TUUItSDAY, JAN. 3, 1861.
o.u-4 J"ro ?. arrives at 2 0 P. M
""A"1"" "unuern way, closes at SISfl P if
Kailroad time, arrivB.it if A m"
INSW York Through m.i; i.J . . " . ? A ,
Albany and B. fcSrUJ&-ffi ,? 8
Troy k Wurn Vt" WarBSTS: S 11 S'
Kailroad time arrives at llTx) V m
j miu closes at a wr.u
. , . KailroaaUme, arrives atia.tOif.
wvauui luiu oi. ouuns uui eicwes at 10.00 a m
Railroad time. ArrivAa Aia'e .
Woodstock Way Mail closes Inesdavi Thuradav .
and Saturdays .t 1 80 P. M. uay, mursdaj t
Woodstock way nan arrives Mondays, Wednea
day and Fridays at 2 00 P. M. " eanes
Offioe hours trom 7.80 A. M., till 7.00 P. M Sun
days, open from 12 00 M. to 1.00 P.M.
SPECIAL NOTICE- t
Letters for Mails by Kailroad or Stage must be In
promptly at tte advertised hour for cloning.
' ' I- McDANlKLif, P. M.
Rutland, Deo. 4, 1860.
It is. or should be, a cause of great thank
fulness that the people of the United States,
of the present generation, know little or noth
ing of the practical workings of incipient trea
son, and that they have heretofore had no-
experience in the desolating consequences of
revolution. This knowledge and experience
is likely now to be supplied. In view of the
present position of afFuru at Washington we
nave but little to encourage us in the hope of
a peaceful solution of the difficulties which
now surround us. "King Cotton" has erected
his crest ; the pro-slavery propaganda have
issued their edict ; honest free labor is de
nounced, and the irrepressible conflict of a
much older date than that alluded to by Mr.
Seward, in h;s Rochester speech, is to be
brought into an interlock. In entering upon
this contest it is of the utmost importance that
we of the North, and the Republican party
especially, should present ourselves with clean
bands and pure intentions. What do we
present to the pro-slavery propagandists ?
The Chicago platform. What do they ask
of us? An entire surrender of the principles
of the early fathers. In view of this present
state of affairs, where shall stand the true
representative man of New England ? The
elder Quineey on a certain occasion said that
he knew of but one thing worse than war
, and that was the dread of it ! So of secession.
We have long been educated to the idea that
secession the dissolution of. the Union was
political death! How does the matter look to
us now, as presented? There seems to us no
death in the case. Ilurke says in regard to
the compact of a State that there should be
something better than a partnership agree
ment in a trade of pepper and coffee, calico
and corn, rice and tobacco, and so we look
upon the solemn compact of the United States
constitution. So say we ! While the South
are talking to us of our personal liberty bills,
and while their toad-eating, doughfaced allies
at theNorth are encouraging them on in then
attack upon us, is it not proper that we should
interpose some of their own acts which are in
direct violation of constitutional law ?
In our issue of Nov. 15, we took especial
pains to show to our readers the gross injus
tice dono to New England by the South Car
olina act ol 1822 in regard to the imprison
ment of free blacks from the North. We at
the time had not the especial act before us
we have it now, and here it is :
"Sue. II. If any vessel shall come into
any port or harbor m this State, from anv
o.tner state or foreign port, hating on board
any free negroes, or persons of color, as cooks,
aiuwcii us, mariners, or m any other employ
"udiu oi saiu vessel, sucn tree ne
groes or persons of color shall be liable to be
seized and conhnad in jail until satu vessel
shall clear out and depart 'from this State ;
ana that when said vessel is ready to sail, the
captain ot said vessel shall be bound to carry
away the said free negro or free person ol
co or, and to pav the expenses of his deten
tion and in case of his neglect or refusal to
do so, he shall be 'iableto be indicted, and on
conviction thereof, shall be fined not less thai
tmouu, ana imprisoned not less than twe
months; and such free negroes or persons ot
color shall be deemed and taken as absolute
slaves, and sold in conformity to the provi
sions oi tne act passed Dec. 20th, 1820."
Now, in opposition to this act, we presume
to oiler the constitutional provision unde?
article 4, seciion 2d, of the original compact :
" The citizens of each State shall be enti
tled to all privileges and immunities of citi
zens in the several States." Well might
Burke say that there was something beyond
"cotton and calico" in this programme or an
other that shall hereafter come in the historj
of our country. Well might a new Buiki
arise to set bac k and controvert the present
position of atlairs. But as we have no indica
tion of a new Burke, let us look for a mo
ment upon an old Washington.
In the days of the dUturbar.ce in Massa
chusetts, known as the Shay's rebellion, an
appeal was made to the Father of his Coun
try something after the fashion of the present
day. Personal influence was wanted. Per
sonal influence is wanted to-day. Let us see
what Gen'l Washington thought of personal
influence in the day of insurrrection in Mas
sachusetts. He was appealed to as gre.tnien
of to-day are appealed to, to ictSfpose theii
influence. Gen. Washington responds as fol
"You talk, ray good sir, of employing influ
ence to appease the present tutmt in Mas
sachusetts. I know not where Vnat influence
is to be found; nor, if attaiaue that it would
be a proper remedy ff thoge disorders. In
Jiuence is not -overnimnt. Let ua have a
government whbh Qur hve8( liberties and
r-i i i .
.ties will be secured, or let us Know tut
.urst at once.
"Let the reins of government then be
braced," he continued, "and held with a
steady hand, and every violation of the Con
stitution be reprehended. If defective, let i'
be amended ; but not suffered to be trampled
"TUponmluk it has existence.
." tt ' Fftyr. r... .!. .1
where. arr j?reent Washingfoti's .
MCrDKR aTTrot. O n the evening of
the 21th ult., (Chrlsfmas'-'Eve) Mf: Horace
B. Sargent was struck down with an iron bar
in the streets of Troy, N. Y., by an assassin
who approached him from behind and dje(
from the effects of the blow in about five
hours. lie was walking homo with some sil
ver ware, etc. The even'.ug was very clear,
the streets were full of people, and at but a
short distance, a Krge congregation was as
sembled in St. John's Church. A young man
walking with two ladies on the other side had
his attentnn attracted by a man leaning over
a prottvate form, saying "get up, I shan't stay
Ler all night." He crossed over to render
assistance when the man fled, and the murdei
was discovered. The murderer had felled
his victim with a bar of iron, on the head,
had robbed him of his watch, pocket
book amd all, and had escaped, in this public
and daring manner. ' The real murderer ha
not been arrested, although rewards of $2,500
are offered by the mayor and governor, and
the friends of the deceased. Mr.. Sargent was
a native of Fort Aun, N. Y., was about 34
years of age, and had be jn for the past twelve
or thirteen years in the employ of the Eens
salaer & Saratoga Railroad Company. He
leaves a wife and two children.
Exciting intelligence from Charleston, in
relation to the forts in the harbor, has been
the principal matter of interest from the new
kingdom for the past week. Fort Moultrie
has been abandoned by Maj.' Anderson, who
ha retired with his command to Fort Sum
ter, first spiking the guns and burning their
carriages.- Accounts of tha movement will
t fcuod eliewtere ia oar columns. '
JZ fBES0 treason
Washington, Old Point Comfort
Washington, Old Point Comfort, &a, to j west of thToldMasoX iiaTbuilZg, halYf
The Rt,,? e( I late beea thoroughly repaired, re-modelled
conclfr.l ? i En(Ter' f date, ; and converted into an upper and a lower ten-
cZml! nthe 8UbjeCt f sendin I ment b' it3 m Mr." Jn Duubar, of Lud
ftE to th! Ctt0n States with tLe : low w purchased it some two years since.
