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BR1DGEP0R T E VENING FARMER
Published by Tho Farmer Publishing Co., 179 Fairfield Ave,, Bridgeport,
; $3 per annum
$1 per annum
- Entered in Postoffice, Bridgeport. Conn,, as Second Class Matter.
TUESDAY, APBJIi 16, 1912.
The later reports from the wreck
of the Titanic show an almost com
plete disaster. It would appear from
such facts as are available at the
moment when this editorial Is writ
ten that the great ship, making her
first voyage, the last word that civi
lization had offered In the ship build
ers art, went down in the darkness
of early morning, a few hours after
striking an iceberg, and before any
of the craft rushing to her rescue
could reach her.
; The life boats appear to have been
hastily manned, and .the. women and
children placed In them and seat
away from the ship's side, beyond the
suction of the whirlpool she would
make in sinking.
And here was the weak spot the
owners had left, in their precautious
against disaster. Everything that
human ingenuity could device to
make the Titanic safe within herself
had been accomplished.
- The precautions that were devised
tn case she should prove unsafe were!
entirely insufficient. The equipment
AVILBUR WRIGHT, 45 TODAY,
A "CRAZY CRANK" WHO MADE GOOD
Well, you can't blame them. We
ourselves would have thought them a
"bit cracked" if we had thought any
thing about them, which we didn't.
We all knew it Was-impossible and
the dream of a crazy man, to be
compared only with the perpetual
notion delusion or the alchemist's
scheme for making gold from baser
. metaJSj. . You . knew very well that's
what 7 y ou " said, although y ou will
probably deny it.
What's this all dfeout? Oh, sure,
we forgot to tell you. Today is the
forty-fifth birthday of Wilbur Wright,
6f the famous Brothers, and we were
merely reflecting that one can't, find
fault with the people of Dayton, O.,
for thinking that "old Bishop Wright's
boys" had a screw Ipose In their
he4 wfieh "they first began their ex
periments with flying machines.
Hadn't allthe wise editors- declared
that tieavierrthan-air craft were im
possible of achievement? And if one
is not to believe the. wise editors, who
shall one believe ? - - So, - when the
. Wright iTboys . began ''their tinkering,
. Dayton folks laughed in their sleeves,
. arid sometimes openly with their
moutns. ana tappea tneir ioreneaas
in a significant manner. Even the
youngsters scoffed at the would-be
inventors, and recited Trowbridge's
"Darius Green," "The birds can fly,
an vrhy can't I?" s
Wilbur, who is forty-five today, is
the "elder; of the brothers; and was
borifyjaj- Mfllville, IncL, ', while Or
villeT wluSfwin be forty-one in August,
isa ji alive of .Dayton. Their father,
the Rev. Milton Wright, was long a
bishop of the United Brethren
Church.. Both brothers were educat
ed in the Dayton high school. The
bicycle "buy." . was then ... working
overtime; and the Wrights, through
ECLIPSE OF SUN TOMORROW WILL
BE VISIBLE EST UNITED STATES
Tomorrow morning Old Sol will go
fnto. eclipse and the phenomenon will
Vc visible as a partial eclipse in the
eastern portion of the United States
and Canada. A line drawn from
Winnipeg, Man., through Grand
Forks, N. D., Sioux City, la.,' Glas
gow, Mo., Memphis, Tenn., Pensacola,
Fla., Havana, Cuba, and Caracas,
Venezuela, will mark the extreme
western border of the path 5f the,
eclipse. .The central eclipse path be
gins in eastern Venezuela, moves
northeasterly across the Madeiras,
Portugal, Spain and France, passes
along the southern shore of the Baltic,-'
s through -. oiorthern Russia, and
terminates in Siberia. The eclipse, as
viewed from any point in the United
States' or Canada, will be annular
that is, the sun will not be totally
obscured, but will seem to be a ring
of light when the eclipse Is central.
