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Ellsworth American. [volume] (Ellsworth, Me.) 1855-current, February 19, 1880, Image 1

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Ehf JEllstoirtlt Atummtt.
^^^^^~^^.... I. y I. ——
£bf (tllsluortb American,
Ellsworth, Maine,
<<m> »i YHhacrIpliPB.
One copy, if paid within three mouth*.$-» on
It not paid within three month*. . J5
It paid al the cod of the >ear. 2 3U
\e |taper w ill be discontinued until all arrear
age* are paid, except at the publiaher*# option —
au i any peraon wiahing hi* paper flopped. mu«l
give notice thereof at the expiration of the term
whether previous notice ha# been given or not.
l?u$iufS8 (£art)s.
ll«r Ilarlmr.
Orvirsi Hiiaout'* Block tm »* 3*
t rOlUrr in Hlork o,»pu*
,llr 11,'ur) H kltinc A' Nh».
and all kinds of Marble Work
t- ..in l> . .r« Balov B tUn »T..
Itu- <>« .•, i (LUNIINTH aK
WM. 1». JOY,
.Attorney Counsellor
AT law.
orKIlE ON SI ATE STKK.ET, a few door*
uelow >avmg* (lank. Ofllcc formerly in Jordan*'
lilock Main Street.
I* " >pet .a! attention paid to the collection
I»rafis. Note* and Account*. |\r4.l
boansellor and Attorns at Law.
I'U'iMiT A rTENT*ov given to any ou»i
uei intrukied t'* av cart*. *»Ii*
Win. Franklin Kravey,
Aitoruef at Law aiii Solicitor of Faleiih
Hines Block. 1“ Maui Street,
• >ct. IS, tl *72- BANGOR, Me
,J. 1\ HOOPER,
' )y^tur aad Katmi; Saloon.
\V . COOMBS. I' K< ifKlKTOK,
> !•: T !•: US’ BLOCK,
• f uer • MAIN* STATE STREETS. KLI>tt "Kl i
i VINK. k-ll
t~ \
Can be cured by using UK. OKA' w 7
It has cured thousand*; why nnC you * m
Among the many forms of* Heart Disease j—
arc Palpitation, Enlargement, Spasm* of the
Heart. Stoppage of the action of the Heart, aj
Ossihcation or Bony rormation. Rheuma
tism, General Debility and Sinking ot the g
Spirits. A ladv savs of the Heart Regulator:
••It savrd my hie.” Another person Say*: 7
“It did for me what no physician could—re
lieved me of all anv heart troubles, and 1 am T .
perfectly welL" Pamphlet on Svroptoms of 7 •
Heart Disease free. Address F. £. I NO ALLS & *
Concord, X. H. Price 50c. and $1 per bottie. W
131 Silk *•.. Botles. Xs.i.
•*" A easy Samples may be saf-ly «ent by mail j
or express.
t.old Ammmj,.|1 «»»
4- old Mis er. . i Oil
•liter or ( . 3 OO
'rhe Economist,
!: ’ii iinul u til M.t.&r kkl TizizzAl Ikaitti ti tk>
:cc static.
It ib the only paper of its class in X**%r England*
and is ttwoughlr ind«i>e.ideut an 1 outspoken.
•abscripllM, | 3.00 as year.
31 Milk Street - lioston.
Everybody d* lighted with Uw tasteful and
Urttutiu.l »elec:ioiie mnde \ty
•tOe I AMID who has Srtfr Fall*
filial LAMANy ad to plrm^hrr
JUST ISSUED. SrnS for il.
V Idrvii,
lyr.-* 877 Broadway.
S . C . VT U$,
io the latest style and In the most durable manner.
BiT" Eepairiso done at short nonet "hB
BBT Call ami look at my Goods.
8. C. VYLES.
Bar Harbor, Me. 2m<»7*
I aine and N. H. Mining Stocks,
Office at 67 Exchange St.. *wh**re they will BUT j
and sell the above stock. Auction sale# every
Sttui-dtvat 10 a. m. Office hours 9 to 5. The
l>iirot>«jce of all interested is respectlaliv solicit
el. i .imiuuuic .tlion* pr.-m^tlv attended to from
this date.
Jta.l. UP® «moal»
Freedom Notice.
THU m io Brtliy that I rnllavni.b to my .on,
Lroit r. OprilfOr 10* rfulukr of hi* min
ority to trnooont bo.lo... oa bio owa aeeoont.
I .n.l. ildb bom of bln vans, nor pay noy
.cbu ot bin coniractiaf .(tor tail date
WineB. John C. McCarthy.
raakJla. Mn.. Fab. tab. MSS. MP

o -<■
^ s a sure remedy for HB
Coughs, Colds, Whooping I
Cough, and all Lung dis
C cases, when used in season.
Fifty years ago. Elder bI
00 Dossns was given up by his OR
^ physicians, to die with Con- qI
2 sumption. I nder these cir
O cum>!isce> he compounded 00H
o this t:iirir. was cured. H
O and hsed to a pood old age.
5 You can try it for the price
W of one doctor 's visit. • H
j For sale everywhere. V
r" cTdTmd'RELIABLE,' ;
i Du. Santord's Liter Ixtioorator $
.is a St mdanl Family ttemoly for %*s $
.• dia-lu-u* of the Liver, Stomach 5
•j and Bowels.—It is Purely ..Sa2h>[ 5
J Vegetable.— It never j
] [ Debilitates—It is -** J
| [Cathartic and J
[ I To n i c. a** £
oTRV^yj }
'l.** * * I <•*, . o-r-c*-" 5
r Iiivigurator #
0*% Laa b*** n na*-d#
- in my practice#
’and by the public,#
jm- for more than 35 yearn, #
» !• with unpreoedt rated reguitn. $
5S. T. W. SANFORD, M.O., 5
# I>R1 t*l«T WILL TILL tOt tT«BBrt T*T10' 2
y 3J
MtiM lgsiii£—iLc Better Way.
Tl. • lies. « k.ich are the eol% exponents of
t- € ur«- by Abao.-piion <j« c/>;x*seJ tc Do*
in;. cheapest and Moat
Effectual Remedy for all Diseases Arising from
Ma --.a i.- * L*:s.rJered Stomach or Liver,
it I > .1 -Mil-*.. MB tu that nearly all the
d seases that attack the human bod* canVe traced
directly or indirectly to these t« organs.
It is kn- •• :i by actual ecf-crieuet that there is no (
disease that attacks the \ outh or adult of both sex
es that can erea 1*4 tmcdlJUd bv the use of drugs
but that can Ik acted on in i/,ir v.c-re satisfactory (
and (wimment man ner l \ the MOl.MA!t LIV
■ II PAD t o.** HK AKDIiiM.
