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THE RUTLAND HERALD.
VOLUME 56. THURSDAY EVENING, JULY 11, 1850. NUMBER 2 THE HERALD, 0 H UnAMAS.B-litoricI'uUULcr. utO A. TLTTLK. Printer. TKSXK TEJt V CAR. .r1.rWrifcr 7m WrrrtWM M-istr-.. Irt4 for 81 ' I - . L ' 'It..., null tU U fltfJ f wWtqwt.t i I. fill.MKR.tMi. Aatarieaa Jtitrr .-"l. Arr fw (M aM Mluili4 ui. AJVKKTtHKMtJri, .tv4 M'B. , trTI0.tSl tKf rl ' tylrc4 a t uhk, Tiai. nuiMine HM.lIin.PIIIA, M. W. tr. Third oJ lr . i 1 1 1 1 f j iv tv . .i i t ... IMMIHTANT t. ll'MMCS MKM AMU AUVKHWEIXS rn Klf4 IUrM tnj Vrmnt iUr t l .i.i.i. i.i... . i ..blllfnt in cuiiiimvii, vvoiwiiii-i ... UnUtr"' ilmliUim f Mf i r in urft'tituf tkoSuUS'nd ll4rtlteierul. tlfriitl.r V InrntrJ lu tsilh, MilM4Uf t Jrtlri a lltr mcJIuiu WlllllltllttMtl Wm4. fnwi Mir Putmt Office Htport. i Li.NI UAL VIEW OF AM Kit CAN AUHICULTPUK. CHAPTER IJI. IcniaiiTLBAL MKTK0K0I.0UY. ":icrc arc few sciences the study .ch u more useful to the farmer .u that of Meteorology. A noil :i fonbin all the atoms required to a luxuriant crop, yet, if the tern :narc of the ground, or of the air io.tt it.bo too low, vegetation makes nprfH. Again, tho earth ant) csaf.'krc may have a duo degree . i i i it i i urata ana iigw, as wcu asaoounu x. (Le food of plants in an availa-f-n, except wafer, and the ab- .! .1 . Ml l . r I i. cvi iuu t:iviui-uh nut w ittwi (.v . jfi of tho husbandman. iO'rheric air, light, heat, clcc r.. t, rain, dew, snow, and frost, .i ii i: i . i i a ilW2c ox tlic natural laws by " J l!icc generally invisible and y ri I am i.l a liAiliitif itjk rtr t I ar - ---- o ' " I I u rcicarcliL'fl have revealed them. n w valuallo ami ir.tercsUni'. iiiiiikTbriri ni ii inn iiiiiiiitiiiim :)iacna of which it $ tlio theatre, vi cointnaiul more attention in this liiuii kiiiv iiitiirrui nnvii ri irj ii w inirnii ui kvtvii imcn uic pruurcw oi pnyieai scieuce . II II.. i i u uneouriiru WIL niuuv i. .i i S. .t t W,'J 1 lac Atmosiuieiu; is mainly conv ...i r -it,.. -i - 4 3-;iH IIUL I1IIL 1 111 I It II 111 ( lill ft L! LVUIL-a 1 iKtd m uni.i it ' :ac forty-fivo miles. Tins pics ftcs form the ftir arc called nitrogen a t 1 !(. M. Dumas and Bousaingault, (Art coniwt ol -O.o oxygen and .ttAi '11 mart orinmitta fitirl -el i to o parts of carbonic acid in V.'H) of atmospheric air. Dr. ftvaius has ascertained that the r'j'ioo of amnjonU in the atmos wt ii as 1 to 2,000,000, varying ' 1 ,000,000. Undoubtedly llicro ft amy other volatilo and gaseous ti in the atmosphere, in a suite itiucnely diluted and diffused as ! wim all chemical testa. Sir - trt K.iTio fun nil that Kulnliurcitail -firtn will riAs throuch a thin of India rubber into the atmos tfe, igainat a pressure equal to 50 die weight of common air. roui compounds of phosphorus, j TOf, and sulphur, arc constantly k&u-jrtsl from decaying animal and Hx'Me mbstancca 'into tho atmos- ITimo gases fall to die earth in raiu wator. It is ono of the peculiar to all giscs, that tho ""ti-ceofonc in any given space not ia the least prevent several 'Vn from occupying the vacancies ftueen atosas of gas that seem 4 JI each other with singular The facility with whkh vinosjAere takes up vapor when ft cajcity to hold immense ttits of water imbibed from the Isles, rivers, the foliage of tad inowt earth in a volatile con a, to be distributed over brood snU,ts a wonderful prevision ?!iart. Hut the filling of tho air nter, like a wet sponge, is lesa hlle than the contrivance for ""-w$ 0u ipnyc, so to s(,cak, and tie diffused moisture to fall 'fv?t! ,i.. of the atmosphere, after : unanied itii water, U a plcno Zt without which U would never l i ror could there be any sprbps, ,Uuii plant, w aaiaikU on the nis preeipiUUoa of water is by a efewge of temperature, chiae is the mult of the re "sa cf the cartli od its axis, and. r-r LctL Dsy and Mt, Spring Somflser, AaUuBRf and Winter, with with ttietr ercr-Tarring temperature varying winuV, and clouiU, and con itantly cUnnng humiditr, arc all results of fixed lawr, which invith Uic research or every reasoning mind. Bulaii 1 1 tAT.