Xcwr- England and Nova Scotia, In
North America,' will be most favored
by Old Sol, . although the northwest
corner of Spain will be the only point
where the eclipse will be total. The
eclipse begins before sunrise in all
parts of North America except North
eastern New York State, and the New
England States and the extreme east
ern portion of Canada. In New York
City and southern Connecticut the
eclipse -begims- shortly before the sun
pushes above, the horizon. In the
southeastern States and the Middle
West, as well as In the eastern States
with the excelpions noted, the sun
upon .- rising will . be seen partially
eclipsed, tbesuh; for those points of
Connecticut's Republican State con
vention, to choose delegates to the
national convention, meets today In
New Haven. Today is the semi-centennial
of the abolition of slavery iri
Service of United
Press t .
TO THE TITANIC
of life boats and life rafts was piti
fully inadequate. Not more than one
perron in three on board could be
taken. Life preservers there appear
to have been in plenty, but these are
practically useless in a disaster on
the high seas, and must - have been
doubly useless in the waters about
Cape Race, where the frigid polar
currents meet the Gulf stream.
The lesson to be drawn from the
catastrophe is that adequate meas
ures must be taken for the salvage
of life when the ship is irretrievably
No vessel can be built, apparently
that will certainly endure the tre
mendous shock of collision with rock
or iceberg, though doubtless tho
builders of the Titanic believed they
had created an "unsinkable" fehip.
The vessels of the future must be
made as safe as human ingenuity can
make them, but they must be equip
ped with life boats and life rafts up
on the theory that they may be . to
tally wrecked at any instant, and
provision must be made for every
person on board. .'..;
owning "wheels," became experts in
repairing. Naturally of a mechanical
turn of mind, they decided that a
repair shop would afford Interesting
as well as profitable labor. The first
place of business was a mere shanty.
Their initial Invention was a glider,
constructed along the principles of a
kite, and it was while testing this
machine at Kitty Hawk, N. C, in
1903, that they bit upon the plan of
building a similar contraption : with
a motor and attempting the conquest
of the air. When they returned to
Dayton they began work in earnest
on this idea, and the result was the
Although the Wrights were the first
to . perfect a heavier-than-air ma-'
chine, and make it fly, other men in
various parts of the world were en
gaged at the same time in similar
experiments. One of these was Hugo
Hattulath, of New York, who on Jan.
8, 1900, filed an application for a
patent for a flying machine, his spec
ifications including a wing-tip flexing
device. Although Hattulath Is now
dead, his patent Is said to threaten
the validity of the Wright patents.
This month the Court of Appeals of
the District of Columbia reversed the
action of the United States Commis
sioner of Patents and authorized the
reinstatement of the Hattulath pat
ent. , ' :
Both of the Wright brothers are
modest; unassuming, democratic
Americans, and the honors heaped
upo them by the people and gov
ernments of the United States and
other nations have not gone to their,
heads. In fact, they wear the same
size hats as in the old days when
they were "crazV cranks," and the
objects of the good-natured ridicule
of their Dayton neighbors.
view having passed through the an
nular eclipse ' before rising. The
phenomenon will not be accompanied
by dense darkness in any part of
North America, but there will be
varying degrees of twilight. If the
sun is not obscured by clouds, there
will be the barest suggestion of dark
ness along the western limit ot the
path of the eclipse, while in New
England and Nova Scotia the . more
perfect obscuration of the source of
light will not bring about that black
darkness that in the past has fright
ened the superstitious to sudden
prayers and piety. Harvard Obser
vatory will be the most favored point
in North America for the scientific
observation of the eclipse. British
astronomers have chartered a steam
ship from which to ' make observa
tions at sea, off the coast of Portu
gal, where the duration of totality
will be longest. Observatories in
southern Europe, including those of
France and Russia, will also make
observations which, if . conditions are
favorable, are hoped to be of great
The last annular eclipse of the sun
visible in North America took place
in June, 1908, and Florida was the
only section favored by Old Sol. The
next total eclipse North Americans
will be permitted to view will be. on
June 8, 1918, and its path will extend
across the country from British Co
lumbia to Florida. There will be
another eclipse, visible in the eastern
portion of the United States and Can
ada in 1925.
