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wwMMWa o.,..,,,.,,,,,. i , f, . K i t j u i is u l-tali. IS rCBLISnED WEEKLT BT GEO. A.. TUT TLB & GO. rsaxa o bvbtcmttiox. Vllltj-e suri'crib-srg, served by carrier Office and Mail subscribers, in elubs, Sina-le Mail subscribers l.T6 . 1,2 .1.60 (Hr-If payment Is not mad striotly In aiioe, 26 wuU will in all case b added to tbe teims and inttirwt obarad alter one year: but do paper will bu " . . . J .. ' . .. until .... ten. to tuDsoriuers oik ei tMsw" r aud wUbd tn SubavTipUon x.p' th PP8r wU1 uuoonuuuea. TlttHS OF lP'STIjIKU. For 10 lines or less lor m ree weeks, 1.00 For eaoh week's co"luuuoe' vUre" cenw per line. A liberal ailouce mads to those wbo advertisu largely. HuecM oouuaoui maue wiui yenriy tuers. c OLE'S OYSTER HOUSE a m r RESTAUKANT. Alio, Confectionery, Fruit and let Cream StUo-n, VOK LADIES & GENTLEMEN, No. 1 Merchants Row, Kutlaud, Vt. In connection with the above establishment, there ar litted up a suite of Supper Koouis, for the accom modation of 1'nvate 1'arties. Also, a good Dancing Hall, with Dreeing Kooms. ... Uvsters iu every style, and delicacies in their sea- mi F. MOW KEY, l'Uotoirrapliio Artist. Union Building Main St., ' and Claras' Block, Merohauts' Kow, Kutiand, Vt. Ambrotj p, ileiamou pes. .o., made in the bent 1 tyle ot the rt. I'liotOjjraphs lu miniature or ill lie, neatly colored In oil, making a superior pio j urn. - ft-tf I LEWIS & FOX, ; Wholesale and Ketail dealers in Drugs, Medicines, hauut Mcoiciues, Chemicals, Artists .Matrriiln, 1 er luiuery, i'oilet aud Fauoy Articles, Lamps, Kerosene i Oil, burning Fluid, l ru.Hr.es, supporters Mill every tbiug peilaiuiug to the Urumi Hade, t'lenciiptiuus carelullv uiteiised. Merchant. Excuauge, Kutiaud, Vt. ( oUL.uAN f HANOEK, MAKHLE A,NL VVOHKS. KAlttUAVE, VT., U A VI AG removed our business to the large, new ouiiuin litei- oooupieit as a FuIuuk Mill, ad Ailtin. H Alien s AlaiblVard, we are pre-iiaix-l 10 luuuutacture, l O N U VI li N I s , H EADb lUHs MAN 1 LE l'lEtlES, TAULE-TUl'S, Stc,, lu every variety ol style aud atm-li, ol the BE HI' VERMONT MARBLE. Also, .darbleized alate Work of all descriptions, sucti as M W I'LE-l'lECEs, I ABLE A.N'D UUttu.AU TOl'S, Blt vCrvEll OtlELVES, AtC rairhaveu, Vt., oopt 1800. 39-'5m FilAMJIS I'K.nN, Wiioiesale aud liecail biuK,..l, Ham Street, Kut lata, Vt. 1,4 UriN KY F. SMI I'll, M.D., fuvsiuiau aud Surgeou,CaUetou, Vt. uniceNo. 2. Union lil.jca. V.B. MUSSKV & CO. V i.i. aad lt--uiii Oeulerrt in Klour.i'ork, Butter. 'iiL"-f, Ltrd, Fiii, Beaus, rigs. Apples, (Dryauu l.r.j.i.i li-ji, sjii-i. ijoil'oi.', ilo;a-r-e.', Eiuid, aud all iiu.ls ol'uoods u.-ual.y tt-pt iu the trade, tl A. F. Sl'EN'CKLi Jit CO., Dealers in Keady-Made Clothing, Hats, Caps. Watoues, Jeeiry, Clocks, Notions, Ike. ac. No. 2 ;l.jo. Kutlaud, Vt 2tl Fit ti. ' II v itix;ti.iiv. iKalen in iitrdwtre, Kuraiture, liraiu, Kluur,lrou, Sieei, Coal. Nails. U uiss. I'aiuts aul t)ils, salt, Car pets, Uirror, Sc. near the depot, Uut.aud, Vt. L4KLtlOlNT St NICHOLS, Attorneys at Law sua floiioitors in naucer Uerc.'iauis iiow, Kutiand, Vt 51 :ly i'limitr ciuitPoiNT. T . M C U ' 1 C. E. (iRAVKS, vt;uro M Uaw, Uilite No. 3 Merchants' Kow, ovei iw store l " craves Ifc Co. : ly MARTIN G. EVKKTS, xttorue) iiid Counsellor at Law, and Solicitor J i.aimery . Otiioe iu the Court Uouse, Kutiand. Vt K H u BE n "iiTr II KAJL L , Vttorney and Counsellor at Law, Solicitor in j'luucery, Aaeut tor i'eiiiisioiiers. Bounty Lands, 4c. )ilioe, 2d story I'hrall's Block. Kutiand, Vt. "sTlELDONS & SLASON, (Successors to Sheldous, Morgan It Slason, Marblt Dealers, West Kutiand, Vennout. L. Sheldon, Chat Sheldon, 11. A. Sheldon, Chas. 11 Shisou 10. ly 1)11. E. V. N. H Alt A OOD. Denttil Surgeon, Washington st., Ku' and. Vt. All operations perlorined ii a careful.skillful & thorough mannei ). W. PRIME, KSurgeon Dentist, iiramlou. Vt. Otliot LX'at the residence of J. liosoeter.ojtpositi tlie Brandon House. " CL A RIv ci 15ROTIIE RS Dealers in vVatches and Jewelry, Clocks, Silver Ware, Kuiicv tiociiis. ice. Kepairing neatly done al ihrtrt nun.:.- Agents for th" sale ol'Colts and Wind ior Kevohers Ciiuks' H olIv, Kiuland, Vt II j i.Aita A. W. Clark, N. Clark. r pt'.NI'.i; md dci'er in .Sueel u sic , SI usIikI Intru Illeiit-. vl :l-l0 Banks, ( 'lil-'kering's 'Hid Bo.'irtiu.rn lituv t '.'o.' i'-.i'ioiortes, Ko-s j- Morse s lelmleons. (irovur Jfc Baker's Sewing Machines, kc . 8rc. Ueroliuits It nv. Kutlaud, Vt lTtt fi&f'& 'zf-f uri(tv"l nml Ue'hiiui-itl Deu- "-U-3-J-Ci. Mice cor. Merchant s Kow and West Streets, Kutlaud, Vt 21tl W. V IlIUBARK. M. !).. icalaiiil MttrhatiH'ul l)eutit, rP&Sfr-trlfL OlHce lirst door South ot the Semiunry IrftTI'ouUiiey. Vt. 1-ly I) 11 . M. TEFl'T, JtgySj& Surgical arM Met: ical Denti.-t, Uirvja l'ou:'l'",'v' Vt. otlice, one door West 'lTTr IF ot J J .toslins' Store. I) cay reui-jved and Teeth tilled with tiold w ithou! hurting the patient. 3'J-ly R ii it Ir l-'ounilry sad .Tfneliinr f hop, Near ttie It. & B. K R. Freight Depot, t'a-tings of every description. Mill an.1 Machinerv Work,"furuisUeii promptly and at low prices. Orders re-peottully solicited. BOW .MAX t MANSFIELD, nutland. Oct. 19, 1809. W MISS MARY M. DOW, IGACIIEK OK THE PIASIO-FOKTE CENTRAL HOUSE, KNTLAND, VT. 2 3m RENT ! I wih to rett my dwelling house ou Main Stret immediate possession iriveii enauiie ol me at the house of A . F. Spbnckh. Urine Street. CUAKLLS UUKT. Rutland, Feb. W, Wl. PET Kit C. JONES, WHOLESALE AND RETAIL P A P ei It W A K E II O IT S K , No h Water, Cor. ot Devotishtro st , Uoston has cou-tautly on band and for sale a large assort ment ol all kinds of P A P E It . Hook. News, Uaaillaaud t'ress l'aper, manufactured to order at short uotica. Agent for SMITH Sc l'BrKU8. Enameled Cards aud Curd Sheets. 16 CARl'KTS OIL CLOTH &. UPHoLSTKRY Mabblk Hall, 472 Broadwar, Albany. J. Vr AN (1 V A S B E E K & CO., Importers, Manufacturers, and Dealers in Carpets. OU Clotks, Win loir .s.,,(. f 'urtuin Materials anil Trimmings. Miilrn-srs. H-a-.ting. Cnuren Cushions, ani UpnolMerjtiooJs of every kind. Wholesale and Ketail. late .loliuVaiiljiiasbielt,Cit Carpet Sture,lil(,reen-st ! J VAN HA ASBKKK. 11-ly H it. WATSON C L A It EMU NT M A XIIFA C T iTuTXGCo M AHUJACTU KKIIS OK PAT Hit AND HOOKS, PUBLISHERS. PRINTERS AND HINDERS, Wholesale and Ketttil Dealers in Books and Station- 7' ', and I uro'iasers ot all kinds ol t aper Sto-k. laremout, N. 11 9-lv I)IANOS, 8150! Rich Rosewood A- Cases Warranted. Having again rebuilt oi r Factory we are sesin lurnishiuir our S U P E R I O R PIANOS! ALL PRICES AND STYLUS. Send for Descriptive Pries List aud circulars to BOA RDM AN, OKAY CO.. 3 Manufacturers, Albany, N. Y'. WILCOX & GIBBS' SEVVlNi; MA- 1 ' CHINK. What others say ot it. "It is in- ueeo & woudertul production, and lor tarnily use es-V-'-ialiv. no otktr machine witltjtar any rompartson with " ; - l'tiila. Evening Journal. A lIlciiAlliuHl wonder ,: Seientirti Amerinnn Or .81,. ,y J. It BARNES. F Alt M E US. RO ( 00 11 AHUK l.S .iL, r' l'i it nuK.rrK. made bv the l.cii Mauutnctur. i',. rnr s.le t il to ult iturctiasers. I his in li'i'iaitAi'm vkhtilizek in market. 3 worth will "luauure an acre ot corn, will increase Die crop from one-third to one-half, aud ripen the crop two weeks earlier, aud unlike guano, neither injure the seed nor laud. A pamphlet, with satisfactory evidence and full particulars, will be sent gratis to any one tend ing address to UKIFFIXG, BROTHER k CO., 60 Courtlsnd St , New York. General Att'ts for the United States. 6-10w IOIt SALE. Valuable Real Estate . near the Depot No'hetter busiuess location in town. Ksre opportunity fOr an investment For par ticulars inquire ol J. K. BARNES. Rutland. Feb. 6, 1SC1. 6 tf NEW GOODS! NEW FIRM ! NEW GOODS ! THK subscriber would respectfully announce to the citizens of Brandon and vioinity tht he is open ing a new aud complete STOCK OF GROCERIES, &c, At the old stand of Amos Holt, Jr., where maybe found a lams and well selected assortment of GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, PAINTS, OILS GLASS, PAPER HANGINGS, CONFECTION ARY, CIGARS, Ac. c, Which will bo sold as low as the lowest for rash . Every article bought at my establishment will be warranted as good as represented. Call, examins and judge for yourselves. GREEN GROCERIES, FRUITS, 4o.,inall vari- lies in tnatr season. JOHK W CHASB aaadon, Hay Si, 13tj n tf VOLUME 67. RAIL ROADS, &C. RUTLAND & BUKLINGTON Jt.U 1 NfiO. Winlrr trmnirnrnl IKfin. (S and after Monday, Deo. 8, Trains will run Leave Rutland for Burlington at II 00 A.M. 8.00 and 9 20 P. ST. Leae Rutland tor Hallows Fallsa! 