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BR1DGEP0R T E VENING FARMER ' . (FOTOfDED 1700.) Published bj The Farmer Publishing Co., 179 Fairfield Ave, Bridgeport, ' Conn. ' . ' ' Dally Edition, $3 per annum Weekly Edition, $1 per annum Kntered In Postoffice Bridgeport, UNCjjgABZL SATURDAY, MARCH 9, 1912. THE DECISION IN f HE MANCHESTER RATE CAiE The Public Utilities Commission has rendered its first decision in a rate case, denying the petitioners a reduction of fare between Manchester and Hartford on the lines of the Con necticut Company. The petitioners asked that a rate of 15 cents be de creased to 10 cents. Certain "general principles are ' at tempted to belaid down, some of which appear ' to be conflicting, and the decision In its entirety Is so broadly drawn as to furnish in the future almost any sort of a precedent that may be desired. Little exception can be taken to the method "of the commission, pur sued in fixing the amount of invest ment in the property of the lines in volved. The attorneys for the petitioners claimed that since it cost but $325.- 000 to build the lines, that should be the measure of the investment.. But the commission found as follows: . We do not think that the original MMMfntflAn o tftror that may have been, whether exorbitant or otherwise, or any inflated value for v lecnj nf ctnr'lr and bonds, are proper standards to determine the value of the plant and equipment for -which the company Is- entitled to re 'eelve a fair income, but that the COST OP REPRODUCTION ' at the present time in this PARTICUlAR case Is a more accurate standard, and the one which the commission nas loiiowea m ucieimmius cui. value. But this definition Is marked with the same uncertainty wnicn governs the opinion throughout. It is, ap parently, not laid down as a prece dent to govern the establishment or value of street railway properties gen erally, but only for THIS PARTTCU IiAR CASE. ' , , ' The petitioners desired the Hartford-Manchester line to be consider ed as a unit. The defendant corpo ration desired its entire system in Connecticut received as a unit. . The commission decided to consid er the svstem in and about Hartford in its entirety, and found that,, though the Manchester line paid more than seven per . cent, the entire system in nd about Hartford paid a little less than six per cent. But the finding carries a sinister suspicion that it may be made the IS IT WISE TO REMOVE The decision of the Supreme Court upon the petition of thedirectors of 'the Bridgeport j Public Library de clares apparently that it is within the power of . a court of chancery to break the Pettengill trust, and dis- pose of the building. ' . But no adequate reasons have ever neen suowu . wiiy cum an wnvu should be taken. It has been said that the lecture room, which is at the top of the present building presents fire perils . which make it unsafe to hold lectures in it. . ' By reference to the annual report of the Library for 1911 it appears that 10 lectures were given with an average attendance or 600 eacn. But the city is preparing to erect a $400,000 High school which will contain a handsome fire proof, entire v ly modern auditorium with a seating capacity of 1,400. .In no, sense would the character, " or -usefulness of the library course be impaired if the lectures were held in this beautiful proposed new hall. And, if the purpose is to erect a new Library adjacent to the High school, a duplication of auditoriums would seem costly, unnecessary and unjustified. y It has also been hinted, or rumor ed, that if the present site can be disposed of there are gentlemen who stand ready to make the city a really handsome gift for Library purposes. Such an offer might be worth con sidering and might justify the sale of the present building, and the re , mbval of the Library to another site. But the present site has many Lhings in its favor. It is a gift to Vhe city, and the donor did intend ihat very building to be used forever DEFENDS LABOR UNIONS lead of Tale Divinity Scliool Talks to Trades Council on Lawrence Strike Visit. 