UttL 7 T menaat,.on :
tween Marvland and vE ' T , eld be"
states" agreeing let thlm Z ' Xl "lue w 0
Ti -I! TP X.. "c"' proviae sufficient
coerc on U to ha o. " ' , . ir"". nuu "
nK-..: :L- e",BU,l'Ll' let t lirin wi
ota.tes of Maryland and Vir-
the Union will prevent tlT
Union frr,m f.,11: " I" '"e P0W Ot the
m na " ---....o vi
ui" into tlift hanHo
sehL?3 iP firSt' d Priding for the
rfL "klWt0n Old Poll Hal
these two States in iTlQP Yard, present
. : "- wintuut: or 7 ffjfirv
cury Drought abount tha W,i .,; "a
raiiAn4.i- m - waua,auaam nun '
this 13 tha . i-
commissions pf aU kinds. " Z
MV, , uw laar V mnnii 1 r
WHAT MR. PDQH EEMALXS IX THE HOUSE
Mr. Pugh, member of C.nn. a
JTSil-'iT" 5 hU COnstituen confess
es that his "sole object in attending the meet
ings of the House is to promote tl o l
secession." Hethsn m,u.i.- , , .
- After doin. all nZ 7" :.uecIara,,? 8
speedy deliverance ofTheZr
from the -hraldom of an atol T PC
iDffton. nevpr or; t ui '
ngton, never again to ret;"U:7 -'.A0'
SECESSION IX TENN ESSEE.
lhe Philadelphia Press r-,a;.,.i a.
I . - me ioi-
,u",u "ems among its snu,.;i
from Washington :
1 he battle for the Un
Inn I fT
Bell and Dou
las parties, with many patriotic
w.,uvti joinea hands and
heroic defender of the coT
in 18o0, who Dursnwl tT "jra:ures
uuuci me leaueratiin nf c .
sharp a .stick through all theh
l ii W Ug,a9 was on his tour,) Wil-
J1, polk,Henry M. Waterson, and ml Z .
iu mane a tremendous strung to nrevent
lennessee from bein-r rPP;u,irr(r u.. A V, T 1
ton States. -v-ouuoi.
ANTI-SECESSION IX XOHTH CAROLINA
lhe Raleigh Standard has thn feiu-:-
significant paragraph :
We have m hand some fifty or sixty let
rs. from whmli Q :n "
next Tha I "',re extracts in our
next, lhe letters are from all narr nf th
State and from men of all parties1 The la
fuSaTuniLn"11 S? 00 f at it 5".
tutional Lnion. Friends write us that whole
counties are a unit against present s"J
and many of them, lifelon. ,w L! M..n'
strong terms condemn"the dLsun on tone
of the Governor's Message."
NO ENCOURAGEMENT FROM ABROAD.
lhe disunionists are meeting with no en
couragement from the crowned heads of Eu
rope A correspondent of one of the New
tal,rsasTn Writin" frm the federal caPi
" It is reported, on fatty good authority
that the agents of the secedrhave met with
a discouraging response from the government
ranee, which assures them that it can no
ScrtSiiTif1611 o the suthe-
tederacy till it -has been recognised by the
Union from which it has been separated
cdaredtha? v.1 akosaid tQC de
clared that such was the feeling anion- his
people, that he -should be ve?f reluctant
'" t8!" bVDtrng int -laLs wkh J
.a ion whose fundamental idea was the per
petuauon of slavery. Whether this be Sue
7nl ' tgfeS th the conclusions of a dis
ingmshed American who has lately returned
from turope, and who fbuna, in his inter
views with the monarchs of all the reat
institution of the South. . TI.S news om
t ranee, in addition to the manifestations of
the British press on secession, has had a do
pressing effect on the disunionists. They
reckoned without their host on receiving aid
A WARX1.NO FROM FLORIDA.
The Tallahasse Sentinel concludes a long
article with this salutary counsel to the fire
" Many excellent and good citiaens will fa
vor Honda's seceding alone, but we cannot
hink that they have duly or rightly consid
ered the nature and consequences of the
J'ep. Once taken, it can newr ,
- ' '--w .c.uc'y-
jrvve, a& iceoeiieve it wilt, a faL
one,the consequences will long be felt. Y '
e do sincerely hope that our fellow cit; ,1"
will weigh this matter well, and that th '"
sei vative mass of the people, not bb 1(ied bv
passion or animositv towards n "
section, put it down by casting thr i, Js (r
.... o wu.mg eoiivear ,on onnosHfl
o so mad and ruinous a measij'
THE SECESSIONISTS AX'
The Boston Herald dec)
ares that the se
7,uu7 reau-y ae8.,re(1 , the election of Lin-
oin so mat tney might have a t for
tneir present conduct iIear the IJerald .
"doming wouia9ati8fj j,r. ya an(J
rhnHP who a i -toil w.t f . J
v n nun T I .h irlttatnn
ne ar'1(j tjjer went to ,jle con vc
rion to either Crrv their point or break up
thf. pnnvontinn. l i. ..... .
' y.tiuu yji
, . v. mi Kjiaw Oldies
in their $o ;hern Repul)li(. project. Tht,re.
. B 7, them now rejecting all comprom
ises anck overtures wi.ich are beinsr made bv
rhe aVorfh, and led on by Howell Cobb an.i
.,. 7 vjcuigia, xaiicey oi Aiaoama.,
Khe.tt a nrl nthuru rA SC...I, ! l:
and others of South Carolina, ami
mee'iing with no opposition from Mr. Bucha-
'a 1, these bad men are hurrying on to dn-
Vuction, vainly imagining that thev can
t lighten or bully the iiortb into a comoliance
ith whatever they may demand, be it evtr
soabsura. lhey are the more ready to be
lieve this from the ready acquiesence of pub
lie men and presses at the North, who have
been favored with public stations and Gov
ernment patronage, and who have, played
'he toady to their extravagant and over
bearing policy But to their surprise they
nave found out that these mr:n and these
presses at the North are powe rless, and have
deceived them, and they hav e become alarm
ed for their sefety. They 8ee that after the
ith ol March next taey v 1 no longer control
the Government patroo dlle to corrupt public
men and to control venal presses. They
find that the great byjdy of the people in the
tree States will mlUire of them a discharge
of those constitutional obligations which the
constitution, impjses upon the people in the
Slave States, us well as the free. These are
'bti facts in the case, and it becomes the peo
ple to take, iriatters into their own hands and
protect themselves. The Union and the
Constitution must be preserved, and those
who undertake to destroy either should be
made to feel that they cannot do so with im
punity, but must suffer the penalty which the
law lmctoses upon treason and traitors.
Cab.l Schurz's Lecture. The lecture
of Carl Schurz on American Civilization,
delivered at the Town Hall on Monday eve
ning, was a gem of its kind, and fully sustain
ed his reputation as a scholar,and as one who
is thoroughly conversant with the history of
our own country and of the world. Owing
to a failure to get on board the train he in
tended, Mr. Schurz was detained several
hours, and did not arrive in Rutland until
about an hour after the time appointed for
his lecture to commence. On arriving at the
Hall, he in a few words explained the cause
of his tardiness, thanked the audience for
waiting so patiently, and then proceeded
with his lecture, which occupied about an
hour in the delivery. The Hall was well
filled, though not crowded, with the people
of this and adjoining towns.
NlCKWACKETT ExGIXE COMPANY. At
the annual meeting of Nickwacket Engine
Company No. 1, held on Saturday evening
last, the following officers were elected: J
B. Page, Foreman ; E. Reynolds, 1st Assist
ant; W. B. Thrall, 2d Assistant; Sam'l Will
iams, clerk; G. H. Palmer, Treasurer ; N. S.
