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The Bridgeport evening farmer. [volume] (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1866-1917, February 10, 1912, Image 1

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MmTthiifi fir tlwf mrifiir iCririililriir
THE FARMER
THE WEATHER
run be obtained hv NFWS roys.
PATJT.S AND O THICKS. 8
o' locu evening, nt the IIornM News
nifrht anrl tomorvow.
J
Stand. 140 FAIKFIICI.D AVKXUE Jl
T U o
s
VOL. 43. NO. 36
BRIDGEPORT, CONN., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 10, 1912
PRICE ONE CENT
ESTATE WORTH
$3,000,000 IS
IN LITIGATION
Widow Of James Roosevelt
Stanley Wants $1 5,000 Al
. lowancs Pending Sittlsmsnt
HIS FIRST wIfTaLSO
WANTS LIKE AMOUNT
She Petitions Stamford Probate
Court As Guardian Of
Three Children '
(Special from United Pres3.
Stamford, Feb. 10 There was a
bearing in the probate court, today,
before Judge Charles D. Lock wood, on
the application of Mrs. James Roose
velt Shanley of "Rosemont," Stam
ford, for an additional allowance of
$15,000 pending settlement of her hus
band's estate and upon the applica
tion of Mrs. Adel CJ. JBucknam, of
Greenwico, as guardian of her three
minor children, J. Kooseven Stan
ley. Jr., olert Ames Shanley and
Julia Shanley. for a similar addition
al allowance for the care and main
tenance of tne children.
A year ago Jlo.Ooo was allowed the
widow and the same amount was al
lowed Mrs. Bucknam as' guardian of
the children.
II r. Shanley, a wealthy contractor,
died in August, 1910, leaving an es
tate said to be worth about $3.0J0,(KJ0.
Practically all of it was his interest
in the estate of his deceased father.
Bernard Shanley, a New Jersey con
tractor, one-third of whose estate
went to the son, James Roosevelt, sub
ect, however, to life use by the wid
ow of Bernard Shanley. who is alive.
The income from James Roosevelt
Banley'a share of the estate is about
$100,000 a year. A number of claims
have been presented against the es
tate of James Roosevelt Shanley and
'the solvency of the estate has been
questioned. One of the claimants is
Mr. Shanley's first wife, now M.a.
Adele Bucknam, of Greenwich. mru.
Bucknam presented two claims, one
for $50o,000 and the other for $400.
000. alleging that Mr. Shanley con
tracted to pay these sums to her for
her support and maintenance and that
of their children at the time of her
separation from htm. The executors
of the will have disallowed the $500.
fW claim and it Is being pressed- In
the courts. There has been no speci
fic disallowance of the other claim.
Aside from Mrs. BucVnam's claims,
totalling $900,000, there are other
claims growing out of contracts Mr.
Shanlev was interested in-at the time
of his death. The hanley-Morrlssey
Company .of which he was the backer,
was making an enlargement of the
Erie Cwnal. His death put a stop to
the work and, for a time, thlnrs were
i-onfused. Tt seemed likely that the
oti-te wduld have to procure another
contractor to cnmnlete the work and j
charge the cost seainst Mr. Phanley's j
bond. This dK'icult" had been over-:
come. It is understood, and Interests !
friendly to the late Mr. FhBrlev nave
gotten toe-ether and nndert''n to
complete the work. Tt Is said tht.
ratber thn the unfln'hed contracts
being a loss to the estate, they will
really be a profit.
ARMED MEXICANS
MUST HOT CROSS
AMERICAN BORDER
(Special from United Pres.
Washington, Feb. 10 The state de
partment a refusal to allow armed
Mexicans to cross the American bor
der was construed nere, today, as the
last step on the part of the United
States to avoid complications which
would necessitate rushing American
troops to the Mexican Dorder. Ameri
can troops, however .are ready for
service at a moment's notice should
the Mexican situation not clear soon.
Consular reports state that over
40.000 Americans are scattered
throughout Mexico and the adminis
tration has little doubt that, should
American troops cross the Rio Grande,
an anti-American uprising would re
suit. This consideration, it was au
thoritatively stated is the only one
which prevents the war department
from dispatching troops to the border.
War department officials. today,
said that, on less than a week's notice.