NumHerless Cawea. Finally Ac
knovtledged to tec Beyond the
r.catli of Medicine, have been
Has«*d under the Mild Action of
I iM-^e RrmedieN Alone.
117 and Hi* Mi<ldl* Street, Portland. Maine.
«» O. A. PARCHKI1,
KLLfttlOMTII. - Sum.
Ayer’s Cathartic Pills,
For all toe purposes of a Family POysic.
CortivrotM, JAUO«tl<*e.
Dj»|ep»i«, JoditfesuoL
I*yscnierj Foul totu*<r>
atid Bruih, l((‘t<lx he,
Li) • ipela* l*lie».Kiieu
uuti-iu Lrupuutiii «u<l
??kiu LUe*«e». Bi.iou*
u*‘*. Liver Com plan l
liropny, letter, Juiciuffc
itneum, Wonus
Gout Neuralgia a* a Ii'mer Pil , and Purnvmg
the Blood, are the most congenial purgh .\e u
perfected. I heir effects abundant!. mu* Uu*
much tb^y excel til other Pills. They arc sale
and plea-ant to take, hut p *werlui to care. The*
purge mt the foul humors o! tue blood; they
Stimulate the »lnggi«h or disordered otg*n» mu*
action; and they impart health and loue to the
1 whole being. They cure no. only the every dav
roiupl tint- d everybody, but formidable and dsn
garous diseases. Mo-t skiuiul physician?. most
cmincut clergymen, and our best citizens, send
c* ruffe ate* ol cures performed, and of great ben
efit* derived train these Pula. ln*y are t-.r
-au stand best phyaic for child ieu, because mild
as well as effectual. B. mg *utsr cos U-d. they
are easy t<* lUe.aod U. ng purely vegetable
IU > art entirely i.armless.
OR. J. C. AYER 0 CO.. LsmII, Man.,
fnctieal and Analytical Chamuti.
Sheriff’s Sale.
Ham «m k, »»., Feb. 7th, A. D. 1880.
Ili.WK thin day taken <*u Execution the right
w idch Sewall .1. Mitchell has or hail on the *i&tb
ilay of Nor. 187i», being the timr of tlie attachment
on tiie original w rit, to redeem from a mortgage t..
John Mitchell, «iau*d June 14th, 1878, ami recorded
in Hancock County Keglslr} of Deeds, Vol. lflo.
Page 356, tlie following described Real Estate situ
ated in Dedluuu, in the County of Hancock; the
Homestead farm of John Mitchell, containing sev
enty acres more or less, with tin- buildings thereon,
and bounded on the East bv land of Joseph Web
ber, on the West and South by land of .sewall J.
Mitchell, and on the North by land of William Bur
rill and Frank Cray, and 1*shall sell said right at
public auction to the highest bidder therefor, at the
Sheriff ’§ Office in Ellsworth, in said Countv, on
Wednesday, the 10th day of March, A. D. 1880, at
nine o’clock in the forenoon.
A. K. DEVEREl'X* Sheriff
A true copy—Attest
A. R. DEVERECX. Sheriff.
Picked up Adrift.
A Scow on the west side of Iron Bound Island
Feb. 5th. The owner can have the same bv
proving property and Ire of
Winter Harbor, lie. 3w7
Bill Heads, all sizes printed at
this office.
Bourbon Ballads.—No. 61.
A t>irqe, * any (,'.nrrn..r< f,.»rr»7«. n. biw«>N
Smith, m Ah', f A> v Mil on o fence <oul hiJlnl nU>nt
ms mi-ruing tk* ( 'un/iomiimI l.ryitL.turr.
i This verse wav- *uug ns rapidly as |Nwdlile.]
Three jolly buccaneer* are we. and we would
neither cover nor
Conceal the circumstance that we pretended to
In* Governor;
The life of Maine in wintertime is merry a# the
Inggin* is.
Where I'pper Kennebec come* down to where
the Androscoggin is.
Where *i»ort*mcii ti«h along the Molechuuka
muuk and t’hcsuncook.
And jt*ke and talk of |»olitics. and maybe catch
a mess an* cook.
The other party had the votes, but we had the
And so we studied up the State—its raving-in
And its resources—vegetable, animal and inin
* i\«l —
A— a—umtniuiu—oh. yes!
I Util one day w e ran agaiust a haughty Major*
|TTii-> lers* was *ung still in.»iv rapidly.]
We thought we ought to draw the sword and
set up our authority.
For we r vcived the ballots of a very large
Our partisan* were under arms—at \V allagosa- i
At Fataquangoinis, .Squaw Lake, Piscataquis
and IVggtinook ;
Tin* sailor*, too. were all with Us at Medy
bemps and PcmtiiaquUi —
I’d sometimes hauded tlieui cigar*, and often
given tin in a quid:
Go*11! the Skow began funilecra and ( arrituuk
Were ready to seize Hiaine and Hale and put
them in a pillory.
The All* gash militia were resolved to have a
funeral —
A — a—unimtum—oh. yes!
Till suddenly we ran agaiu*t an angry Major*
;l^ui<'k«*r vet tiutimuie KNIT »rru>H<
Jcwhittiker! o. what a chance the insurrection
did afford
The !■ reel)hacker* of S< hoodie and the lH‘tuo
rrats of lfiddeford!
The ( apital was tilled with folk# and many
without any bunk.
And sfjj| they came from Mackuaquack. Sa
hasticook and Kytinebunk;
From I.ake Mi*>«iocotu*g untie, (hallaquan
and Pa»*adumkeag.
Wisca-srt and >agundahock, a* far a* Matta*
They hadn't had an office since before the
days of Hannibal.
And so their »pi»etitc was like the frvuzv of a
The starving hosts were bound to have a legis
lative diuuer. all.
A - a— uminium--oh. ye*!
Till—pmto! Um-y were captured by a stub*
born M^jor-Ginctal!
N'*!' piling u> take breath -protiiMM awknin
• itl4 jt Ut
And now we climb froiu off the fence. and *ad
ly go and rusticate.
Convinced that we have hilteu off much more
than we eau masticate.
M. where i* warlike >jwycr, and the Seal that
has •• 1 lingo** on !
The sanguinary Bradbury, Gould Talbot,
M hilt—but why go on!
Not one of ail our »oidicrs either stn»ible or
plucky is;
• »ur cave is much more Maminouth than the
cavern m Kentucky i«.
Although breveted ••Governor*** wc — Laiusou.
> until and Garvelou—
on Id like to t migrate to Spain, or Triuidad
or far «'ey Ion.
Whet, we could study Vegetable, auiiual or
mineral —
A—.» -utuiuunn—oh, ves!
And m ver. lu-ver Hint again a haugbtv Major- 1
— [.V. J . Tribune.
The New Departure.
The First Church of Acadia wa* in debt.
