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THE RUTLAND HERALD.
VOLUME 56. i THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 13, 1850. NUMBER 22. THE HERALD ' JJ l-wwft ,Thc" ! n-aUMtn Evrwv v evkmno at 600 Pt" published in Great Brit itim.ANb, vr. . in, unci not ten of these are daily. 0 fl BEAMAN.Kdilor & Publisher. , C.EJ. A. TUTTLE. Printer, TKRMK I'KIl YKAH. T-VIHif Wrltf m kn fU In 4rair, 2,00 Alt trtlumrct itiHenilj !etrtf Jf&r St r4r (16 HmI f.ir Ifctr. wrk; 23 crnti t4 let ftiiit.ff nt ( , TAXES ON KNOWLEDGE IN I GREAT BRITAIN, r.v 4. 11. .vmi:. One of the most refined expedients or tyranny is the maintenance of ig norance; and ono of the most effica ctoua agents of slavery is the screw upon the prcti. This screw acta with a irtinacious, suppressive gravity upon the press of great Britain, re tarding the progress of the mind and the interchange of free thoughl,ainong the very class that the aristocratic faction brands with ignorance when they demand the right of enfranchise ment. In the year 18(8 there was a duty of about forty thousand dollars levied upon foreign books not books of British authors that had been sur reptitiously published abroad and sought admission here for a market, but chiefly French, German and oth er European productions that came to supply our authors for literary pur poses, and our libraries for the use of the poor students. On paper alone, in 1B40, a duty of nenrly four mill ions of dollars was paid. For adver tisements nearly 0110 million of duty, and for newspaper stamps about two millions. The duty upon foreign books is vexatious and oppressive in eo far as it tends to circumscribe the operations of authors, who arc the medium through which our neighbors' minds arc revealed to us; but its ef fects arc not so generally vicious and absurd as those of the paper and ad vertisement duties. It you wish to start a public journal in Great Britain you are taxed for telling the people your intention of doing so at the rate of ona shilling and sixpence sterling for each advertisement over and above the publisher's charge; then they pay a tax of three half pence per pound on the paper, and one penny of stamp duty upon each paper published. A newspaper circulating 10,000 co pics daily, pavs the Government for paper duty alone, about $20,000. W. & R, Chambers, in a remon strance to the Government, state that the cost of their series of Tracts was 25,766 sterling of which sum, JC 5,4111 were for paper duty, being nearly four times as much as was paid for authorship, and nearly halt as much as the cost of printing. These fublishcrs solemnly declare that the lOvcrntnent by their imjwst, derive more profit from tln3 one enterprise of educating the people, than they did who had all the labor and risk. The triple tax upon newspapers, which so circumscribes their circula tion, is enforced by heavy penalties; and the Government-assumes to dic tate what a newspaper is. Any pub lication sold at less than sixpeuce occupying less than two large sheets published at intervals not exceeding twenty-one days and containing an account of public events, or comment thereon is declared to be a newspa per, and taxed accordingly . Any person possessing one number of an unstamped newspaper is liable to a penalty of twenty pounds sterling,and for distributing copies of the same, to a penalty, of fifty pounds Sterling. A urintcr hnv'mtf a conv. forfeits all his presses and type-cases to the pa- tenia! law: and ins premises can be broken open; upon tho suspicion of his having such a pajicr. The stamp duty upon a paper at fourpence half- E;nny, the general price in Great ritain, is upwards of twenty per cent;-a very pretty profit truly. The advertisement duty is a most dispro portionate and indiscriminate one also; for the poor girl who, in five lines ourowu, asks leave to toil, pays as mncVi in thn ranarinin treasury as does the quack for his half column u w It iano "wonder that the press of tcenth, seventnth and eighteenth cen ni. nnnmllv treats uncn-1 turiea have no living descendants at tins X4lrr " franchise with scorn. That press is almost under the control of the moneyed class. A large capital roust at the very outset of a newspaper s career, be sunk to meet the impcri tire demand of tho 'king's tax gath erer at the door;' and cautioners must bo found ready to pay down the fines thai the law may see fit to exact for case of libel. It is no wonder that the "Times" cheers on Haynau, and defames Kossuth and Maxzini. I t is an instruroeut of a few capitalists whose wealth depends upon tho sta bility of the brutal despotism to whom they have lent it to suppress liberty. No mop nan. bo he a Thomas Car- lyle or William llowitt, can publish on iitdeMndcnl tmner here, uur no blest hearts aud brightest minds may rrit, but tho rich determine what In the United States wo believe there ' are 200 rkilv turners. 