Historical Notes Concerning
the Practice of Restoring
Life to Those Rescued
from the Sea.
' Alfred E. Veness of the Board of
Education who is desirous to see
wimming taugni m ie pu"'"-
... . . . 1 T i
- - a 4. X ..K1
schools was elected to tne itoyai wie
Savin? Society ot tionaon yeais
V . a - 3 vf tVl A
art of resuscitation. From a hand
book issued by the society he gives
tlfe following notes on resuscitation:
The first recorded cases of resusci
tating the apparently drowned are
mentioned in the notes to "Derham's
Phvsico-Theology" as having occur
red at Troningholm and Oxford about
the year 1650. In the year 1745
Dr. J. Fothergill read a paper on the
subject before the Royal Society. It
dealt with the recovery of a man,
dead in appearance, having his lungs
distended by Mr. William Tossack,
Surgeon in Alloa, in 1744.
In the year 1767, M. Reaumur, re
ported several cases of resuscitation
which he had been able to effect in
Switzerland, and shortly after a So
ciety was formed at Amsterdam for
the recovery of the apparently
drowned, and to instruct the common
people as to the best manner of
treating them when rescued, and to
reward the people for their services.
In 1773. Mr. A. Johnson, M.D.,
suggested the formation of a similar
Society In England, and Dr. Cogan
translated the memoirs of the Am
sterdam Society. Dr. Hawes secure
a copy, and tried to form a Society.
There was. however, a strong preju
dice against the idea but he publicly
offered rewards to persons who, be
tween Westminster and London
Bridges, should rescue drowning per
iston and bring them to certain places
on shore in order that resuscitation
Blight be attempted. In this way he
was Instrumental in the saving of
several lives, and paid the rewards
out of "his own pocket, until his zeal
brought him sympathy, and the Roy
al Human Koeietv was founded. This
was in the year 1774. The system
then In vogue of Inducing artificial
respiration was by inserting the pipe
of a pair of bellows into one nostril
and closing the other. Air was forc
ed Into the lungs and then expelled
by pressing the chest, thus imitating
respiration. Dr. Hawes used for
his resuscitation work a kind of cra
dle. In which the subject was placed,
and then raised over a , furnace.
Bleeding, holding up by the heels,
rolling on casks, etc., were at various
limes resorted to.
m 1891 a person was restored in
Australia by being held over a smoky
fire, which is a native method of re
storing life; while a few years back,
at a riverside town, a patient was sav
ed by the placing of a handkerchief
over his mouth and the alternate
blowing into and. drawing air out of
the lungs until natural breathing was
The oldest of the presnt-day meth
ods is the one Introduced by Dr. Marshall-Hall
in 1856. It consists in
rolling the patient from the side to
face downwards, and applying pres
Knre between the shoulder blades.
This rollilng Is continued at the rate
of about 15 times a minute. Dr. Sil
vester's method was introduced in
1857. In this method the patient
is laid upon- his back and the arms
are pullled up above the head, then
folded and pressed against the sides
of the chest. When the arms, are
pulled above the head the chest la
inflated, and when pressed 'against
the side it is deflated.
In 1869. Dr. Howard propounded
another method, which also requires
the patient being Jaid upon his back,
the pressure being applied by the
hands against the lower ribs, thu3
causing jthe air to be expelled from
the lungs. When the pressure is re
leased the air re-enters.
The subject of resuscitation has al--so
received considerable attention, in
various parts of the world. In Ger
many, In 1869, Dr. Sch'ultz suggested
a plan; m iti ur. raascns brought
forward another and in 1879 Dr.
Schuller a third, while In 1893 Dr.
