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'if Villi P Sl- '''"K Straw IS PCBLISnED WEEKLY BY GEO. A. TUTTLB & CO. TERMS Or 6DB80MPTIOW Village on hcriber, served by carri 1.75 Otfioe aid MH subsoriSers, in clM' f r? SiDKle Mail subscribers enTt char "ed after on ; but uo psper will be ...,1ft ub-cribeVi oul of "-- Srate uutil paid tor, Ind whe"bto".ub' the paper will be discontinued. TttttMS Ok- ADVERTISING. For in Iniw r 1"8 ,or fares weeks, 1 00 For tnon week's ooutiouance, three cents per line. A jiteral'loanoe mude to those who advertise lgrgeiy. Special coutraou made with yearly adver tu-ers. F. MOW RE Y, Photographic Artifat. Uuion Huildiug Main St., and t'litrka' Block. Merchants' How, Rutland, Vt. AmbroUpes, Sleiainoti pes. ic , made In tbe beat .tvleofuie rt. Photographs it miniature or life lie, neatly colored In oil, making a superior pic-ur- LB WIS & FOX, Wholesale and Retail dealer in Drugs, Medicines, 1'at tli l Aleuiciue-, Clieui cam, Artists ji uteris Is, f ei iuuier, louet and aucy Atliolm, Lamps, Keroseue Oil, UumiUK 'lutd, XiUjmjb, supporter auu every, tlnujij pei tnium lu lue omlr-l irU. Vieaci lpduun citrelully ui.-,tiioe J . Meivtiaiits t.euaue, liuiiauU, V t. ' l OULMAN & HANGKR, MARBLE AiND SLATii. WOIIKS, KAIKHAVEK, vx., , K AVISO removed our bu.-iues to the large, new oiiiiUiiig utelv oocuuied aa a i'uiuug Mill, ad )...... jj AUnu.-t at Alieu'tt Marble Yard, we are pre pare J to manufacture, M U N U At ii iN l S , HEADSTONES AlAMJLti-l'lECfcS, TABLli-XOl'a, &0,. lu every variety ul style auU Xiumil, ot the ' BEST VERMONT AlAUBLE. Also, JdaroleixeU aluto Work of ail uc-ciiptious, suuU as . . MA-BUXE-I'IECES, TABLE AXU BUREAU tiSPH, iirt tLiifc.lt sUt.i,Vlis, etc. Falrtiaveu, V t., oeFt iSUO. 3-6u hilANUlS 1Y.EN.N, Wholesale and Ketail Dru'st, Ahju street, itut iai.u, Vt. . ! licNliY b'. ft All I'll, M. D., Physician aud burgeon, C'astleton, Vt uUiceJio. 2, L'liou block. UkJW 7 : w.b7m uss ey"&co. V:i uesnle auu ttetdit Dealers lu flour, fork, Butter, Cuee, Lard, r i.ni, Beam, fcs, Apples, (Dry auu uret.ni, leas, i.irs. Codec, Aljia-ne, Kluid, auU nil kiiias ol uooUs usually k.pt lu the trade, atitt Uralera iu iiead-Made Clothmj!, iiatK. Caps, Vi'aloueB, Je elri , Clucks, N oiioue, &c, &c. fto. I'.'ii.n li.ocn, UutluuU, Vt. 2tt K:.jit a hi.ii;nlkv. l)ealer. iu iliraA'are, turuiture, (jraui, flour, Iron, Steei, Coal, .Vails, Uiass, 1'niiit.H uiil Oils, Salt, Car pets, vltrrord, ic, uear tile depot, Kutiaud, Vt. flKUfOIN 1' a NICHOLS, Attorneys at Law and .Solicitors iu Chaucer Jdei-ouauta' How, Uutland, Vt. 51 :ly UOfliJUT PlBuroiNr. w. T. '1 ) C. E. GUAVES, Vttoruey at Law, Ollice No. 3 .UerchautB' Row, ovei tli' -itore of tieo. Graves lit Co. 6: ly M UU'ING. EV ELiTS, Attorney aud Couutiellor at Law, aud Solicitoi J uaucery. Uthoe iu the court Uouse, uutlauu, vt Attorney and C'ouusellur at Law, Solicitor it jhauCfry, Aeut lor 1'euui.iouerf, iSounty Lauds, &C Jilioe, 2d story Thrall's Block, Rutland, Vt. SilELDONS & SLASON, -., (Successor's to Sheldoua, Mjrgau Ifc Slason, Marblt Ut-alers, Weat Kutiaud, Verinont. L. Sueldou, Chac Shi-'ldoii, li. A. Sheldon, Chas. U Slason. 10, ly 1)11. E. V. N.- 1IAK WOOD. aud.Vt. 11 oufratiuut- periormed n a. cHreiul,-kilM'al & thorough uaaoae' je?, d. w. PRIME, l4Trii&V Surgeon Ueutist, Brandon, Vt. OOic. IT. rd. tue residence of J. Kos8eter,0 posit, the Braudou House. 17yl cLTaIIK & BlioTllETiS Dealers in Watches and Jewelry, Clocks, Silve Ware, fancy (joods, &c. Repairing neatly done a' short uotice. Agents for the sale of Colts and Wind ior Revolvers. Cla ka' Rock, Uutland, t U U. Ulakk A. W. CLAKit, N. Clark. 'pUNEll and dealer in Sueel Music, Musical Instlu 1 tn.!iits, Iii-ic Books, Cliiekeriug's and liotrduiai Uray St Co.'s 1'iauotortes, Ro s f Morse's Vlelodeons (j rover St Baker's Sewing Machiucs, &c , ic. .Ueroliiuts' Row, Rutland, Vt. l"tf lt. I. K. PII'RK, tgS!??-c-? Snrjjical and tlchnniciil len- Utlice cor. Marchaut's Row and Wes- Street', Kutiiud, Vt. 21tl W. V MUHARI), M. D., - Snr(ri(.;il ifi l Mcflinnic.il Dt-ntist. SJrA 1 (like first door South ol the Seminary , fy f'oultney. Vt. My D 11 . M . T E F F T , Surgical at.tl Mt-c.ical Dentist. I'oultnrv, Vt. ollice, oue door Wesi r.t I .1 'l.llilW1 Stuff' L cav re.u veii and leeth tilled with (iold withou liurtiug the piitieut. & iy Kazle roiiilili v nml .llnchiur Nhop, Near the K it B R R. freight Xepot. l'atings of every description, Mill and Machinery Work, furnished promptly and at low prices, tjrlera re.ecttully so lie. ted. ..-,,.T r, VV MAN & MANsMi-LD. Jutland, Oct. IS, 1S59. 42 UlTl'l!IIK' " JliVKI.KV. lLAHtC & UKO THEKS nA VK just received another new and still largei Stock ot Watches of all kinds; beautiful pat lerus of jewelry ; Silver Spoous aud forks; Silve I'lated Ware, Spectacles, Clocks, Colt's Revolvers f ishinu Tackle, Rilles, Shot liuos, aud fancy Good ct every description. All bought lor cash, aud wiJ be sold lower thaneau be bought iu Boston or New York. Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Spectacles neatlj paired, as usual. B . OLAUK. A W CLiBI. N. CLARK. Jij Merchant's Exchuuife. Rutland, Vt. PETEH C- JONES, VVUOLESALB AND RCTAIL ' A P h it WAKKIIUUSE, No 8 Water, Oor. of Devonshire St., Bostot has cou-tautly on haud and for pale a large assort tneut ol all kinds of P A P K 11 . Hook, News, Manilla and Press l'aper3 manufacture to order at short nonce. Agent for SlTU & I'ktbks Enameled Card- and Card .Miceis. It CAliincTSM)! l clo ni & up hols t eh MA.BBLB 11 all, 472 Broad wav, Albany. J. V A X (i A A S U E E K & CO., Importers, Manufacturer, and O.-aleCs in Carpets Oil Ctatlw, Winlow SA'5, Curtain M-wrtats an T"mmmi. Jitirf.t, li'IHn, Ciiurch Cushions, an Uriot't'rydao is ol every kind , W hol-sale and Retail In j loti.i VanU iasbeen.,Cit vCarpet Stare,34( .reeu-st J VAN OAASBKIiK. Il ly H. R. WAT8QM CLAltEMONT m a N 1 1 f A C T UltIN G Cc M NU?ACTCRISR8 OF PAPKlt AND HOOKS, I'LTKLISIlkltS. PRINTERS AND BINDERS, Wholesale and K-tail Dealers in Books and Station ery, and liirca-ers of all kinds of Paper Stork. claremont, N. 11. 9-ly P f A NOS, S 1 50 ! Ilich Ilosewoori A. Cae vi'arranteo. II living uuiu rebuilt our Factory we are ni?Min !urniwhiu? our S U 1' E li I t ) ti 1' 1 A NOS! ALL PRICES AND STYLUS. Send lor Descriptive Pric List and crcularato BOA ROMAN. GRAY CO.. 2 fi-n M inufucturers, Aloauy, N. V. U O B B I N S ! II AS just received a good supply of new aud desirable sty les of Ladies' FALL AND WINTER DU.ESS GOODS, Embracing, Figured and Plain Merinos, Cashmeres, l'araiu.itla. Dulams, Soots, Ctiecks, Stripes and Silks. Alsu, Tliibets, lirocha, Stella aud Wool Shawls. All Wool. Cottfin and Wool. Silk and Wool aud Cnnton flannels. Gingham. Calicos, Cottons, Cam bricks, Mu-lins, Dinenis, lick. Baiting, WaddiiiL'. lilovs. (janntletts, llosery. Pins, Needles, Thread, lape, Binding, &c , c , ic. Rutluii l, Sent. 10, lt)0. 37 WILCOX & GIlsBS' SEWING MA- CtllVK What others siv ot it. "It is iu- depj a woiKlert'ul pro.luction. aud tor familv ue es 1'filiallv, no o'-r mat'Vne will brar any compiin wn with " " P tila, Eveniuu Journal. " A inornuioal wonder.'" Sclentitlc American. For ..I" by J. K. BARN ES. W INTER RYE FOR SEED, at th. Commission Store i f H.O. PERKINS. TO FARMERS. 80000 BARRELS POUDRKTTK, made by the L- di Mauufantiir ing Co., l' r ale in ots to suit purchasers. This i the cheapest J'fcKTiL.ZKK in market. 3 worth will manure an acre ot corn, will increase the crop from one tlnrri to one-half, and rinen the crop two weeks earlier, and unlike kiihuo, neither injure the seed nor land. A ta:iiphl't. with satif lactory eviaence una full particulars, will be seut gratis to any oue send ing address to - GRIf f ING, BROTHER & CO., 60 Coiirtland St , New Y'ork. General An'ts for tbe United S ales. 6-lOw T70R SALE. Valuable Real Estate X near the Depot No better biisin8 location iu town. Kre opportunity for au investment tor par tlculars inquire ot J K. BARNES. Rutlaud, feb 6, 1361. 