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whirl Tnta adij.U! in Marth, KVi, mo
aloriaj mi rejirvrrTJtttite ifistrretr were
t-rt"4iJ r xUtiding wrt of Uk iS'iwi
The (VigTr of Trxai. (i tlx of I)r
fraibev. 1 30. paed An ai-t tu -Irttir (lie
UrfUeluirt of the rTMibfV r( Tv,
irnt by the Unrird Btntn into litr trrritnry
far the purrwe of prMcclmr and defrnding
hrr ctnit tho Ihrrattnrd invasion It
would have Urn a tiolttion of good faith
iomdi the prepi. of Tum to have irftit
and by lb H cl thrv .stewled their
'mfl and political ;uffirtioiiw out the
reentry up t that b idaH
I'antura f-r -l of mor. than tone wars.
Mrh inleneied bs-twtvTi t,e dnpti.n (
bef ci.n.tituti n and her annexation our
of the States of the t'ufiii. Texai a.-erlid
aud ticnisil many art. of amctt-igiity ami
ur iiictiou om the territory and inhabit
ant wttt of the Surer! She organised
uifl defined tlic IiiuiU of coui Met extending
to the Hio (Jrande She established courts
of juitirc and extended her judicial niMtm
ovrr the territory She ealahlishtd rutnii
Uiuae, am! eollcetrd duties, an J alco pot
offtces and p-st nad. in it. She established
a land oftce. and itud bumcruu grants for
Und, within lU limit. A Senator noil
ltrin-eritatite rcsidmciu it were clectui to
the Congress of the Hcpuhhe, ami ?rrul
m such before tLc act of annexation took
lu both the Coram und Contention of
Tela, which garo thru esacnl toaW-tenire
nnrr Texas hail established herilliiilcpend-rtii-o
a trcatv was concluded for tW annex-ali-iti
of that republic to the United States,
wbi'h was rejected by the Senate,
rinallv, on the first of MarrKlMS. Con-
ctv i--J a joint resolution Aw annexing
juitment of existing difficulties, Irnt, fol-Jptti of our consul In the rii nf Meiiro, of i lrpr t,frt, f ,
kKb thtj dUtl I'.i' WttitrtJo frwm as'n't a thrraunnl invanon to hu h ! Iter to the I iutl taton. uiod ctttatn pre- i that he had hen inrented witT full power
in Month U it fmrrf to llwir houtxlirr. ,,,ef ''d n Mooted by ihur freo d ter- I liminarv condittotM to whieli h? tteent waa to adjurt all quetiort In dirte between
ably aUrmlf,.r it own .mirily. ai.d l "k . p J. .i 'i. A
nrcr to watv
tfoti led by
anrement and ref
" , . ... . t . . 1
our minister; and tin, aliiioticii miormcti
1 offthcdanrrtt.crenduJ,h',V,Mn,m,u,:,' " '"" Hl pro.ftHl
. r , i.. lri)nible lo upioe Ihtl he mull are llie Ilia be.t mrto ol rruiinn 1
1'arsde. Tiolatod.t. .taL,,,,,,,, l0 Melf0 of , w u,.l the d rU
id refuacd. to rrcr. arcreili y,,, 8lilei ,m) , would u, J Mf , lch ftuf ' M iih
j relened, ma) r je.olt (n ip,fd S
I bla raea. Wiih out riDe,i. ' . IVv
minalion to annri thrmtrlrn toour Union
in compliance ith the ort'ituir mmlo 10
il rm by ihe joint rrtolutiun of our Cun
Acoidmcly, a por'ion n'tlir armv a
or.Ticd tn ndvance into 'IVi (,'orpui
L'hfiiii wai the IKiniin itJ hr flinrr
bli inierl to f "or ixtr.
It kii under lliea rlrcsaatuneea and op-
Among the frirolou
1 k.1 il. .1.IM. 1 . ....1 MiJj ..1 il... l..,-iliia MlnanT lli unnniiBl ulir
' rr , and ,-p.e d Te.a on tho U. that our mini, tcr had not gone p, a "t"." X 'ihi?! j .".
dcq hmtcrcMirR.nionaii.nl rtcntt-d bv filial illusion, confined o tho qiication inv! . ,,,, .,t',Jci ,n, fa him, by a
(ucc rc9uuiiiiii3, arv kuukn w loe wuiiu. jcxai muiif:t ivaiiu an inr wiiiibi-' njnfn
C'iIictc., tho l'tccutirraai the (wojilc our flag and our citircn wirediwfcd.
, of To.if, in a cotitriition clccttd for that Tlie Mctiran KnTcrmnenl well know that
al Taylor. 1 le i ncuitijx i nt llut p'cc in
Vuj;u(, I8t5, anJ ll,c n r my innnmctl in
lhat position until the I lih of Maicli, I SIC
"liMi It morril MritwmiJ. noil on Mir .-, rrMt,ri,, , ,lr fP,ler, l jon ..,,( )rrrj
of ihm month, rrach.d the rait bank ol .h.- lm ,jch 1aj Cl.,k.j to fij,, j,v ,he n,turRHy anj ingCprahly blended,
Mioaiondf, npiHUitr Matainorit. I'hu ' rliri,l. itf.,i ,.,. il.nn II llliaitrr nf a rin. i (iiIkIi1 In fimliln tbn l!nl(jkf Mfi
on Ihtae conlilrllioe that il war deemed i of the unreasonable rouia of il !!
eipedlenl not lo nbiUUCl lila rtltrni lo Mel- autlioritlea, It il the pot of ...
iio. aliiiuld be atleiiipt lo u in CJii r object , lot In the energy nf ur mii..lf
until tbu leaitlt li made Unn i
! deemed Important to bo.il 1
aatsion o all the nrnilnrr, i n r
meant nf our blockade, In nreTeMiUE the it taken, until a ilrfmitn iimt .,i ",eu
t i'ih imiiuuvii anu ratibe
turn of hit riral to Mexico On the ron'r
ry it wat belierrd that itia inteitlno diria
Kin which nrdlnaiy atfTacity cuuld not hut
anticipate at the Iruit of Santa Anna' return
in Metlru, iid hit (oniril i'jrailr..
