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fr lero rsiu9 itlvoai " 4tauan " ..... t.. oi cut Tur. N'r.w Iwto. Law. The 1V inst-lcr General ban iiliHheJ fortbe jnfot tuition of PoMmsU:r8 and the jmblic lib dcitcii on ft large number of tpiwtiotif tliti7 under the new poslazc law. I'eet- aiw on bound book, and tirintcd matter, h .!! .. t. except newspapers and t Hlied at interT.il not cxcceditic moolJn, and sent from tbo office of public-v fists to actual suhxriWri", is required to lo preyiid. PoaUco is to l charged by tho route by which letters, Ate., art- sent, and the? are to be nent, unlere nthcrwic direct ed by the sender, by the quickest route. Subscribers to periodical a to obtain the ben efit of prcpavnicnt iuu.t nay a quarter's postage in advai.ee. Weekly .pajwre only an entitled to circulate free of postaRcjn the counties whore published, ana this priv ilege la llu.ife J to' tho counties iu which the papcra arc printed. ' Kxcliango papers'' ",ay '' K,lt ,0 am finm Canada free ""of charm. I'amphlota rind perioilicala, not exceeding ID ounros in weight, may bo intcrchanl free of jioKtogo by the publishers the privilege lieinf limited to a wnslo cony. Dills for the Mibscriptiou to such publication, and reccibt for navinent. may bo enclosed ... ' .. ... ' ':.. -1.1!.:... CiMI'OHMi. New Orleans, Aug. Is!. Saw Fiuxcisco. The ateatner Ala bama bas arrived, with later Intelligence from California. Another destructive 1 r ;bl 'fire baa occurred nt San Francisco, Wut ht which i" ? is estimated at i.uuii,uw. neterm live were lot. The fire waj the work of an incendiary. More particulars. A despatch from New Orleans, UiiteU V1 inst.. siiys the fire spoken of iu the despatch of yester day, visited San Francisco on the 22d of June, laying in nshes the very bcatt of the cil v. The tiro extended over ten squares, burning through Montgomery. Dtiitont. :islnii"ton, zn rciinnr, nnu oilier street:, which comprise the bu sines twrtiofi of the place. The los! is variously estimated ut front two to five millions of dollars. The fire vtn the woik of an incendiaries, who have been arrested by the Vigilunl Committee. Active preparations were being made to rebuild the burnt district, and already several substantial buildings are in pro cess uf erection. There have been a number of additional cases of Lynch l (I V I 1 ed has passed away, and vi I . . s.i IWL'-. THURSDAY KTEM.VO, AUGUST T without Lliarso in adilition to that of the criodical. Instruction are given nl.'o, on J law, and crime still prevails to a fearful extent. 1 lie agricultural prospects o! the Slate arc favorable. The reports from (he mines arc con flicting, but arc generally favorable. The quartz diggings continue to yield well. various other miiu. iiKeiy to uo oi icsh fiequcnt occurrence than those here men tioned. ExtMiOTifi,N or TiH)Mi'.joN. Chatlej Thompson, who was arrested at I'omfret, Vt., Koine days ago, on a cliari;e of robbing thj Dorchester and Milton Hank, w.n ex it ruined on Friday, at Dorchester, before ' Sti-uck nv Ltr.iir.siso On Mon- Justice Cutnininzs. The evidence of his duv morniiiar. 2stli ult., duriii'' a violent guilt is substantially as follows: The thunder .storm, the tavern house of Mr. Thursday previous to theSatuiday night on f Darling, at Concord Corner, was struck which the robbery was committed, Thorn p-. hy lightning the fluid passing into the on hired a horse and carrvatl at Durcliceter. har-ioom. There were five men in tin room at the time, one of whom, J. D Stoddard, Kx , of Waterfoi d was se verely injured. Hi) was silling in a chair leaning against the. bar. lie wuc struck in one ol bis feel, bis shoe and stocking knocked off, and both scattered into fragments, and a gash three inciter in length cut lengthwise of his foot. The cut is deep, but not through the foot. Otherwise, be was not seriously injured. One or two of the other person in tin room were knocked down, but not much hint. The fluid appeared to pass into the room through the floor. Two boards f the floor were considerably broken. Mr. Stoddard suffered intensely from the. wound for several hours, but the last we heanl from him be was quite comfortable. Caledonian. tuivinz that he turiosod K"i'K t Vermont ntid should be gone some d.iy.s. Instead of this, he put up the horse and vehicle at a 1 a stable in Roxbury until Saturday eve-1 hing, when ho culled and took them away. I On the night of thu rubbery, the horse and carriage