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Rutland herald. [volume] (Rutland, Vt.) 1823-1847, May 21, 1846, Image 2

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Washington, May 13, 1 84G.
Bkhate. A message was received from
fiie Uoqm of Reprrtsntativcs, announcing
tbaljtbe House had concurred in the amend
ments of the Senate to tho bill providing
for tho prosecution of tho existing war with
MeffiOrials against the repeal of the pilot
laws of 1837, from Newark, N. J., and Al
exandria, D. C, were prestntcd by Messrs
Djx and Archer.
'Mr Cameron prevuted reolution from
the Legislature of Pennsylvania, instruct
ing him and hit collnaguo to opposo any
reduction of (he tarilTof 1842
A resolution of the legislature of New
York, in fovor of the pn'ago of tho bill
for the re-organization of tho militia, was
presented by Mr Mix
Mr ly-wis moved to impend the previous
orderi and take up the fortification bill,
which wai agreed to, An amendment was
ofTarcd, merensing tho impropriation for
defenxifo work on tho Florida reef from
t ioo.ooo to eaoo.ooo,
Mr Evans aid ho would not, in tho pus
cnnituation of the country, oppose tho in
create asked for, Tho Benalc, however,
vrai very much in tho dark on the subject,
nnd he would bo glad to know from the
Senator from Florida, what the proposed
fortifications would cost before they were
Mr Yuleotaid that a rough estimate had
kn made, in which tho total expenso was
put down ot thrco millions.
Mr Nilcs said a few words in opposition
'to the increase.
Mr Westcott urged tho imp' rtn f '
appropriation at lha present lime, in consr.
quence of tho state of our relations with
Mexico, and tho amendment was adopted
without a division.
One or two other amendments were of
fered and withdrawn; and tho bill was thin
finally passed.
On motion of Mr Berrien the Judiciary
Committee was instructed to inquire wheth
er any, and what legislation is necessary to
give effect to tho lllh nrticlo of llui treaty
of!27th Oct., 1795, between the U. S. and
Spin, and lo report by bill or otherwise.
This clauso in tho treaty provides tbnt
the citizens and subjects of tho two coun
tries shall not tako out letters of marque
against each other, under tho penalty of bo
inir treated as pirates
The rest of tho day was given to the
consideration of tho Indian appropriation
bill, and without final action, tho Senato
went into Executive session, anil shortly af
ter ndjournod.
House. The bill to regulate appoint
tnonts in tbo rcvenuo service was recom
mitted. Tho military academy bill was consider
ed and laid aside, to bo reported, after a
8)ccch in favor of the Mexican war, Irom
Mr Gordon. Tho committee then took up
tho bill making appropriations for tho sup
port of tho nrmy, for tho year ending 30th
m( June, 1847.
On motion of Mr McKay, the items
wuro increased, in some particulars, espe
cially transportation, in view of the Mexi
can war.
Mr Black, of S. C, moved to
raise the
T"Y of iho soldiers from seven to
la i s
Mr McKay opposed it, and showed that
the pay of tho army had been gradually
raised from four to six and seven, and final
ly eighl dollars. Tho pay had been in
creased, while tho food and clothing and
medical attendance had been improved.
Mr Roote, ofOhio, said if it was worth
eight dollars a day to declare war, it was
worth ten dollars n month to fight il out.
Mr Brockcnbrough, of Florida, hoped
we would not destroy tho force of what .-u
had already done by an oppe.nl to the mer
cenary disposition of iho people. Wo had
shown lliat wc wero ready to pour down
like an avalitncho upon Mexico, and that
they wanted no stimulus of additional pay
to excite tho p-'riotism of our people.
From overy part of iho South and West, wo
bad hoard that, tho moment danger appear
ed, tho drum was sounded and the flag un
furled Ho trusted wo should not begin
tho war with n rush upon tho treasury.
Wo wcro going into a war, the end of
"which no mortal man could sec i
with Mexico would bo no holiday nfTair.