iiirjcp, accepted ith great usaoitoity tlio both our national honor and tho protection
prnHiH'J terms ot annexation and thtia due to aur flllicn. impcramcly rcqmrrd
mikiim, f ..li lii.v tir4 Iim 1ijiI mif nf i,mt flu. I. fiiii.nl I.t. u nf lie iitiiln M nl .1
... . . . iiiiiiiii i.iiiifiii imii.i in iiiiiiiiii ii 11 ia iiiiki iifin
tndctunitj lij u J be trcntcd ol together, ((J fMoro ,nJ fn
naturally ami inttcpraiiiy oicuucn, ami cai
juarterof a ecu- I culated to enablo tho United State to ox
ofanrMiallitfl lu .- 1i.Im.J tr7 foct'
by our Concreaa, were repreaentatlrcs real-
r . . .
ding weat of the Nuenea, who loik part in
the aet of annexation itaelf. Thi nan the
latt were rcceixd at tho Ip.irtmnl nf
Slote Thrto conununicnlioni icndi-nd it
U.lnlil.i n.nl..t.l. if l -1,.,.1,,1-t.,
I'llt t , f IIIUIMI IIIUI.II'H II llf MlJillllli I, tlltllll,
Texaa which by the act i,f onr ( ongrcj of . ihalof)r'minl,r Ul,.j not be rcce.vcd by the
tLc 29th of DeccmW IMS, wa, admilcl la, , Gnrnmrn, 0cnela , Pffrra, Jwa,
,.ae of tho Mate of onr Lmon. That the , nJ0 (vf) Lnown bt), ,,, h ciilj(
Uricres ''ie ' Mate undcnitnwl be enlerlaiiud of a difiem.l rr.uli f.om
the flute of Texaa winch they admitted into j Gtrral ..lfa(ir,. jn case of ll.c revolution
the Union to extend beyond the iire 11 1 ,.. fnovl.mi.m wllc, ie ,V3I pro,ec uling '
apparent from the fact, that on the lll.st of ( (hmi,j e succesltl M uas )IR,.,
DeccndKr, 1K, only two days after the ' iro(,ablc.
act of admirsion, they'pnwd a law "to r. nl of Jlira,PSi al ollr mmt.
tabhsh. a collection diatrict in the .State of , jn j, , d) rrfPfrr tn ,tatMi (,r(.3lh.
Tcxaa, by which they created a jkiM of ' ,4 ,hc fi,.ffrsl borliliiy against the United
iHiseryat rorpu l.Wi fitnatol went f . SlaUa. denr.unccil Hie pMpos.d negoiution
the .Nucce. and l:ing the Mine kjiiiI at ( , t!mi) nll, op, y Clicj upul ,1P
which the Tex-, ru.ton.. House, under the , lfoopj , ,lin .lf.0(,r l0 plJl ,j0vn ll0
law of that republic, had been located, and ertll(.nl 0f Heffcra by lorcc. The recon
directed that a turveyor to collect the rev- jnurll f Texas, and nr with the. United
euue ahould U-atilM.inted for lliat lK-rt by Slatet. win., nnrnlv ibrrntined. ,VU,,n
me rrnoiuuiii, 11 V nun nun 111
conaent of tlio Senate.
A purveyor wai acoorditiplv nommatec
J 1 I... .1 . C ... ....I I... I. .. 1 . r r (, .
aii. 1 v.muiii.ii ,fj in,; .-timii-, nun urn ir. vii ( lcm Konni-r 01 1 cxns, nnii occujiy n posi
ever unco 111 uhj cnormaneo m nn uuiira.
tnorrment nnnsdi- in pursuance of orders
from (ho Wot P pai'in-nl, nstnd on (he
13-h of Janu4ry 1
H'forelhcrr oit'elf ert ir-unl, iho drs
patch of one of our nimu'eir in .Mexico
.ran.t.,ng.ha . cc..ion o the U.uric.l ol to ,,, lWt:irv ()f Htate, bcarJg .late on ' ,dW,c,r..,cly by the army commanded by
U..ernment of Mextco, 1.. ruing ha. he , . (,nUri:li m aga!nU , ,Art AJ e MI,,rCn,e pwer in Mexico
------ . .- h as -an .nt 01 aitgrcscton, tirofcosl utiiusi
Pj.ch of our ooniul residing at th,- c.y of , wl,jch f.reco.Jed iX-aun.lt of
r- --- r orable portion of her tcmlorT; sod tiro-
mrrnge io vxmBrr mt i.n 01 may ,,..: ,l,r .Mntion ofarmet.tion
ns licing An act "whereby thd province of
ToxaH, an integral poitlon of tic Muxicnn
territory, i acrced and ndutitctl into the
American I'liion ;" mid huaumunccd that,
ns a eoiiM'quenei', hi micsion t the I'nilcd
State had trrniiiintctl, and dtnmnded his
p.iMirt, which wore granted
lur befon- I I tend to them the most lilieral justice On
After the joint rcitolution forilic annex- tho 30th of December, 4b, (icncral Hcr
nlion of Texan to the 1'iiittd plates had rcra resigned the presidency, and yielded up
been paseeil by our (Nuigress, ihe Mexican ( the government to general l'arcdc without
iminster at nMimgtoii aaupfred a nolo a strujjclo. 1 bus a revolution wa aeeom
passed ir to the hand of a military usurper
who wai known to bo bitterly hostile to the
ising, from the known hostility of its head
to tlic United States, yet, determined that
nothing shall ho left undone on our part to
restore, fiiendly relations between the two
countries, our minister was instructed to
present hit credentials to the new govern
ment, and ask to he accredited by it in the
ptire wiiu tha United Statat. l'artdet
a tolilier by profession, tnd a monaicbiit in
principle He bail but rei entlr before them
been tucretsful in a mllpary involution, br
uhirh hr had obtained ptiwer. lie wst the
tworn enemy of the Unilec1 Slatet, ttilh
which he hnd insulted bit rnunlrr in the
existing wnr. Santa Anna hid been ex
pelled irom power by Ihn army, wai known
lo bo in oiien hoatllity to Parades, and pub
licly pledged against fortign inliiTeolion,
and ihe taatoriiion of monirrhr In Meiiro.