Djeultzen experimented on the same
subject in Sweden, and many other
medical men have also made it a
matter of much study.--;-A digest of
their conclusions, together with sug
gestions f of a modified Silvester
method was published at Upsala, Swe
Commencing Thursday and
Specials in ' all
Public Market Building
State and Bank Sts. Telephone Nos. 404, 405, 406
Geo. Bo Clark & Co
057 TO 1073 BROAD STREET. OPP. POST OFFICE
THREE BAD DAYS
The day before wash day is a day or dreadful anticipation. Wash day
self is a ilay of dreadful realization.. The day after wash day is a day of
dreadful aftermath, with Its kindred aehetf and pains. Cut it out at one full
stroke by sending the family washing to the -
THE CRAWFORD LAUNDRY CO.
rAIRHELD ATEXTE AND COURTLAND STREET
den, in 1905, by K. G. Ploman.a med
ical student of the University. , :
In 1903, after many years of in
vestigation. Professor E. A. Schafer,
F. R. S., published the results of his
researches on the relative efficiency
of the existing methods of perform
ing artificial respiration" in man, and
described a new method for effect
ing this purpose. Professor Schaf
er's" method has now been adopted
by the Royal Life Saving Society, be
cause of its simplicity, and because
the patient is laid face downward,
thus avoiding the necessity of at
tending to the tongue, always a diffi
cult operation. The face downwards
position not only ensures the falling
forward of the tongue, but also fa
cilitates escape of mucus and fluid
from the throat and mouth by nat
ural gravitation, and prevents waste
of valuaable time, which would other
wise be occupied in preliminary op
erations, and would delay the com
mencement of artificial respiration.
Professor Schafer was born in Lon
don in 1850, and is now Professor
of Physiology at the Edinburgh Uni
versity; he was general secretary of
the "British association from 1895 to
1900, took the Baly medal of the Col
lege, of Physicians in 1897, and was
awarded the Royal medal by the Roy
al Society in 1902. He has written
several standard works on Histology
and Physiology; - several of his pa
pers have appeared in the "Transac
tions of the Royal Society," the "Jour
nal of Physiology," and elsewhere.
He has also rendered the Society In
valuabale services by supervising and
correcting all the details of his . meth
od as produced in this Hand book.
Eagles' Hall Thronged
at St. Joseph's Whist
Eagles' Hall was. thronged Monday
evening at the whist and , pinochle
given by the Children of Mary pf St.
Joseph's church. There were 80 ta
bles filled with whist players while
43 tables were given over, to pinochle.
Dancing followed a the playing.
The evening's successs was due to
the energetic work of Rev. Hubert
Dahme assisted by the Misses An
nie E. Kaesmann, Pauline A. Wagner
and Theresa Polke.
The whist winners ' were Mrs.
Moore, George Stafford, Mrs. Hayden,
Catherine Boland, Grace O'Conneil,
Mrs. G. Greene, J. J. Brown, John
Nolan, A. McCann, A. O'Neill, Mrs. E.
Byrnes, Mrs. Ruessy, J. H. Russell, H.
Campbell, Laura Dickes, M. - Kil
eourse, Joseph Hennessey, Mrs. H.
Morris, R.J. Hall. George Gabley.Mary
Skane, Anna Leopold, William Mc
Kenna, Mrs. R. F. Clancey, Mrs. A.
Nelson, Lucy Coffey, D. Waldman,
Mrs. j John O'Conneil, Joseph Hafner,
Mrs. J. Miller,1 Elizabeth Schearn, J.
J. Ramsey, Mrs. Larkin, E. Beards
ley, Frank Gallagher, B Brennan,
Mrs. M. ' Carey, Mrs. Morrissey, Mary
Lacker, J. J. Ganley, Mrs. Horkheim
er, Mr Hopkins, Daniel BrolleyV Mrs.
C. Shine, F. Watkins, . L. Redmond,
T. Bracken,- L. Hadley, A. Healey, F.
A. Anderson, . H. Uhlig, Martin Casey
J. .E. Baum, Mrs. Dora Miller, C.
Gaynor, George Nothnagle, Frank
The winners at pinochle were: J. H.
Tallerdy, A. R. Abriola, F. Naedele,
Mrs. M.. Kenney, B. Smith, Lillian
Graether, J. P. Vaurri, G. Kunkel, B.
Zehnder, John Horn, H.' Schuamm,
W. J. Stewart, G. Carroll, N. Knapp,
A. Vagniot, G. Strempel, Mrs. J. G.
Boettger, R. H. McMullen, R. H. Mil
ler. Mrs. C. Rohrbach, M.' C. Kear
nery, Mrs. C. Lubexano, Mrs. T. Wal
deyer, J. Shapiro, H. S. Brewer.-. E.
