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The Bridgeport evening farmer. [volume] (Bridgeport, Conn.) 1866-1917, March 06, 1914, Image 12

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buzzard and flood scenes in the east and
west When deat h -game wsW snow -and rain
c''7 . , ' .'. " .j'ii r" . s r r-iEWai' -ws
to T - - i ' iJ 1 1 ,
, r;.,- ti? t--ri
Noted Singer Declares That
Americans - Do Xot - Fur-'
nish Sympathetic Au
dience For Native ,
" Masters. '
The elements hav dealt "unkindly
with both the Atlantid and the Pacific
coasts, as theselrfctures show. The
hllzzard lii the Atlantic states was the
worst smce the record making blizzard
of JMareh 12, 1888. It stalled trains
tor days, tieck up traffic in and around
New Torl Philadelphia "and.-other, big
eastern cities and caused; the death of
a score or more persons, mainly from
broken wires. Never were more poles
snapped off along the railroad lines
and wires broken than in this storm.
On the Pacific coast, in California, on
the other; hand, a sudden and unusual
downpour of rain caused a, damaging
flood, particularly in the San JoaQUin
valley and around lios- Angeles Res
idents in ,, some sections were forced
to flee for their lives. ..Several deaths
resulted. With the- late heavy snow-;
fall in the east the danger of r s,pring
floods there is now a subject of some
fear. - ; ' ' : t ' ., ; '
and that oMer children shonild be pro
tected from over1 work and from haz
ardous occupations, r .. . . . ,, , v
Ten Years War ; Shows Need for National as Well as
State Law "States Rights Cannot Justify Children's
, . Wrongs. ' ' ' ; , ., ' -
..OWEM Ti LOVBJOT .......
. Isecretary 'National Child Ibor. .
i. .... - . . .Oommittee
- ( erosive ' Service TH M SURVEY
Press Bonaa.)
Jk. few months ago Justice McKenna
speaking for the Supreme Court of the
United States said ."It must be kept
in mind' that we axe one people and
the powers reserved to the states and
-those conferred on the nation atr
adapted to be exercise d, whether in-'
dependently or incmrrently to promote
the general welfare,, material and
In the interest of this general wel
fare both material and moral, the Na
tional Child Laibor Committee has been
leading forces fox ten years to abolish
the inhuman abases of child labor.
Evidence has been gathered and pub
lished showing little children in coal
mines, cotton mua, . irxut ana vegeia-ble-.
canneries.: oysteVrVpktngtttouseA
along the : Gulf Coast ,ie 'swatishops
of our great cities and the glass fac
tories of Pennsylvania, and the Middle
"West, - and the public has become
aronsed to realize that child -labor is
a national extravagance as well -jas .-
national disgrace. -? f d " -'viv
If 5 newspaper publicity and' denunV
dation from the . pulpit and platform
ecu-til ure fhla evil, it wosld already
na-ve-'Xdlsap-peared... Unfortunately
chil d - labor is not' -a'sectional abuse. It
exists wherever industries are of a nature-
to- make it immediatedly prof it
' able t? the employer.. Those who op
pose child labor--in; the abstract are
often 'quite as vigorous In favoring" or
condoning it in the concrete, ' ' , .
When It has ctfme to the real issue
the attempt to get effective state
laws enacted almost insuperbale dif
ficuitiea have been -encountered. ; The
indnstriee affected have always oppos
ed these measures on the ground that
such laws would handicap them in
competition with other states. This
objection has always been unfounded
because child labor is the most extrav
agant and wasteful ."kind of labor. Ad
vanced ' laws enacted in New York,
i Massachusetts or Ohio have been due
to Che intelligence o the people- rather
than to their virtue. The results of
such legislation have always" proven
its economic wisdom. ' Nevertheless
the opposition to child labor laws is
still duite as effective with many leg
islative committees, as -Chough it were
not "founded on a f alllacy.
When fairly good laws have been
secured In a given state the people of
that state are helpless to protect
themselrea from purchasing goods
produced by exploiters of young chil
dren iii neighboring states and shipped
into local markets. The states are
here-fore powerless1 except by improb
fLhle. : ioint and - simultaneous action
to effectively prohibit child labor.