the District of, Columbia. It is also
the semi-centennial of France's de
claration of war against Mexico. The
annual Battle of Flowers fiesta in San
Antonio, Tex., is in progress today
f and will occudv the entire week. A
year from today will be the fiftieth
anniversary of the running of the
batteries at Vicksburg by the Missis
sippi fleet, in command of Admiral
Porter. - -
The first definite step in the tragedy
which led to the execution of the Ill
fated Emperor Maximilian of Mexico
was taken half a century ago today,
when the French declared war
against Juarez, the President of
Mexico. The English and Spanish
allies 'were withdrawn from the ex
pedition, leaving the French to prose
cute the war for the establishment of
an empire on the ruins of the Mexi
can republic. For a time the Euro
pean invaders were successful, and
by. 1864 held possession of most of
Mexico. The occupation continued
until 1867, when the United States,
again a , united country, assumed a
hostile attitude toward the disturbers
of American peace. France then de
serted the cause of Maximilian, leav
ing him to his fate.
(Written for The Farmer by Cora
The birds are crooning sweet and low.
Across the sky the soft clouds go,
And over hill and dale and plain
Fall misty veils of shbwering rain.
Like a faint violin, the Spring winds
blow, . , .
And here and there' the grass blades
Buds are swelling on bush and tree -Just
tipped with green, they seem to
And now the birds burst . forth in
A . gleam of sunshine gilds the
The rain, drops glitter in the air.
And sparkle like wet diamonds there.
And just beside,' in a little brook ' I
The fish are swimming to and fro,
Calmly swimming in the water clear
In the shadow, molten silver, in the
sunshine, burnished gold.
Bending near, the Cowslip shows
Its golden buds, and -the purple sweet
And water cress and white violets
And moss cupped, their- pale blue
sisters, nod in rows.
Under "the satin bark of birch trees
The wee pink lipped Arbutus children
Only to those, that love them, they
breathe their fragrant sigh.
But hide, under the dead leaves, from
careless passers by. .
And we, who are more than bud or
.blossom or wing or song, '
Know that with His guidance, things
cannot go always wrong.
We who are His children, Children of
Will lift our heads in courage and
defy Fate's crudest sting.
We'll casf aside the dead leaves, the
ruDDisn or our iears.
We'll grow again the plant of Hope
well watered by our tears.
We'll bid defiance, now, to Winter's
- icy darts. N
And all athrlll with Nature, we'll have
Springtime in our hearts.
Chicago Firm Under One Blanket
Document Insures All
' The largest life insurance policy
ever written was issued recently by
the Equitable Life Assurance Society
to the mail order house of Montgom
ery Ward & Co. of Chicago. It was
the result of a new system of insur
ance by which an employer may in
sure the lives of his employes under
a blanket policy. The policy is for
one year and each individual is in
sured under it for a percentage of
the year's wages.
President William A. Day of tho
Equitable Life is of the opinion that
this will be but the first of many
similar policies taken out by employ
ers who wish to solve the pension
difficulty and encourage the loyalty
and efficiency of their employes. He
says that the present policy is the
largest ever written from the view
point of the number of lives insured
and the amount of . insurance in
Ordinarily in such cases all em
ployes are accepted on an equable
basis, old or young, weak or strong,
and no discrimination is made. There
is not. even a medical examination cf
the individual except in States re
quiring it, but in the case of Mont
gomery Ward & Co. all employes are
examined by their own medical staff
before being employed. The Equita
ble Life is interested in the employes
only as a group and. if the group
comes up to the standard set it is ac
cepted as a risk without regard to
the condition of the individuals in it.
The employe is supplied with a
certificate of insurance by the em
ployer after the blanket policy has
been issued. In the event of the em
ploye's wage being increased the In
surance is increased automatically,' as
it also begins and terminates aito
matically when a new employe is
added or one leaves.
JOHNSON WHITE AND
CLERK GATLIII TALK
OVER MUNICIPAL WORK
Johnson White, the noted municipal
expert from Kalamazoo, Mich., met
with Clerk Catiin of the board' of con
tract and supply, yesterday.
While Mr. White came here prin
cipally to supervise the Installation of
civil service in the various city de
partments, he is willing to go still
further and give all departments the
benefit of his advice.
Mr. Catiin expects to buy oats for
the fire department by the coarload.
"An excellent idea." said Mr.
White. "Thoroughly In accord with
our idea of efficiency and economy."