- According to Pro fejr Forbes, the rays of heat coming irotn me sun, ami passing through the atmosphere iri the shortest line, at the latitude of Paris, lose 25 t-cr cent, of wicir caionnc jowcr oy tnc time tijey reach tho eartli. Hays that strike the atmosphere at an anule of onlv 2A deg. part with half their intensity, or heat, by the time thoy touch the ground, j lie molecules or air absorb and radiate heat into space, the same as other ponderable bodies. Hence, no matter how clear the atmosphere, neither the rising nor the setting gun imparts so much light or heat to those parts ot the cartli so ancctcd as thoy receive when the sun is at the merid ian. The effect of solar rays on the eartli is sUll further diminished mar ning and evening, by tho fact' tl at lewer IjII on any given area, because Uicy impinge upon its surface oblique ly. One can look at tho setting sun with impunity, not because it emits less licnt or light at that time, but because the rays arc mostly absorbed nnd radiated in passing through many miles of atmosphere before they reach the eye of the observer. The facility with which solar heat penetrates nnd warms tho foil, to the depth oft!, 1'2, 18, nnd J1, inches, and the radiation of heat from the earth, tho leaves of plants, and nil other substances, deservo particular notice. A distinction must bo made be tween tho radiation of heat from the surface of any bodv, and the transmis sion of it through any substance, as jion, wood, water, mold or soil. All these hold different relations to this peculiar clement. It it) not intended to take more than a opuIar view of tins subject. At tho tune of seeding in spring a single day '.3 sufficient to warm to the depth of 4 inchc?, a mellow soil recently loulied. Two days of sun will warm the ground G inches; and ii.x days 12 inches. '1'ho fall of warm rain on a well drain ed, mellow soil, greatly huetcr.s tho heating of tho earth. On tho con trary, the fnll of a cold rain, or much cold water in the ground, greatly re tards the riso of temperature in tilled land. Heat and water should be studied together, if one would obtain a clear idea of their joint influence on vegetation. When water cvaporatcB it expands to l,l! times its fotmcr volume, and renders latent, or insen sible, a considerable amount of active heat. Hence, n wot piece of ground, from tho surfaco of which a good deal of water evaporates, is always cooled by the constant loss of sensi ble heat which rises in vapor and de parts far into the atmosphere. The warmer the atmosphere, the greater is its capacity to bold water in tho condition of a diffused invisible vapor. The lower strata of air are heated much more by caloric radiated from tho carttrtlmn by the apsorbtion of heat from the sun in its passage to the piano. Air thus heated becomes expanded or ratified, and specifically lighter than tho colder air above it. This causes the air within and near the tropics to ri30 high above the sur face of tho cartli, anil flow over both north and south, toward cither pole ; while colder and heavier air rushes in toward the equator to fill the empty spoec. Thcso ajrial currents are deflected in their courses by the diurnal revolution of the earth, and by mountain ranges whoso summits arc often covered with eternal snow; and they are still further modified by the varying temperature of the ocean ami its peculiar streams. Heat and water arc the fruitful parents of winds and clouds. When aqueous vapor is ij-ccijitaUd in rain or snow, heat that was latent becomes again sensible, and by incrcatitig the capacity of tho air to hold water in the fonn of vapor, prevents a disas trous deluge of this abundant element in nature. The laws which mtrnin the precipitation of water from the clouds are no less curious than those which cause it to tain at all. The atmosphere must approach saturation before it can rain ; aud it ueuallv hanncni that the quantities which will fall on a given area, one hundred feet above the ground, ana on mo carm arc unequal. Large drops, in falling through many feet of dry air, become smaller br eoustant evaporation, and may be wholly d'esipttcd before thev reach the earth. On tbo other land, quite tmall drot (formed in cell re L'ions. binh In the air. constantly con dcitfe more vapor in fulling through a saturated atmosphere, and will be many times larger when they reach the ground than at their starting joint To illustrate the production of rain let ns suppose tliat a current of air at TO deg. temperature, naturatcd witb moisture, meets anarmjigics wiu anoincr current, aim saturated, but ( 000, ncres in the fonthcrn State?. On having a heat ofAOdcg. Now, if' two-tblnh of th1 van snrfnee, wbrt it the almosjdiere at the mean tempera-' l""rveted early cntugh in Mny nrol uiro oi uu urg. bad a capacity to 'unc 10 crmit n crop ol corn to mniun- IkiW water as an invisiblo vapor, equal to the mean of 70 deg. and TiO dcg. it is obvious that no precipitation would take place. Hut such is not tnc fact. Hie quantity of water held in air ncatcd from 00 deg. to 70 de on lliufamc land before nutmmu froM. Iy drawing a linu from tho Atlantic due wait to ihe Hio Ctniido, m nt to liave 300.000,000 acres fouth of it, on cv-rr arable cro twu rrons of our most I valuable brendsiutlj ran be hancjle l in Allow one-tliird or tbu nren . . , . , . o ." jv.ii. nam une-uiinj in inn nrr cannm rip rnnlntnitil ... 