5.i6A.M.,and 10 ft P M Leave Burlington for Rutland at 8.36A.M. 2.46 . n A O DA l HM Leave Bellows Falls for Sutland at 12 26 and C or i t 'i-W 1 . IU. E.A. CHAPIN.Sup't Rutland, Nov 2. 10. 26:1v M. V. B. BULL, WHITEHALL. N Y , MAKOPACTCTKEK OF COOK, PARL01l & BOX STOVES, Hollow Ware, Farmers' Boilers, Caldron Kettles, Iron Road-Scrapers, Straw-Cutters, ftc, AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS, Iron Fronts for Buildings, Columns, Door-Sills, Window-Sills, Windaw-Caps. Front Pieces, Cor nices. Iron Daors. Blinds and Shutters.Chim-nev-Tops, Iron, Fence Iron Stairs, Railing, Balconies, Ac. made from new Pat terns of the latest and most aDDrOved Styles. STEAM ENGINES. LATHES AND PLANERS. Kolhng ym oaatins. Nail Machines, Boiler Rivet Machines. Drills, Shaitinir, f-uiierr, Ouuiiinsr.and all kinds of heavy and lit; lit Machinery. Castine and Job Work. Heavy aud lieht Forcing, of all kinds, raiiem wotk or aii,aescripnons lrratting. Designing, ftc. Also sole manufacturer ol the NEW YORKER P L O W . The sale of which will be given exclusively to one dealer in each town throughout the United States. I"?"AII orders promotlv tilled, and Wares shinned by Lake, Canal or Kail. Koad. 38 ly I 7 G LE t ........ FOUNDRY & MACHINE T)OWMAX & MANSFIELD 1 would resnectfullv inform their m Btiur. friends, patrons, and the public lie ienerally, that their new FoundrA ami Machine Shop, located on Union Mr2ii treet ueartheR.i B R.R. Freight '5W2: Depot, is now oomple, and they are preparer' for making all kinds of castings. Par cular attentiou paid to Kailkoad Castinus, Mill ud Maohinkby vv ouk ot every ilescription. 1 uey also taRe tins occasion to express tneir grate ful obligations to all those who have patronized theni o 'iberaily heretolore, ana earnestly solicit a con iunance of their favors othceover the store of Messrs. Barrett & Son. Rutland, Oct. 18, 1S59. 42tf R UT LAN D YO UNI) 11 V A X D .Ma chine SHOP CO., Near Rutland & Burling ton Railroad Depot Furnace Street. Rutland. Vt. JOEL U HARRIS, Agent Orders solicited lor Car Wheels and Railroad Cast ings ol every description. Mill and other castings, ol all kiuds, Cast Iron Pipe, Water Wheels, Castings for Agricultural Implements, Iron Fence, Fiuzxu Kailiugs. tic, 01 the most approved patterns. .Also. MAUU.MillY VtOltK HMMIfcl) L I t.''.'l I I u A lull assortment of Gear aud l'uiley Patterns.- The usual sizes of Oear aud 1'ullev Castings con stantly ou band. Also, the celebrated Ht'iiLHCUi l'tows. and the New Euglauii Mower. Circuiars reopectiug the stauie aeut toauy address desired all work ai low prices 11 E M E M B E K Our stock is all of Latk purchase. No old out ol style, shop-worn goods. V e dial euge the State t. produce s large ab assortment of line lAiUV GOOD, Aswecanshow. We are bound to sell the people of Rutland Fikh Goods, believing it is lor our inter est, and knowing it for theirs. Oursaies tlius far hava been beyond our expecta tions, aud our stock will be iucrea.se i in amount and variety as we ascertain the wauls auii tastes of the community Just received SIX DOZEN LOW PRICED SILVER WATCHES, selling lor a very small advance. HAIR JEWELRY, made to order with line Gold mountings Same hair used as lett. jT-Dou't forget the place. Cramtou it .Nichols Block, Kutiand. Vt. 40 BEN K. CHASE. N E W F A L L UUO I S ! .' Just received at SPENCER & WVATT'S. A very large assortment of DRESS (iOOUS. SUA W l.S, CLOAKsi. TRIMMINGS. Cl.Oll i: ASsl tfEitES. Vtisl'INiis. HAl'S AND CAl'Is LAD1ES' SHOES, READ V MADE CLOTHING .fcc, c. Among our Dres (ioods may be found all the nov eities of the season. Plain aud Printed Merino, Piisamettas. Plain and Printed Wcol Del.ains Moliair-. Poplins, Valencias. 1 Uueiitii'es, Muslin DeLiius, Plain Printed Embroider i's. French, English Scotch and Americau Shawls. Printed and Piain Flannel, Morfcns. Balmoral aud Saeletou Skirts, Carpetings. Rugs. &c . &c. OurCLOlHING i" made in Vermont. We keep no Southern slop made work. A very large asoortment of Cloths, Casimeres and vesting. GROCERIES of the choice-t kind at lowest prices. including our celebrated L n uaiur 00 cent Teas. We make no uuotations of lots, but will give the BEST MERRIMAC PRINlS.at lOctsprju. BEST MANCHESTER M. D UAINS, IS BEST UEAVY BROWN SHEEI1NG. fcj " " ALEXANDER'S KIDGLOVES, S ctsprpr. We buy all our goods with Cash, and w ill sell for ready py as cheap as any Store in Vermont. Dou'i be 'humbugged by credit Stores, but give us a cai! before you buy. Castleton. October, 1S30. 40 tf REVOLUTION AMONG Til K CLOCKS ' CLARK & BROTHERS. Have on exhibition and for sale 1 WO CASE CLOCKS, that run without friction and euire no oil, aud warrauledto keep accurate,tiuie lor 25 years without repairs or cleaning. A'so. this day rtoeived another large invoice ol Rich Jewelry a'nd Silver Plated Ware. AT iniEIR NEW IRE, Clarks' Block, Rutland, Jan. 7, lSiil 2tl VALUABLE REAL ESTATE FOR T SALE. The subscriber oQ'ers lor sale the Faim belonging to the estata of Geo. W. Webb, Jr., de ceased, containing On Hundred Acres, situated on the Creek, near the North Flats, in Clarendon, with a pasture of One Hundred and Seventeen acres in Meiidon Said Farm is in a high state ol cultivation, and has thereon a good two story Brick House, with all nescessary out-buildings, and will be sold separ ately or with the stock aud farming tools thereon. The stock consists of three horses, ten cows, three hundred and twenty-five sheep, &c . &c. ACUsAli H. WEBB, 8-3w Administratrix. rjjAlrLOR & DICKSON" CLOTHIN G WAREHOUSE, Nos. 65 t,67 WORTH STREET, New York. A large stock ofCLOTBlsu for sale for cash or good credit. We will not refuse the latter, but these times prove that nothing is so good as the torrner, and to such buyers we will give every advautage. There has never been a time iu the history of the trade w hen we have manufactured CLOTHING .SO CHEAPLY, and this advantage we will ilivite with our custom era, or give them the whole ol it if required; only give us the CASH, and you shall have the goods at your own prites. Worth Stkkbt, cobkkr Church St., Near Claflin, Mellin & C's. new Store. 9-Hw H OUSE AND LOT FOR SALE. The subscriber offers for sale his House and lot, in Rutland Village, on Evelyn Street, opposite Barrett &. Son's Store, iienr tin Centra) House. A N ). 1 two story Houte.24by30 with back part is by 43. contai ing 12 rooms and two pantries, f be House is well finished throughout, aud lurnished with gs hard ud soft water, a good deep cellar under the u lnili bouse, outside hatchway, and nice buck ash house inside. A well finished Barn, 18 by 24, Slate roof, with carriage room and stable. Size oflotii'J by 130 feet, maple shade tree, iu front. Terms easy, and possession given the lirst ol April if desired NEWMAN WEEKS. Rutland, Feb 19. 18(31. -w BOBBINS! II AS just received a good supply of new aud desirable styles of Ladies' FALL AND WINTER DRESS GOODS, Embracing, Figured and Plain Merinos, Cashmeres, Parauiettas, Delaius, SDOts, Cueoks, Stripes aud Milks. Also, Thibet, Brocha, Stella ii4 wool titiawla. All Wool. Cotton and Wool. Silk aud Wool and Canton Flannels. Ginghams, Calicos, Cottons, Cain bricks, Muslins, Dinems, Ticks, Batting. Wadding. Gloves, Gauntletts, Hosery, t ins, iNeeaies, iliread Tape, BiudiBg, &c, ftc, ttc. Rutland, Sept. 10. I860. 37 1) I A NOS! PIANOS!! x ouhly acquuinted with every part of a Piano, is the sole asent lor thirt vicinity, lor th sale of thecele- uivcu lUMruuienui ui HAZLETON & BROTHERS, Which took the first premium of the late N, J. Stnte Fair ovrr bteinwav A Sons' make, and are consid ered the fcsil in the market. Prices moderate, and every instrument fully war ranted. For further particulars ennui re ol Mu. A. E. Hopkins, Maiu St.. Rutland, Vt., or of the suupcnoer. - A W. POWERS N. B. Mr. Powers will continue to tune Fiunns in Rutland three times a year, about the middle ol April, August ana uecemoer. uruers left with Mrs. Hopkins, will tie attended to. ftiMUudtoB, Vt., Jan. 2, 1801. 