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Ellsworth American. [volume] (Ellsworth, Me.) 1855-current, June 20, 1856, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn84022374/1856-06-20/ed-1/seq-1/

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The Criminal Witness
In the spring of *48, 1 was called to
Jackson to attend court, having been
engaged to defend a young man accused
of robbing ti o refit. I had a long con
ference with my client, and he acknowl
edged to me that on the night when the
mail was robbed, he had been with a par
ty of dissipated companions over to Tap
ham, and that on returning they met the
mail carrier on horseback coming from
Jackson, Some of his companions were
very drunk, and they proposed to stop
the carrier and overhaul his bag. The
toads were very muddy at th- time, and
the coach could not run. My client as
sured me that he had not only had no
hand in robbing the mail, but that he
tried to dissuade his companion. But
they would not listen to him. One of
them slipped up behind the carrier and
knocked him from the horse. Thoy then
bound and blindfolded him, and having
tied him to a tree they took the mail bag.
and made off to a neighboring field,
where they overhauled it, finding some
five hundred dollars in money in various
letters. He went with them, but in no
way did he have any hand in the crime.
Those who did it, tied, anu as the carrier
had recognized him in the party, he had
been arrested.
The mail bag had been found, as well
as the letters. Those letters Irom which
money had been taken, were kept by or
der of the officers, and duplicates sent to
the various persons to whom they were
direc‘ed. These letters had been sent
to me for examination, and 1 had return
ed them to the prosecuting attorney. i
I got through with my private pre
liminaries about noon, and as the case :
would uot coinc up before the next day,
I went into the court to see what was go
ing on. The first case which came up
was one of theft, and the prisoner was a
young girl about seventeen years of age,
Elizabeth Midworth. She waa very
pretty, and bore that mild, innocent look, I
which we seldom find in a culprit She
was pale and frightened, and the moment
my eyes rested upon her, 1 pith d her.
She bad been weeping profusely, for her
bosom was wet, but as she found so manv
eyes upon her, she became too much
frightened to weep more.
The complaint against her set forth
1,0,1 . U,I ,l..n_
from Mrs. Naseby ; and as tbe case went
on, 1 found that Mrs. Naseby was her
mistress, a wealthy widow, living in
town. The poor girl declared h r inno
cence in the m ist wild terms, and called
on Ood to witn ss that she would rath
er die than st- al. A hundred dollars in i
bank-notes had been stolen from her
mistress' room, ami she was the only one
who had access there.
At this juncture, while the mistress
was upon the witness-stand, a young
man came and caught me tiy the arm
He was a line looking fellow, and big
tcazs stood in his eyes.
“They tell me you area good lawyer,"
he whispered.
“1 am a lawyer,” 1 answered.
‘•Then—Oh!—save her! You can
certainly do it tor she is innocent."
“Is she your sister ?”
The youth hesitated and colored.
“No, sir, he said “Hut—hut—
Here he hesitated agiiu
‘•Has she no counsel 1 asked.
“None that's good for anything—no
body that'll do anything for her. Oh,
save her, and I'll piy you all I've got
I can't pay you much, but 1 can raise
I reflected for a moment. I cast my
eyes towards the prisoner, and she was
at that moment looking at me. She
caught my eye, and the volume of hum
ble. prayerful entreaty 1 read in those
large, tearful orbs, resolved me in a mo
ment. In my soul I knew that the girl
was innocent; or at least 1 flrmlv believ
ed so—and perhaps I could not help h'T.
I arose and went to the girl, and asked
her if she wished me to defend her.—
She said yes. Then 1 informed the court
that I was rea ly to enter into the case,
and was admitted at once. The loud
murmur of satisfaction which ran thro'
the room, quickly told me where the
sympathies of the people were.
1 asked for a moment’s cessation, that
I might sp ak to my client. 1 went and
sat down by her side, and asked her to
state to me candidly the whole ease.
She tdd me that she had lived with Mrs.
Naseby two years, and that during all
that time she ha 1 never seen any trouble
before. About two weeks ago, • le said,
her mistress lost a hundred dollars.
“She miss id it from a drawer,” the
girl told me, “and she asked me about
i—. i i ... —*e: — „c i i. . nn,i
thing 1 knew, Nancy Luther told Mrs.
Naseby that she saw me take the money
from the drawer—that she watched me
through the key-hole They then went
to my trunk, and theyftrand twenty-five
dollars of the missing money there.