were seen at Dorchester, and in the morning tho team was found at Urighton, ' by the roadside. It will bo remombeied, that on Monday morning, after the robbery, , ' , , ..... .i 1 a man ami woman purcnaseu a ivaieu aim other artielen of jewelry, valued at S2I0 at the store of Kbeu Culler, No. ti 17 Wash ington street, in this city and paid fur them in bills of the Dorchester and Milton Dank. Mr. Cutler now reengni.cs Thompson as tlio man who mado the purchase. After T!ioinpou'a arrest and commitment to the tSVnlstock jail, a watch was found hocrctud under his bed in his cell. This was pro duced, and identified by Mr. Cutler as tho article which ho sold Thompson. It was also proved that Thompson immediately lied to Vermont, that ho absented himself from his houso there, and lived iu the woods. the evidence, though circumstantial, is stron:;. He was committed for trial in the Sullolk county jail the Norfolk jail is un- ilenroing repair: lit uetault ot bonus in the sum of $20,000. Courier. Sisuulai; Case. A case of misdemean or of an aggravated character was before the Police Court m Lowell, on i'liday. We learn from the Courier that at the out let as the cvidenco in support of the charge was about to bo given, it was shown to the Mtisfaction of the Court, that both Thayer and his wife woro atheists not believing in the existence of a Supreme JIcinr, or of a future state of rewards or punishment, or, if believing, yet with such qualification1 as to render their estimate or appreciation of tho value of an oath of no aacount what ever. Tho judgo therefore dismissed the ease at once and ordered tho defendant to bo discharged. The Courier adds : " This is an unuaual case, one of whicl we think it would be difficult to find a par allel that is, an instance in which judicial or lepral proceedings have been arrcatcd in tho outset, and finally quashed entirely, in consequence of the atheistical belief of tho complainants. MatcralLsm, which almost necessarily leads to vice, is rarely seen in our Christian communities, and still more rare is it to sco anything approaching it in those who have taken tho vow3 of wedded ife." Nicotj.nk. A largo space has been as- signed in the French journals to the dotails of the trial atMon.s, in Belgium, of a Count Jlocarnio and I us wifo tor an atrocious irat rieido by the agcn:y of nicotine. This most deadly poison is tho essential principle cf tobacco. Orfila, (says the Pans corres pondent of tho Journal of' Commerce,) tho celebrated lexicologist, has just lectured upon it, and thu trial has given birth also to several medical dissertations on the same bject. Virginia tobacco yields tho largest portion of nicotine; from twenty pounds extracted four hundred grammes of ison: a gnuiuno is equal to lfi.-M I troy. Tho Maryland leaf affords third of that quantity. Nicotino i powerful and rapid as prussic acid imal economy. Five or six drnjxs 'io tongue of a dog kille 1 it in The convulsivo motion was Amkkican Siiawi. Mamufactorv. j I'he Bay Slate Mills have recently sold 100 cased, numbering nearly or quite 5000 shawls, for the Canada market, to u regular dealer there, who can uf ford to pay a duty of 12 per cent., and sell Ins goods alongside ot British pro ductions at a profit. Hie production of shawls from some of the principal mills the current year will bu ns follows : James Hoy & Co, nearly nil long shawls of beautiful designs, 30,000 ; Bay Slate Mills, the great pioneers of this work, 38o,000 ; Waterloo Company, 22,000 ; Kmpire Stale Mills, 30,000 ; Pcacedale Mill, Duncan & Cunningham, and one or two smaller makers, say 25,000; making a total of 45)2,000 or nearly half a million of the medium nnd belter class of goods, produced in this country in a single year. Acwark Advertiser. SEPTEMBER ELECTION, 1831. SEPTEMBER ft, WIIIO NOMINATIOMS. For Governor, CHARLES K. WILLIAMS, For. Lieut. Governor, JULIUS coirvunsB. For Treasurer, GEOFIGE HOWES. RUTLAND COUNTY. For Senators. John Ckowi.uy, of Mt. llully. James K. Hyde, Sudbury. Emsiia Lapiiam, Dauby. For Jadycs of County Court. S. U. KKM.ooa, Tittsford. Hakni'3 Fkisiikl', Middletown. For State's Attorney. Waiikkn II. Smith, of Rutland. For Sheriff, Jacob KijOEIiton, of Rutland. For High Bailiff. Levi Biucus, of Brandon. Juclije of l'rolalt for Dist. Rutland. IIakvkv Button', of Wallingford Judge of Prolate for dist Fairhaven. Ai.asso.v Au.EN', of Fairhaven. WINDSOR COUNTY. For Se7iator8. Wakhe.n