2U For the Herald. L I N E S jj Suggested by reading the President $ Farewell Address at Springfield, IU. . ST MISS X. . BBlOOfl. I cannot sucoeed without divine aid. Lihcolh. " Pray for me'" the words were spoken By a noble soul, and true, And the wintry air was broksn By the cry, " We'll pray for you." For we know our Heavenly Father, Doth all earth's events direct. And through his almighty power. Ever will the RIGHT protect. " Pray for me "a weight was pressing On his great and noble heart. And he knew without God's blessing, - He should poorly act bis part; But upon His arm reling, He's gone forth to toil and rtrife, Soon to till a lofty station. In the battle-field ol life. " Pray for me "the sound is thrilling Christian hearts all through the land, And the voice ot supplication, Echoes f orth from strand to strand. Sane but Him who stilled the tempest; Walked upon the stormy waves, Can preserve the Truth and Justice Wnich a troubled nation craves " Pray for me " methiuks the angels, Must have heard the trembling voice; And did in the courts of glory, o'er i lie precious scene rejoice. Yes, we'll pry timt uod will blesa him, Till his journey here is trod, And may this great, powerful nation i-carn. Like him. to trust ti God. Fairhaven, ri., rcu. loot. - STATE OP THE UNION. SPEECH OF HON. E. P. WALTON, OF VERMONT, IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, February 16, 1861. The House Laving under consideiation the rt'port from the select committee of thirty three Mr. Walton said : Mr. Sm-aker : The events of the last ninety Java show that the Federal Government is ill an experiment, and perhaps as doubtful now as it was when Washington declared, in his first inaugural address, that " the preser vation of the sacred f.re of liberty, aud the kstinv ot the republican model ot govern- inriit, are justly considered as deeply, per haiis as finally, staked on the experiment iu- trusted to ihe'handi of the American people." It has successfully resisted all assaults trom ithout, and stimulated within a growtn ol civilization, material wealth, and moral power unparalleled in any nation or age oi the world, li has mutiplied the population of the nation bv ten. and its productive power by more than ten times teu ; it has extended its domain from ocean to ocean, and brought the scepter of commercial supremacy within its grasp ; md tor the. freedom ot its people, the novelty of its political machinery, and the brilliancy ot its results, it has commanded universal ad miration and respect. And now, while a peace with all abroad, and but for the wretch ed, and we may hope temporary, consequenc es ot maladministration ot the Government, prosperous at home, we are threatened with an 'iistant aud utter failure of the experi ment which Washington inaugurated, and with the instant aud utter wreck of the em pire which he founded. It is national death ; it is death to our power, security and grand eur ; it is death to our national name aim tame; and a million deaths, it may be, through anarchy iivi civil war. For more than a quarter of a century, South Carolina has deliberately aud persist ently aimed at the destruction of the Union: aud this design was not more monstrous in iniquity than it has been masterly in execu tion. The great statesman who lirst conceived u s iw the end from the beginning, shaped the means to the end; aud so sagaciously shaped lljciii il.Lti iUl rf tl zieo- ple. and that patriotism whi.h he oll'cuded, have been made instruments for his work. lv the a-sertion of new and strange pro slavery principles, at first repulse., by every 00 .ly, but ultimately carried out, in a large degree, by the annexation of Texas, the Mex ican ww, the fugitive slave law of 1850, the Kansas and Nebraska act of 1854, the repu diation ot the Missouri compromise, and the raid upon Kansas: by pro-slavery agitation and pro-slavery acts the South was seduced on the one hand, and the North repelled on the other, until aJl the old national parties were demolished, and the North and the South politically divided by a sectional line. The Whig party in the South was blotted out in 185; the Democratic party of the North was divided, and the Whig party ot the North blotted out in is5b'; the Democratic party ol the North was deliberately assassinated by its southern allies in tha spring of I860 ; and thus was secured the fore-ordained triumph of the Republican party in November la-t. Aye, toreordaiucd, prayed tor, labored lor, and rejoiced at by the plotters of disunion, aud by none more iteartily and sincerely. The election of Abraham Lincoln was not the reason, but the occasion, for disunion : and the occasion was instantly and impatiently improved by ordinances ot secession. The Government here had ample warnings of the designs of the conspirators; and but lor the neglect of the Executive, the secessions ol this day might have been as harmless as were the nullification of South Carolina in 1832, and her secession in 1852. The President was warned by avowaJs of the secessionists ; and as eatly as October last he was specially warned, by the highest ollicer of the Govern ment in military rank, and the peer of the highest in the world iu military reputation, of the dangers to -which the country was ex posed, and ot the remedy withiu his reach. Warnings were neglected, treason lurked in the Cabinet, under the very eye of the I lesi dent, and reveled through the Executive De partments. The Army was dispersed in dis tant Territories, and the Navy in distant seas; ihe loyal North was disarmed to arm the dis loyal South ; and the Treasury was depleted to rob the Government itself of the means of defense. The preparations for secession, re bellion, and treason, were effectively made, and nowhere more effectively than in the Executive Departments at this capital. State alter State has seceded ; Ojvr fo: ts, arsenals, magazines, hospitals, post oiliees, custom houses, mints, and money have been seized ; the Constitution and laws of the United States have been violated; and the power of the na tion delied. The President has notified us of these events in message after message. I think (he tells us) all this is very wrong in the southern people, and the northern people are very much to be blamed lor it. I regret it ; I cannot help it ; I am impotent. "The Gre.ks are strong, and skillful to their strength ; l-'ierce to their skill, and to their fierceness valiant ; But I am weaker than a woman's tear ; Twiner thun sleep; fonder thn ignorance ; I-.C8H valiant than the viririn in the flight ; And skilleiis as unprutie'd infancy." The President has failed to use the means that were iu his power to defend the Govern ment. Perhaps tt ought to be said that lie has been deceived and paralyse! by the infi delity of his advisers ; but, in any event, ho has cast himself upon Congress Hitherward the eyes of thirty million people are turned, and here the hopes of all the loyal and the patriotic are centered. True it is that here, until a very recent date, they looked and hoped in vain. Congress was as powerless as the Executive. Here, too, was disloyalty to the Federal Government; here no men, and no set of men. able to control the action of the Senate and the House. All that is changed. In this House, at least, the Repre sentatives of the Republican partr command a majority in numbers ; and they must and will be held responsible for all that shall here be done, and all that shall be lett undone. What shall we do? What shall we refuse to do ? The answer "must depend upon the necessities of the case, and the extent of our powers ; we must do only -what we have the rijjht to do, and what is expedient to be done. Six States have declared that tby are no longer under the jurisdictioo of tbl Govern- S , ! ' :'i ' ' VX-i'AIrnii HI'..'