But Oh, sir, 1 never took it—somebody
else put that money there !”
I then asked if she suspected any one
“I don’t know,” she said, "who could
have do ;e it but Naucy. She has uevoi
liked me, because she thought 1 wai
treated better than she was. She is tin
cook, and 1 was the chamber-maid."
She pointed Nancy Luther out to me
She was a stout, hold-faced girl, ahoui
two-and-twenty, with a low forehead
* small grey eyes, a pug nose and thicl
Ups. 1 caught her glance at once us i
res ed upon the fair young prisoner, am
the moment 1 detected a look of hutrei
which 1 read there, 1 was convinced tha
^ she was the rogue
“O, sir, can you help me ?’’ my elien
asked in a fearful whisp r.
“Nancy Luther, did you say that girl’
name was?”
“Yes sir.”
“Is there any other girl of that nam
about here?"
‘•No, sir.”
“Tnen rest easy. I will try hard t
save you.”
1 left the court-room, and went to th
pros cuting attorn y and asked him fu
the let era 1 hud h .nded to him—th
ones that had been stolen from the mail
bag. Ho gave them to me, and, h ivin
selected one, 1 returned the rest, am.
told him l would see that he had th
one 1 kept before night. I then returt
ed to the court room and the case went
Mrs. Naseby resumed her testimony.
She said sho entrusted her room to the
prisoner’s care, and that no one else had
access there but herself. Then she de
scribed the missing money, and closed by
telling how she had found twenty-five
dollars of it in the prisoner’s trunk.
She cculd swear it was the identical
money she had lost, it being two tens and
one five dollar bill.
“Mrs Naseby,” said I, when yon first
missed your money, had you any reason
t. believe the prisoner had taken it?”
"No, sir,” she answered.
“Have you ever before detected her
n dishonesty ?”
“No. sir.”
Should you have thought of searching
her trunk had not Nancy Luther advised
you and informed you ?”
•No, sir.”
Mrs. Naseby then left the stand, and
Nancy L .tb.r took her place. She
came up with a bold look, and upon me
she cast a defiant glance, as much us to
say “trap me if you can !” She gave
evidence as follows :
‘‘She said that on the night when the
inon y was stolen, she saw the prisoner
going up stairs, and from the manner in
which she went up, she suspected that
all w is not right. So she followed her
“Elizabeth went to Mrs. Naseby’s
room and shut the door after her. 1
stooped down and looked through the
key-hole, ami saw her at her mistress's
drawer. I saw her take out the money
and put it in her pocket. Then she
stooped down to pick up the lump, and
Us 1 sruf thsif wtisl rnmin<r nut T Vi lit- —
ried away.” Then she told how she
had informed her mistress of this and
proposed to search the girl’s trunk.
] called Mrs. Xaseby b ick to the stand.
“You say that no one, save yours If
and the prisoner, had access to vour
room,” 1 said, “now could Nancy Lu
ther have cut red that loom if she wish
ed T
••Certainly, sir. I meant no one else
had any right there.”
I saw that Mrs. X., though naturally
a hard woman, was somewhat moved by
poor Elizabeth’s misery.
“Could your cook have known by any
means in your knowledge, where your
money was :”
“Ye* sir ; for she bus often come up to
my room when 1 was there, and 1 have
given her money with which to buy pro
visions of market-men, who happened
along with their wagons.’’
“One more question ; h ivp you known
of the prisoner’s having had any money
-luce tiiis was sto eii?’’
“No sir.”
[ now called Nancy Luther back, and
she began to tremble a little, though her
look was as bold and defiant as ever.
••Miss Luther,” 1 said, “why did you
not inform your mistress at once what
you had seen, without waiting lerlier to
ask you about the lost money ?
“Because 1 could not make up my
niiud at once tc expose the poor girl,’
she answered promptly.
“You say you looked through the key
hole and saw her take the money
“Yes sir,
“Where did she put the lamp while
she di«l no ?”
“On the burca.’’
“In your testimony, you said she
stoped down when she picked it up.—
What did you m an by that:”
The girl hesitated, and finally said she
did not mean anything, only that she
picked up the lamp.
“Yerv well,” said I. “How long have
vou been with .Mrs. Naseby :
“Not quite a year sir.”
“How much does she pay you a week?”
, “A dollar and three quarters.’,
“Have you taken up any of your pay
since you have been there ?"