It was a case of too much steeple, too much
frescoing, and too much organ; a case of first
Church, it could not. from the very nature of
thing*, be the second, hence the steeple, the
organ and the much frescoing; a case «>f
pulling down barns and building a greater
when then were no good* to bestow in them,
hence the debt.
Matters had gone from bail to uor*e, un
til at last it was whispered at the Sewing
Society that there was actual lx a mortgage
on the church, and every woman stood aghast
w ith horror. Tliey could comprehend debts;
people pa:d their debts when they could, hut
they might move in good society without
doing it; they were not unfamiliar with fail
ures, hut people had been known to fail, and
yet wear better clothes than before; hut a
mortgage was like one of those awful com
pact* wherein a man sign* himself over to
the evil one. with a certainty that he may at
any time foreclose and fly away with him.
Worst of all, a mortgage on a church! It
was undoubtedly the “abomination of deso
lation” spoken of by 1 lax id the prophet,
“standing w here it ought not”—a sure sign
of the last days.
Something must lie done, something should
he done; and with this determination burn
ing in her heart, every woman went home.
From that hour a noticeable solemnity
brooded over the heart* and homes of Aca
dia. Meetings were.called, papers w ere seen
to circulate, committees met and separated;
there were consultations in the synagogues
and the market-places, and as the faces of
the women changed from a look of anxietv
to one of confidence, the faces of the men
began to brighten also. When a woman
would she would, and already the brethren
saw in prospect the mortgage lifted and th^
reproach rolled away from Zion.
“If they ’ll only persevere; great gains come
of saxings,” *aid Deacon Doubtful, but re
pented of his wisdom the next moment, when
his wife decided against the plum pudding
she was contemplating, concluding she might
as well put the money into her mite box, and
give the Deacon a plain, wholesome dinner.
Nobody could say they did not persevere.
They laid every one under contribution, from
the Lord High Mayor who paid taxes, to the
Jones baby that was brought up on a bottle.
They saved in unheard-of ways. Servant
girls were put on short allowance of waste
paper for lighting fires; ancient tames were
scrutinized, with an eye to possible soups;
and the man w ho ventured to return his cup
of coffee with "a little more sugar, my dear,"
was met with a look of reproach that with
ered his heart-strings. More sugar, when
the church was mortgaged! The man who
could ask for it would have danced when
Home was burning. It was strongly sus
pected that Mrs. (ireatheart herself took no
sugar at all. and there w ere hints of cooking
clubs that were secretly experimenting on
sawdust puddings without eggs.
The savings, however, were nothing to the
earnings. Every contrivance for enticing
the coveted dollar from the pocket of the
unwary and the wary was resorted to. Noth
ing wax too hard or too high. Fairs, festi
vals, lunches, bazars, concerts, socialites,
lawn parties, pound-parties, tea parties where
you paid for the privilege of talking; oyster
suppers, strawberry-suppers, ice-cream sup
pers, everything in season and out of season
was made to minister to their gains. The
brethren smiled upon them, sometimes with
the far-off smile of lofty condescension and
amiable toleration for feminine weakness;
but they smiled, and bought tickets and paid
fees, and ate, drank heroically, and winked
at any addition to the grocer's bill, which
might have been supposed to balance the
gain to the church fund.
The results were marvellous, and aston
ished even the women themselves, who shook
hands over the footing of figures, laughed
and cried, and went home brave for another
year of work.
Next morning, Mrs. (ireatheart sat at her
break fast-table pale and exhausted; there
were three little wrinkles lietween her eves
and a dozen gray hairs aliout her temnlea.
(ireatheart, stirring his coffee in the vain hojie
of extracting a little more sweetness from
the liottom of his cup, watched her compas
sionately .
“My dear,” he asked gently, “how long is
this thing to last?”
Mr*. Greatheart would have scorned to
ask “What thing?” There was for her hut
one object of thought, and she answered
promptly, “As long as the debt lasts.”
(ireatheart sighed.
“Did it ex or occur to you, my dear, that
you might not last? You are growing |»er
ceptihly smaller: there are wrinkles in your
forehead: you eat less than a healthy canary:
you talk in your sleep of interest and mort
gage* and weekly payments. 1 lielieve
another year will kill you.”
Mr*. Greatheart *miled compassionately,
a* martyrs haxe smiled w hen adjured to gixe
up their faith to escape torment.
••(ireatheart.” said she alw*ently, "will you
call at the office of the Trumnft. and leaxe
this notice for our meeting ol managers? 1
haxe a new plan that will eclipse ull our
former undertakings.”
1'he meeting of managers x»a* not enthu
siastic. Mrs. Jones hud the rheumatism,
Mr*. Smith’s hahy was threatened with the
croup. Mr*. Smart had left a house full of
visitors, and Miss Sally Volatile was going
Ka*t for the winter. The few who were
present listened to Mr*, (ireatheart’s plan in
ominous silence, and Mr*. Timorous fussed
and fidgeted, and at lost spoke
“The fart is. Iodic*. I sometimes wonder
if all this pay*. My husband says it doesu't
and he hasn’t a particle of patience with the
hole thing: so that 1 fairly dread to let him
know of a fair or a festixal. lie says it ail
comes out of men anyhow, either in grocery ;
hills or doctor hill*, or buying things after
we have half killed ourselxe* in making
them: and that any man would sooner pay
fixe dollar* out of hi* (locket than haxe hi*
wife try to earn it when she lias all she can
do alrcadx. And he says a woman who ;
wouldn't tnink she could gixe half a dollar I
xx ill bake a cake that costs sexentx -five cents,
and make herself sick in doing it, and then
expect her husband to pay fifty rent* more
for a little piece of it and adi*h of ice cream
that some other woman donated, anil out of
it all. the church get* about twenty-fixe
cent*, and hr can’t sec w here the profit conic*
Mr- (ireatheart laughed.
“We have heard all sort* of talk It sound*
reasonable; hut the trouble i*. when you j
come to test them, the men will not take the
fixe dollar* out of their pocket; thex olwax*
mean some other man’* pocket. ()t course. |
the money come* out of sonictiody; so do j
the profits in a grocery store or a hank. A
for it* (icing simply an exchange from one i
hand into the otn« r. that i* ail nonsense, j
The gain i- a jiercentage on the *kdl and
ingenuitx and *elf-<lenx ing lalior of the la- |
dies, ami I call it a shame for anybody to
deny them the full credit of actual earning*, j
The men gixe :t. indeed’ I should like to
*ee them earning an extra dollar in the wax ,
their wixi * do.”
“Wouldn’t it be funny,” lauglied Miss i
Sally “No* I crocheted ti."*i mats wh •
I wa* rocking Jenny’s hahy to sleep, and I
wanted desperately to read George Kiliot. :
And 1 took uix lunch to school for two I
week* to suxe time at noon to embroider |
th*'*< lambrequin*. Nr*, and lagged the
piece* lieside*."
