wide. Pbil. U, 8. Gar. 'Peter.' txv the schoolmarro, 'of what fruit is cidet saadef Don t know,' 'Why, ym stupid boy, what did you get wbeo yan robbed widow Coffin's orchard T 'I got a licking.' TEE HERALD THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 21. JTWliir la' Herald announced the com imiiCii.it nt ol ii... t,. mis w..h "Mexico, which the congregated wisdom of the Uni ted States have solemnly declared to bo War. And in occordancc with that declarolion, Prcsi lent Polk has issued bis Proclama tion announcing the fact that "War exists with Mexico." Thus hat the President succeeded in embroiling us in a war, iho commencement of which has called for the enlistment of 50,000 men and tho appro priation of 810,000,000, and which mayt and probably will before we sec the enJ of it, demand appropriations of men and luon- cyto ten times that amount. What of that 7 Havo wo not gained I i-.xas, with territory enough for fivo moru Slave States ? Of what consequence is I? 1 00,00 ),000, orlhe sacrifice of 50,000 lives, in comparison with tho perpetuation of the petuliar inii tulion of the South 7 Thus wc go. Truly this it n creat country. All eyesnru now turned totfnrds Texas, and the next news from the Army ol Occu pation is awaited with the utmost anxiety. Nothing since our last has hem heard from the army. Thn last dales fmn the camp arc to the 2Glh of April. Nfi general en gagement had then taken place, but il is confidently expected that tho n xt inuil will bring the news of n general engagement The news from Washington a that Gen Scott is lo take command of the forces to be called out. 23,000 men, ennsiaing of three: regiments each from Indiana, Illinois, Ken lucky, nud Tennessee, anil tho residue made up from the other Stales, arc lj be called into the field immediately. T.io balance of the. 50,000 oro lo be held as a reserve corps. Baltimore Correspondence of ihe Boston Atlas. B.u.ti.mokj:, May KJth, 181(5. Wc arc hero nil in oxciteii.cnt about the nows from the Army in Texas. War of some kind, now sceirs "inevi table" not, ns Gen. Cass A, with Enulaiid, but with Mexico; end if Mr. Polk is allowed to i;o on, as lit has been going, for tho last ten months, we shall have war with England too, most probable. Was there ever a more unnecessary war than this with Mexi co? With ordinary prudence with cat.!.' and r oti'ated only by a spirit of justice pence never ronld have been disturbed. But whilst i Mexico is distracted .in her councils her people, excited bv almost nionthlv revolutions and her masses, stituula- i tca by the rapacity that is seen every whcrein her Imrders, to deeds of wroii" nt ,lis tlmo sccmiil'dv only iii .I brnvalo,theSnmll 'handful of so dtcrs whocoinposuoiirarmv, is or- , , . ., , , . . . - ' . WftS tht t0 take a-lvantage of any op- . ' portunity to engage in one ? The only wonder is that there was not a contest between straggling parties of the ar mies before, or how, indeed, a general engagement was kept o(T. Was over any thing more wanton than this? Madness must have ruled the hour, when the army was ordered from a place of comparative security, from where the country could bo bet ter protected, and from where the in vasions of the Mexicans r.ould as effec tively be resisted, to a place which it could only reach after exposure and hard traveling; and which, were reach ed, nut the army to great disadvantage in tho essential pomis of retreat, sup plies, defence, and even oireucc. Who doubts, that if Mexico had done to the United States what tho United States has done to Mexico, and had then marched its small armies lip to her very lines, and llontcd her Hag in tho face of her soldiers and citizens, that the United States would not have fallen upon the Mexicans and slaugh tered them 7 No one can doubt that wo would have done this, if tho places of the countries were change noth cr illustration of the fable of tho bull that goared the ox. But we do not stop with foolishness; wc must needs assume, in taking on x ground for a war. a false nositmn i oil .a've Hit bate in tl.o Sen.