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THE FARMER: JANUARY 25, 1915
I BRIDGEPOR T E VENING FARMER
' , .'K (FOUNDED 1796.) ,
Published by Tbe Farmer Publishing: Co, 1 79 Fairfield Are, Bridgeport,
- y- .. v " . - Conn. '
'.raoNE fdsaafc rooms
120. : 3BSS& ' 1287.
' FOREIGS BEPRESENTAHVES
.Bryant, GfUnth Jk Fredericks, Neir' Twk, Boston and'CUcaco.
.- ; .
MONDAY,' JAN. 25, 1915.
ROGERS AND THE 1 WHITE, SLAVE LAW
r-rpMlE STATUTE invoked against Lorlys Elton Rogers was
JL framed to meet the cases of cadets who make a biisi
nes' of luring young women into a life .of, shame. , But the lan
guage -of the law covers completely a case in which & man "in
duces a woman to live with him for immoral purposes" ;
Rogers is a married man. The unfortunate woman, whose
criminal act. in poisoning her children precipitated the scandal
is a' married, woman. ' " '; -, - ' ' -. " ' . '' "' '
V From ' immemorial times the law has named: this an of
fense and prescribed a" punishment for it. ; :t. ;':"'A'
i The punishment is usually not more than five years, in
the penitentiary. The punishment under the white : slave act
may be as much as, twenty years, which maybe the -reason the
district attorney prefers it. " x - ' ;
'- RKCDIONG A MEDIEVAL CUSTOM
kHE- MIDDLESEX "COUNTY- authorities in the State " of
; New Jersey, appear to knowtheir business. They have
brought about the indictment for murder of the 31 deputies
who fired on workers in .Roosevelt, the other, day, wound
ing many and killing: two. These men, some of them persons
: of the lowest-type, had been charged with manslaughter and
r released on bail. .' Thereupon Sheriff Houghton, , sent them
back to duty, an" action of so gross a nature that it ought to'
lead to his removal from office. .
, Something mut ultimately be done to stop private persons
from employing armed guards, private armies, or corps of gun-
men. The policing- of labor disputes should be entirely a pub
'. lie, function, paid for by the public
? The siinatipn now prevailing -is .discouraging to industrial
tpooua, ouu uuv uovuiouio inrcuuctu uouwijr x vj.xiz.ovlj.uix.
". 1 " TEC .TESTS ICIVY OF. A GREAT CTTLZEN
i TT IT ENRY FORD'S "TESTIMONY before "the United States In-
, m. -iL dustrial Commission, should be pondered by every
American. He believes that men cannot dov laborious labor for
more than 'eight hours . a day, and benefit themselves,, or the
; staia-in a suitable' degree. - He believes that current rates of
wages are insufficient to upport the workers. . He has a full
appreciation of the eff ect of poverty in . promoting intempe r-
ance and knows by experience how '.decent comfort promotes
morality. In tho Ford-plant, sinee the higher wage went into
effect, temperance has. increased, thrift has increased, and so
has efficiency, k ffi3 employes include many cripples, and 150
convicts, all of whom are leadrnc good and useful lives.
' - - In considering what Mr. Ford has done, let it be remember
ed- that'.he does -not control' an article upon which .there is a
monopoly:. : :He is in the automobile .business; inr which com
petition is perhaps stronger than in any other manufacturing
proposition whatever. In the beginmng Mr. Ford had to fight
and defeat a powerful organization of automobile makers, who
claimed to control, the basic patent by .which the industry was
i This great business man puts his finger upon the great blot
in the American business system: oveivcapitalization, by which
more, injury has been done to industry than, by any other single
MR. LULL'S REPLY
T T R- HiLL'S ANSWER to the protest against his election
1VJ. is an instructive document, and serves at'least to show
part of the reason why these proceedings, will be useful to Con
necticut.' ' . ' 1 ' ;
; Mr. lill, in .defending his own campaign : - contributions,
asserts that two private corporations made contributions to the
Democratic- fund in Bridgeport. This has nothing to do with
the matters" between . himself and Mr. Donovan, and must be
construed as a warning that Hill'wilL pull down the pillars of
the temple; if it becomes necessary for his defense. ' ---
- The answer' also says, that an intimate friend of., Mr. Don
ovan's expended more money in the election, . than he should
have expended, running' on the same, ticket.