Cuiuukr, Daniet, L. Lyman, Asa B. Foptkii, CnosnY Miller. For Judges of the Comity Court. Hamdem Cuits, Calvin French. For Sheriff. Lorenzo Richmond. For JUgh Bailiff, Silas Warren. For State's Attorney, Warren C. French. For Judges of Prolate, Salmon F. Dutton, John Porter. ami we can see no lould not bu n and a more perfect union of tin Wbig party cement ed. Self-preservation u a party, nnd the best interest! of tho country, de mand tlila of us. " It is not to be expected that the members of any party can nil ngrce upon every measure, any nioro than they can be brought to believo alike ns to the popularity or fitness or persons named ns candidates ; nnd while care should be taken to give ns little offence as possible In the selection of candidates, the wefker party should ncquiesco in the decision of the majority. " Likewise, in laying down a platform of principlo upon which to stand, we should endeavor to reconcile whatever differences may exist, and npproacli ns nish to unanimity ns wo can. If there bu differences which cannot be recon ciled without making nn open breach, it ! is far better to allow such questions lo remain in abeyance, neither party pressing their peculiar views upon the other. We do not menu by this, nor does such a result naturally follow, that each party is lo make those questions of difference tlio subjects ot heated contro versy. No man who is a true Whig, and who wishes the party success, will thus act : but on thu other hand, he will do whatever he can to heal divisions nnd prevent quarrels. This is precisely the ground taken by our New iork friends. " We express these views now, bo- lhupu mi; nun- la iiijiiuij iijjfi u.tbii.u, when it is to bo decided whether Whig principles nre lo rule our Slate, or whether we are to lmve another year of misrulu nnd corruption, like unto the tmst. For one. bavins' been an ey witness of the Into proceedings of our Legislature, and seen the workings of a coalition based upon the cohesive power of public plunder, we nre satisfied that tho good name nnd best interests of tho Commonwealth imperiously demand bo restoration of the Whigs to power. a result, is too npjmrcut to all. With them, the deplorable consequence sure to follow by such, in annexation (the peace and bnrmony of our own aation and the future welfare and prosperity of its. people,) are lost sight of rn their one anxiety to add to their immediate pecuniary interest by strengthening and extending the area of slavery. With such, no sympathy can exist among the right-minded freemen of tlio North. And as but little hope can becnter tained that Cuba can immediately emerge from her present condition into u state of real independence, we can feel but little confidence in her present attempt under the auspices of those who would now render her "aid and comfort.' 1ST The New York Day Boole thus shows what effect tho new law ngaii gambling, is having : The immediate effect of the law has been a general closing of the policy of fices, and the closing of most of the pub lie gaming houses. Yesterday, the household furniture of the gaminghouse next door below Ihe Broadway labor nacle, was sold nt public auction, nnd the place closed. Wullis's gaming-house in Murray street is closed, nnd is lo re-open in Jersey City. The house in Park Place, long known as "Jack liar rison's ' wns closed nt 12 o'clock on the night of the 31st of July, and will not be re-opened. ' Sam Suydani " in Bar clay street, has sold his furniture, nnd report says, is about to leave for 1'ai rope. The house where the young B.i vnrian lost the money, which induced him to commit suicide a few days since in Ilobokcn, is nlso closed, ns well ns some of the other houses in Broadway. The sporting men who hnve lately had a brisk game iu Park Row, were going it, ns usual, yesterday, but we under stand that our "efficient Chief "will be A number of "am " And there is but one way in which ArA w...1 lit. nnnr.mni:1..l .i .w : i. ii,n,.,i. r,i.ot after them to-day, (till tllllli 113 VJ U UlWtWIIII UIIIUII Ji IMU !.. . party, in every county, town and school , h ,mve &y left town in disgust, district in the State. We know that our 1 and score of those who have long lived opponent are already at work-that J hovering about faro banks will now ihnv nre takinrr the most active n.eas- , 00 compeiieu io sioui or worn ures to unite theiiMliscordant materials, and lo retain their power." in Tub j.ate Mis. Day. Mr. Joseph