The National Child Labor Oommit
, tee haa become convinced that the
only" way in which the evil can be ban
ished from America is by striking at
the privilege the exploiters of child
labor enjoy through the facilities of
fered, by inter-state- commerce.; .5 The
forces" opposed to "child labor now call
upon the federal ': government to ' for
bid such facilities tthese'Unfair, task
, masters. ' - ' " .- ; " , -.; r r -
There are those who contend that
the federal government is competent
as a political expression of the New
tonian theory a' mechanism" controll
ed by system of checks and balances.
This theory , has Beret been sound as
applieU to- government. It is prefer
able to accept the position so striking
ly annunciated by President Wilson Jn
his book "The New Freedom" "To
interpret ' the. constitution f " . the
constitution of . the- United States ac
cording to" the Iarwiniair principle
tihat a Nation Is a liying thing and
not a machine." , With . this point of
view the abuse of child labor may toe
approached in the terms expressed 4y
Justice Harlan of the' United States
Supreme Courtvin the United ' States
V. Ames. He said: "We should hesi
tate long efore adjudging that an- evil
of such appalling character, carried
on through interstate commerce, can
not be met ana crushed toy the only
power competent to that .end." - v- -.
i.A. .bijft eaJ-efnlly,.i drawn,- forbidding
the privileges , of. . interstate commerce
to manufactruring " eablishmerits ' ' in
which children under 14 years of age
axe employed or, in which, children
under 1 6 are compelled to work more
than eight hours a day or,durang the
night, or to mines and'- qjiarries . in
which childreh-underlie 'are -emiiiyy:e4
at any time, was presented to a num
ber of prominent lawyers and to state
and; federal conversant with the cus
tom and practice in these matters, and
finally placed in,the hands of Hon. A.
Mitchell Palmer of "Pennsylvania who
introduced the bill in the House of
Representatives on January 26 th, end
of Senator Robert Jj. Owen; of . Okla
noma, who dntrodfuced the bill , in the
senate on jeomary iisi.
Already a number of state and na
tional organizations have given , the
measure their endorsement, testifying
to their belief in the principle so em
phatically stated by Abraham Lincoln
that "The Union is older than the
states." It - is gratifying xto record
that the state child labor committee
first to endorse this bell men - under
the shadow of the capitol f the old
Confederacy in Richmond, , Virginia,
and toy unanimous vote endorsing the
bill struck a blow, at what President
Wilson' has appropriately called "'thafl
ancient doctrine" - of states i rights.
.Virginia thus leads the eta-tea. in de
claring -that states- rights cannot Jus
tify children's wrongs.
The bill p-rovides for a board com
posed of the secretary of commerce,
the secretary of labor and the attor
ney-general, ' who shall draft all rules
and- regulations, and gives power to
the secretary- -of laibor Co- make any
necessary investiB-a-taons. . The Bttan of
- administration links" -the federal gov
eminent with state officials and also
provides that any factory ' inspector,
'school attendance officer or any- other
-person may bring to the district at
torney any evxience of violations,
A number of - bills have been Intro-
d-uced on this subject, -but it is believ
ed that when all are considered to
gether by congressional committees,
the -Owen-Palmer Bill will toe regard
ed as advanced enough in standards to
be worth while, and simple enough to
toe enforceable.
, . It ih-as been introduced by. .democrats
but the'f rierads -of :'the measusre hope, it
will ' toe considered ' on - its' merits' re-
sraadless of party lines, by all who toe
lieve - that yoning oh-ildren should be
fca 3ta tisa. -wSm loolt uzMn onr reimblilc I free from the bunien ctf wage-eaiming,
Supreme Court Sets Aside-Judge-Wil-
' lianas'- Verdict. '
' e
Under the common law, a husband
might restrain his wife of -her liberty
and might chastise, her, tout it is now
as unlawful for him to beat or falsely
imprison her as for another to do so,
and he is amenable to the criminal
law for such an offence.'