"1 made excry stitch of that toilet *et after
the children wen- in bed,” *aid Mr*. Dimple. |
••Nix eye* used to get so tired that I saw
cro*--*titches all night, hut it wa* loxelv.” I
• Ju*t fancy your husband running over of •
an ex cuing to saw wood for a neighbor, or
Mr. Jones working ati hour exery night at
shoemaking. or Squire Buncombe taking
order* for the groccrx lieforc he went to hi*
office, or Colonel \N iso *hoxeling path* on
hi* way to lunch, and all for the sake of
earning a little money for the church, with
out trespassing on any other fund*. They'd
*ce the church turned into a junk-shop first.
1 declare 1 haxe a great mind to jiropote to
them to try it.
Mr*, vircainean * eve* nasneu ommousn,
ami the meeting went into secret conclave,
from which all reporter* were excluded bv
dropping the curtains, closing the chimney,
filling the kev hide with cotton, and station
ing a savage dog upon the steps.
The next numlier of the Trumuri an
nounced the fact that the ladies luul retired
from the field, and called a meeting of the
brethren to consider the emergency.
The brethren were present in force, and
commenced operations by appointing five
committees; one to consult tne pastor, one
to interview the architect, one to canvas the
memtiership. one to prepare a statement for
the official hoard, and one to correspond with
Kev. Stunning in reference to securing hi*
aid for some Sabbath. There was some talk
about taking the five dollars out of their
pockets, hut most of them were painfully
cousciou# that the five dollar* was not there,
and. for their lives, they could hit upon no
expedient save the very one whose fallacy
they had so clearly demonstrated to their
wive*; and Greatheart—moved, it is feared,
by malice aforethought—actually proposed
•*1 do not see that it would lie any harder
for us than for them. You, Brother Merd,
could make your own fires and sweep vour
own office, and so save your janitor's fees;
Brother Hill could do copying at home in
the evening; Brother Dale could attend to
jobs of varnishing and repairing in his odd
minutes; Brother Frost could raise vegetables
in his !>ack yard, and Brother Ward could
rise an hour earlier and work at his old
trade of type-setting.”
The bretheru looked at each other and
smiled feebly.
“Thi* is the wav our wives have earned
money; by adding some productive industry
to regular labor# of the day, and turning
into account the odd hours and minutes that
usually pass for nothing in our lives. 1 see
no reason why we should not do the same,
and. if my proposition is accepted 1 will im
mediately open an evening school in Choc
taw for tne benefit of the funds.’”
Still there was a silence. At last old Mat
thew Steadfast arose from his comer, and
nruiirni, i umn i lumt nm- iu unit.
but while 1 kept silence the fire burned.
It never seemed to me like sound economy to
split wood with a razor when you had a
good axe ready to your hand ; it's a hard,
slow way. and it spiles the razor. And it
didn't look to me like good common sense
to sweep up the crumbs as if they were so
much gold dust, and throw away the whole
loaf. Now, if I had my way in this church.
I'd agree to pay off the debt in two years
and have a good round sum left to send to
the heathen, and not a soul of you should
lie worried or overworked, or even know
that you had made any sacrifice.”
‘•Brethren,'' continued the man, coming
out of his corner, and raising his voice in
his earnestness, “you've heard me talk till
you've got kind o( tired of me, and some of
vou think I'm a sort of fanatic about my
Ideas ; but I tell you, brethren, when ideas
have got the word of the Lord and 'rithme
tic to stand on, they'll bear a good many
bard knocks. I won't be hard on ye, breth
ren, I won’t say a word agin yer idols, or
ask ve if ye don’t think ye could glorify the
Lord Jesus better if ye should throw 'em
away to the moles and bats altogether. 1
know some of ye would be 'mazin' had off with
out ’em, and so I’ll be forbearing with ver
infirmities, but I want ye to consider a fair
“I've calc'lated that there arc at least
twentv men in this church who smoke, who
could get along just a* comfortably with
one cigar less a dav ; in fact, wouldn't know
the djperence—and there’* a clear income of
a thousand dollar* a year just from those
twenty men. Then there are1 at least
twenty more who smoke cheaper cigars who
might do the same thing at a saving of seven
hundred more. Xo hard work you see
brethren, nobody's comforts taken so far.
Then 1 am sure there are thirty families in
this church who could save one dollar a
week from their table expenses, and never
miss it. Why it's only a matter of a loaf of
cake am! a couple of pies less, and a plainer
sauce for a pudding, or even no dessert at
all for a couple of day s. There are plenty
of families that could cut off five times as
much, and he all the better for it; hut I'll
only ask for a dollar a week, and there you
have fifteen hundred more from just those
thirty families. Xow it does ’pear to me,
brethren, it wouldn't In* so hard on the
women as wearing out their souls and l>odie»
making fol-de-roU, and trying to sell 'em to
folks that don’t want ’em.
Then there are fifty |>eo|de who could save
five dollars every year from their own and
from their children’s garments, just l»v put
ting in a little less cloth or a little less trim
ming. or saving a few cents a yard on the
goods, ami iioIkmIv on earth lie the wiser,
unless they happened to think that their
children look less like French dolls, and
more as if they Ik* related to the little ones
the Ford Jeosus took in his arms. Why
brethren. I hope it isn’t sacrilegious, but I’ve
sometimes thought the Ford wouldn’t have
dared to touch one of these little creatures
they call children now-a-day, with their
jewels ami flounces and furbelows.
“Hut 1 wan talking aliout saving, breth
ren . here you have ftliofNl more ami you
haven’t liegun to touch this matter of dress.
Add to this twenty |k*ople who »|>end on
amusements am! entertainments for them
selves and familes an average of a dollar a
month, that they could profitably disjien.se
with, and you have a total of over ${INN) a
year that this church might apply toward
the payment of it* debt without laying the
smallest burden upon any of its memliers,
but by sirnplv gleaning a little from its lux
uries and indulgences. I tell ye, brethren.
I'm just ama/ed when I think about it.
rbere it is figured out and nobodv can sav
it isn’t a moderate showing of the case, but
you’ll all go away shaking your heads over
the debt, and if you remember anvthing I've
said, it'll lie the the women folks might
save on their dress, and not the $3,1 N Ml for
cigars and high dinners. Human nature,
brethren, is preverse and preplexin.'
The old man paused to wij»e his forehead
ami the five committees looked at each other.
"It is worth trying.” said the chairman, “and
we might ap|>oiiit a committee.”
