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THE FARMER: JANUARY 25, 1915 I BRIDGEPOR T E VENING FARMER ' , .'K (FOUNDED 1796.) , Published by Tbe Farmer Publishing: Co, 1 79 Fairfield Are, Bridgeport, - y- .. v " . - Conn. ' '.raoNE fdsaafc rooms 120. : 3BSS& ' 1287. ' FOREIGS BEPRESENTAHVES .Bryant, GfUnth Jk Fredericks, Neir' Twk, Boston and'CUcaco. V .- ; . MONDAY,' JAN. 25, 1915. ROGERS AND THE 1 WHITE, SLAVE LAW r-rpMlE STATUTE invoked against Lorlys Elton Rogers was JL framed to meet the cases of cadets who make a biisi nes' of luring young women into a life .of, shame. , But the lan guage -of the law covers completely a case in which & man "in duces a woman to live with him for immoral purposes" ; Rogers is a married man. The unfortunate woman, whose criminal act. in poisoning her children precipitated the scandal is a' married, woman. ' " '; -, - ' ' -. " ' . '' "' ' V From ' immemorial times the law has named: this an of fense and prescribed a" punishment for it. ; :t. ;':"'A' i The punishment is usually not more than five years, in the penitentiary. The punishment under the white : slave act may be as much as, twenty years, which maybe the -reason the district attorney prefers it. " x - ' ; '- RKCDIONG A MEDIEVAL CUSTOM I: kHE- MIDDLESEX "COUNTY- authorities in the State " of ; New Jersey, appear to knowtheir business. They have brought about the indictment for murder of the 31 deputies who fired on workers in .Roosevelt, the other, day, wound ing many and killing: two. These men, some of them persons : of the lowest-type, had been charged with manslaughter and r released on bail. .' Thereupon Sheriff Houghton, , sent them back to duty, an" action of so gross a nature that it ought to' lead to his removal from office. . , Something mut ultimately be done to stop private persons from employing armed guards, private armies, or corps of gun- men. The policing- of labor disputes should be entirely a pub '. lie, function, paid for by the public ? The siinatipn now prevailing -is .discouraging to industrial tpooua, ouu uuv uovuiouio inrcuuctu uouwijr x vj.xiz.ovlj.uix. ". 1 " TEC .TESTS ICIVY OF. A GREAT CTTLZEN i TT IT ENRY FORD'S "TESTIMONY before "the United States In- , m. -iL dustrial Commission, should be pondered by every American. He believes that men cannot dov laborious labor for more than 'eight hours . a day, and benefit themselves,, or the ; staia-in a suitable' degree. - He believes that current rates of wages are insufficient to upport the workers. . He has a full appreciation of the eff ect of poverty in . promoting intempe r- ance and knows by experience how '.decent comfort promotes morality. In tho Ford-plant, sinee the higher wage went into effect, temperance has. increased, thrift has increased, and so has efficiency, k ffi3 employes include many cripples, and 150 convicts, all of whom are leadrnc good and useful lives. ' - - In considering what Mr. Ford has done, let it be remember ed- that'.he does -not control' an article upon which .there is a monopoly:. : :He is in the automobile .business; inr which com petition is perhaps stronger than in any other manufacturing proposition whatever. In the beginmng Mr. Ford had to fight and defeat a powerful organization of automobile makers, who claimed to control, the basic patent by .which the industry was possible.,' , i This great business man puts his finger upon the great blot in the American business system: oveivcapitalization, by which more, injury has been done to industry than, by any other single MR. LULL'S REPLY T T R- HiLL'S ANSWER to the protest against his election 1VJ. is an instructive document, and serves at'least to show part of the reason why these proceedings, will be useful to Con necticut.' ' . ' 1 ' ; ; Mr. lill, in .defending his own campaign : - contributions, asserts that two private corporations made contributions to the Democratic- fund in Bridgeport. This has nothing to do with the matters" between . himself and Mr. Donovan, and must be construed as a warning that Hill'wilL pull down the pillars of the temple; if it becomes necessary for his defense. ' --- - The answer' also says, that an intimate friend of., Mr. Don ovan's expended more money in the election, . than he should have expended, running' on the same, ticket. . Again ithe purpose appears to be . one 'of retaliation; for what Mr. Donovan s frierds did, unless they did it for. himj has nothing to do with the case. , , mi. i ... ,. i.: ...i .ii. c . N . - me laci, nowever, auouk me uorrupi iracuces Act , in Connecticut is that almost everybody in politics ignores it, or some part of, it. The relation of politicians to this act cannot be probed without - finding "the most astonishing departures from the rules laid down by the law.fti-::A''v;;.;';yW;'V':''5 . It is time for everybody connected with politics to learn that this law has teeth an it,.before a day comes when somebody will desire to enforce its provisions in bitter earnest. If that time comes,' and conditions are as they are now, it will be a disastrous time for a great many persons. Mr. HOI realleges against Mr. Donovan, the charge ori ginally made by the Hartford Courant, that Donovan had ex ceeded by a: few dollars, the aniount-he was permitted to ex pend under the law, though he might have expended the addi tional sum, and more, had he appointed a nolitical agent. v ' It will be seen that such failure is in the nature of a tech nical departure from the provisions of ; the law.. But the con trary claim, that something like $10,000 was collected,: mainly from officers of corporations, and used in the campaign ta aid Mr. - Hill's election, is not a statement of a technical matter. but of a very serious matter, for with $10,000 much may be done to influence the course of an election in a single, county especially wnen it supplements other large sums. ; Mr. Hill either intends to invite an . investigation of al the election expenses in Connecticut, or he intends his refer ences to certain cases as-an inference that. they may be inves tigated. ' " Mr. Donovan will jprobably give Mr. Hill all the assistance in his power for this purpose. Nothing but good could come of such an inquiry. It would show great neglect of law, upon both sides. It would show, exactly what beconaes of the money contributed to campaign funds, how much is legitimately ex pended, and how much is used to buy votes, or influence. The result of such ! an inquiry would be ' wholesome and healthy. It wouldn't-help the past ; much, but it would give wonderful guarantee for improvement in the future. TAKING THE WAR TO NON-COMBATANTS HERE IS NO sound basis for the assumption so frequents Iv-eXDressed., that, f h'o in sHin atfnnks . nn Kni?lish towns, and the marine bombardment' of -others; are'; without military objective, because they were not directed specifically against fortified places. - ; On the contrary, there is reason to believe that these at tacks have a remarkably strong military objective. The Ger mans no doubt expect the English mind to operate after this fashion.' , . ' . - r " - ' 'The German fleet has been to our, coast once. It may eome again. Perhaps the Germans may land troops on Our shores. - The German air ships have been here once.'- x They may, come again,' even" many times, and more , of them. We must take adequate precautions." , ( ; Taking adequate precautions must consist in keeping many men at home, who would otherwise be sent to the con tinent, to ocCiipy the firing line. v , , ! ' Suppose that Germany, by these tactics, has actually suc ceeded in keeping 500,000 men' in England, or ; even 100 ,000j who would otherwise have been taken across the channel ." ; To attain such a result the German's have up to this time employed little force, and sacrificed but a few-lives.