700,000 men can be mustered along
the Rio Grande. Tne moDiie army
numbers 34.000 the coast art'liery will
add 16.000 to this number and the sta
tionary regimen's and avpilahle mil
itia will round out the additional 50,
ooo. The state department, always the
most optimistic branch of th govern
ment, today, made no ef'ort to con
ceal the seriousness of the situation.
A single additional anti-American
move in Mexico, it was stated, wMl
snfPee to caue an outnourin? of sol
diers who will patrol the border '-nm
El -pa-o to the e-ulf. while warships
can be rushed from Cuban waters in
S2 hours.
Arizona Becomes
Valentine State
Washinerton, Feb. 10 Arizona will
come the "Valentine State" when
ra Wednesday, Feb. 14. at one p. m.,
ITesident Taft will sign the procla
mation officially adding the 4Sth star
to the flag. The President announced
this arternoon that he would sign the
proclamation at that time.
CLAIM DAMAGES FROM CITY
Two notices of Intention to cla'm
dfimaws from the city were fil"V wl'h
City Clerk Boucher today. They wre
from Harriet Hall, 33 Frank street,
who claims to have suffered a broken
ankle from fil'ine- in front of Hale's
market, 1743 Ma'n street, and Mrs.
C T. Panorevich, 355 Main street, who
claims damages for injuries received
In falling over an obstruction at Park
snd Fairfield avenues.
Tightwad Is there anything- nwe
(heartrending than to have a wife
who can cook but won't do it?
Dyspeptic Yes to have one that
can't cook and will do it. Harper's
Bazar.
UNCLE SAM NOW JOINS
KAISER WILHELM IN OPEN
DOOR POLICY FOR CHINA
Action of United States Joining Germany to Preserve
Neutrality of New Chinese Republic Receives
Warm Praise from German Government
This Diplomatic Stroke Will,
Which Japan, Russia and
for Carving Up Oldest
(Special from United Press.
Berlin, Feb. 10 With the dawning
public realization that this week's ex
change of motes between the United
States and Germany, seeking to pro
tect the . Chinese open door, is prob
ably the most important step ever
taken in the direction of German
American diplomatic co-operation, the
German foreign office, through As
sistant Foreign Secretary Zimmerman,
today gave 'the United Press a state
ment of the attitude of the German
government.
The action of the (United States and
Germany in joining . hands to preserve
neutrality in China Is now re.ognized
as an epooh-making diplomatic
achievement, In view of the fact that
it is the most Important move ever
made jointly by the two nations.
While the foreign office naturally
w'll not comment on the diplomatic
phase of the situation, it is apparent
that the Kaiser's government is t-"at-ifled
at the success of Count Von
Bemstorff in securing the co-operation
of the American State Department.
The general impression here is that
Germany is now in thorough acco d
with American diplomacy. The com
ment of Ber.in "newspapers is distinct
ly favorable to the action of Ambas
sador Bernstorfl and Secretary of
State Knox. The statement given by
the foreign office to the United Press
follows:
"Secretary of State Knox's answer
to Ambassador Count Von Berns'orff's
Inquiry concerning America's attitude
toward China has caused greait satis
faction to Germany.
"The scope and object of the American-German
exchange of notes were
to make It known that the preserva
tion of neutrality by all powers to
ward Chinese events, is now lav -the
mutual interests of both coun'ries,
"The note of Secretary of S'ate
Knox contains valuable statements of
promises given by the powers to abstain-
from interven Ion as long as
possible amd in' case unexpected Inter
vention becomes necessary to assure
a joint mutual agreement before tak
ing act lorn,
"Therefore, the note has been greet
ed with satisfaction and pleasure here.
It is hoped that the note wi 1 have a
favorable effect in China and will
facilitate a settlement between -the
conflicting Chinese parties."
While the foreign office poslt'vely
declined to go into further detals. it
was learned in semi-official quarters
that Germany, feeling isolated in the
far east, as against a group composed
of Eng'and, Japan and Russia, with
their territorial interests and the pos
sible designs of one or more of them,
turned to America,
Neither America nor Germany hav
ing territorial designs or interests In
China, the exchange of notes has a
twofold purpose.
First It serves to notify the oher
LEADERS MEET
IN CONFERENCE
TO BOOM TEDDY
6. 0. P. Representatives Ot 15
States In Notable Gather
. tog At Chicago Today
ADDRESSES MADE BY .