“Fit's have no more committees,*' said
Father Steadfast, “they’ll l*- like that mix
ed multitude that went up to tight the I>
raelites. and turned every man his sword
again«t his fellow until thev made an end of
each other. If the jiastor will present this
matter to the church on Sundav. I’ll under
take to put a mite-lnix in every house hold,
ami then let the people give day by day
w,th thanksgiving in their hearts as the Jews
of old did.”
The brethren wavered a little, but finally
deeided to commend the plan for trial, and
Father Steadfast instantly pledged five of
tin- official board t<» give up one cigar per
On the following Sabbath the pastor pn
■M-nu-d the **ubj«rt in such a plain, forcible
manner, that e\er\ one present wasconviiu
oil of if- rrtMitiihlttiru, and Father Stead
fast followed up the work bv a lay sermon
in every family where he established his
mite-hox. When people really tumetl their
attention to it they found a multitude of
things that were not in any way essential to
their comfort, ami day by day the enthu
siasm to increase the fund grew stronger.
•* We have no dessert or cake except on
Sundays," said Mrs. Smart . “and we do not
mi'* it. 1 lay aside a dollar a week on ac
count of it, hut 1 am sure it saves us much
more. Then, since my husluuid has liecnme
accustomed to one cigar less a day. he finds
he ian spare two aliout as well, ami we de
vote the cost of the second one to tx>ok*.
Just think of a new Imok everv week or two,
and we never felt able to buy one lie fore."
“I made my hahv’s dresses with plain hem
and tucks," said Mrs. Dimple, “and he real
ly hxiks sweeter than ever. 1 got two
dresses for the price of one. and so I felt
that I could otford to hire them made, and
that gave my poor neigldior a lift. 1 hail
set my heart on a couple of lovely sashes for
him. hut, dear me! what is the use? Sashes
are only a bother to a liahy, so I put that
five dollars into the box with a clear con
The First Church of Acadia is out of debt,
and lias adopted the sav mg* plan as the best
and easiest method for meeting its regular
benevolences. The women are radiant with
satisfaction, the brethren congratulate
themselves that we did it. and Father Stead
fast rises aixive all clouds of care on the
wings of his rejoicing soul.
.4 Brilliant III a in o ml Bobber.
One of the clev erest diamond robberies of
modern times is reported in a tone of odd
complacency by the leading journals of Sr. i
Petersburg. A fortnight ago a handsome ;
equipage drew up at the door of the first
jeweler in the Russian capital. Alighting i
from the carriage, an elegantly-dressed and ,
remarkably pretty voung lady entered the
shop and requested that some purures of
brilliants might lie shown to her. Several
costly sets were forthwith submitted for in
spection; and after some hesitation she se
lected a riviere and pendants valued at 10,
DOO rubles, and stating that she was the
wife of an eminent mud-doctor, whose name
is a household word in St. Petersburg re
quested the proprietor of the establishment j
to accompany h *r .me with the jewels, in j
order to settle finally with her husband in j
regard to the price. The jeweler packed up j
his diamonds and got into the carriage witn I
his fair customer. Presently they arrived ai
n large house, and were received at the port* !
where by a Suisse in a splendid livery, who j
conducted them up a brilliantly-lighted stair- j
case into a richly-furnished drawing-room. ;
in which the lady tiegged her companion to
take a seat, and, jewel-case in hand, pro- ;
Deeded to summon “her husband."
Entering the doctor’s consultation room t
in an apparent state of uncontrollable agita- >
Lion, she informed the latter that she had >
brought her unfortunate spouse to visit him. I
in the hope that he would undertake to curt* '
bint of the strange monomania under which
be hail labored for some time past. “My
xfHicted husband," she said, “is a wealthy
landed proprietor from A-, in the gov
ernment of Minsk. He is quiet and harm
less, hut has diamonds on tne brain. He
sill talk of nothing else, poor fellow! Will
I'ou see him? 1 have left him in your draw -
ing-room, and am much too nervous to lie
present w hile you diagnose his case. Might
I. therefore, ask you to accompany me
:o mv carriage before you go to him? It
sill fie such a relief to ine to leave him in
lour care.".
Her ingenious device was crowned with
complete suceess. She drove off with the
liamonds. An interview between the doc
tor and the jeweler fuilv confirmed her
itatement with respect to tfie latter's alleged
nonomaiiia. and resulted in his being put
imlcr liodily restraint, from which he was
inly rescued three days later bv one of his
larmers, who succeeded, with the assist
mce of the police, in tracking him to Dr.
V—*s renowned private lunatic asylum.
No trace has yet been discovered of the
gifted lady who accomplished this, in every
lense of the word, “brilliant” coup.—[Lon
Itm Telegraph.
—At a funeral service last week the
ninister, in hi* remarks, was dwelling upon
he loss to tiie husband of the deceased,
irhen the worthy woman spoke up: “Never
niud me. Just throw all your heft on the
A Gave of Giants.
A correspondent of the Philadelphia
: 77me* writes from Manchester, Adams couit
j ty, Ohio, as follows:
The Ohio Valley, ami this immediate sec
tion in particular, is rich in remains of that
| wonderful nre-historic race, the evidences
; of whose civilisation have been perpetuated
: in those curious pieces of engineering from
■ which is derived the euphonious name
■ “Mouiul Builders," given them by arclurol
■ «>gists. Within the past few days wonderful
! discoveries have been made in this vicinity,
which open up a new chapter in the historv
! of this remarkable race and throw much
; light upon tlieir manner of living, their
[ character, their social habits and their phys
[ ica] nature. In different sections of the
| world, ami at divers time, there have lieen
| found the remains of a gigantic fauna and
flora, and of human kind of enormous size.
! So rare ami far apart have lieen these dis
coveries, however, that we have looked up
on historical accounts of them as clearly
constructed pieces of fiction, and been loth
to believe that there ever existed a man able
to do battle with a fierce mastodon or the
savage megatherium. It remains for Adams
county to come forward with a startling con
firmation of the text: “And there were
giants in those days." For in Adams coun
ty has lieen found not only the bone* of a
gigantic race of men. hut tlieir implements
of warfare and husbandry, and excellently
preserved specimen* of their art in sculp
ture. painting, engraving ami writing.—
W bet her these pre-historic giants hail a
hand in the creation of those splendidly de
signed and durably constructed pieces of
engineering w hich stretch across the country
from the headquarters of the Ohio to the
mouth of the Uio (iramie, there to com
mingle with a similar chain of roads, mounds
and fortifications coming down the Pacific
*loj>e, and continuing on through Mexico,
Central America and the South American
States, to lie finally lost in the unexplored
barren* of Patagonia, will lie left for the
solution of a wiser head than your corres
pondent possesses, lie simplv relates the
tact* : the scientists may huilu thereon the
the. 1 .IV
in eoii\itmiuni wun s*•lilt oi nil* Iimt'si
citi/ciiM of this county, I have liecn unable
to learn the date of the discovery of a cave
on the old Smith farm, in Tiffin township.