In iw of tlieaa ficta and rlreumtlancts il
was, that, when otderi uere itsuad tu llit
y l4WAf "' ml forea Irtlha Qulf.
on tha ISIfi ay ormay, last, onlr Ji,.
ni ma rinirnre or uie war nad oeen re
cognized by Congreti, to pUre the coitt of
Mexico under blockade, he was directed not
to obtlrnet the piitiga of Santa Anna lo
Mexicu, thould ho attempt to return.
A rtTiilulion look olace io Mexico io
earlr pari ol AopusI fullonlntr. br which ihf
diolomatic character in which ho had been I P""' was iiserlbrown. nd he
' j rni : . v 1 mi ainre been b.i
li u.i 11. ..in il.rt nl.n-...l ... 1... 1 ; .. ; j rrl v .
... umuii iiiv uuurv... ti;'i, ilium- iiy , i;iiiiiiiiihUIII(.'U, 1 iicil- uiairuci ion OC CXC- I. ,,,,, i -,l. u. ., r. J r, '
Mexico. ClM -cir indebted or ..dependence cuted by hi nolo of the first of March. 1848, Aon. turned.' luSn.' !o Z'et whV!
banithed from the country, d
to a cuccesslul revolution,) that tho repub- addrchscd to tlicMoxican minister or Foreign
lie of 'J' exuK .still contiiiuel to 'io, uotwith- 1 AfVairs, but his rcqneat wa insultingly rc
standing all that had pasrtod, x province of fused by 'bat minister in hi answer of tho
Mexico, that this btep was tikcn by the 1 l'Jth of tho same month. No alternate c
Mr-icaii minister. I remained for our minister but to demand
i:eryhnnonible efTort l.ns l.-cn used by , ),ib pRjMts, and return to tho United
inn to avoide the war which followed, hut States.
all have proed vain. All our attcmiits to Thus war tho oxtraordinarv Rpectiolc prc
prcscrvo penco have been met by insult and sonted to tho civilized world", of a govern-
rcnisinncu on 1110 pari 01 .110 am. 4uy 01- mont. in violation of its own oxnrts nerco
1 were the circumstances existing, when ,t Torts to tliin end comiiie-'iccd in the note of . mont, having twice rejected a minister on ",I,nl "I1 ril 'f the nation w
win dcenud proper lo older the urmy tin- j tllu -"etary ol State of tho lOtli of March ' peace, invested with full powers to adjust all ' '-""R"5" promptly re-poi
ated dcr Gtnctal Taylor to advance lo the wrs-1 1!S,,r'. in answer to that of tho Moxiean min- j the existing difference between tho two ,J,'. m' V" cimM,yu"
lion on or near the H10 Grande. I hilkt declining to rcoticn & discussion
All tbeso act of the topublic of Texas, and 'i .c annrehcniions of n contemolntrd , which had ahcady iiecn exhaustul, and pro
of our Congress, proceeded tho ordert for 1 .Mexican invasion have hern since fully jus- V'"K "P3'11 what wa known to the whole
the advance of our army to tlio east bank of ttfitd hv the event The determination of world, that Texas had long sinco achieved
inc juu u ramie, nunseqnenuy, congress 1, Mexico to rush into
pas'iil an act "rsUiiliahing certain jmst I Slntc was nftrrwa
routct, extending west of the rsucce. I ho whnlo tenor of the
country weit of that river now constitute a minister of Foreig
art ot one of tho Uoiigres'ioual ilistnct of hcaritvihite on the
17 .IT . I II r .. .". .. .' tin . I .1 1 ... ..
icxa. ano is representee 111 inciiouseoi Mim m bm 1 1. men uiinn (I,.. ...,v. ouh e orto t 1011 11 ho ucvotetl to tho ami
Representatives. The Senators from that j emmctit, and his minister, after referring to call'c adjuKincnt of every cause of corn
State were chosen by a Legislature in which j tho resolution for the annexation of Texas, 1 laa list between the two 'governments, and
the country west of that river was represent- which had been adopted by our Congress in 10 tin- cultivation of tho kindest und niot
.narcn, iP-lf), jirocecas to declaro tliat "a mamma oeiwccn me isicr rcpuo-
fact such at this. or. to sneak with irreatcr lies."
countries in a manner just and honoiohlo to
both. I am not aware Hint modern history
prcjenis a paranci case, in wiiiiii, in time ol ed tho meant necetasry for Its
peace, ono nation has refused even to hear prosecution. Doing involved io a
remaina to be teen whrib.
r his return mty not vet prove favorable to
a pacinc anjottmenl or the cxluing diMisuh
tiei, II being manifestly hii interett not lo
perierer io the protecuiinn of a war com
menced by I'atodes, to acrompl.'sli a pur
pots to nlxurd at the re.rnnqucit of Teiai
to the Senilis. Had I'arjdes rvmnliind in
power, it win morally certain that any pacif
ic adjuitoient would hivo been hopeien.
Upon tho cnnimencemenl of hontiluiaa b
I Moiico apalnit the United State', the indie
va' atom e aroiucd.
nded lo the exoec-
lid hr the art of ihn
l.llh May last, rncoenired the fct lh.it war
existed, by the art of Mexico, between the
l!I.JC'.-.- 1.1 ...
ciiiiou onus ana ini reputnic, and grant-
propositions from another for terminating t cmmenced bj Mexico, and for the jii'tice
Tha war ln not Lren wij, j
lo riiiiiuit luii I.-.,..... 1
- WM. II-,J M-. .
by Mexico, II lit. ,en riarrir.1 ,- "
my't cmiolrr, ind will be tl( Jr ' '
ruted there, wllh a view in bt,m
able peace, and tlitrrby teruir ,B."t
deninily fur the ci(enci of ul(
well at to our much Jurrd tllJ(,
bold luge pecuniary demmd1 ijnaK'jJ
II the laivi if .nnn
..j ... ... ni CTOjjiri 1
V-r leaubjert to be K.rne h
qoeror duiloK Ins miliiarr l-.iK.ut?!
until limn. i riilir, 1...1 . . 1 .
ah a ll volonlanl? withdraw m lla n"
civil goveiomeiit brine ntrtMini,
ded.lti.lh. right fdul, off Z
orioterurc In. .om.ur.t, ,ti MnJFL
Ihn m.liilKiiii,.. .f .il 1
... in. vii hi c iii 1 nrnt uji!. ...1
of the inhabiting. I hit ritkt k
llary and naval cotnmimlrt., ,j ,v, t'u.