Day, who committed suicide on board the Atlantic, when a few days out of Liverpool, in n fit of delirium, was a native of Portland, and previous to tak ing up is residence in Boston, was an extensive merchant in .Matanzas. He was unmarried and was possessed of a large property. Nearly two thousand emigrants arrived at New lork on tho 4th inst. The Bowery Theatre, which was ad vertised for sale at auction next Wed nesday, under a judgment of Si0,000, will not be sold, ns Hr. Ilamblin has succeeded in satisfying the demand. NEW POSTAGE. The following will hereafter be the rates of postage on tho Herald : In the County of Rutland, FREE. Out of tho County and not exceeding fifty miles, Five Cents per qunrter. Over fifty miles and in the State, or not exceeding three hundred miles, Ten Cents per quarter. All subscribers to this paper, will hereafter be furnished through the MAIL. Under tho now law, and as the can vass for the next Full Elections is just to open, we are in hopes to receive an additional number of new subscribers. Terms as usual, 81,25 in advance, 81,50 at the oxpirntiou of the year. GaT Subscribers, and others, on tho Post-route from West Rutland to Dan by Corners and who wish to receive tho Herald at their own residences, rather than at the Post offices on the route, can do so by arranging for the paper with Mr. Long, the mail-carrier, who will hereafter be prepared lo deliver them on his regular trips. '' llOU "- . rI!X.. ..rosa iv . a.r!rcu Y.;,QvitneY-, to )ik. On Thursday of was discovered by the eiv I train on the upjver soc i River Railroad lying the train was stopped, off. On the return iu on the track and This was abo re enger trains, and ' hill and locked Soctiikun Items. The Louisville Courier states that a largo number of young men have left, or are preparing to leave that vicinity, to volunteer lor thu Cuba expedition. Charleston, S. C, papers state that Senator Rhett is stumping the Stale in favor of secession. The Sherifi'ha3 summoned 300 arm ed citizens, in addition to a military company, '.o be under arms at Chester town, Maryland, on t lie day of the ex ecution of the murderers of Ihe Cos den family. Tho Democrats of the Third Dis trict of Maryland, have nominated Ed ward Hammond for re-election to Con-dress. 1'ost OrncE ukyknue. we nre gratified to learn that the accounts for the quurter ending March 31, 1851, which have just been settled at the Post Office Department, show that the net receipts of postages during that quarter, amounted lo 81,723,828 43 For the corresponding q'r of 1850 the amount was 1,402.105 04 THE UA'IOX OP TB WHIGS. . ...a Verm- .i Tbc rr, to vuw hiatal VMt 'lit had not a Now there having a d in rail '. Now ''., and ; it aro 1 -cti- Showing an increase of S2C1,CC2 7'J or of about 17 3-4 per cent. Should the receipts of the last quar ter of the fiscal year (the accounts for which will not be fullr settled till Oc. j lobor,) show n similar increase, the rev enue account for the year will exhibit the gratifying increase of 18 per cent, neai ly. Xationul rnttlli'jencer. orenco (Cf" It is slated that among Ihe mil lion of farmers in the United States, there is not one Je'w. This is a singu lar fact if true. The ancient Jews were 'ral people, a ub.. . TUCossi--T. ... rcforct cxrat, to 7qLdc eajs .v0 g'.v m pawed over Wan- rftfrs lVS on ot Aug $vb A severe haiU.o.. or.,1. ull., de ..In Una csnit embrace " . y 0 , nnJ uWPW hZ--o l 1 Waving crops wiihin its runt., . ' r The spirit of union at present wit nessed throughout the country, is in the highest degree gratifying and gives a most glorious earnest of the success that sueli action must secure to the party. The following notice of the recent action of the Whigs of New York, from the Boston Atlas, will meet with a hearty response from all quarters. What Ihe Atlas says of New York and Massa chusetts, may as well be faid of Ver mont, and every other Whig State. " Tho union fcrmed by the Whig Committees in New lork, is one of those events which, while it gives ad ditional strength to tho Whig party in that Mate, will send a thrill of joy uirougn every w tug heart in tlm coun try. The t'rmo has indeed fullv come when tho jarring elements in tho Whig ranks should cease, and n spirit of bar- raouy nnd good fellowship prevail. The Whig party has nothing to rely upon. save the intrinsic merits of the cause which it espouses and the devoted zeal of its members. The Democratic party would