Klein, H. Stremple, Carrie Nelson, T.
Condon, Mrs. J. Timoney, T. Zehnder,
F. Willmore, J. J. Rourke, T. Belins
ki, Maria Tyrrell and' C. J. Weldon.
SCH7B:l( MASQUERADE BALL
PROVES TO BE BIG SUCCESS
-Eagles hall was filled to the doors
last-evening with 'the crowd that at
tended the annual - masquerade and
ball of the Schwaben Sick Benefit
The ball was opened with a special
drilj by the floor committee, attired
In costumes of the- period of Fred
erick the Great. Then three tableaux;
were presented. " "The Birth of the
American Flag," "Washington Cross
ing the Delaware," and "Columbia
and Germania United."
Following this came- the d.ajxcing .
The unmasking took place later in
the evening and was the occasion cf
much merriment. Prizes were award
ed for costumes as follows: Miss Roso
Goll, first; Miss Mable Brousseau,
second; Charles L. Schindler, most
comical. . - , . . . .
Many of the new laces show a combination-
of filet and point de Venis.
This last lace is extremely fashionable.
East Main St.
a In p m
Pile Maffi& Braid
FEDERAL TRUST CO,
IS TO BE PART OF
Assurances of Good Faith of
Promoters Pledged at
Hearing in Hartford
Atty. JV B. Klein Informs
Committee of Plans of In
corporators Want More
Time for Organization.
(Special to . the Parmer.) -Hartford.
Feb. 22 That the Federal
Trust Co.. contemplated " as a savings
department for the Fequonnock bank
of Bridgeport, hopes to be in active
operation before another year elapses,
and that deaths and other unforeseen
happenings ' had prevented the estab
lishment of the trust company long
ago; were the- statements of persons
appearing before 'the committee . on
Banks at a hearing late yesterday on
the petition for an extension of the
time given under its charter, to or
Senator McNeil spoke for the peti
tioners, telling the committee of his
acquaintance with the men behind the
movement. and detailing something of
the, history of the proposed company.
The Federal Trust Co. secured per
mission to organize as part of the Fe
quonnock 1 National Bank In 1905.
Prominent : among the petitioners he
mentioned i the names of Peter W.
Wren. John E. Foster, DeVer H. War
ner. Isaac W. Birdseye. and Attorney
Jacob B. Klein. Senator McNeil said
he was authorized to speak for his
colleagues. Senators-Bartlett and Pad
dock, who were-detained, at other
hearings and who were favorable to
the petitioners. He spoke highly of
the Peouonnock Bank and. its cashier,
F. W. Hall, who is city treasurer, and
called attention to the fact that the
bank is the city depository.
Attorney Jacob B. Klein, looking the
picture of health, smilingly told the
committee that he is "the baby mem
ber" of the board of directors, having
recently been admitted. Mr. -Birdseye
and he were appointed a committee
to take the matter in hand and get
ready for prompt organization. He
p'ointed out that the company had al
ready paid $400 for fees to the State
which would be of no use if the ex
tension of time is denied. He agreed
to the proposition to limit the exten
sion of time to Dec. 1. 1912. assuring
the committee of ihe good faith of the
petitioners in seeking to have an op
portunity merely of a brief extension
in order to complete arrangements for
Its Institution. Mr. Birdseye also
spoke for the extension. There' was
no objection. A speedy report is ex
pected. . '
Representative Meltzer and At
torney Klein For Local
' Magyars ':
" (Special to the Farmer.)
Hartford. Feb. 22 Attorney Jacob
B. Klein of Bridgeport, and Represen
tative Joshua Meltzer of Bridgeport,
appeared before the committee on In
corporations yesterday. . seeking to
have the Hungarian Sick Benefit So
ciety of Bridgeport placed. through
amendments to its. charter, upon an
equal footing with the sick- benefit
societies that are exempted from tax
ation. There was no opposition at
the hearing. '
MANUFACTURERS TO HAVE
'' FfllE SPEAKERS IN CITY
The Manufacturers' association will
banquet at The' Stratfield on March
l(v, and among the list of speakers
will be three very t prominent ones:
Major General Leonard Wood, U. S.
A., Charles H. Littlefield, ex-congressman
from Maine, and John Purroy
Mitchell, president of the New York
board of aldermen.