-itP yesterday, and in Ihe House on Tues day. You will see that the two Ifou ses of Congress, in the very face of the facts, have passed a bill, declaring that war now exists between the United States and Mexico, 'by the act" of the latter! This was denounced in the Senate, as little 1 ess than a downright falsehood, and in the House, Mr Hoi mes and others did so call il; susd yet the majority insiaied upon keeping it in the bill, resisted all attempts nnd all besecchings of the minority to take it out, and tho voto for the supplies might be unanimous. Hut nothing would satisfy them, and the bill was passed, with this fnlshood blazoned upon its very forehead I ' T - , The distinction between hostilities nnd war was well taken, nud conclu sively shown in the Senate. Numer ous cruses were referred to; but one was not touched, which is exactly in point. I refer to the seizure by Com Jones, some two years ago, ol a Mexi can town on the Pacific. Tho cause is familiar. A rumor had reached Com. Jones, that there was war between Mexico nnd tho United States; and, acting on what ho regarded as correct intelligence hogoes ashore, takes pos session of the town of Monterey, ar rests or dcjKises the authorities, and raises the American Hag. Hero was an net of aggression, in a natural jwint of view, more important than tho re cent skirmishes between sounds or de tachments of the armies at Kio Grande. You know what was the icMilt. Com. Jones was misinformed, abandoned the city ho had taken, made acknowledg ments and, his actlieing disavowed by the United States, the matter was set tled. Now, suppose the. Government of Mexico.on Hearing what Com. Jones had done, had deliberately adopted a dclaration that war Ik'tween Mexico and the United States "existed by the act" of the United States, what would we have said? What would the civi lized world have said That Mexico was wrong that she had assumed what she had no rmht to assume. Tho net of Com. Jones was an ar t of hostility but it was not one ol war. The Supremo Governments only can declare war. The act of hostility may bo lepelleri it ought to bo rcpeiled but the Government, whoso oflicerhad made it was entitled lo be called on, to say whether it avowed it. If it was avowed, then a declaration of war fol lowed. If it weredisclaiined, it was a case for indemnity. The case of Ihe steamboat Caroline is another case. That vessel was .sei zed, in the waters of the United States and burned. Mr Van Huron, then at tho head of the Government, did not tre real it as an act of war on the part of heat Britain he scaieelv regarded it, f.,,.1 n,.infllti,l,i, llm ),o. called on the British Government lo I j whether it held itself responsible' lo: iho act; and, when told 'England was responsible,' did not even push th : . . i .it matter to a .settlement. Here was .. clear case, as Mr Webster demonstrates i m Mr rrnniit (rrnnt sneeeli rn the Washington treaty was a case which should havo been repelled at the time it occurred, and for which satisfaction ought to have been jwremptorily de manded; but Mr Van Huron and his administration did neither. It was left for Daniel Webster to obtain the last and for this he is abused, by tho lea dors of the partvwhosctthoinsclvesup ;us the haters of every thing British. When will nations learn lo be just? And when will men learn that it is more honorable to do right than to do wrong, when vou have the might? The flurry iibout stocks is well-nigh over. Uur stock market went up yes terday, and again today, and are now nearly where they were when the'war news' first came. No change in flour or grain. New OrUans Correspondence of the Iloston Mia. New Orleans, Mav fith, ) I -J d'eloek, M. $ To Ihe JMitnr of the Boston Atlas No news from the army yet. The anxiety to hear further