6 tf pASTLETON SEMINARY. gPRINO QUARTER begins February 21, KUMMER " ' May 6, , 1861. This Institution affords superior advantages to youug laoies wuo wish m ouiain a inuruui;(i ami un lahMi education. The building is beautiluby located and in thorough repair. In every department ol study the best of tfcachera are secured. Especial la clUties tor those who wish to perfect themselves in M ito and th other Ornamental Brand es, and for young men wlebijig to prepaid tor college. Address i f il 'A' VOLUME 67. " " RUTLAND, VT., THURSDAY MORNING FEBRUARY 21. 1861. unlit EUTLAND & BURLINGTON E. B sow. wiattr Arranirmrit. lt60. Nandafter Monday, Deo. 8, Trains will run ' r- IU1IUWK. fa o gntland for Burlington at H 00 A.M. 8.00 ftnd 9.20 P. M. iat6epVMKUtUnd t0r Bcll0W8 FllBt B.25 A.M., and tid9 0oiUMni:t0n forlluUand 4 8.35A.M.8.46 a Jie"JJ?ell0WS FaUp for Jutland at 12 25 and o.oo P. M. . E. A. CHAPIN ,8op't. Rntland.Noy V6'ty M . V . IS . U U L L , Willi EH ALL, N Y., M AMJFAl TCUKa OP COOK, PARLOK & BOX STOVES, iiollow Ware, farmers' Boilers, Caldron Kettles, Iron Road-scrapers, straw-Cutters, 4c, AGK1CUL1 UkaL I.V1PLEMEN 1 S, Iron Krouu tor Buildings, Columns, Door-Sills, Wiudow-Sills, Windaw-Caps, front Pieces, Cor nices, Iron D.ors, Blinds aud Shucters.Chim-ue)-Tops, iron, fence iron Stairs, Railing, Balconies, &c, made tioin new Pat torus of the latest and most approvao say lea, STEAM ENGINES, LAIUKS AND PLANERS Kuliiug ilili castings. Nail Machines, Boiler Rivet Machines, Drills, S halting, Pulleys, CoupUug.atadaU kinds ot heavy and light JUachiuery, Casting aud Job Work. Heavy auu light fronting, of all kinds, Pattern work oi all descriptions, Draiung, Designing, Ike. Also sole manufacturer ol the MEW YORKER PLOW, 1 be sale ol which will be given exclusively to one dealer in each town throughout tne United States. j.7Ali orders promptly tilled, and Wares shipped by Lake, Canal or Rail Uoad. 88 ly IAGLE FOUNDRY -J SUOP. & MACHINE BOWMAN & MANSFIELD would reepeotiully inlorm then liicuds, patrous, aud the public lie gi-ueraily , that their new t'onniim 'tH'i MacAine &nop, located on Lmou .-ireet, near the R. It H.R.R-f reighi Depot, is now complete, and tne aiej,ieo.e. lor maKing all kinds ot castings. Par ouiar atieutiuu paid to UailuuaD Cahtimus, JU.1LL ud MAuaiHauv VV'oitK ol every ercriptiou. 1 ne alsu take this occasion to express their grate .ui obligulions to alltuose who have patronized then, u iiheiaily herelolore, aud earnestly solicit a con muauce ol their lavors oinceover the store ot Messrs. Barrett & Son. Rutland, Oct. IS, lSStf. 42 tf U Oil an d fou n d uIFma C111NE SHOP CO . Near Rutland & Buning Lju liailroad Depot furuace street, Hutlaud, Vt. JOEL IS 11 Alt lil, Agent Orders solicited lor Car Wheels aud Railroad Cast ings ol every dercriptiou, il.il aud otiier castings, o an kinds, Cast Irou Pipe, Water Wueels, CastinKt lor Agricultural Juip.eiuenla, irou fence, Piai&i. Itaitluxs. &c, of trie tuusi approved patterns. Also, .MAi.lll.MSuY WOtK HNhlUu Ut' PttOMt'lLY. A tun assurtuienl ol Gear aud Pulley Patterns. t he usual sizes of Gear and Pulley Castings con stautly ou haud. Aise, the celchiated UOscblki I'LuWS, aud tne Ne Engiaud iloer. CirCu.ait lespecting the stame sent to any auuress desired. ALLWoRRAl LOSV 1'RICES. It E M E M 1J E K ! ! our stock is all of Lath purchase. No old out oi t le, suop-woiu goods. V e dial euge the state U produce ss lare aa a.-ortuieut vt Due YVAlCllEs, GULL AND SILVER, f ANcY GOOU, As we can show. We are bound to sell the peopu ol ttutlaud f IMC GooUB, helieviug it is lor our inter est, and knowtng it fur theirs. Our sales tuus far tiaT: been beyond our expecta tiuu.-, aud our sto.k will be iucrease i iu amount ana variety as we ascertain the wants aud tastes of the community. Jul received SIX DOZEN LOW PRICED SI LVEK WATCUCS, selliug lor a very small advance. H Aitt J E WELK t made to order with hne Golo mountings. Same hair used as lett. u7"hou't lorgettl.e place. Cramtou et Nichols Block, Rutland. Vt. 45 iSEs K. CUASE. NEW GOODS! NEW FIRM! NEW GOODS! 'pilE subscriber would respectfully announce to the L citizeus ot Brandon and vicinity that he is open ing a new and complete SIOCK OF GROCERIES, &c, At the old stand of Amos Uolt, Jr., where maybe found a large and well selected assortment of GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, PAINTS. OILS, GLASS, PAPER HANGINGS, CON EfcCTION ARY, C1GAUS, ate, &c, Which will be sold aa low as the lowest for cash. Every article bought at my establishment will be warranted as good as represented. Call, examine aud judge for yourselves. GREEN GROCEKlES, PRLIfS, ic , ill all ari eties in their season. JOHN W. CHASE. Brandon, May 24, I860 . 21 tf IF you wish to get a nice article of Flour made from new wheat, call on 3'a H. O. PERKINS, pORN, OATS, RYE, CORN MEAL. VV Re Meal, Graham flour a superior article, and Buck Wheat flour, for sale at U O PERKINS' Commission Store. Rutland, Sept. 25. I860 39-tt N JEW FALL OOODSU Just received at SPENCER & WYATT'S. A very large assortment of DRESS GOODS, SHAWLS, CLOAKS. TRIMMINGS, CLOTHS. 'J VSSl lfcMES, VESriNGS, HATS AND CAPS LADIES' SHOES, UEADY MADE CLOTHING Among our Drei8 Goods may be found all the nov elties of the season, Plain and Printed Merinos, Pasamettas, Plain and Printed Wool DeLaius Mohairs, Poplins, Valencia, f loreutines, Brocaded Goats Hair, Uuion Plaids, Muslin DeLains, Plain Printed fcmbroideri's. French, English -Scotch and American . -Shawls, Printed and - Plain flannel, Moreens, Balmoral and Skeleton Skirts, Carpetings, Rag". Ac, &o. Our CLOTHING is made in Vermont. We keep no Southern slop made work. A very large assortment of Cloths, Cassimeres and vesting. GROCERIES of the choicest kind at lowest prices. including our celebrated Unn nalur 60 cent Teas. We raafce no quotations of lots, but will give the BEST WEKRlMAO PRINTS. at lOctspryd. BEST MANCHESTER M. O'LAINS 18? " " REST HEAVY BKOWN SHEETING. 8 " " ALEXANDER'S KIDGLOVKS, 88 cts pr pr. We buy all our goods with Cash, and will sell fo ready psy as cheap as any Store in Vermont. Don't be humbugged by credit Stores, but give us a cat' before you buy. Castleton, October, I860. 40 tf EVOLUTION AMONG THE CLOCKS ! CLARK & BROTHERS, Have on exhibition and for sale TWO CASE CLOCKS, that run without friution and equire no nil, and warranted to keep accurate time for 25 years without repairs or cleaning. A'so. this day received another large invoice of Rich Jewelry and Silver Plated Ware. AT T I'll EI R NEW STORE, darks' Block, Rutland, Jan. 7, 1861 2tf C U T O N ! ur. r.i.nl that a ncrson calling himell I. F. SWAN is representing himself iu mtny part oi Vermont as a partner in Barrett's Dying E-Ublisn. ment. No 140 Washington Street. Boston and en- im.ni.bi for that h.stfthllstl- neavormg to es'-aow" s.... ; meut-and that he is selling a oleaDsmg fluid, also represented to be tif ed in our establishment . . -i. ..ki. torn-t him. he ik I tils is to waru tne I'uui 11 ' ' " - ' not authorized bv us to act in any manner. We don't know the mnn. .,. . . BARRETTS & RICHARDSON, Silk Overs, 1 Wishing'on Street. Boston, Mass. Boston, January 19, 1861. & TTLITABLE FARM FORSALE ' T At Middle Granville, N Y., situated two mile from the Railroad ntutb'-u. There is on the farm an elegaut new Br'ck House, good store house two stori-s, bog hou-., ieu house anew horse bain sud carriage house built in the best manner. All tnes buildings are covered with slate, one large larm ba-i-a .d one Sl.eep barn in the meadow. T here is an oio Orel.ar l ol nearly one tmu.lred ffi? comprising thiee hundred trees o I the best varwtte ol Apples. Pears. Plums and Cherries: also grape vines; cu-rants, strawberries and ra-phernes. Three or tour thoiia.nd Maple Trees, and htteeu acres ol heavy wood land within a fourth mile ol the house. Kverv 'ot on the farm has never tailing water on it Then- is large bed ot muck within twenty-five rods t ' . v.lV:ii.. - ..late formation, an tne nam. juesonis ""u 1 . has produced, without manure, the past year. Oar .-..!. ..,,t. hnshels to the acre, and Cor& at the rate of s xty bushels to the acre 1 wir sen sixty cr-s n uic .w. ...... - 4. which cost S4700, for-6XI0, or sell the whole together it- . a Kua.ao in rll Tt Of tUT comprising n acres at a Rieot """'"- if nesire4 purctiase monev can lemaiu u -- toanvone making application before the nrst o J,,rc"uwu- t,isr l iXIWIS. tor m'orination, app.y " ,r u.n the premises, or to A.Slocum orClias. H. Bull. Middle tirauville, or to John I.audon, Rutland. . . .. 