Ilshmenl of temporary Rovr rnrntmi n IWi
of tho conquered ptovincrt ol Mtiiri,
Hating them Car m ptanicibtt toik, (B1
lastitiilinns of our own rnuntij. Inif N7
vfnceiof New Mexico tnd the C.
lilllo iftny fiirlher rrii.tsms n i iul,
oil from the inhihitanli 10 t, 1,....'
goTerninontt which bsto thu', from .
crsiily of tbn cam, and srrnr ine t i,,
of w.r, been establuhnl It mil
to piovidu for the ecotily uf Ihfuirapjtuit
conquoatt by making an adeiiu.m .pomp,
Hon for Ihe purpoia ol rrcrtins fitibraiM)
and dofiaying tho exponic nrrr.unii IK
do. it to tho mnintsninre of our Min.
noo auinornv ovrr llu'm
v .1... ". 1 . . r 1
li'-ni IOC I II IhC Ul )oor 111,1 Itnw
rnaailO' rummm.!.!..'! I., I..
1 . . I ...... r
cu ii iiiiiniiniii a' a m'n'ure 101 rru-
speedy pn.ee with Mexno. that .1 . ,1
nilllnik aliAulil li ....... ..1 .1 ..I ....I - ....
, w.. . i iii'i ini'i , him 1 irii 1
handi of the Kxecuttve.tiioiljr In llm-,
hid ben made upon former orra.kui
rinn Ihe a(liimiiMr.ill"M nl I'lendrntJi-i'fu
On the -JOtli of Febnur. IS0.1, n
piialion of two iiiillinna uf doll.ni w bo
and placed at the dlaiKia.it of the 1'iendn
lla object ia wall known. It w. .1 (w
lime in contemplation lo acquire Itmu
from France, and it wat iniended l W
hostilities with the I . orr iimcpeimenc.-, uiu cccrciary 01 oiaic existing ditiicultics between them, .carcelv """" u" our pan we my coiiliilenlly ap-1 plicil an a part ol lite conniileraiinn Wi
rds manifested from the exprc"cd the regret of Uus government thnt ft hope of adjusting our difficulties, even a't PBnl 10 lhe "hole woild, I ieiorcd 10 pot- j might be paid for Hint territory Onth.u
. a a X I ' 1 Ill J 1. IT .1 I . - . rtllll Il Willi tlln lllinnal i-m... A .)... i ( a,-., . .. I Jno . I. . i
note ol the .Mexican .'lexicn snmiui nave laieu oncnce ai uie 1 a remote da v. or ol preservine neaen with 1- .1 .iM.n. a mimi8- i i..iu.ij, muu airniiim min
t. Affairs to our minister, resolution of annexation passed by Qongrces ! Moxico. could bo cherished while Farcies , i. Z . .1 "S " '' '.'i 7" nPi'T,"!etl' wnl " ,le "
twelfth of Maiel.. 1H-IC. "d cavu assurance that our "meat strcntt- inai..nd at tbn !,-,! of ihn m,rW,,mti ! .. 7. . T .. . .,M" . u. u,,u" ' 1 'f"'
j tt.11 mi 1 iiitaiitij til sriL'r.i nil"
In view of all these ficts, it is difficult
toconeeive upon what ground it can be
maintained that, in occupying the country
writ of tha IS'ueecs. with our army, with n
new inlelv lo its security and defence, we
invaded the territory of "Mexico. IJut it
ronld have been itill mora diflicult tojutti
exactness, so notable an act of usurpation, ' That I have acted in tho spirit of this
created an imperious necessity that Mixico, assurance, will appear irom the events which
for her own honor, should repel it with prop- 'avu i-ince occurred. Notwithstanding Mox-
1 cr firmness and dignity. Tho Supreme j1'0 l'81' abruptly terminated all diplomatic
1 Government had beforehand dcelarcil that intercourse with tho United States and
il woulil l..ok upon mrh on nci m n cam ouirht. thrcfote, to have beoirthc lir.st to
belli; and, as a consequence of thin dcclar- '"f "8 icstmiption, yet, wr.iMiig all ccr
lie had acquired the supreme power by a porint points. The tepori from the Do
military revolution, and upon the most sol- psrimenit of War and the Navy will inform
emn pledge to wage war against the United y1'" more in detail of tho measures adopted
States, and lo reconquer Texas, wh ch ho , maimn our rouniry w
- ii u vil lliv HI'IIITII'K I'aUIIB V1CI
claimed as a revolted province of Mexico.
He had denounced as guilty of treason all
those Mexicans who considered Toxaano
have been arcomolised
The various columnt of ibe armv hsve per
formed their duty uodur great diadvaotagoi
Preparatory to this end, he had, during
fv tho Kxeouttvo, whose duty it u to co
mi" i.iiiiiuiij 1 " t anon, nccnliai on was. nv its verv nature iiouoy. 1 i-iiior.-n.eu uie earnest lavorame' llnniilo. ihnrn . ..n,l m -.n.
the faee of all these proo.-elings, both of at aI, um amj war a3 ,u )-', (l lr!lL. t,f opportunity "to ascertain fn in tie Mexican ! bchVvo, fn'm all his c mlm t, that it was his
the LVumM' of Texaa and of the United the Mexican government" " government whether thej' w. old reeiive an intention to emivcM the republic of Mevico
Mates, no nan as'umen 1110 re.qHir.Biuiiuy 01 It appears, also, that on the fouith of nvoy irom tlio I nUcilMates entrusted with into a monarchy and to call a forcitrn Eu-
yielding up tho territory west 01 me Nueces April follow nig, (iom ral Faredi s, throtigh 1"H power to adjust all thn qucsUns in dis-1 ropoan Princo to the Throne.