“Yes sir.”
“How much?”
“1 don,t know sir.'?
' “Why don't you know ?”
“How should 1 ? I've taken it at
11fit-re..t times, just as 1 wanted it, ai 1
1 have kept no account.”
“Now if you had any wish to harm the
prisoner, e mldn’t you have raised twen
ty-five dollars to put into her trunk ?
•‘No, sir,” she replied w ith virtuous
indign ition.
“Then you have not laid up any mon
ey -iuce you have been there ? ’
' “No sir, and what’s more, the money
found in the girl’s trunk was the money
that Mrs. Naseby lost. You might have
known that, if you’d only remember
| what you hear.”
1 This was said very sarcastically, and
was intended as a crusher upon the idea
that she could have put the money into
the prisoner s trunk. However, 1 was
S not overcome entirely.
“Will you tell me if you belong to
, this State ?’’ 1 asked next.
, “I do air."
“In what town ?”
She hesitated, and for an instant the
. bold look fursook her. But she finally
answered :
-1 belong in Somers, Montgomery
j county.”
1 next turned to Mrs. Naseby.
3 “l)o you ever take a receipt from yout
r girls when you pay them r 1 asked.
. ‘Always,’’ she answered.
I "Could you send and get one of then
r tor me ?’’
••She has told the truth about my pay
e jaents,” Mrs. Naseby said.
“O, I don’t doubt it,” 1 replied ; “bu
ocular proof is the proof of the court
room. So, if you can, I wish you would
procure me the receipts.”
She said she would willingly go it
the court said so. The court said so, and
she went. Herdw»lling was not far off’,
and she soon returned, and handed me
four receipts which I took and examin
ed. They were all signed in a strange
and straggling hand by the witness.
“Now, Nancy Luther,” said I. turning
to the witness, and speaking in a quick,
startling tone, at the same time looking
sternly in her eye, “please tell the court
and the jury, and tell me too, where you
got the seventy-five dollars you sent to
your sister in Somers ?”
The witness started as though a vol
canic had burst at her feet
She turned pale as death, and every
limb shook violently. I waited until
the people could see her emotion, and
then repeated the question.
“I—never—sor t—any !” she fairly
“V on did ! ' I thundered, for I was ex
cited now.
“I—I—didn’t,’’ sh ■ faintly uttered,
grasping the railing for support.
“May it please your honor, and gen
tlemen of the jury,” I said, as soon as 1
had looked the witness out of counte
nance, “1 came here to defend a youth
who had been arrested for helping to
rob the mail, and in my couise of pre
liminary examinations, had access to the
letters which had been broken open and
rifled of money. When I entered upon
this case, and heard the name of the wit
ness announced, I went out and got
this letter which I now hold, for I re
mcmDcreu to nave seen one bearing the
signature of Nancy Luther. The letter
was taken out of the mail hag, and con
tained seventy-five dollars, and by look
ing at the* post-mark, you will observe
that it was mailed on the very next day
niter the money was taken from Mrs.
Nasebv’s drawer. I will read it to you
if vou please*’’
The court nodded assent, and I read
the following, which was without date
save that made by the postmaster’s stamp
on the outside. 1 give it here verba
tim :
••Sister Dorcas :—I send you hecr
seventc-five dolers, which 1 want vu to
kepe it for me til i cum, i cant kepe it
hecr co/. ime frai l it will git stole, dont
speke a wurd tu a li\in sole bout this coz
i dont want no bodi to know i have got
ennv money, yu wunt will yn. i am
first rate hecr, only that gude for noth
in snipe of liz madwurth is heeryit—but
1 hope to git rid of her. yu no i rote yu
bout her. giv my luv to awl enquiren
friends. this is l’rum your sister til
doth. Nancy Luthkr.”
• Now, your honor,” i said, as 1 hand
ed him tiie letter, and also the receipts,
“you will see that this letter is directed
to Dorcas Luther, Somers, Montgomery
county. And you will also obs tv. that
one hand wrote that letter and signed
those receipts. It is plain now tae Hun
dred dollars was disposed of. Seventy
live were in that letter and sent away
tor safe keeping, while the remaining
twenty-five were placed in the prisoner’s
trunk for the purpose of covering the
real criminal. Oi the tone of the other
parts of ihe letter, I leave you to judge.
And now, gentlemen of tin jury, 1 leave
my cause in your hands, only l will thank
(iod, and l know you will also, that an
mocent person has been thus strangely
saved from ruin and disgrace.”