- In this view of the case; the air 'ship bombardments may be regarded as humane warfare. . - Assuming that -Germany's theory of war is that it, will end soonest, if the non-combatant population can be made to understand how frightful war is, then again the air ship raids may be justifiable, and even humane. 1 . v . It is mere maudlin nonsense to assume that a particular method of war is more barbarous than some other methods, because it involves the slaughter ' of some non-combatants, even though jsome of these may be women and babies. , J Such means become barbarous only when they , are wan ton, and inflicted without purpose- or object. , ' War constantly destroys women and children. Upth must die by the hundreds of thousands as a result of this fighting which is going on, as mark the 1,300 cases of typhoid in Sen- lis, which is merely. one small community. :. Whether a baby is quickly killed by a bomn, or slowly starved to death, because, its mother has no milk," is of-, little choice. Nothing will ever be gained in the direction of stop ping war, unless the real damage of it is seized and appreciated. Not one thing in war is more narnarous tnan any ouier. n is all barbarous j unspeakable, agonizing 1 and indefensible. The Germans are neither more nor less barbarous than all, others who make war.-. . , - It may appear before the end . of. a decade, that the Ger man method is. more humane.; It airships are to be . concom itants of war; then bombs will be dropped from them, and those bombs will fall vpon non-combatant populations. Thus hon- rnmbatants. those persons who ordinarily do pot go to war, may display a livlier opposition in days to come, to; anybody going to war at all; because oi airsnips ana me oomns iney drop. , ' , v ' - . UNITED STATES MAY GET OPTION: ON INTER-OCEANIC CANAL ROUTE THROUGH DIPLOMATIC TREATY NegotiaUons Begun With Costa Rica, Supplementary To Pact WTith Nicaragua, Now Before Senate Liberal Price VVill Be Paid For Concessions. - , - EXTEHSIVE PLANS FOR WHIST OF THE CHILDREN OF MARY Many Parishioners' : of Sacred Heart Church to Help . LJndertaking. ., - Plana for , the whist to ibe held :Wed- nesday evening- in . C!olonial hall ty the Children . of, Mary of the Sacred Heart hjirch ' liave toeen made upon an elaborate iscale. It is -expected that the. usual capacity attendance will In sure the success of the enterprise. Committees of the whist -have toeen , selected as follows: . deception committee: . Dr. : Farina-- gan, lr. Curley, Er. Monaban, Ir.! Murray Johnson, Iri Curran, Dr. F. E. Sullivan, Pi McG-loug-hlin, William Lee, James Mahoney, William Gran- ley, M,,Dargan, James Dunn, William Hurley, ' Joeeph Waters, ; SJllerd Ha phy, . Williana Eailly, Charles 0"NU, John T. Kingr, Owen IJht, Richard tree, R. Wlhalen, Jr., Daniel Mahoney, Frank Unehan, Rot)ert Kelly, J. Buclc ley, Mr. Mercer, H. Cotter, Paul , Ma- loney, Gteorg-e Day, Bert ard, . Brooks, Jerome Murphy, John Moran, Peter Boyle,1 Edward Morris, Dennis Buck ley, Albert Lapke, James Moran, Ed ward Donahue, William Buckley, Thomas Buckley, Peter Clarice, Louis Doerr, . Robert Rock, Axidrew Casserly, Ieo Linehan, Richard Gay. - wcorers: .- Anea xsraay, jane uay, May . Davidson, Jane Donovan, ; Jane Galvin, .Margaret Hurley, Loretta Hur ley, Harriet Keefe, Mary Kiely, -Atobie Larkin, Florence McGuire, Mollie ljud dy, Mary Ieavy, Catherine Mahoney, Anna .MoKelvey, Harriet Flrtnell, An na Moran, Loretta Muldoon, UVancea Kelly, Jane .Dargan, Nellie Donovan. Abbie Fitapatrick, Ruby Co'rbit, Ther esa Cl?rien, Nellie Leavy, Alice' Line han; Julia Maloney, ' Catherine . A. O'Brien,' - Anna " Skane, Helen. Ward,' tatia White,. Monica Donahue, 'Sadie G-lancy, Lucy Glancy, .Mary Lavin, May Skane, Mary Day, Julia Day, May - Condon; Marg-aret "Oill," Esther Bonan, Rosanna Brady, Elsie Com panna, Susan Byrne,. Catherine Daly, Elizabeth Dsirgaji, Catherine English. J ane A- Dargan, Rosemary - Hanrahan, Maoei Clarke, Anna Ijavin, Helen. Xjin- ehan, Mary Lucy. Gertrude McCarthy. Rose .McCarthy, Margaret Moran, Mar- garet Oullen, Isaibelle Rice, Catherine McHugn, Ijolo Tyrell, Hannah Bir mingham, Helen McCall, Agnes Col lins, Anna Boyle, May Koedam, Julia Donovan,' Margaret Martin. - Refreshment committee: Mrs. Kee- ga.n, , Mrs. Feeley, Catherine Flaherty, Catherine .