to icxico, or 01 reiusnig 10 prou-ci ami oe- his minister of war. issued ordeis to the pule between the two governments." In
fend this territory ami it' inliohitantu, 111- Mexican teiier.il in cnmmatid. on the Tex- September, 1. MS, I believed the propitious
as frontier to "attack" our arm) "by every 'moment for such nn overture had arrived,
means which war permits." Tu thin (!eii. Texas by the enthusiastic und almost
Paredcs had been pledged to the army and unanimous will of her people, had pronoun-
ttie people nf Mexico dunui.' tho iinhtnrv ceil 111 lavor ol annexation.
the. frco voice of the people, but to
manner to make them sub
longer constituting a part of the territory of, with the uiniuii diatiuguuhcd ktll and coiir
iMoxico, and who were Iricndly to the cause aR. "c victories 01 I'io Alio and Itesa
ofiicftce. Tho duration of the war which '1 dol I'nlma, and of Monterey, won a
hn waircil analuit the United State waa 6jtl Rrcttlv uprior numl.eia. and aeaintt
indofioitn lu.ratii tin. rn.1 wbinb b nrn. I m".M decided adTantnget in other retpecla
nosed, of the rcconqucit of Texas was hope
on tlio part of tho enemy, were
proprutions wore mule 10 l.iriliU'i! ntrxs
iloiit, and as a msHiu to enablo the I'm
dent to accomplUh the imporlant olrr'i 1
'I't I. I. .I..I I
in ' . iiiiiiiiii I. urn 11111 unLifiiin IICI'im
ini nit: 1 (csiucih 10 use uicac aiproprtiit(l
yet a alate of things might hive mint
which It would have beon highly imirirr
or 01m iu 00 ao, ana I lie w,i,im ul
i... . I . I .1 11 . . 1.
ftinu iiiviii uniiinii in iiiiiniinri 11 iu i.n,m
Hint the menuro recommended at root In
lesslon mut with tho approbation of decide
Mnjontics in both housua of l ongrrai l
Oec.ll. in (llllrrnnt Jiirn, bill mtktuj, f
protiriations ol two million of dntl n.
i.;ll: 1. I I. t . 1 t. . . .
urn tani in oacn iitiuau. aoo 11 ' riioeii in he recirt .1
well as. the rc
t ho threatened
eluding Corpus Christi. as
maindcr of Texas, agonist
Hut Mexico hut-elf has never placed the
war which she his waced ujwn tho ground
that our army occupied the intermediate
territory between the Nueces and the Hio
firamlc. Her refuted pretension that Tex
as was not in fact an independent Slate, but
3 robnlhous province, wa obstinately perse
vered tu; anil her avowed purpose 111 com
mencing a war with the Unitd Slates was
be people nf Mexico (lining tho mihtnry ceil 111 lavor 01 annexation. .Mexico heisclf his ultimate dee
evolution which had brought him into pow"- bad agreed to acknowledge the intcjiendcncc degree, convoke
r. On tho ISth of April, 1MI5, (icncral of Texas, subject to a condition, it is true, loctod by the. frt
'arcdei. addressed .1 letter to the command- which sho hud 110 right to iinpojc, and no j hu chosen in a 11
er on that frontier, in which he stated to jxiwer to enforce. The last lmgirinrj hnpo I servient to his will, and to give him absolut
still could ha retained , control over their deliberation.
him, "at the present date I suppose "U at "I" Mexico, if she
.1 I I A.I 1. ! . 4 1. .11. ... M i.
uie ncail ot that valiant army, cither light- any, inai xexas woum ever agau rwcoino
ing already, or preparing for the orieration 1 onB of her provinces, must have Wen aban
of a campaign:" and 'silliiKisiiiL' von alruadv dolled.
lo reconquer Texae, and to rctore Mexican , pr, the theatre of nitration, and 'with all the The Consul of the United States at the
authority over the -whole territory not to forcta asembled, it is indispensable that city of Mexico was, therefore, instructed by
the Ji'ueees only, but lo the Sabine. In view .hoslilitiL-s be commenced, vonrself takinc tlio Secretary of State on the lSttofSoot.
of the pnn-lainiel menaces of Mexico to tliin the initiative against the enemy." , l lf", to make the inquiry of thelMexicati J f the
f U LT . , 1 1 7 Z. r Tlle '""vement ofotiranny to the ltio gncnt. The inquiry was dp nd
of precaution and defence, v, order our ar- ( . , , . mfi:a,,j on the 15th of October, 1815, th.pdinUter
my to oocupy a Ft,n on ,wr front.rr a a cn Jj ' l)f Forcigh Affairs of the Mexican fcovern-
n..i.ry ri ,ron wiucu our xroop coum a.,.:ve Vl, , .,...,.. , incut, in a note addressed to ou- Consul.
their execution, and entitle our brave officer'
and aoldier lo the grateful ibank of their
cnoi.lrv The rut 0.1 deplorei toe lo" of the
brave olVn era anil men who have gillanily
fallen nlule vindic-attng and defending their
couniiy'a riiiliia and honor.
It ia a subjee of pride aod tatiaftction that
bis .In rt rule destroved tho libcrtv of tho ' 7" Pompi.
: , "V ,. . ., 1 'J reP"oueo 10 ineir country't call, with iho
press, tolerating that portion of it only which ' .xperienco of the di'ciplinc of a carnpofonly
ojienly advocated the establishment of mon- ! a few weeki, have borne their pari in the
andiv. Tho butter to securo the success of hard foucbt biltle of Monterei with a run-
m I. 1 . . . . . . ... .. 1 . . " " "
.iiexico iiciscll ins iiiiimnii. ilrmnn In. liaii hv nn nrlnlmrv 1 slsncv and coursce roual to l int nl vetrno niieiilton wat d im ... ii.- i,.