. Again ithe purpose appears to be . one 'of retaliation; for
what Mr. Donovan s frierds did, unless they did it for. himj
has nothing to do with the case. , ,
mi. i ... ,. i.: ...i .ii. c . N . -
me laci, nowever, auouk me uorrupi iracuces Act , in
Connecticut is that almost everybody in politics ignores it, or
some part of, it. The relation of politicians to this act cannot
be probed without - finding "the most astonishing departures
from the rules laid down by the law.fti-::A''v;;.;';yW;'V':''5
. It is time for everybody connected with politics to learn
that this law has teeth an it,.before a day comes when somebody
will desire to enforce its provisions in bitter earnest. If that
time comes,' and conditions are as they are now, it will be a
disastrous time for a great many persons.
Mr. HOI realleges against Mr. Donovan, the charge ori
ginally made by the Hartford Courant, that Donovan had ex
ceeded by a: few dollars, the aniount-he was permitted to ex
pend under the law, though he might have expended the addi
tional sum, and more, had he appointed a nolitical agent.
v ' It will be seen that such failure is in the nature of a tech
nical departure from the provisions of ; the law.. But the con
trary claim, that something like $10,000 was collected,: mainly
from officers of corporations, and used in the campaign ta aid
Mr. - Hill's election, is not a statement of a technical matter.
but of a very serious matter, for with $10,000 much may be
done to influence the course of an election in a single, county
especially wnen it supplements other large sums.
; Mr. Hill either intends to invite an . investigation of al
the election expenses in Connecticut, or he intends his refer
ences to certain cases as-an inference that. they may be inves
tigated. ' "
Mr. Donovan will jprobably give Mr. Hill all the assistance
in his power for this purpose. Nothing but good could come
of such an inquiry. It would show great neglect of law, upon
both sides. It would show, exactly what beconaes of the money
contributed to campaign funds, how much is legitimately ex
pended, and how much is used to buy votes, or influence.
The result of such ! an inquiry would be ' wholesome and
healthy. It wouldn't-help the past ; much, but it would give
wonderful guarantee for improvement in the future.
TAKING THE WAR TO NON-COMBATANTS
HERE IS NO sound basis for the assumption so frequents
Iv-eXDressed., that, f h'o in sHin atfnnks . nn Kni?lish
towns, and the marine bombardment' of -others; are'; without
military objective, because they were not directed specifically
against fortified places. - ;
On the contrary, there is reason to believe that these at
tacks have a remarkably strong military objective. The Ger
mans no doubt expect the English mind to operate after this
fashion.' , . ' . - r " - '
'The German fleet has been to our, coast once. It may
eome again. Perhaps the Germans may land troops on Our
shores. - The German air ships have been here once.'- x They
may, come again,' even" many times, and more , of them. We
must take adequate precautions." ,
( ; Taking adequate precautions must consist in keeping
many men at home, who would otherwise be sent to the con
tinent, to ocCiipy the firing line. v , , ! '
Suppose that Germany, by these tactics, has actually suc
ceeded in keeping 500,000 men' in England, or ; even 100 ,000j
who would otherwise have been taken across the channel ." ;
To attain such a result the German's have up to this time
employed little force, and sacrificed but a few-lives.- In this
view of the case; the air 'ship bombardments may be regarded
as humane warfare. . -
Assuming that -Germany's theory of war is that it, will
end soonest, if the non-combatant population can be made to
understand how frightful war is, then again the air ship raids
may be justifiable, and even humane. 1 . v
. It is mere maudlin nonsense to assume that a particular
method of war is more barbarous than some other methods,
because it involves the slaughter ' of some non-combatants,
even though jsome of these may be women and babies. , J
Such means become barbarous only when they , are wan
ton, and inflicted without purpose- or object. , '
War constantly destroys women and children. Upth must
die by the hundreds of thousands as a result of this fighting
which is going on, as mark the 1,300 cases of typhoid in Sen-
lis, which is merely. one small community. :.