1 .. , .. A ' , . 1 . . . . I 1 ,10 .1 1 II on vi. IVT OTICE. We hereby appoint FRANCIS FENN, Of RUTLAND, THE SOLE AGENT FOR OUE COPPER AND ERRODUM PENS. 111E BES1 PEN EST MARKET! They will not Corrode ia any Ink- 6-w M. SANSON & CO ' " 1 ' " jrfj'-' - r' KATIE LEE AND WILLIE GRAY Two brown beads with tossing curia, Red lips shutting over pearls, Baie feet white and wet with dew, Two eyea black and two eyes blue; Little boy and girl were the y , Katie Lee and Willie Gray. They were standing where a brook, Bending like a shepherd's crook. Flashed its silver, and thick ranks Of green wi low fringed the banks ; H fit in thought aud half in play, Katie Lee and Willie Uray. They had cheeks like oherriea red; Ue was taller 'most a head; She, with arm like wreaths of snow, Swung a ba ket to and fro, As she loitered, half in p)ay, Chattering to Willie bray. " Pretty Katie," Willie said Aud there came a dash of red Through the browuness of his cheek " Boys are strong and girls are weak, And I'll carry, so 1 will Katie's basket up the hill." Katie answered, with a laugh, " You shall carry only half;" And then, tossing back her curls, " Boys are weak as ell as girls." Do you think that Katie guessed Half the wisdom she expressed f Men are only boys grown tall. Hearts don't ohange much after all; ,v And when, long years from that day, ' Katie Lee and Willie Gray Stcod sgain beside tbe brook, Bendiug like a shepherd' crook, Is it strange that Willi said While again a dash of red Crossed tbe brownneaa of his cheek " I am strong and you are weak; Lite is but a slippery steep, HuLg with shadows cola end deep; " Will you trust me, Katie dear T Walk beside me without tear; May 1 carry, if I will. All your burdens up the hill ?" And she answered with a laugh, " No, but you may carry half." Close beside tbe little brook, Bending like a shepherd crook, Washing with itssi.ver bauds, Late and earlv at tbe sands, Is a cottage, where, to-day, Katie lives with Willie Gray. In a porch she sits, and lo! Swings a basket to and fro, Vastly different from the one That she swung in years (gone; This is long, ai d deep, and wide, And has rockers at th tidt ! lit me Jqjtrnal. TO THE GAS CONSUMERS AT RUT LAND, VT. On the 23d of January last a Committee appointed by you, in connectino with the un iersi!ned, went to Burlington, tested the quality ot the gas there in the usual way, viz : bv test meter anil photometer, and in audition (.tilled upon a number of" the consumers and obtained l'rom them statements of their billa tor September, Oc-tober and November, (the last quarter bills tendered) and cf the nuin ner ot' burners used, the length of time burn ing. & On the next dty the same CoTimittee with the undersigned made a test of the value ol the gas at Rutland, as was done at Burling ton, viz : using the same test meter and the sue burners ; and in addition, the under signed called upon several cf the consumers .tnd ascertained from them how many burn ers they used, for what length of time, &c, .luring the months of September, October and November last, and then obtained from Mr. Burnett the tills paid, &c. Statements of the bills thus obtained, and of the tests mude, at both Burlington and Rutland, are given below. A comparison of i he results will justify the undersigned in the declaration made by him at the meeting of the 21th January, to wit : that according to i he photometric tests made, the co t of gas light at Rutland was 20 per cent, cheaper tinn at Burlington, and according to the bill? taken, at least 25 per cent, cheaper. As the undersigned only had time to call upon a lew o the Rutland consumers to aseertaiu burn ers used, Su, a further' statement of Rutland bills is gtven to enable gentlemen to extend the compajison for themselves. Statement of Bills taken as aforesaid at Burlington : 7. - Z ( Z c - 3 S, -- s a. ? ? S3 I ? ? Renutkw ii I s : 2 727- l '- 6 41 Time, 2 to S hours. S. S Terry, Briuamaid, i'routy, tauilord. Roby & Co., Huntington, Allen, Peck. Turki dart. 4 U zo z2' 19 471 of these burners till 11 o'clock. 9 2i 14 OS S 3 17 l'l? SJ 'a '21 37 Burners checked down 9 1 13 146653 burned late. 8 shut off at 7. 85ijl4 11 461 bnrner all the time, and I i i t 4 oi tne time. Lvmati, 19 5 -17 10 Uses Regulator; says it saves ball his gas. Dewey, :9 3 17 531 ' Statement of Bills taken as aforesaid at Rutland: Z e 3 Z C. Brewer, John Cain, Printer, 312 1 3-4 4 64lGrus?rr burn 1 all ((be tinMtnd'Jr an trertfe 1 3-4. I .Irre-titar; can't rsU I mate, th.'uka 3 bur I ntrra lo S o'clock. II 3! Spencer St Co., S. Krsnrh. 3.-4.31-2 3 1-4 i7 ft li sr fo B o'clock. Pm-, Allen, Pond k Co.,: it 45 00, V erder C-u. ecaalonally 3 bum- French & Kingsley, averag 4.13 71 ;om- a little balore era, not onn. 9 u'clock. J. R. Biraei, II 3'. for ators. ahop and dwelling, aya 9 to 4 nur.tera in al I to each? ya S buntera to 9 o'clock; if ao, bill wrong. O. L. Robbitu, 133 I Comparison of above bills as near as proeticabU. At Burlington, Mr. Brinsmaid, 14 burners used, 6 41 Mr. Hart, IV do. SI 7 27 4 64 6 00 14 08 25 22 It 47 17 lu 17 63 12 7 Jlr. Terry, 2 do, At Rutland, Mr. Brewer, IX burners, veroer sc to., z uo. At Burlington, Mr Huntington 2i do, sir. stani'ora, a uo, Roby & Co.. 3 do, Mr. Allen, 3 do, Mr Dewey, 3 do. At Rutland, S. Frenoh, 3 do, Spencer & Co ,3' to 3" do. 13 3 .1 K. Karnes. 3 to 4 do. lor 3 tene ments, 11 30 At Burlington, Mr Pro .ty, 4 do, 23 84 Mr. i eca, o ao, cuecaea aowu, zi oi Mr. Lyuian, 5 do, uses regulator, 17 10 At Uutland, French & Kingsley, 4 do, 13 71 J'aine. ren. rono & CO., I ao, zn o Mr. Burt, 7 to 8 do, 33 14 RECAPITULATION. . C 1 1 A. D..oHn,An ao . ............ JNUraueroi u'lrucn. useu a. aui outoii, o-, viuu..v of bills. 18,95, which is 85,18 for I burner lor the three mouths. orl,81 forea-h month. N iitfioer or nurnera useu a' nuiiaim, n j aiuouui of bills, 8126.27: whicn is 3 91 for 1 burner tor the 3 months, or t r eaoh mouth. N B The oulv bills omitted in the above compar ison are Mr. Tuife's at Burlington from the estan- lshment neing au exicur.i.c statement being indefinite and Mr. Cam's aud Mr itobbm's t Rutland; the first from the irregularity of use ine'deut to printing, and the scco id becau e . , . . tlia dill is cai'lfleilt 1 -J ir ouiy o ournero wcic , is evirlent from comparing it with ail oth ers given above and be ow . further staieineui i uin ai ". e extend the above comparison : I D. Co e, Store, o nurners, r K. K. Merriam, " 3 Ml 2 ft , 1 3 ft , 1 4 ft.) 11 hj, H. o. feraiua, " 1 V ' average 4 JS . S. Stearns, " Sli " ' U 0Z Comparing the results above given, and even on th basis that the people of Rutland do not burn gas as late as at Burlington. (not verv probable as a general rule) the bills at Rutland are at least 25 per cent, cheaper than at Burlington. By comparing excep tional cases, the highest bill at Ru'land with the lowest at Burlington for instance, a ditier ent result can be obtained of course but a fair comparison proves an advantage of more than 25 per cent, in favor of Rutland, as gen tlemen can judge for themselves froA the above facts. . Test of gas made at Burlington, V t., by Messrs. Merriam and Cole of Rutland, Messrs. Blodett & Co. of Burlington, and Mr. Haw ley of Albany, Jan'y 23d, 1861, at Blodgett & Co.'s shop : . Inchei marked by eluule, Burenglh Burner uteri U" ",u""" thcrebeinKS8inche.be- In Kuril r uteu. - hour. .1 .un,tl.. T'anHiea. (iaa conaared pef aour. 4 9-10 ft. ' 4 9-10 " 41-10" . 5 2-10 " 4 8-10" Johnson. Walsh, 1st, " 2d, 3d, " 4th, " r.ti 73 10 07 71 8 63 6 5.0S 69' 6"1 my, 5.08 69 V 671 2 8 10" " 2d again, 4 4-10 " Johnson " 6 1-10 ,180 2 67 59 Which Is : 1 foot equal to 1 69-100 candle, or 6 feet equal to 7 5-100 candles N.B. Price of 1 foot of gas at Burlington 4X mius. lest of Gas made at Rutland, by Messrs. Merriam. Cole ana nawuy, at Mr. Al-mam's store, Jan. 24, 18S1. Burnet- uaed be- Canaumpdon Inchea marked by ahade, iltg the aarnt aa per hour. there being 96 inch, in previoua teat. betweengaa a caadlea. Candlea. Johnson 2 t 71 9 00 Walsh. 