. , ! T--T "1 RUTLAND, VT., THURSDAY MORNING, MARCH 7, ment s a eventh has withdrawn from t hi Tin ion conditionally, and others remain condi tionally. Six States are now assembled in convention to form a new confederation; and the address of its presiding officer declared me position tney contemplate. Said he : "We meet as representatives of sovereign and independent States, which, by their sol emn judgments, have dissolved all the politi- ua associations wutcn connected mem wnu the Government of the United States. It is now a fixed and irrevocable fact that the sep aration is perfect, complete, and perpetual ; and a great duty is now imposed ou us to provide a government for our future security and protection. We can and should extend to our sister States, and our late sister States who are identified with us in interest, feelings, and institutions, a cordial invitation to unite in a common destiny, and be desirous, at the some time, of maintaining with our late con federates friendly relations, political and commercial." It becomes us first to inquire whether these States are really out of the Union or in it. If they are out, our duties are plain. We are I i .... -. at once to put them on the footing of foreign nations, and I will say, of the most favored foreign nations; for neither passion nor prej udice shall ever extinguish th unwrous svm patuies auu cuaruies due to children ol a common ancestry. If they are out of the Union, by a separation that is " perfect, complete, and perpetual," then are we ab solved from all obligations due to them as members of the Union to protect them agaiust foreign invasion and domestic insur rection and rebellion, and to respect and de fend their rights as States, and the rights aud interests of their inhabitants as citizens of the United States. Our political, commercial, postal, and other laws, have no validity thee; our courts, and custom-houses, and post and land offices are to be closed, the mads sus pended, and our and their commerce put up on an entirely different footing. We assume new powers as to them the treaty-making power and powers of peace and war. To be suie, it has been argued again and again that we have no power to make war upon a se ceding State; but nobody will deny our power to make war upon a foieign State; and it be hooves all concerned to remember that there is not a kingdom in the world against which we ever had, or ever can have, stronger or more grievous causes of war thati with this txtemjiure kingdom of cotton. The seizures ol torts, arsenals, magazines, and other prop erty of the United States, by armed men, un der the authority of the seceding States, were overt acts of war. The surveillance by arms over the navigation of the Mississippi, anl the robbery of the national Treasury by Louisiana, are outrages upon our national rights for which instant atonement would be demanded from any other nation, backed, it need be, by a thousand cannon ami a million bayonets. But, sir, I will not contemplate the picture or the prosject of actual war. nor even the prospect of two Hoe of standing armies and threatening forts in two confederacies, stretch ing one thousand or. three thousan 1 miles, from the Atlantic to the' Mississippi, or Iro n the Atlantic to the Pa' iffe. I will only a t 1. that if the seceding States are really "out ol the Unicn, we have new and urgent duties upon bur hatids, in the settleim-nt ol new, dif ferent and all-important questions. 1 pub lic dqbt, the public lands, th" public build ings, the natioual ship-, the national obliga tions growing out of public treaties such. !or instance, as those touching the slave tra 1 the claims of States and citizens ol the I 'nited States upon the Government all these top ics present questions of the gravest import. The navigation of (he M;ssi-sipj,i, and tiie control ot the Gulf of MeMro, is another mat ter that will permit no delay . An 1 then ho will vou Settle with she .".--liii- S .t'.-s. ;.. eluding an item of 2oo, 000,0 -p.-m j(Jr the purchase and defense ol territory now o -' i pied by them V Sir, if these .States are out of the Union, let Us turn our attention tithe, . questions. There are none graver, none mure urg -nt. If these States are not out ol th Union, then the old obligations and power remain upon u all ot them m lull force, al, ot them unimpaired. Thos; obligations we are to discharge, and those powers we are to exercise, just so tar as the ciicuinstanees o: the case will a Imi I ask, then, arc the se ceding States out of the Union y I do not intend to diseu-s the riht of se cession or revolution, which has been so largely argued in this debate: tor, in my judg ment, the matter is completely settl 'd by tin Constitution itself. There is no power, ex press or implied, conferred by the Constitu tion, upon any department of this Govern ment, to perforin the last, the a 1-essenti.tl. and the crowning act of successful secession or revolution ; that is, the recognition of the independence of a seceding or revolutionized State. Slates may secede in fact; they mat form independent governments, and teceive the recognition of the world ; they may resist and successfully resist this Government; and yet this Government has not the constitution al power to recognize their independence, nor a constituiional right to treat them as in dependent States. The Constitution was de signed not only as a '-perfect" Union : it was designed also for " posterity," and therefore as a perpetual Union. Section ten of article one is, throughout, a prohibition of secession, because it is a prohibition to every State ot powers essential to an independent nation. The abrogation of the Constitu'iou and laws of the United States is rebellion, and resist ance 10 them by force is treason. A persist ence, however long, is but continued rebellion and treason. So tar, then, as this Govern ment is concerned, until the new power ol recognizing the independence of a rebellious State shall have been constitutionally conler red, we are to refuse such a recognition ; to refuse to recognize tiie agents of weed.! ig or rebellious States; to refuse to enter into a settlement of any of those grave ques'ious to which I have already alluded ; and, to tin best of our judgment and ability, we are to maintain the sovereignty of the United Slates, to execute the laws, aud bring back the re bellious States to their allegiance to the Con stitution, and to their late and madly lost es tate of liberty, security, prosperity ati'l peace. I confess that I have thought it will be a hard necessity, for the want of constitutional power to acknowledge the independence ol a seceding State, to endure a protracted period of anarchy or the horrors of civil war. Pei haps it wi 1 be a necessity too hard to be borne, imperative enough to w trraut ,vi assumption of undelegated power, as in the instance ol the acquirement of that very Territory wloch is now the theater of this grievous discontent. I5ut we are not yet warranted to make an assumption like that. The necessity may come ; it has not yet come. In spite of the confident declaration ol the ex-Secretary of the Treasury, I must deny that the seceding States are yet out of the Union, and still in dulge the. hope that this d 1d4rati.n1, like vari ous'other official anil equally confident esti mates from the same quarter, is altogether too illusive 10 warrant any assumption of undel egated power. In no instance yet has the ordinance of secession become) the act ot a State, or been recognized by the sovereign power of a State I mean the people. Ihe ordinances have been adopted by conventions, elected in the fever of an excitement stimulat ed by false representations: hastily elected, without filature dhliheratioti. and without a full vote of the people. Thejcons itutions of South Carolina and 1 londa provide tliai " No convention of the people shall be called, unless by the concurrence of two thirds of both branches of the whole repre sentation." I am not awate that this provision has been complied with in either State. Be that as it may, I find that in none of the other States are conventions authorized, at all by their constitutions; and in an ' BmHwiiiiix" I find that their constitutions can be amend ed only by enactments of two Legislatures in succession, with fr in three -to six months noti.ie previous to the election of the second Legislature ; or by enactment of the- Legii- lature, three to six months' publication, and a raiincation Dy the people. let, these con ventions, which ordained secession and abro gated the tews of the United Sttes,'did also abrogate in part, or change, the constitutions of their States. Thus, the revolution is twofold ; it is a rer olution in the States against their constitu tions, and a revolution in the United States, and against their allegiance to the Federal Constitution. It is double-distilled rebellion, and in no State has it been ratified by a vote