- - -'"i I J J , - o . I. - -. -: " inn iini'K' i --
ed a Ooniiress not to bo e- o;nu wnnny "I uie oignnii loiniraiion , pin aiteia migm oe liueo out in tha iioiu.
lie fiiitaiiiiii i llill Itwilill-S llliuull Ilia i wuiim aiiu unu Ikltu, IU JTey OpOll lOT I'
enemy counlrv.and llirousb the wilderness merre ol the Un led Stnlt-a . and I Imu
nave uren uornn wiuiout a murmurrlly rap- tMiriai aiteniion ol totnpinikli (ioverim
in moremrnts llie provinre ol rew niexleo,
with Santa Fe, in capital, have been rap
tured without bloodthed. The navy hit co
operated with the army, tnd rendered im
portant lervicc , if not to brilltint, n n be-
nciny bad no force lo meet them
. i ..... ..i . ...i i ., .. i .i.
peace as wen as prevent any at- 1 r .. '.. : . . . " ,-
. , j. . r .1 tr ii-m. nnii naiui ohu iiiioiuuavu in uie
tenq.tod huropean interference in tho affairs diflicuitipt ln le .vig.lionof iho Mexican
Under all these circumstances, it was be
lieved that any revolution in Mexico, fuun
di'd unon oniwiaition to thn ambition oro-
jects of Parcdes, would tend to promote thocsu"c ,,lle ,r
causa of peace as well as prevent any at- ' uV7i
111 it It did not becoini a l.w Thn rtiu.n
WOICO ini llreil IDA 111 tupnmmini lh mi.
uie at llMI tone till! cxUt , and I .hum u!
mil the tubjiii t lor your tumidritum.
KUgget thu iinpmt.ince of eri) icnnn upon
it. Should tlio appropriili'in I. mtl' ml
be not needod, it will romsin in Ui ue.tuii
ihould il be deemed proper to a pply It l
whole or In part, it will be accounted lor u
other public exf endituret.
lmirmdiatolv after (.'nnniru bid ifwi !
oil lllo exiilenre 11 llie u.n). Meiict, ai
10 tue lourirentli article ol our liraly
Mllllll ll.A ... .i.l I -l.t
- - j uv. 1 - 111, iiiciia 111 rntir'.'
iwii ..111. aiiBii ouaii IHNH LUIIIIlllt.llin. ,r t
ten llf niarOOli. Ill art a ntlaln,u mn
uie oioer, "anall lie puiiithrd as pirsln
It afl'urda me pleature to inform you I
It rtlld fitxl tv.I inv nl mini.1 irwt I Fv , ivrtuiiu I
A ttie two countries as peaceful, unless Mcxi- "" nine, l"'u uur "",'u lurtu "?sul e
IWaPhSi! V"?1J:'"""IJ "prewar, or commit acts of nr.wn n-m era n.x woiio aegoxu-
.. IrMpalililir iiHlieative of a state nf war: and ' stiouiu he liemung. I non inr receipt I
"r,,- r v- " """ lnmx thior-l-rshelaithfullvexmited. Whilst nolo, our naal force was Ifmpl'vl,
.,.. a ,:,e a..cc. .nvi, repas- . . . . . , , (if .,th,lrawn from V,ra Cruz. ,
lillttfintl-nt. Itiftl ltm railiflu ..( il l.al.'
riontl American conimoni ooui roal. Oursonadron in ihe i'aeifir. with a hi II be MtlifullT nb.ei.e.l ft
objects of deep interest to the United States. , ihe co-operation of a gallant officer of thedeit for thu pursue were lmmedulellH
Any such foreign inlcrfcrance, if attempted 1 army, ind a tmall force hatlily collected in milled from tlut government to thn iu'-i
must have been resisted by tho U. Btatc. bat diatant country, have acquired blood. J lies of Uubi and i'orto Itico is miii
My views upon that subicot were fully com- le" PiiiIori of Ibe Cilifornt-n, and the . ulmott vigilance in preventing sm ut
to Congress in my ast aiinnall , ' " '",,cu "j " " "u" 1 ,""" ''"'
n . J . .. . . OOllant DO nt in lliat 0101 nr. 1 lie llinieil Siaiea. V rum Ii 1i
message. Jn any event, it was certain that , co ,, 0U on ,.., . , r .,,ilfiad. lh. lkl,
nn ulinm whilnvar In Ihe ffrtl'umllllifll M i ... .. . . m I
... n,.v.v. ... 1 oat niut atiendtd our military and naval on-1 win oe executed in lit mint. .. w " 11
Mexico which would deprive 1 arcdes of eration. In lc. than i.itn mnniba afirr 1 letter : whiUi ihn llniiprf Si.ie. '
that boundary had Iwn pafeil by our army
many months before it advanced to the
eastern Vank of tho Rio Grande. Iu my
annual mesag!cif Deennber last Iinfiirtne.1
Congreai tliat upon tlio invhafion of both
squadron to the roa't of Mexico, and
incenlrato an efficient military force on the
wtrn frontier of Texaa, to protect nd
4etend the nhaLttanU agaimt tho jncnactvl
in vat ion of Mexico.
In that meaiaact I tufonned
lower could bo for the worse, so far a tho
tailed States were concerned, while it was
.'uiMiiii: n iii'Mumi on i'ie east naiiK ol t -.n. ...... . . . v. 1 ,. .
the ltio (irande. withi'i tbn tiniiu nf Te. I A minister was immediately anioinled.
then rec'iitly admitttil as one of the States 1 ,v"1 ,,;n,l.r,e t0 M0''"-". Kverythig bore
Hour t'mon. tlie comnunding cereral of a jnomisiiig aspect lor a pceiy am wac
the MexVan forces, who. in imrituiice of '!" 'Uu'"'nt of H mir difricultiis. At 1 when fioneress. on the 13lh of May last, re
in Decemlier last, no doubt was entltainel ' l,e!L
Mexico cummenrtd hotlillliet at
irrtrd by herself, we hivt taken
Lllll llldl UlSU I LIK1 ILAI1IIM III IUiIFI I' II II 1 1 . 1 . .1
(V,nm .ml fVumiim, t.... i " 'fpT rmy on uie opiKne snore oi ttie 1 , "'i-i , nB cult laiiieti been commenced br the government-
deemed it proper to order a ttrW .L " ', "ver. inraded m,r ;"1 Xr.f Tf I nJ became an object of mnch
w v:- r.
mi a-. M a
mai ine morattt he tnn of aunoxation
.r I l. ai r. s n. .