1st 8.0 ' 71 8 76 " 8d 8.0 " 72 X 9 40 "2d 24" (.9 6 70 " 4th 8 9 " 71?, 8 8S " 6th 1M' 6-X 6' Johnson 2d 2 8 " T2,S 9 13 18.7 67 01 Whloh Is 1 foot equal to 8 05-100 candles, or 6 feet equal to 16 26-100 candles. N.B. Price of 1 foot of gas at Rutland, say 7 mills (It may be of interest to consumers to add here, that after the above test, Mr. Merriaiu's Sun burner was tried to test its value as a burner, and gave a light equal to 17 6U-100 candles, while burning only 3 4-10 feet ot gas, which for 5 feet of gas, would be over 25 candles Strong.) To determine the comparative cheapness of the above gasses, a -cording to the above tests, and the prices charged by the Gas Co's, make tbe following calculation : If a light equal to 159-100 candles (the value Of 1 foot) at Burlington costs 4 1-2 nulls, what would be the cost there of a liht equal to 3 05-100 candles, (the value of' 1 foot of Rutland ttaa V) Anawr, 63 iuillj. But the actual cost at Rjtland, not taking into account the larger discount allowed, is 7.00 mills. Advantage in cost of gas in favor of Rutland, per foot, 1.63 mills, or for 1000 feet, S1.63. It will be borne in mind that the results ob tained as above stated are based upon facts ascertained (and acknowledged pu liely) by your own committee. They therefore con stitute the highest evidence. Lest it m ty be said that a different conclusion would be ar rived at if other places had been visited, the undersigned will place in the hand" of Mr. Burnett, for reference, a report made Feb ruary 6th inst., by a committee from White hall, (Missrs. Vaughn, Griswold aud Davis,) as to tbe tests made and bills taken by them at Glens Falls and AVtmeball. The report is too long for publication, or it would be given here but it stales that while by average, ac coiding to the bills, the cost of gas at G'ens Falls is $1,83 per burner, it is only S1.21 per burner at Whitehall, aud that according to the tests made, tbe Au'oin Gas at Whitehall was more than three limes the strongest. A tew words more in explanation of the extraordinary statements made as to the cost ol gas at Brattleboro, and the undersigned will leave this whole ul ject to the good sense and candor of the citizens of Ra'lai.d. The following is a statement a given by Mr. Merriam, of bills taken by him at 13 rat tle boro : Houghton k. Blak-, dry good. 8 burner, fift witn Cole's C"p; e.os at 8 or -j, until Dec. lb, theu at7; eierk stops in the S'ure and u-es 1 burner for 1 hour perhaps, bill lor tf inj s. July to Jrnoary, Sii.bo Vt . f elton, booka.4 burner. 1 an argand. aver, age ct, 4 ft. Cole's cap, closes irom 6 to Pj. Bills for 8 mo'. 13.2" C. A. Tripp, jeweler. 4 burners, 6 ft. biroen and 2 srgaud. Boms lor tbe last S mu's until 1" average. Bill for 6 mo'a 31.40 D. VVs Levin, boots ic shoes, 6 bun era, 2.4 ft. Cole's cap, 2 Johnson 6 ft. aud 1, 4 ft., closes at 8 till ?s.4o H C. Fisher tV Co , dry goo'', 1 burners, 6 ft. patent burner, closesat 8. BllftorSmo s 23, ' Frost It Goodhue, grocede-,6 burners 2 John son 6 ft. . 3 G lea-on 6 f t . and 1 Wood 5 (t., clo-es at 8j to 9 Bill tor 6 iu" 40,80 E. J. Carpenter. nes-r..oin. 5 burner. John son burners, aveta'-s 3 to ok. closes from f to 9. Bill lor ij nouths 2'i.1v' Doubtless in taking the above bilis Mr. Merriam did not intend to be unfair, but he acted ex par'e, arid did not cross-examine tbe parties, to fix their attention and correr! first hasty impression.-, as was done at Bur lington. Jt was his first i xpericiice, and In received the statements as to burners Used, size, hours burning, as n-ven. because they answered his purpose. 1 hat the state ment was not correctly given howete:, ili appear from the following iufe'em es from it : 1st. Mot all the parties state ibe used all their burners. 2d. 1 he cost for 1 burner pfr month by average is 91 cents, aud iu some cases as low as 65 aud 73 cents. 3d. Although all the burners but five are 5 and 6 feet size, and same ol them argands. they altogether consumed for the six months only 51.500 feet of gas, or 325 feet a night, which, allowing 2 1-2 ho trs average burning time, would be only 3 1-4 feet per hour lor each burner, instead of 5 and 6 teet. In Mr. Tripps' case, the average burning time bein 4 hours, only 2 1-4 feet per hour i. It ft f r each burner. 4th. The statement makes the gs more than three times as rich as at Glens Falls or Burlinjton, and 50 per cent, richer than at New York, Albany, Philadelphia, or any other coal gas in the country, known to tne. Even then supposiiu it to be true, (over looking its improbabilities ami selfcoutra diclions.) it is an exception, and no cr.tetion of the value of coil gas. Bat we are not driven to any such supposition. The explan ation is easy. The ptriies could not have used the Lght as stated, either as to number of burners used, or length of time. II. Q. II AWLEY, Treasurer R. G L Company. Rutland, as. T. Q Mclvallor being du ly sworn, deposes and says, that 1 he gas on hand at Rutland, previous to the test of said ga, made the 24th of J?nuary last, was made without his krowinsr that a test was to be made, and was ma le in the usual way, and that the gas made on said 24th January, was also made in the same manner and from the ordinary materials commonly used during this winter, and that nothing whatever w;ts added or done to enrich tbe same beyond what was customary iu the ordinary opera tion of the work. T.QUINCY McKALLOR. Mr. T. Q. McKatlor appeared and mile oath before me, that the auove statement is according to truth. John Cain, Notary Public. Ruthnd, Feb. 11, 1861. The Lowest Type ok Humanity;. We take the following extract from the ariide ou "Barbarism and Civilization," in the Atlan tic Monthly : In the interior of the Island of Borneo there has been found a certain race of wild creatures, of which kindre 1 varieties have been discovered in the Phillipoine islands, iu Terra del Fuego, aid iu Suuihern Africa. They walk usually almost erect upon two legs, and in that attitude measures about four feet in bight ; they art; da k, wrinkled ami hairy; they construct no habitations, form no families, scarcely associate together, sleep in trees or in caves, feed on snakes and vermin, on ant's eggs, on mice, and ou each other; they cannot be tamed, nor forced to any la bor ; an lth ?y are hunted and shot among the trees, like the great g rillas, ol which they are a stunted copy. Wnen they are captured alive, o.ie finds with su prise. Out their uncouth jtbberiug sounds like articu late language; they turnup a human face to gaze upon their captor; the f miles show instinct of modesty ; and in fine, these wretch ed beings are men. " Bridget," said a M-s. to h r hired girl, who had recently arrived Trom the Emerald Isle, and who was very little acquainted with the names of some of the household uten sils, "go and find me the 'spider' I want to use it a few minutes." Bridget, who was always ready to obey her Mistress' orders, went in search of the spider ; but as she was not expeditious in finding the spider, her Mrs. called on Bridget to come. Bridget, obeying her Mistress, and looking somewhat excited, exclaimed: " Mestriss, I couldn't find nara a spider, but I brought you a cob-web !" " Patrick," said a judge, "what do you say to the charge ; are you guilty or not guilty V" " Faith that is difficult for your honor to tell let alone roeself. Wait till I hear the ividence." There is no greater obstacle to success than trusting in something to turn up instead of going to work to turn up something. Amendments to tbe Constitution. REMARKS OF HON. JACOB COLLAMER, OF VT., In the Senate, February 7, 1861. Mn. Collamer. I have a memorial which I desire to present. 1 1 present the memoral of J. Blake, and eighty-one others, inhabi tants of Swanton, Vermont, praying for the adoption of the measure cojamonly known as the torder State propositions. It is rarely, I think, that I trouble the Senate ; but I de sirs now to make some remarks, lor which I beg indulgence for a few moments, in rela'ion to this subject. I aui not proposing to make remaiks about sex-essiou, or coercion, or sla very, or the merits of any of these topics at all; but the petition which I have presented inii.kes the exetci.se of the power of Congress in relation to amendments to the Constitu tion. It is upon that topic that I wish to speak for a few moments. Mr. President, I am willing at all times, wht;n the occasion properly calls for it, to ex art. 