"The firemen have little enough to
do. They will object at first to shov
elling and hauling the oats, but when
they get used to it, they'll come to
regard it as part of their routine. We
have tried out this plan in Kalamazoo,
and find it to be highly satisfac
tory." Hats with pancake crowns and dou
ble brims and little or no trimming
FARMER: APRIL 16, 1912
GOVERNMENT SERVICE UNDER
MERIT SYSTEM PROMISING
FIELD FOR YOUNG MEN
By S. E.
Hundreds of young men every
year graduate from our Universities,
colleges, and other institutions of
learning. Many of these young men
have no fixed purpose, no special aim
in life. They have spent a certain
number of years in acquiring what is
called an education but what is in
reality only the commencement of an
education, only a recommendation, a
license so to . speak to enter one of
the special avenues of a life work,
which may lead to fame and fortune
to public esteem and confidence.
Many capable young men of this
class, said to be well educated, ask
what shall I do to get a business ex
perience, to get a start along practi
cal lines and still continue to learn?
Why not enter the Government Ser
vice or prepare yourself for it. Many
thousands of positions are now open
to young men through the Civil Ser
vice or Merit System, that under the
old spoils system were closed and only
possible through processes that often
were disgraceful ' and humiliating: to
ah honest, self-respecting citizen.
But to-day, thanks to Geo. Wil
liam Curtis and our presidents, Grant,
Hayes, Cleveland and Roosevelt, con
ditions have been changed and both
men and women can now enter the
service of their country, because they
possess ability, because they want to
give good service and can show prom
ise of being able to' render such ser
vice. Young man,- why not help to
strengthen and elevate the merit sys
tem; place it on such a level, up to
such a standard, that you will esteem
it an. honor to be in your 'country's
service. , ' '
Through the merit system the door
HOME HEALTH CLUB
By DR. DAVID H. REEDER, L& Porte, Indiana
WHOOPING COUGH This afflic
tion, peculiar to children as a rule,
is so-called because of a peculiar
"whoop" in the paroxysms of the
second stage of the disease. It is
contagious and usually occurs epi
demically and is self-limited. 'One at
tack of it generally immunes the sub
ject from having it again. It has
three distinct stages, If proper treat
ment does not conquer it in the first.
The patient may show evidence of
the disease in 48 hours, or It may not
become palpable for . eight weeks af
ter exposure. '
Whooping cough is a much more
dangerous ailment than Is generally
supposed and it Is liable to serious
complications under Improper treat
ment that . bring about other afflic
tions very distressing and at itmes
ruinous to a child's general health, or
the wreck of some special function
Its first stage is more catarrhal than
otherwise,- the onset being caused by
a common cold and lasts from one to
five weeks, many of the symptoms be
ing those of hay fever and acute ca
tarrh, such as sneezing, watery eyes,
headaches, slight fevers or chilliness,
indisposition and frequent coughing.
Treatment should be applied in the
first stage, and if carefully and sen
sibly given, will, generally ward off
the second stage. : The patient should
be ' warnfly clothed, . seasonably, and
especially the feet should . be kept
warm and dry. After a diluted acetic
acid bath and a good rubbing with
olive oil, or almond oil. put the child
to bed and apply dry heat to the feet.
Give a cup of hot ginger tea with
1-2 grain of cayenne pepper added.
To relieve the paroxysms of coughing,
give from the twelve tissue elements
(obtained in a Homeopathic drug
store) Kali Mur in tablet form of
about the 6th trituration, 2 to 4 tab
lets according to the age of the pa
tient, 6 times daily. Generally this
will suffice to check the disease.
The second stage if it has not been
turned aside is extremely distressing
to the child and alarming to inexper
ienced . attendants. More severe
CIRCUS CARS ARE
SENT TO JEW YORK
Large Crowds Watch De
parture of Barnum & Bai
ley Trains Yesterday. .
A large section of the West End
population turned out Sunday af
ternoon to watch the departure of the
Barnum & Bailey circus trains. For
several hours a switcher was busy
shunting cars in and out of the win
ter quarters and finally two long
trains were made up. ;
Cars for the animals were Included
in the list as well asflat cars for the
wagons used in the parade. There
were also a number of sleepers for the
use of the perfornters , and employes
attached to the big show. The
freight cars were painted a bright
yellow and the passenger coaches a
handsome shade of red. The Barnum
& Bailey show has been playing in
Madison Square Garden, New York,
and therefore had no need of the cars.