- Hennessy, Sadie . O'Brien, Jane Fenlck,- Mary Galvin, Jane Tay lor,: Frances Walsh. Theresa, Kerwin. Catherine Flynn,- Mary Morgan, Marie Jttearaon, Margaret Brennan, Mary Forest, iMary Karrigan, Helen Quin livan, Mary Carrigran. Brida-et Gouarh. iviwry itjougn, JMellie McCarthy Mary; oane iwiroa, uatnenne Flynn,' Catherine Nolan, i Mary iSpeer, Mar garet Buckley, Mary Smith, Anna Mul ligan, Lulu Troy, Mary Condon. Eliza beth CJallahan; . Angelus Companna, Winifred Ward. x . , Washington, Jan. 25 The Latin- American diplomatic corps manifest ed a deep interest today In the an nouncement that the United States government had -begun to negotiate a new treaty with Costa xtica sup plementary to the pact with Nicara gua now pending In the United States Senate by which an option in a nin-ter-oceanic canal route Is sought for this government as " well, as a naval base in the Bay of Fonseca. Wlth the idea of improving-its re lations with the Central ..American Republics,; the United States govern ment intends also - to treat liberally with Honduras end Salvador ,f or their rights' in the Bay of Fonseoai Secre tary Bryan also may ' stop in these countries for an official -visit on ms return from the opening of the Pan ama Canal In March. No price has as .yet been determ ined upon as compensation for an op tion on Costa Rica's rights in . the canal route. - ; The rights of Costa Rice in the River San Juan "which. . formal a part of the proposed canal route end is the natural boundary .between that country and Nicaragua, has for some time 'been the basis of protest against the'' pending treaty recently reported favorably to the Senate. , It reach ed its climax when , the treaty with Nicaragua was first . proposed. In the Taf t and later in , the Wilson ' admin istrations. " Costa' Rica protested that Nicaragua had not lived , up to 'its 'boundary agreement not. to negotiate for -the sale of the canal route with out consulting .her. Costa Rica also insisted that; the United States should Consider the fact that - the river was , the joint property of Nicaragua and Costa Rica, with many of its trtbutar-i ies lying in Costa Rica. - ; " - ; Honduras' and Salvador, who claim rights in the Bay of Fonseca ' had proposed because the sale of the Bay is ' provided for under the . pending treaty between the United States and Nicaragua, -without recognizing that the '. waters of the bay touch-their shores as well as Nicaragua. SMITH-DORRIEN General Sir ;' Horace Lockwood Smith-Dorrien, who was I appointed this month to the command of the second of the six nw British armies, is a warrior of long experience and a reputation for bravery and military knowledge, He is f.fty-six years old, and during his nearly forty years of aviTiy service he has fjuglit in many of Great Britain's 'mtle wars," aa well as in the South African conflict. He covered the Sherwood Foresters in 1876, and three ears later wo a. his iirst of many distinctions in the Zulu war. The t Egyptian war give him his next experienfe of fighting ar.il then took . part in the Soudan campaign of twenty years ago. , After this he spent many years in India, serving with the Chitral relief force and in the Tirah , campaign on the wrthwfst frontier of Ind'a. in th Eoer XiBi, as a raajjr -general, he commanded the Tlne'eenth brigaae. The Royal Canadian regiment was for a time a part of Gen. Smith-Dorrien's command, and he paid a high tribute tothe gallantry and ability of the war riors from America. In one .of his reports he declared that the Cana dians had "achieved a record of which any infantry might be prouJ." He added: "It has taken part in the capture of ten towns, - fought in ten general actions, aim on twenty seven other days." n the present war Gen. Smith-Dorrien