Whether a baby is quickly killed by a bomn, or slowly
starved to death, because, its mother has no milk," is of-, little
choice. Nothing will ever be gained in the direction of stop
ping war, unless the real damage of it is seized and appreciated.
Not one thing in war is more narnarous tnan any ouier. n is
all barbarous j unspeakable, agonizing 1 and indefensible. The
Germans are neither more nor less barbarous than all, others
who make war.-. . , -
It may appear before the end . of. a decade, that the Ger
man method is. more humane.; It airships are to be . concom
itants of war; then bombs will be dropped from them, and those
bombs will fall vpon non-combatant populations. Thus hon-
rnmbatants. those persons who ordinarily do pot go to war,
may display a livlier opposition in days to come, to; anybody
going to war at all; because oi airsnips ana me oomns iney
drop. , ' , v ' - .
UNITED STATES MAY GET OPTION:
ON INTER-OCEANIC CANAL ROUTE
THROUGH DIPLOMATIC TREATY
NegotiaUons Begun With Costa Rica, Supplementary To Pact
WTith Nicaragua, Now Before Senate Liberal Price VVill
Be Paid For Concessions. - , -
FOR WHIST OF THE
CHILDREN OF MARY
Many Parishioners' : of Sacred
Heart Church to Help
. LJndertaking. ., -
Plana for , the whist to ibe held :Wed-
nesday evening- in . C!olonial hall ty
the Children . of, Mary of the Sacred
Heart hjirch ' liave toeen made upon
an elaborate iscale. It is -expected that
the. usual capacity attendance will In
sure the success of the enterprise.
Committees of the whist -have toeen ,
selected as follows: .
deception committee: . Dr. : Farina--
gan, lr. Curley, Er. Monaban, Ir.!
Murray Johnson, Iri Curran, Dr. F.
E. Sullivan, Pi McG-loug-hlin, William
Lee, James Mahoney, William Gran-
ley, M,,Dargan, James Dunn, William
Hurley, ' Joeeph Waters, ; SJllerd Ha
phy, . Williana Eailly, Charles 0"NU,
John T. Kingr, Owen IJht, Richard
tree, R. Wlhalen, Jr., Daniel Mahoney,
Frank Unehan, Rot)ert Kelly, J. Buclc
ley, Mr. Mercer, H. Cotter, Paul , Ma-
loney, Gteorg-e Day, Bert ard, . Brooks,
Jerome Murphy, John Moran, Peter
Boyle,1 Edward Morris, Dennis Buck
ley, Albert Lapke, James Moran, Ed
ward Donahue, William Buckley,
Thomas Buckley, Peter Clarice, Louis
Doerr, . Robert Rock, Axidrew Casserly,
Ieo Linehan, Richard Gay. -
wcorers: .- Anea xsraay, jane uay,
May . Davidson, Jane Donovan, ; Jane
Galvin, .Margaret Hurley, Loretta Hur
ley, Harriet Keefe, Mary Kiely, -Atobie
Larkin, Florence McGuire, Mollie ljud
dy, Mary Ieavy, Catherine Mahoney,
Anna .MoKelvey, Harriet Flrtnell, An
na Moran, Loretta Muldoon, UVancea
Kelly, Jane .Dargan, Nellie Donovan.
Abbie Fitapatrick, Ruby Co'rbit, Ther
esa Cl?rien, Nellie Leavy, Alice' Line
han; Julia Maloney, ' Catherine . A.
O'Brien,' - Anna " Skane, Helen. Ward,'
tatia White,. Monica Donahue, 'Sadie
G-lancy, Lucy Glancy, .Mary Lavin,
May Skane, Mary Day, Julia Day,
May - Condon; Marg-aret "Oill," Esther
Bonan, Rosanna Brady, Elsie Com
panna, Susan Byrne,. Catherine Daly,
Elizabeth Dsirgaji, Catherine English.
J ane A- Dargan, Rosemary - Hanrahan,
Maoei Clarke, Anna Ijavin, Helen. Xjin-
ehan, Mary Lucy. Gertrude McCarthy.