The New York engagement closed
Saturday night and it was thought
best to send the cars to New York
In readiness for the road tour. The
circus is In Brooklyn thlsweek.
Under the direction of Mr. and Mrs.
Alexander P. Hatch a benefit' whist
and pinochle will be held this
evening in St. 'Charles' hall for Mr.
and Mrs. Edward R. Petrie of Hunt
ington Road. Many substantial prizes
have been secured.
Mr. Petrie suffered a shock 10 years
ago that prevented his continuing his
work, and what income the couple
has enjoyed came through the efforts
of Mrs. Petrie. Recently Mrs. Petrie
fell down stairs in her home and
suffered several . fractured ribs and
other Injuries that made it impossible
for her to work.
Mr. and Mrs. Hatch and other
friends of the family, have arranged
the whist and a generous response is
expected for the worthy undertak
to Government Service is open to you,
such an entry is honorable, even
though you may not desire to Speed
your life " in that service. ' If you
will investigate you will find that
there are many positions that give
comfortable remuneration and put
you in touch with the great machin
ery of business and -Government and
you do not bow to the political boss
for them, or trail after the. dema
gogue for favors. Shame on the
Barbarian system that we have fol
lowed for so many 3'ears giving the
rbest to he least deserving, paying po
litical debts -with public trusts.
Toung man, look into our Post Ot- t
fice, internal revenue, engineering
and consular service. There are
many promising- positions there wait
ing' for. the worthy, the willing, and
the efficient young., man. Many
men of great ability have served in
these departments. Are you inter
ested? They are open to you, 260,
000 Government positions are now fill
ed under the merit . system. 400,000
should be so filled. Willi you help
to put them all under" the Civil Ser
vice? Will -you help to raise the
standard of that service? Will you
try for a position? Yourself? Pres
ident Hayes' motto was a courageous
one: "No dismissals of competent
officials except for just cause; no
appointments to pay political debts."
His convictions cost him his head,
politically,' r but the , cause lived; it
has grown and men are beginning to
say that, Merit should be the quali
fying standard by which public ser
vants are tried if they 'wish to enter
the Government service. - ' ' . -
S. E. VINCENT.
paroxysms are preceded by a peculiar
sensation in the throat and chest.
Air expelled from the lungs by sev
eral rapid and violent expirations, fol
lowed by a rush of air to the lungs,
producing the peculiar "whoop" from
which the disease takes its .name.
This is weakening, the veins of the
neck enlarge; the heart throbs ener
getically; the A eyeballs protrude; the
face becomes -purple; the. forehead
yields profuse perspiration, and it
seems as if the child would cuffocate.
However, this lasts only about three
minutes , and suddenly disappears.
This Is followed by expectorations of
mucus and -sometimes by vomiting,
and often by evacuations of bladder
and bowels. ' This stage of the dis
ease usually lasts about ten days, 'if
it is successfully handled.
The earner treatment as to the giv
ing of Kali Mur, as in the first stage,
is about all that can be done, though
close care to do everything to keep
the child comfortable should be given
to shorten the duration of the disease;
protection " from draughts and damp
ness and the administration) of plain,
nutritious, diet. . ..
" The third stage is only that of con
valesence, but it is a critical period.
The child wishes to be active, to over
eat, and to seek exposure. All these
should be strenuously ' prevented, not
only;', to promote normal health-rapidly,'
but to avoid complications that
are insistently seeking to attack the
patient, in the weakened - state that
whooping cough superinduces. -
With care and prompt attention" in
the first stage, whooping cough pass
es away with less danger than acute
catarrh, and handled with this care
and attention, Is often quite simple
and comparatively harmless. But, as
before mentioned, it is an extremely
dangerous disease and carries off
more children in proportion fto ita
prevalence than almost any other
disease. Often it is very stubborn
and is something that should be spe
cially guarded against and particular
ly cared for and fought against, up
on its first appearance.
The new cotton ottomans are ex
tremely pretty; especially good are
those striped alternately in blue and
white, violet and white and tan and
The time is here when you
sportsmen will have to con
sider buying your fishing
paraphernalia, and boots are
one of the most necessary
things in your outfit.