1.n I...1-.1 U . . . . . trom 60 deg. trt 00 deg. In other claimable mrfacc, mid there are lift words, whatever cools air saturated ' 200,000,000 ucrc fur euliiuili.m. On til. . . 1 , . 1 .1 .. . .. .... kiu 5uim)mu(mi uiai 1 lie- Miuui nan a population ailcqiiate to demand fiicIi with moisture, causes a cloud, dew, iumi, or rain. Early and late frosta are nrodueed by tho radiation of heat during rlrnr nights from the foliairc of plants, and other terrestrial bodies. If the tern- peratnre of the air is not vcrv low nt sundown, and is humid, vegetation will so soon reach tho deiejmnt, that the latent heat, evolved by the for- inaiion 01 miicti dew. will 1 retcnt a frost. I f the atmosphere is dry, clear, and still, the dou-point is lower, and nil the circumstances arc favorable to freeze the little vatior condensed on ... " suen substances as radiate heat with tho creatcst facilitv. which checks the radiation of hr,u liko a cloud, Mnokc-screcn, or wind which ngifntes tho atmosphere, serves to prevent irost. J-.very farmer should have a thermometer aud raiu-irauirc. anct Know the degree of heat most Javorable to all his craps. Tho dew temperature and moisture of the soil arc us much elements of production and profit, as good manure and skill- lul tillage. '1 he writer has studied the growth of corn in different mouths noting the changes from 4 o'clock, a. ra. to m.; from noon to 8 p. ni.; and from 8 p. in. to 4 a. m. When tho tcmperalnrc is favorable, com grows as much per hour in the night as in the daytime. No agriculturist is so far advanced in the science of climatology, as to make all that can be made of the water, solar It 1) t and heat, which nature so bountifully sup plies. There is no .State in the Union whore the mean temperature of Bum mer ia too low to ripen innize, or corn as is the case in Kugland, Scotland, and Ireland. The cutting down o( of too much timber in some parts of tho country has operated to change, in Fomc degree, the climate, and ren der larjie districts moro suhiect to alternate droughts and rainy Feaons. In summer, when frequent and mod crate rains aro greatly needed, the air is too dry to yield much more than respectable dews, for many weeks in succession. Tulenru the well authenticated re-i suits of cleaning forests, in drying up natural springs, and changing climates regularity of rains, &e., the leader is referred to the writings of Humboldt. Krenitz, Forbes, Iloussingault, and other meteorologists. Humboldt re maiks : "In felling trees which cov er the crowns and slopes of mountains men in all climates seem to he bring ing on future generations two calami tics nt once a want of fuel and a scarcity of water. (Humboldt vol. v. page 17o.) The waste of valuable timber in tho United States, to say nothing of firewood, will hardly be gin to bo appreciated until our popu lation reaches fifty millions. Then the folly nnd shortsightedness of this ago will meet with a degree of censure and reproach, not pleasant to con template. Different plants require unlike de grees of heat nnd light to bring Ihem lu maturity. The pointne will produce an edible tuber nt a mean temperature to Mow that neither its own Feeds nor thope of any cutal can be formed. IJoufsinpault found them militated in South America nt :m clewttion huving cropf, 100,000,000 nrret mieht bu drill t'd with seed-wheat in Not ember nfler corn hnrw t, putting half (he needful fertiliser in with tho ccd, and .owiti2 tho balance broadcast in I-'ebiuuiy, or March, after the Knglidi and Belgian practice. With fliillfnl culture ami feeding, nu average return of I'll buhels per'acre may rui'onably be expected, producing an aggregate, crop of 2.000,000,000 ot litiHicl.4. TIih crop would be h:u vest-, ni between the l.'ilh May und loth of June, nfler which n crop of corn may rttruwivtiir netunirs The ground whieJi I m nutlmtireil to tmkp in aid of the -1ltioit of .J. W Vc! fter, and which I take not a nu adttx-nto pMged to n nide. but in gl faith, n e- jire.ing my own penii.