much rather unile, as it before has done, with the Free Soil party than with tho Whig party, and the Free Soil party finds a willing associate in the so called Democratic party. Both are op jwsed to Ihe Whigs, and if the Whigs shall suffer their ranks to bo broken by internal discorJs, they will become nn easy prey to the combined forces of the Opposition. " It is useless to deny that there has been, and doubtless is, a diversity of sentiment in ihe Whig ranks, in regard to certain measures of public policy. But Ibis diversity of opinion is a natural re sult where opinion is free, and where difference of position and interest exists; yet looking over Ihe field calmly nnd diipassionately, we find that much of he excitement which at ouo time exist- CUBAN INTELLIGENCE. The later news from Cuba, though extremely vague and contradictory, is at least sufficiently deffinitc to wurrant the conclusion that the revolutionary ball " is fairly set in motion, and that the revolutionists hope for a successful termination of this their struggle for freedom. Whether history, however, will hereafter dignify this movement with the name of revolution, or pass it over in coming time ns n mere rebellion, depends, of course, on the success of the the insurgents in their present move ments nnd whether it is to prove a Texas or a Canada affair remains to be socn. But be this ns it may, there is at pre sent a deep interest excited throughout the country in regard to this matter; and the hopes expressed vs to its ter mination, are, of course, ns varied as are the different degrees of sympathies manifested in behalf of the patriot in sui gents. That the Creole population (tho producing clas3 of Cuba,) have abundant reason for the present move ment, and full cause for wishing them selves free of the Spanish yoke, is not doubted by any one in any way ac quainted with tho exactions and tyran nies of the Home Government ; and there is no American, possessed of the least spark of republican principle, but would rejoice to see bis Cuban neigh bors successful in ridding themselves of frj Mock Auctions continue New York, and ever and anon, some credulous simpleton from the country is made a victim. Ihe Commercial Ad vertiser states that a day or two since, a physician from the. Western country walked into a Mock Auction store in Broadway, and seeing an apparently magnificent gold watch about to be dis posed of at a ruinous sacrifice, made a bid of - twenty dollars, at which sum it was promptly knocked down to him. Not having sufficient funds upon his person, he left his own gold watch, as security for the performance of his part of the bargain and hastened to his liotef, where he communicated his good for tune to his wife, and replenishing his purse, hastened to return for his prize. He paid the twenty dollars, and was about to leave the store, when a friendly bystander politely requested to look at his purchase, and thereupon informed him that it was worthless, and advised him to endeavor to exchange it with the auctioneer for another watch. The innocent doctor finally prevailed upon tho auctioneer to make nn exchange, and received in lieu of the glittering pinchbeck, a common silver watch, worth, perhaps, 6cvcn or eight dollars. After taking counsel, he concluded to make a complaint nt the office of the Chief of Police ; but alas I the very measure which had saved him from to tal loss, prevented any redress. Hav ing made the exchange, he was prcclu ded from proceeding criminally, and was left to console himself with the re flection that he had purchased twelve dollars worth of experience. followed in all future time. Wc are of those who bold that a soldier is bound lo obey hi superior., in every thing relating to order oad discipline, but at the satns time, we are totally opposed to the exercise of arbitrary power in. the matter of conscientious religious con victions. We believo that private Dug- gan has at much right to enjoy his re ligious convictions and to act up to them, as any officer in tho army, and that to punisn a man tor declining to give up io ins uincer ms rengous uenci is a gross violation of the law. Sir. Duggan neted in accordance, not only with the Constitution and law of America, but with enlightened public opinion. We are thankful to Mr. Conrad for seltinc aside Hum unjust sentence, and for throwing tho weight of his name nnd tho influence of his position on the side of civil and religious liberty. Indiana Elections. Indianapo lis, Aug. 5th. In tho 4th district, bamucl W. Farkcr (whig) is elected to Congress by 580 majority, over Julian the Free Soil democrat. In the 5th district, Hondricks. the dcui. candidate for congress has 15,00 majority over Rush, whig Warren" county sends one whig and one democrat. Cass and Welsh coun ties send democrats. The whigs had only one member of the delegation from Indiana in the last Congress Mr. McGaughey, who is a candidate- lor re-election. 