1400 weekly. 1 and 180 At other intervals. In Paris , there are about twenty or thirty daily , paper. j The working-men of London hare Conned from their body a Newspaper-1 Ump abolition Committee; and the friends of nonular instruction arc ex- PsinK ! Vstom of restriction a ml I nKttl-ilftl rtti tiWlnlinArl 11 linn lm mnn I tal growth of this people by those tax es uon knowledge taxes winch were chiefly imposed in the reign of Queen Anne, to raise means for tho war of the Spanish succession. We fight with ignorance in this land with or.c arm bound by law, and ignorance looks for knowledge with one eye put out by tho same paternal agency. Cirittian Citizen. M 1 1 TON SI I A KS PEA RE POPE. Nkitiikr of these great poct3 has tiny living representative. .Shakspcare ' was llm first mnn of letters, Pope tho I eeoiid, ami Sir Walter Scott the third, ' who, in Ureal liritian, ever realized u I large fortune by literature or in Chris tendoni, if we except Voltaire, and two dubious eases in Italy. Milton was thrice mnrricd, nnd left three daughters, nil by his first wife (Alary Powell, i Anne, the eldest, mnr ried a master builder, and died soon af terwanls; Mary, the second, died in a single slate ; and Deborah, tho young est, married Abraham Clarke, n weav er in SpitalfieM, by whom she had sev en sons and three daughters. The dis tress into which she fell in consequence of this imprudent marriage, experienced Mime kite and partial relief from the liberality of Addison, nnd the less splen did munificence of Queen Caroline. Of her ten children two only left off spring ; Caleb, who, marrying in the East Indie, had two sons, whose his tory cannot now be traced ; and Eliza beth, who married Thomas Foster, a weaver, by whom she had three sons and four daughters, who all died young nnd without issue. In old age and in penury, Mrs. Fo-ter was dicovered in a small chandler's shop, nnd brought in to public notice by Dr. Birch and Dr. Newton. Attention being thus awak ened to the grand-daughter of Milton, Cotntu was performed for her benefit in 1750; and .lohnson, associated ns he then was in the labors of the infamous Lauder, did not dentate to supply tho occasional prologue. The profits of the 1 j 1 1 1 1 were onlv K!0 sterling : vet this 1 win the greatest benefaction that the I'uratlise htil ever procure I the autli 1 or's descendants. Mrs. FoMer died on i the 9ili of May, 17.ri 1, and with her ex- piren the In-t ileecendant of the immor tal jKiet. Milton realized fifteen pounds only for the copyright and extra sale of Paradise Lost. Shnkspeare married Anne Hathaway in L182, in his nineteenth year. He had two daughters. Susanna married, on the olh June, 1C07, Dr. .John Hall, a physician in Stratford. The doctor died in November, 1(535, aged CO his wife died at the nge of sixty-six, on .Tuly 11th, 1040. They had one child, n dnughfer named Elizabeth.born in 1C08, married, April 22, lG2G, to Thomas Nashe, Esq. ; left a widow in 1 047, and subsequently re married to Sir John Barnard ; but this Lady Uarnard, tho sole grand-daughter of the poet, had no children by either marriage. The se cond daughter, Judith, in February, 1 010, (about ten weeks before her fath er's death.) married Thomas Quincy, of Stratford, by whom she had three sons, Shnkpeiiro, Richard and Thomas. juaitl was nliout thirty-one years old nt the time of her marriage; and living just forty-six years afterwards, she died ' in February. lCft'i.nt the ase of scven- ly-sayen. 