intelligence is intense. A report was taised, yesterday afternoon, that news had been received of General Taylor's command having had an engagement with the. Mexicans, in which the latter were defeated, but there was 'nothing in it.' It created a great sensation, for a time, and sj read through the city like wildfire. When the report reached the State House, the Legislature, amid loud cheering, ad journed. Kvcry hour give rises to re ports, which are eagerly swallowed, such is the degree of excitement pre' vailing. I think wc must have news from the Army today. The enrollment ol volunteers still continues, and sev eral companies have already been mustered into thn U. S. service, while others arc ready to bo mustered. The number of volunteers is about 1200. Recruiting parties are marching through the streets, in all directions, and the sound of drum and fife may 1 .cared in all parts of tho city. As 1 write, a fine company ofvolun'ecrs the 'old Hickory Guard' are murclnp down St. Charles street, on their way to the U. S. Barracks, 1 presume. I learn, from the Delta, that a company of U. S. troops, stationed at Fort Wood, left, on Monday night, in the steamboat Undine, for Brazos Santiago. Tho prompt action of the Mobilians, on re ceipt of the news from the Army, is the thomo of universal praise. EO-Mr L,r.vi Lewis of Wells, has been appointed an Agent for this paper, and is authorired to obtain subscribers, make col lections, &.C. It appears that our commerce is not likely to sulTcr from letters of marque to tho extent that was at first appre hended. The Courier des Etats Unis states, that by a treaty, signed in 1825, between Central America and this country, it is agreed that when cither of the contracting parties shall lo en- gaged in a war, no citizen of ths other country call accept any commission or letter of marque against tho former, under penalty ofbeing treated as a pi rate. Similar treaties have bcr t con cluded, and are now In force with Vcnoauela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia, Chili, Brazil, England, France, Spain and Denmark. The widow of Col. Cross died at Washington on Thursday morning. She had been in failing health forsonio tunc, and the shock of her huusband's death was too much for her. A correspondent of the New York Commercial Advertiser, writing from n aaiuiigiuu, says: 'ucucrai scon nas, to my certain knowledge, denied, m conversation, lliat he was consulted on the subject of the removal of the army r ,, . . from Corpus ChriMi to their position on the Rio Grande, lie says he did not approve of the removal. This is important, inasmuch ns it has lieon at - tempted to relievo the President from ,.,, r . . ,. . , tbo responsibility of so injudicious and unnecessary an aei, the consc(uencc of which was the provocation of war. A 1 . : i r lit i The President's proclamation will bo speedily followed by one for a rigorous blockade of all the Mexican ports.' On the 7lh inst. no reinforcements had left New Orleans for the seat of war. At that time about 1500 men had volunteered, and wcro nearly all form ed llltorompanics and oflicer ;l. The rcmainiP'rlOUOjCalled lor by ( Son. Tay- sitions. lor, from tho state of Louisiana, we're ' Total number of churches, Suri to bo raised at once by draft. Mean-! l'icsu 025 are Catholic. Yulne of ci. time the volunteers have'eone on from ' properly, 1 00,000,000 Nunbcr of urn Mobile, and 1 Omen, all told, from Gal-' WrM I Catholic Priests, 70'.). N veston. (Wemtisl bo iH-rmitted to sav l of communicants of nil clnirchis. -I " parenthesis, that the Texans do not cxibit quite so much patriotism as had been expected of them. Tbev s,.pm i nev seem determmed to fold lTcle Sam isdefeiu1 The obi geir' man His fool into it'1 this V their arms while p country !) inly "put t .Juily Mai' The Inzrrsoll Investigation. Tho Un- "m '"'' 'ny says: I'liu two committer:, of investigation in- tn the charges of Mr