For years it has Uen a place of resort for
the curious, ami wus always regarded a great
natural euriositv. The old Smith farm is on
the Portsmouth pike, la-tween fifteen and
sixteen miles northeast of this place. It is
now owned by Mr. Samuel Grooms and is a
fertile, well-cultivated body of land. Alniut
a ini arte r of a mile from the house i.s a level
field of two hundred acres, occupying a
plateau, surrounded by lofty hills. In the
renter of this field is the entrance to the
cave. As you near the mouth of the cave
there is a gradual depression of the ground
on all sides, forming what in the local no
menclature is denominated a ••sink hole.”
At the bottom of this circular basin is a hole
three feet in diameter and aUmt twenty-five
feet in depth, at which distance from the
surface you strike the floor of the first cham
ber in the cave, a dry cavern, twcntv bv
thirty feet, with smooth, even floor, root and
walls of freestone. Crossing the room vou
enter a corridor six feet in width, which con
nects with another chamber smaller than
the first, and this in turn is connected with
a third chamber by a similar corridor. The
third room is about the size of the first, but
it has a lofty arched dome and the walls,
floor and roof are of limestone. Through
the rock the water has oozed for countless
ages and formed thousands of glistening
stalactites. Nowhere else in the cave do
you find these* slow-growing formations, and
now lu re else do you find the limestone
cropping out. To gain access to the fourth
chamber it u necessary to climb a steep, wet
bunk and squeeze through a narrow hssure
in the rock, which was once a corridor like
those connecting the other rooms. Some
convulsion of nature has forced the sides to
gether. In one corner of this fourth cham
lier is an elevation which, when once sur
mounted, discloses a yawning well, with a
mouth ten feet in diameter and of unknown
depth. Apply your ear to the edge of the
well and you bear the hollow roaring of an
underground stream hundreds of feet below.
Beyond this fourth chamber are five others,
connected by narrow galleries. The cave
comes to an end against a perpendicular
wall of solid rock in the ninth chamber and
aliout five hundred yards from its mouth.
The floor of all the chambers except the
third one, where the limestone crops out, are
dry. All are mathematically regular in
shape except this one. They are of different
lengths, but all .ire of the same width and
height. It is a romantic place for a picnic
and has been given up to such rural festivi
ties for years. Kverv corner of the cave has
liecn thoroughly explored a thousand times,
and the walls of the limestone chamber are
covered with the names of visitors and the
date of their visit. One high upon the wall
reads: “Von Brady, 1780." Von Brady
was a pioneer Indian fighter and hunter who
came here in advance of the “Ohio com- ,
puny," in 17-Hii. He was a daring man, and j
sent many of the red men to the “happy
hunting grounds."
A few days ago a party of gentlemen of
this county, interested in archaeological re
searches. visited the cave, well provided
with ropes, lanterns and tools, bent on ex
ploring the mysterious well in the fourth
chamber. An improvised rope ladder sixty
feet in length was lowered down the well. 1
Then one of the party descended, whilst the ,
olliers watched above. Ten feet from the
top of the well tne wall was uneven, and, j
by placing his feet on the convenient ledges, ,
no difficulty was exjierienced in making the \
descent. About fifty feet down the explor- |
er found the entrance to another cavern.— j
The gallery at its mouth is ten feet six j
inches high and five feet four inches in
width. Tne gallery is straight and fifty feet
in length, w here it enters a large room two
hundred and twenty feet long, one hundred
and ten feet wide and twenty-four feet high.
The gallery widens gradually, and where it
enters the chamber measures twenty-five
feet across. The roof, floor and walls are
smooth and even. In the center of this
apartment is a sarcophagus and mausoleum
combined. The mausoleum, at its base,
measure* fifty-five by thirty-five feet. It is
simple, though beautiful in design, and
carved out of the solid rock. Its base is
paneled on all sides, these panels containing
bas-reliefs, which are supposed to represent
the four seasons in man’s life—childhood,
youth, manhood and old age. At the ends
of the bas-reliefs are tablets full of written
characters, in shape something like the He
braic, presumed to be inemoriams of the
person or persons in whose honor the mau
soleum is erected. The carving on the bas
reliefs is of the most delicate description
and fully equal to the Grecian school of
sculpture. The limits of a newspaper article
will not suffice fitly to describe them. From
the floor to the top of this base is six feet.
The base is hollowed out at the four corners,
and these excavations are covered with slabs
of freestone, accurately fitted and so firmly
cemented that a cold-chisel struck with a
heavy hammer made little or no impression
on the cement. They are of uniform size,
measuring five bv twelve feet. In the cen
ter of the mausoleum rises a couch two feet
five inches in height, twelve feet in length
and five feet in width.
On this couch is extended the figure of a
man. It is probably of life size, and meas
ures nine feet four inches in length. The
limbs are finely pronortioned and disposed
in an easy and graceful manner. The arms
are folded acroe* the breast and the fingers
clasp a hunch of leaves resembling oak, re
produced with such fidelity to nature that
they look like petrifactions. Every vein and
serration of the leaf is perfect. The figure
is partially nude, a mantle or scarf crossing
the breast and loins and falling in graceful
folds on each side. The face is one of great
strength and beauty, and the features are of
a Hebrew cast. The head is covered with a
winged cap. or helmet. At each corner of
the couch is u vase four feet nine inches
high, covered with lieautifully carved flow
ers and leaves. They are in shape some
thing like an amphora, except that the !>ot
tom is fiat and the handles affixed to the
body of the vase. The neck is thirteen
inches in length and tapers gradually and
gracefully. 1 lie vases are of uniform size,
although the carved designs are different.
They measure in circumference four feet fixe
inches. The diameter of the neck is six
inches. Suspended from the roof, and directly
«>xer the head of the recumbent figure, is a
copjicr lamp of unique design, elegantly
chased, and kept in position by rods of the
same metal. At each corner of the mauso
leum rises a carved pyramidal column, sur
, mounted by caps that arc unmistakably
! Doric. On two sides of the room are tombs
| of humbler design. They are side by side,
of uniform size and twenty in numlnrr, ten
on a side. Like the mausoleum, they are
| carved out of the solid rock and embellished
with bas-reliefs. Their dimensions are as
follows: length, 12 feet; width, 5 feet;
height, •*> feet. The tops are covered with ,
slabs, securely cemented. On the front of i
each is a raised scroll, covered with written !
characters, similar to those on the panels of i
the mausoleum. On the wall of the room,
opposite the entrance, is painted twenty-five i
faces, no doubt portraits of those whose
hones lie in the tombs. They are faded and >
blurred, hut still distinct enough to lie dis- ;
tinguished. Eight of*these faces are of '
children, five of youths, two of young men, I
nine <»! middle-aged men and women auxl !
one, in the center of the group, an exact |
eop\ of the face of the recumbent figure on
the mausoleum. The colors used are red,
yellow, black and white and were evidently
mixed with oil. The portraits are executed
in a superior manner, ami the anatomical
proportion of the features is preserved to an
exact degree.