-u K-hef, aru u fol That the human remain, fuiunl in the inedieal college in Novcuilier lt wen- tlio of the late fr. tleorgf 1'nrkiuni. nnd llut lh' ejine to lii death by tln hamli of )r W'ehMer, in n moment of tamtam ninler pe.it iro(M.'atioii ; that there wan mi pre nii'ilitatiuti noriniiideniu- intent ; that theie wan a homicide but not a inunler, r if it could Ih; callod n inunlor under tlw rigid intciprcuttioii of the niles of common law pv ailing in thti comuioiiwcalth, vet that it w.kn not immler ai-eonlittg to the monil ju lgmentw of our )-oilu or of mankind, not tint crime In winch the politic, jhiiim; of notice awauN the nuni.imetit of death, or fir which that puni-hiiii-iit iit inflicted under iho tiMi.il and acliuil admiui-tratiou of tho l.iw in M.tvm huwltc I am enabled to re ent from Dr. Wel terV own lip a Matcno-nt of tho fm tK t-011-nc ted with tho homicide. 'Hie credibility and value of thif Matcmciit mu t det-jud rtly on the date of it. and tho, cirvunistan- he grown. With n lletlO liotilllati n, ft I co. under whi. li it wim imiile. Itefore reml. in lielgium, lTonre, and many pat In ol I lima, tliere can net er ben teal lack or fertilizer!', m that CO buMicU of corn can he produced on every arre of nrnble surface in our thiity Slates. Dy tlii! cutimalo it is seen that the uuo laud which had produced '.'.000,000,000 hu-h- cls of wheal, might, so far n the climate is concerned, enily yield 0,000, 000,000 bushels of corn in seti-011 to seed with win at acain. Governor Hammond, of South Caro lina, estimate the present capacity of! Iliu slavcliouliiis .Stales as coital to (lie support of 00,000,000,000 of inhabi tants. Jogivu U'guiia aa dciif u a pop ulation ns ISclgium has, (which -.norts far more of butnnri fo"d than Virginia doe..) would require nil ihc people now in the United State? to rcde in tho "An cient Dominion." Of the other 100,000,000 acres of arahlc soil, one-half may bo planted in cotton, nnd enriched no more than to give an nvtiagi! of n bale of 100 lbs. t tho acre. Thii will secure an Crop twenty time srown in the t'nitr mnual nillcjro. ing it, tlicR'fnre, I will lelate tho-e tnvuni--taii'-cs to the rommittce. My acquaintance with Dr. Webster be fore his tnal had lieeti of tho slighted aud mo.it carnal kind. Soon alter hii wntence, I leieiveil from him a reqiteM that I would visit him a a clergyman, dining his impris onment. Jt w.xs a sen ice not to lw de clined. 1 had followed the reports of the trial, and arqiiicM-ial in the verdict nin righteon.i one, and had no thought but that the sen tence win to he, and ought to bo cart led in to execution. 1 did not make it inv object to draw a eoufe-sioii from hiiu eaify, or to lead him to cimnuit himself one way or the other, on the question of hi guilt or inno cencu. 1 earet'ully avoided eery reuiatk and inqtiiry that might tempt him to make any fal-o dcclar.ition. Ilo n-'ciiiciI to inider stand me, and neither denied nor declared his guilt. I exjwetod he would finally be induced to eommuiiiuatu to 1110 whatever he know alomt tho iliMip'araueo of Dr. I'atk mau, and about the remains found at Ihe D11I I was in 110 hurry about this. s larger than is now j I thought I ulwiuld ho mere likely to obtain ted State, and fifteen from him tho enact truth, by waiting till a lime' iaiger than tbo consumption ol f.inrab!o time. Ai.eouliiiL'ly it wax my ol - iho whole human family. There will ,joct for the lir-t weeks to become acquainted Mill temiiin ."50,000,000 acres adapted with hint, to win hw confidence and attach to Iho culture of su'-nr-enne, rice, tobac- menl. l-v attention and fVinnathv. and to o. and other important Maples. i;iideao"r to mako tho.-u iiiiprefvions of a Jbe I nittd States pn-se.is a terrilo- uioral and religious iiutun:, which weie Miit- ry embracing over ,000 million of cd to his hit nation 11.1 a 111010 or lo.vi hinful acres, more than 11 inoicly of which is und certainly dying man. Ai timo pas.-ed, susceptible of tillage. Taken ns a w hole, seemed to uiyM It" to haus sm t eeiled in the country has n climate whose mean ihe,. objects, almoet beyond my hopes. temperature nnd fall of rain greatly favor 1 At length, on tho '':id day of May, I the production of human food and clothing. As wo arc now engaged in laying the had made up my mind to ialilro-s him in a wholly new strain, and to demand of him a foundation-, of an empire such as the full statement of f.itt.-. J then believed world ha never seen, nor scarcely con-1 my.olf to Ihj on Mich tunn- with him. that ceived pos-iblo, every advantogo of soil, 1 1 could abruptly and authoritatively de- chmate, natural product and such val maud hi confidence. I did nt and I was liable trees for limber, fruit and luel, n- not ib.sipinted 111 the result. On enlcr may be profitably cultivated, should com- ing hi-1 ull, that day, I told him that I win going to broach a new and important sul Iject to him, and ho mint listen to 1110 seri jously, and not reply till 1 haddouu. I then I .