SEVERAL GOVERNORS
Plan Is To Find Out Roosevelt
Sentiment In Nomination
For President
(Special from United Press.)
Chicago. Feb. 10 Enthusiastic lead
ers in the movement for the nomina
tion of Theodore Roosevelt for Pres
ident by the Republican National
Convention gathered here from 15
states, today, to attend the confer
ence called by the National Roose
velt Committee. The conierence was
entirely voluntary and in many re
spects differed from the usual poli
tical gathering.
As outlined by Secretary E. W. Sims,
of the Roosevelt Committee, the con
ference, which began at 10:30. was
devoted to two separate meetings.
The first was held to a discussion of
Roosevelt sentiment that has materi
alized in various sections. Addresses
by Governors Stubbs of Kansas. Os
borne of Michigan, Vesey, of South
Dakota, and others were scheduled.
The second section of the conference
was to consist of a consideration of
ways and means for the launching of
a Roosevelt campaign and of securing
assurances from the former president
that, should a general demand for K
services be made, he will accept. The
deliberations, according to the plans
outlined by Alexander H. Revell. presi
dent of the Roosevelt committee, were
left entirely in the hands of the gov
ernors, who, with other promine- t
Roosevelt co-operators, composed the
executive committee.
Governors besides those mentioned
who were scheduled to report on the
expedience of an out and out Roose
velt campaign, to submit proposals for
wavs and means were:
Aldrich, of Nebraska; Hartley, of
Missouri: Bass, f Xev Hampshire
Glasscock. of Vest Virfinia and
Former Governor Fort, of Nv .Tersev.
The conference was stated by its
promoters to be in no sense a public
demonstration and not more than 40
men were expected to participate, al-
It Is Thought,Check Plans
England Had in Works
Empire in the World
powers that America and Germany are
unitedly opposed to Individual inter
vention and poss:ble territorial designs
on the part of any nation. .
Second It serves as notice to China
that Joint -action by all the powers
is -certain if the foreign interests are
not protected.
The Cologne Gazette, semi-official
government organ, today edi'orially
praised "the sp'endld attitude of
America." This sentiment rePei ts the
general feeling in official circles to
ward the action of the German am
bassador ard the Secretary of State
at Washington.
MOBILIZING OF JAPANESE
TROOPS HAS NOW CEASED.
Shanghai, Feb. 10 Reports from the
north pay concentration of Japanese
troops on the northern border of
China has ceased and that many of
the Japanese garrisons have been act
ually reduced, following the exchange
of notes between -Secretary Krox and
the German foreign office which have
greatly pleased the republican gov
ernment. It was feared that Japan's
apparent preparations for a land grab
would have forced the hands of Eng
land and Russ'a and resu'ted In ter
ritorial seizures by all three nations.
From a source close to Dr. Sun Yat
Sen it was learned today that the
provisional president of the republic
feels that the action of the Urited
States and Germany has, for a time
at least, checked these plans, which,
If carried out, must have precipitated
a territorial grab.
The German-American stand for the
"open door" Is interpreted here ts
granting a new lease of life to the
Chinese reDubiic
JOHN BULL ALARMED
AT EXCHANGE OF NOTES.
London, Feb. 10--While Winston
Churchill's activities in Belfast and
Glasgow have served somewhat to
distract public attention from the ex
change of notes between Germany and
the United States, the incident is not
being' overlooked or discounted by the
foreign office. As Ergland's foreign
policy is almost entire" y predicated
on the close Anglo-American rela ion
shin, British statesmen natural')' view
with alarm any strengthen'ng of bo"ds
between Germany and the United
States.
Count Von Bemstorff, who is re
sponsible for the exchange of no'es be
tween Berlin and Washington, is well
known to British diplomats by reason
of his service In London and Egvpt.
He is recognized as one of the biggest
men in the German foreign service and
should he succeed in winning away
from England any appreciable share
of American friendliness, his accom
plishment might have a very serious
result on the already none too stable
grip of Earl Grey as secretary of state
for foreign affairs.
though all Roosevelt supporters were
invited.
'If Senator LaFollette does not
run," Said Governor Vesey, in discus
sing the political situation, "I believe
Vi i. .-a la nrt ilnntit tit oil nPAO-rnocrli'D
Rpniihli(an will unite in HprnaTntlnc
that Colonel Roosevelt declare him
self as a candidate."