I'»nc- hum hi me Milan minus no* irth
opened. It contained a splendidly-preserved
mummy swathed in cloth covered with a
thick varnish which emits a pleasant aro
matic odor, not unlike balsam of fir. The
mummy measures nine feet and one inch in
length, and is evidently the body of a man.
One of the party of discoverer* cut the wrup
j>rings from the face, but did it so clumsily
j that the head crumbled into dust. Portions
of the hair remained sticking to the doth,
and your correspondent has a piece before
him us he write". It is black, curlv, and of
fine texture. Besides the body of the giant,
the tomb contained a s|»ear-heud, a hatchet,
two lances, three mattocks or hoes, a spade,
a cup, two plates and a small urn. all of cop -
per. One of the lance-heads and the small
est cup have l>een shown me. The wonder
ful jH-ople understood the secret of harden
ing rnp|»er. for an ordinary tile will hardly
[ strati'll the lance. and the edge of a cold
I chisel turns up like lead when struck against
it. The cup is ..f softer metal and U*auti
fully engraved with trailing vines and
wreaths. A square package at the head of
the tomb. wrapj»eil in the varnivd cloth,
I contained a ln»ok of one hundred leaves of
, thin copper, fastened loosely at the top and
i crowded with tinelv engraved characters sim
! liar to those already descril»ed.
1 his remarkable cave is one of the most
wonderful pre historic remains ever discov
! ered. Its builders were a race of giants,but
whether they were also mound-builders, I
■ know not. The upper cave was the cellar
| of a house, anil useil for domestic purpose,
! or as a place of retreat in case of attack on
the above-ground residence. In the first two
chambers and in the last five are many curi
ous formations in the shape of tables and
lynches, which have always been presumed
to Ik* of natural origin. I.ater examinations
revealed the marks of chisel and pick, w hich
were also noticeable on the floor, roof and
wails. The entire excavation is made out of
solid r«>ck. and all the chandlers were at one
time of the same w idth and height. The ir
regularity of the roof, walls anil floor of the
limestone chamber is due to natural causes.
In all probability the room was dry when
the wonderful people who designed and budt
it were ulive. The salacities and stalagmites
have formed since. 1 measured one of the
longest of the former. It was file feet six :
and one-half inches from base to apex. Al
lowing that it lengthened at the rate of one
inch every fifty years which a geological
friend tells me is very rapid growth—it would !
have been three thousand, three hundred and 't
twenty-five years reaching its present length.
Conjecture alone can fix the date of the last
occupancy of the cave. It must have been
years before the stalactites liegan to form. 1
examined the mouth of the cave and disc
ered traces of a stairway w hich once led to |
the surface of the ground. Indeed, I found
among the debris broken fragments of rock
which, five or six thousand years ago, were •
undoubtedly parts of a broad staircase.
There were also traces of a stairway which
wound around the sides of the wall, affording
easy entrance to the lower cavern.
The owner of the cave, Mr. Grooms, has
organized a companv w ith capital, ami they
contemplate opening all the tombs ami the
great mausoleum. As soon as all arrange- j
ments are completed the cave will he thrown
open to the public and an admission fee
charged. In the meantime the entruuce to
the cave is kept closed, to keep out the cu
riosity-seekers, who flock to it from miles \
around. Mr. Grooms is anxious to have a
scientist examine the cave, and a description j
of the discoveries, together with the en- j
graved hook ami the tools found in the j
tomb w ill he forw arded at once to the Smith- I
sonian Institution.
A Viper-Hunter.
In the depannent of La Vendee, in the
west of France, the venomous viper is hunt
ed for the purpose of making an electuary ,
com|M>sed chiefly of pounded vipers w hich
is called the Royal Remedy , and is consider
ed by the ignorant people as an infallible
specific for many diseases. The business of
hunting those noxious reptiles is rather
a dangerous employment, tneir bite being
fatal, and their haunts so secluded as to be
with difficulty approached. A recent travel
er in that country describes one of the per
sons engaged in this singular pursuit w hom
he chanced to encounter in the woods w hile
equipped for his task and busily engaged
therein. In a narrow defile between rocks
overhung with lichens he saw a raised plat
form of stone, upon which stood a man
dressed in a complete suit of thick leather
armor with nothing but the upper part of
his face exposed. Reside him was a large
kettle filled with milk, boiling over a large
fire, and there was fresh spilt milk scat
tered around. The man was stooping and
looking about him with an air of anxiety.
Presently he put forth his leather-covered
hand and seised a viper which was making
toward him, attracted by the odor of the
milk. This he quickly threw into the boil
ing caldron. At the sound of the reptile's
agonized hiss the tail grass round the rocks
was agitated, and several of the same species
glided out, and these were successively
crushed on the head by the hunter’s heel.
He picked them up one by one and put them
into a cask, stopped with a bung. These
maneuvers were repeated several times, un
til the cask was nearly filled, when he
poured out the milk upon the ground, and
having exausted his viper-covey, packed up
his traps and proceeded to the village to sell
his game to the apothecary.—PkUa. Ledger.
Rales ef ilTerllilsi i
1 wk. 3 wk». 3 BOk 8 IU08. 1 JT.
1 inch. $1 OR $150 $ 400 $ 400 $1000
3 Inches. 300 4 30 830 15 00 25 40
column, 000 13 00 3000 4800 8500
1 column, 14 00 22 00 5000 8340 180 80
Special Notices, One tqiiut 3 weaks, $3 oo
Each additional woek, 30 cate.
Adminiatralor'i and Executor’. Notice., 2 30
<- nation from Probate Court, 3 oo
tommluioner’A Notice#, 2 00
Meueuger'* and Aaoignee'a Notices 2 oo
hditorial Notices, |>cr iiuc, 10
Obituary NfUcett, per line. It
No charge less than 05
One inch space will constitute a square.
Transient Advertisements to be paid in advance
No advertisements reckoned lees than n square
Marriages ami Deaths Inserted free.
Yearly advertisers to pay quarterly.
roLim. Wills Ni. 1388. tu.
Extermination of Indian Beaeti.
[From the ( orublll.]
• A belt of jungle filled with ferocious ani
mals lay for years around the cultivated
land. The official records frequently speak
of the mail-hag l>eing carried off by tigers,
and the custom of the mail-runners carrying
jangling rings or hells to scare away the
wild beasts survived to our own day. Lord
Cornwallis, in 178i>, had to sanction a grunt
of public mouey to free the military road
from the depredations of these animals.