$4.75 to $6.50
$4.75 to $5.75
STORM KING BOOTS
$3.75 to $4.75
Rubber coats and hats
should not be forgotten,
when you make up your' list
of fishing needs. V
$2.50 to $6.50
50c, 75c, $1.00 1
The Ailing Rubber Co,
1127 MAIN ST.
Sty S. 'Mi:Mimpw.
A SALE OF TAILORED SUITINGS,
MIXTURES AND STRIFES,
NOVELTY WORSTEDS OF GOOD GRAPHS
AT MARKED REDUCTIONS.
There are-two-lots of these Cloths, obtained by us
from a clearance of manufacturers' weaves, and they
are especially seasonable, because the styles are decid
edly in fashion now;, : : '
Medium and rough weaves, worth from $1.00 to
$1.50, , 89 cts.
About two hundred yards only, in effects of tan,
gray, and brown. 5
A second and much smaller lot, worth from $1.50
.. , ' On sale immediately.
WHITE COTTON GOODS FOR
, SUMMER FROCKS.
The White Goods Department is now at its best with
snowy and dainty materials for
Embroidered and potted Batistes 50, 55, 65 and 95 cts.
Plain Batiste 29, 40, 50 and 75 cts.
Embroidered and Dotted Swiss
Voiles and 'Marquisettes, plain.
: crossbar and striped,
Flaxons, plain and crossbar,
Persian Lawns, 32 inches,
French Lawns, 45 inches,
Dimity, stripes and crossbars,
Crossbar Muslin .
Cotton Corduroy .
Near Linen,' 36 inches
Men's Shirting, stripes and
Ratine, 32' inches, linen finish,
40 inches, suiting,
ART NEEDLEWORK LESSONS
Commencing oft Wednesday, this week. Miss Alden
will be at the Art Department to give instruction to all "
who desire assistance in art . needlework. She will -show
you how to do punchwork, French laid work, and :
the mediaeval embroidery, - which is just coming in
fashion." ; ;- "' v- v '' 2
On Wednesdays; a,t the Art Section.
' Third floor. I
For warmer weather, low
' 98 cts
"Velvet Grip" Hose Supporters, to sew on corsets.
The genuine Velvet Grip, at 10 cts a pair. .
Attention is invited to the fine Exhibition of
Robes, embroidered and lace trimmed specimens of Ba
tiste and Cawn and appropriate for graduations and
weddings. , ' At the Lace Section.
1072 Main St. DEPARTMENT STORE, 89 Fairfield Ave.
THB STORE TO FIND SCARCE ART! CUES"
AND TH E STORE THAT PAIS OAR .FARE
Wednesday, April 17
Were 25c, with coupon
4 POUNDS ; .$ .25
9 POUNDS . ....... . ....... .50
18 POUNDS 1.00
25 POUNDS, Cloth Sack ... . ..... . ... .... . 1.35
The Union Pacific Tea Company,
, 1058 MAIN STREET 701 EAST MAIN STREET
50 GIRLS WANTED AT ONCE
ON SMALL PRESSES
$1.25 per day paid to beginners. -Rapid advancement
according to speed of operator
u 10 t
25, 45, 55, 75 and 85 cts.
25, 30, 45, 50, 60, and 75 cts.
25, 30, and 35 cts.
15, 20, 25, and up to 50 cts.
40, 50 and 75 cts.
12, 15, 25, 30 and 35 cts.
12i2, 15, 20 and 25 cts.
15 and 25 cts.
25, 30, 35, 40 and 50 cts.
15. 20 and 25 cts.'
25, 30, 35 and 40 cts.
Center Counter, lower floor.
necked, no sleeves, swiss
' . Worth $1.50. .
We still sell a good many Teddy
Bears and other Stuffed Animals.
Bears, 25c, 50c and 98c
Ldons, 39, 58c and 99c
Dogs, 25c, 50c, 58c and 98c
Sheep, 25c, 50c and 98c
Cats, 10c and 50c.
Horses, 8c, 25c 50c, 75c, 98c anf
All kinds of Toys and Dolls in stock
all the year.