W. J. L. Crank, member of the
Roosevelt exeoutive committee from
Colorado. declared that Roosevelt
could carry that state by 50.000
against Harmon and by 25,000 against
Wlson.
"The west is as strong for the"
Roueh Rider as it ever was," said
Crank.
EMMA BEERS
DENIED DIVORCE
Petition of Husband, Who
Also Sued, Likewise
Denied
Judge William S. Case of the su
perior court has handed down a deci
sion in the divorce suit of Emma
.Beers, daughter of Eldridge E. Wheel
er, against George C. Beers of 1035
Noble avenue. The court find3 that
neither party is entitled to a divorce.
Mrs. Beers sued on the ground of
intoierable cruelty. She claimed her
husband had choked and beat her.
Beers denied the charge and filed a
cross complaint alleging that his wife
had treaide him cruelly. Mrs. Beers
asked for alimony. The trial was
held over a month ago and attracted
great attention because or tne prom
inence of the couple who are well
known residents of the East Side.
ODDS AND ENDS
HERE AND THERE
New York Mrs. Anna Jellinek de
creed in her will that her cousin, Jos
eph Berger, should administer her
estate. She has two cousins of that
name and both want the job. The
courts must decide.
Nice, France From his aeroplane.
Hugh Robinson dropped an invitation
to the French admiralty to take lun
cheon with him. The admiral accepted,
sending his letter of acceptance in a
submarine boat.
New York Four years ago, Frank
Archambault had $10. and borrowed
with which he opened a restau
rant. He has made enoueli to buy a
big uptown hoti and sell his restau
rant for an additional $100,0(X.
NOTICE.
Big meeting of Bartenders Union
tomorrow at 3 p. m. Don't fail to
attend this meeting. Bothers see
that your book is stamped un to date.
There will be a communication from
J. L. Sullivan that you all should
know. So be present if posible.
a JOHN M. SEARS, Sec.
Claim Of Kin To
Kunkel Estate
Is Vell Founded
Il ... ll ' A '
Anomey Annur M. bOmiey
Returns From Visit To
Germany
SEVEN COUSINS TO
.SHARE IN $20,000
Prudent German Citizen Amassed
Fortune Of That Size By
Tireless Industry
' With the return to this city of At
torney Arthur M. Comley after a stay
of nearly two months in Germany, the
estate of Oscar M. P. Kunkel bids
fair to be divided among his seven
cousins in that country unless some
foreign complications arise. The trip
which took Attorney Comley- abroad
for tha.t period was an investigation
of the validity of the claims made by
relatives of the deceased Kunkel.
Oscar M. P. Kunkel was an expert
carriage trimmer and for a number
of years a foreman in the factory of
Hincks & Johnson. His estate repre
sents about $20,000 all of which is in
cash in Bridgeport and New Haven
Savings banks. Mr. Kunkel never
married and had no relatives living
in this country. He earned big wages
and he was of a saving disposition
he accumulated the fortune which will
now be divided among his cousins In
the old country.
On Kunkel's death. Arthur Lieber
um was appointed administrator of
the estate and he employed the law
"rm of Cnrrley Comley as counsel.
During his trip abroad Attorney Corn
lev made visits to London and Brus
sels to cinch the proofs of the heirs
He left Bridgeport December 21 and
returned to this cit" this week.
The heirs of the estate live in the
town of Stolp, province of Pommerian.
Masons To March
To Christ Church
Tomorrow Evening
OPENING OF EXERCISES COM
MEMORATING 150TH ANNIVER
SARY OF ST. JOHN'S LODGE,
F. & A. M.
Rev. Dr. Craft, Rector of Ctmrch and
- Grand Chaplain, to Deliver Dis
course Comma ndery As Escort
With special services at Christ T.
E. church at 7:45 tomorrow evening,
the observance of the 150th anniver
sary of the institution of St. John's
lodge. No. 3, F. & A. M.. will com
mence. The members of the lodge
will - asserab'e in the blue lodge room
in Masonic Temple at 7 o'clock and
march to the church in a body. Ham
ilton Commar.dery, No. 5, Knights
Templar, will act as an escort for the
lodge to and from the church.
According to the Masonic ritual
Worshipful Master A. V. Barber will
open the lodge In the temp'e and then
the members in full re?alia will pro
ced to the church. The lodge will
be as if in session during the service, j
and aiterwaira on ine return to tne
lodge room the closing ceremony will
be gone through.