rv V"""1 .v-.n.i couiarv bv coniiuencine an ifr.,.,.ii
Thua, after all the iiriuriiui wh ieh u hmd
reeeivrd anil liorne from Moxieo, and after
she had insultingly rejected a minister sent
to her on a mitiim of eare, and whmu tlio
had solemnly tgrvcA to n-ceive, she consu-
matwl per long course of outrage against
inled, ' highly probable that Any change must be for. "f,lu"y of her onnii.l portt, driven baik lnf
; bore ' tho boiler ,nd Por,tlrJ invading nmv. tnd acquir I the
l..e.. I no J . .1 i , . r r . ed military pnsietiion of the filexican prov- Mexici
-wee. I 1 h was the state , of affairs existing; jnCfj ()f M(.xfo New Ufm r,llai ,,lk ,
a time te- lt, faithfully ptifnrm all the i
posieasi in , winch it impoaca upon tMini.
the orders of his government, had collected .t,lc : lIatc of "0" message to (jmgrcs cognixed tho existaneo of tbc wa? which had
-ii siiuj un mi- iiiHmuc anore oi me
Hio (rrande i-nmiuvl fbe mnr ln-ile.l mi
. ft terntorr. and eonmlttnl bnai! (leu l.- i ' can got eminent, anil tlic hone waa cltrubed i tiu . ... . i.. ...,.i.
e -V 1,1... .11 .! I ..., .- -..vn ... -.uj OUI..C-
m., -,.,-Ur. I,, iuimuouiiiuiogaeixreen merit of our difficulUcs and the restoration
tho I wo eountnea would U .lyjajyaored. U,r . hmmM, pc, tnja pea should
In the confident hope that such Joutt be ' l)ot retain imwcr in Mexico,
thw result of his mission, I infirimd Con-1 nr .!,,. ,, . ,
gn-ss that I forelK,re at that time toVe- th.1 1,8 he .wcrc of
omniendsuch ulterior measnni of rJnn " volution tn Mext.o favored, a. it was
ijuiiui pi i m , ip ihu ifiiriu mniui liar
hv 1 cxas, llie latter became so far a part
of our own country as to make it our dnty
to afford inch protection and defence j And
that for that purpose our squadrnn ld Inren
orderel to the Oulf, and our army to 'take
a poiitioo between the N'uccei ami the rl
Sort, or Rio Cirande, and To rrprl any
invanui of tkt Tria territory winch might
be atteapie4 y tl Mexican forces."
It wai deemed proper to iie ihn order
became toon after the Prrsi nl of Trxst,
in April. 1845, had inard bit procUma
tton convening the congrrrs of that repub
lic, for lh purpose of lubmilttn; tothit b-i
dr the Uimi of annexalioa propoied by the
United Rate, Se governinrot of Mrivto
in4c aerwuithrraui ol invidinj the Ten-
our ' r,,T ,iie wr"nPl a,lJ injuriea we bad so long 1 !"" ' " j
war mrT' " Milve been pro,, to make I $ U) f
"I , n-. . V " ' v- " "
i my surjinse ar.il regret, toe Jlcxican
and sheibfing th.- MoimI of our (itixeim
our own soil.
ti. ti. .;. . i o. . . .. . . ' COVenillieilt. thoueh eolemnlv nledivl in ,1,.
1 00 i nuea riaies never aticmptcil to ... .i ' s . V .' . l....: i 11...1 r it
... Mi muni uie 4rnt-ni ni tnr .,,..... ,M , I . iiiiitut: tnin i:aik.-iilii iruin imnrir nmi inn.
1 - uiiv. m .ijci- ... , , 1 1 -,;-
100. rrfujtJ to receive and accredit him ,s,"'1 'r",u wintry by a revolution which
i'x.i 1 . ' I .. 1 i n 1 " , c 1 1 1 ...
especially by those who were oppos
reign inierfcrence and to the monar
chical form of government.
Santa Anna was then in cxilo in Havana
acquire Texas by ounquent Oil the con-
... .--1: . t. .1 1 .'"". 'iu?i 10 receive and a.
II II I Ml -II fnriV ll.rll.1 fill.ir III.4 liiWlll A . . - ....... , . .
t' 1- . 7-L , .7 . . , 1 1 When ho reached Vera Cror on th. ib.v. occurred in December. 1&44 : but it
SUteiu At a general eleeli m in S-ptemUr. .Lx 'Z "-,
tr in hi favor in Mr tiro It vnln mint.
general elceli in in b-'Ptemlirr. ,L nn r " """JT7 1" ...11 1 .1.. -. . ' . .
1KM. they deeidwl with creat unaniu.it v in 1. , J ,M' C-vcniment ot Ucr.erxl . 'J vignaoee w licit eoulU
favor of annexation and in NurKiilmr ' ' 1 Uiat tunc 1 rvkiden: of the "rriemnr our aqua.iron woubi. in all
t -t uni-iiiig 10 nn 1 a 11. Ueneral "- iNntmcH uiui iruin cue i-
a xanumg soincwiiere on the extunsive
coaat of Meiiro, if he desired to return
... " .-t? ti i 1
Thi. government, however !,,.,, r.w ' , ",Tra " u,.,1,,ar)' wfution; rT"rj' opvMjr prolcssed an
taaiiwl nernral l.ir t.. anu ",K Vl " 1'nnriiial iiun wbeh hi. emir-cnaogw 01 policy; bad expressed hi,
- s 1 tei m1 aill'lini ' ... 1 I a - rr 1 - ' . r il.. ' 1 1 1
,1 1 -, vmin'Mi'i m uirvi jut nuriKarHL aDQ rriular icti" wwi uv nu iUUTCnCU
i.-mt anil oonftKi. tLmr,,i. nf ' 1 ....... . .ricl .! r. -.r iS 1 V'i
" " iinivn tii us w I hg - --- - '
ionowinA;h;v::g7;;.onhVreI;u msrs C:
thoruMtbe .p-iutxuent or a minister to ,T 12l',er bad "'"'Mfd , wfi
lr .Wr ,w,uPit to thi. pivernment. H'ri "'I- ?Xtn' &
Thi. government, however, hawng r. T, 1
dilriur tU war bciuran
eriuc it doe to die honor of mir country
nor fan fame amoag the
. ,..i ... .1 .i . i
i - -- f ... -.i ii hi i i in urn it Ik- ....... , .. . . . ni, .. , i-'i,t i. a. ii-
..-w.n. f tlP-.Vt l , a,wy ami jieoplo of Mexico, wa by loudly 1,1 fV4 w ,u "-atoration. lie
; T 1-.I- ii ! C"'inni"g its iK-terinination to rettfra i publicly declared bis hostility, in tha
I nrmjt inrnuB iaaaBma mm.