The banquet this year will be one
of the largest ever and the unusually
attractive list of 'speakers will be a
big drawing card, . .
THE PRETTIEST FACE
and. the most beautiful hands are of
ten disfigured by an unsightly wart.
It can easily.be removed in a few days
without pain by using Cyrus Wart
Remover, for sale only at The Cyrus
Pharmacy. v 253 Fairfield avenue and
186 Cannon St.
CLEANEASY, THE BEST HAND
- Guaranteed not to Injure the skin.
Instantly removes Stove Polish, Rust,
Grease, Ink, Paint and Dirt. For the
hand or clothing. Large can 10 cents
Manufactured by ,Wm. R. Winn, 214
We carry only the BEST La
dles' EXTENSION HEEL Rub
bers and Arctics. Light weight
rubbers with the heavy heels.
Ladles' Rubbers .......... 75c
Ladles' Arctics SU.50
Ladies' High Arctics $2.85
ARCTICS and BOOTS
We sell that Heavy Rubber
with the RED DOUBLE HEEL
for Men, the one that the Po
licemen and Letter Carriers
wear.- - -
Men's Rubbers ....$1.00, $1.50
Men's Arctics .$1.25, $1.75
Men's High Arctics, with
; extension heels ....... .$2.35
Jaycox Rubber Co.
1042 MAIN STREET
Head Cannon Sc
Senator Paddock Presides at
ALL TAXATIOiTmUST BE
IMPERFECT; INCOME TAX,
LEAST FAULTY, HE SAYS
Famous Publicist Galls Atten
tion to Loss of Connecti
(Special to The Farmer.) .
Hartford, Feb. 22 Before the Com
mittee on Federal Relations, of which
Senator Garry Paddock of Bridgeport
is chairman, Prof. Willard C. Fisher,
mayor of Middletown, Conn., account
ed among the . greatest publicists of
the country, made . a stroiTg plea for
the ratification by the State of Con
necticut of the 16th amendment to the
U. Si constitution having to do with
empowering the government to levy
Prof. Fisher was the accredited rep
resentative of the Central Labor Un
ion of Hartford, an organization of 5,
000 workingman. But in speaking for
them, as he explained to the commit
tee, he spoke primarily to give ex
pression to his own .views , and to
place the committee tn. touch with
such information as he, a special stu
dent of political economy for many
years, could give them as a result of
his long, consideration of the sub
ject. Besides Prof. Fisher, there were sev
eral advocates of the proposition,
among them Representative Joshua
'Meltzer of Bridgeport, T. M. Crowley,
president of the Workingmen's Poli
tical League, representing ; 20,000 work
ingmen and Rev. George W. Hull, a
Bristol clergyman , identified with the
Social'st movement. Francis H. Parker,-
former representative and chair
man of the house committee of incor
porations at the previous General As
sembly, made a long speech in opposi
tion to the proposed ratification.
After Rep. .Meltzer had treated the
legal aspects and claimed the consti
tutionality of the proposed step, and
other speakers had dwelt briefly upon
the subject, Prof. F'sher was intro
duced to the committee by Charles P.
Leonard, who spoke for the Hartford
Central Labor Union. Paying a tri
bute to the?-high degree of efficiency of
the organization represented, Mayor
Fisher explained to the committee
that he spoke primarily " for himself,
-though he was at the hearing to voice
the views of the Hartford organiza
tion, as well as his own.
All our forms of taxation, he argued,
are taxes, Indirectly upon the income.
But the property system of taxation,
he argued, was burdensome upon the
poor, and unfair. The income tax as
an economic proposition, he argued,
has been demonstrated as uniformly
good in many countries, under various
forms of government. True, It is ' a
human institution and as such, can
not reach perfection, but it is ' less
Imperfect than any other system.
The speaker said he was armed with
a vast amouat of statistics and In
formation upon the subject, which
was at thedisposal of any of the gen
tlemen of the committee, or any oth
ers at the hearing who desired to take
issue wifn his statements or who
Awaiting inquiry. Mayor Fisher took
up the very common objection to the
proposed method of taxation that It
is too inquisitorial, . and seeks to pry
into one's . private . affairs too deeply.