The case was given to the jury imme
diately following their examination of
the letter. They had heard from the
witness’s own lips that she had no mon
ey of her own, and without leaving th ir
s.ats they returned a verdict of “Not
The youth who had first asked me to
defend the prisoner, caught me by the
hand, but he could not speak plainly —
lie simply looked at me through his tears
for a moment, and then rushed to the
fair prisoner. He s- cm d to forget where
ne was, for he flung his arms around her,
and sue laid her head upon hi- bosom
and wept ulotid.
1 will not attempt to describe the
scene that followed; hut if Nancy Lu
ther had not been arrested for the theft,
she would have been obliged to seek the
protection of the officer*; for the excited
i people would surely have maimed her,
! if they had done no more. Next mom*
j ing 1 received a note handsomely wiit
I ten, in wh eh I was told that within was
| but a slight token of gratitude due me
| for my efforts in behalf of a poor defence
less, but much loved maiden. It was
| signed “Several Citizens, ’ and contained
I one hundred dollars. Shortly after i he
youth came to pay all the money h
could raise. 1 simp y showed him the
note 1 had received, and asked him te
| keep his hard earnings for his wife
when he got one. He owned he intend
ed to make Lizzie Madworth his wife
very soon.
Next day, 1 succeeded in clearing mj
other client from conviction of robbing
the mail ; and made a considerable ban
| die of the fortunate discovery of the let
tor which had saved an innocent girl or
the day before, in my appeal to the j ury
j and if I made them feel that the finger o
' Omnipotence was in the work, it wa:
because I sincerely believed the younj
man was innocent of all crime and
am sure they thought so too.”
ry a wise lady has said, “If a womai
would have the world respect her husband
: she must set the example."
Sermons are frequtly preached for the
' purpose of “justifying the ways of God
to man.” Why do preachers never at
tempt to justify the ways of man to man?
! Why should our table bo littered with
' communications which either take for
granted the turpitude of the human race,
or directly charge it with some specific
fault? Men are not perfect, it is true;
but it really seems to us that some of
the things whereof our correspondents
most commonly accuse their fellow
creatures arc rather to man’s CTodit than
How often, for example, do we hear
men blamed for loving pretty girls,pass
ing by those who are said to possess
every enchating quality except beauty.—
Yet no hing can be more right. Nature
has displayed the most exquisite ingenui
ty in providing for the perfect propaga
tion of every species; and this instinc
tive preference of handsome men for
beautiful women, and of beautiful wo
men for handsome men, is one of the
manifestations of that ingenuity. The
j farmer selects the best for seed. The
most perfectly developed buffalo drives
away his weaker brethen, and becomes, J
by right divine, the father of the herd. |
The stag proves his right to found a
family by first conquering, ir. fair fight,
all his rivals. Through all the realm ofi
I nature, provision is made for preventing
! the continuance of an imperfect r ice, and '
. - :„ .. iL- n* _ ,.r »u.. ;
I best specimens; audit is in accordance)
with this benign principle that beauti- j
! ful women carry the day in competing!
* tor the love of the other sex.
It is tolly, nay, it is impiety to com-!
plain of this. The first duty ot woman !
is to be lovely, as it is the first duty of*
'man to be strong. It is not, of course, j
in the power of any woman to change j
her features or to rc-model her form.— j
Hut beauty—true beaut —the beauty !
which attracts and wins the oth r sex— 1
is not so much a result of health as it is
health itself. And Health, which gives
bloom to the countenance, sweetness to j
t'ie breath, clearness to the skin,straight
ness to the form, elasticity to the step,
j sprightlincjs to the demeanor, and
brilliancy to tnc eye—Health, ros>
| Health, without which there is no
j beauty, with which no woman is rcpul- j
! sive, is within the reach of most young
j women, and can be best owe l by most
I mothers upon their daughters. As a
* rule, no women can he offcastve to men
who possess these three things, good
! teeth, a clear complexion, and good
temper—neither, of which can be
possessed unless the bodily constitution
is essentially sound.
| Let no women repine that men
I should prefer the beautiful of her sex
) before all others. Let her rather be
come beautiful herself. Or, if she can
not make herself beautiful, let her be
come as beautiful as she can, and thus!
; conform to natures behest.