It would bo a prolonged and bloody con
test ; for Mexico, with a pcoplo inured to
war, with a vast extent of territory, with
her chapparals, and mountains, and defiles,
was one of tho most formidable powers in
world. Tho Florida war was commenced
with a small oppropnation,asn light afTair,
but il was soon found that another and an
other appropriation was wanted, till the
war became a drain upon the resources of'
the country. Your first fifty thousand tccn
might not bo sufficient to bring tho war to
a conclusion; you might want thousands
and hundreds of thousands more, and
this was, therefore, no time to begin to
raise tho par of the array. He hoped gen
tlemen who supported this proposition, did
not trifle by doing it for Buncombe, The
subject was too momentous for popularity
Peeking motions.
Mr Gordon, ofNow York.made a speech
to prove that tho southern members who
rolod against tho declaration of war wero
enemies to their country, and Mexicans in
heart As the volunteers were to have
eight dollars he was w illing to raise the
pay of the regulars from seven to eight.
Mr Liwrenca defended a leuer of his,
published In thelntelligcnecr of this morn
ing with much spirit
Mr Delano mado a powerful speech and
shotted up the whole of the Texas plot and
the design of tho administration to get Cali
fornia through intimidation.
Mr Douglass claimed the wholo territo
ry down to the Rio Grande, and said that
astkaAam bad acknowlegcd it as the boun
dary (TwaM-
Mr Aium isMpdred fcaw.
Mr Doug lata, replied wbw he was in
Texas wd was lha Dictator ofMaxico.
Mr Adams required if be was not (fan a
priaoiw.r of war.
Mr Denglaat replied that h was.but still
k was Lh4 gevarsuMsri, aad acted for the
Mr Aiataaaaid tkat it was somethioc
1 kt a priaeoer of war coo Id snake a
fat! a bawssitrj far his Government.
rbtaca4Upy watjseU&t4 some time
when the Committee aroso and the house
! to ar
Important protlan .
pudiakt invites drserlWH and prom
ises British prelection !
Washington, May. 1 4
The Senate adjourned at 7 lii o'clock
Inst evening, after passing the Houte bill
ayes, .10. nors 12 This is tho 50,000 vol
unler bill, and $10,000,000 appropriation,
All efforts to change the bill into n more
peaceable form, and all amendment propo
sing to transfer the appointments of olficrrs
from the President lo the Governors of the
respective slates also failed.
Oilier slight amendments relntivo lo o
quipments, weto adopted onthc fiinljpassiigc
ofllio bill.
Mr Crittenden moved lo tako a separa
tion votoon the prenmblo and bill, so as to
allow all ihe friends of tho inensuroto volo
for tho supplies, for there wcro many op
posed to the preamble, who wero in favor
of voting tho supplies, (This preamble
speaks of an existing war) A motion lo
strike out the preamble was rejected by a
voto of ayes 18, nay 28.
Mr Dallas decided that motion not to be
in order except by iinnnniiiiotu consent and
that const ,t seemed likely to be given, when
Mr Broci objected.
Mr Ulcere, then, strongly appealed lo
from several quarters, withdrew his objec
lion, hut Mr Bagby renewed il and would
not retract.
Mr Mangum then rnso and in n noble
mid masterly style, said ho was in favor of
fiio bill, and would fur it, but ho entered In
his solemn piotest against the truth of what
were alleged as fact in iho preamble.
Mr Clayton and oilier wines followed
in a similar strain, when lliu votu was ta
ken. I cannot eive you tlio names nf the Sena
tors voting in the negative, but Davis,
of Mass., T. Clayton of Del., Berrien
nf Gn. and Calhoun ofS. C. refused to re.
cord their names.
The House took a recess in meet in half
an hour, and would doubtless concur in nil
amendments sent lo them from the Senate.
In looking over tho New Orleans papers
I find n proclamation, (ten. Amp'.idia has
distributed through the American camp,
pronouncing our government unwoithy iho
Christian name.
It is addressed to the F.nslish and Irish
soldiers under the orders of Gen. Taylor.
Wo give a translation of tho proclama
tion which Gen. Ampudia hns found means
of distributing in the American camp.