. .. mipgiip tt,l .tu-.U .... .. .1 : . .
u Mumiman iisiins. m h imh.iu. r "s hu. vo rum nn . ..t r . . .. . . ... .t.
:. .. ' ."l"- r: ..,. ni.,,i; .:i '...... . iiut ui nnr iniu llie United ntats-a "u"Kr wraia, io m eaianiltnment 01 a
lk qtjaetion, that the peapUcTcxii would
dreiJc in Javor ol aewfajoj the leimi of
annrialMQ ; and finally, tbry bad a.iumrW
uk a a farmiJable character ,aa ittdjcrdboth
the Cojrttt aod ll ConvsoUMi of Ttxai
t fnt hi' I m ' 'f J
WAiJfr.tW.tb whole world that the rein! !1nP 't it w the inU ntion of llerrrra' njhy,,A to Kurope.n interference in
qu,- of Tex,, by Mexico was i,n,sih,e, 2 W " f- . "IZZ ll 2 ,
rluet tn amxie to the orennre. .-..I.. I., . -"v " ."", nv codmsr , . "-v V TV '
... ...... v. i , . w . - a i. . .1 . n. - 1 1 1 in uuirrf i r- 1 1 r.i I ft hj. .in.
rin ik- 1-i.L.i- -i iu.. s uuniiiiiinii oi lexat. . . r.
rr Vf .Te
April. 14. andj
Tin- government of Ilcrn-ra
-a fi ,4.
da'e of the recognition of llie exutence u
Hit war bv ("ongreie, and wn aftrrwtrdt
, f 'T(l! !' f ,
niKllon -b-i bfrii if rtr.t f tea
Uepaitmenl of State i'1
Mexican eoveiment bat ni 10 IU"
onmuttloni to tin va leera, ir '
ruluinllation paper, iiieil Ul Ororii h
In, the pietent bead of the Meii-o f
ernrnent. There 11 remnn, 1
ntl Hill .imil. , I, ....ii... i, 1 tit.t
Uintmitled lo Olher oarlt (1 C
I arniulipat tnd Ihe California', a territory
larger in extent ihin that embraced in then
rigtnal thirteen Stales of Ihn Union, inhabit
ed by a considerable population, and much
offl more than a thousand miles from Ibe
. ii. .1.11. n . ,.1
poinit 11 wnicn we nio in coneci our lorret vop.e ni mete paptrt
and commence uui movemenu. uy ihe 1 nerewiin tranaiated.
blockade, the import and export trade of iho i A the pn-llmliurlrs requiir'J ''t'
enemy hat been cut 01T ell may the A-1 lice of civilized natimii lor con'M'
mrriran rw-ntile K. nrnuil tiftlie enerev .ml oriratpnra .ml mnilaiinn ihe r rir'
gallantry of our regular ind volunteer offi- J par not to have been ob.erird
reri ard aoldlcri. Tho event of these few , Cornmistiont are in blink, l"
monlba allord a n ralifiinT rirnof tbil our With Ibe oaioet of rilizr'ii irt1 I
country fan, under any entorgeory, rniifi--' all natloot who mty be wil 1 l
demly rely fur the maintenance of tier honor, j tbrm, ibe whole pioreedinR. r,q, "
mwA 1 1 - . t n T.. . . . .. . ... ....I.!. Mn I r 1 . .. . ' . A i . 1 1 1 1 . . . In.ii.li.m In I I ' 1
nim Mill utirilk. II) CI IIJJIIII, III) .11 CHOI lra j II'II.H MUM " II1,.HIIV.II - .
force, reidy at all timet volunianlr lo relin-1 hooter upon (lit earth, who "
quiTi the eomfoiu of home for the perils ind I pay for llie privilege, to riuu 't1
priviliont of the camp And though audi , aierii an ( nmmerce It will b
a force mty be for lha lima expensive, It it l of jualice lu decide wbal.ier, und
in the end economical, at Ihe ability lo ronv I cumitinrei, these Mexican ltl'" (l
aoand ll limiilii ihM I.erLttilv n ( .mnlAvlmi I aiid fenrl.al .IibII nrilel-l ihotS t-
a lree etandine army in timet of peace, and ' Ihem. and couunil robbeiei u,'c
prove lliat our peoplj love their inalim'ioni I seat undei their authority, fr-o
and are ever ready lo defend tnd piotect j and penalties of piracy. p,
iliem. If ihe cerllficalei of r.iicu
WhiUl ibe wai wai In a couite of vigor- ' uranlad be intanded by Mmc "
out and uetttiful prottcutlon, being mil Hpanith tubjeru from lb (!"' ' ,ai
inxiout 10 arrrtl itt rviit, and coiitiderlog ment of piratet, under our ue'y "
that, tfier the brilliant victone of uur ilmt ibey will rtiliiidv proie u"'" f
on the rlglilh tnd ninth of Miy latt, the' ,na- ; Huch a aubltifui v. u 1 "o ' "t
lional bonnr coo'd not he ci.mpromit'rt bit, Vl-e lo dafeal llie prnviiinl" ' '
v .' w. wit in. .io io Me. , 'i,T irealy,
my direction, on lb 7iti day of July lot, io i lecommed that Congreu bou. -'
termlnale hoeil' itby a poiee juu and bon- alely provide by law fir ibe iruj '""
orable in both countilei. On Ihe 3ltt of ithmeiu it piltlei of Span ,UJ' "i,
Ausuit following, the Mexican government etcapinj the vlglltnce of ibeif I0'' -,
declined lo irrejH ihn Iriandly oerture. but .bill be found prlraleerin? if
referred it to the declnon wf a tteiicaii Con- ted Slatei. I do not PP'r""Lf ri"
great, lo bn iijtmbled In ihe tuly part of danger agtinit theie pnnl' .t
the prrtent month. 1 communicate lo you, I will be eonttinlly on lb ,J r t
cupy oi a icuer oi uu aecretair ol Mum euouneice. Jie.iott, in r
;ptopoing io re-open negoliationt. of the be made of American
1,'isr l e Mfl 'le (, t.i n.,r nn f.g few hf f ' '