This argument he offset by producing
a regular tax blank such as is in use
in this State .under the property ' tax
system, and he called attention to the
numerous headings, under which tax
payers are asked as to the exact
amount of their possessions, how many
watches there are In the family,
whether gold . or silver, etc.
. The income tax. he "claimed, is more
effective, and less likely of evasion
than any other scheme. Three-fourths
of the nation's Income is derived from
property taxation, he said. The re
maining quarter comes ; from the cus
toms and the internal revenue. The.
two last are upon great necessities at
life, and. the consumers suffer. The
property tax works hardship upon the
poor property owner. The assessors,
he asserted, . are almost invariably
found levying pretty nearly full val
uation upon the small property own
er, and allowing the larger property
owner to escape with less than his
just share. , '
Critic'sing, in passing, the customs
and internal revenue systems, he call
ed attention to the. fact that the cigar
he held, "very "poor" was his characterization.-
js levied upon just as much,
as the fifty cent cigar that occasion
ally he views with respect from a
great distance. ' The man who can't
afford to pay for the good cigar, how
ever, must contribute through the
smoking of. the single cigar just as
heavily to the governmental tribute.
This is because quality doesn't count,
under the prevailing scheme of rev
enue. . . .
Another common objection that Prof.
Fisher sought to controvert was that
if the proposed ineomje tax became
effective, Connecticut might be forced
to pay more than other States. Even
so he argued, such an argument - is
unpatriotic. For. if the system is Just
why should Connecticut complain if it
be found that the State is so situat
ed as to be amenable to a heavier tax
than the sister States? ,
- Delving into the statistics of form
er years, he recalled the rate paid
by Connecticut in 1865, when the pop
ulation of the. Slate, represented 1.7a
per cent or the- total" populatfon- 6f the
country, and the State paid 1.96 per
cent of the total tax of the country.
At the same period Massachusetts in
cluded 4.76 per cent of the population
and the proportion paid' by the State
of the National tax was 10.49 per cent.'
Rhode Island with .61. per ucent of the
population paid 1.85 per cent, of the
Connecticut has upwards of 200,000
tax payers, no one knows Just how
many, said he. If annual .incomes
of less than $2,000 were exempted from
liability under the income tax, not
more than four to five thousand would
be affected. Back in 1867 when the ex
empted incomes were those less than
$600 there were but 5,800. Under the last
census if $1,000 were- the exemption
limit, there would be 11.000 in Connec
ticut liable today to pay and if the
limit were. fixed at $2,000, there would
be about four, five or six thousand af
fected. Prof. Fisher called attention to. the
d'sclosures of the stat'sticians through
the census reports, that. Connecticut is
losing its eminence among the weal
thy, states. The per capita wealth of
the country, represented by $1,120. is
in Connecticut now $1.300. . much less
than the former 'proportion.
Then taking up the ratification of
the proposed amendment, he said that
eight or. ten States have already ' en
dorsed it, and five have refused to
ratify. These five Include New 'York,
Massachusetts' and Virginia. ' But as
ST. - S"" " - : 1 -
and now that the curtain is about to rise we feel much like the lawyer
who has forcefully plead his case and awaits the verdict of the jury. We
want you women of Bridgeport to be the jury and the judge. We de
sire you to visit the Millinery . Department tomorrow and after, and
make your decisions. We cordially invite you. ; We wish you to con
sider this a personal invitation to YOU to come any time just to see the
Millinery Store and the new Spring styles in headwear. j ; :
for New York, it was purely through
a technicality that the . endorsement
was lacking. The -Senate by a vote of
26 to 20 gave its approval and the
assembly voted 74 to 66 in favor.' A
quorum was . lading, and vthe next
vote of the assembly 75 to 64 in favor,
also failed to produce a quorum, hence
the bill to ratify was lost by default
Something like this ! condition prevail
ed in Massachusetts, he said, when
the vote was taken. - ,
Rev. Mr. Hull made no reference to
the Socialist propaganda- in his brief
address, save to declare that If the
income tax amendment fails through
the two leading parties, it .will .-supply
the movement he . represents with its
most formidable weapon. ' He endors
ed and, warmly commended . the able
presentation of the case by Mayor
The keynote of Former Representa
tive Parker's address, which he read to
the committee was "One, with God,
.Still makes a majority." He argued
that this question was not to be de
termined by a counting of noses but
by careful deliberation on the part of
the committee and the General Assem
The resolution before the comm'ttee
is one introduced .at the last session
and left on the table for considera
tion by this General Assembly. Fa vot
able action of the committee was con
fidently predicted when adjournment
was taken late yesterday.'