'Her three sons died without ISSUU , 1IU1I lllll?, Ill lliu uiiLvi ,mi.i, u.' scent, it is certain thnt no representa tive has survived of this transcendnnt poet, the most august amongst created intellect Pope was born on the 21st of May, 1C88, and died on the IJOih of May, 174j. in the fifty-seventh year of his ace. "so quietly Uiat his attendant could not distinguish 'be exact moment of his dissolution." He was at all times feeble in bodily health, and his death was hastened by dropsy in tlie ciicfi Pope was never married. Thus the threctirreat twets of the six period, The four or five latter years of Slink- speare's life, he passed iu dignified case, in proiounu nieuuuuoo, nuu in uonci sal respect, at his native town of Strat ford. Pope obtained, from the sale of the Iliad. J310, and from the Odyuey jt?3,C85. He enjoyed for many years the retreat of Twickenham, w here many of his later productions were written. Anecdote of Dajciki. Wr-nsTr-B. At one time Daniel Webster had a dif ficult case to plead, and a venlict ren dered against his client. One of the witness came to him and suid u Mr. Webster, if I bad thought we should Imve lost the cnio. 1 might liave tes tified a great dcol more tlian Idid." " It is of no 'consequence," replied the lawyer, "the jury did not believe a word you iaid." CURIOUS MARRIAGES. A curious legfnd iiTelated to EgU vnrd, a secretary of Charlemagne, and n dn lighter of the emperor. Ihc ec- I. .1 ..!.. !.. I .!.!. .1.-1 prince?, who at length allowed his ad Tnnces. Ono winter's night his visit was prolonged to a late hour, nnd in the inenntimc a deep body of snow hud fall en. If he left hi foot marks would be tray him, and et to remain longer would expose him no less to dungcr. At length the princess resolved to carry him on her back to a neighboring house, which she did. It hrppened, however, that from the window of his chamber the emperor witnesfed this novel pro cieding ; and in the aembly of the lords on the following day, when daugh ter nnd Eg! van! were present, he nsked what ought to be done to a man wh should c mpel n king's daughter to car ry him on her shoulders through frost and snow, on a winter's night ? They answer that ho was worthy of death. The lorers became alarmed, but the emperor, nddie.sj.ing Egivard, said, "lladstthou loved my daughter, thou houhUt have come to tue ; thou nre worthy of death but I give thee two lives j take thy fair porter in marriage, fear God, and love one another." This wns worthy of one of the greatest prin ces, nnd also worthy the imitation of many a pune-proud nri.Urocrat of later times. Ralzac, the French novelet, exhibits another example of ecentricity in matri monial affairs. Accordiiitr to a Pnrisnit corrcsiMiiident. the nrrivnl of thU rdf. I bratrd author from CJermany caused an immense sensation in certain circles, owing to the romantic circumstances connected with his marriage. It np peares that some fifteen yearn ago, when Ilalziic wus nt the zenith of his fame, he was traveling in Switzerland, and had arrived at the inn just at the very mo ment the prince and princess ilanski were, leaving it. ISalzae was ushered into the room they had jtist vacated, nnd was leaning upon the window to ob serve their departure, when his atten tion was arrested by a soft voice nt his elbow, aking for n book which had been left behind upon the window sent. The lady was certainly fair, but appear ed doubly so in the eyes of the poor author, who " intimated thnt the book she was in quest of was a pocket edit. ion ot Ins own works, adding that she never travelled without it. nnd thnt without it she could not exist!" She drew the volume from beneath his el bow, and flew down stairs obedient to tho screaming summons of her hus band, n pussy old gentleman who whs already seated in the carriage, railing in a loud voice against dilatory habits of women in general, and his own spouse in particular ; nnd the begilt and emblazoned vehicle drove off, leav ing the novelist in n state of self com placency tko nioit enviable to be con ceived. This was the only occasion up on which Ualznc and the l'nnccss llnniski had met, till his recent visit to Germany, when he presented himself as her accepted husband. During these long intervening fifteen years, however, n literary correspon dence was steadily kept up between the parties, till n letter containing lite rary strictures upon his writings, a mis sive of another kind having a still more direct personal tendency, reached him from the fair hand of the princess. It contained tho announcement of the de- miso of her husband, tho prince -that he had bequeathed to her his domain?, and his grent wealth, -and consequent- ly that she felt bound to requite him in some measure mr ins uueraiiiy, aim 1 1. -ui ucieriniucu upon giving a suc cessor in the person ol liulzac. It is needless to sny the delighted author wailed