of the people. By the constitutions of their own States, and of the United States, they are not out of the Union yet. By the patri otism and prudence of their people, on a calm review of these revolutionary proceedings, and the sad results already suffered ; by their regular ami constitutional action, let us hope that these States will yet be declared to be within the Union, redeemed from the usurped powei ot aspiring demagogues, and purified from their polluting touch. Surely, we may refuse to acknowledge the independence of States which have net yet seceded. At least, until the people of the seceding States have ratified or acquiesced in the revolution that has been attempted, we cannot recognize their independence. Conciliation, compromise, concessions for wore than sixty days these have been pressed upon us, powerfully and persistently; pret-,j upon us from without by timid and mistaken friends and hold and avowed enemies ; press ed ution ui by the first not more to preserve the Union than by the last to annul the late verdict of the country and destroy the Re publican party; but worse than these, press ed upon us for temtiorary peace, or a tem porary policy, at the expense of principle which never can be surrendered ; pressed upon us to keep the cotton States within the Lnion, atjthe risk of driving the northern States ouqofit ; piessed for the conciliation of rebels Who will not be conciliated, at the risk of disallecting the loval. who will not be degraded. I know there are men amon them who are actuated bv nobler motives than some of these, and who do not contem plate const quen -es such a9 thene. I know there are good men here, generous, pure, and patriotic men, of almost every sec tion and elf' every party, who are actuated by the best of motives, and have ajip'-ale 1 to us witn all the charms ot elooueuee, enforced bv t he claims ot fraternal atW-lion anil the fear ot f.'.tal re.-ulu. Alas! that these have U-"n so few; alas! that among the Representatives ot fifteen iSiates, the instances have been so rare that each deserves a monument mo-e lasting than marble. And each will have it, in the memories of all l'wI men. - Th'j say he is tt wry iuhu per , A )! stttij.-j. nioue." Conciliation, forbearance, kindness ! Yes. r. S; ker, I will accord all these, even to arms. Christianity demands it : hu- rebels manitv ifi-ni tri Is it : the ties of blood and the b- lids of and I won! 1 .rove to a wondering; world that my country. a!ove ail others. rcsoiidsto such demands as these, Oir ( i.ivet nment is bas ed. 1 no re directly than a: y other, upon the tleeiiunsi and the will ot the people, and it :i, 1 in;- t b t a 1. ' more lenient thin any other to the and the otlen' es of' the people. We ical from tiie people mil to the je-o-; we must bear and forbear. As our must ap pie sane Government 01 igina'.ed. so must it be main tained, by the voluntary and unrestrained will ot' the people. Ii it cannot be so inain 'airie I. then is our system radically wrong, and de-'iticd -o certain failure. II il Ir-Iml r.-o-iie i against Great Brit tin. as weti Sutes have rebelled ajaiflst the Fej.-r i! G 'Verieti' nt htl the rebels s-iz ! tie- p ) t and rtsii.. of Dibliu. as our ii jt.'s and tort- have been s'i.d tie-re no n 01 here who will ( r a moment do j it the i,ii.i the I'.i i.'ish i 1 v. rn nent would have a.u.i i'1. in ti.ree iiu. a ( 1 r wui-i h in e -;i in the p-.rt o' I) a'.hn ; withi'i an hour the r-.' would hive I i-eii summoned to tirrettder, and. within twelve hours- the c'rv won! i hav- suhmiiled or been burnt to the ground, il-rrem -dy would haw b.-eti force, as it was. within the reni' inb-r t:c e of in all. in the ist ri-'x-liiun in C in tda : and the most dct rijetive anl unsparing ti r e, as i" was witi.oi 'his v.-r -i'v on 'h-- v.-rv - " on which tiii- ti n' Iiu smu Is. It i our fry to :re-.-nt a no: l-r example. It is ours '0 vm- fie ate t!i- s'Sii-rKirp v u' netit : the s J leriu: it y o! il" hum on! v over i-t-ii'-ii v 1 1 .-an ivertl- ju-'ioe It is 1 a . r loree ; u'l - s to p re al, aud no' ult : Ti lt serve, and no' to d-stro : to h o kill. The task uiav l.e d'.Mi have no right to s tv that it i- imp - iniv be tlia' we shall fail ; but :f w ,le. It t 111 I" s!i h an en l.-avor our ili m ot go.-eriiii is its.-lt' a f'.nlure. Iiut I trust we e for u- no such wo'-, that family of -Mat :ioii need no other 'not t ii! ; I trus' there 1 as I ui. The member- i'i s which compose this n.i remcd v than th tt which. in like circumstances of the domestic Cam. I. 1 applv 'o members I'he re.bel'i.cis States are out maniacs ot a uir, er siZ" it is our. 'o put t; manic s m 1 would t'-iight jacket ; revered 1 no' her kindiv. gentlv. a or a duliiij child ; to pro-e. t tt" 11 trom laruiing harming theoiselv. s, as w.-il as from us; to al.ninister iinplea-ant me b i:ies. per il ips, bur, n vc-thcoss, very ne. es. ary ami very salut irv ; to nurse them into health and sanitvT' genilv, t li'hluiiy, unremittingly ; and. at last, (God willing,) through patience ami long-sull'ei ing, welcome them ha -k. restored and iu (heir right mind, with renewed atl'-e-tion aud mutual joy. How madly are the seceding States crushing their 011 people; how madly crushing the merchants of the N'orth, who have conli led in them ; how m idly would they crush the entire country if ituly could ! i he Psease is. indeed, mad ness, and it indicates its own remedy. Com essioiis, compromises : a few words on 'his topic. It has had a prominence beyond ail others here, and, perhaps, throughout the ounflrv. There are compromises that can not be m ido under any "circumstances, on any cond. tions, at any p; ice. You cannot compromise the c usciences ot tlie people, or of any considerable portion of the pe iple ; vou cannot compromise their earnest and honest convictions; you cannot compromise their will. The people are greater than t'ongress, than con vent ions, than States, than all the States combined in our Federal sys icin. We. ni-iv propose ; thev will dispose. We m iv attempt to traffic in tljeir names ; thev will take care of our bargains, aud, it need be. take c ue ol us. e cannot com promise liberty ; it is above price. We can not compromise rights, justice, honor ; these are not merchantable. Cott .11 and calico, shoes ami sugtr, wheat and woolens, cat. be sold or exchanged; we can make bargains about them; but we can never bargain away the rights of the individuals who produce thein. Thosii rights are to be respected and protected; and the only bargain to be made about them must be complete ami mutual, the act of all the parties, and binding upon all ; a mutual engagement of each to respect and protect the rights of the other. There are various conditions absolutely es sential to such a compromise. The parties must be present, in person or by representa tives; they must stand on an equal footing and with equal powers ; they must act volun tarily and freely U 011 their own judgments, unswerved bv passion, and unawed by threats; and throughout their act there must be equiv alents to sanctify it by justice to all the par ties. Such a compromise voluntary, mu tual, complete, and just will be ratified and respected, or enforced. It will stand against all the assaults of sectional interests, political insanity, ami armed rebellion. I will not say that the people I represent will reject a compromise like that. They will voluntarily do anything that, in their judgment, is right and necessary to be done ; they will never be forced to do anything that is wrong. 1 will not say that such a compromise is impos sible ; but 1 do be'ieve that it 's utterly im possible now. It is a work of time ; it will demand examination, deliberation debate with all patience and wisdom. W c are not prepared for the work, and tb country 1. 