SING SIN& SENDS
THEM OUT TO DIE.
Awful Record In Wake of Those Who
. Have Done Their 'Bit." - .
Albany, Feb.' 2 2. Sentence . to . Sinj
Sing prison in ' its present unsanitary
condition "often Is equivalent to a
sentence to slow, death," it is said in
the annual report , of the New Yorw
State Commission of. Prisons, made
public to-day. The Commissioners
point out that even when the new
Great Meadow prison, in Comstock. is
completed and the congestion in Sing
Sing removed there will still remain
from 1,200 to l.oOO convicts compelled-to
live-in small, unsanitary cells,
which causes many of them to be in$
f ected with tuberculosis or the poi
son of rheumatism
Many of the tuberculosis patients,
the report asserts, have to be trans
ferred to Clinton prison, Dannemo
ra, for treatment, and others, on the
expiration of their terms, are so dis
eased that they carry germs of their
malady into their families and be
come a menace to the health of the
community In which they 'live.
Praise is accorded to State Super
intendent Collins, who has reduced
the cost of maintenance of prisoners
in the State from $158.83 annually in
1898 to $134.31 in 1910. The care of
tuberculosis patients In Clinton Pris4
on continues to be a feature, says the
report, the average number under
treatment there last yearlbelngr given
The commission approves the new
isolated punishment buildings now
being erected in Clinton and. Auburn
prisons, because ,they do away with
dark cells v and provide for the se
gregation of incorrigibles in roomy,
well lighted and ventilated cells, with
yards adjoininer. The commission
recommends the erection of mere
shops and storerooms to Increase the
industrial facilities of the prisons;
that the probation and parole system-be
reorganized, though retaining
the present Parole Board; that a
State reformatory for male offenders
be built; that a labor colony for
tramps and . vagrants be established
thus stopping the present method of
sending such offenders to workhous
es and penitentiaries for. short terms.
The cost, under the present system of
maintaining imprisoned vagrants, is
given as $2,000,000 annually. '
. The commission also urges that
State workhouses be established : to
talce the mace of the penitentiaries,
and that. pending legislation on this
subject., the.industries be ' established
in the present penitentiaries, through
some arrangement by which the Su
perintendent of Prisons should be au
thorized to market the products. The
present idleness in the penitentiaries
is deplored, and it is recommended
that the law be repealed, sentencing
minors to these Institutions for terms
of less than a year. "These boys,
when not sent to Elmira," says the
report, "should be sent to one of the
State prisons, where they would re
ceive industrial training and be sent
PROFITS OF IRRIGATION.
Returns From 30.000 Acres of the
Huntley Tract in Montana.
Washington, Feb. 22. Statistics are
usually dry reading, but a recent cen
sus of crop results on the Huntley
irrigation project in Montana for 1910
is exceedingly interesting to those who
have been watching the development
of the West.
It was on May 21, 1907, that the
project of 30,000 acres was formally
opened. Since that date 429 farmers
an A their families have settled on the
land, four towns have been estab
lished, and ten scnooi houses nave
formon are riot nronA to hnn.st of
their successes and it is U3ually diffi
cult to secure statements frcm them
rt pmn vilri.q. The tro1rt. enirlTiArs
who sent out requests to the settlers!
THERE isn't much to say just now.
We have heen telling you for weeks
about this big, new, able department
on the Huntley project for crop re
turns, received 283 replies covering
an area bf about T,500 acres.
A compilation of these reports
shows crop yields f,or 1910 valued at
more than $188,365 or an average of
$25 per acre exclusive of revenue
from dairy or poultry products or in
crease and sales of live stock. It is
probable that the gross returns from
all sources averaged more than $30
per acre. i
. These returns are remarkable " in
view of 'the conditions on the Huntley
project. The lands in 1907 were
absolutely .virgin desert. "Untouched
by. plow, unleached by rain, .they
were most unpromising. A large per
centage of . homeseekers proved to be
men without experience in farming
and totally unfamiliar with irrigation.