Rose .McCarthy, Margaret Moran, Mar-
garet Oullen, Isaibelle Rice, Catherine
McHugn, Ijolo Tyrell, Hannah Bir
mingham, Helen McCall, Agnes Col
lins, Anna Boyle, May Koedam, Julia
Donovan,' Margaret Martin. -
Refreshment committee: Mrs. Kee-
ga.n, , Mrs. Feeley, Catherine Flaherty,
Catherine .- Hennessy, Sadie . O'Brien,
Jane Fenlck,- Mary Galvin, Jane Tay
lor,: Frances Walsh. Theresa, Kerwin.
Catherine Flynn,- Mary Morgan, Marie
Jttearaon, Margaret Brennan, Mary
Forest, iMary Karrigan, Helen Quin
livan, Mary Carrigran. Brida-et Gouarh.
iviwry itjougn, JMellie McCarthy Mary;
oane iwiroa, uatnenne Flynn,'
Catherine Nolan, i Mary iSpeer, Mar
garet Buckley, Mary Smith, Anna Mul
ligan, Lulu Troy, Mary Condon. Eliza
beth CJallahan; . Angelus Companna,
Winifred Ward. x . ,
Washington, Jan. 25 The Latin-
American diplomatic corps manifest
ed a deep interest today In the an
nouncement that the United States
government had -begun to negotiate
a new treaty with Costa xtica sup
plementary to the pact with Nicara
gua now pending In the United States
Senate by which an option in a nin-ter-oceanic
canal route Is sought for
this government as " well, as a naval
base in the Bay of Fonseca.
Wlth the idea of improving-its re
lations with the Central ..American
Republics,; the United States govern
ment intends also - to treat liberally
with Honduras end Salvador ,f or their
rights' in the Bay of Fonseoai Secre
tary Bryan also may ' stop in these
countries for an official -visit on ms
return from the opening of the Pan
ama Canal In March.
No price has as .yet been determ
ined upon as compensation for an op
tion on Costa Rica's rights in . the
canal route. - ;
The rights of Costa Rice in the
River San Juan "which. . formal a part
of the proposed canal route end is
the natural boundary .between that
country and Nicaragua, has for some
time 'been the basis of protest against
the'' pending treaty recently reported
favorably to the Senate. , It reach
ed its climax when , the treaty with
Nicaragua was first . proposed. In the
Taf t and later in , the Wilson ' admin
istrations. " Costa' Rica protested that
Nicaragua had not lived , up to 'its
'boundary agreement not. to negotiate
for -the sale of the canal route with
out consulting .her. Costa Rica also
insisted that; the United States should
Consider the fact that - the river was
, the joint property of Nicaragua and
Costa Rica, with many of its trtbutar-i
ies lying in Costa Rica. - ; " -
; Honduras' and Salvador, who claim
rights in the Bay of Fonseca ' had
proposed because the sale of the Bay
is ' provided for under the . pending
treaty between the United States and
Nicaragua, -without recognizing that
the '. waters of the bay touch-their
shores as well as Nicaragua.
General Sir ;' Horace Lockwood
Smith-Dorrien, who was I appointed
this month to the command of the
second of the six nw British armies,
is a warrior of long experience and
a reputation for bravery and military
knowledge, He is f.fty-six years old,
and during his nearly forty years of
aviTiy service he has fjuglit in many
of Great Britain's 'mtle wars," aa
well as in the South African conflict.
He covered the Sherwood Foresters
in 1876, and three ears later wo a.
his iirst of many distinctions in the
Zulu war. The t Egyptian war give
him his next experienfe of fighting
ar.il then took . part in the Soudan
campaign of twenty years ago. , After
this he spent many years in India,
serving with the Chitral relief force
and in the Tirah , campaign on the
wrthwfst frontier of Ind'a. in th
Eoer XiBi, as a raajjr -general, he
commanded the Tlne'eenth brigaae.
The Royal Canadian regiment was for
a time a part of Gen. Smith-Dorrien's
command, and he paid a high tribute
tothe gallantry and ability of the war
riors from America. In one .of his
reports he declared that the Cana
dians had "achieved a record of
which any infantry might be prouJ."