'we the powers that we legitimately have by the Constitution ; but in my estimation, no exigencies can ever justify us in resort "tug to any rt of devices and expedients which (he occasoiirrjay call for, that are not consis tent with the Ta.ir construction of the previs ions of that instrument. Now, sir, what is the true meaning, tje fair import, of the pow ers which are given in the Cotistnu'iou to Congress in relation to its amend nent V When the Constitution was adopted, and those who mi le it were about to put in exer cise this great experiment, having created for the first time a General Gov-rnment with all its departments, and curtailed ii large proportion the powers which the States had previously exercised, to correspond with it. they said: "Now, it may be that this Consti tution does not invest sufficient lowers in the General Government tor its smooth and suc cessful operation. Experience may show that. What, then, shall be done in such a contingency' It will be a contingency iu which Congress will have ascertained by ex periment precisely what further power ihey need We say, therefore, that rhen Con gress have thus ascertained that they need any more delegated power, th-y hall have authority to propose aiu-tidtneuls to the Con stitution, which they shall send to the States or to the people of the United States (if you please) in their Slates, either iu convention or in their Legislatures, for their adoption; and if three fourths of them adopt them, they shall Ist-cuine a iiorfion of the Constitution." This was wanted for the use of Congress. No occasion was required for calling any na tional convention ; but the occasion would be one which experience would develope, ami which Congress would feel the peed of, anil su h was the arrangement to meet that con tingency. But they further saic : ''Perhaps upon exp"rietice and Uon trial, it will turn out that we have transferred too much power from the States lo the Gener.il Government ; it may work bard for the States; they may need to have amendments ; now, what provis ion shall we make, what arrangement shall we prvpare, for such a contingency. It can not be reasotubly expected that Congresi wi!J, in Mich an event, make any propositions tor amendment to strip thems-dvrs of power which has been already delegated to them. We therefore must not look to Congress for relief jin such an emergency at all. Hence it was that provision was made in the same article for such an event, for such a contin gency, by provid ng tat if two thirds of the Slates shad pass resolutions requesting tbe al. of a g.-neral convention for the puriK of proposing amendments to the Constitution, Congress shall call it." They said, if the ."Slates want the Constitu tion amended, let ihem amend it as it was made, by a national convention ; let them see each other all anouud ; let t!n-m con pa re their views; let thein see each o:her face to face, and then make such arrangement' as the circumstances at the time may require; and when they have thus proposed their amendments, Congress shall s-nd those prop ositions to the State, either in their Legisla tures or their conventions, for a'lop'iou. It will be observed th.it in the latter arrange ment the first h-adiiig feature is ibis: when the people or the Mates want amendments which they suppose they tieed, th. y are to have them whether Congress will or not ; if thev call a na'iotial convention in this way, Congress has no power to sop it, but is oblig ed to Call it without knowing what amend uentswil be proposed. The .wt ties are ii"t bound, in their resolutions which a-k for a general convention, to state wl at amend nieiiis they want ; bu' simply to i'ec'are th t ihev want a convent on ; and Conre s, in ie two thir ls of the Stites join in the call, is bound to call it; and again, when it is called, and it proposes amendments, d ngress has no right to examine into the merits o' those amendments, but is bound to send them out to the States at once ; it is imperative ou Congress to do so. Hence it is we see, Mr. President, provis ion is here made that amendment, to the Constitution are to come from th ise who wanti them. No idea entered into their heads in those d.ivs that the old rule of co. union sense would be overthrown, which is, that propositions for relief of any Wind .should come from those who want it, and not f'om those who do not want it. Now, let us apply this to our pri sent condition. Doi s this Gen eral (iovernment feel the want oi any more delegated power ? lias experience, shown that our General Government does not op erate sinoothlv for the want of some other delegated power that we need ? Not at a'l. N'o one suggests anything of that kind; we want nothing of that kind. What n xt ? What is wanted, or what is said to be wanted'.' It is said that a number of the States desire a uen lments to the Constitution for their se curity. I am not about toenter inlo the mer its of those amendments; but I say that is -aid to be the case. Now, is it not, from the p:ovi-iou of I he Con-iituiion to which 1 have alluded, perfectly obvious as to ho such an object is to be reached ? I think it is clear ; it ieaves no doubt about it. Well, sir, h-ve any of these fctates ever made any attemi t to call a national convention to get a redtes of grievances according to the Constitution ' 'ot" one. 'Some ot 'I hum have H wn into se- ession ; others are threatening it ; but not an attempt has been mule by any of them to get any re lie. s within the Constitution at all. 1 h ive nothing to say of that, parti, ul.it ly : I n I sav that Congress ought not to undertake to exercise the power which is given to get iniendiiieiits which they need, for the pur pose of getting amendments I r the Slates, which it"isHaid they need. It is to perveri the uses for which it was givrn to them by so doing. Such attempts will always fail; an I it is obvious why they fail. First, we under take oconjfCture what the States want. We a,e "'oing about here framing amendments to semf out to the people. What amendments? Anything we want or need? No; but some thin.' which it is conjectured the Stales need. Who knows what they need i Who knows what they want? Who knows what they will be satisfied with ? Have they manifested it to is? In no way. It is a mere matter of conjecture; and however much respect 1 miv hive for the source from which these conic-lures come, still tor all I cannot but see that it is a lame and impotent attempt ... a poweV which was granted for one Purpose to effect another and an entirely d.flereut Now, Mr. President, let mo go a little fur ther, to show its inapplicability. Suppose vse a-ree to the amendments here. Have the people of the different States ever seen each other in convention, and understood each other's views about them all ; but we are going to kcm.uPnh"J and invent them ourselves, inmate them and send them out to the States, and ask them to i ineui wiiuu .-. . . ys. , .iZAil in at all. The attempt never can ' ' 7 .i L . . .1,0 th no- it cannot succeea. mo nature ui tuc ."-bt - , 0,i.r,t The provision of the Coaptation is not adapt ed, never was meant, to secure any such pur pose by the action of Congress, originating amendments for the States, which they have not asked for. 'I he conclusion, then, I come to after what reflection I can give it, is, that as I view this part of the Constitution, which I think very clear when read and considered in the light of the circumstances in which it was made, I never can underlake to participate herein undertaking to ma.e up, and invent, and contrive, and conjecture amendments for Stafes, which the States themselves hae never asked for. I think it is entirely mal apropos. It will be entirely unsuccessful ; and the very fact now that you find such olds and ends, su-.