not a second summons ; they were forthwith united in wedlock, a t her Chatlcnu on the Rhine, nnd a suc cession of splendid fetes celebrated the auspicious event. The story of the marriage of Lnmar tinu is'also one of romantic interest. The lady whose maiden name was Birch, was possessed of considerable property, nnd when past the bloom of youth she became pitsmonately enamor-. t,ic ucjd. Then apply with a soft brush ed of the jioct, from the perusal of his tbc following mixture; one ounci of Meditations;' for some lime she nursed dragon's blood, dissolved in about a this sentiment in secret, and being np- pint' of spirits of wine, nnd with the ad prised of tho embarrassed state of his dilion of a third of an tmnce of carbon affairs, sho wrote him tendering the nteofsodamixf.il and filtered. When bulk of her fortune. J oueheil with this rcmaiKHOie prooi m ucr peneromiy nnd supoing it could be only caused by a preference for himself, lie at once inado an offer of his baud and heart. He judged rightly nnd the jei wus promptly accepted. Holdcn's Mag. Ducu.khlv oxe or 'km. William ....... D. Mains one of the jail birds who re - cently escaped from eustody in this city, has written a letter, dated Lowell. Mass., to Mr. Wellington, tho jailor in which be excuse his sudden leave tak- in; He says that he had for some time , dissatisfied with his manner uf liv-; been dissati intr: he had been in Mr. Wellingtons family a long time, and had never been ...... . 1 .:. ... 1.:. . ..i.i. . .I.j ..,.1 il.tiil- 111 VllCU IU ail Ul 1113 MIUIC , wwia wi ,m... he shall return until autumn ; and as it is now getting along towards warm weather and the cholera may be here 1 soon. He wishes Mr. W. to send him ' his boots which " iu the hurry and con- I fusion of the moment" he forgot to take . . . . .. , 1 with bun, tinatiy ne enjoineu ujkjii jh, W. not to blab the letter about tow n, but to keep dark adding "for you know yuu arc one of us." litnyor Mercury, TIIE ANIMAL WORLD. Few persons are aware of tho ox- icni 01 iac auimai wotkj. jluc nine beings, which the nnaided human can see, and hich require the most power ful magnifying gbt.W to render thrm visible, are incalculably numerous, nnd thty were found to exist in places, where, till recently it was umocd next to impossible anything could rtmnin a live. Dr. Uowilitcli of It-riton hns dijeov cred that thcic infinitetinnl creatures infest Hie teeth of men nnd women, cauMng their removal and destruction He has made microscopical observation of matter deposited 011 the teeth nnd gums of more than forty persons, from all elaises of society, h all states of health, aud in nearjy every ense, pnra sites in great nii'mtur have been dis covered. Keglet of cleanliness he mys is tho eniiu of the prentice of these parti;ilej, or Uetli deMroycrs. The only persons whose mouths were found entirely free from them, demised their teeth four times a day, uing 6onp once. All the common agents or detergents, tooth powders and tooth wahes avail not to their destruct'on. They live aud thrive in the midst of tobacco smoke and tobacco juice. But the application of pure white soap destroys them in stantly. AVlint will the Hindoos sny to this discovery ? The religion of some of them, forbids them to ent nnyibiug that has, or hashad life. 'When the fact of living creatures residing about the human teeth, Is known in the East Indies, we may believe that pure white soap will be in grent demand there, and it is not improbable that the demand for it will be increased at home. Bloody spots on bread hnve occasion ally been discovered, and the incredu lous have attributed them to miracle. But they have been ascertained to he animalcules. They appear as corpus cule, almost round, and from one eight thousandth to one three thousandth of a line in length, transparent when sep arately examined, hut in mass, they ap pear red like blood. It bus been cal culated that the space of a cubic inch would hold from forty-six billions to eight hundred nnd eighty-fuur billions of them that is from fifty to a thou sand times more than the whole limn- her of human beings on the face of the 'n...: i i:iii..... . earth, llieir extreme littleness mny make them seem very insignificant be ings, but wo can easily see from their incalculable numbers, the animalcules which nre almost everywhere found, must be important agents in the hands of infinite w'sdom. New Hampshire Sentinel. THE SECRET OF PROSPERITY. In the mirror wo met with the fol lowing sentiment, which we very cor dially endorse: "Let our working classes assure themselves that, after all it is little or nothing that government or society can do for them, compared witli what they can do for . I. .!... by their own induslrv. forethought and . manlv self rontrol" This U tr.nl, in nutshell the true answer to the theo ries and speculations and social move- mi'Tlta IV if It ia' I i vim tirnrtiit firm la -:r.. -ri,,, ,.f ..... I erntive depends unon his own charac ui mm itaui nun. ;im mi vjt noruoicr. nil i -. n i i proved. Many of our most opivilcnt ' i ... . . 