Stearns, Foreman of Leading Hose ; .N. F.
Page, Foreman of Suction Hose. -
mi i .
i A portico has bfcen added to the front, and
! an additio of 11 feet by 26 has been budt at
; the south-west corner of the main building.
This addition belongs with the upper tene-
th i ment' ancl contains a front entrance, kitchen,
pantry ccc, with two stair-ways leading to
the rooms above and another to the cellar.
Wocd-houses have alo been put up, together
with a barn 20 by 28 feet, with a good cel
lar. Mr. I), has recently bought, and added
to the grounds, the lot where the chapel stood,
making now a front of some 80 feet of ground.
j The tenement, cellar, wood-house and all are
i entirely separate, the grounds and cellars are
lDOTOUgbli' Gained, and the whole work
seems to have been done in the best manner.
We do not know of two more convenient and
desirable tenements of the Und and of the
same size in our village. We 1 elieve they
are now about finished and ready to rent.
...Grand Concert. We are exceedingly
pleased to notice the fact that Prof. S. B. Ball,
of Boston, is to give a concert in Town Hall,
Rutland, on Friday eveuing, January 4th,
and that he will be assisted on this occasion
by Miss Louis C. Gask.pll, of our town, and
alsoljy the celebrated vocalist, Miss H. E. II.
Smart. Mr. Ball is the universally recog
nized best tenor of Ne England, and as to
Miss Gaskell she will give to the concert room
in Rutland an attraction such as is not usual
ly given here. Mr. S. C. Moore, of Burling
ton will preside at the piano, and those who
witnessed his performances at the late Musi
cal Convention in this place will not need to
be remindea of his accomplishments in that
Cards of admission twenty-five cents, to be
had of G. H. Palmer, Pond and Morse, E.
N. Merriam, J. B. Baldwin, and Chester
Doors fcpen at 7 lock ; concert to com
mence at half-past 7 o'clock.
The Ciiritsias Festival and Fair of
the ladies of Trinity Church, held at Town
Hall on Thursday evening, was well attend
ed and well patronized by our citizens gener
ally. There was the u.-ual fine array of fan
cy articles, many of which were really su
perb, and as to "refreshments" they were all
that could be desired. The Hall was finely
decoiated with evergreens; the Christmas
Tree, laden with presents for the children of
the Sjnday School and standing on the stag
ing at the west end of the Hall, was illumin
ated about T o'clock. The children were
then briefly addressed by Bishop Hopkins,
after which they joined in singing a Christ
mas caro.. and then came the distribution of
presents a.uong them.
We understand that the amount realized
from this Festival and Fair is something
over four hundred dollars.
The South Carolina Postal Service.
According to the correspondent of the N.
Y. Times, Postmaster-General Holt has sent
orders to the sub-treasurer at Charleston to
remit all the "balance--535,000, on the post
office account in bh p'jjsession, immediate
ly, to the credit of the department. If this
order is not complied with at once, he will
demand of'-tfie federal .so vera me nt to enforce
Ins orders.'' He is at. dcterurned, as before
otiggested. to suppress mail matter to and
from Soma Carolina, it" the mails are inter
fered with iu that Slate.
Masonic. At f lie annual elections of
Poultney Chapter and Morning Star Coun
cil, held Lice. 'Ji CD, tins roiiut a oiKc-rs were
elected lor the ensuing year :
Chapter. 11 J Haggles, II. P.; Henry
Ku;njles, K. ; II T Hull, S. ; Nelson Rinson
P.S.; B F N,al, Capt. of Host; J T Kid
der, II. A. C; I' II Fifieid, M. of 1st V. ; W
W Dong'.ass. M. of 2d V. ; A Salmon, M. ot
iid Y.; C C Ruggles, Secretary ; Edward
Council. Nel.-ion Ranson, T. I. G. M.
Edward Clark, R. I. G. M. ; P H Fifieid, I
G. M. ; C C R a.vgles. Recorder ; Frederick
Rugglcs, Treasurer ; Henry Rjggles, P C
B F JSeal, Capt. of G. ; Henry Clark , G. M
Great excitement existed at Pittsburg, Pa
last week in consequence of an attempted re
moval of 124 cannon from the arsenal there
to new and unmounted batteries near Ga
veston a.nd the mouth of the Mississippi river.
The guns are ten inch coln.ubiads, and carry
thirty-two nounders ; and carriages for them
are being made at Watervliet, N. Y. Th
order for their removal was made known on
Monday, when there was a popular outburst
of feelinn that the gu is should go to swell the
military equipments of the secessionists. The
feeling against allowing a gun to go was unan
imous, and a lanre meeting of citizens was
held on Wednesday to protest against it.
European news brings intelligence of peace
in China. The capture of Pekin was follow
ed by the conclusion ot peace, the return ot
the Emperor to that city and the evacuation
by the French and English troops. There
was a report that Garibaldi had be assassi
nated, but it was disbelieved. The English
papers announce that Col. Uunn of the Si
cilian army had been wounded in an attempt
to assassinate him, and the report probably
arose from that statement.
Rev. Mr. Balch ix Clarendon. The
people of Clarendon have done the commend
able and honorable thing thus far in the way
of providing lectures this season, by raising,
by subscription, an amount sufficient to de
fray the expenses of a course of ten free lec
tures to be d.-livered by the Ilev.W. S. Balch
in the Church at North Clarendon. Several
of these lectures have already been delivered.
They were, we believe, on the subject of his
recent travels in the East, and are said to
have been very instructive and interesting.
We are informed that tha time appointed for
Mr. Batch's next lecture is Tuesday evening,
January 8 th.
Compromise. The prospect of compro
mise by any line of policy that may be inau
gurated by the conciliation committees at
YVashington, is not encouraging. It is re
ported that the Senates committee have given
up in despair having held their last mooting.
In the House committee various propositions
have been made but nothing decided upon.
It is said that Mr. Floyd, Secretary of
War, is implicated in the frauds in the In
dian bonds. On Saturday Mr. Floyd re
signed his post as Secretary of War. He
based his withdrawal on the refusal of Presi
dent Buchanan to order the evacuation of
Foit Sumter. P. F. Butler of Massachusetts
is spoken of as likely to be his successor.
The South Carolina government has usurp
ed the business of collecting revenue, and
the government officials have transferred
In the Republican caucus at Albany on
Monday evening, it was annouced that Gen.
Scott had been appointed Secretary ot War,
whereupon the utmost enthusiasm ensued,
three hearty cheers even being given for Mr.
Mr. Seward is reported to have a speech
on the secession topic in preparation, to b?
delivered at an early day,
The Charleston Forts. TIib Wash
ington Star of Saturday evening has this cu
rious story of Major Anderson's shrewdness :'
"We hear that on Christmas day Major
Anderson dined formally with the secession
authorities chiefs in Charleston, and was
duly carried back to Fort Moultria by early
moonlight, apparently very much overcome by
the good things drinkable set before him.
Those in charge of the steamer posted in the
channel to watch his movements in the fort
therefore thought it would be safe for them to
relax their vigilance, and themselves take a
Christmas night frolic, and in the mid-it of
which Anderson and his force sp ked Moul
trie's guns and landed safely in Fort Sumter.
The apparent intoxication of Anderson was
but a feint to have the very effect it did
The Washington correspondent of the Bal
timore American says :
"Should Fort Sumter be attacked by scal
ing parties, as threatened, the destruction of
human lite will be immense. ' Without a
large number of boats and rafts to approach
it on all sides, there could be no prospect of
success ; and even should the river swarm
with them, three-fourths of them would be
sunk by the batteries of the fort before they
could reach the walls. The fort is covered,
is bomb proof, and can only be entered by
the embrasures, which an attacking force
must crawl through, one man at a time, and
hence two men at one ot these could tiefend
it against five hundred. Its very strength,
however, is a security against any attempt to
attack it, audso long as the flag of the Union
floats at the mouth of. the harbor, and the
President per orms his sworn duty to collect
the revenue, the secession of Sonih Carolina
will continue to be merely a secession on pa
per." It is said that Major Anderson has six
months provisions in Foit Sumter.