4 "1 would make any man sorry to iee, as I did, the conditions of the strikers in Lawrence, Mass., last week and to remember that the head of the woolen, industry, whose acts are res ponsible for the strike, drawing a sal- ' ary of $100,000 and the men who make - that munificent salary possible receive only j$6.a week,- -My sympathy is with those people. - If better ideals were presented to these heads of industries, jo si.h awful conditions could exist." al Rev. Charles R. Brown, dean of the Yale Divinity School, to the mem aers of the New Haven Trades Coun cil last evening. Dr.' Brown extolled the work of the !abor- unions, and defended them as ' necessary for justice to employer and employe. "I believe In organized la be., said - Dr. Brown, "because the pnaipief of collective bargaining is s-bsolutely necessary- under modern ; renditions of industry. The individ ual working man standing alone be fore some great corporation employ ing men by the thousands find,s him self Helpless. If John Smith as an ln- Exclusive TelegrapU Service of United Press : 8 Conn., as Second Class Matter. foundation of an opinion in some later adjudication justifying a profit of eight per cent, upon investment in public services in Connecticut. The commission says: It was conceded in the briefs filed by the petitioners that EIGHT per cent, would not be an unreasonable return of income on electric street railway investments." . - No such thing will be conceded by the public and the Manchester peti tioners made a. queer blunder in con ceding it in this case. Plenty of money can be had for such investment at six per cent, or less, as a perusal of stock quotations ; of any public service corporation will show,' and as the figures for the Hart ord system prove. ! In other words, if the system in Connecticut bas been built up on legs than six per cent, as the figures for Hartford prove, why eight per cent? v Surely, where a monopoly is given of street railway transportation thrcfugh some of the most densely. I populated "communities in the United States, no greater profit should be al lowed than experience has shown nec essary to obtain capitals ' The' remarks on improved service seemnot to be 'justified by anything in the' petition before the commis sion, nor by the precedent which th commission quotes. In the Westfleld case the Tailroad commissioners found that improve ment of service was needed more than reduction of rates. :. The commission, seems to have reached no such, conclusion in. the Manchester case, or at least . it has not discussed such improvements and has not ordered them.- It would seem the better practice for the commission to leave the mat ter of service to. stand upon its own bottom. ' . ' . . It is. certainly no justification for a high rate", that there ought to be better service. That is equivalent to the admission that an overcharge is being made for the service actually rendered. , In the whole ; this decision will " be disappointing to those who have hop ed much - from' the commission. THE PUBLIC LIBRARY? for Library purpose. n . That is admitted, and any change that is made will be a violation of good faith and an impairment of the obligation which she intended to lay upon the city, and did lay. - No pbwer in any court to . upset Mrs.' Pettengill's testament will alterJ in any degree the moral quality Of the thing that will be done. s Mrs. Pettengill intended this very building to . be used for - Library pur poses, and an appeal to "the con science of the chancellor", never en-, tered her mind. She .probably had never heard that' there waa a chan cllor, or that he had a conscience. Many purely utilitarian reasons 'ex ist for keeping the Library where it is on the main business street of the city, in a central locating in the shop ping district. The Library performs two main functions. It circulates books to be read at home. It conducts a reading room and reference department where people come to read. ' In its circulating department it has 33,000 customers who borrow annual ly about 227,000 books, making an average of more than six trips each. The attendance In the reading room reaches perhaps 265 a day, a large clientele. . " y , The NEARER a library Is to the BUSINESS CENTER of a city the more these thousands of people will be convenienced, and the greater fietd of usefulness the library will have. If the convenience of the "custom ers" of the Library are a first con sideration, it is as unwise to remove it to a non central location as it would be for one of the department stores to leave the business section of the city. d'vidual does not like the conditions of his job as to wages, hours, etc.. let him get out. , But when John Sm'th Is organized with five-thousand other John Smiths, and when his union rep resents . all