-h various opinions alout what they stall be, and a thousand projects that are presented to us, the very fact that yo find yourselves in this cotidiiion, manifest? that the rinciple which I state is right. Ii shows that you are in this condition because you are trying to use an iuatruiuentality which you have for one puriiose for another, for which it was never prepared, and to which it is not at all adapted. Now, Mr. Preaideut, I have one other Mr. Bioler. I ask the Senator from Vermont to tell us how hu reconciles the theory which he lays down with the tact that the very first amendment made to the Con stitut.on, with reference to the sovereignty of States, was submitted by Congress ? Mr CoLLAfl er I will answer you entire ly, if will bear me through. The P"siiino Officer. It is the duty of the Chair to announce that the hour ioi the special Older has arrived. Mr. CoLLAMKR. I hope I chill be allow ed to go on. "Certainly ."' - Certainly !" Mr. FyoT. I hope, by common consent, the special order will be pa-seil over infor mally, until my colleague shall have conclu ded his rem irks. I p esume Hie whole Sjn a'e are desirous to hear him upon this point. Certaii.lv !" The Presiding Officer. If there be no on'eciiou, the Senator may proceed. The Chair hears none. A r. CoLl. amkh. I have eaid nothing, and shall say nothing which can possibly involve the feelings o! di lie rent aides, or dillerent parties it. ihe Senate. At this time, 1 have nothing to say about that. I rise to nuke remarks ! lo myself in relation to the me- ii 7ril which I have presented, which invoke the exercise of the ower of Congress in re lation to constirutiotial amendments. An illustration may be drawn from onr history, in confirmation of the prmciple which I have stated. In the elei tinii of Pr-s-id-rit of the United States, in 1 SO I , it was lo in l that the arrangements whi. h had been made in the Consti: u ion iid not "p-rate sunjothly. There was al.t Ost a fail are iu th (iovernment. Congress then thought th contingency had arisen for which this p'ovi sioti was mad-, and Congress proposed au a:i er.dment in order to be relieved of that diflicutty. They sent it out to the Sta'es That was exactly what Congress ought to have done. It was adopt d. I come now to another thing, which I was just about tosjieak of when the Senator from Pennsylvania interposed. It is quite eay lo imagine and our own history presents a precedent for it this state of things. Sup pose, for instance, a State, or a certain num ber o1' Stales not two thirds do not desire to call a general convention, eith-r because of a want of time or some other excuse, no mttter what ; th-y desire no general revis ion ; they only ile-.ire one or two pirtieular amendments; and suppose t'lat one, two, threeor more States should state to us that they desired the following articles of amend ment to be adopted as pit of the Constitu tion of the United Stat-s, (naming them.) and they present these to Congress, with the petition or request that Congress will s ibmit them to the conventions or the I.egisl itures ot the different States for adoption ; now supjiose su.-h a state of things presents itself ; Low would that fall within the . principles which I have before remarked upon 1 When Congress prepares amendments to the Con stuution. and sen Is th-m to th-i peoole, they express their approbation of th-m; it implies that they are their amendments ; they make them and it reqnires two thirls to do it; which implies. I take it, the ex-rcise of their judgment, and a judgment so decisive as will carry two thirds of the Senate and of the House of Representa'iues. They are the amendments which Congress want, and which Congress approve. But suppose one, wo. or three States should draw up some amendments that they say they do want ; not that we conjecture at; not that we guess; but which they say th-v di want: what will you do in such a case ? Supjose some of the Slates prepare and reduce to pr per form the amendm-nts which they desire; and they hive so mu b confidence in their sister States ht thev are wilhnf to su nn t them to them ; for that verv desire an I re quest to subtii t the a implies a cot.fi len.-e : n tw. what should Congresd ) on an occasion .f that kind? 1 think it is quite clear whv th-v should do. I believe Congress should not pass on the merits of those amendment. It is a p-tition, a respectful petition, a -tillable petition. I think that Congress sho dd not present th-m as their amcn lin-nts. Well, how wt-'uld vou do it V I would do it in this way. 1 would recite that whereas such and such certain States (naming them) had pre p trad su -h and such articles of amendments to the Constitution, and h id presented them to Congress, an I had requested Co'.gr-s to submit them to the States, th-ret'ore. and in pursuance of th it rcpl-t. Congress nr-scut them to the States for a lop'i m ; ami d i' ly the two-'l irds imjorily required bv the C n stitution to render the proposal eli'-ctive. I grant, wh-n they ate amend n-uts wh ch Congress prepared, undoubtedly it is imp'ied that thev express their approb ttion ot th-m : but in the case I am supposing, and whi'-h I consi er a 'middle case between the two. no approb ition or disv.prob itirtn of Congress is expressed ' or implied, nor is it necessary. Let me read the article : " The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall tl-em it ne-essirv. shall propose amendment to this Constitution, or. on the application of the L-gisl t'ures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a con vention for proposing amend lien's, wh eh. in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purooses as part of this C institution, w'len ratified bv the Legislature s f three f.ii't'is o the several States, or by conventions in thre fourths thereof, as the one or tin o'her mo le of ratification may be proposed by the Con gress." It does not say that Congres shall recom mend the a nendm 'tits, or any of them. It is said that thev shall nroiin-e the anient - meiifs, but not tint they shall recommend them. I think Con ;ress. when there is a re spectful petition by anv State for cer'a'n ar ticles of amendment, should pass such a joint resolution as I have just indicated, with the recital or preamble thereto. Now, I come to the ease that the ScnVor from Pennsylvania alludes to. When the Slates adopted, in their several convention", this United States Constitution, several of the States recommended certain amendments ; a number of tho States did ; I d not know whether two thirds, or all ; but a number of them recommended certain amendments to the Constitution. What did Congress do ill themV They were not amendment that Congress prepared. What did they do ? The States, in their conventions, had request ed these amend nents to be adopted. What did Congress do ' I will turn gentleman to what (hey did on that occasion, as, if you please, a precedent for what I state. In 178a, in the first Congress, was passed the folio win; : " The conventions of a number of States, having, at the time of their adopting the Con stitution, expressed a desire, in order to pro vent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clau-es should be added: and as extending the ground of public confidence in the Govern ment, will best insure the beneficent ends of its institutions: j Resolved by the Senate and Houte of Jlep reentatwes of the United Stiles of America in Conqresx assemb!ed,(to thirtla of both Houses concurring,) That tbe foilbwine articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several Mates, as amendm-nts to the Constitution of the United States, all, or anv of which arti cles, when ratified by three fourths of the said Legislatures, to be valid, to ail intents and purposes, as part of said Constitu ion." 'I here is a direct precedent for the case to which the gentleman from Prnnsslvania calls my attention ; that is the very case which I have now aup iose.1. There the States, or several of them, did request amendments to be made, siatitig what they were, and Con tress did not ifopose tho.