Rumored Sla.ve Rising ix Georgia.
The following dispatch, dated Macon, Ga.,
Dec. 27, is said to have been received by a
Georgia gentlemen in Washington:
"Rumors of a rising among the slaves in
the southwestern part of the State prevail
here. It is impossible to say with certainty
whether an insuriection has really taken
place, or is only threatened.
The greatest care is taken to keep the mat
ter secret, but most exaggerated reports are
whispered aloud in this town to-day.
There is certainly much excitement among
the negroes everywhere, and the occasiccal
rumor of fighting at Charleston makes them
restless ana very daugerous.
I am told that some are hastily getting all
things ready to send their wives and young
children to the North "
A Plan ok Settlement. A Baltimore
dispatch, dated Jan. 1st, says that city had
been in ajubilant state all day in consequence
of a private letter having been received from
Hon. Winter Davis, gi ing positive assurance
that the House Cmimittee of Thirty-Three
will present a unanimous report, embracing
an enabling act for New Mexico. No new
State is to be admitted without the consent of
all lhe States, and pledging tli3 repeal of all
personal liberty bills.
The legislatures of Pennsylvania arid New
York met on Tuesday last ; those of Maine,
Massachusetts, Maryland and Michigan met
yesterday ; those of Ohio, Wisconsin, Cali
fornia and Mississippi meet Jan. 7th ; that of
New Jersey on the 15th, and that of Indiana
oa the Thursday following.
Rumors are rife respecting the new cabinet
of Mr. Lincoln. It is sai I that he will sum
mon all the gentlemen he proposes to call to
it, to an interview. Last week Hon. David
Wilniot of Pa., visited Springfield, at the re
quest of Mr. Lincoln, au 1 it is therefore sur
mised that he is to be one of the new cabinet.
Masonic. At the regular communication
of Lee .Lodge No. 30, F. & A. M., held at
Hydeville Dec. roiu, .,. r ,, . n.
, , ' - Owlnwing odi
cers were elected :
Dr. II. F. Smith, W. M.
J. J. Kidder, S. W.
C. M. Judkins, .J. W.
C. T. Dake, Treasurer.
S. Allen, Secretary.
A. W. Stephens, S. D.
F. Ur. YY hitloek, J. D.
E. YV. Liddell, Tiler.
It is reported that Mr. YVilmot of Pennsyl
vania will take Senator Cameron's place,
should the latter go into Mr. Lincoln's Cabi
net. Hon. John Hickman is strongly rec
ommended as Senator Bigler's successor.
We would direct attention to the adver
tisement of the Cosmopolitan Art Associa
tion, to be found in another column.
" Selling off." Our friend and neigh
bor, Mr. J. M. Htven, is selling oil his stock
oi goods at auction, see his advertisement
in another part of to-day's paper.
The receipts of the Fair of the L i lies of
the Congregational Church, held in the Town
Mall, on lhursday evening of last week,
amounted to tour hundred and sixty doUars.
Not three hundred and fifty, as the Herald
has it. Courier.
The error was discovered and the figures
changed by us to S4,50, but not until a por
tion ot our edition had been worked oil' an 1
distributed about the village. It seems, how
ever, that our figures were too low after all ;
the receip's doubtless were very nearly, if
not exactly, as stated by the Courier.
Surgical Operation. Drs. Sanborn, of
this tewn, and Allen of Castleton, amputated
the arm of a lady from New York, on Sun
day last, on account of a rare f irm of bleed
ing cancer, which had attacked tha elbow
joint within a few months, and threatened to
be immediately fatal from hem norrhie.
The patient was entirely unconscious of the
operation, from etherization, and is doing
The President to be Impeaciied.-TIic
Washington correspondent of the N. Y. Her
ald, learns that the House of representatives
will offer articles of impeachment against the
President, if Major Anderson is interfered
with, on the ground that the act would be
treason, and calculated to precipitate civil
The Defalcation Committee. We
learn from Washington, that the committee
to investigate the great robbery, has taken
voluminous evidence, and promise a report as
large as Corode's. Gov. Floyd will demand
to appear before the committee, or send in a
statement in explanation of the course pur
sued. Dea. J. Eddy, of this village, killed a pig
a mnntha nld which weighed, when dressed,
Snow. Some four or five inches of snow
fell on Sunday night last, which, with what
was already on the ground makes fine
We have exciting and important advices
from Washington and the South which will
be found in our telegraphic column.
Vt. Central R. R. A meeting of the
First Mort"age Bondholders of this ro id was
held in Boston Dec. 12th, Henry Rice of
Boston in the chair.
J. V. Emery, for the committee appointed
last February to conduct the suits in which
the bondholders are interested, said that the
Chancellor of Vermont had decided that the
cost of the Vermont Central and Canada road
was $1,231,227 73, and that the amount of
rent due them from the Vermont Central was
616,683 28. This amount is less by $70,
000 than the amount claimed by the Ver
mont and Canada, an amount which accrues
to the benefit of the 1st Aaortgage Bondhold
ers. This suit is now pending in the highest
Court in Vermont, and will come up at St.
Albans on the 10th of Jacuary.
j FROM CHARLESTON.
Evacuation of Fort Moultrie ; Fort Sumter
! Reinforced ; Renewal of Excitement in
; X Char'eston, Dec. 27.
' Fort Moultrie was evacuated last night.
Previous to the "evacuation the guns were
spiked. The Fort is now being demolished
by fire. Ouly four soldiers were left in
charge. The troops have all been conveyed
to tort bmnter. Intense exciteraen prevails.
The Convention is in secret session.
It is only the gun carriages that are on fire
at Fort Moultrie. The cannon are spiked,
and it is reported that a train is laid to blow
up the Fort. This last report is d ta iled.
The excitement and indignation of the peo
ple is increasing.
Charleston, Dec. 27 12.30 p. m.
Major Anderson states that he evacuated
Fort Moultrie in order to allay the discussion
about that po-t,and at the same time strength
en his own position.
The military has been ordered out to pro
tect the magazines nd arsenals in this local
ity. It is reported that military companies
from the interior are en route here. I nave
iust had an interview with Capt. Foster, now
in charge ol Fort Moultaie. He says Ander
son has acted upou his cwn responsibility
Fort Moultrie his not been set on fire. Capt
F. is stid in command of Fort Aloulirie, with
a few regulars.
Charleston, Dec. 2H.
The Palmetto flag was raisetl early y s
terday afternoon, over the Custom House and
Post Office. At 5 o clock last evening, t
Palmetto flag was raised at Castle Pickney
A Urge military force went over last night to
take possession of lort Moultrie.
Fort Moultrie an I Castle Pickney were
taken possession of by the military of Charles-
tun, last night.
An ordinance eutitled " An ordinance to
amend the Constitution of South Carolina,'
in respect to the Executive Department, was
Dassed in the secret lonvention, yesterday
It provides as fjllows: First, that the Gov
ernor have power to receive Ambassadors,
MiuL-ters, Consuls and Agents of foreign
nowers, to conduct negotiations with foreign
powers, to make treaties by at d with the ad
vice and consent of the Senate, to nominate
all oilicers by and with the advice and con
sent f the Senate, to appoint Ambassadors,
Public Ministers, &c.