1 . . I , merchants are living testimonies to tins t truth. The man who gives himself to his vocation who to employ sacred phraseology has a 4,6liijr1e eye" and can not i,e diverted from his purpose of per sonal advancement by the thousand and one schemes which tempt him to rely 1 un0n others for promotion or success jiC ,t Wio summons every difficulty and triumphs over all onnnsition. A reputation for personal industry ami steadiness of puipose, for independence aud self reliance, is worth more than antliing else in this practical business loving world. X. Y Commercial Ad vertiser. Anv wond of a cloe grain mny be made perfectly to imitate mahogany, by the following French process-: Let , the surface be planed perfectly smooth ; and then rubbed with n solution of ui- the polish diminishes iu brilliancy, it I... rni.i.o.l I... i:i.i i.i .i ... linseed oil. Dragon's blood, as most of iii.i, J-y 11.011111.11 tij iiiiiu wuiil tlliinil nor remler tfnnw ic r r...in r.lkOiiii.wl iv ( incision from certain tropical plants, nnd is Eold by the druggists, to the vnr uinhcrs nnd marble staincr. The rne- thud is extensively aJopted in France, mill tlllirlil li,l Ul.ll niOifiti..! in llm I in. 7 - , - ; ",, . "" " v'" Tnc Lauihs. Mrs. Francis I). Gnge, iu a letter to the Ohio State dour mil, comuienls iifKm the ptculinrly cool' mode in which American Ladies receive a favor fiom gentlemen. She says : i "'I I'wo years ago I made a jouniey to New Kngland, accompanied by my hufcband, nnd also by my father-in-law', an old man of fourscore years. I have often 6een that pood old man offer his seat to some hale woman oflialf or lets than half his age, and teen her and teen her accent it as if it were a richt, without even a nassiii" notice of his Cray hairs, or the weight of years that entitled him to her kiiidiiCU and attention. Once, nnd on- !v once, n lady of ,uccnly gnuc nnd 'day of April, 1775, and was then bojiuiy, siirang from her seat ns ween- nineteen vean and and eleven davs tcml, and w.ih nvo.ee that watery joU. Mv" irotlPr Nathaniel, who musical Mini father lake tl.U n I ,,,, ., ,(, , chair. Hi.w my heart pmng to meet i , ... . ', 5 . 1 her in her angel goodi.ci ! Such has , r hlom 1,0 '"wanls married, was ever been our idea of a Imly-U y- st ,',0,',0"sc wl,rro ,l,c staying nonymous with a true woman. - "Car V'c ll,,u hvXevn ,,cx" 3 " ml 1 Lincoln, Hint received the alarm there Maxims .,11.811.7,. .M.mr,.r.Tox.- froin 1)r, t?amu.1 J'cott, and came Persevere against discoi.rngen.ent, keep over an.l gave it to inc. My father vour temper, employ lcuuro in tudv And v four bmt tcrs, Jacob, Nath and always have some work on hand amcl, Jamrs and fcamncl, and my be punctual nnd methodical in business bruthcr-iti liiw, Daniel llosmcr, were aud never procrastinate never be in a ' in arms at the North Ilridge. After huiry preserve self possession nnd not be talked into conviction 1 rie early ..1 . and be nu economist of time ; maintain dignity without the appearance of pride -manner in. something with every bo dy nnd overything with some be guar ded in discourse, attentive and slow to speak never acquiesce in immoral or 1 111. rum. i.iiid .inuii.iiiK 1 1. iwif f.if.t.nwl fn I lui..i. rrmm.. In llni.n u lin In.r.i ' right to ask -think nothing in conduct j unimportant and indifferent rather set than follow example practice strict temperance, and in all your transactions remember the final account. Bi:xi:i-its ok R.wi.uo.vds. An evi dence, of the value of Railroads in fa cilitating thu transit of commerce be tween the great markets aud the inte rior, is given by Mr. Northrop, a well known diover from Vermont. He left the station of the Rutland Railroad at Burlington with a drove of cattle, reach ed Cambridge, sold his cattle, pocketed