1861. not prepared for it. Present events mry be preparatory, and possibly the best prepara tion. If existing dangers shall not lie avert ed, they will indicate the necessity and the gravity of the work. These dangers warn us, and warn the States and the people to work wisely, as those who are responsible for a nation's fate not hastily, not rashly, not cowardly. Such a compromise is impossible now, be cause the necessary conditions are all want ing every one is wanting. The parties are not here. For more than sixty days a com mittee of this House has been hunting up grievances and'eoncocting compromises; ami with the knowledge of that fact, and in spite of it, State after State has wheeled into the march of secession and rebellion ; their Re presentatives have withdrawn from the com mittee and from the Capitol, and Congress has been stripped, by their act, of the power to redress their grievances. With their votes, any congressional act could now be carried through both Houses, over every Republican in either branch ; and, with the aid of Rep resentatives from the border free Sta'es and the commercial cities of the North, tbey might now carry, by a two-thirds vote, reasonable propositions for amendments to the Constitu tion. As the Senate and House no stand, a two thirds vote cannot be had for any prop ositions broad enough to settle the questi ms in Mlspute. ir me present ,.oj.,ot. t;i, a.. I believe they will, they will fail because the very States you would conciliate have will fully a.. I contemptuously closed the door against concessions. Again: the contract ing parties to a co 11 promise cannot stand here with equal powers, lieeause the seceding States are not represented here at all ; and the Representatives of the remaining States cannot freely act, because they are forced to act under a more than half-executed thie.it of disunion aud war, if they do not surren der, without a single condition to save either their honor or their rights. The disaffected S'ates that still remain stand in a position hardly legs repulsive. I kn"W rhey have loyal met: here, as true at heart as the truest, an I as good as the best. They do not threat en, but plead ; they h ive no malice, but over flow with fraternal affection: they have no passion but a passionate love for the Union ; and yet their affectionate and passionate plea is. compromise or secession. Not that they will secefe if they can help it. but that their Status will secede. The ultimatum of the se-ei- iers was, submission or disunion. In ef fect, the propositions are identical, however wide tnav be the dillerenee j the spirit o! those who propose tiiem. Practically, they are one : and it is the highwavnian's demand "your money o- your lite." Now, sir, were all the otle-r conditions of an effective compromise complied wi:h; were the parties here and agreed, as thev are not ; were the proportion complete in equivalents, and perfect in justice, as thev are not, yet I would not dare to a -eefit them under a threa' '".'ho thre den y Vol one third of the free men of th nation, and not one half of the States. Who are threatened y Two thirds of the people, a majority of th State, and the Federal Government, which represents the whole. It is a submiss on of the majority 'o the minority; and that is a subversion o' 'he democratic principle of Government. It is a sub nissjijri of the Go-'ernmeiit to rebel lion ; and th i' i demoralization and degra dation of the Government. It i- more: it is licensed rebellion for all future time. It i a ppx-l.ima'ion to th world of the pert -Mat insecurity ofth- Government and the Union: insecurity of pu'i'ic credit ; me .-urify of trei ty obligations: in- cunfy of pea'-e : insecuri ty of commerce : in-e urity of the State and the people, and insecurity of all their vast and varied ;nr- e-t,. It i- a to'il failure in the first o'n'i-i t of ail Government, to wit : "curitv to the governed. It i- a total failure of ine American nui-ri m nt. Vr one. I will refuse it. and ri-k the cons, qucnees of refusal. It more dangerous to surrender to tebelliotj thiu to Tesi-t it. A compromise und-r su -h circumstance, and with s e h possible consequences, is a work to be refused bj(, the present Congress. Indeed, the dav for congressional comprom ises is past. We have learned, by sad expe rience, that ih-v are neither binding nor irr p-alable. and are forced to resort to consti tutional and permanent guarantees. It it be admitted that Congress has the power to ini tiate these, it must also be admitted that Congress and the States are not now in a proper condition for the work. Th-; States and tie- people are in no temper to warraf expectations of siiiiinis-iou either on the one side or the other in 110 temper or d-Tiber it-. I hev will not and cannot deliberate under mutual thrua's, and mvua! outrage-, per haps, and i'i the reign of aua-div and v o-l.-n -e. Hum tn nature it.-lt i agiiiist if. Wlshi-lgtOU Il ls t t ig'i' us the 1 n ut the div already III 'hit quote). .-lie from which I have Let Us reVerellf iv 1 1 t 11 to it : "Hiving thu i up ir'.-1 to vou mv setl'l iv the tnents as thev hive he awa'--m- l b ... 1 occasion which hritigs us together, 1 sha take mv present leave, but not without re sorting oii.-e more to th-- b -tiign l'lr.-nt of human race in- humble s ioplicatiou that.-im-e lie has been pleased to iavur the Vie-ric an people with opportunities 'or deliberating perfect tramj .ility. and dispo-ition tor de ciding wnh unparalleled unanimity, on a form ot goverum.-nt for the security ot their Uui n. and the advincem-nt ot th. ir h t ; t i -uess, so His divine bles-iug m iy 'o.-eqiillv con-pi - uous in the enlarged view-. 'the teiu pera'e conui!ati"tis. and .'h" wis- i.ie-siires. ou which the su cess of thi. Government mat depend." Thus was the Constitution to-n 1 ; thus must it be r-vised or a n "1 1 -d. Bv 110 u- mittee i f thirt v-three gentl- n -u t lis Ho i- -. however pi'iio'icor wise; by no decree o; partisans, -u.-h a w - are. selected fur other purpose-, and overbu-d -ned with other du ties: andbv no sua -judgm-ut of the popu lar will, iiillimed ny ail the p issio isof p in y. maddened by the crimes, and distressel by the consequence of reb -llioti and treason. Vo. sir ; no. This is no the time o- the mo ie to settle a question for all time. There is a better; it is constitutional : it isfea-ibie; it mat- pos-ihlv be accepted with unanimity by all parties ami by all the Sti e ; it is a rem edy within the rea h of the States : let the Sta'es consider if. It is a convention called under all the provision and bound by all the restrictions of article five of the Constitu tion, ami with ample power to report a revis ed Constitution or amendments; and even, if need be, to subm t an ordinance for the sep aration of the Union, an I the construction o! new confederacies. It will give timethe best medicine for these disease of the body politic ; it w II give opportunity for the re dress of all grievances, norlhe-n or southern ; and it will eive to the seceding ."states the only mode of relieving their present position without mortifica'ion or dishonor. I would leave it to the States, following the honora ble lead of Kentucky, to call for such a tiib unal ; and I would leave ad matters in dispute, all coin- romises, all contingencies, to that tribunal, and to the final judgment of the people or the States We h ive other and pressing duties ; and first, to preserve this capital, the archives of the Government, and all the public projierty. Not that I regard it as indispensable to re tain this District as the capital or the prov ince of a northern confederacy, in the event of a separation of the free and slave St ates. Were Maryland to go, with Annapolis nai- lowed by a material event in the life of Washington, and Virginia with his tomb, I ii i . .i . i. ........ i,;.. COU1U surieii'ier even ine enj mai uei ma name. The people of the North will forever remember and revere him without a monu ment; at least without one of these, which shall thenceforth mark not so much his fame as the eternal shame of those who have been recreant to his teachings, and the destroyers of his work. Thin c.anital must be preserved : not so much for the sake of public and private pro perty to th amount of many millioni, a lor NUMliEH 10. the rights of every State, and the interets of all the people. Dissolve this Union into two or twenty confederacies anj Vet ,here hnati not be one that can afford to lose this capital. it is mucn 10 say mat nere. are records essen tial to every State of its history, its services, its giory ; out it m more to say that here are the records of its rights and obligations. The State Department, with its record of all our national rights and obliga ions ; the Treasury Department, with its record of commerce and navigation, of revenue and expenditure. 