According to the Masonic custom,
after the word to start the profes
sion to the church has been given b
the ' wors.hipful master, he takes his
p'ace in the very rear of the lodge.
Edward T. Buckingham as marshal
will form the procession and lead it.
At Christ church the rector. Rev.
Ernest J. Craft, grand chaplain, most
worshipful grand lodge, State of Con
necticut, will preach on "Spiritual
Teachings of Masonry." There will
be special music by the choir of Christ
church. Al! members of the Masonic
fraterriitv are i-nvited to attend the
services and tt is expected ahat many !
Masons from out of town will be 'n
attendance. Seats will be reserveo.
for the members of the O-der of East
ern Star who will attend in a body.
Strike Children
Forced To Leave
Lawrence Today
Fearing Starvation, Fathers!
and Mothers Suffer, Little !
Ones to Be Cared for in
New York.
j (Special from United Fress.
Lawrence, Mass., Feb. 10. Heart
rending scenes were enacted at the
railroad station, today, when 150
"children of the strike," between the
ages of 2 and 12 years, left for New
York.
Despite the bitterness it cost them,
the fathers and mothers were com
pelled to choose between starvation
lor the little ones and a few months
absence among friends and relatives
in New York.
The strike committee tood the ex
pense of sending the children to New
York, where the Socialist party there
will assume responsibility for placing
the children with friends and rela
tives until their parents can afford to
feed them, or until they can go else
where to work at wages that will
suoport them.
Shortly after the children left, two
score or more foreigners of the better
class of mill operatives left, feyins?
they were goini "where protected
corporations really protect their em
ployes" to find work. This exodus, to
day, makes a total of nearly 1,500
operatives who have left here for
other cities.
If you freeze cand'es before using
them they will never run and will
burn twice as long.
LYNN W. WILSON DENOUNCES
MAYOR'S BONDING PLANS AS
RECKLESS AND IMPROVIDENT
noaVar le IntommtoH
r1" - 1 . " Tu"
boara wno asks mat He tie uemea
Further Privilege Of The Floor
Attorney Cullinan Would Not Favor Bonding for School
Purposes Without Consent of the People Result
of Bonding Is to Double Expense Bridgeport
Should Not Abandon "Pay As You Go Policy."
I am a firm believer in conservative bonding for permanent
improvements of any considerable amount. All land of any con
siderable value for public purposes should in my opinion be pur
chased by a bond issue, and of course the buildings thereon should
be provided for' in a similar way. I believe that permanent pave
ments should be paid for by notes. Mayor Wilson to the Board
of Apportionment and Taxation.
Bonding for all permanent improvements of considerable value
Is not conservative bonding, bnt reckless and improvident bond
ing. It will double the cost of everything to whicb it is applied.
We want a low tax rate, but we do not want to create a great
. debt to get it. Lynn W. Wilson to the Board of Apportionment
and Taxation.
Things which cannot pay for themselves commercially should
in a general way be paid for by assessment, or not built at all.
-The enormous number of mistakes made in borrowing money for
tilings which cannot and do not pay for themselves shows how
muafe it is for government authorities to judge whether pnblic
necessity warrants putting heavy burdens on the future tax payer.
President Hadley of Tale University.
Lynn T: Wilson, appearing before
the Board of Apportionment and Tax
ation, last night, declared that the
request made by Mayor C. B. Wilson
upon them, to bond for all permanent
improvements of considerable value,
should be denied, upon, the ground that
such bonding would not be conserva
tive, but a repudiation of the -traditional
pay as you go policy of Bridge
port, and a reckless and improvident
financial po'ley
Mr. Wilson had had the floor for
some twenty minutes, during part of
which time John J. Cullinan, a mem
ber of the Board of Education, had
been explaining that the one mill tax
sought by the board was for the con
struoJon of permanent improvements
of considerable value, and various
members had interrupted with ques
tions or explanations.
A sensation, was occasioned when S.
Loewith, a. member of the board,
arose and demanded.-. that Mr. Wilson
be denied the further privilege of the
floor, asserting that the hour, 9:30,
was late, . and that Mr. Wilson had
already occupied twenty minutes.