Charleston, Dec. 21
Capt. Humphreys still holds possession of
the A'senal. Castle Pickney and Fort Moul
trie are occupied by the State Troops under
the instruclior.s of the Governor of the State,
to hold peaceable possession of these lorts,
and for the purpose ot protecting tne gov
ernment nronerir. Castle Pickney and lort
Moultrie were held by alwut 12 men, who
neaceablv surrendered. 1 here was .no col
lision. None was anticipated when the troops
lt.fr this citv to uarrisou these forts. The ex
citement is subsiding.
Washin2tou, Dec. 28. The news of the
capture of Fort Moultrie aud Pinckney reach-
ed the liovernment wune tue aoinei meei
in" was beinulhcld. The South Carolina Com
missioners are in conference with the officers
of the Government, ana demand that the
troons shall be immediately withdrawn, and
unh-ss this is done they will return immedi
ately to South Carolina and p.-epare lor the
It is said that the South Carolina Com
missioner, in view ol the alleged stipulations
on the nart of the President that the garri
sons at Charleston should not be augmented
nor the military tutus of the posts changed,
remted the President to inform them wheth
er Mn'or Anderson's movement was by his or
the War Department skiers, jir. liucnau
an responded negative1, adding that Major
Anderson acted on his own authority, lhe
Cnmmiinnei e b,. niutrsteU the I'residiUt
i . remand Major Anderson to Fort Aioultrie.
but on this pom i the Caoia: fa-l mil OtMUe
tr a -luHM.il when it adiourueu
The Cabinet continued in session nearly
i a-JT ... u.1 until to
ll orrow. without coming to a conclusion with
reard to the South Carolina affair.
Major Anderson's proceeding is generally
ci miuen led for this among othei reasons:
That while the comparative weakness of Fort
Moultrie might provoke aa attack from
the mob, the impregnability of Fort Sumter
places it beyond such a contingency, as it can
be reduced only by a regular protracted siege,
thus avoi ling immediate collision
Washington, Dec. 2H. The result of the
Cabinet meeting has created great excite
As it was never stipulated or agreed by the
President that troops should be withdrawn
from the forts around Charleston harbor, the
Administration dues not consider itself under
anv oblina'ion to do so.
As to the request of the South Carolina
Commissioners tor the restoration ol the mill
tarv stor-s, this is considered by the larger
portion of the Cabinet as an impossibility
Secretaries Floyd, Thompson and Thomas,
who hold to' the constitutional right of seces-
ioii, were sepnated on the South Carolina
ouestion from their Cabinet associates.
There was no positive decision at the meet
ing to-lay, although the prospe t is certainly
not favorable to the Commissioners., and this
statement is strengthened by the fact that
Secretary i loyd to day n signed his office
It is said that Secretary Thompson would
also have resigned were it not that the inves
tigation is pending concerning affairs of the
Interior Department in connection with the
abstraction of the Indian Trust Bonds, an in
vestigation vhich he asked for in vindication
of his own honor and integrity
A report prevails that Secretary Thomas
has resigned, nut tins reruns irom ms lnuecis
ion as to whether he shall remain in the Cabi
net, and his generally believed earnest sym
pathy with Secietaay Floyd.
Washington, Dec. 30. The President ac
cepted Mr. Floyd's resignation yesterday.
The cause ot Mr. Floyd's resignation was the
refusal by the President to consent to an
order for the withdrawal of the troops from
Fort Sumter, lhe Secretary deemed such a
course necessary to prevent civil war and
bloodshed, and as there has been a mutual
understanding that there should be no change
n the condition of the forts in Charleston
harbor, and that South Carolina should not
make an attack upon the troops iu them or
otherwise interfere with the property of the
government, the movement ot Major Ander
son was entirely wrong, which could only be
repaired by withdrawing the troops.
Air. Floyd will soon return to Virginia.
It is not certain that Major Anderson will
remain at Fort Sumter. The troops may be
remanded to Fort Moultrie, provided that sat
isfactory assurances are given that they will
not be disturbed by the South Carolinians.
It is generally believed that ueneral Scott
submitted to the President several days since
plans for the blockade oi Charleston, and for
strongly reinforcing all southern garisons, and
suggesting other military preparations, which
it is said, were not received favorably.
New York, Dec. 30. The Washington
ispondent ot the Herald says that oecre-
that unless Major Anderson was withdrawn
he should resign. Gen. Butler of Massachu
setts, it is thought, will succeed Mr. Floyd
it ij 1 1 .1: ,u ,,; I
x ne neraiu aiso u u"i"L , . V i
;t mat me revenue.cutter m vu4niuuu
been seized, and that her captain, a citizen
of Charleston had resigned.
Lieutenant i oster, commanding the slave
nrize Bonita, now at Charleston, took the
slave captain on a writ of habeas corpus be
fora a State Judge, wh remanded the prisoner
to the custody of Foster for waut ol jurisdic
tion. As the Lieutenant was returning to the
Bonita, a mob rescued the slave captain.
Effect of Secession on Prices and
Panic. On Thursday, the 20th ult., news
reached New York that South Carolina had
seceded. The next day the quotations of the
markets were as follows :
"New York. Flocb Market better
with fair export and home trade demand.
Grain Wheat Market 2 a 3 cents per
bushel better, with fair export demand."
"Philadelphia.- lour farmer. Waeai
Will coakers please maka a not of this ?
C'orraapondfioc of the Herald.
FOB THE TIMES-
A letter I think I promiaei to trtite,
Tallins; the news, la olaok and la white;
Or matters and tbiafts .
Which TiMB M his wings
V Brings- "
To those who live 'way out iu the Wnt,
Who now wlt peaoe and plentjr are tlest!
- And what's very tunny
Tuey 're plenty l mobcy .'
Very "sinrt chance " to loose ten per centum
On every dollar the Bank ever bint 'em.
WbatT "down la the mouth?"
So ions; as the South -
Talk about wrongs and Northern aggression
An! thtvaten to re for ImotMiiate secession
Nn'. no! not Ihep ,
Tha; is to nay
They'll pnd all their money ia tb a very way !
io I putt thic Unioa and to the goujh say
Wa lore yon as brothers, baton any day
You attempt to dissolve and f o your own way
Thtrt 'U bi a fuu.
And when you 're brought back again to your
We'll oblige yon to pay up all the ex venue :
r, like the old woman, 1 do reety sty for t,
We know of noone. but yon that will pay for 't!
So now, haa1 in your boras,
We'll not tread on your corns; ,
... We'll even keep clear -
And not Interfere t "'"
With knavery ii
When 'tis eonflned aud Justly relates,
To your own borJ-r aud to your own Mates.
But here will repeat tbs often told story : a
Wt tBont have Hiavtry inotir Kit. ftaaiioar.
Cleveland, Deo. 20,
CHICAGO AND HER INSTITUTIONS
(Correspondence of the Rutland UeralU
Chicago, III., Dec. 21, 1860.