! ri - -
j Tat: Plantation and the Farm Dkmoc- ■
RACY.—\S’iuIJ not tmth and rig iteous
noss he aided by setting forth the fad,
that while we prate of "the Democ racy of
the South,” the “ Democracy of the
North,” “National Democrats,” "the
Uadical Democracy,” “ Republicans," i
I "Americans,” • Straight Wh gs,” See, &c., i
there are, in reality, but two classes in the !
United States—politically speaking—and
these are "lie Plantation Democracy,”
alias "Slavery Democrats," and “the'
Farm Democracy,” alias " Freedom Dem
ocrats.” Any one who chooses can see at
a glance that such is the true classification
of the people of the (at present) United
In the s luthcru states the “ Farm Dem
| oerats,” are, politically, bound and gagged,;
| and cannot be heard. Hence such as can,
ou. of the reach, as hey have hitherto
j supposed, of the control of the “ Planta
tion Democrats.” .Many went to Kansas
with this view—but Me-srs. Atchison,
Douglas and Pierce are on their track. I
need uot pursue the figure,
i In the northern states, it might be sup
posed, there wou.d bo found no “ Pluuta
] tion Democrats.” But—like Gorgey in
the effort for Hungarian liberty—there arc
hundreds whom political patronage has
enlisted in this class; and thousands, de
puted by their sophistries, suppressions
and misrepresentations, give th in their
The “Plantation Democracy" will, in a \
few days, renew their plausible experi- j
inents on the endurance of the “ Karin
Democracy," at the convocation they j
have, with chain tcristic modesty, ordered
to meet on the soil of the tat >r at Cincin
I nati. What new measure of “subjuga-i
tion” is to bo adopted ?
Noes Vmutoxs.
The Juno number of the Monthly
Law Reporter has haen issued by Messrs.
Crosby, Nichols &Co. It is now under
the editorial charge of John Lowell,
K.stj. It contains a very able, searching
and conclusive exposure of the great
wrong recently perpetrated by tho coali
tion Legislature of Maine, in the remov
al of Judge Woodbury Davis—a wrong
done not so much to that gentleman as
to the principles which underlie a truly
democratic government, yet perpetrated
and sanctioned by men pretending to be
Democrats, aided and abetted by recre
ant Whigs.
1 tV"A Western editor cautions his tall read
ers against kissing short women, as the habit
hat rendered him round shouldered.
A Flat Uxthuth.—Referring to the ]
resolution of inquiry into the Sumner |
outrage, which was adopted by the House
of Representatives, the Age says :
*• Several Democrats voted for the icsolu
tion, • • • among whom wns Mr. Fuller,
of Maine."
This is grossly untrue. Mr. Fuller
was the only democrat, we believe, who
voted for it. If there were one or two
more, we have failed to perceive it on
a careful examination of the yeas and
nays. Certainly there were not "several,”
and the Age must have known this when
it stated the contrary. Richardson, the
late Nebraska candidate for speaker,
Marshall of Illinois, Florence of Penn
sylvania, and other Northern democrats
present, voted against the investigation,
and every Southern democrat did the ,
same, and every Southern Fillmore man
also, with the exception of Humphry '
Marshall of Kentucky and II. W. Hoff- '
m in of Maryland.
Mr. Fuller's vote in favor of the reso* !
lutiou deserves an explanation that may
detract some little from the credit which 1
ho sought to gain by it. When the
resolution was introduced by Hon. L.
I ). Campbell, Mr Speaker Banks decided j.
hat it was a privileged question. F'rom
diat decision the Brooks party, headed
jy Howell Cobb, appealed and Mr. Fnl- j
er voted with them. On this they were ,
iefeated, and the Speaker sustained.—
I'hen Mr. Campbell moved the previous j
question, and Mr. Fuller again voted ^
with the Brooks party that the main
jucstiun should, nut be put. He was again
aowever, in a minority, and when the! .
1'ial vote was taken under a call ot the
</r.as and nays, the sneaking, skulking, j
doughface, Fuller was afraid to brave s
N'orthern indignation, and voted for the j
resolution although he had twice aimed .
to stab it in the dark.—Ktnncb-c Jour- ^
__._ 1
LiT The following is a sketch of the 3
remarks of Hon. Josiah Quincy, .Sen., at
J c
lie Indignation Meeting in Quincy :
“Already eighty-five years, and stand- c
ng on the brink of the grave, the sands
ol life already fast settling away from s
under me, what I have to say is the pure
prompting of an honest heart. The c
blow struck upon the head of Charles
Sumner did not fall upon him alone. It s
was a blow purposely aimed at the North. 1
It was a blow struck at the very tree ol
liberty. It speaks to us in words not
to be mistaken. It says to us that North
ern men shall not be "heard in the halls i
ol Congress, except at the peril of the !*
bowio Miifo, the bludgeon and revolver. '
Nor is this any now thing.