The Commander-in-Chief nf Ihe Mexican
Army to the English and Irith under
the orders oj the American Gen. Tay
lor, Know Yc : That the Gnvern-'ent "f ihe
United Stales is ccim.i . . . . . . ,
ed barbarous aggression against the
magnanimous Mexican nation ; that the
government which exists under tho flag of
the mnrs, is unworthy tho designation of
Christian. Recollect that ynu wero born
in ure.-u nrunin ; mm me uovernmeni ol
the United States looks with coldness upon
the powrrful flag of St George, and i pro-
, , Z ' " r , . "
r . ' , . '
inanifestina a desire to have possession of
Oregon, as he has already done of Texas. I" :r:(1 10 ""J"01 " ,t0 til,1l "lc
Now, then, come will, nil confidence to the ' Alexicnii robbers and adventurers to
Mexican ranks, nnd I g.nrantee to you, up- make, incursions upon any parly that
on my honor, good ire.uinent, and thai nil 1 may be found straggling from it, and
your expends shall be defrayed until your' j bring on a fight, if them is any fight
arrival in the beautiful capital nf Mexico. in the Mexican Generals or soldiers.
Germani, French, Poles, nnd individual? Why, would not a man, with ordi
of other nations " Separate yourselves from nary foresight and discrimination, have
the Yankees, and do not contribute lo de. scon that a reeonoitre could scarcely be
fend n rnbbniy and usurpation winch, be avoided by armies so pi aced, opposite
assured, the civilized nations of Europe.hok 1 1(, each other, where the common sol
upon with the utmost indignation. Come ! Air u-m,U l. cm fr. n..nii.,ln il,-.t it
therefore ami array yourselves under the
In rMnr. .m fl.irv in lin r... n,l.....n .1....
... t.v.u.iu ..'..,1 UIIlllvilv- lIluL II !
uotl ot armies protects it, and that il will
pro'ectyo eual,v with Knglnnd,
FuXncihco II. iMani:.Nd
Ailjl. of the Cominandcr-in-Cliicf.
Head Q'rt'n upon the road toMatumoras,
April 2, 18 1G.
Ihe New Orleans Picavunis sovs;
"This exhibits the michinations n't the
bottom of the present enterprise. ThoMex
ican fortalSlJuaii de Uluo, is filled with
foreign einrmecrs, and lliat thu army this
side of the II 10 Grande is accompanied by
French, English, and other artillerymen.
Thelhn Grande. Wc presume our rea
ders all understand thai the Rio Grande.Rio
Bravo, and Rio del Norte, are so many dif
feront names for? tho same river which rises
in the southern slope of the Rocky Moun
tains and runs nearly due south almost two
thousand miles into the Gulf of Mexico.
Its course is in good part through a thinly
peopled)desert, in tome places mountaincous
in others composed of wide sterile plains
Valuable mines of gold and silver exist in
the province of Santa Fe, somo 1500 miles
from its mouth. Tho river is generally
rapid and rocky, rendering navigation dan
gerous if not impossible, but wo believe it
may be ascended by Mcam boats some 4 or
500 miles. MaUmorns, somo 70 or 60
miles from the gulf, is tbo usual head of
rntritntlimi "V Trihnnr
" p.,.,i Ti.n ...nr.i -i, i
curs in ihe news from Toxas which -vc pub- 1,1 ,llc former, Mr Polk is responsible,
liih this morniug. As that is rather a bcw fT mo latter, Congress has made it
word with our re'' t, ' slf nrrnuntable.
again, and is important in illustrating ibuj
'mil of war.' wo think nroner to nv ihm n
Chapparal is a tarm nppliod lo a species of
cveirecn thicket, composed of the musquit
bush, maUed with vines, It generally
grows about six or seven feet high. The
whole country between lha Nueces river
and the Rio Qrande.is more or less covered
with this ehapparal, interspersed with salt
lakes. There is very little frtsb water or
grras to be had in the any portion of the
whole inter mediate distance, average 150
mites wide. Pbil. U, 8. Gar.
'Peter.' txv the schoolmarro, 'of what
fruit is cidet saadef
Don t know,'
'Why, ym stupid boy, what did you get
wbeo yan robbed widow Coffin's orchard T
'I got a licking.'