Dear Herald : l'our readers, doubtless,
have heard much about Chicago in a politi
cal, commercial aud financial point ot view,
but ol Chicago as a literary place but little
has ever been said or written. You have
heard how rapidly Chicago baaaoereauHMi in
population aud in commercial importance ;
bow it has become the greatest grain metrop
olis in the world ; how it bu.lds buge " Wig
wams" in two weeks that will accommodate
twelve thousand persons ; how it raises up
massive blocks of building that cover an acre
of ground without cracking a ceiling or in
any way interrupting the business of the
stores within, but I presume you have not
heard, except perhaps in a general way, how
well it provides for its educational wants, by
ils free public schools, its large and elegant
school bouses, which are equalled by none
even in New York or Boeton, iu liberal ap
propriations of money for the supjwrt of
schools; by founding Colleges and Universi
ties and Theological Seminaries, and by es
tablishing Asylums and Reform Schools. I
therefore propose to give you a brief view ol
Chicago as a place whose educational pro
gress has kept pace with iu commercial and
To appreciate fully what Chicago has done
for pul lie instruction, it would be necessary
to look back some twenty or twenty-five years
and contrast that little village struggling
against the disadvantages incident to a new
country, almost destitute of the means of ed
ucating the young, with the present populous
city possessing, as it does, 51,000,0oO in pub
lic school property, with the spacious and
commodious school buildings, the co?fly a
paratus and the various facilities for instruc
tion. Chicago now has a system of graded
schools second in efficiency to none in the
country: it was modeled after the Boston sys
tem and has been thoroughly cairiedout,
and, notwithstanding the opposition it has
met with from time to time by the ignorant
and shott-sigbted, it Las produced and is pro
ducing results most encouraging to the friends
of popular education. The High School is
really a school of superior order. Tre cost
of the building and the lot on which it stands,
was about S 70,000. The Grammar School
buildings cost the city trom 520,0 to
$35,000 each, not including the lots, which
are valued at nearly as much more. Noi it
in the country has made better arrangemet.ts
for the free instruction of the youth at large
UNIVERSITIES ANI COLLEGE.
Chicago is called the "Garden City" of the
West, and it has been well suggested tint, in
view r.f !. I ' - - - '
learning t-stabhshed here, it should a!s j be
called her "Cradle of Learning. lou would
hardly expect a city, less than twenty-rive
years old, would have half a dozen different
Colleges: and yet -uch is the case, and some
of them are of a high order and will compare
tavoraoiy wnn many eastern Colleges. Ut
this stamp is the "University of Chicago.'
whose "Course of otudv is quite as tliorouh
and as extensive as that of ltle or Harvard.
Though it is less than two years old, it cata
logues nearly two hundred students in all
departments. The t acuity are elected from
dilttrent religious denominations, and hence
i: receives patronage from all Quarters.
4Lynde University," under the direction of
tne new ocnool rresnyterians, is located a 1
few-miles out of town, at Lake Forest, but is
easily accessible by the cars. It has a pros- I
perous beginning, and promises to be a sue- I
cess, lbe "Northwestern L niversitv." th
Methodist institution, is situated at Evanston,
about forty minutes ride from the city bv
rail. It has suffered sone, I believe, trom I
kA C : l .i .i .. ii' . . 1
uusiitiiu depression oi lue vtesi, auu i
scarcelv less from the consequent lesignation
oi tne rrestdent. isut its friends are gather
ing new courage. The College ol the old
school Presbyterians is yet in ils incipient
..... TL . . . II ....
eiaic. me iaiuonc ,oue're. i am told, is
prospering in its way. but the general disci
pline of that Church does not seen to pro
mote a love oi learning among the uiJ s
Luucr iub ueau oi colleges l l.ouli men
tion also the Female Seminaries, of which
there are three or four in and about Chicago,
lhe most prominent are Dearborn Semi
nary, - Hyde Fark Seminary " and - Lake
rorest Seminary, all of which, I am inform
ed, are in a prosperous condition
There are four Theological Seminaries in
Chicago, more, perhaps, than in any other
city in tne country. i.ue Congregational
Seminary has a tine class to graduate next
summer, wnue tne lower classes are still lar
ger. 1 ne uij acnooi t'resbyterian Seminary
is under the charge ot Ur. Kice, who, accord- j
ins to a Cincinnati Daoer. has the fulr f
i i i i J I
drawing anti-slavery deductions from rro- I
i ." .,. ,:,: n i... o : . .,
nta ci j uivinniuuus. A cemmirv 13 Well I
attended The "Garrett Rihlicl In.,;, ..,.4
the Methodist institution.! .
largely attended than any other, and is said
to be well endowed and prosperous. The
New School Presbyterians have not vet ner-
fected their plans and arrangements, but I
understand that a number of young men are
niirsmniy their studies under rrmilar Imll I .1
r" 0 6
There are three Medical Colleges, all of
. . . ...
which are in a flourishing state, the " Rush
mj;h.1 r th UI
of Lynd University, and the Homeopathic m
Time fails me to mention in order other to
professional schools, such as Law Schools fof
which the most prominent is the Chicago
-a " I
University Law School,) the Commercial
Colleces. the Schools of Art, and the Libra-
ries, all of which go to show that Chicago is
by no means behind times in affording facili-1
ties for human culture. I
Ludo Gbai ho. I
Situation of the Forts. Fort
I . I
lies UU luo lgn, vt
nel, and is built in the stream. It is of solid I 0f
.s., WIWIC BUij
masonry, octagonal tn torm, pierced on the
" " " , .
nntl, a.af and wpjtt sin p.a witn a noubla row 1 .
of port-boles lor neavr guns, ana on me soum da
or land fldef , w openings tor can-
1 r .,. T. :. ,M I
non, is looo-noieu iw uiuisou t, n dmv iu
be bomb-proof. A force of 150 workmen has
lately been engaged m mounting the guns j &c
and putung tne ion in oruer. 11 contains
14U guns, many 01 luem ueiu8 mo luruiiuouie
ten-inch "Columbiads, which throw either
shot or shell, and have a very long range, ot port Moultrie in every way with loop
There is a very large amount of artillery and other effectual modes, so that if at
stores. consisting of about 40,000 pounds of ,-,.i,nri h r-nuld retire to it and blow un
powder and a proportionate quantity 01 anoi
ana snen. iiig vut i vuoi vo u
approached by water, and the only way of at
entering it is tnrougn me pon-noiea or uy
the gate, the entrance to which is swept oy a
cross-fire from cannon on au sides. I
Ralnh Farnham. the last surviver of the
battle of Bunker Hill, died on the 26th ult.,
, .u. .nMftfi,i, sn in Aeton. Ma- ba
rTi n! ru Zd i day; '
shelled from Fort Moultrie and is completely for the maU;n. Thelarracks and other in
commandinir by it. The fort can only be
lef'enuililM narts of the fort would have cone
STATE TH. .,
Re v. Wm. Scales of Lyndon has received
and accepted an invitation to become pastor
of a church in the Wabash alley, Indiana.
The people of Jacksonville have bought
a fire engine, and a fire company has already
. Mr.Rufos Stearns of lieading has raised,
the past season, fifty-nine and a half bushels
of wheat tiotn ona and 'a half acre of lfcnd-
Thre has b:n several cases of small
pox lately in Hart land, none of which have,
however, proved fatal.
The Caledonian says a shock of an
earthquake was noticed in St. .Johnsbury at
half past eleven A. M. of the ICth ult.
Alvin Hcuse of West Enosburgh has
made from one cow, during the last seven
months, 270 pounds of butter, besides supply
ing bis family with cream and milk.
E. M. Brown, formerly of the'Woodstock
Age, has taken charge of the Vermont Pat
riot, which paper was purchased by him not
The Visitor says that Mr. Woa. L. Ward
of Sudbury brought into Brandon village a
few days since a hog weighing tH i lbs.; and
Mr.-Ceo. O- Swinnington of Leicester one
weighing 65 Its.
An aged lady by tlTe name of Burp,
of Ludlow, di d very suddenly a abort time
since. She steped into the entry to lock the
doui before retiring for the night, and imme
diately fell dead without so much as a groan.
At Springfield, on the 22J of December,
seventeen inches of snow lell within about
eight hours. At Lunenburgu, on the l&tb,
the mercury sank to 20 degrees bel w zero,
and for two days previous it did not rise
higher than 8 degrees below zero.