The bludgeon heretofore only brand- ;
ished, has at last been brought down, i
and now is the time for the North to t
tight. C'hus. Sumner needs not our sym- I
pathy; if lie dies his name will be im- 1
mortal; his name will be enrolled with '
the names of Warren, Sidney and Rus
sell ; if he lives he is destind to be the
light of the nation. ;
J. Q. Adams once said to me, “Tne '
cliaract 'rustics of Southern Representa- 1
tives are boldness, fearlessness and des- '■
peration ; while ihe characteristics ol i.
the Northern Representatives have always | ,
been dog timidity and fear.” And well
the South know this. .
If we do not act now, the chances may l
never again return ; and all that will be 1
l.-ft the North will he to tackle in with
the slaves, and drug the carts of slave- j
holders, only beseeching them to spare
the whip, and make the load as light as i
The doctoral Votes of Ihe States.
We publish, for reference the follow
ing table of the electoral votes of each of
the States :
Maine, 8 Maryland, 8
New Hampshire, 5 Delaware, 3
Massachusetts, 13 Virginia, 15
Vermont, 5 North Carolina, 10
Connecticut, 5 South Carolina, 8
Rhode Island. 4 Georgia, 10 '
New York, 35 Flordia, 3 '
New Jersey, 7 Alabama, 7
Pennsylvania, 27 Mississippi, 7 ]
Ohio. 23 Louisiana, 6
Indiana, 13 Texas, 4
Illinois, 11 Arkansas, 4 .
Michigan, 6 Kentucky, 12 ‘
Iowa, 4 Tennessee, i2
Wisconsin, 5 Missiouri, 9 (
California, 4
176 120 '
Si mner’s Speech.—In any circumstances '
Mr. Sumner's great speech on the wrongs of
Kansas would have been very extensively read.
Btit the outrage on the person of the orator
will send it to nearly every reading man's i
home in the country. The Daily Times Of
fice has issued an edition upon a newspaper
sheet, at one dollar per hundred copies. Of
tfiis edition sixty thousand have been sold.—
The Tribune pur dishes the speech in pamph- 1
let form, at forty cents per dozen. The Tri
bune edition go£sofl‘ about as fust as they get
them by dozens and hundreds to their friends
in the country, and every mail brings large
orders. We presume that a million copies
will lie distributed before next November.—
The speech is uncommonly able and brilliant,
abounding in strong passages and felictous
illustrations. It is Mr. Sumner's most sub
dued aud powerful performance. As to the
charge of personality that has been brought
against it, there is, not one sentence in the
speech that is not decidedly within the rules
of parliamentary debate. It is severe in parts
and powerful throughout, but it is now here
C7* When is charity like atop? When it
begins to hvm.
Col. Benton's Opinion.—The ven
erable cx-Senator has recently written :
“I consider a slavery agitation (and its
natural offspring, aeciional antagonism)
the greatest curse, both socially and po
litically, which conld befall our Union,
ind that curse is now upon us, and
wrought upon us designedly and for the
worst of purposes. The Missiouri Com
iromise line, the work of patriotic men,
lad stood above thirty years, and there 1
was not one among those contriving its
repeal who was not upon the record fin i
rotes or speeches) for its support, up to |
he time of its abrogation ; and Mr. Cal
loun himself, as late as 1848—only two
rears before his death, and after he had 1
iroached tpe doctrine of no power in f
Congress to legislate upon slavery in t
rerritories—repudiated the idea of re- t
real, and declared that the ■attempt’ to ,
lo so would 'disturb the peace and har
mony ol the Union.’ It has been attempt- ^
d and accomplished, and the peace and
Shall Kansas be Admitted ?— a
his question has frequently been asked, t
ut as frequently unsatisfactorily answer- Is
I. We can see no good reason that (.
ay one can urge against its admission,
he measure may be opposed by the
order Missourians, and the slave power Sl
lay demur, until the strength of the ad- j a
erents of the peculiar institution is suf- ' p
cient to prevent it. But principles of I
piity and humanity demand that it 1
,1 ___l.._ .1_I b
on of the National Government. Kan - t(
is, in point of population, stands on o
etter grounds now than seven other J
tates did when they were admitted.— j.