the cash, and was again at his starting o'clock. P. M. haviny; been absent f.om home :J I hours, and traveled about four y were the only men who una hundred and sixty miles. Under the old bayonet, nnd it was not curtain wheth 'regime' it took about nine or ten days er the British would fire, or whether to reach Boston with a drove of cuttle, 1 they would charge bayonets without ' nnd besides the expenses of driving and firing. I do not remember which of feeding, the eatlle depreciated in value 1 then.' riaul it, but both agreed to it 1 about ten ner cent, in their nominal , ,,,w'(it..ni 1 Invw' ntm.iiiiv nf mm. ' value, ami they were rem ere. aiuin.u liltd, I..I. c ,11m iln. 'I t. ft .nll-....il lifll.rva I ....I.. .-I..UI... I. them down in a day, fat and wholesome ns when they leave, too pasture or the stall. Boston Mail. SiiAKr.n Stokv. We had a glimpse a i day or two since, of a Shaker Bible ', -V . r. . . , ... i i .. ., IkhiI: not often allowed to lie seen hv "tho j world's pciple.' It is entitled 'A Holy. Sacred, and Divine Roll from the Lord of Heaven to the inhabitants ot the eaith, revealed in the Society nt New Lebanon, County cf Columbia, State of New York, United States of America.' This edition was published seven yeats since nt the Shaker establishment nt Canterbury, N. II. and the publishers stiy that as they have no regular printer anion"; them, 'the i mechanical execution may not lie perfect in all its ptuK' We imagine, however, that some iirinterhud a hand in it, from its neatness nnd accuracy unless indeed it wai printed by inspiration, i tends to be a Revelation and It nre-1 the testi-1 is uiven. I "" "l' elevci. niightya..gels is given I Mho attended the writing ot the mil. the mil. i One of the angels is named ton-sole-teae- j Jiih-n.on-shue, and another Pre-line fi-1 naii-vas-teii-va-ren-ve-ne. Accenting to i the imcelie injunction the book must be p.u.ted and hound by the hh;i CI" IIKIII-IK . . . .1 .... selves, in ii eve ii us s.it iconcss uuin n- .... l""'"""1 nl'llltllltr i-im by profane hands. The ' " 1! 1 wus done at Ciiuteiburv, but it ' " r was lounn so lar necesNiry io iievuiiu iiuiii . lliu im mi: ciiiiiiii.uiu .1. ft iv .uihihii .1...; .............i i.. .... i.. i i.twuiH i i. to have the volume bound there bein'rjnil. no bookbinders at the establishment. ltl is bound in yellow according to the r- der fioin on high. The book appears to I contain y.n.e passaged f.om heripture, a - te.vd, tuiietided enlarge, or curtailed, -' . . .1 " i ..i i.. i i i : i ., orli51"'" . V . . k.'. . ...y '. ... ,.f K rts ini'V in i: i loo: oiv iirunii.ti. iu I'm iiiv 1a;c. It is a very curious volume, even more remarkable, though of less pretend ed untiipiity, limn the Mormon Bible. A copy is ordered to be sfnt to every King or Potentate in Christendom and one sent to tho fjovernoi of Canada, some time b'uiee, was leturned or refused. Lowell Courier. pccuilill limii'lis oi iim- ni iiin-.T vi ..imiv 1 ' . LAST SURVIVOR OF THE CON CORD FIGHT. j The Bunker Hill Aurora of Satur day publishes the following affidavit, taken before Judge Hoar, on the 2-d ult., who states that Mr Baker "known ' as a man of iiood character, ami in .... . .... . . ' In iiosscasinn ot Inn mind nnil memo. 1 - ry , I IIUUC IIIU DUllUIOClIt IU 1113 UIU3- ' ' " ..i .1.. . :.. 1.!. ence. aim uuvii.ii nuu 1110 saino rc- duccd to writing! sulncribcd it, and made oath to it at the time. It would be well if such statements, touching important events, were oftcner taken from tho lip3 of our departing revolu tionary heroes 'lite Affidavit of Amos Baker, of Lincoln, given April 22, j he being the solo survivor of the men who woro present at tho North Bridge, at Concord, on the 1'Jth of April, 177., and the only man living who bore arm that day. He was present at the celebration .a1 I A l I t f 11 Ifllt years at. ays. Many uii-iepresmttlioiis and eonflii-t- I, Atno4 l aker, of Lincoln, in the . J;m,uJ , einulation. nU county of Middlesex, and Common-. tj . U) t,w Tr, ail(, i.'riHli nt atir.riiidi.tl j .ri Autli lli I .. i i ... i . I w . " i -v ' YJV anci say . That I wan ninety-four years old on the eighth day of April, liO. I w as at Concotd tight, the ninvtccuth , the fight at tho Bridge, I saw nothing ..1 .1 1 . 