It has therefore been a- matter of
exceeding gratification to the Re
clamation Service that the, number of
actual failures has been really neg-ligable-
A perusal of the letters from the
farmers (furnishes ' very interesting
reading to those whose thoughts are
turning from the city toward the open
country. C. O. Stout, formerly a
clerk in the Post Office at Washing
ton, I; C, writes as follows:
"I filed on 47 acres in July, 1907,
and "am delighted with the country.
My expenditures for buildings and
water right have been about $2,000.
In' 1909 I realized from crops' taken
from 22; acres a gross return of $1,
235. In 1910 I received from the
sugar beet. factory.- the sum Nof $3,170
for my -crop of rsugar - beets in 31
acres. I believe the well cultivated
land in this project is worth from
$200 to $250 per acre."
John Harrison, formerly a miner
from Arizona and California, has a
40 acre farm near the town of Hunt
ley., He estimates that he cleared
$1,200 this year from the farm.
- Alex Kinmouth, a former Iowa
farmer who never saw an irrigating
ditch before 1907, now has 11 head of
horses worth $1,600; 15" head of cat
tle, $600; 20 head of hogs, $500; 10
head of sheep. $200; chickens, $50, a
farm worth $8,000 and is out of debt.
THE STATE TAX.
' (Hartford Times.) '
In an article relating to the state
tax the Bridgeport Farmer says that
the natural tendency in a legislature
is to make appropriations up to the
limit of the expected income. This Is
true as a general proposition, but
question remains whether the laying
of a state tax will induce those who
have to pay it to put pressure on their
representatives to keep appropria
tions down. In the case of Connecti
cut that remains to be seen. The
people have had to pay the state tax
for two years and there has been a
good deal of complaint, and a loud
call for its discontinuance.
But there has been no real test yet
of the power of the tax to check lav
ish appropriations, and in attempting
to discredit the tax by contending
that no economy has followed its pas
sage the Farmer forgets that it has
beeen in existence only two years. It
was passed at the session of 1903H
late in the session In fact it was not
signed by the governor until August
24. The appropriations of that ses
sion were determined before the tax
Was laid. ' r
- There have been indications that
some of those who pay it have made
their representatives feel a pressure
In favor of economy at this session,
and there is likely to -"be more such
pressure. These people did not
care much what the state expended
if they did not have to contribute;
when they do they begin to take no
tice. CAMPAIGN AGAINST INSANITY.
What the New York Times calls a
"broadside" against insanity was
launched by the New York State
Charities' Aid last week, in the shape
of a general publication of facts as to
the increase of insanity in .that state.
It was duly noticed and commented
upon by the newspapers. It will be
followed up by other facts from the
society, and these will In return re
ceive their proper attention. New
York can show figures which startle.
It will get the attention of the news
papers and they will get the atten
tion of the people.
As far as New York is concerned,
this is the real beginning of a sys
tematic campaign against insanity.
The tendency may be at first to com
pare it with the campaign against
tuberculosis, but the two are not ex
actly comparable. The means of
fighting tuberculosis are simple; . the
insanity prohlem is more complex. A
few simple things taught the people
will make great headway against tu-.
berculosis, and produce immediate
results. The education of the peo
ple against insanity will be a long
and tedious work, and will not show
for a generation or more. .
So much the more reason why
those who know should be up and do
ing. In Connecticut they are. It
must not be supposed that this move
ment in New York is the result of a
sudden .impulse; it has been- prepar
ing for years. So, in Connecticut the
promoters of the Connecticut -Society
for Mental Hygiene have been for two
years or more preparing" the way for
an intelligent and effective general
campaign against the disease. Here
the people are not yet generally
awakened to the need; still less do
they know the way. The Society
for Mental Hygiene will see to
it, however, that they are informed
as fast as it can provide the means.