JTWliir la' Herald announced the com
imiiCii.it nt ol ii... t,. mis w..h "Mexico,
which the congregated wisdom of the Uni
ted States have solemnly declared to bo War.
And in occordancc with that declarolion,
Prcsi lent Polk has issued bis Proclama
tion announcing the fact that "War exists
with Mexico." Thus hat the President
succeeded in embroiling us in a war, iho
commencement of which has called for the
enlistment of 50,000 men and tho appro
priation of 810,000,000, and which mayt
and probably will before we sec the enJ of
it, demand appropriations of men and luon-
cyto ten times that amount. What of that 7
Havo wo not gained I i-.xas, with territory
enough for fivo moru Slave States ? Of
what consequence is I? 1 00,00 ),000, orlhe
sacrifice of 50,000 lives, in comparison
with tho perpetuation of the petuliar inii
tulion of the South 7 Thus wc go. Truly
this it n creat country.
All eyesnru now turned totfnrds Texas,
and the next news from the Army ol Occu
pation is awaited with the utmost anxiety.
Nothing since our last has hem heard from
the army. Thn last dales fmn the camp
arc to the 2Glh of April. Nfi general en
gagement had then taken place, but il is
confidently expected that tho n xt inuil will
bring the news of n general engagement
The news from Washington a that Gen
Scott is lo take command of the forces to be
called out. 23,000 men, ennsiaing of three:
regiments each from Indiana, Illinois, Ken
lucky, nud Tennessee, anil tho residue made
up from the other Stales, arc lj be called
into the field immediately. T.io balance
of the. 50,000 oro lo be held as a reserve
Baltimore Correspondence of ihe Boston
B.u.ti.mokj:, May KJth, 181(5.
Wc arc hero nil in oxciteii.cnt about
the nows from the Army in Texas.
War of some kind, now sceirs "inevi
table" not, ns Gen. Cass A, with
Enulaiid, but with Mexico; end if Mr.
Polk is allowed to i;o on, as lit has been
going, for tho last ten months, we
shall have war with England too,
most probable. Was there ever a more
unnecessary war than this with Mexi
co? With ordinary prudence with
cat.!.' and r oti'ated only
by a spirit of justice pence never
ronld have been disturbed. But whilst
i Mexico is distracted .in her councils
her people, excited bv almost nionthlv
revolutions and her masses, stituula-
i tca by the rapacity that is seen every
whcrein her Imrders, to deeds of wroii"
nt ,lis tlmo sccmiil'dv only iii
.I brnvalo,theSnmll 'handful of
so dtcrs whocoinposuoiirarmv, is or-
, , . ., , , . . . - ' .
WftS tht t0 take a-lvantage of any op-
. '
portunity to engage in one ? The only
wonder is that there was not a contest
between straggling parties of the ar
mies before, or how, indeed, a general
engagement was kept o(T.
Was over any thing more wanton
than this? Madness must have ruled
the hour, when the army was ordered
from a place of comparative security,
from where the country could bo bet
ter protected, and from where the in
vasions of the Mexicans r.ould as effec
tively be resisted, to a place which it
could only reach after exposure and
hard traveling; and which, were reach
ed, nut the army to great disadvantage
in tho essential pomis of retreat, sup
plies, defence, and even oireucc.
Who doubts, that if Mexico had done
to the United States what tho United
States has done to Mexico, and had
then marched its small armies lip to
her very lines, and llontcd her Hag in
tho face of her soldiers and citizens,
that the United States would not have
fallen upon the Mexicans and slaugh
tered them 7 No one can doubt that
wo would have done this, if tho places
of the countries were change noth
cr illustration of the fable of tho bull
that goared the ox.