1 mure ot tlictn, and cud not know II1CII1, whether they were alivo or dead, un til I found two nf my brothers engag ed -in the pursuit near Lexington mccting-liouse. Nathaniel followed the enemy to Charlustown. When I went to Conconl in the mOI'lUng, I joined tllC l.illColll com- I1' at the brook by Flint's pond, near the house then of Zachary Smith, MUM I IV If Ml IS VI I II .3 1141 III A IVIIUVU my gun there with two balls, ounce balls, and powder accordingly. I saw the British troops coming up the rond that lends on to tho cjiiiinon at Conconl ; the sun shone very bright on their bayonets and guns. Abijuh i'ierce, of Lincoln, tho Colonel of the Minute men,! went up, armed with nothing but a cane. When we were going to march down to the Bridge, it was mentioned between Major Buttriok and Captain Isaac Davis, that the minute men bcttcr 1,e. Imt front, because .1 .1 1 lit! , bmv,xl oll . . ... . 1 .1 1 . .1 the re i t right, ihen tney saw ttio smouo 01 the town house, and I think Major Bultrick said, "Will you stand here and see them burn the town down V J Anil the order was given to march, , mid we all marched down without any further order or arrangement. The British had got up two of the planks to the Bridge, ll was a mer cy that they fired on us at tho bridge for wc were going to march into the town, and the British could loud nnd fire three times to our once, because we had only powder horns nnd no cartridge boxes, nnd it would have been presumptuous. I understood that Colonel Abijah Pierco got the gun of ono of the British soldiets who was killed at the bridge. I saw them when 1 went over the bridge, lying close together, side in side, dead. Joshua Brooks, of Lincoln, wns nt the bridge, nnd was struck with u the bridge, nnd 'ball that-cut through his hat, nnd ball that cut (lr(!W-blond on his loiehcsid, and it .,s Ji' jt wns cut with a knike ,i ,.mii1Hi,i ti.v U1.r.. fiii . " J , , n y ... acMiivco. lien wc nnti nreu in me bridge i .i i xr - ..i awl Kliieu mo jinus.ii, num. 'hurst, ot Lincoln, who was my ,. . . , uv,.... ,. has iiiiuii man, oai. ...j.. .,.w and no ono knows when it will uuiin, Before the fiithtitu; begun, when wc wcrc 0 (w ',it James Nichols, of j;mco w10 Was an Englishuiaii, a & (h.o feUow ,m ft f,nu ringcr . , t.lf y 0f you will hold my gun 1 will no down and talk to then. - a , Some of them held Ins cun, ami lie -- i, ... i i , 1 ... ,1... HmI.oI. cr.l. wont down n one 10 mv; iiiiiou ' dicrs at the Bridgo and talked to them some time. Then he came back aud took his gun and said he was going home, and went off before , tho fighting. 1 Afterwards ho enlisted to go to ' Dorchester, and there desei ted to the British, und 1 necr heard of liiui u gain. j I believe I was the only man from Lincoln that had a bayonet. My father got it in the time of the Fiend, war. I went into the house where Davis and llosmcr were carried after they i.. ii ii ci. in itp I ll ll ii I. u .. .i 1 .1-1 I!. . I mipisis- '-" ' r"" eu the nouse w oe .Minor nuiim 1 .1 1 l . f. II . ,,,, 1 7 I . .1 i U li.in vi f inrirelo'll down to the , ., . ,, .. , , if , l & l?jor "uttnek marehctl lirat , l al'iai " ,"1e?4 10 ,. did not see Col. Robinson to know him. I verily believe that I felt bet ter that day, take it all the day through, than if I bad staid at home Amos Bakuu. (Seal.; Wc saw Atnas U.iker sign thu a hove, after it was read to htm. Pi. It. Hoar, Josiah Barllett, Jas. Baker. TROY iV RITLAND. AND ItlT LAND & WASHINGTON RAIL ROADS. , jiutianu and v ashiii'ion ii.uiro-is, o tdeeiu it our duty to present to the public, thtoiigh your eolunnn, a M.itenient of tint progress and pro-cnt condition of ihc'i roaUs The Kuthitrd and Waatiuigtrm Rvl h.u Ih'oii put under nmtrart hi folk. The first tlivinonof 1 mile, from Rut Ian I to the State line, at IVultncy, wm let itcarlv n vnr glt. to Mr r film ng V. t'i.. aiv(int lids tln.e alivmly grflded to the Pniiltnoy line The inm U purchased and is now on its way to Rutlnnd S much of the nvid an lys Itetwci'ii (.'