I he ravages of the wild elephants were on
a larger scale, and their extermination funn
ed one of the most important duties of the
Hriti.sh officers after the country passed un
der our rule. Tigers, leopards and wolves
slew their thousands of men and their hun
dreds of thousands of cattle. Hut the herd
of wild elephants was absolutely resistless,
lifting off roofs, pushing down walls, tramp
ling a village under foot as if it were a citv
ot sand which a child had built upon the
shore. In two parishes alone, during the
last few years of the native administration,
fifty-six hamlets with their surrounding
lands "had all been destroyed and gone to
jungle, caused by the depredations of wild
elephants.” Another official return states
that forty market villages throughout Hirh
hum l>i*trict had been deserted from the
same cause.
Large reductions hud to Ih* made in the
land-tax, and the East India Company bor
rowed tame elephants from the native Vice
roy s stud in order to catch the wild ones.
“I had ocular proof on my journey,” writes
an English officer in 1791, of “their ravages,
file poor timid native ties his cot in a tree,
to w hich he retires w hen the elephants ap
proach, and silently views the destruction of
liis cottage and the whole profits of his
labor.” “One night,” writes an English
j survey in 1*10, “although 1 had u guard,
the men of the village dose to mv tent re
j tired to the trees, and the women hid them
i selves among the cattle, leaving their huts a
: prey to the elephants, who knew very well
! w here to look for grain. Two nights before,
! some of them had unroofed a hut in the
village, and had eaten up all the grain which
j a poor family possessed.” “Most fortunately
l for the population of the country,” wrote
the greatest elephant-hunter of the last cen
tury, “they delight in the sequestered range
! 'd the mountains; if thev preferred the
plains. whole kingdoms w ould 1h‘ laid waste.”
All this is uow changed. One of the com
plaints of the modern Englishman in India is
that he can so seldom get a shot at a tiger.
Wolves are dving out in many provinces;
the ancient Indian lion has disap|>eared. The
w ild elephant is so rare that he is specially
I protected by the Government, and in most
parts of India he can only Ih? caught hv of
ficial license or under official supervision.
Many districts have petitioned for a close
, season, so as to preserve the edible game
| "tiH remaining. The only animal that has
i delicti the energy of the I’ritish official is
i the snake. One may, however, judge of the
; loss of life hv wild beasts in the last century
from the deaths caused by this, their chief
*nrv ivor at the present day. The ascertained
numUT of persons who died from snake-bite
in 1*7.7 was 1 T.<Hh> out of a total of 21.391
killed by snakes and all other wild animals.
I he deaths from wild beasts in the last cen
tury were probably not under 1.70,000 a
1 year.
How The Russians Keep Warm.
1 lie Russians have a great knack for mak
ing their winters pleasant. You feel noth
ing of the cold in those tightly-built houses
where all the doors and windows are double
and where the rooms are kept warm hv big
•stoves hidden in the walls. There in no
damp in a Russian house; and the inmates
may dress indoors in the lightest of garbs,
which contrast oddly with the mass of furs
and wraps which they don when going out.
A Russian can afford to run no risks of ex
posure when he leaves his house for a walk
or drive. He covers his head and ears with
a fur bonnet, his feet and legs w ith felt boots
lined with wool or fur, which are drawn on
over the ordinary boots and trowsers, and
reach up to the knees. He next cloaks him
self in an ample ton-coat with a fur collar,
lining and cuffs, and he buries his hands in a
pair of fingerless gloves of seal or Inrar-skin.
Thus equinjH-d, and with the collar of his
coat raised all around so that it muffles him
up to the eyes, the Russian exposes only his
nose to the cold air, and he takes care fre
quently to give that organ a little rub to
keep the circulation going. A -stranger,who
is apt to forget that precaution, would often
get his uose frozen if it was not for the cour
tesy of the Russians, w-ho will always warn
him if they see his nose “whitening,” and
will, unhidden, help him to chafe it vigor
ously w ith snow.
In Russian cities walking is just possible
t' -r men during w inter; hut hardly so for la
dies. The women of the lower order wear
knee-hoots; those of the shop-keeping classes
seldom venture out at all; those of the aristoc
raev go out in sleighs. These sleighs are
by no means pleasant vehicles for nervous
people, for the Kalmuck coachmen drive
them at such a terrific pace that thev fre
quently capsize; hut persons not destitute of
pluck find their motion most enjoyable. It
must l>e added that to be spilled out of a
Russian sleigh is only tantamount to getting
a rough tumble on a soft mattress, for the
very thick furs in which the victim is sure
to he wrapped will l»e enough to break the
The houses and hovels of the Russian
working classes ure as well wanned as those
of the aristocracy. A stove is always the
principal item of furniture in them’; and
these contrivances are used to sleep on as
well as to cook in. The mujick, having no
bod, curls himsell up on his stove at his time
for going to rest; sometimes he may be
found creeping right into the stove anil en
joying the delights of a good vapor bath.
1 he amount of heat which a Russian will
stand is amazing, and his carelessness in
lacing tile cold afterward not less so. On a
Saturday, which is wash-day all over Russia,
vou may sec in a village a mujick—who has
been cooking himself in his stove till he is
of a color like a boiled lobster—rush naked
into the snow and roll himself in it like a
dog till he glows all over to his satisfaction.
It seems monstrous that on* of the Rus
sian's principal protections against the cold,
his beard, was laid under penalty by Peter
the (ireat and subsequently by Elizabeth and
^ ‘■thenne II. w hen they were trying to
civilize their subjects according to the cus
*^e ^ eHt- I hese three sovereigns
all laid a tax on beards ; and peasants enter
ing cities on market (lavs were required to
exhibit, in proof that' they had paid their
tax, a brass coin stam|ie(l with a bearded
race and the words “boroda lignaia tioago
la,” (the beard tax has been settled.) This
ibsurd impost was abolished by Paul, but
the effects of it still survive in a manner,
for the beard is still considered “bad form"
in aristocratic circles. Military officers wear
all|y mustache and whiskers; diplomatists
ind other civil servants eschew the whisk
srs, and generally reap their faces alto
fether. A Russian with a beard is pretty
lure to Ite either a “pope” or a member of
>ne of the classes below the upper middle.
—[Poll Mall (lazdtz.
. —A company of scapegraces meeting a
jious old man named Samson, one of them
ixclaimed, “Ah, now we’re safe. We'll
lake Samson along with us aud then,
ihould we be set upon by a thousand Philis
tines, he'll slay them all.” My young friend,"
quietly responded the old man, “to do that,
1 should have to borrow your jawbone !*'
—The prisoner being asked whether he .
■truck the man in the heat of passion, re
died : “No, I struck him in the pit of th*

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