- amendment, as theirs, but they paase.l a joint resolution, Stat ing the fact that several States had reques'ed those ainendin-nts to be made, and therefore they p-esented them to the 'people for adop ion. That ws the very case. That is in confirm tion o my views. It is a direct precedent. Now. Mr. President, without aking up the time ot the Sen ite, which I dislike to do ex ceedingly. these views govehi me in my ac Hon in relation :o amend. ndnfs io tbeCon stiiution, though thev probably may not gov ern anyl o ly el e. I should ike to have them undeiS'ool mors at large, because I think the H-ople h ve be. n, somehow or other, lea I to look to Congre--for relief .y constitutional atTendmeiits; vhen the power, ot Congress, as I understand! them, are literlv iin.L.i,i.d til thelll. Hut cannot say, as I frequently lody,that I desire to speak lo hav- no id-a that the country hear said in this the ( out.trv. 1 ill ever hear vtHiat I sav about it : but still I have presented mv vL-wsof what 1 rcard true dunes. And now. I have to say flat, though I see little propect o amending ii this wav, confi dent it never ca n succeed. )M afer all some t'.ing m.y lie dc tie. I fnv-j nothing to sav alKjut ca ling a a'ionaN o venrion. That is a matter for -h- States and the p-o !e to do they plea- UMi:i It is .erfecliy evid-lit from th- Con-trution, that it w s intend -d to be called wheh-ver it W4i d-sired by tl. vates, without anv a-tion oflCoti 'ress at all : but evtu iu de' I'ho u.di ui-n t ui-tits h.-re, ma i i t e confer-n. city. I can still fi'e of it opinion, if vou will. nv n t Sirrte uiem ameiid- not agree ii!jon am-nd nent tha' is gnii)ig on now in this one. ive it ijeis-ible that two r three, or ino States "llig t agree on some ametidments. and s md ih-nJ her-, a is p o- pos i in in- reso'utiMtis ot V rginia. with the r-q i r that We o'lOuld Send L -gi-litures o' he States. them out to the ! str I (-an er n- ite that th at doutingeii'-y rp tv happen, and my mole of tratmg that Subject would be what I have ifidjcat- l. I think, iu my hum b'e judgin-nt, !that on such a oufingeney Congress should pa- a resolution, such a th-y did in 173. re. iting that this had been requested, and presenting it to the people bv a two-thir Is vo' . and riot stand up and sav they did not like the am-ndtn-iit, and would not permit the people to have a chance to vote on them. Such are my1 views, sir. "Mav it please your honor," said alawyer. a ldresing one of" the judges "I brought the prisoner from jtil on a b'ets cor' us. Well," sai l a ffllow in an Under tone, who stood in the rear of the court, "these lawyers will say anything. I sa thi man get oitof a cab at the court door." A.v Obvious Truth poor laboring the hardest of II, I don't know is. that ic is the man was told t'la pom wai m-'tal. "Is it ?1 si I fl intier! aiouf thai ; aii I know hardest to get Educate the who!- man j the head. th heart, the bolv : the heal to think, the heart to feel, and the body to act Many beaufifpl ladies. w!-n wa'king out. seem verv angr if th-v irt- gtzel a;, and sadly disappointed if they ari- not. A facetious bv asked onebl his playmate s how a hardwire d-!-r dilf-fe l from a h f- maker f" The lifer, sotiavwhtt puz'e!. give it up. "Whv. sud thtl th-one soli the nil!, and be other nailed the soles." I i Well." J toe, 'this is a qujer world," said hi. to his wife ; sect ot-worn in philoso phers) has just sprung ur." Jane; "and whit d th-y strangest thing in ntture," tongues !" i An envov frotn Ciinai' English court. It is ai I he In I I," sai I ho'd ?" "The ul be. "their or'l y to visit the xpct to p.;r- form hi "kow to ' th-re knees ami knocking his friwiifcf on his he I nine time against the fl r before Q l-en Victoria's foot stool. . Ge. I'i -Vens ha vi-'dtd the io:. fs'lrw Mtjor .id-r-n o i.tjreh prnvi.t.ioa i- C, ar lesion, t.iit tri-M ws a' firt some dificu'v n put h i-i'ig. the t.titchers n- i grver b-iu. afrsuf they shi.ul I te nvibSed if they 'ip 1 the en-iriv. But a en-. t'S"tor h i H-ci f .on 1 at'd sur.piie are sent twice we k, hut on'y such as ar- fur inn- Itste n-v mi fha 'h" lale authorities rir. ru ih-ti ' fT a" m.m -nr. Pi- eo, e-pon f. i.r of th- .V w fork F.v-ni.ig I'.isi at C't ir!-to-i wri. 'i' fh stt.ck oi the fort will no f e d f-rre.l ri I 'be MontTOT.erv convention lake- itr'oi n. th' ul i-t ; and I th. .letiiiti I th .iiT.-n.fer ii th- .m the ou h rn eot.f.-.tl rsrv. it will h- eiven un or the le era' .,'i.v r -m-nt ntit accept the aJternadve .t einl w ir S cue o'her r-ssoi f .r -teisr .hat the caption on .Tame a't Morris Maid act -um esrn ,.. we w nt its' ir.ii ' an I the fl niinj hi'terv i- it.r inple. I v'''' '' it v.-.tt-r lav ; it pro -is. ... H- n ore f..r.... 'ahle t ctri 1 h ., rtu t..'c,f Tic M'lcr end, that tre t':e-....n in vill he plf . i p. cent a fr..nt of ..y-r .Jve tv f-ei ii m UH. wtnle emht port holes ar - tdep'r'! forth It then us from the h. mm r ir- nr mo iit.i.n m a h'-nr " i wen'y let r. atio t least setj-ntv '"' " ,r"m f'ro tl to rt'.ie. Pir i-nVt ar. at w irk l co. f .mi itl .- " 'I'.ie ne-ni'-ai'v 4honl tht tl .stitl-' ho;-, i. w ethtr M.i -r n-lecvi will tll.rv.t f.r..,..r.f a.l .'.Co'cl ,l.n..l-tt-f' with ut int iferin with th- t.-r. ". ' ' should c.m. I. is. .-''-"" with sh- '--fore thev w. r res lv. it tif .'h. pmh.r"tn'.. I he HI,. U ,Jm fr t an h .f- u- th- d lay. and are v4b "f T'" l-n'.l-' cA.vm n-a-n-l C". I'.i -cns who i tf cUre I to f near Iv s. -in a Hu -hsrun himself ' KxOov A.ke-i. who w-it a:i ( -c.v.s. n-1 ,., hr r now n.-k-n j p s .er.'i r- em.rhi. ...I s, ,-i.f.i -nth -he ,Ot.le He has recti 'v ordeel sev-r.I A-ms.rong ca'.' r .m Kn.-' i' lst a ro it of $ lo.-HH) each, n l will pie-e'ir t'lem to th" t it. V .Inrc irv p..nH'e"i " ront-n-i- f-v b ro the .ov-rnui-nt i-i u ns fr.cn V -0 M '" each. whi '. r'i '" lei n naoer deiv to 'e in any sene forced loan. . f..-,V I.aST IKOinecir Th- r.llowinc st tetne... i "L- "'' "" " ,me!d Jr .f f-hila l. Il.hia, t'"-. i no reason to ques tion its truth, for Mr Benton a!w y had a kc.n aen for southern irfa.on and a patriotic dis.osl at r : few mon-h before the (J rcase of the la'c Colon. I H nton he sail o a xoaoi p'di.irtl fri.-n 1 'hen on a visi to Vahin t-. i : ' Voung msn you have skc.i ihe Hall of Patent, the H-at Olfi e'. the (Ntit'l; for whom have rhcy been l.uill at such enormous expense?' For thMieo pie of the Unite! H'aifl. I ii .pose.' ' Utitrd Stat ! No, sir no ! Thev ar- for the Son-hern f'onfederaey, which has huen pi .King for the last five and twenry years, and whi -b I irreatly lear the naiinn will' not wake on t discover unt I it is too lute.' !nem'(erii- die words of the dying Benron, 4- were not surprised to hear Senator Iverson of Oeorfia declare in his place. I sen no reaon why Washington city sha'l not he continued the ripitol of a Southern Confede racy. The hiiil-lings are ready to our hand 1' Nor to hear Mr. Il'ieit of South Carolina affirm that secession hakl been in contemplation fur thirty years. ' Bi;rnt im hbr Ckinolinb. Another victim to crinoline i redorded in the London papers. Miss Moria I'owcr, of Hyde Park sqnare, was standing before the grate in her fath r's drawing room, when her expan led dresk caaght fire, and she was burnt shockingly, notnin; reroaioingon her hut ber skeleton skirt, sbs died in great agony. " CorrtttpoadcuOsi of the Horald. Castlcaos!, Jan. 29th. 1861. Edito HeaALB e It has rwrely beeo mj privilege lo attend an examination so fall of In terest and reflecting so much crditOD both tfsach ers and studeots, as that held at Ctutltnon Semi nary, Jan. S2nd and 23J, at the close of the last term. The appearance of the scholars, as well as tbe report of the Principal at the termination of the examination, rae larorabfe eyidec.es of the com pleteness of the system of discipline adopted by vlr Koowlton. The proiframma of each day exercises was admirab'y arranged, affording; snffl dent variety to maintain a lively interest throogh oat. iMearly every class was worthy psrticniar no tice, bat tbe mention of m fw mart snlllce. Tbe classes in Arithmetic and Algebra did hvnor to Mr. Williams and tbe roe m tiers of the clases. Jsdgins; from the appearance of the classes, and tho manner in which their examination was eon ducted, Mr. Williams most be an eminently suc cessful teacher. The First Class was