New Haven Register. ,
Farmer Want Ads. 1 Cent a Word
HOW LAST NIGHT'S CONCERT
HIT All UNTUTORED MUSICIAN
Parts of Tschaikowski Sounded
Like a Sunny Morning in an
Aviary; the Rest Like the
Feats of an Aeroplane
Some of the best music . ever writ
ten was played last night at tne arK
Theatre by one of the most celebrated
orchestras In America, The New York
Symphony; and under the direction of
Walter Damrosch whose interpreta
tions of Wagnerian music are consid
ered to be without, a peer in the xnuslo
world. The audience was a large one
and there were many exquisite ' toil
lettes worn by the fair sex. The mem
bership of the Wednesday ; Afternoon
Musical club under whose' auspices
the concert was given was well rep
resented in the audience.
The first part of the program play
ed by -the orchestra consisted of four
parts of Tschalkowski's Fifth ' Sym
phony. This was soft and dreamy at
times, with sudden bursts of weird
thrills that died away In thundering
peels only to be renewed with sharp
minor notes ' not unlike the sounds
heard in the aviary; at Bronxpark on
a sunny ; morning. : Real musicians
must have Just revelled In the music
while that part of the audience with
uncultivated . musical taste could not
help but be stirred by the wonderful
symposium of harmony . which carried
its hearers to lofty heights and sud
denly Into deep ravines Only to soar
again. Some flights and descents of
the orchestra over the notes written
by the Russian composer seemed to
ihe untrained mind like the stunts of
an aeroplane which did all kinds of
Part second consisted of three Wag
nerian numbers and one by Mozart.
Miss Edna Blanche Showalter, coloratura-soprano
sang the "Aria' ' Queen
of the . Night" and as encore sang a
pretty little song to her. own accom
paniment fon the xiano.
Among those who fr applauded " Miss
Showalter was Miss Isadora Duncan,
the dancer who is to appear with the
orchestra at " the Grand. Opera House
th's evening. n
The size, of the audience proved that
Bridgeport will sup-port high -class
musical events occasionally at least. :
REMEMBER THE NAME .
Foley's Honey and Tar for all coughs
and colds, for croup, bronchitis,
hoarseness and for racking la grippe
coughs. No opiates. Refuse .substi
tutes. F. B. Brill and Curtis . Phar
macy. . ; 1 3 5
"A FAMILY AFFAIR.
At the parish house of Trinity Epis
copal, church last evening, the young
people of the parish very capably pre
sented a three-act comedy, "A Family
Affair." The performance was . re
plete with fun and was greatly en
joyed by i the large audience in at
tendance, i ? . .
Fairfield County News.
' Water Company Matters.
Measures repealing the charter of
the Noroton Water. Company, incor
porating the Darien. ..Water Company
and amending the charter of the T
keneke Water Company -were produc
tive of loud complaiats ; of the . lack of
water In Darien and the Incorpora
tion committee continued all .- their
propositions to the 28th in order that .
an agreement might be reached if
Ask for : Damages.
Charles C. Blackman. , arid H. H.
Catlln of Huntington ask, for, $500
each to , compensate them for pros
pective damage by drainage from the
Fairfield county tuberculosis sanitar
ium. Into the brook from which .they
get their water supply, . They would
be satisfied with artesian wells in
place of the money award,
Losses by r2Tire. .v
A large living roomin the home of
Dr. Dean Foster ; In "Stamford was
badly damaged by fife, Thursday. The
fire started from an overheated fire
place. A .fire which is said to have ori
ginated as the result of an overheat
ed store almost completely destroyed
the feitchen of the home of Mr. C.
LeRoy Palmer of Norwalk, last week, ,
causing a damage estimated at $350.
Shocked by Trolley Heater.'
On a trolley car at Norwalk, Thurs
day, Frank Clark, received a forceful
electric shock from one of the heat
ing wires under the seat which then
set fire to the car. H's heel caught
in the leader wire of the heater and
broke it. Instantly the wire formed a
connection. The fire was checked ; by
turning the current from the heaters..
Ridgefield's Election. "
The Ridgefleld election to choose a
member in the House in place of Mr.
Seymour, who recently died, will be
held on February 28. ; , ;
. Gold . at . New Canaan ?a Y
"Andrew Selleck - has - taken "from, a
ledge of quartz crossing ..his - farm ! in
New Canaan several specimens which
he believes to be gold bearing. .
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