But we do not stop with foolishness;
wc must needs assume, in taking
on x ground for a war. a false nositmn
i oil .a've Hit bate in tl.o Sen.-itP
yesterday, and in Ihe House on Tues
day. You will see that the two Ifou
ses of Congress, in the very face of the
facts, have passed a bill, declaring that
war now exists between the United
States and Mexico, 'by the act" of the
latter! This was denounced in the
Senate, as little 1 ess than a downright
falsehood, and in the House, Mr Hoi
mes and others did so call il; susd yet
the majority insiaied upon keeping it
in the bill, resisted all attempts nnd all
besecchings of the minority to take it
out, and tho voto for the supplies might
be unanimous. Hut nothing would
satisfy them, and the bill was passed,
with this fnlshood blazoned upon its
very forehead I
' T - ,
The distinction between hostilities
nnd war was well taken, nud conclu
sively shown in the Senate. Numer
ous cruses were referred to; but one
was not touched, which is exactly in
point. I refer to the seizure by Com
Jones, some two years ago, ol a Mexi
can town on the Pacific. Tho cause is
familiar. A rumor had reached Com.
Jones, that there was war between
Mexico nnd tho United States; and,
acting on what ho regarded as correct
intelligence hogoes ashore, takes pos
session of the town of Monterey, ar
rests or dcjKises the authorities, and
raises the American Hag. Hero was
an net of aggression, in a natural jwint
of view, more important than tho re
cent skirmishes between sounds or de
tachments of the armies at Kio Grande.
You know what was the icMilt. Com.
Jones was misinformed, abandoned the
city ho had taken, made acknowledg
ments and, his actlieing disavowed by
the United States, the matter was set
tled. Now, suppose the. Government
of Mexico.on Hearing what Com. Jones
had done, had deliberately adopted a
dclaration that war Ik'tween Mexico
and the United States "existed by the
act" of the United States, what would
we have said? What would the civi
lized world have said That Mexico
was wrong that she had assumed
what she had no rmht to assume.
Tho net of Com. Jones was an ar t of
hostility but it was not one ol war.
The Supremo Governments only can
declare war. The act of hostility may
bo lepelleri it ought to bo rcpeiled
but the Government, whoso oflicerhad
made it was entitled lo be called on, to
say whether it avowed it. If it was
avowed, then a declaration of war fol
lowed. If it weredisclaiined, it was a
case for indemnity.
The case of Ihe steamboat Caroline
is another case. That vessel was .sei
zed, in the waters of the United States
and burned. Mr Van Huron, then at
tho head of the Government, did not
real it as an act of war on the part of
heat Britain he scaieelv regarded it,
f.,,.1 n,.infllti,l,i, llm ),o.
called on the British Government lo I
j whether it held itself responsible'
lo: iho act; and, when told 'England
was responsible,' did not even push th
: . . i .it
matter to a .settlement. Here was ..
clear case, as Mr Webster demonstrates
i m Mr rrnniit (rrnnt sneeeli rn the
Washington treaty was a case which
should havo been repelled at the time
it occurred, and for which satisfaction
ought to have been jwremptorily de
manded; but Mr Van Huron and his
administration did neither. It was left
for Daniel Webster to obtain the last
and for this he is abused, by tho lea
dors of the partvwhosctthoinsclvesup
;us the haters of every thing British.
When will nations learn lo be just?
And when will men learn that it is
more honorable to do right than to do
wrong, when vou have the might?
The flurry iibout stocks is well-nigh
over. Uur stock market went up yes
terday, and again today, and are now
nearly where they were when the'war
news' first came.
No change in flour or grain.
New OrUans Correspondence of the Iloston
New Orleans, Mav fith, )
I -J d'eloek, M. $
To Ihe JMitnr of the Boston Atlas
No news from the army yet. The
anxiety to hear further intelligence is
intense. A report was taised, yesterday
afternoon, that news had been received
of General Taylor's command having
had an engagement with the. Mexicans,
in which the latter were defeated, but
there was 'nothing in it.' It created a
great sensation, for a time, and sj read
through the city like wildfire. When
the report reached the State House, the
Legislature, amid loud cheering, ad
journed. Kvcry hour give rises to re
ports, which are eagerly swallowed,
such is the degree of excitement pre'
vailing. I think wc must have news
from the Army today. The enrollment
ol volunteers still continues, and sev
eral companies have already been
mustered into thn U. S. service, while
others arc ready to bo mustered.