he inhabitants of Kansas number about
0,000. P
Tennessee was admitted June 1st. t(
796, and had by the census of 1790, b
2,013 white population. h
Louisiana, April 8th, 1812, had, by
?nsus of 1810, 34, 311 population. *
Mississippi, Dec. 10th, J817, had, by “
snsus of 1820, 42,175 population. n
Arkansas, June 15,1836, had, by ccn- b
is of 1830, 25,671, population.
Michigan, Jan. 26th, 1837, had, by .
rnsus of 1830, 31,346, population.
Florida, March 3d, 1845, had by ccn
is of If 40, 27,943, population. [_Ne\v fi
led ford Express c
Correspondence of the Morning Star. ! 0
The whole transaction is most suggestive, ri
not alarming. We have time to add hut fi
word. Slavery has been petted and pan- j
‘red by its open friends at the South—by its j v
Hies at the North. Its policy now is to ■ a
rule or ruin !" The tame and pliant yield- i.
lg of the free States to all it has demanded,
i taken as an assurance that they will yield I
.all it can demand ! The plain declaration a
as gone forth to free men and freedom, from 1,
lie sponsor of the pro slavery party, “ VVc I"
•ill subdue you /” There is but one question ‘ t
D\v before this country—that question is. v
Via!I slaved/ or freedom rule the nation ? i
From what we know already exists at the Ia
tatioiial Capital—from what is believed to £
xist in Kansas—it is our deliberate and set- ;
led judgment, that there is but one wny and n
ne time left for freemen to answer this ques- t
ion. That is, at the ballot box next nation
1 and Presidential election ! If freedom tri
imphs in the next Congress, and carries the 1;
Executive power of the Government at the fc
pproaehing election, Kansas may be saved ,
i> freedom, and freedom may be saved to the r
ountry. Put let the pro slavery power pre- r
ail this once, under those circumstances, .
.. i it.. . : . i... * <•...i ... i i i r '
imt tu us as a nation- \Vr are neither a {*
iruphet, nor an alarmist ; but we beg that 11
lu-so words may la- marked and remendiered, i,
vhcn we shall have fallen asleep with our 1
athers ! Of Kansas, with imploring arms I
mtstretched for freedom, we cannot now t
peak—our heart is too full for utterance.—
deader, you love the Bible ! Take it, please ‘
ake it as you close this hasty letter, and read c
lie three first verses of the ninth chap, of ,
tomans—then turn to Isaiah and read twen- c
y vers-s of the first chap. Then pause—pun- [
hr—pray—art, as one bound to the Judg- |
ueut of the Great Day. ‘-Damkl.”
‘•Look here upon This Picture, 1
lvd os This.”—“ I intend that my 1
alministration shall leave no blot upon j
iur fair record. An administration (
vould he nil wot thy of confidence at
ionic, or respect abroad, should it cease I
o be influenced by the conviction, that c
10 apparent advun'age can bo purchased t
,t a price so dear as that of national (
vrong and dishonor.”
“ I fervently hope that the slavery
I’jcstion is at rest, and that no sectional *
ir ambitions or fanatical excitement may i
igain threatenthe durability of our in- t:
titutions, or ooscure the light of our ^
irosperity.”—rLInaugural Address of
Franklin Picicr.
Short Catecsisms.—An old cntech
sin runs as follows:—
“Who rules the people:” Ans. “The 9
diluster.” '
“Who rules the Minister?” Ans.—
‘The King.” ^
“Who rules the King?" Ans. “The c
’ope.” ,
“And who rules tho Pope?” Ans. 1
‘The Devil.” (
A new catechism adopted to the t
;imes runs as follows :— 1
Who does the thinking for the present
idministratioa ? An. The Southern
Nulifiers. 1
Who does the thinking for the Nuli
fiers? An. Atchinsou and Stringfel
Who does the thinking for Atchiu
son Stringfellow. Ans. His majesty!
that does the thinking for the Pope. *
I ■ ' I
Throat and Lang Diseases.
LAKT:.*ri":3 .-.-id ruosms.