He added: "It has taken part in the
capture of ten towns, - fought in ten
general actions, aim on twenty seven
other days." n the present war Gen.
Smith-Dorrien has distinguished him
self on several occasions, j He won
the honor of knighthood in 1904, was
promoted to lieutenant-general in
1906, and more xecently to The rank
of general. He was in command it
the Aldershot lor tome years prior to
the entrance of Europe Into the EuT-j-pean
The Toledo News-Bee was fined $7,
600, and the editor, N. D. Cochran,
$200, by Judge Killits, of the United
States District Court . there The
charge was Contempt growing out of
comiaemts on Judge 'Killits" conduct
in a ease-
. .While all , the world has looked and
shuddered at the great conflict in Eu
rope, one man has found in it a pos
sible solution for international differ
ences, which will make war impossi
ble in the future, or at least was as
we have known it. . - -
. A. member of the Pilgrim Publicity
Association,-' John W, Withington, is
the one who is being talked of is the
Man With the Idea which , will do
away with wars and terrors of ware,
v: Pilgrim Withington proposes that
a suitable place shall be provided by
the nations of the world, to be called
War Island. It shall be situated in
the ocean, far from the' nearest shore
and as nearly as possible equally ac
cessible to all nations. 'Here all un
avoidable combats shall take place.
In the ' present crisis, he proposes
that this island shall be staked off
immediately into sections and that a
force -of men from each of the 'belig-:
erentv nations, the numbers to be In
proportion to the population of each
country, be assigned -positions on the
firing line. The armies raised shall
be from the Jails and penitentiaries
of the warring -nations, and so far as
possible from the most . hardened
criminals therein. Military experts
representing each contingent shall be
on the side lines. "Then," says With
ington, "Let them go at it!"
They shall occupy the same stra
tegic positions that are at present
held "by the ibeligerents. Give them
all arms in abundance, and provide
good food and proper shelter make
their murderous, work as comfortable
When the combat is over, let the
Diplomats get together and appor
tion the spoils.
Withington claims this will result
beneficially in three ways: It will
reduce the present great economic
waste; it will depopulate the jails,
and will do away with all suffering
Fanner Want Ads. Ono Cent a Word.
POLISH PEOPLE TO
' WAGE CAMPAIGN FOR
A campaign for- the starving people
in Poland Is being v carried on in
Bridgeport where over a score of local
girls are to be seen upon the street
daily with the flags of both nations
and , contribution boxes to receive the
donations or those whose sympathy
and interest goes out to the far away
country where thousands upon thou
sands are said ,'to be homeless and
starving in the face of a "rigid win
ter. : A similar fund campaign is be
ing waged all .througout this country
with headquarters in Chicago. It Is
believed that nearly $2,000 will be se
cured In Bridgeport and it is honed
that even more may be realized.
Among those on the committees in
charge ! of the local campaign are:
I Francis Okleyeurez, president of the
United, Group of the Polish - National
Alliance ; Carol Baron, representative
of Polish Citizens' club; Joseph Ren
kag, secretary of the Unite Groups
of the. Polish National alliance In Con
necticut; Anton Rutkowski, of the Po
lish Falcon association; Karol Wit
kicure2, secretary of Camp 315, Po
lish National alliance; Adam. Golisz,
of Camp 820, Polish National alliance ;
Frank Nowak, of Camp .315, Polish
National alliance; Mrs. S. Okleyewicz,
of Camp 315, Polish National alliance;
Mrs. Wahler, of Polish Woman's al
liance; i Mrs; W. Krulikowsky, !amp
67, Polish Woman's "alliance; Mrs. S.
Kwiatkowska, bf the Polish Sokol.
The Inspector of Police of Mexico
arrested- Isidro Cortes, who is ac
cused of firing the first shot at Gus
tavo Madero, brother of former-President
Madero, who was killed Feb' 18,
Established . 1857
First Showing of Redfern Corsets
The Spring Models. f
Dead t winter ! ' Kignx
now when there seems to
be a dearth - of pretty j
things in the wardrobe,
comes a splendid showing
of the new Redfern Cor
set models, the first show
ing too. On their way to
New Yorkt they tarry at;
Re ad 's . for a ' "few days,
where they may be seeii
by Bridgepbrt Avomen,'
who certainly will be ap
preciative of seeing those
lovely Corsets in advance.-'
of the women of other,
cities. ; "
Th& Redfena this year;;
as in past seasons, is ex
pressive of ease and com
fort. The quality is be- ;
yond comment. . We be- '
speak for these new Iled
ferns a cordial, welcome.