has distinguished him self on several occasions, j He won the honor of knighthood in 1904, was promoted to lieutenant-general in 1906, and more xecently to The rank of general. He was in command it the Aldershot lor tome years prior to the entrance of Europe Into the EuT-j-pean struggle. - The Toledo News-Bee was fined $7, 600, and the editor, N. D. Cochran, $200, by Judge Killits, of the United States District Court . there The charge was Contempt growing out of comiaemts on Judge 'Killits" conduct in a ease- WAR ISIaA.N1 . .While all , the world has looked and shuddered at the great conflict in Eu rope, one man has found in it a pos sible solution for international differ ences, which will make war impossi ble in the future, or at least was as we have known it. . - - . A. member of the Pilgrim Publicity Association,-' John W, Withington, is the one who is being talked of is the Man With the Idea which , will do away with wars and terrors of ware, v: Pilgrim Withington proposes that a suitable place shall be provided by the nations of the world, to be called War Island. It shall be situated in the ocean, far from the' nearest shore and as nearly as possible equally ac cessible to all nations. 'Here all un avoidable combats shall take place. In the ' present crisis, he proposes that this island shall be staked off immediately into sections and that a force -of men from each of the 'belig-: erentv nations, the numbers to be In proportion to the population of each country, be assigned -positions on the firing line. The armies raised shall be from the Jails and penitentiaries of the warring -nations, and so far as possible from the most . hardened criminals therein. Military experts representing each contingent shall be on the side lines. "Then," says With ington, "Let them go at it!" They shall occupy the same stra tegic positions that are at present held "by the ibeligerents. Give them all arms in abundance, and provide good food and proper shelter make their murderous, work as comfortable as possible. When the combat is over, let the Diplomats get together and appor tion the spoils. Withington claims this will result beneficially in three ways: It will reduce the present great economic waste; it will depopulate the jails, and will do away with all suffering among non-combatants. Fanner Want Ads. Ono Cent a Word. POLISH PEOPLE TO ' WAGE CAMPAIGN FOR STARVING COUNTRYMEN A campaign for- the starving people in Poland Is being v carried on in Bridgeport where over a score of local girls are to be seen upon the street daily with the flags of both nations and , contribution boxes to receive the donations or those whose sympathy and interest goes out to the far away country where thousands upon thou sands are said ,'to be homeless and starving in the face of a "rigid win ter. : A similar fund campaign is be ing waged all .througout this country with headquarters in Chicago. It Is believed that nearly $2,000 will be se cured In Bridgeport and it is honed that even more may be realized. Among those on the committees in charge ! of the local campaign are: I Francis Okleyeurez, president of the United, Group of the Polish - National Alliance ; Carol Baron, representative of Polish Citizens' club; Joseph Ren kag, secretary of the Unite Groups of the. Polish National alliance In Con necticut; Anton Rutkowski, of the Po lish Falcon association; Karol Wit kicure2, secretary of Camp 315, Po lish National alliance; Adam. Golisz, of Camp 820, Polish National alliance ; Frank Nowak, of Camp .315, Polish National alliance; Mrs. S. Okleyewicz, of Camp 315, Polish National alliance; Mrs. Wahler, of Polish Woman's al liance; i Mrs; W. Krulikowsky, !amp 67, Polish Woman's "alliance; Mrs. S. Kwiatkowska, bf the Polish Sokol. The Inspector of Police of Mexico arrested- Isidro Cortes, who is ac cused of firing the first shot at Gus tavo Madero, brother of former-President Madero, who was killed Feb' 18, 1913. Established . 