-.liil to him, that ho must have felt all along I that there was one harrier to our free com ' muuication ; one nint on which we did not uudeitand one another; that the t.-mbar-I ni-wiicnt which attended the avoiding of that niiit oliviou,-ly went tar to ileteat tin maud universal care and studv. to.riMi or I'uor. joii.n tt. vvritTi:n. rrtMrcUiuc brlurr llir l.otrrnor nu.l I 011111II. ,T.mriKST or n:v. im. okorok pctnam. The Committeo on I 'anion", of the Gov ernor and Council, met at tho Council chum lier in the State House, on Thursday fore noon, July , for the punnse of eoiiMder ing the runs of I'rof. .I0I111 W. Welister, now lying in Itoston jail under sentence of I satisfaction and profit to himself which ought to result from our interviews, f said that ho must certainly have some knowledge . . ' . . 1 ,., . Ik ,!' cam lor no muruer 01 i;r. 'IjS'J ' jr I resieetiiig the fata of Dr. I'uikman, which iriii, I'll 1111: uoeiii'Miii 01 .,oi lui.'. 1 j jfj not, and that the iinshatcd secret must A x.-tition for reniission of M-iilem-e; and )(0 , ,,.,.,.,,,;,.,. :tw intolerable bur full pardon on the gn-uml of entire inn-l ,, . 1Ilt ,hp ,. ,,,, ), 10 ,,,,, 1,1 tvnec. had l-oeii put into the hands of Ihe t() t'mn ;t w;, K,lu j U11(lt.r The nxL'cuuvu nv i'r. ntiiMrp mtnu miip-i ., tllllfc.llw.rtu xt.:,, ...... ii,,, t i.-.i t--,.lll. . hiliwK rttriltiiriiii liitliHi tit uratwk litm 1,11 Mr. Putnam. This petition was drawn up. ,i,; .;, .....i ., it w,1,k. i . the most part of it by friends of tho Pi-o-, iH!it.vli it ourM ,H, f()r ,lis f,.lit.f ,, lessor s miiniy. wt.o until last weei: .im not ; of Iuil), . Ulat j ,(t ,w M cntcrtmn the shghte-t doubt of the complete, ,v ,,U tiniu ,,Mt ,a. (H(.( W mA and 1K.lfeet fusion, ifnmi guilt of the father ,fl;i. , w,,l tru,t me; that ho need not hiislKind. and friend I he st.-itemcnt which w , u,,, Jlt ,mtI ,.(ir , was made to Ihein at that tune in the moit l)t Un, (ll n-pn,;,,.!, l,im. nor to judg.; him, decide mauiM.r, sweit away from their ,ml , tV(Il((irt ,,im bu ,KMn .ft,, , trembling laqs.-s, the Lu-t refuge, llio.om- ,lim uyx.. wit) (.,,,,, inc eleven months in which to grow, or ' !'''" "" '"""." "a.s ! r, , lr , his couse.on.e and to i.i-t him. if I might. 3.MS Uv Left ci-n Ihe nlnnrf live while he lived, and die when he . In munv parts of this counln- V.M,KM m V""" '1 l"H- ,,r,':"'- should die. with the humility of a mean heat so low as -10 dcg , requir-; 3IJ5 persons ty days toes iilantc In- ilm 1.1 r,f Ailnocf soiithirn Slated they grow best in thoj 11 iiiuoy pnim 01 lots luumn , r . , . . . , , 1 ' 1,1 - " ' J begin to dig potatoes in seven- f"1 ""?. mad.' h, deep an imprep ,,, 10 liniim.HMlr a lllMIf Wlll 1 ,niMud from ihr planting; and po.a- Jn "I"" 1 ,U.'at. 1 ic r''vt".'r ,"f tl"i he Iwjw of a Ch.iMiau; Hut td.tr to Hod tho 1st of Mny will be rlno f' IJ,.,,, U' M"wt ,h'Uv"1 my lu.g of any real sonicc to him, tliere In fome nf 1 ,nl"uJ"J ' 1 ,,ur'". iiiu-t U truth reLtioti' lietween I cautioned him not to anwcr ir.e ha- Ur I'ntnfilii iX llriYlimv llm f liOM-n fctiintieil ailvis.r unit e-niiii. 01 llie nnn ner. 1 -?i . ... ... .?i 1 1 . Iho winter season. Winter barley and ' . 1 V -i 1 1 i- "'v. not, ui peai: umu no was pirjianin 10 rvc will mature their seed at a lor wrV K !" xl'lT.T, .,Z kfl ,1,u wll"U' a,""lu, u"ut'1 t'lut I limpcrautre than wheat. Humboldt, U:,,.alf.of l'ofcM" , fh:Wr' ",U, " ' . wild 'deavor to ,,ut a f.von.ble eonstru.- foutldat.lakons.k.lubighJCcn.ralA.ia.'ll"''''1. I I? ''TT ," x" h '"u" ' ,1,at 1 in w. htir- where the earth w at coiulamlv fr02tJ' w ,.- ,t.on winch was , raw. up and s.g.i- M, ,iul 1(i,.ht lakl! u or ,wf at ihe dell, of three f. et below Ihe sur- 1 i4 l' U, l'n"J,,L'ri hxth " MU,n'i moru to tmsider wlu thcr my advi. o lo him face, both nc nnd whtat yiehling a re- , , j.1'"'"0; ''r lK' rM :i f,)U diseloxite ww not ru.-u- turn romt-timesof la to I of irttl. At ht-vre tndi-j tU 0;.p""id. f .iu- i atw E'"'. thai tdsce the inuteury is froztn two I I sp-ke to him Nime tune 111 a strain months in tho j enr-tbe cold being ov-! . TX.ZTS. 1 h 'l , V TW' er li dcg. Mow frtt-iing. Khortat thelu 1 , ifs ) , iiiinn. r;..-.-tni!!v r-'"' u ,u WUv" by what I w and summers arc.lhty hate n mean temper- tbnii. wice 't.i.. uj-i hau l.r tiit b.r when I jriu.nil, ho said imuwdiaHly. ".I aiure of b4 de- i'ni Mh 7 '4 am rly lo O il wu all It will ! a re- Otl the noiihcm tlopc Ol -Motite Jfo- u.. uWh- lr me. ne uku jironinni 10 rcum- in iiriiTirlai.d. batlev ccaxfi lo!. v 'tr l""wr lo'ly tvtn.l lbt I" tm 1 1 th fact, which I have iinu fUlUvliol in , .. . , I " w iiiir.ii inn grow at an delation of 1,2 CO fi ct abote iht i.iiMr..kl tiilKiiwI, wi)iUtU'.lri,. . lwl ,...., 1 . 