The number of volunteers is about
1200. Recruiting parties are marching
through the streets, in all directions,
and the sound of drum and fife may
1 .cared in all parts of tho city. As
1 write, a fine company ofvolun'ecrs
the 'old Hickory Guard' are murclnp
down St. Charles street, on their way
to the U. S. Barracks, 1 presume. I
learn, from the Delta, that a company
of U. S. troops, stationed at Fort Wood,
left, on Monday night, in the steamboat
Undine, for Brazos Santiago. Tho
prompt action of the Mobilians, on re
ceipt of the news from the Army, is
the thomo of universal praise.
EO-Mr L,r.vi Lewis of Wells, has been
appointed an Agent for this paper, and is
authorired to obtain subscribers, make col
lections, &.C.
It appears that our commerce is not
likely to sulTcr from letters of marque
to tho extent that was at first appre
hended. The Courier des Etats Unis
states, that by a treaty, signed in 1825,
between Central America and this
country, it is agreed that when cither
of the contracting parties shall lo en-
gaged in a war, no citizen of ths other
country call accept any commission or
letter of marque against tho former,
under penalty ofbeing treated as a pi
rate. Similar treaties have bcr t con
cluded, and are now In force with
Vcnoauela, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia,
Chili, Brazil, England, France, Spain
and Denmark.
The widow of Col. Cross died at
Washington on Thursday morning.
She had been in failing health forsonio
tunc, and the shock of her huusband's
death was too much for her.
A correspondent of the New York
Commercial Advertiser, writing from
n aaiuiigiuu, says: 'ucucrai scon nas,
to my certain knowledge, denied, m
conversation, lliat he was consulted on
the subject of the removal of the army
r ,, . .
from Corpus ChriMi to their position
on the Rio Grande, lie says he did
not approve of the removal. This is
important, inasmuch ns it has lieon at -
tempted to relievo the President from
,.,, r . . ,. . ,
tbo responsibility of so injudicious and
unnecessary an aei, the consc(uencc of
which was the provocation of war.
A 1 . : i r lit i
The President's proclamation will bo
speedily followed by one for a rigorous
blockade of all the Mexican ports.'
On the 7lh inst. no reinforcements
had left New Orleans for the seat of
war. At that time about 1500 men had
volunteered, and wcro nearly all form
ed llltorompanics and oflicer ;l. The
rcmainiP'rlOUOjCalled lor by ( Son. Tay- sitions.
lor, from tho state of Louisiana, we're ' Total number of churches, Suri
to bo raised at once by draft. Mean-! l'icsu 025 are Catholic. Yulne of ci.
time the volunteers have'eone on from ' properly, 1 00,000,000 Nunbcr of urn
Mobile, and 1 Omen, all told, from Gal-' WrM I Catholic Priests, 70'.). N
veston. (Wemtisl bo iH-rmitted to sav l of communicants of nil clnirchis. -I
" parenthesis, that the Texans do not
cxibit quite so much patriotism as had
been expected of them. Tbev s,.pm
i nev seem
determmed to fold
lTcle Sam isdefeiu1
The obi geir' man
His fool into it'1 this
their arms while
p country !)
inly "put
.Juily Mai'
The Inzrrsoll Investigation. Tho Un-
"m '"'' 'ny says:
I'liu two committer:, of investigation in-
tn the charges of Mr Ingersoll against Mr
Webster, nnd of Mr Schcnck against Mr
Ingersoll, have both been in session, nnd
the former with authority from tho 'louse
in sit during its sessions. Owintr lo Mr.
Wilmot's regretted illness nrul m r Pctiit'ri re
fusal to servo without n clerk, tho former
committee has buen retarded. But Mr
UrlnkerlioH'and ir Jones having been sub
stituted for Mr Wilmot nnd Mr Pittit, the
important businefs will probably proceed
without farther delay. The other Commit
tee we under land, has examined Mr Bu.
ehannn and Mr Triit and is prosecuting its
The following are the yeas nnd nays in
the Senate, nil the passage of tho bill on
Tuesday, recognising a war with Mexico,
nnd giving power to thu President lojiros-
I Clllo It ;
Yeas Messrs Allen, Archer, Ashley,
Atlierloii, Bagby, Barrow, Benton. Berrien,
Breese, Bright. Cameron, Cass, John M.