The Flannel Factory of Wells & Her
ren, in Waterville, was desrroyed by fire on
the 22d ult. Forty or fifty hands are tlrowii
out of employment by this fire. The fa-tory
bad recently been enlarged, and was tu iking
six or seven hundred yard of flannel er
The St. Albans Me-senger says Judg
Redfield has removed to Boston, where he is
preparing, for Little at Brown, a law book on
wills, exe-.'titors. and the tM-f tlctin-nf of e-tates;
also a revised edition of Story's Equity Ju
risprudence. V. R. C. Muzzy, aged 14 years, residing
in the family of Prof. Robb.ns, Mi l iicb jry,
was found dead in Lis bed a few mornings
since. An examination showed that the ri'Lt
lung was congested, and tat a large l.hio J
vfte wa ruptured. He wa the son of Rev.
C. F. Muzy, Missionary to India.
Some weeks since. Charles Darbv of
Rockingham Center was thrown from hi
wagon in Chfster, by the tunning away of
Lis horse, and his hip so badly broken that
the bone protrudd through the flesh. He was
taken op and carried to the house of Capt.
Coleman Cook, his brother-in-law, in Cheiter
vdlage, where he died on the 21 t ult.
The house of SoIfMnon Orne of Albany
was burned on the night of the JOth ult, with
all its contents, l.o-s f 1 "'') ; insurance
2'0. -The house of A. O Poland it. Burke
was burned on the 1 2th, with furniture,
clothing, etc. Insured for f3'0. The steam
mill at Joneavide was buru-d last w.--k.
while the ui-ii wt-re at dim.cr ; jj'.-d to
have caught from the sparfes of a tottieco
pipe. No insurance. 1 tie bla ksiuith sho
ot Aiuasa liig-l' at Ifirtcn 1 in ling wa
burned on the morning of !). Hth.
MIDDLE T WN A CHRISTMAS
Editor of the Rull-iiid Herald:
1 a, not long
since, a tn.-mt in your excellent paper
" that if atutVng of itit.-r.--t occurr.al ia
a lj -hiing i.-ti. an ! l! coaj u j iii.a'.ed to )ou
in a ioa i-u- iu inner, that you would give if a
pU'-e in t.'ie Herald." I wi.sh, therefore, to
give a brief account of a Christinas evening
gathering which occurred in the Raptist
Cuurch at Middietoarn on th evening o: the
by -a Vol'it.tiM tro-n the Si'ath S.-hool,
and I'rtyt-r by the IV' or. Then, for some
two hours, a iar'.; congregation gave moat
excellent attention to tins single pie. es aud
dialogues which were spoken uy the .Sabi.atb
.School and those who bad U-en muted to
take parts. The rjH-akiog was of a high or
dsr. and great credit and honor w.-re due
those, who participated in the e-r. i--. ot the
host or Ide speaker wern Voun
and indeed never had spoken betoie m pub-'
lie. The design of the gathering was lor the
I One entitled '"CiirLsiiijas I ..!., ...k-
"Early Piety," by ten voun l!Lli- i.ri.r
"flaooatu Scuool liwtruciioci. u.i.r t
an xher -Trials in a Minister's
welve (reins, b twelve voiin
It wool.j be ditli' ult lor the wi
ter to say who performed their parts the best ;
but he will -ive his opiuiou, and thtt is, they
all did finely. The oung ladies did a Imira-
oly, and the young gentJeuien izave evidrne
. t . . ji.
mai mey were real "eus.
At this jKjiut -lhe lutle folks" must be tin.
tieeu. Masters Irankie Rullard, with his
piece entnled, "1 will never use tobacco," and
Horace Coy, wiih his piece "Against Oav
Dress, beat "the Jew-." Two little Af;.J
one repeated the Lord's Pravrr, and the
other, at the conclusion, sang, -I waut to be
an Aug-i,' giniel th atientiot of the
house, and produced a fine elrect. The wri
ter 1 as not time to mention b nam. .n
took parts in thtse interesting exercises, but
-uiu any in snort mat each one wbo took
parts, came off with the honor which thoae
ureaoua icii, u not expressed, -bow well thev
have all done." 1 h -xerc."e ;,!
o, auu uie -ueiodeoti played by
R-.ri.hani. The aledktory, by Miielen
Oray, ot t ort Edward, was a fl..- r-odu. tion.
w.i..t -i P . ' oi me
ikm wiiu ainzin? DV memKo.. r .1
.. imci u.gmariy adapted to the occasion,
lhere were allusions in it to scenes of other
uays mat were peculiarly affecting, and drew
tears trom many eyes present. She alluded
111 fir It WtlA saw ea j a. . 7 .a
. ZZ1 . 7 "l ,w.""nS n me scenes
oeiore uer, DUt WDO. Some aeven w.ra
i..i ...... 'A".' . . f? years
" ' I"" ""J io ioe spirit world. Kn.
f .tit r ............ I rt - , .
t?""?"1.1"0 Wa P ror and
- - "1 lo. '.o11 cause of God, and
llemVk.'were made at Z eTT' f YV'
L.tT! l!!.., co;das,on.of
iC '. "J. t'
u w ' 1...1 ' lue ouP"ntendent, Mr
... .t ...
iu. IWnt tne Committee announced
,ual . I,rt'c"' which were susiended on .
mn.t tui-.o.r..! ' 1. ' . m . '
vikuIUi vunstmas iree in siht r.f .!
would now be distributed, and what sparkliiig
ifvassssiisfi fiin 1 linn - . -
' 7L . """icnances ; none can tell
r .7 , wuo.8aw loem. At the conclusion
lUB uisiriouuon of the irifts. wa 1 all
"JS Jhe hymn,0 Sing to Me of Heav-
"eneuicuou we returned
our ho-me.8' hng that we had ail had a
1 v'urulmas evening.
v . ti.
Details of thk Evacuation of Fort
Mocltbif.. The Charleston Courier of Fri
day says that Major Anderson has opened a
civil war by bis act, which was a gross breacb
faith, violating a solemn plclge given by
his chief and accepted by South Carolina,
and in the face of assurances from South
be respected unuTan open
Maior Anderson commenced the evacua-
IIOD Ol r on iMUUlirio si uuuu uu it cuirer
e . ...t. . .1 n'. 1
The men were OPd8red to be in readi
ne'g w;m na.
saruadca na ked. and after rtar
. 1 - , '
a.iA anli review were oraerea to em oar on
two gehooners, taking all the necessary stores.
Tjder tbe cover f n'lfint a gsat por-
tioQ 0f tne proyunons and camp lurniture
were transported to r ort aumter.
a ndonion had strengthened the cit
otner portions of the fort, the mines having-
air..iv tu-n anrnnr ana irains iaiu reavir
a toucn. Nine eight inch Columbiads on
the r arta facing Fort Sumter were spik
and tbejr carriages burnt, as soon as the
fort was abandoned. All the other euns were
also sniked. The ammunition wagons had
been broken up to form ramparts, and the
entire place was littered up with fragments.
The Courier says the spiked guns wiu soon
in a oondiuon to respona t any nosuia
monstration against Chwlaiton.
nssS i. tS. . HnU4-I.. Or.-1
f IMPORTANT FROM WASHINGTON.
A SEW COLLECTOR FOB CHAU.KSTOH.
THE PRESIDENT FIRM
The Armory and Infantry BcrracU Bvmtd.
ECHORS OF A RAID US srAJSHISGTOS.
Washington, Jav. iwi, ISfil.