The board took no action- on the re
quest of Mr. Loewith. Mr Wilson
continued, saying:
"I regret that my remarks are an
annoyance to Mr. Loewith. I have
hoped, in consideration that my ad
vice hitherto given to this body, al
though differing from his own, has
resulted in a very large sa.ving to the
city. I had trough- that upon thi3
account he might be inclined to be
pat'ent with me now."
The reference was greeted with a
smile, the long controversy over the
appropriation under the twenty year
water contract being comparatively
fresh in the mends of some of the
members of the board.
The question of bonding came up
under the request of - the Board of
Education for a one mill tax.
Mr. Cu liroan was asked by Mr. Wil
son if the one mill tax was for per
manent improvements of considerable
value.
Mr. Cullinan replied in the affirma
tive. "Is It the purpose of the Board of
Education that these improvements
shall be raised by a bond issue, and
if the expense were raised by a bond
issue, would you favor ail issue, ex
cept the question were submitted to
the electors?"
"I believe that submission to 4he
electors insures against extravagance,'"
replied Mr. Cu'Jinan, "and that a ref
erendum before a debt is created is a
great protection."
"Gentleman of the board of appor
tionment," said Mr. Wilson," on Feb.
6 Mayor Wilson addressed to your
body a. communication, in which he
makes the excellent suggestion that
the tax rate should be kept as low as
is possible economy and efficiency be
ing considered. But he further sug
gess, that your board shou d issue
bonds to pay for all permanent im
provements of considerable value, for
all land of considerable value, and for
all buildings erected on puch land. He
even suggests that there should be no
permanent pavement hereafter except
a debt is created thereby.
"The mayor does more than suggest
this enormous project for creating a
large debt he concludes his address to
you by urging you to 'conform" to his
suggestions, he asks you to give them
orn-fal effect.,
"Mr. Cttl inan has shown you that
his board does not believe that bonds
should be issued for these annual im
provements contemplated for the p es
ent year, improvements which have
hitherto been met in the regular bud
get. "Mr. Cullinan says that, speaking
for himself, he believes bonds shou'd
'ssue only upon the consent of the
people.
"The board of education asks for
something 'ike $97,000 for these oer
rranent improvements, for which .May
or Wilson says you shou'd issue bonds,
both for ary land of considerable
value which may be purchased for
sites, and for the buildings which may
be erected on them.
The Mayor tells you that his plan
for bonding is corservative. I say
it is not a conservative, but a reck-
less and improvident plan, which
would more than double the cost of
the school p'ant hereafter, and wouM
more than double the cost of every
ofler permanent improvement hereaf
ter.
I do not believe there are a doen
cities in the world that have adop'ed
the ilan- of bonding for all improve-
ments of considerable value. If there
are such cities and they have been
doing it long, they are in a bad way
financially I can assure you.
"This sort of bonding is ae-ainst the
time honored policy of the city. The
policy of the city has been pay as
you go. Under th's system we have
become the second city of the Sta'te,
one of the most prosperous cities in
the country.
"At the very least," continued Mr.
Wi'son. "so radical a departure from
our use and custom should be sup
ported by strong reasons, yet the May
or has offered but two: that he wants
a low tax rate, and that our debt is
not now very great.
"He eays to this board of business
Ru Momhar fif Tqv
3 - . .
men, the Mayor does, that you should
keep the tax rate down, by creating
a debt, and he says you should create
the debt because the city does not owe
very much now.
"That advice is no better for 20,000
famines tnan- it is for one family.
The man who exceeds tola income, ex
cept in the face of necessity, is not a
sound flnan-cier. The man who
claims that he Is frugal and econom
ical because he has exceeded his in
come by borrowing- lavishly will be
laughed at.
"There is b tendency throughout the
country, among pub ic officials, to get
credit for a low tax rate, by plung
ing the community into lebt.
"The ' little pamphlet which I have
here it was called to my attention by
onevf the learned judges of this State
toTtches upon this .matter. The
pamphlet is isa. v Plympton, Gar
diner & C. ;,: sa'ikers. They
" 'Among municipalities the tendency
to extravagance in expenditure Ir very
great. It results in an increasing
tax rate and in a decreasing credit.
A great deal of this expenditure, and
the expenditures of counties and Stated
as we 1 have been used for things, for
whose use a community cannot charge
a remunerative price.