the employable labor in that trade in the community, then hfs voice is heard and he is given some con si deration. "The union is needed to protect the laboring man against that unscrupu lous employer who, because labor 4s the most perishable of commodities, takes advantage of the necessities of his men to grind thorn down. "The union Is needed to protect the men against unscrupulous men In his own ranks. Men sometimes biethe bread 'out of each others' mouths In their eagerness to get Jobs vhen there is no organization. '-The union is needed to protect the xair minded employer who wants to treat nis employe ngnt, against tne shark of an employer who underbids him in the ooen market because he underpays his men. . When labor is thoroughly organized each employer knows what his competitor's labor is costing him, and all are on the same footing." Five days more to my Birthday. Girl Wanted? Read the Farmer Want Ad THE PASTE THIS IN YOUR HAT While it is difficult to satisfactor ily compare the street star systems of Great Britain with those of the Unit ed States, because the environments and , conditions are so different, it Is approprIate and fair to compare the municipally with the privately-owned line of the United Kingdom. The "Municinal Yar Rnnk nf the "United Klagdom" furnishes some illuminat ing figures. It is issued by the gov ernment, under the supervision of one of its officials, and is as authentic a statement of the condition of the various municipal and private enter prises of the kingoom as it is possible to obtain. Unuer the head of "tram ways" this year book for 1908 gives the following table: Local au- Private ' thonties. companies Undertakings owned...... 175 137 Total capital outlay 37,156,460 21,021,372 Lines open ' miles 1,491 U 748 Cost per mile 24,916. 28,072 Undertakings worked 123 127 Capital outlay 31,147,306 26,305,028 Track operated, miles, Gross receipts Working ex penses, Ratio of in- 1,273 6,853,486 936 3,789,692 4,323,734 2,512,029 63.08 2,529,752, 66.28 1,277,663 4 89.183,683 3.43 1,365 Net revenue Equivalent re- " turn on cap- ital per cent Car distance run -Net revenue per car mile pence, Net revenue per track mile, Passengers 8 154,965.781 3.91 1.660 carried, 1,529,596,438 706,416.339 Average fare - per passen- ger, pence, 1.05 1.21 It will be immediately noticed that thene are more public than privately owned street railway systems in Great Britain. ' In some cases the munici palities lease their tracks to privately owned companies, which accounts for the fact that while the municipalities own 175 undertakings, they operate only 122 of them, principally because the. franchises of the private com panies are still running. , And, too, it will . be noted that in the showing of financial conditions, the figures are in favor o the municipally-owned en terprises. , Also the municipalities make more money on their invest ments and carry passengers at a less average rate of fare. It would have been well if still nother figure had beei added to ' the above table toe average distance each passenger was carried. If it had been given, it would have shown that the municipally-owned lines also carried their passengers further . for a fare than did the privately-owned ones. ' With this showing before him, an unprejudiced person can come to only one conclusion ' He cannot 'escape from the fact that the municipalities of Great Britain have made a, great success pf their street car systems. But the British government furnish es further evidence of, this in tho remarks appended to the above table. Comparing with each other publicly and privately-owned street car lines, the government official comes 10 these conclusions: "No. branch of municipal enter prise has made such rapid pro gress during recent years as that relating to tramways. Almost without exception every large town has completely municipaliz ed tramways, or is about to do so. The expiry of-tramway companies' leases coincides . with the introduc tion of new methods of traction, - and before many years the facili ties ' for rapid transit in our great centers of population will . be com- . pletely,' revolutionized. Municipal corporations, in some cases, anx ious vto- get tramways completely under . their control at the earliest possible moment, do not wait for ' leases to . expire, but buy out the companies on terms which are p of itable to the community. A large number of towns have constructed : all