1 lie election. The election of Mr Park er, over Julian, is a whig gain. Kentucky Election. Tho Lou isville district is still in doubt. Farther returns havo increased the probability of the election of Marsh all. Boyd is certainly elected in tho first district. In the eighth and tciUli district, Breckciibri.lgc and Stanton, demo crats, aro reported olectcd. Tho returns receivod -for Governor indicate a very close run. If the report of Brcckcnridge's e lection proves correct, he has beaten Combt by 500 majority. In he 2nd district a whig is elect ed. In the 5th district, one whig and one democrat is elected. The latest returns for Governor allow a laroo pain for the democrat. ic candidate. Alabama Election. In tho 8th district, Ii&nderdale county, as far as heard from tho Union candidate for Congress, is 220 ahead of Hubbard, the secessionist candidate. The Un ion Whig candidate for Stale Senator has ITS majority. TO A ORDMBLINO fUBBCRlBER, A frn toll pttron ( IheSiMtinti.. folltelr I'l l Ui "Mud tht (hint lo Ml A Omul? hint. 'Tit proptr, wt conbM, Wllh chanp of rldnt I chnt Iht tihlreti T It haU b ieol, U Ckaron'i null will l It, Whir ih (utacrlbtr will t nn u ii It. Burl. Sentinsl. With nn eye to the ''main chance" and in view of the dreadful heresies of the Sentinel Saxt might Lave added i Aml wlwr M"U bt rat ttl tur Pt Co Iht rtal ami flnut r Innln( tlty. Aeeoiints from central Iowa, and some parts-ef Illinois and Wisconsin, stnto that the potato rolfe making sad ravages iu those localities. The bay crops in nil parts of New Hampshire arc stales! to be veny abund ant, and tin lnlter purl has been secur ed iu cood condition. Corn is back ward ; but winter wheat, rye, oats and potatoes aro vey promising. Counterfeit $10 bills of the Bank of Newbury, nt Wells River, Vt.. arc in circulation, payable to B. Wells, dated Jan. 1, 1S"1, signed Robert Harvey President ; O. C. Hale, Cashier. From the Boston Atlas. LIBERTY OP CONSCIENCE-TUB SECRETARY OV WAR. The. packet ship Devonshire, Cnpr. Ilovey, arrived at New York on Satur day morning, from London, brought as passengers for.seven Hungarians from Turkey, among whom aro several mili tary officers of rank under the provis ional Government of Hungary. If every man had n window in his own orcast, blinds would be in great demand. . lie is a good accountant who can cast up correctly the sum of his own errors. In Rutland July 22 Mr. George. S. Stewart nged 49 years. In Mention July 21st Olivet Ford a ged Gl. Printers in New York nnd Michigan please notice the fame. A Court Martial was recently held at Fort Columbus, (N. Y.,) for the trial of foreign domination, and in placing of a soldier who is a Roman Catholic. their beautiful and prolific island among The charge preferred against him was the free and independent republics of l',at h refuf.J attend a Protestant . ,,r ,f , i place of worship. His name was James the western world. With this feeling, rUL,a nmi 0P lh;9 cn-me ie was se. and with a reasonable hope of succoss, while they would sustain their own gov ernment in the most rigid maintenance cf the neutrality laws and her treaty stipulations with Opain, they would cry "Godspeed" to such adventurers as might choose to expatriate themselves to lend their aid to tbe cause Freedom in another field. But to many who look beyond the dissevcration of Cuba from Spain, nnd the establishment of a free government in the immediate vicinity of our own confederacy, this feeling of republican enthusiasm is materially dampened; and as they see, or think they see con sequences likely to follow, and which are so pregnant with danger to our own Union, the natural love for the cause of freedom is smothered in their breasts, nnd utterance is almost given to the si lent prayer that Cuba may remain in bondage and still be held as tho crown ing jewel in the diadem of her Spanish mistress. This feeling, nnd the dread of the future annexation of Cuba (em pbntically the