"President Hadley, of Yale Univer
sity, one of the eminent economists of
the country, says: 'Sewers, harbor im
provements, highways and other
things which cannot pay for them
selves commercially should in general
be paid for by assessment, or not bui't
at alL This may seem a. hard rule-
to some cases it really is. But the
enormoBs noimber of mistakes made
im borrowing money for things which
do not and cannot pay for themselves
shows how unsafe it is for govern
ment authorities to judge whether
pubic necessity, of such enterprise
warrants putting heavy burdens on
the future taxpayer."
"So you have Mr. Hadley's view of
conservative bonding, and the view of
these eminent bankers. It appears
the only bonding they deem conserva
tive is bonding for things that will
pay for themselves.
"They do not believe tn bonding for
all permanent Improvements of con
siderable value, which the Mayor asks
you to do.
"Now we need not proceed upon the
authority of experts in this matter.
You all know, as business men, that
none of you would think of advertis
ing that his own enterprise was in
good shape because it was heavily in
debt.
"You know that our board of trade
has for years advert:sed our pay as
you go po'icy as a reason why manu
facturers should locate here. Those
of you who use automobiles know
that those companies which compete
most keenly advertise the absence of
a bonded indebtedness on their plan's,
to show that their machines are built
economically.
"There are two reasons that justify
a mortgage. Necessity may compel
a man to it, or he may have a use
for his money which will give greater
returns. Many of us are compelled
to mortgage our homes, but we are
always g'ad when- the mortgage is
paid off and we try hard to pay it
off. If we don't some time the other
fellow gets the place."
At this point Mr. Cooper, president
of the board, interjected to say, "I
understand that Mayor Wilson does
not intend to bond for these school
house improvements. In fact, he has
told me that he didn't."
Mr. Wilson: "If the Mayor has al
ready seen the error of his way, I
am glad of it. I am going by the
advice which he has officially given
you in his comn-ronication. He asks
you to bond for all permanent im
provements of considerabe value. I
am not willing to assume that the
Mayor does not mean what he says
to you as an officer of the city in his
formal communication to you."
Mr. Cooper: "You are Justified in
taking the vfew that the schools are
incluied."
At this point Mr. Loewith asked
that Mr. Wilson's remarks be cut
. short.
j Mr. Wilson, after expressing regret
! that his views annoyed Mr. Loewith,
continued, saying: "As a matter of
j fact your board has no right to issue
bonds. You would be unwise to post
pone things absolutely and immedia'e
Iv necessary upon any theory that
' you can issue bonds. The Mayor has
. no power to issue bonds. That pow-
er comes from the General Assembly.
j The General Assembly has laid down
the general rule that it will attach the
referendum to all Dond issues. The
last bonds proposed in Bridgeport
were submitted to referendum. I feel
warranted in saying that there will
probably never be another bond issue
in Bridgeport except upon the ap
proval of the people. X am certainly
opposed to the-- prin-cipie that bonds
should be issued for all improvements
of considerable value. It is bad
finance. It is even worse. It is
dangerous finance to propose such a
thing. And there must be no bond
issues, necessary or unnecessary, ex
cept with the consent of the citizens
of Bridgeport who have to foot the
bills."
PAYMASTER OF
A. & B. IN TEAM
HIT BYJROLLEY
Gets a Shaking Up But No
Harm Is Done Finishes
Journey on Foot With An
Escort.
. Jamea M. Tierney, Jr., cashier and
paymaster at the American & British.
Co., got a bad shaking up when the
carriage in which he was being con
veyed to the factory with the week's
pay roll this morning was struck by
a trolley car at the corner of East
Main street and Crescent avenue.
The car which shot from under tho
viaduct lust as the carriage was cross
ing the wtreet crashed into the horsa
and front of the coupe, which was
slammed along sideways but didn't
overturn. The force of the collision
threw open a door an da bag of mon
ey fell out, but Mr. Tierney grabbed,
that quickly. One of the shafts on
tho wagon was smashed and the horso
knocked over but apparently not bad
ly hurt.
Mr. Tierney walked the rest of the
way to the factory, with an escort.
The carriage belonged to the Peck &
Lines company.
UNCLASSIFIED
LADIES AM) GENTLEMEN: Mc
Enelly's singing orchestra will be
at Colonial Ball Room, Monday
night.
DANCING at the Colonial Ball Room
Saturday night, 8:30 o'clock.
FOR SALE. 2 pair of canaries, na
tive. Apply 414 Bunnell St. ap
DANCING at the Colonial Ball Room
Saturday night, 8:30 o'clock.