Curtains1 Nottingham and Pvuff led Muslins
. much , under original prices.
Nottinghairis in. two, thee and four pair lots, a very
good chance to freshen up a set of windows and change a
room until spring. .
, $1.00', - ' .;
' 1.25. .
,$2.00 V N
N ' ' , $3.00 .
Ruffled Muslins, white with colored borders and vci v
attractive for bedrooms, were $1.50 now CO cts
5 : ,Tapestry Portieres '
In plain colors, .
Were $6.00 , . now $4.C0 ' Were $ 9.00
Were $7.00 now ' $5.00 . Wee $12.00
Burlap Pillow Slips, green, brown and redv. ;
. ' - were 50,
in mim mum witcnwm'iiywiwii',',i
Ourtains that were
now .70 jii
, now $2.73
BUY NOW AND
1126 MAIN STREET
for ,39 cts
At the Art Section .
' Many interesting ithingsi for- the needlewoman ana
home decorator. Linen Scarves and Pillow Slips of brown
crash, stenciled, some braided, others ready for the needle.
Pillow Tops of cash, . ' were 50 cts now 25 , cts
Silk Bags for work, - " - were $l.'2-.' now 50 cts
Brass Whisk Holders, - . were 50 . cts now ,10 ct3
, Towels, Centers and Doilies. , "
..('"' , - - - - ' Third floor.
Undermuslins, a number of desirable
pieces remainirig from the sale.
Long; Petticoats,' embroidery trimmed, 36 to 42 incheu
long, were $1.00, t. , now 50 cts
Plain tucked ruffled, 40 and 42 inches j now 50 cts
Fitted Lace-trimmed Covers, sizes 36, 38, 40 and 42, were
50 cts,. ' '. ' ? ' now 5 cts
i ; Cover-all Aprons
Large sleeved Aprons of gingham and percale, could be
worn in summer for hous eor morning di'esseSj were
75 cts, N , , now CO cts
; ; ' , Children's Wear -
Middy Blouses, for ag"es 6, 8, 10, and 12 vears, were. $1.00,
'. ' $1.25 and $1.50. ; ' ' .
Blouses for misses, 14, 16 and IS years,
v 75 cts to close out !
Children's Muslin Drawers with plain tucked ruffles, for
v ages 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 years, were 25. cts,
now 13 cts, 2 prs. for 25 cts
. .-. " ' . , ' ..Second iloor.
The D. M. Pead Company.
YldJ 'fJ wr"- -r-!--
FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE
nnTrn a nri ft r TT! CAR FAKES TO OCR USTOMICRS
CO-OXJlJS.i4.AX V PKOFIT SQiiUKa WITH OOB EMPLOTEES
This is a lot of splendid
quality books from our
Large Lot Five Cent
C O M P OS I TIO N
With Coupon -
2c r' r
wholesale department that
have' the paper wrappers
pulled off, but the books are
perfect. , Another before in
ventory close out.
A Trip to a BVxpeign ,Ijand.
To Bermuda, the "Garden Spot of
the World famed for its wonderful
climate and exquisite scenery. . The
fare includes first class passage in
both directions, meals,, staterooms
and all privileges, by the largest, fast
est and finest twin screw mail steam
ers. The steamers are equipped with
private baths, gymnasiums, electric
fans, wireless telegraphy, bilge .keels,
submarine signals, and every modern
improvement.' Take ' advantage of
this unusual opportunity. Call on us
for circulars and further particulars.
S.- Loewith, &;,Co.. 116 Bank street.
Telephone 3. Adv.
Rosilo, the Cuban aviator who
proposed, to fiy over the British
cruiser off the harbor of Havana,
and drop newspapers, was informed
zy th' British Legation there that he
would be fired on by the cruiser.