01 me national ueut, winch somebody na got to pay, of debts which have been, and of prooisoi claims 01 citizen of every State and Territory which ought to be, paid ; the War and Navy Departments, with all the records of the services of States, and citizens of ev ery State, and of expenditures; in all past time, for every State and Territory; the Post Office Department, with all its records, which will be as essential in the future ad ministration of the postal service as the pres ent, however numerous may be the confeder acies to lie served ; and the" vast; Interior De partment, with it Patent, Land, and Pen sion O.fi.-e it bureaus of Indian Affairs and of Agriculture its record and proofs ot the generous cesions of pulic lands by the old thirteen States its word and proof of land titles in all the. latid States and arid Territories and it jecor js of patents, of ihe census, and of tuts publjc huilLiita : all these must be preserved at I any hazard and at any cost. The seceding States can not afford their destruction or mutilation ;the remaining States cannot afford if ; the people cannot afford it; for in any evet Union or lisunioii these are the strongest bond of juti. e and peace ; and the Administration that will not defend ami preserve them, will be treacherous to tie kacre.j rights of all the State and all the 'people. j Next, we must have a Government here, with the will, the power, and the mean to assert all if constitutional rights ind discharge all it duties, in the extraordinary complication- of domestic and f ireign questions in which it is now involved. With ouch a'tiovernmenf four mouths ago, these compilation would have beeu preve ite 1. The new Govern ment must grapple with the n all. with brave and loy al hearts, though it be with unprac tical hands. It will need infinite wisdom ; may Go I give it ! It will need xtraordinary pocr and remedies ; thes,. jjj is for u to give. Herein i our duty: to preserve the Government, not to pamp-r rebellion against it : fo preserve i's dignuy and authority, not 'O oriiig theiu lutj otitempt ; t.j maintain the Constitution unimpaired, not fo di-figure it with hasty patch-wotk; to savk if it he jks sible, the peace of the vount rv.'not to plunge it into war: to save the Lu-mef of the coun try, and secure the rt-gul'- pjruits of agri- uiture, maiiu actsre, an I counuerce, not to blast them ail bv anirchv ; an i to preserve Union of th- -States from grace, not to trifle with if. (G-d willing) the diso'ufioti and dc as it has eefi tntl-d with by timid counsel and official treacherv. I dar not av that all t'li .-an be dose; but sure I atn that it i the duty of the Government, and the duty of this (louse a a r--KnsiMe part of the Gov-eirim-nf. to 'ry. The trial 111 ut lie made, and it should l-e made ; l.y moderation to the off- tiding S'ates. u-ing nin4 of our great powers unne es-ari'v for the ijurv of any of tuein. but rather for their jirofeetiofj and benefit : by torb-arat)i e, ui,fA torlearance 1 eases to Ih- a vittrje ; bv firn:ie. m the x- U'iotl of the CAtsttu'i.,. 1 The law-, so lar as "e- circum rfare es of t'e ce rco'iite: i'i I, amid all th ever aiming fo b- danger- 'hi' surr. un 1. by right ai way- right though -tar afer -l;,r nn I'v .1 iu.ts from the firma- men', and the glxim i Federal cotis'edalioii lisolve m eo-ri; il night. i .- :,. ri(i)e:i i- not to I"- a t :! ! e- -ijli.J cu :i lion et th i ,-ti;i t it .'-i,reer- l ' il l. I f I 'i" i i'i j ft - I a.-i hy . 1 'i i-t y et !' 1 'ru-t ",e grit fa 'hire ; I tr-.-' '" I I-'' : vatioti. vet to ! .-' ot s,., ac the patriof-m f ' in an ovei rul tig a to pre-erve. a- Oil bourrifuHv b --r. out ot' contention this n it ion tor 'i.'. ViOVe rt.l. I II II !t i'l-.iv I l.-nce. II - hi''. lli I : to to in ike i.'. a- it ha-ha- p.s-el. III I CO'l'li Ci lilurie. to . .j ceii-urv 'hi been for almo-t a til'' flubte..' e.X Villi!-' "the repUti'i. xii , i nation- and people. nr,.-i' . Ui' guV atld l .. r. -lei rumen!" tut ail I.r;n r Fa' m tile c.tt ige at tv dri-u w.-re hoveri . A tt uij-t r ig. d ' ag tins; which u. in erh ss. A poor old mi s'.'vcriiig ehil ir-u. money at horn-. mill, as he ctou- le- II il'l.v "In a mi-era- U 'U 11 . I 1 fi.ll. t . c'lll- ' p.ir a sinu'il lerii g tire, i'liuiit, 1 teatful te-upc-t, aicl be a 4; were alike p.jw- ". Ill I' h pouter 'hltl these ttl'l'lgil 11" 111) lcip-of A" in- r igge.i (luak tbojt I I !: the thre-h lid of IIU-. r the r iili- door. II- dared nut enter, fur v wo il 1 a-s. imv lor -u ter, and he ti'it move fjr i h 'u.-iu. I'll h '1112! v. Nettie." I S i n 1:1 have hunted for ing. and a 11 find any," ' Vhat an av:'u. -to'in.'- a juitato ' Ye- : the old tr. s I iu I tou-: art - ha- blown iwn. that it did no' fall on wo il l certatt.iv have 1 i t'ia co il lu'! he ' us let's priv Oir Fa'i r.' and to tii.it par, stop tid we get i-i. and th-' mi-er. crouching :stcK-.l. When I bey pail-ed, i.- chil fi-h tilth to see some s iib'ii'i-s'i'i'i'i. 'I I'""!''1 feeling ole lino in- uc . " i- . i : I , l. ! -i-iit -ome angel 'O t'i , jr. e hid hulg It a lo.it at fie VII thiokii.g it -nt Hi- bim a great minv i ig da.-: but lie- -il -e ot 'V ii-'i- .-:i i- t .... i.: .. .1. ... the vol'-; ot dour softly. e,. spue lull l--r ii inn in. i. ,,..,11 W.t.-r-. lb' f'peiie.f : till t h- w in th- ! it. at id li-ten d 'o the wild. r . rv ot "d-l ght that .-am from the hill- ta I'i-hed little one-. (i dropped right from heaven. di ln t it ' ouest;ui,e 1 th" " -''" Yes: I me in love Goi torev.-r forgiv in r u bread lie -ause we a-ked him " We'll ask him every day, won't we whv . I never thought Go I wi so good, did '- ' Y. s. I alivays thought so. but I vcr knew it before. . . t's a-k him to give lather mm a:l the time, w d never oe hungry a Min. He'll do t. I m sure. "Th - storm piss.-d: the miser we it hone. i i:..l il .x-..r I. id -or an UP in t neari , it was no Jonge du d. but not I .a nun ii . .... , t narrell lore he Iii a few weeks he ,,-d given the cottage which was hi L to tie.' ivoiir laiioriiig man. And ihe liitle hildreii ever telt a sweet an.1 solemn emotion when mil rnl mil thev c I lie to th' when in (their matutinal le- trmlil il word : " Give us tin's V -y our daily bread." A Vol K! I'ot XTV. Litchfield County, Connecticut, has lvn the birth-place of l.i United StatesjS.'iiator and il M 'mber of Congress, '11 Supreme Judges, 10 President and Froies.rs of colleges. In I H t l, the Viee-I'resideit and one-eighth of the United States Senators were natives of or were edu cated in Litchfield County. In 1H ). one seventh ol the whole number of United States Senators were found to have been ed ucated in that County. What County can eqal Old Litchfield ? " What land is that where I can trace My nineteenth cousin by bis face. Where once I fished for little dace, And never learned the deuce from ace ; Where grandmother this night says grace !" Cor. Summit () Hencoit Curtis L. North, of Meriden, agent of the Quaker Citv Insurance Company, of Chi cago, III., which failei recently, has been committed to jail, for selling the company's worthless drat is. Hartford has raised Si, 811 for the suffer ing people in Kaasu. he ho l-e. killed U-." " Ii I,- . ojijl bred -" g l-.s ,,1 when we o n.l -o ne bread." Su td.-y ie-. and shivering. ... .... tin t in t'i uiir teuton T r tm b r a . A the ne wspBoeri re fall of remedies for this dangerous affection of the throat, some of them very pood, and some of them very silly, we will giro one which we know to be used by some eminent physicians, and which we nave neves knowa vo lait, u appuea eanj.. xipiue " . -j "-n- . may be recognized by any persoa ordin ary capacity, by two marked symptoms ; the lensatton of a bone or hard substance ia the throat, rendering swallowing difficult nd s.