" This statement is made toy the su
p rem e-eou rt in its decision in the case
of Elizabeth C Brown -aainst Thorn
as C. Brown, in which an error was
found in the decision of the lower
court. " The wife, In the action, seeks
to recover damages from her husband
for an assault and battery and f aJ3e
imprisonment. The complaint was de
murred o on the ground that, by rea
son of her coverture, the wife has no
cause of action against the husband
for the personal injuries alleged. .
(Speciai-Jto The Farmer.).
rerby,-: March 6 Papers were filed
w-ith the.''isecretary'!'of - state 'today for
the incorporation of the Eastern En
gineering. :& Construction Co., of this
pityi -"THe; incorporators -axe - Patrick
B. tytsuiiivani a well Known attorney
William-Jv Shaughnessy,; of Brooks and
and Berkshire -avenue, . Bridgeport,
now employed by. Max EHirrschmidt;
and Peter M.-Kennedy .of the Derby
Savings banlh The enterprise is capi-
tallzed'at $50,000. five hum d red shares
of common stock atv$ 100 each). The
paid in capital is ?4,000. :
.- Umberto Sorrentino, the eminent
Italian tenor, , is , spending a few days
witi friends in town. He has Just
returned from a concert tour through
New England. In" an interview with1
a representative of this paper Sorren
tino expressed himself as being pro
foundly interested in the future of
musicaf and , artistic 'development in
America. . He admitted that great ad
vances' had been made toward culti
vating a love of and appreciation for
good music, but suggested that much
greater things were in store for us.
"For," said he, "patriotism is not
yet sufficiently awakened in America.
The general musical spirit is not ade
quately developed. ' If, for Instance.
Instead of playing, singing, strum
ming and even utilizing the hand-organ
in . grinding out the "Melody in
F," "The Palms," "La Donna Mobile,"
or the "Sextette" from Lucia which
are hackneyed, tiresome "and passe.
the American public would familiarize
itself with the gems of composition of
the modern school, and also of its own
very excellent . composers, it would
profit exceedingly thereby.
"Take, as example, . the beautiful
opera "Mona,-"-.by Mr. Parker of your
"Vale University, or the splendid "Mad
eline," by Victor Herbert, or the schol
arly and extremely interesting "Cyra
no de. Bergerac" of Mr. Walter Dam-
rosch, and the work of . equally brilliant-composers
as Chadwiek, Regin
ald DeKoven and others. These are
permitted to languish from lack -of a
cultivated .Interest on the -part of the
American public : , . ,
"Now, positive musical genius" Sorf
rentino, waxing enthusiastic, "is not
at alt rare among American musicians
and composers. It is only a nation
al lack of appreciation of that genius
that is at ' fault. - During a recent
concert'- tour through - the West, aEd
stilli more recently through New Eng
land, I was entertained at the home?
of a number of prominent musicians,
who modestly played and . sang for
me some of their-own work. , In- De
troit, I listened with, delight to a two
act opera a -work of genuine artistic
merit -written by an American' "born
and bred. And Judge my. surprise
when.-ln Providence, R.1 L, I had the
great pleasure of meeting-- Mr. Jules
Jordan, an American wh tas grown
ful of all the arts who has spent the
best years of his life in fostering the
love of music in New England..
"He charmed and astonished me by
playing a threev-act opera typically
Italian in text, treatment, and scope
It is a work of such quality that no
living ' composer need be asftamed to
acknowledger it as his- own compost.
tlon, --".---. - . y
"But A mericans - generally are. too
volatile. . Tangoes,, and. turkey trots
absorb" tod much of their attention, to
the, exclusion of the best in music.