or part of their tramways. IT IS CONSIDERED ; THAT NO TRAMWAY SERVICE CAN BE OF THE FULLEST BENEFIT TO , THE ' PEOPLE UNLESS IT IS OPERATED AS WELL AS OWN ED BY THE MUNICIPALITY. Every town is seeking to intro duce electric or other mechanical traction, and as in the majority of cases the corporations own the electric lighting supply, the intro duction of electric traction will prove of great advantage, SINCE THE COMBINATION OF THE TWO PUBLIC SERVICES IS BOUND TO RESULT IN THE HIGHEST STANDARD OF ECO NOMICAL WORKING. The British people are in no es sential different from - the American people. They are neither wiser, nor more enterprising, nor better busi ness men, nor imbued with higher ideals. They have been driven to municipal trading purely from eco nomic motives. They were given poor service at exorbitant rates by the privately-owned gas, water and tramway corporations, aiid they re belled, after trying for years to regu late these private owners of public utilities. And as they succeeded in their other enterprises, it was natur al that the street car monopoly should also be taken over. Neither has the average British of fice holder any high ideal as to the functions of .the - municipality. H considers one utility after another from a business standpoint the standpoint of pounds and pence -and he cares not whither it leads to so cialism or the opposite. ' What he wants Is the very best service at the very lowest rate, and so the almost universal success of municipal under- taking has made him an advocate of any and everything which will have a tendency to reduce either general taxation, as shown by the rates, or special taxation, as shown by the profits of private companies doing the public "business for what there is in It. "Thrift has been the determining motive in the movement," says Fred eric C. Howe. "The success of one town aroused the ratepayers ofN an- FARMER: MARCH 9, 1912 lp S. M. Utah (Eomjramj. . . , -..- EXHIBIT AND SALE OF IRISH LACES, EDGES, BANDS, MOTIFS. Commencing Monday morning there will be a large showing of rare and beautiful Irish Crochet Laces, and the same will be sold at prices from one-third to one half less than regular value. Edges and Insertions in all widths, Yokes for round or square necks, Plastrons, Bands and Separate Motifs for all uses. Hand-made Baskets for application on linens and fancy work. Crophet Roses of many petals in all sizes. Filet Bands, hand-made mesh, with roses applied. Prices from 25 cts to $3.50. Values were 45 cts to $5.00. Lace Section, main floor. .DECORATIONS FOR ST. PATRICK'S DAY. At the Dennison Section will be found Crepe Pa pers, Paper Napkins, Tee Cups, Dinner and Luncheon Cards, and Favors In varieey. . .K Shamrock Pies, Favors and Ice Cups made to order as desired. In the Basement. BANDANNAS FOR KIMONOS. Flowered designs and . 30 inches square. They make up artistically into kimonos, aprons, pillow covers and fancy bags. 13 and Washable Gloves for Spring Wear. White Doeskin, 2 buttons, Natural Chamois, long and short. Torchon Laces, all linen, hand-made, 5 cts a yard. Petticoats of Soft Taffeta, all colors, $5.00 silk, $2.98. 1 . Wqt S. IW. If rapeqkd ib. unn 1072 Main St. DEPARTMENT STORE, 89 Fairfield Ave. THE STORE TO FIND SCARCE ARTICLES" AND THE STORE THAT PAYS'OAR FARE COUPON GOOD MONDAY, MARCH 11 MEN'S and WOMEN'S RUBBER HEELS Splendid Quality 7c pair, 4 pairs for 25c other, always alert to this side of municipal administration." The British Government officially informs the world that the municipal ownership , of its tramways is a finan cial success. When Bridgeport owns doubt the success will be equally as its own street car system there Is no greats HIGH SCHOOL NEWS The B. H. S. minstrels, Including those who will appear in the sketches and the chorus, will have a reunion and banquet not long after their per formances on March 14 and 15. Ar rangements are to be made directly by those in charge of the show and a ripping, good time is anticipated. The Junior Commercial class had its much heralded debate Thursday after school on "Resolved that Capital Pun ishment Should Be Abolished." The af firmative side composed of John Mol loy, Frederick Owens and John De Barbierl won. The challenge of the Junior Academics for a debate to be held two weeks from next Thursday was accepted. Yesterday morning the finance com mittee for the minstrel show sent an appeal to the student body for the united support