FOR RENT. Small bed room. Rent
reasonable. 622 State St. B 10 s'po
DANCING at the Colonial Ball Room
Saturday night, 8:30 o'clock.
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN: Mc-
Enellys singing orchestra will ba
at Colonial Ball Room, Mondav
night.
PLEASANT ROOM TO RENT. Con
venient to bathroom. At 911 Lafav
ette, near State. Call after 4.
B 10 s o
LADIES AND GENTLEMEN: Mc-
Enelly's singing orchestra will bo
at Colonial Ball Room, Mondav
night.
N-TilCE:' The ui c'.ersigued has sold
the restaurant at 200 Fairfield Ave.,
known as the New Plaza, to Costan
Contsilelos. Any one having any
bills against me should present them
to me for payment between 2 and i
p. m. Monday, Feb. 3 2th at the of
fice of the Evening Farmer. Signed,
Peter Poulos. a
FOR SALE. Large lot on Elmwood
Ave., near Clinton Ave. D.R. Whit
ney, 1025 Main St. B 9 bo
FOR SALE. Nine room house on
State St., pear Iranistan Ave. D.
R. Whitney, 1025 Main St,
1 B 9 b o
FOR SALE. Good lots near Beards
ley Park. D. R. Whitney. 102 5
Main St. B 9 bo
FOR SALE. New cottage, high, largo
lot, trolley line, $100, balance
monthly. '"Cottage," care Farmer.
B 9 b p o
TO RENT. A good 5 room flat, with
all conveniences at 5S7 Union Ave.
D. R. Whitney, 1025 Main St,
B 9 b o
MILLINERY APPRENTICES WANT
ED. Paid while learning. Applv
to E. a Dillon & Co., 110 5 Main
St. ' - - lH - B S bo
FOR SALE. Horse.cart and harness.
Easy terms. Enquire 5S4 Arctic
St. B 9 uo
LOST. Bank Book No. 14948 of
. Farmers & Mechanics Savings
Bank. If not returned within six
months said book will be cancelled
and closed and new one made out.
B3spo6 6 6
IT COSTS you nothing to learn how
to double your income handling our
fast seller. Ask for particulars. L.
B. Cramer Co., Dept. G, New Brit
ain, Conn. B 3 s 6 6 6
FOR SALE. Two Tiat house on Well
St., seven rooms on each floor.
Large lot and all conveniences. D.
R. Whitney, 1025 Main St.
B 9 b o
FOUND. Pocketbook containing
money. Owner can have by prov
ing property and paying charges.
Call on Frank Anderson, Seaview
Power House. . B 9 so
FOR SALE. A 4 room cottage, new,
up to date, barn, 5 acres good land,
citj- gas and water in cottage, situa
ted on North avenue, Stratford.
Price $3,800. See John J. Jordan,
2133 Main St. Tel. 3811. B 9 s'po
FUR SALE. At Teslny's Fur Shop
comprising of fur sets, separate
muffs and scarfs. Repairing alter
ing at manufacturers' prices. 867
Main street, A 19 a 5 o
GOOD LUCK, having bought a seven
IJassefigur Duiun w -n stsii ms lour
passenger Buick. Will be ro d right
to quick buyer. Inquire at 9Srt
Railroad avenue. B 8 spo
JOSEPH SAVARX can be found at
w. Mcoom-js oaroer scop, over
Douglas Shoe Store, Main street.
A 29 tf. o
YOU BETYOU ve don't "eave town
until we teea tnose gold tlsn and
hear that Grosser Automatic Band
Orchestra Von. Lipsic Ditchlandt.
Entree. Libre. 12 to 12. Royal
Rathskiller, State St. A 9 a po
WANTED. Cottage at Laurel Beach
for summer months. Addross B.
M., Farmer Office. A 29 o
BOMMOS & BILTZ. We will have
iresn sausage meat every day from
now on. 118 tf. o
VALENTINE CARDS. Fine assort
ment, each in envelope. South
worth's, 10 Arcade. D 16 tf. o
TRY A BOX of Casca Laxine tablets
tor con&tipation. cents.
H 1 o
GOOD SECOND HAND National Cash
Keglste- for sale cheap. Addresi
P. O. Pox 1 6. City. S " tf . o
"Classified" ads on laelde page of
this paper.

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