1 nr .mx b ii utn, ja jt i iakj-ifw. mi. "hm ,, . - the f eft en the w)uthern fide it con hurH mm j iwDn.MrfiWuver.iriv 1 1 iiun a ptat irwJ"r of ijucti.M allot tiuue, lo'l cul.ita.cd at the h.ight of &?r ' i""l. 'e- jr-r-l j. ! ifc)r"-" 't ' "K-r .1 .w r nj.-itraoec 11 Hrmni umiw 01 iin ii'iiun 1 AHMMiit. t r U . Si'n.i , i.uni-u U lull lii I 111 th- rome of the mi- about C.fiCO fft. Dctisirigniilt says that the ditTeiincc is ateribed lo Iix-sd causes. In ttudviug the moan temperature and annual foil of i&ln, includiag inow and detr, In the tinted .Stales, und tho distribution of both Ltal und water through the year, one can hardly escape the eiimiction that no otLtr equal area on the globe has rqual ngriroliural eaji. biliti. Vt itbout inctudtng ueiawate, thttt ire within n fraction of OOOOO'1. r?lt7U liTu!Z?J'r faU m1 l,ro giu-n by uui rt ni! fmuoti. ft jijr t-iiiUi-r hUI wh , bin in a sulwnjiuu: day, but the outhiw iSfnr,im tlin-vu:.oitusrtJ!.if tiKli, nu ttmJi 0r tit" who'e namt.ve, mid tho moto luiir- tuJriKtoiTjTc H. ilcuii. yuur j.iUKJrt rv given ai tiw irrxmew o. I.il cAlJV' frii.l U- jwf wiil Ju. t-UUvU, MsV 'iAU tuiu:tlviiiritii.tui-irlh'I.Ui-i j, imjK,rtij,t to olirVO that t ibat ki Oie uuU Kill fiit'l tliKtlii, tu ex. ; , . I . ,. . . io vIrp.Wrw.ls i-'.ii rmy dsv the writ .rf error u l.udmr, ami si V nhicii tU Urlau tl vim Ihm ii.jwtiK.n, jwi .hit Dr Wrb-t:rV petition for a full A.i rw 0 t,rvVl.Bsn.i: r,,J,,n. 0i strong dreUrati'm -f ntitr F t': Juar, U. iiuvkkv t , wx ill b' 'uridj of tb dovtin nr. If tho writ should fil, ho txiikl cverylhhig a ftiilol ujsai Uiat jx'tition, the dpclnratious it iiiiita'uird and tlir (Imminent and alhilavitK ho ls-bcte 1 wimiM ltj obtained for it, sttiiport Hi timnodiMo fmily firm I.. ... I '....Z. 1.. 1 . .1 . i m jn'i niinTioj K innioz 11101 cniitviv in- iMKvnt, wvrv engagv-l in wcking fitot. and p3-n to suslnin libs petition. I am conti- dcnl tliat at that tiiiM hi had not the rem- t-t idea of sptiro.K-iiing the KircntJvfl in any other wwv than aocurdiug to tho lnor . e ,t . . . 01 iiiav k'uiioii, nor icpiii to ctintenipiaip the ipiestton, whether (.iiiiiiiiutatiiin would It' pnutirahlu or ftcii a deninddti altcrua- lite Ilia whole thought, mi far m ho on- teiUuned any IioJhi, wa. of unhni imi tho ground of Innocence. ()uc in the court of hN nnratio, he suddenly tuusod aud Mid, with an appearand) of anxiety, ' Wiat if the writ chould U grutitril, anil a now trial follow, iniehl notynii lo suniUKifted nu a witness nnd coiurxdlml to mml all I hntu said to ymii' 1 told him. No; that the got eminent would not put mo into lo will at a miiGdcuiiul friend nii'l then try to use mi' :a .1 si n- : tliat it would Ih. no 0ni1-.11... not to he thought of, and that I would not eotifont to I hi used, whatever might Iki tho ei n ueni.-eM to mywlf. I had previ ously told him that I 'should never reteal hi' statement fo any one whilo he lived, without his consent, "and that if I sunned him he 1111K leave all to my disctetinn. I feel sure that it hud not i-eitrred to his mind, that lux statcmenta to me could eter bo used by me w ith a view to his advnnti g. hut ho had a moment 'h nilii-itode lest I might lie toni'Iled to rceal them to hi harm. He M-cmetl to 1110 to make m di elowtivs siniiilv because he wan unwilliui' to dony my e.unest ivquest, wiied to man- ile-t Ins conlnlcnce in inc. and at thu saim mall nrtJn f what 1x m. At first I icjst inlerjiimjj. trying to pacify him, n thai I might obtain thsLobjeet fir wieh I Hnght the interview Itnt T eoutd ma slop Mini, and Mn my own temper wiu up. I forgid otory thing. I wa caviled to tlm liijrliunt thptrv of viMion; and while hn wa p'akuiK anil prxtirulating in tho moil violent nnd mi'itaeitig mauuor, thntsting the letter nnd LU Mil into my face, in my fury I foiled w'.tatutcr thing was IihikUcM. It wa a sli k of wiml ml 4nlt him an inntan tiiii'ini." hlnv, with arl tlu fimM that nsion eonld rive it I did nt know, mr think. nor rare, wbt're I should hit hint 5 nor I ow hsnl, nor what tho clf.