Ingersoll against Mr Webster, nnd of Mr Schcnck against Mr Ingersoll, have both been in session, nnd the former with authority from tho 'louse in sit during its sessions. Owintr lo Mr. Wilmot's regretted illness nrul m r Pctiit'ri re fusal to servo without n clerk, tho former committee has buen retarded. But Mr UrlnkerlioH'and ir Jones having been sub stituted for Mr Wilmot nnd Mr Pittit, the important businefs will probably proceed without farther delay. The other Commit tee we under land, has examined Mr Bu. ehannn and Mr Triit and is prosecuting its inquiry. The following are the yeas nnd nays in the Senate, nil the passage of tho bill on Tuesday, recognising a war with Mexico, nnd giving power to thu President lojiros- I Clllo It ; Yeas Messrs Allen, Archer, Ashley, Atlierloii, Bagby, Barrow, Benton. Berrien, Breese, Bright. Cameron, Cass, John M. Clayton, Colquit, Cnrwin, Crittenden, Diy Ion, Div, Houston, Jarnagin. JenneJS.Jnhn son nf Maryland, Johnson of Lou., Lewis, MeDufTie, Mangum, Morehead Nile.s, Pen nybacker, Rusk, Semple, Sevier, Speight, Sturgeon, Turney Upham, Woodliridge, Yulec.10. Nays Messrs. T. II Clayton, and Da vis 12. Mr Crittnnden'i naino being called, he answered 'ay, except the prcamblc.'J In the I louse the vote on the above bill was 173 yeas lu I I nays. Thu following arc the nanus of tho members who voted in the negative : Messrs. John 0,'iincy Adninn, Afhmnn, Cranston. Culver, Delano. Giddings, Gre nail. Hudson, D, P. King.Root. Severance, Strohm, Tildcn nnd Vnucc-.l 1. PROCLAMATION, nv Tin: I'nr.sior.NT or Tin: v stati:h. Whereas, the Congress of the United States, by virtue of the Constitutional au thority vested in them, have declared by their net, bearing dato this day. that "by the net of the Republic of Mexico, n state of war exists between that government and the United States " Now, therefore, I, James IC Polk, Pres ident of the United States .f America iln hereby proclaim the ran' it .hnm U mav concern; on ! do iin on 11 persons ''oldm ,iflice military, under the authority of 1 States. mtthey b" vigileniri' iz, - in diecliu t ing the duties respectively incident thereto. And I do moreover exliori nil the good piopleofthe United States, as they lovo their country,as they ft el thu wrongs which have forced on them the lost resort of inju red nations, and as they consult tho best means under iho blessings of Divine Prov Jcnce of abridging its calamities, tha they exert themselves in preserving order, in promoting concord, in maintaining the nu thorny and thn efficacy of the laws, and in supporting and invigorating all tho meas ures which may bo adopted by the constitu ted authorities for attaining a speedy, a juil and an honorable peace. In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hind, and caused ihe seal of the United Stales lo be affixed lo tlitAe prrKnts, Done at the City of L, s J Washington, this thirteenth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and forty-six, and of the indepen dence of the United Stale ths seven tieth. JAMES K. POLK. By the President, Janes Buchanan, Secretary of Stale. . ATAIj accidkkt. Mr. Maiitin S. Downs of Shaft! j. ry was killed on the 12th mst. by . explosion of a grindstone. Mr , was engaged in the .shop ishing spindles ujon a dry stone 'h stonti had Ihhmi elevated to a r,,r bight to bo most convenient fur iUC business. Tho accident wctirrwlnlori 1 o'clock P. M., shortly after .Mr II , return from dinner, when but a jtotim, of tho hands who usually workidlhc wero present. Ho was liulilini: a t j a, die upon the stone when it Imiv , Marge picco of which struck Ininiii u i i i. i. :.. ..!. lUIl'liUIIU, I1U CAIIIVU 111 IIUUIU IWlt.'