cond acted holly in French and indicated rare proficiency n that language on tbe part of Miss Strong and her papils. ' " The K-em of tbe whole examinatit was a class of yoane Misses in French, and the breath leas silence ot the room bore ample testrmony ro tbe interest cf those present. Misses Katie Love- na ana Uertrade bherman (nine years of age J Icier ye especial notice for the promptness of 'heir replies and the distinct tone of voice in wh'ch they were uttered. The class lo Evidences cf Christianity indicated extraordinary applica- ion on tne part ot the siadenrs ; aad that In Lojjic did as welt as Senior Ciaaaes in College. The clans in Eovlub Literature was an inieliect- ual treat. A Concert and Exhibition was riven in lbs Ohapel cf the Seminary on Wednesday evening. It was a decided success, the Chapel being lite- aiiy packed wiin sperutors. M. Tbk Steatosis nor CsawiMocsron a Com- ratfcBcr. There is considerable open hostil ity in Louisiana to the achsms of a tooihet n cob ederary. The Mew Urleaas Boe iasiets that Looisiana shoald maintain ber independence, in he first place on tbe seosihle goaad that each a confederacy formed by States who have last vin dicated the right of separate Slate secession vculd be bat a rope of sand, and in the second jlavce from jealousy of the atnbiiio-as designs of the otter cotton States. Says the Ree : L otsiana. seaud proo lly on tbe Gulf of dexi'-o bavin,; in ber keeping the key of the ;ntc of the world wide valley of the Mississippi, orn to command arid lo sway the deatinr of nillions upon millions, weald he in a hope less r.inority, ana te made to auoruit and to conrri ue at ibe cot Of her uwn ci'y of New Oc ean toward raisin,; the decaying and worn ut cuies on the Atlantic to some art'tici! ri valry with the imperial city of Now York. And n a hopeless, d.ci- ed min. riiy in any aou'hera of.ted.rary. low could we avoid bei(i; bled to leath to feed anu r-tre.h mot-e eme- olated hadows ? Do not visions rise np of job for i vies that can f either he built nor manned ; of hs for arni es, never raised, hich aim at ex racting Irom 01 and fqiistnifiit; millions of notiey Ooi an army of . fScs-holders T" Several Georgia pai-rs are alxi contendin, Mrne(ly a,;int a viit!iem rorif idera'-y. prm oent airi'ini! them ihe Au.-a-r Cfi'Ofi.cle. Is Un is t''at(ieor-i snail iohi the lart'eri.art .f Klor..f and bectftn- a $xiwerful inoei rtident siate, with coraifiercial and ma.tibtciannif facil-ri-s ihat will jtve her a control n,,; osiiion and nke Savannah rhe m tropolis of tbe South, . Idle if idie merges herself in a ou hrn ronfed racy afie will b-t-om- a vi-t m of u rty rival riea 'lt if ihe South ariuev D'.dcr a cotn'tnon eov- rnttient. the Chronicle ii.si is iht it rou-t be a ontitutniil ruotiai. hv t.r soiuethint- like it. from which there sha'l be no sec-ion. This is ixely to turn out as ha Isren predicted The sjothern Ststes cannot talely a; into nrKtg nth South Caiolina unle s they te her np and le-troy r.er ancient preroatire ot secession at he outset. Trie Mcbdeb or bis Ucl bv William L. Yaac r. The fact that W L. Yaocey kilJ--A his nnclc, Dr. Carle, of Snath Carolina, has een stated in general terms, bat the details nave not hen given. Dr. E .rle lived one mile and a hxlf wet of Greenville, where hi widow lill resides, if alive. A few handred yards .'i t-nt is an old fiol I. so'netime ased for prartic ing on horseback, bat m.re lr-qienrly reioned to as a master ground. This was the occasion .fa drill master, when Dr. Esrle's son. ahr.at ten years old, went on the croond , as all bys ek to do, and darintr their wheeling and tara ine. the boy got in tbe way. Yancey ordtsred him to get oat of the way. bat the boy. in tt confusion, got more and ii ore in tbe wy.where ipon Yancey lashed him most unmercifully with horsewhip Dr. Earle not st home, bat on returning hor e through tbe town, a fri-nd told him bo cru-lly Yancey had Ueate l his on. Dr. Earle called on Yancey tor an ex pi a. nation Yanrey told him the hoy had heea very insolent and that be had served him right. vVh-n Dr. Karle reache l borne, and learned the fact, and f uii I that Y ancer had tied to him be returned to Ureenvi" : in search of him. Yan cey, knowing tbe pluck of Dr. Esrle, at d that he would be detected in the falsehood, prcpued h'mseif for a fibril. Dr. E found Yancey on Dr Crittenden's porch, and on marching upon him, was shot down by Yancey with a pistol. These are the farts, as we hav; them from on bora and raiss-d in that vicinity. The f-t that he was convicted upn trial, and imp i-onel. and after wards bet-a ne the so j -ct of Executive clemen cy, corroberates the troth of this version. This is the msn who pro:ared the diiaptioa of the d -ro xrorx- party and the nomination of Breca.io rid ;e. KuaiciiLr ( 7taa. Whig Tub Sric Govt. ut! tsr or Kss. The State govetntsent of ICtn.as, chosen more than a year ago. in anticipation of her aims-don as a state, an) largely Itepu'tlit-an in all is depart incuts, will spee bfT as,.,e its fnnctions; and w t'p'o a mouth two Ke'iuMicins will tae ad Jed to the L S. Sena'e fro-o the new S'ale. The execaiive and judicial offioer of tbe new State re a f .lloss : Go'Vinor Charles Robiason, formerly of Mss.achaset' Ueutrnant Governor J. V. Root, formerly of ("otitl' Ctl. uu Srcretttiy f Slate J. W. Robinson, formerly oflauie 'Trfiturer William Tholen, formerly of New York Auilitvr Georn W. Hidver. former' of O ... Sufri"tendr7st of Ptb'ie tnHrucitti W. R Gr fli'h. f .rm-rly Illinois Clint Justice Thomas Ewing.Jr , formerly of O'lKt. Awiate Justirrt S -ma,el D. Kingmsn. for merlr Ken n.-ky, and Lawrence Bailey, form erly of New Hampshire. Ir!DTlo M HoLLAfD A f-m'.le Jnan dsti n ha is-centlv -carr-l in 11 I 'and Ihe Hccoont of thcWm'n wtiich Lae retched this c .unirv arc of the mi apt.all.ne rtitaca. r. The dkshoh ptweess tKi low lands of the conntrv fro r. the tnrnaf f h . Hr.,- away and the water r-jhe thra ;i mass- of ice rose above the tlxd and were .wept on in its terrific r nre. suhm-riiing H II. barn, cofta (..., droW'.iti s '" c4d- a I d-stronii: every thing The inVaSiUn .ng'it 'efa : n h.r aide, where, bctm b-d i h c H. witi nt hcl dini.. r oth-S. fire "t nrovi-ion fh"V h d to p- davs of .n"X.rc-ihl terror h f-rib'e at,r tl a. Thi inundi'l i lb f di'as'ee wh.ch h is ever occurred In II d H. nwing in t-art. no doubt, to Irs havin-; aoccarred io mid winter . Tun sHifM:sT or Arms to a Srorrao. In older t pe-ve-r h- -hi). n-"t a'.ns r he ...r. .....n-s.a the Hi-bar pi ice and 'h n.tnl m-n of fhc Fir wtr l hve r cved ed ra 4ehll fhc --ailing resels Ur-aod ml, ,,....i..-.l f..r littv-st'.n M.'.;le. New flrlctna and o'hcrso'itl'ern ports. Su long aa lfe r-r.l-ce ex-.cic tbei- igd'nc in ihi mii'-r, ahiim cms of on re. hand ar'i.-le- .y '.T m-d veir. rr be consider, da imp. sih;c..V. Y Evening Pont A ain'u'ar wsiyer was won recent'T v a skat er on the lake of Grontit,n.ar Nami.Be1giem. e h-t that be would sV a'e for an hour, carry ing a ha-kef of ege on his head without freak tng one of thn. He accomplished the feat in fict rare style, hav.nrr during the h-inr a-ritri his name in elaH'wa'e characters on the ice. e- ;des tracing an ita nensi vae'etyof en-npl-caied figures, and at las' set down the basket and re ceived the wager, amid the cheer of all present. A dealer in dsy e'tods in Paris has engseed the service of several we.l dressed ladies, who promenade near Lis store, and when thev see any lady looking into the window two of them an proach and excUiti. Oh, S.n't it sw-etf or, 'How cheap i Let o to in and bay it 1" A v"ong hitter in Danbary, being out of vork. was offered a dollar a dav hv a rl..nr..i march the streets all day in his Wide Awake uniform, and carry bis torch an hour in the even ing. Being in want ol employment, be iwk he j and get his regular dollar a A j. Hurt ford Vets. R. P. Baker of Fall River ha erathered three I distinct growths of pairs from tbe same tree, on J his premises, daring the past season. The first j growth i large and fair, the second of fair S'se, i end tbe third nbout the size ot a pigeon's egg. -The variety is known as the Baarre d' Axjou. kit S.&XQWLIOX.jPriiigipal.