of the students during the minstrel show. The show cannot help being anything but a startling success and a most enjcyable evening is assured to all attending. With the united support of the students, enough money will be made to carry the as sociation well through the baseball season and help start the football year. As soon as the weather becomes a little warmer, "The Boating Club of East Bridgeport" will reorganize as a fishing club. The officers of the club are: President, Frank Malcolm; vice president, Arthur Swan son; sec retary, Leonard Pratt; treasurer, Isi dore Seltzer. At the present time the Junior Com mercial class has the record for hav ing more debaters than any other class in the school. The Junior Academics are out after the record however. Those members of the Senior Com mercial class who do not write a cer tain number of words per minute on the typewriter will be obliged to drop some other study for a while in order to Increase their typewriting speed. Peter Hanbury, "13 Commercial has excepted a position In the shipping de partment of the Public Market for Sat urdays only. Yesterday two of the Senior boys were reprimanded for "conduct uni i-comina- Seniors. The Seniors are told ta.t they cannot do as they wish for 15 cts. Handkerchief Section. F aft (Jmjtpatuf. We have many kinds of Rubber Goods on which we can save our customers mon ey. Garden Hose, Plumb ers' Force Cups, Tubing, Weather Strips, Rubber Bands, Rubber Balls of all kinds, Rubber Dressing and Fine Combs, etc. y they will set a bad example to the Freshmen. All the freshmen girls agree that the stoutest fellow in the Junior Commer cial class is too cute for anything. They always bring him sandwiches and dainties and, as . the pet of the class, he is much envied by his other classmates. Rev. H. A. Davenport officiated at the funeral yesterday afternoon of Fannie, , wife of Horace Pigg, held from the bereaved home, 35 Warren street. There were many beautiful floral pieces in evidence. The pall bearers were George Hull, W.- A. Lewis, F. A. Hasbrouck, and W. A. Welch. Interment was in Mountain Grove cemetery. ' Hot Water Bottles 25 different styles and kinds to select from. 65c to $2.00. and every bottle guaranteed. Fountain Syringes A big variety, 75c to S2.50. Rubber Sheeting We handle the kinds that are sat isfactory and that will give good ser vice, 50c yard and up. Rubber Tubings. Every size, style and kind carried in stock. Elastic Stockings. All regular sizes carried in stock, or we make to measure at no extra charge. Abdominal Belts. Many styles and kinds tm select from, $2.00 to $4.00. Trusses. Boston or Now York models, $1.50 each. Rubber Goods A number of kinds and makes in stock, 50c pair 'and up. The Ailing Rubber Co 1127 MAIN ST. ;GH VAUE B-E- LOW RATES TO TTTE OW RATES TO THE PACIFIC COAST For fall information apply to N. W. Prlngle, N. B. P. A., liehien Va'iiev R. TU, 39 Church St., New Haven, Conn. 'Phone 1140. BACHMAN'S EMMENAGOGUE MIXTURE A splendid Female Regulator in cases of suppressea menstruation, aemy due to colds, ill health, or other un natural causes; $1.75 for the whole outfit. Made only at the WOMAN'S DRUG STORE 870 Main Street, Bridgeport, Conn. Lady Attendants Always Here M. J. MALONEY FOR HOME OR MEDICIXAIi USFS Beer $1.00 a case W. A. Milesv Ale $1.00 a case Sarsaparilla. . I.emn Soda. Seltzer. Vichy, Soda, all kinds of liottled Laser. Hartholomny's Rochester T.aeir 86 JOXES AVEXUE. Tel. 3459-3 TONS OF FRESH FISH Scperlb DURING LENT W. D. COOK & SON 523 Water Street PHONE 3890 Jlullins' Typewriter Exchange Cor. Main and State Sts. Tel. D45 All makes for sale, rent, or exchange Supplies and Repairing y. ADVANCE DESIGNS FOR SPRING AT Mollan's Women's highest grade low and high shoes South window Mollan's stylish footwear at two dollars and two and a half North window Agency for the celebrated ANATOMIK SHOES for foot sufferers, at Mollan's Wllolian 1026 MAIN ST. CHICHESTER'S PILLS Pil l a reus known ss hest. Safes. A i p i;a,i SOLO BY nwfinrcrs EVERYWHERE $3.50 Recipe Free, For Weak Men. Send Namd and Address To day -You Can Have It Free and Be Strong ana Vigorous I have in my possesion a prescrip tion for nervous debiiHy, lack, of vig or, weakened manhood, failing mem ory and lame back, brought on My ex cesses, unnatural drains, cr the fol!ie 1 youth, that has cured so man) worn and nervous men right in their own homes without any additional help or medicine that