.J minutes, he probably realized nothing after the stone hit him. The piece of stone that hit him, struck a vice feet back of where the vict'in m - ; with so much lorce as tobreak it 1 . i . t iiii innately tne iiinu wnonmi nei nt u (there, and would have been ugnm f,'w minutes, was out, or he u, mt!oss have .shared the fat, ,t . lellow. Mr 1). was in the .I'Jil c u ,,is for(mmIPv o( ,s- ,,, n,. lfls L.ft ,i wife and' two cluldm. , motiin his early death, The ticn,., 1 u.st have been occasioned by tl . . fVct "f lht) velocity or force with u!, , the stone was turning, Mf WflS n sU .,ful m(Tjaii carpenter by trade. 1 le had few . 1 enemies, therefore his death wi'l - lamented b; .ill Ciii.iot s Statistics Some , ! . ous collector ofjtuliMics has taken luira akccrtaiu the number of cliutclu!, t,n; nun, cominurncanls, kc, in the l'n . States; from' the instill of Ins labors & tract the following, which to wiui inieresi arm surprise. J lie hum! and amounts far exceed all provioii, sj f i!,,'!!!,1 ' f i,, !!;',, , ,i It . 1 ul'!"-m"ln' ll. I Viilliwui, WllllllUllltUII. i cm those who live ly r tics, iib'Uit 500.0U0 ho tlu nut i church Ti number of Liwers in the l' i Slates is fsiimnlcd in ;U).() 'H The uuuiber of physici ins an'l s.i 24,000. Tho whole army of the United ." 7,500 Tin en. ,re navy at le.M than l,0i"1 Professors, teachers ami schooling 8,000. Rogues in prison estimated at I1, rogues out of prison no ntiirn. Cataiiact Cavk, SciioiiAiuiir --'1 Cataract Cnvu was first openid about I ysurs sinco by n young man of the name Howe. J no opening when first M was but little larger than n man's arm .. after arduous labor for soino hours, lie ceeded in making his way into a ut where he could stand erect, and c in. ing on, numerous chambers werediv a ud, of great extent nnd beauty. The i: avenue has been since examined tan tancc of seven miles. One of the n most rooms, (six miles from the tntrr which has been named the Rotn l.i " or -10 feel in drimetcr, nnd is said ' feet in height' Beyond this dure ' rotunda about 12 feet in diaiui ter, un.i eral hundred feet high. The c..im arc splendidly arrayed in Mjirn:u i stalagmites, many of which are of ,'u'v dimensions. Thousands of bat's L.n c ereil the bottom in ninny plucis mil ' were buried in the sin igimlo Alu -mile from the entrunci mid a Inlf a from the main uvenue.there is a l.ili o' ter, of great magnitude, whose roiruih' these siibteriatleous ieceses has L n e partd lo Niagara; thn envt- is named. f this fill, the CatBrnrt C -c The ro.-k which it occurs is limestone. ps'.iikna: Journal. L'aHTDK (Jit,.- it IS linpuiuili"' invalids to know that castor oil easily be taken, if mingled witl .r.i,. juice a little sugar being added W ' juice, if the orange bo not ri sweet. The difference between t and other modes of taking thiva! hie medicine, is supprisinj;. Kx The discoverer of thealKive r : (if it bo trur should make liiu. known, that he may be honored.!' " one of Iho ancient sages has justly " marked, "He who makes hard th yo easy, is a public benefactor."' i'ew llnglard Varw Bom Dr.Ai- and Dumd Tli' Mrs Ja ni: W was inually rn able fur kindness of heart und ubsir.:' ind One day she was accostid by a t gar, wi.osn stout and Iit-a ''hy appear-1 startled iv( her into n rnomenur u' of needfulness of char, , in his mi- " 'Why,' exclaimed the good old ladr look wil' ibln to work ' 'Ves rs'i : suppl ,ut 1 have been di.d i"J these seven years.' 'Poor man f- 1 heavy affliction I1 exclamed Mrs samo time giving him relief with a . ' ' hand On her return home she wei the fact, remarking, 'What a drtadiw " ' it wn lo bo so deprived of such faculties I' 'But how,' asked her""'' you know thai tho pooman had beni and dumb for seven ysfrs'f 'Wbv,' ' the quiet and unconscwusanswtr, 'b- ;: inc so , Goon Lick. The Gn-en JV publican says: "Wo understai.J our old friend KU-nezer Chi"-U J'4' made a fortuno by the discovery w haustiblo beds of coper nnd M'rtr a iermit near I-'ort Wilkins." "Lovo is iho shadow of ibe mo""' which decreases as (be dsy ndvancH- Friendship is the shadow of the crra which strengthens with tho settmg UB J life;" "What shadows we arc sad & shadows we pursue "