-.nfnV and a marked tmtor. or unpleasant smell of the breath, the result of iu putrefac tive tendency. On the appearance of these symptoms, tftbe patient is old eooogh to do so, gire a piece f gum camphor, of the sure of a marrowfat pea, and let it remain m toe mouth, swallowing slowly the saliva charged with it nntd ;t ia all rants, la an boar or so srive another, and at the end of another hour a third ; a fourth will not usually be reqatreo, but if the pain and the unpleasant breath are not relieved, it mar be used two or three time more, at a little longer intervals, say two hour. i If the child is young, powder the camphor, which caa eaailr be done bv aidinsr a drop or two of spirits of alcohol to it and mix it with an equal quantity of powdered loaf su gar, or better, powdered rocs: canay, ana blow it through a quill or tube into the throat, denressinz the tonirue with the haft of a spoon. Two or three applications will relieve. Some recommend powdered aloes or pellitory with the camphor, but observa tion and experience have satisfied ns that camphor is sufficient alone. It acts proba- . biy by its virtue as diffusible stimulant, and antiseptic qualities. A'. Y. Examiner. To Avoid Cold. Change the Ho. k- ings as often as tbey become wet from perspi ration. Avoid cold draughts of air upon any part of the body; or unequal temperature from any cause, such as evaporation of tnou- ture trom wet clothes on a portion of Ihe per son, ine clot lung wet all over, is less pro ductive of colds than when partly wet. Vou might jump naked into a snow bank and not take cold, but receive serious injury from im mersing t nly a hand cr foot tn the snow. while the rest of the body is kept warm. Unequal temperature upon different parts of the body disturbs the circulation of the blood and produces a cold The best precaution, however, is to keep the system vigorous by temperance, a generous diet of digestible tbod aud plenty of sleep. Ax EiwsTR-o.voKKr Siateof Affairs. Hitustkttftcr Are these egg fresh Y Muriel Woman Why Lor bless your life. ma'am, we hain't got anything eit-e. Mister 15eec tiers goin to iectur to-uight. and there ain't a stale one to be had in the market at any price Vanity Fair. The dying charge of the late Alfred Bishon of Bridgeport, Ct.. to his nous was, "Serce iil arttl your country, and be btrievuleut. ' Ihe substance of many essays is embraced iu this shirt sentence. Piacr on tbs Missiim. Gov. Yatec, of Illinois ig hit last Instigata! Addres. thus lu let to the movement of Guv. P. tta. of Mis-n-mppi, ft establish a guard over the fianirrre ot the Misisippi Kirer. aud levy toll to make reprmaU from citizen of ther State .- Can tt t-e for a moment fropnoaet! that the people of the valley of the WisMtmppi ill ever M, sent tat the great river hall now lor ben lrei of Oiile ihroutrh forri.'n turiadicttON.anil 1'iey be conpelled, if not to fibt their way in tie face of the fort frowning at-un it batik, to u'ltnit lo ihe iropooiuon and annoyance of ar bitrary tales and exhorbilant duties' to be levied upon their commerce I believe that before that day hall come, either aliore of the Father f VV aiert will be one con'inaoo etalrher of the ki.iu, and with all iu cities ia ra'n, and (ha ultivated Belli apon iu slopin? sfde laid wate. . .nan roil iu loammg tide in olnary grMl'leur, at the dawn of creation . I koow 1 -as for lliooi-, and I believe for tbe North wet, hen I declare them a ouit.in the unalurraMe detertnin ution of ber million, occupying tbe jrreat baio 'rained hy (tie 5Iia iaaippt. to permit DO portico of that stream to be controlled by foreign jn- isdiction." The Bkitisr Government and tub Socth fcRN 'us FtotttCT'. There hat been little dou'it ui.ori,' well informed i-eople a to the liirht ia tdrh the Iiritikh government would look at tbe .ittempt to create a klaveboHiO confederacy in he i u:ie'n St e or the cou'-e she would par ue tnr U it 1 he gfier-d eit-ertafcn in this matter 14 confirmed by a letter from a mcmtr I thr- Britis!) government to an American citi zva 1'ifg reti'feut in Eurojie. which i mentioned in tbe ew York l ira. i. Tfii etier gie a note authoritative dti itt'iim of Briti-h -olicy in icj if.l to -ccesstio' .ban ainiln-ig which bat '-il 'tirtJe fiuMie. I taies (bat the mhole mat ter ii' se e-sion has b-en brouj-hf by Lord John Ku-seli before the ministry, m also the uhordi n ite n it-sti-Mis of lef,ttie clearatic-s. vr and f e iiration i- mude. th.t not oi.ly wi.l t'lere '.r nil rnyjnitiua by treat liri'am of Oie tartlterm r.mt.iter ti i). bat that everything wiil fe dooe.on ter jj ri, tu discountenance tliounion It is vt-ir-r.y impossible, the letter tates. for Great Krtt-:i-i lo e on good terms with weeding lae tra iers. Frctii h to!iey being e-ily dectsivt?. ttio X.e-ia'ii.iit of the fCeJer ttmt I lie Karu-can (.i,ej wool t open t' eir pO'ts f.r tfiem wheo i!okaiied U pietty certain to be di-flji;.t;itiu.d I'koposition to Foi m a Ctrt.ur.UACr on op tun SrttoP THt Sinn asu the South wmi We are tnu-t reliably informed that there are agi-ntt t ihe Gulf Sta'-t now iu the ci'v. e'l'leivorifig ui create a M-ii!iiiietit among busin.- men favorable to the establishment of a eoljV fersey eonpo.-d of the Soothru and Viirthwe-tern State. A well known leader hhido tbe Deiinx-'aoy hi ten M.proacheil, our ititn'in .tton g'-ei" to liow. l' 'ii i ttie past tw t or iiree day . bv t'i.--.e ageru-. wrb a vie of ob tuning tus influ'.'iie but iriit he teclnil hiv i.ig Htiutiitig to do with o traitiiroiis a cheme, a In- is a sUtinch L'lii iii ra in Tbe ot.j -ct i to til . free trade the ba-is ..t tlie eonte lrrai-v ; to cut ..tf New oik. I'i-.mi-v l.iiiid, Nt J nri . .i . l ail ltl- Xew Kqgttiid i:e. which arc we ie,i to a prol.-ctie tariff Th.-e Si.utt ern enil.-iiien ute that th-n- ar- g, iitr the tinl' "states (tir iulcut all ihe N'rt'ne-tern Statev h are iriikiiig srnilar uv -riuies. and tNtt it i i'ieir aitn tt syrmg i!ie i--oe mi a non ' the i'itizi-us of fiose sut-t. Viji-i'ki iti (la&tfr. The fhii-dgo I'ri'iune give ibe following in--i. lent in T Lincoln t journey : Lithe m d-l of an eagerrroa-d.au Mr. Lin coln was s-eaking. a brany fri-li miner trug .lei up to 'be ttlaifo-m and emdaimed -Got ile-s ve. Mis-tier Lincoln ! 1 did i'i vou- f r ye, . ..r.. ;'b.it I with ve luck, and I snt o it . r hand ' A g Mi I hum re t 'ialce wis heartily -schati.'ed vl r U fir arhom he voted Foi l-.isg . Leig'-t Mr. L said: No, mv (rft"i, will vou a I mt M H h.ii. .t-a frieti I o! lleijUs ti il ougbt to to : j ist hi-li. 'I- k ie - ' ' "gei'ier and rtght t,er isnir. t.irf,..r H.r- i'i' O.titdn will I ae a in-hei i-b i n' : 'f v-.u 'et ttie n i l bin Tolirll ll(.. h-'it e..r get lo b- l'ie-1. fe.it l l. iu.'hlcr mii I . heeta - I Im'-xi. Mis'ti-r Lin coin I 'm ihii.km .lies II you'll sve ilie Cum i -Ure, all. I we'll ail help ve. Knitiuiai-1 hrer I In a recent letlet. the "hir!eton Mercury thus el -gantl v ennr.-s-.-s its onoii n a' b- N tj -cm member of t i- N'ttion! IK- ii i'T ''- '' hi v-iiii 'i at t'hirie-tou: - I- a- in an evil hour that ibev cim to tbe soil .f V.uttl I "ar 'ina to holt ltie;r convention (..I the ron-umuiali'iu f t!ii g mmIiv Oi k Ttie ,. i. not coiigei ial ti. tbe amdler. MV ;(, .rf tlir vert of cattle re-fire-n-ntmj St.it.t unit fmrt.ru, f iaitlt r-ite nmut ro'irt Inn yn u h it tlf if fill tn i;.r.ji j.trlc Iff lanyit tl.i.l !i nun tl lef Utt i ; mi l " f-l'U'lrnt tf.iu t 'if fi uii'lre rt. vi r ,mlitrt and ir.ill, rt. tr.4 fr f-TrriJiiiit. utrr nrrer Iffjir toa.rey ifrj tmftlie-t , ind wtth siuh mom-trout firty yrttmifms Ttie laiio of the Northern Je.egaie- Wat. M wt ma n v word, to have a i.Uifortn - msaningles at ui pern it them I lie ml I b turn " Si.( kkiosi in IViest A N'-w Orleant bank hiving brouiihl ni against a St. L-.uis banker 10 re-;ve- a Urge sum. the banker ha filed a l answer in the t 'ircuit ."wart, asking that the uit may tie dismissed, on the ground that L'lui-'atn l.. irri .led trom and revolted against the Uui- Uj St.ttSi, and her citiiens bave no rij;ht to maintain a uit in the courts or IHioori. I'L.a .luUn..0 .f nrifttrl in In th last re .nrl would rnrrv tbe queti3n of the right of a S ale to accede lo the Supiemo Court of the United I . .. . i.u f . w pttlj.mi.nl I f a nrnecuf i..n c . ... rw the door to a variety of legal qaestioot, and will i , . . : . i. . ie waiciicu wivu luvciev. A keroene lamp In the hand of M-ary Con nerton, of Detroit, Mich , exploded on the 12th in.i and the was fatal' v burned. With nans kerotence such an accident U impossible, but it i t-econnng a common practice of manufactu rer, snd rascally dea'ers. to mix ratnpheue, and burning fluid, with tbe oil. John A. Rockwell of Norwich, Ct., a repre sentative in Congress from 1647 to 1849, from Connecticut, died recently at Washington of ap oplexy He had for everal years practiced law at the tatter city. lie was a graduate of Yale in 1124. o f- 4 ii i-ers i r jwnwwmjmi jii.ip-Hhii.B-ws)i.