To Me Editor of the Avuriitm :
The diseases I have described as exist
ing in the nasal cavities and in the
throat, have a natural proclivity down
wards. From these upper cavities they
pass, by one short step, into the larynx—
the cavity where the voice is formed—and
then by another equally short and easy
stage, into the body of the windpipe.—
It is a singular fact that their progress
is always from the upper respiratory pas
sage downward, and never from the low
-r passages upwards. They afford a
paraded to the order of progression in the
noral world, in %vhich evil tcndicies are
awards lower depth.
When these diseases reach the larynx,
he secretion used in this cavity for Iu
iricating the vocal chords becomes acrid
nd the voice from this and other causes,
iccomcs hoarse, and when at length the
ocal ligaments are altered in structure
iy inflammation and ulceration, the voice
uffers a gradual extinction. I have treat
d a large number suffering entire le ss
t voice, and am happy to say, it has
een generally restored, where the lungs
ai e not been involved in the disease.
Ihcsc complaints differ only in their
icality from those already described in
le upper cavities ; and they are more
larming because two removes nearer
ie citadel of life. Happily, we now
now that the seat of these diseases may
c easily reached, and we have a show
r syringe, constructed by mein 1849.
> arianged as to pour the remedial
*rnt <Iii-nr.fl.. __.1 ...
J -J'V.. vuv m nnuuui any
cerating disturbance of the parts.
In July, 18.52, Prof. I. H. AVood
rrv, of AVenham, Mass., a distinguished
aeher and composer of music, called
1 me to obtain relief from these two
seases, from both of which he was suf
nng in connection with bronchial and
llmonary irritation. A year previous
| this, his h.alth had suffered a general
■cat-down from these complaints He
id soreness in the larynx and trncha;
severe cough and large expectoration ;
; had hoarseness with inability to sing;
ghtsweats ; emaciation ; general de
lity and lowness of spirits : in short
ie whole catalogue of symptoms which
idicatc impeuding bronchial Consurup
on. By advice of physicians and
iends, he went to Europe, and traveled
ttcnsivcly. Finding no relief, he rush
1 on in his dcspnrthftli, to Africa. On
aching Cairo, his disease showed its
rat abatement. Remaining here a few
eeks, he found himself, as he thought,
lout well. Rut when he reached
urope on his way home, his cough,
ith all his other bad symptoms, returnd,
id after a year’s weary search for health,
e came to the wharf a» Boston in about
ie same condition as when he left. It
as at this moment that, disheartened
id expecting to die, he picked up the
Evening Traveller, the first paper that
ict bis eye, and saw an article on
iroat diseases which brought him to
ly office. Fortunately, before his de
arture for Europe. Mr. AVoodbury had
ought a farm in Wenham. 1 gave
im an instrument with the proper
lodicines to inhale, and directed him to
ork every day on his farm, to the ex
3nt of his physical ability, and to come
3 me three times a week to have the
irynx and windpipe showered with a
roper medical solution. These diroc
Lons, with others relating to his general
ealth, he followed to the letter. It is
nough to say that all his bad symptoms
T&dually subsided, and upon the ap
proach of the following winter, he found
imsclf nearly recovered. In accord
ncc with my advice however,he abst&i: -
d from professional labor until the fol
3wing spring, since which time he lias
ersued his calling diligently. In tin
Production to a popular lx ok n music,
repar d and published, after his rc
overy, he was kind enough to speak in
arm commendation of my system of
The few brief reports I shall print in
iiese articles are only sample of a large
umber 1 have on my boo's, which 1
lay, some time or other, find an oppoi-.
y to publish. *
Boston, 3 Avoue Place,
Good and Bad Skins.—It s a good
ign to see a man doing an act of chari
y to his fellows. It’s a bad sign t.i
ear him boasting of it. It’s a good
hing to see the color of health in a man s
ice. It’s a bad sign to see it all con
entrated in his nose. It’s a good sign
osee an honest man wearing old clothes,
t s a good sign to see a woman dressed
■ ith taste and neatne ss, it’s a bad sign
o see her husband sued for feathers and
3olery, gems and jewelry.
Many literary “affusion*” proceed from wat
r on the brain.
^ The Journal gives us an excellent
•eason why Mr. Buchanan cannot be e
Ltcted, that he is “a woman hater-—a
dried up old bachelor—and the ladies
3an have no sympathy with him."
• niiiiiinm r ' i in itr'i"-iiiiiBMMiirtfTlliinr-Tr •ri"f 'TM

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