I think every man who wishes to reurain .his manly power and virility, quickly and quiet y, should have a copy. So L havo determined to send a copy o the pre scription free of charge. In a plain, ordinary sealed envelope to any man wh will write me ror it This prescription comes from a phy elcian who has made a special study of men and I am convinced it Is the surest-acting combination for the cure of deficient manhood and vigor rail ure ever put together. I think I owe it to my fellow man to send them a copy In confidence i that any man anywhere who l wft' and discouraged with Vepeated failures may stop drugging himself with harm ful patent medicines, secure what 1 believe Is the quickest-acting restora tive, upbuilding. SPOT-TOUCHINO remedy ever devised, and so cure him self at home quietly and quickly. Just drop me a line like this: Dr. A. E. Roblnson.4125 Luck Building. Detroit, Mich., and I will send you a copy of this splendid recipe in a plain ordin ary envelope free of charge. A great many doctors would charge $3.00 to $5.00 for ; merely , writing out a pre scription like this but I send It en tirely free. AMUSEMENTS THE NEW TT YRIC A Laugh a Minute TONIGHT Frank Carpenter Stock Co ELEANOR CLEVELAND THE BACHELOR'S HONEYMOON Get Your Seats Early PRICES. . . .20c, 30c and 50o Only a Few Ieft COMING NEXT WEEK THE SPENDTHRIFT" tt PARK THEATRE MONDAY, MARCH 11 Cohan and Harris THE FORTUNE HUNTER . PRICES 25c-$1.50 Seat Salo Friday Mail Orders Now , POLFS SUNDAY MEEMG MARCH 10, 3:30 P. M. WALTER M. CHANDLER "The Trial of Jesus from a Lawyer's Standpoint" SPECIAIi MUSIC South Church Men's Chorus Miss Frances Allen, Harpist MEN ONLY ' THE SINGFXG M'EN ELLT S Monday Evenng, March 11 ' at 'the Colonial Ball Room in t CONCERT AND DANCING " A Good .Time for Everybody Admission 35 Cents ' S7 a PATENTS A. M. WOOSTER. Aitomey-at-t4m Late Examiner U. S. Patent Office 1094 MAIN ST.. BRIDGEPORT. CT Send Postal for Booklet on patent SPRING FASHIONS : All the new Spring Fashion Plates, including the beautiful Frerch Fash :on Book, Revue Paiisi nne, which contains over 1,000 Illustrations. Now en sale at the Post Office News Store v 11 ARCADE SIDEWALKS Sand and Gravel THE BURNS CO. 82 PAIR FIELD AVENUE : BROKEN STONE, all sizes ROOFING G14 all , Telephone DEAFNESS, HEADNOISES . new Book on Hew ' Method How to Recover Hearing 'Without Drugs or Electric Devices: Message of Hope and Joy to Ail Afflicted Persons There Is hope of a well-baaed kind which should bring joy and ultimate contentment to multitudes of persons who have been troubled for years with deafness or. heud noises, y Dr. Coutant, an able specialist, has evolved a newly perfected method for treating cases where the bearing is not perfect or where the sufferer ts harass ed by ringing, roar'ng. buzzing or other disagreeable noises In the bead., It ap pears that .about 95 out of every hun dred cases ;are from causes amenable to proer treatment. Dr. Coutant does not advocate the nse of drugs or electricity. He relies chiefly apnn co5pe-ating with Nature In bringing about a speedy and effectu al cure of morbid aural conditions. Re markable cures are n ported, many of them being In the cases of deafness that had existed for about 20 to 40 years. With the description given la his newly published book, the earned docto provides a :ong seHes of letters, written by persons wi had been given op as hopeless, and who were speedily cured t home wUhout loss of time and without inconvenience by Dr. Coutant'a natural home method. - Anyone who Is interested can wrlta to a dozen or a hundred of the persona who. not long ago. were victims of deafness or bead-noises (or bothi and who are now delighted to, proclaim themselves as marvellously benefited or completely cured.. Dr. Coutant is not one, of the. irre sponsible quacks, of which there 1 such a large number, but is a reput able, responsible. licentiate, practising physician with a third of a century's active experience. The doctor believes there are many wno are troubled witn ,aeafie. msm who might be permanently rreea Trom their inability to hear and from tin nitus (noises if they would do as otfc ers have successfully done, merely fol- The book, which any reader can Ob tain from the author,- Dr. George B. Coutant. 2G9 Station E, New York, N. Y., has been declared by many to be worth its weight In gold One needs only to write for it and the treatise will promptly come in a plain wrapper.