-et tvouhl 3 It t a.1 on tbu side of Ids hrud, Biid tliiuvtra in th ins to Itrrak Uie force tiT iho hkw. Ho fell instantly Uion the eitw:it. XI cm wu no second blow. II did uot imivr. I atnoneil tu or ii'un. mid he wemed to be lifeless. lUinl tlowitl from his tuouUi, rnd T cot a sponcc and wiixil it away. I tot so ne nmm'i nia and npplioil it In his now. lor without onvt rerhaptt 1 sinrni ten iiiiimtei in attempts to reonsttato htm'; but I found that ho wiu nli-oUitely dead. In my hornr and conitentntion, 1 ran instinct ively to ihe doom and bolted Ihem iho doors of the lecture room and of thu lalxs ratory below. And then what was I to do T It never iH-curn-d lo too to go out and dr elaro what I had done and obtain ftssIllUne,. I saw nothing hut tin; alternative, of a suo ceifiil ret110v.1l ami concealment of th Itody, rut th'.' one hatvl, and of infamy and doMntcth 11 on the other. Tho first thing I did. ai wsin a I could do anything, was to drag tho body into the privnto room adjoin ing. There I totk off the clotlies, and be gan to put them into Iho firu which was biirmiii' in U 10 upper lalxiratoiy. J hey time was glad to hate the oppuituiiity of . wore all lonntmcd Ihero that afternoon, willi winning ins mum 01 us iiieaiitul secret. p.qi.'rs, MUiet-tssik, or wliatevtnr ebm they 1 will add hcro that 1 did not make my nuy h.ito containel. 1 did not oxnminu demand of lr. Webster at the suggestion thu jKHiket.", nor icniovo anything oxceiit of any legal or other friend of his,' nor did thu w.dch. I saw that, or tho chain of n. :my (ktsoii know of my intention to make j hinging out, and I tisik it and threw it over it. And neither Dr. . s statement, nnr the fact that he had uindo any, waHcoiuntu- incaled to me by any pci-011 until mote than two wceki mc I the tind"!", 111 1 went lo Cainbtidw. My next iiiovu w.i to gnt tho Isxly into the sink which stands in the small tirivnto fier it had been icceixed by r nun. J!v M'ttiilZ thu body parliitlly erect mc; r.uwe 111.11 nine. 110 Mepi havij been ( au'ain-t the corner, and guttmg uf into tho taken by me without the coiieiiirenco of si ik mymlf, 1 eueeeedcil in drawing it up. I r. Webster and uf his tecoguiicil h gid 'I hero it wan cntindy disnieinlK-n-d. It won ndthcT. Two or throe days after I icce'tvixl Dr. Weh-trr's .'tatement, I mhised the with, drawul, (lemKir:uy at least, and I Iiom.c final,) of his tin-t petition to tho K.i.-uitie, and it wai witlulrawn. Mi, WF.tlSTr.lt'n STiVEMKST, AS ltl'.l'Omi.K TU tiik eouiiiTTix ov Tin: toe. mm 1. nv 0. ri'TN.tii. On Tuexhiy, the 20th of XovciiiIht, I sent the imte lo Dr. Parkutnn, which, ilap tiear.. wai carried by the In y Maxwell. I liaiided it to l.itllclield uuieuled. Itw.mto ask Dr. I'aikmau lo cull at my rooms on Friday, tho 'I'M, after my lecture. Ho had become of Lite very iuijMirttlualu for his iay. Wo had thieatcitcd ni'j with a suit, to iut an olhccr into my hoitw. and to diivo mo from my piol'iMsorsliip if I did not jsiy him. The puiKiil i,f my note was iniily to :11k Uie conference. I did not. tell him 111 it what I timid do or what I had io s.-iy about the payment, 1 wished to gain for tho-e few days a lele.tae fn 111 his solicita tion", to which ! was liable cveiy day, on occasions and in a minuter erv diazrccahlo quickly iiono, ns a worK 01 lerniuo aim ucs p 'rate net ewity. Tho only imtrumetit uwd w.L-i the kiiit'e Ibiinil by tin; officers in tho I !a-olicit, whi-'h I kept Ibroutliiig eoiks. I nude no ui-e of tho Tutkish kttifi) as it was called at the trial. That had long been kept on my parlor inruttlu piece in Can bridu as a euriotis oinaiocnt. My daugh ters frequently cleaned it hence tho tiiark.i of oil and whiting found on it. I had late ly brought it into Boston t" get tho tilvor sheath tcjttircd. While dismembering tho body, a stninm of (,'ocliitii.ito wax ruiuung through tho sink, carrying off llie blixxl in a pipe tluit jtissed down through the lower Ldxiratory, 'i'hero must have Ihmu a leak in the pijm, for tho ceiling below waa stained immediately round it. There was a liro burning in tho fitrn.vo of the lower laboratory. I.ittlofield wns lilt-taken in thinking there had never K-cn a lire there Ho had prolmhly never kin dled one, but I hud done it myself soveral times. I hud dune it that day for tho pur p'w of making oxygen gits. The head and and alaiming to me, and abo to avert, for I '",;,a, w''r';J,l111 ,h"1 r;,"!a,e" ,lat so long a lime at lein.!, tl.e ttillilmeut of teient ihtcals of sevelo meanues. I did not expeit to lie able to jiay liim when lii day should arritc. My pit tjs 1-0 was, if ho should iiccimIc to tho pnqioscd interview', to state to him my einbarrasMnenbf and utter inability to p.iy htm at 11.1V llllll fit l.f.v.-,if Ii. niu.lr,r,.9i. for those timers in mv lombwi ulo, !. deep sink Illicit With lead. offended him. to throw iiivn lf noon his ' "ittiate wan tunicl into it, day, ;uid the fuel heaisid on. I did notex- a'uiiie at night to see to what degree they were consumed. Some of the cxticiiiittc I believe weio put in tliere oh that day. The tielvis and Sojne of thu Kml, per haiis all, were intt under the lid of the lee. tun room table in what is railed the icell A stream of nnd kfpt 1.. 