. tletoti and Rutland Indng n distance of lit miles will Ih 0'iiel forum? by the tirst of Augii-t next. Tho n'limining di vision from I'oultnry line to Salem 1 distance of miles wns contracted iu Fehtmuy hist, to Messrs Unta.an Ac Pnp' who luve given nmphi security fr lis completion by the first of May, lfM. ti'iiiun.'l has ulrc.tdy been bmken in llm towns of Poiiltuey Utaiiville. anil Paw let, und by the 1st of duly liot Oleri tious will lie coiiiiiHMii isl in Hiipert. Te ernl of the heaviest M-ctinu have alrcody Im-cii gradiM and we have the stnmgeM guar.inty. in the well known diameter of the innt.netois, that the work will l pulieil with the utmost energy. Tlie Tniy and Rutland Ron'l, from Si. lem to its inteiiction with the Troy nnd Huston Itond, at I'iigle lllidgo adistnueo of 17 miles uis on tho -1st int. let to tieorge W. IJaiker V Co., who lime given the lequi.ed security for its com (ilction by the 1st of duly, 18;M. With in the next ten days giou.nl will be bro k:n by ilie-o contnictoiy, nnd ll.u work jii.Oied to completion by the day sjievified in their loiittui t. All' the stock which they weni requiieil to take, ban 1ku sult wrilKxl by thowi living along tho line of the rond 'from Ka-de Rr'ulgo to Rutlaml, ten percent of which was paid in April hist. From Eagle Rridgu to Tiny, the Road will lie built by the Troy mid Boston Company, the particulais of which have lieen spiead U'l'oro the public. It Li al ready under contract, und ojieration will lie commenced iu the coutsu of u few days. When these reads nre completed, they will form, in loiniection Mill, thu Tioy and Boston mail, the most diiect coinniit iiieatiou, not onlv fima Tioy, Itulluud.but. also fiom New Votk to Moutieal le'.n 17 miles slimier than the S.uatoga and Wliittliall road, and nt least 14 miles1 shoiter than thu lteuniugtoii or Western Vermont mute. Should it, however, be come mi ess.'iry to shorten the line Mill more, in consequence of the building of n rival road through Western Vermont, it will be iu our power to do mi ut any time, by extending the Rutland nnd Washington load fiom t'nstletou to Lei cester a distance of IS miles there to coimcet with the Rutland nnd Rurliuetou toad, at a point within -til miles of iiur lint;ton. This would give us in. addition al saving of 15 miles, and would make n total saving of 1211 miles over the Reming ton or Western VcmiioiiI route. Tho distance fiom Troy to Jim lington would he only l.'il miles, mid calling it 80 miles fiom !ii. lington to Mont.cul, and Kilt from Tioy to New York, it makes a total of Ho I milei, or, at the sliced run iqioii the Hudson Uier road, iilxiut 11 bonis, fiom Montreal to New York thus fur nishing the most diiect mule which cun be built, with liijilrr gnides and fewer en. ves than can he found iqou any con templated road between these two lei mi ni. We do not (impose to enter into thu business plnxpcots of our loads. If it. were necessary ve eoulil show statistics ftir superior to ihoe of any oil er mute. Accoiding to tlio Tinted .Stales census, we have upon the line of our roads. thttt timet lite trralti. tirice. the. pnjndution, mid more Mo 11 twice tlie Imnincit rtiour cet, mimss4iI along the line of the pn- jsiscil Western Vermont road, Jheso matters, hottever, me well uiiderstixKl, and therefi re need not he presented by ll". It has been our policy heretofore to n void ostentatious display and newspajs r warfare with other and rival proji:U. The Directors of our resiectivo romls have quietly hut iu urtr'ously Uen m work iu pieparing the way for un early eonqiletion of the whole, and we nre hap py to say, that lints far their efforts have Ix-cii ciouued with nieces. Wo enn how with certainly untioiinee that our retpect ire math will Ite Itiiilt, and we expect to oe the whole line from Tioy to Rutland in 111. initig older bv the 1st July, 18."1 Itl'.lt'NAItl) ltl, Alii, I'tes't ,of Ihe Trov and Rutland Komi. Ml'MMTT CLARK. I'res't. of tho Rutland t Wash. Roud. Salem, May mh, Wohin's Fi osomv. (inv. RarUmr of Virginia, in tin address l-foni hit agri cultural soeiely, says ; ''Let eieiv mull have the foititude to mj! his afliiiia in the fai.-o, lii keep .111 iu count of his ihhts and items of eAs-iiiIituic, nohmlter how long 1 r Iioh black the list ; if In; don't lisilc into it his ncighWs will and more, let him show it to his wife, if he has one If a prudent woman it will he of service; if imprudent it will Isj no harm. Hut, there are few of the Liter, and I cheer fully ls.-ar evidence to the care nnd econ omy of a woman. When iu a sit mil ion to ob-orve, I vifely viy, tlut I never knew a woman left Ui the one of an em barrdd estate, that did not extricate it I it ViUA JlOrrihle, Onto. The constitutional Stale Convention in session at Columbus will agreo upon biennial sersions of the legislature and two year' tc rrn ol service to senators. f-rt'rThc. celebrated Dr. A mo-: Twt roiiKi.i., of Kceiic, N. II. , died m his rcisid;ui;c on r'unday lust.