strong hold of slavery) to the United Stales, is not lessoned by the over-zealous action of those who arc so evidently guided iu the prosecution of this cause, with an eye single to this result. That there are many in our own country lending aft their aid and influ ence hi Ibis revolutionary movement, witV the cle view to bring' about such tenced to forfeit to the United States S5 n month of his pay far six months, lo spend two months in solitary confine ment and on bread and wntcr, the other months at hard labor, with ball and chain to his leg. This sentence, which was in part ap proved by Gen. Wool, came up for re vision before the Secretary of War, the Hon. C. M. Conrad, and was by him set aside, as will be seen by the follow-in1:: " Wak Deiuutuent, Washington, July 15, 1851. j " Sir Complaints have been made to this department that a soldier at Fort Columbus, who was ordered, to nttend a Protestant church, and on his refusal to obey the order he was punished for diso bedience of orders. It is doubtful bow far an officer has the right to compel officers, and men under, his command, lo attend divine service;.. it is evident, however) that no one ought to be com pelled to attend a church of any other fiersuaaion than that to which he bel ongs. Every means of persuasion should be employed to induce soldiers to attend some church, but ihey should be permitted to select the cue they pre fer. And when they profess to have conscientious scruples about attending any particular church, all compulsory measures violate tbe rights of conscience and should be avoided. " Yery respectfully, " Your obedient serv'r, C. M. Combad, Sec. of War. Brevet Maj. Gen. J. E. Wool." Every friend of civil and religious liberty will cordially respond to the let ter of the Secretary of War. He bas viewed Ibis act in its proper light, and let n example which we bop will k Murder inGeougbvili.e. Body Found Iv lake Mbupiiremaqoo. Tho body of Mr. Burdette Sprague, who disappeared mystcrionsly about ono year since from the vicinity of Gcorgevillc, C E., was found in Lake Mcmphremagog, on Wednesday last. Mr Spraguo was a resident of Stans- teau, wc behove, which place he lelt for Gcorgevillc a day or two before his disappearance, and was supposed to have had in his possession about $2000. Ue is known to hare started to return to Stanstcad, and to havo stopped at a house a few coils from George villo. lhis.was the last he was seen. He there stated that he .had been followed from tho latter place by two men, who he doubtless supposed intended to rob him. Upon finding tho body ,a jury of inquest was called, which came to the conclusion that he was murdered. His throat was cut from ear to ear. These are Bomo of tho particulars as we havo heard them i About 300 Scotch immigrants from tho Island) ot bkye, arrived m Sherbrooke, during the past week. They are fishermen .from the estates of Lord somebody ,who is said not only to have forgiven them a large dept, but paid their passage to Quebec They are intending to work on the rail- roau for the present, but we believe are destined ultimately for the Govern ment settlement east of this. Sher brooke Gazette. Mr. Greeley in his last letter mcnt ions an amusing incident that occurred to him when travelling in Savoy ho was charged more for his breakfast then his'neighbors,nnd ventured to ob tain a solution of tho mystery as fol lows : "Neighbor,why was I charged three francs for brcakfast.and tho rest of you but two and a hall V " Don't know perhaps you. had Tea or Coffee .' "No Sir don't drink'either Then perhaps you, washed your face and nands." " Well, it would bo just like me." "O, then, that's it ! The half franco was for tho basin and towel." "Ah, out, out. So the milk in, that cocoanut was accounted for-" FRANSLIN HAIA. Friday Evening, August 6th. Mil W A I.LETT the greVl Kngliah Jritrr, in conjunction with Mr. J. C. KAinrt' deservedly fnr-faiued NEW ORLEANS SKHENADERS, will Irnv the honor o("p pearing together iitueir morn), cboale anil inimitable Entertainments on llio above eve. niiig, with Songu, Ulccn, Refrain, DuctU Dancing, Ac, " Ktnderlng a fruit o( Rtaaao. Willi allow ofaoul." MR. W AIj LETT AT HOME, will ri:n ma budget run the million. 