1.... r... r...A.... i:T f runuiiiL' throlinh nil Fridav ni'ht. Tin 11. t, ... ... ... i.uiifi;L lliov tillil IUOI11- , . . : gence for the sake of my family, if not for ! Jh,,ra) at P"t w.o a similar w. II i,i thi my own, ami to make as' hI luomisea to ' h'Wjr kilwratory, whi.lt I filial with water, hiiu a- I could haw- any hotm of ki cpin". f'""1 tIir,!W "' a q,l:'!"ty of jn.tash which I I did not hear from him mi that .lav, nor , f"ulllJ ,1"-'ro' ' disposition of thu re tho next ( We.!nelay), but I found that on ' UM"" w,u, '"' ,',,i"'g'-l ill cr tho tWt of Tl.u.xlay he had Iweu ahumd in purxiiit of , ,,?Mrr'41 '"l '"'"'".V , , , mo, though without finding me, I feat.sl tMten the lly had l'cn thus all do that he had forgotten Iho apis.iiitment, or j""",'', "f '" . uv"'y tn ,f w,mt ebti did not mean to wait for il. I fcHr.il ' ,"w' 1 '"'k "' ',irt tb.il he would come in iquii me at mv Ice- th.ch thu fatal blow luul been stniek. It tute hour, or while I was pieiejiin" niy ex- 1 1,n,v'"'1 ,,J '" a l'K't(J 'he Mump or a largo irt-riiueiii for it. Tlierefore I called at hi ' ral": '"!" M' U,J diametor, and Iiouk- on that inotning (Friday) l-etweeo ""vl 'l "' "f two or moro eight ami nine, to reinitid him 'of my wi-h piece with h i had uurlisl in fiom Cam to see htm at the college ut half-p.ist 0110 bndge, long N'lote, for thi; nrw of sh' w my h-eture clo-ing at one. I did not stop '!'" ,',,l' t ,"f 'Citain chemical fluids in to talk with liim ll,..n for 1 .mUi 1).,. . colotli.g Mc.od, by (s ill'' alwillcd Into iho eonveisation would ho a Ioii"oue, amlllud 'l""': The gr! vino l-ing a very po- rmii Wl, Whs well suitcl to tiu iiitpos: Anoth r loiigi'r sti-! had Iwcn usiil in b'ti led, and oihihitod In ihcMUih lit." ThU ono hail not Ucu used. 1 put it into Usa tite. 1 I took uji tho two ,U t, either fiom tho table or the Cunr, 1 ihmk th(itahlr,cUiwby wiwro )t, P. hail falh.11. I scjo-d lu old iij 1.1IU ji 11 lying on UV tuble, dasJinl it aoioris th face and thiongh the signature. , nnd ut them in my js-wkc-t J do hot know 'why I lid this mth'.-r than "1 tbeui In (Ihj lite : for I had not romodcrod forn mitnent my lecture to prepare for. It was netes-a-ty for me to save my time, ami mIso (okei-p my uiiiid free fiom other 1 xciling matters. Dr P.trkman agreeil to call on mc us 1 pso- ioei. He came. ac-onlitig'y, lictween haK-mt one and two. Ileeatiiii in at tin; Ici-tuiu nxjtn do-ir. I was cngagtsl in removing wane g!aws from toy lectuie loom table in lo the 11mm in the tear, csillod tie- iq.w'r lalsinttorv. lie cam..- rapidly down the step, atc foll',v.wl mo into tin) laln.ratory lit; iuiuieiliafely uldrc-wl me with git-it 1 iter-.-, .tie vimj reajy vr tnc, ur ; haw: wliat 1 Ifi.-ct eitlier wr.uld have 011 the ni.irt. i.-.i-j, i-m 11.,-. rn , Hiiu.- 1 .... :. ------ you ;ot lb.- money V" 1 t -plied, ".Vn. )r ' (??' "r "ty in-leirtlnuM to Ur I'arkinan P4il.ii.ii," anl was thou U-giwiing to stal.) '"", ,,'' '-hri".-rs.msiiitw.sted ; aud I Ul my ....idiih ti and n-ke mv aprsal to hiw. a K,u'" W"',J Uwualil to iho qucr-lb- would ti' h-t.11 to 11,.'. but inb-irupt-d 10 ;,1k" K' "unt 1 shixjM girovftlw ins with much tohemem.-. He wiled uw y51 "r r,"u1' ,,f ,U'-W Xlb I'r. a-Kiiitidnd," ami liar." aad went on, '. ' t'irrj. helping '111 Mvi tlai mit hiuor tauuu and! I '"ty saw ih.j slodgu lummcr tjf.ken oppf...iiu. epithet. While lw was talking. I "f J'dticti. !d. --Jul utter Ww of H ex ho drew c handful of ipers from hi, jk-1 "-w-- ' I J Witt.no r';-ol! th.ri of it el. ut l bik fiwii wnoug tle-ui my two note . . '-' J to v hw.o, as bto aa nulalwanoMlrficrfPviiiDr.H.vacV.writ-, iu,,; , , I ten many year t. aud eongnaulatitigl.'m "i"''1 'lut 1 'S'tinvet inyfModv-nij n . ,,. ... I.T.... ..... ..... . W Oil l.JHIIJOUIV- ll 1 air .1V '.. I . ft. ... , . r . t ir. i .1 on uu sucivw a etuiuir me iis- K'nVil profojirof cLtailx'.ry. Vouse:' he Esitd, " I got you Into your o!Ei-e, trwl ikw I -will get yoa out of it." lie put Wk into his pocket all the ptem r-xeejit tliti It Iter and tlw ttfiti-t. I lanuot h' w Imi- thet irrcmof threat and liivr.me um lioufl, iol I 'tn n'JK Wilts'?' Imt" .iy ri.:,. 1 room nt llie l.'ohV-. 1...I .. (. .1 . .... ,.( ul Wl ejjufjj. 111 the H'priti .n of liw rtmaiiu, and no jarn u u my iiiture tmir. On KiJurday otvniiij I rvnl th notico in 1 Trbitsnj4 rcsim.tnig tu disapp.r. wiv wm Ui.n Uuply ltojitvfi.. Mith f sir (, UTIt ft it