Now, if America had . more patron?
and supporters of music, like Otto
Hahn of New ' "Fork. Mr.V Jordan. - Of
soston, juts. mcuormacK or (Jhicago,
and men and women of that type, it
would be to-day the. world's musical
"For instance, the other night, X
heard Mr. John C. Freund, the editor
of "Musical ' America,, speak - at the
Musicians' Club in New York. I ven
ture to say that if Mr.' . Freund had
been an Italian subject he would In
recognition of his patriotic services
to the art of music- have 'been made
a "Commander of the Crown," or. at
least a 'Cavalier." For. . Mr. Freund's
contributions to J the . cause of music
and Its advancement in America are,
in essence" patriotic He has assist
ed everybody in the musical field
everybody that showed themselves tal
ented, or worthy of encouragement
Poor violinists, humble tenors,". Ger
man bassos, French sopranos, in fact,
everybody who' came ; to America,
willing to "fight for success; That
wonderful ' man," in his inspiring
speech, brought the tears- to" many
eyes. Mind you, Mr.- Freund has
worked forty years to build a musical
magazine that has protected, and pro
tects to-day, everybody that makes a
living through the divine art of sound.
"He said to his brilliant audience,
with the emotion of a father, 'I have
but a few years' to live These years
I -shall dedicate to . the -advance -of
music In America and to the devel
opment of the art in this beautiful
country. ' v
; "A man-, like Mr. .Freund . should
live forever, in order to assist in what
I might term the intensive cultivation
Boston, March 6 The . promotion of
agricultural - efficiency was the main
theme discussed at the annual meet
iris: of New England Federation for
Rural Progress today. One hundred
and thirty "organizations and agencies
were represented. Dr. Joseph L.
Hills, dean of the college of agricul
ture of the University of Vermont, Is
president of the federation.
The specific topics considered in
cluded the work of state agricultural
colleges .".and experiment stations,
shortage of farm laborers, the turning
of immigrants toward the country and
methods of marketing farm products.
i And you would never have the chance to buy these All "Wool
Hand. Tailored Suits and Overcoats at these prices, if we were not
in a position as makers of all the clothing we sell, to sacrifice pries
to affect a complete clearance before a full line of Spring clothing
arrives ; ' .
$25, $27 and
$20 and $22.50
Horrie of Rogers Clothes
of music We need "his spirit, wheth
er ve are Americans ,or not Ameri
cans." '
.; Mr. Sowentino said that the present
great need, of America is a National
Conservatory, and a chain of Munici
pal Opera Houses, entirely . indepen
dent of the great theatres where op
era is sung in French, "German and
Italian. . These English opera houses
should bet permanent institutions for
educating American singers--or- for
eign singers, who may be eager to ad
vantage themselves, of exceptional op
portunities for cultural, dramatic and
musical development. -; " C
"This propaganda," Mr. Sorrentino
concluded, "I shall lose' no opportun
ity to further. ;It Is very dear to my
heart." y ' . ."
Woman's Sample Shoe Parlor
Rejected, He Shoots Mrs. Gar
eiaj Then Commits
"! ' " Siiicide. "'' : t
New York, March 6 Mrs. Mabel Gar
cia, a' well-to-do - Cuban " and owner
of a cigar factory, was shot and kill
ed - in her home in' Park avenue today
by Victor Reynolds a young employe
of Iter's whose attentions she had re
jected. Reynolds committed suicide.
Washington, ' March, j 6. Conditions
and. -regulationiunder. which potatoes
are shipped during the winter months
have been. for years a subject of con
test between shlpipers and raib-oads.
The rux of the question was the cost
of such reasonable precautions as to
prevent loss through 'the -freezing of
the; -potatoes in transit. :
- The Interstate Commerce Commis
sion held, today' that tariff regulations
published by the raiiroads are' "fair
and reasonable"' which allow "the
shipper a choice (between shipping hia
traffic at a lower , rate under a spe
cial contract. toy which, he (becomes his
own insurer against weather loss and
damage or olf making his shipments
under terms imposing the fuM respon-sibd-ltty
upon the . carrier" at a. higher
state. . .-; - -. ; - -. i '-
Vienna Seventeen soldiers of the
Emperor's Rifle Regiment were over
whelmed and killed toy a- great ava
lanche while they were engaged in
maneuvers on the Ortler Mountain,
in the Tyrol. t
High Grade Footwear at Moderate ' Prices
We wish tq call your, attention to the new
' ' Gaby"- model for Spring in patent leather
' with black and gray whple quarters, kidney
heel and narrow plain toe, a regular $3 boot
- ?t 'Other styles in patent and gun metal
leathers, with Cuban heels and' medium toe
'at $2.85;-. ; ir'C.. ,.