Clayton, Colquit, Cnrwin, Crittenden, Diy
Ion, Div, Houston, Jarnagin. JenneJS.Jnhn
son nf Maryland, Johnson of Lou., Lewis,
MeDufTie, Mangum, Morehead Nile.s, Pen
nybacker, Rusk, Semple, Sevier, Speight,
Sturgeon, Turney Upham, Woodliridge,
Nays Messrs. T. II Clayton, and Da
vis 12.
Mr Crittnnden'i naino being called, he
answered 'ay, except the prcamblc.'J
In the I louse the vote on the above bill
was 173 yeas lu I I nays. Thu following
arc the nanus of tho members who voted in
the negative :
Messrs. John 0,'iincy Adninn, Afhmnn,
Cranston. Culver, Delano. Giddings, Gre
nail. Hudson, D, P. King.Root. Severance,
Strohm, Tildcn nnd Vnucc-.l 1.
nv Tin: I'nr.sior.NT or Tin: v stati:h.
Whereas, the Congress of the United
States, by virtue of the Constitutional au
thority vested in them, have declared by
their net, bearing dato this day. that "by
the net of the Republic of Mexico, n state
of war exists between that government and
the United States "
Now, therefore, I, James IC Polk, Pres
ident of the United States .f America iln
hereby proclaim the ran' it .hnm U
mav concern; on ! do iin on 11
persons ''oldm ,iflice military,
under the authority of 1 States.
mtthey b" vigileniri' iz, - in diecliu t
ing the duties respectively incident thereto.
And I do moreover exliori nil the good
piopleofthe United States, as they lovo
their country,as they ft el thu wrongs which
have forced on them the lost resort of inju
red nations, and as they consult tho best
means under iho blessings of Divine Prov
Jcnce of abridging its calamities, tha they
exert themselves in preserving order, in
promoting concord, in maintaining the nu
thorny and thn efficacy of the laws, and in
supporting and invigorating all tho meas
ures which may bo adopted by the constitu
ted authorities for attaining a speedy, a juil
and an honorable peace.
In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set
my hind, and caused ihe seal of the
United Stales lo be affixed lo tlitAe
prrKnts, Done at the City of
L, s J Washington, this thirteenth day of
May, one thousand eight hundred
and forty-six, and of the indepen
dence of the United Stale ths seven
tieth. JAMES K. POLK.
By the President,
Janes Buchanan,
Secretary of Stale.
. ATAIj accidkkt.
Mr. Maiitin S. Downs of Shaft! j.
ry was killed on the 12th mst. by .
explosion of a grindstone. Mr ,
was engaged in the .shop
ishing spindles ujon a dry stone 'h
stonti had Ihhmi elevated to a r,,r
bight to bo most convenient fur iUC
business. Tho accident wctirrwlnlori
1 o'clock P. M., shortly after .Mr II ,
return from dinner, when but a jtotim,
of tho hands who usually workidlhc
wero present. Ho was liulilini: a t j a,
die upon the stone when it Imiv ,
Marge picco of which struck Ininiii u
i i i. i. :.. ..!.
minutes, he probably realized nothing
after the stone hit him. The piece of
stone that hit him, struck a vice
feet back of where the vict'in m - ;
with so much lorce as tobreak it 1
. i . t iiii
innately tne iiinu wnonmi nei nt u
(there, and would have been ugnm
f,'w minutes, was out, or he u,
mt!oss have .shared the fat, ,t .
lellow. Mr 1). was in the .I'Jil c u
,,is for(mmIPv o( ,s- ,,,
n,. lfls L.ft ,i wife and' two cluldm.
, motiin his early death, The ticn,.,
1 u.st have been occasioned by tl . .
fVct "f lht) velocity or force with u!, ,
the stone was turning,
Mf WflS n sU .,ful m(Tjaii
carpenter by trade. 1 le had few .