11 thnaa now laugh who nrrcr laaihed bafura, AiHlltioia who always laughad, now laugh lha mnr, Wit, Fins Fancy, never (tiling fund a'' Merriment and Joy ; Storiea untainted with alloy oi duiibla meaning, that would cire of fence or cause blush upon the cheek of modesty. A merrier mm wllliln tin llmlia of htenmlnt mirth, I ntreri'ianlan hour Is laek withal. HSulitpiart. Doors open at hnlf past seven o'clock; Con cert will commence at eight, 'rickets 25 ets. Aug ul U. W. 11. SMITH, Attorney and Counsellor at Law, AND SOLICITOR IN CIIANfiERT, (Rutland, Vermont.) Russia and Cikcasiia. A rumor of terrible disasters suffered by the Kus ian army iu Caucasus it prevalent. The Generals NeutorofT and BereblacoS are said to have been entirely defeated, and the whole army to have fled to the plains of Tiflis, after having lost a num.- oer oi men ana ammunition. AH posi tions gained by the utmost efiort ka been given up, so neither tho roads nor Highways, nor the burning down of the woods, were of any two. Whether this information is true, or exaggerated, or entirely false, bas not yet been ascertained. I Poetry is the music of thought convey. )ei lo us in tho music oflanguBe, STATE OF VERMONT, ) Bo It remcmbtred District of Rutland, ss. $ that at ipeciat session of the probate court holden at Rutlnnrl in and for said Distrirt of Rutland, on the 5ll day of Auguit . D. IC51. rrefcnc, lion, iiuttcj uuuun, juugc. Whereas Georcc W. Topliff. administrator of the estate of ftcuben Gates late of Sher- bure in said district decease? intestate, has this day applied to the said Probst Couit, proposing to render aa account of his admin- Itnrauuii ui vaiu csiai' Therefore it is ordtred by the said t.nri that the examination of id account for allow aoca und the decrees of the balance of assets In hU haiid.4 to tho persons entitled thereto be and the nuie aro hereby referred t a stated ses sion of raid court to bo held at the office of the Register of said Court in Rutland, in acid District on tbe lit Monday being tbe 1st ds;of Sept., 1851, and notice thereof be given hy pnblishing a certified copy of the record of this order three weeks successively previous thereto in the Rutland Herald, a newspaper printed at raidttutland and circulating in Hie neighbsrkoed . ortlioe interested, in order that all persona In terested therein may theu and there appear be foro said court and object to said aesoant tad docreca if ttey tee cause. A truo copy of record. HENRY HALL. Register. STATE OF VERMONT, ) TE it remein. Dbtrict uf Rutland, ss. t JO bered that at a special acselon of tbe probate eourt of tha said district of Rutland held at Rutland lr-nd for said dirtrict ou the 23lb day or July A.i. 1851. Proient, Hon. Harvey Button, Judge. Whercaa, a certain instrument in writing dated the 7tli day ol Jure A 1). 1648, purport ing to be the last will and testament of Oli ver Ford late of Mtudon in said district de ceased, has been presented to the said Pro bate Court by Henry Ford, the Executor therein named in order that the said instru men may be duly proved and allowed by sd court as said last mil and testament. Therefore, It is ordered by aaid court that probate and allowance of said inatrumenl as arid laat will and testament, be and they here by are referred to a stated session of the 'd Probate court lobe held.at the office of the Register ot'nd court in Jutland in sad dia trict on the 1st Monday, being tbp 1st day, of September Jl. P. and that notice there of be gtven by publishing a certified copy of the record of this order three weeks succsss iiely previous thereto ia tho Jutland Herald, a newspaper printed at said Rutland in order, that all persons Interested therein may Usei) and there appear before aaid court and can test Hie Probsts) sad aljowan'pe aforesaid, if they see cause. A true cony of record, HENRY HALL. glittr. J W COMMISSIONER) NOTICE K lb subscribers belne appointed by tbaflae . Prolyl. Court.for llis Pltlilcl el Kulland tm. missionerato receive, examine and adjust all claims and demands of all neraon airains'i .the estate of David Grifliith late of Dsnby. in it.- unmet, ureenca,iepresenusa insolvent, and 6 month front the iJHlh day of June IKil beingallowrd by aaid eourt for I hat pur pose, we do therefore hereby give notice Ifaa. we will attend to the business of our said sp pomtmerit at the dwelling housed ol Lewis Griffith in Dsnby on the 1st day of Novem ber next, from Oo'clock A. M. uutil 4 o'. clock , M , on each f said days. 125l"ed l t,,,by th.'" fi'r' V3 f Ju,y ' BENJ. EARNESI 1 Commission. J M FISH, J era. 30 Fiahing Tackle, j B-,?K8,.T,0.ut r,ie; Lire'e Tioot n1 Pickers! Heeks, a niw supply just rs.