Women's Rubbers
11 Sizes Special 7c
Woman's Sample Shoe
1115 MAIN ST.
Tel. 2218 : r'" '"
Columbia, S. C' March ft The au
thorities redouibled! their efforts today
to capture the bandit who aot night
held up. and "robbed the mail car on
the Southern ' Railway train ' No. 11,
from Charleston, Just as the train
reached Oohimtota, .'" . '"
. O. E Thmnas, the , mail'-clerk, couad
only describe the man as masteed and
about ' five feet ' eight Inches ta" ,
Boarding the train Just as it entr i
the city limits, the roiVber tiiyarWafni
revolver and ordered Thome to --. -1
-with hi face to the -welL Afterr tak
ing several -. sacks at register. -rrA.. ,
the toandi: Jtsnttped! off -the j-t-pir mrrr
time before it reached the ;Atn.
Until the record of the Chp-rlw.i --'s.
post offtoe oan.be eaaeanteed, it will
impossiibie to ascertain "the viue of
the paoteagers taken. 9
Reports from south Florida lf witr
that the vegetable crops were InJ-ir-'i
from 60 to 75 per cent, by the reoent
frost." -.
;. The Torrington correspondent of the
Waterbury Republican says:
. The first real boom t or Hon. Eoene
zer J. Hill, former congressman, of
Norwalk, for governor, was started
Monday night in Torrington in con
nection with the meeting of the Men's
club of the Center Congregational
church held at the edifice and ad
dressed by the ex-congressman, who
spoke on his trip to the Holy Iand.
Those in charge of the meeting had
arranged . for the presence at the
church of the heads of the various
foreign-speaking societies in Torring
ton, to whom Mr. Hill , was introduced.
This element was strongly represented
p.md'it'is'feaid'that Mr; :Haile candidacy
for the gubernatorial nomination was
given more than passing discussion.
Farmer Want Ads. One Cent a Word.
Soon the spring season will be with us. Within a few days, a week or a month you will be to1.?
a new spring suit. I have reason to appeal to your good judgment. First of all let there be no ?e"diaJ:
There is only one McAVOY STORE IN BRIDGEPORT, with absolutely no other Bridgeport connection,! rvalP H
men of Bridgeport to Imow that our methods of tailoring are clean straight forwardopen and ae afhv
When we advertise a suit to order for $12.50 we have an abundance for your selection. I want ltle,nJJ
$12.50 to put into a suit as well as the $20 man and let me emphasize the fact, that every suit of em would pass
muster at $18 to $20. . ,. . '..',. .-. . .
.1 could continuously make sale offerings of $18, $20, $25 suitings for $12.50. But why these sale effects? I
class my suitings so as to give 100 per cent. VALUE at all times. Around 15 to 20 dollars there is no place a man
can go and beat the clothing I have given the people of Bridgeport. There is a tremendous difference m clothes
the same as in other things. When you handle quality-in cloth it runs into money and whether you beueve n or
not I can assure you I have handled the best grades. -
' TAILORING Ours is not to be classed with the CHE AP slap together kind that is worse than the cheapest
ready made, in which the fronts will break before a month's wear. TAKE A TIP from McAvoy before placing your
order for a suit. Look well into the tailoring, inside workmanship as well as the material, linings, etc. ou wani
a suit to keep its shape, to be of shapely appearance during the life of the garment. Our methods are open Jor in
spection. You have my personal attention WHEN PUR CHASING WHEN FITTING YOUR GARM;nd Hj
but not least, the delivery of Garments. We do not permit you to accept garments unless you are THUHUUumf
WELL PLEASED WITH THEM. All garments are tried on in the ROUGH BASTE, which positively warrants you a
CORRECT Fitting. Garments made in our own workshop Union Made, which is a positive guarantee or a custom
made garment. - c "
go between to slight even the smallest detail. We tell our customers, if anything in error has escaped our notice
To prove the worth of our guarantee we are glad to see our make at any time during the year and keep it In
press free of charge. ASK YOUR NEIGHBOR. REM.
Correct Tailoring.
Open Evenings.

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