1 enemies, therefore his death wi'l -
lamented b; .ill
Ciii.iot s Statistics Some , ! .
ous collector ofjtuliMics has taken luira
akccrtaiu the number of cliutclu!, t,n;
nun, cominurncanls, kc, in the l'n .
States; from' the instill of Ins labors &
tract the following, which to
wiui inieresi arm surprise. J lie hum!
and amounts far exceed all provioii, sj
f i!,,'!!!,1
' f i,, !!;',, , ,i It
. 1 ul'!"-m"ln' ll.
I Viilliwui, WllllllUllltUII. i cm
those who live ly
tics, iib'Uit
500.0U0 ho tlu nut i
Ti number of Liwers in the l' i
Slates is fsiimnlcd in ;U).() 'H
The uuuiber of physici ins an'l s.i
Tho whole army of the United ."
Tin en. ,re navy at le.M than l,0i"1
Professors, teachers ami schooling
Rogues in prison estimated at I1,
rogues out of prison no ntiirn.
Cataiiact Cavk, SciioiiAiuiir --'1
Cataract Cnvu was first openid about I
ysurs sinco by n young man of the name
Howe. J no opening when first M
was but little larger than n man's arm ..
after arduous labor for soino hours, lie
ceeded in making his way into a ut
where he could stand erect, and c in.
ing on, numerous chambers werediv a
ud, of great extent nnd beauty. The i:
avenue has been since examined tan
tancc of seven miles. One of the n
most rooms, (six miles from the tntrr
which has been named the Rotn l.i "
or -10 feel in drimetcr, nnd is said '
feet in height' Beyond this dure '
rotunda about 12 feet in diaiui ter, un.i
eral hundred feet high. The c..im
arc splendidly arrayed in Mjirn:u i
stalagmites, many of which are of ,'u'v
dimensions. Thousands of bat's L.n c
ereil the bottom in ninny plucis mil '
were buried in the sin igimlo Alu -mile
from the entrunci mid a Inlf a
from the main uvenue.there is a l.ili o'
ter, of great magnitude, whose roiruih'
these siibteriatleous ieceses has L n e
partd lo Niagara; thn envt- is named. f
this fill, the CatBrnrt C -c The ro.-k
which it occurs is limestone. ps'.iikna:
L'aHTDK (Jit,.- it IS linpuiuili"'
invalids to know that castor oil
easily be taken, if mingled witl .r.i,.
juice a little sugar being added W '
juice, if the orange bo not ri
sweet. The difference between t
and other modes of taking thiva!
hie medicine, is supprisinj;. Kx
The discoverer of thealKive r :
(if it bo trur should make liiu.
known, that he may be honored.!' "
one of Iho ancient sages has justly "
marked, "He who makes hard th
yo easy, is a public benefactor."'
i'ew llnglard Varw
Bom Dr.Ai- and Dumd Tli'
Mrs Ja ni: W was inually rn
able fur kindness of heart und ubsir.:'
ind One day she was accostid by a t
gar, wi.osn stout and Iit-a ''hy appear-1
startled iv( her into n rnomenur u'
of needfulness of char, , in his mi- "
'Why,' exclaimed the good old ladr
look wil' ibln to work ' 'Ves rs'i :
suppl ,ut 1 have been di.d i"J
these seven years.' 'Poor man f- 1
heavy affliction I1 exclamed Mrs
samo time giving him relief with a . ' '
hand On her return home she wei
the fact, remarking, 'What a drtadiw " '
it wn lo bo so deprived of such
faculties I' 'But how,' asked her""''
you know thai tho pooman had beni
and dumb for seven ysfrs'f 'Wbv,' '
the quiet and unconscwusanswtr, 'b- ;:
inc so ,
Goon Lick. The Gn-en JV
publican says: "Wo understai.J
our old friend KU-nezer Chi"-U J'4'
made a fortuno by the discovery w
haustiblo beds of coper nnd M'rtr
a iermit near I-'ort Wilkins."
"Lovo is iho shadow of ibe mo""'
which decreases as (be dsy ndvancH-
Friendship is the shadow of the crra
which strengthens with tho settmg UB J
life;" "What shadows we arc sad &
shadows we pursue "

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