A new Collector for Charleston in p ac of
Mr. Colcock, the secessionirt, wbo has efctmtejj
under the State authorities, will be nominal!
by President Buchanan to-day. It is thought
the announcement will cause an explosion in
the Senate. Msj- Anderson uiforffl. the
President that he does not want any rein
forcement ; declaring that be cutdtHeniltm
elf alone against the whole of South Cs.ro
Una. The President exhibits a determin ation
not to be intimidated or coerced by the insar
cerits and has given the acting Sw-retary of
War authority to take any and all the maas
ures necessary to protect the interests of tie
Union, and the Secretary will attend pronspt
ly to the discharge of Lis duty. Tha Presi
dent will not send any message oa the ab-y-ct,
but will isue a proclamation in relaJoo
10 the iosurgeot and the design of captatng
the forts. Senator Baker's apeetb being ,
li-tened to br an immense audience. The
Armory a J Infantry barracss, together with
several stores, were burned here this morn
ing. " It is cuir-ntly reported that forces ar
organizing at the Booth for a raid oo Wash
Cameron, of Pennsylvania has acre pied
the appointment of Secretary of tha Treas
ury under Mr. Lincoln's adiLlnistratjon..
LATEST FROM CHARLESTON.
Al I'OINTMENT OF tUMMIfcS:OXERS Br TIOC,
" FRKslDIJil OF THEtOM EXTIO. '
. A Trtaxtm Onlxunnc l'aa,
Charleston, Jan. tnd. .
CoL IVnigrew h i wrnd tjUoX W sp- -proach
t;.-tl.; i'iti. ku-y. Tne river is well
guarded. Women have tendered thc.r aer- f
ke at the fort. The City K tl-s have gone M
on wtkX ervice to Morris I-iau 1. lhe Zoa
ae and G. rman Rides are wo duty in the
harbor. Th- PJmetto fUg waes over the
The IJauks in the inU'rior oiTV-r to take their
proportion of the State loan. Collet-ior Cot-.-o-
k adv. rti-es that all v-els from port out
si ie of the State must ent and tb-ar at
Charleston. The PrWdentof tbetionvention
has apj-ointed commi-ioners to Alabima,
Florida, Mississippi. Arkansas aad Louisiana,
but none to lexa. The convention has
j.s.l a treason ordinance 'making the levy
ing of war against the State, or aiding its en
emies, punhbable by death. An ordinance
that the jutlicial oer heretofore vented in
the Federal Courts be now exercised by the
State Courtsnd that the congr-wicuJ power
be vested ia the General Aast-mLly.
Mondav, Ier. 2l h
Ia the Senate, Mr.
a bill granting land
and loaning the credir of the "OVrrntisent to
the People's Pacific Railroad It was tabled
iud ordered to be printed. Mr. Pufeh offered
joint resolution in favor of holding a coo
.n'ion to amend the constitution; a.id Mr.
iligler presented a bill to suppress any tnva
k a of one State by another; both were re
ferred to the Select Committee. Mr. Doug
las preaented several amendments to the con
rtitution, which were also referred to the Se
lect Committer. Mr. WiUoa introduced 4
l.li tor the supprersion of the slave trade.
lhe bill for the admission of K.. B.
taken up ana .vir. .mcuoibou aJl.'-4tSBej (j
"'-. luc I' ons taken by ;
Mr. a-le and argusr.g tt 4oy ta
fort e by the govert mv tnst South Caro-
1'i.a was equivalent to a declaration of war.
He was followed ,y jr. yn mha WM f
i""VJ i it ivansas was admitted into rt
the Lniou it would do more to bring peace
to the country than anything elae. Mr. Col-
...ur .usu iavore-3 tue bdl. which wa finally '
oa ie me specia. order for Mondav. Mr. Da-
a resolution amendatory of the
Constitution, that property in sljves be recg-i t
niitd, and as fuch to stand on the sainr foot
ng as other kinds of t.rotrtv the Lw-.l1.-.
of any State hot .fTwtlr... j ?
p.imeu. me 6eMte aljowtiM-J till Thara-
McQueen Boohn, Uoyce d LunorZ,
membeii from South Carolina, wa read, in
which they say they avad t!.err.-U .1 .
earliest opportunity wnce the official intelii- i
gence of making known that the peorde of -South
Carolina, in their sovervim .
have resumed the i....uTl .
r , . , t - -n.u tun uereto- .
fore delegated to the general government, and
thus delved their (the signers) connection
ith the Hou of Ilepretientatives. Ill
Speaker nas directed tha lhe names of the
ujeuuooeu Lentlemen be r-t;t
the roll, thus not m-ognizing their act of ae.
ceasion from the Houae. The Secre ary ot
the Interior smt iu a comtnunication givinir
information of a defalcation aawundng to
:o,0Od in the Indian Trt Fund Th
Secretary w.she. fo, a full investigation, to
111 1 heat e hi. o wn benor. A select com aii.te
ot bve, with lull wers. Wa, appointed. The
Diplomatic and Consular Appropriation LUI
was paed, and the Army Ap,.ropriaion bill
WrKltv r'errwl- Mv Cochrane.
-ew ork. introduced resolutions reviving
the Missouri Coinpromise nd declaring
that any attempt to erce a State would t
to levy war precipitate a revofurin
Mr. llal. of New York. nmwuJ . l
tut Ur Mr. Cochrane's resolution, that the
judiciary Commiuee inquire inio the relations
- cAuuug oetween itie Ueneral Govern
ment and South Carolina; the duty of th
Laecuuve in view of the attempted withdraw-
r0,uti.,ate.'n'JU-e teied seiaure
of the rederal proierty, and what action
Congress thould taae. Mr. Cochrane wiib
drew his reaolutwn, after torn) debate, and
the House adjourned till 1 bursday.
Thursday, Dec. 27. Ia the Senate a bills
was reported providing a territorial govern
ment lor Ariiona. Mr. Green aupporfed the
bilh Mr. Brown moved to adJ a section to
the act of legislation lor Nw Mexico, that
the protection of slave property be enforced
in Auzona. Mr. TruuiLulJ moved an amend
ment that the same law be enforced as xt- ""I
ed at the time of annexation. Mr. Doolittle W.
made a lengthy apeech defending the Ilepub-.
bean party train the charges of abolitUMJisin,
and denying that it was the object of that
party to interfere with slavery wuei it now
exists. 1 he ejteech wa aaie, and Mr. Doo
littie was freuuentlv interruDted br Demo.
cratic Senators. lie closed by asying ii Sen
ators wanted peace they must allow free Ter
ritories to remain free ; they canst have non
interference in the States and Te rri toriea.
Mr. Brown said that U was idle to talk oi
tieace until slave property was recognized by
the iSortn. lie asked mat bis aiuendasiDt
miht be printed. After further debats the
Senate adjourned till Monday. In the Houa .
Mr. Stevens, of Washington Territory, made
a personal explanation relative to a rpeea '
dii-patch in a Boston paper, which stated that
the stolen bonds had been used by the Bret t-
i;n ridge Central Committee, of which be wm
Chairman. Air. Stevens pronounced i-
He said the genUonau who sent the 0-n"
A . L . II WW a a s .
10 me Ltoston iieraid nad jLjb
aosioiu wwrOS were interpolated v,ue ed.
of that paper. It was the du'.j q the se
committee to investigate, lb - -
ly. Mr. Mcrris, of ill., .
mittee, said he had irJr
he had no control over t.
lay it before the committe
Ya asketl and was excuses '
the select committee, oa aoc
engagements. A resolution was
powering the Committee to sit durin
ceedings of the House, to employ rtor m
etc. it was agreed to report the Indian f
fropriation bill on Monday, to whkh dav
louse adjourned. "
The Census Vermont saves
members. The Hon. E. P.. Walton
she Watchman as follows : w I lero t .
tectly) from, the Superintendent ef
rus, that in the new apportioiiint li-
ermont wiU be entir, .)
one saved on a JeV t,he 1
w - - - . .J" 'UC VP- Ji
gain seven raem.cV-' y
to the slave. Siaf;. y
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