1857 First Showing of Redfern Corsets The Spring Models. f Dead t winter ! ' Kignx now when there seems to be a dearth - of pretty j things in the wardrobe, comes a splendid showing of the new Redfern Cor set models, the first show ing too. On their way to New Yorkt they tarry at; Re ad 's . for a ' "few days, where they may be seeii by Bridgepbrt Avomen,' who certainly will be ap preciative of seeing those lovely Corsets in advance.-' of the women of other, cities. ; " Th& Redfena this year;; as in past seasons, is ex pressive of ease and com fort. The quality is be- ; yond comment. . We be- ' speak for these new Iled ferns a cordial, welcome. Curtains1 Nottingham and Pvuff led Muslins . much , under original prices. Nottinghairis in. two, thee and four pair lots, a very good chance to freshen up a set of windows and change a room until spring. . , $1.00', - ' .; ' 1.25. . "$1.50 ,$2.00 V N N ' ' , $3.00 . ' $4.00 Ruffled Muslins, white with colored borders and vci v attractive for bedrooms, were $1.50 now CO cts 5 : ,Tapestry Portieres ' In plain colors, . Were $6.00 , . now $4.C0 ' Were $ 9.00 Were $7.00 now ' $5.00 . Wee $12.00 Burlap Pillow Slips, green, brown and redv. ; . ' - were 50, in mim mum witcnwm'iiywiwii',',i Ourtains that were now .70 jii now .90 pow $1.00 now. $1.25 now S2.00 , now $2.73 for' SG.OO for S7.00 ON ALL . in Stock BUY NOW AND SAVE MONEY THE ALONG RUBBER CO, SYNDICATE STORES 1126 MAIN STREET for ,39 cts At the Art Section . ' Many interesting ithingsi for- the needlewoman ana home decorator. Linen Scarves and Pillow Slips of brown crash, stenciled, some braided, others ready for the needle. Pillow Tops of cash, . ' were 50 cts now 25 , cts Silk Bags for work, - " - were $l.'2-.' now 50 cts Brass Whisk Holders, - . were 50 . cts now ,10 ct3 , Towels, Centers and Doilies. , " ..('"' , - - - - ' Third floor. Undermuslins, a number of desirable pieces remainirig from the sale. Long; Petticoats,' embroidery trimmed, 36 to 42 incheu long, were $1.00, t. , now 50 cts Plain tucked ruffled, 40 and 42 inches j now 50 cts Fitted Lace-trimmed Covers, sizes 36, 38, 40 and 42, were 50 cts,. ' '. ' ? ' now 5 cts i ; Cover-all Aprons Large sleeved Aprons of gingham and percale, could be worn in summer for hous eor morning di'esseSj were 75 cts, N , , now CO cts ; ; ' , Children's Wear - Middy Blouses, for ag"es 6, 8, 10, and 12 vears, were. $1.00, '. ' $1.25 and $1.50. ; ' ' . Blouses for misses, 14, 16 and IS years, v 75 cts to close out ! Children's Muslin Drawers with plain tucked ruffles, for v ages 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 years, were 25. cts, now 13 cts, 2 prs. for 25 cts . .-. " ' . , ' ..Second iloor. The D. M. Pead Company. ADFORD 1 vuu YldJ 'fJ wr"- -r-!-- FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE nnTrn a nri ft r TT! CAR FAKES TO OCR USTOMICRS CO-OXJlJS.i4.AX V PKOFIT SQiiUKa WITH OOB EMPLOTEES This is a lot of splendid quality books from our COUPON GOOD TUESDAY, JAN. 26 Large Lot Five Cent C O M P OS I TIO N BOOKS With Coupon - 2c r' r wholesale department that have' the paper wrappers pulled off, but the books are perfect. , Another before in ventory close out. A Trip to a BVxpeign ,Ijand. To Bermuda, the "Garden Spot of the World famed for its wonderful climate and exquisite scenery. . The fare includes first class passage in both directions, meals,, staterooms and all privileges, by the largest, fast est and finest twin screw mail steam ers. The steamers are equipped with private baths, gymnasiums, electric fans, wireless telegraphy, bilge .keels, submarine signals, and every modern improvement.' Take ' advantage of this unusual opportunity. Call on us for circulars and further particulars. S.- Loewith, &;,Co.. 116 Bank street. Telephone 3. Adv. Rosilo, the Cuban aviator who proposed, to fiy over the British cruiser off the harbor of Havana, and drop newspapers, was informed zy th' British Legation there that he would be fired on by the cruiser.