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THE FARMER: FEBRUARY 3, 1915
BRIDGEP OR T E VENING FARMER (FOUNDED 1780.) "?ubli6hed by The Farmer Publishing do, 17 Fairfield Ave., Bridgeport, ' PHONE fi&XmST PHONE w BUSINESS vTTi ioTv EDITORXAli OFFICE ( U l qfjj2A BI DEPARTMENT " FOREIGN KEPRESENTATIVES v Bryant, Griffith & Fredericks, New York, Boston and Chicago. Collectively he can secure justice, if he desires it enough to go the right way about it. Presently the longshoremen will look Mr. Morgan over, and inquire if it is right for him to have so much. Their answer will be, "Yes, if that is what he gets, and we let him take it." So powerful a statesman as Mr. Roosevelt thought a tax .on swollen inheritances, a very substantial tax, would be sound public policy. Mr. Morgan's view of financial justice may. yet Ralph Mann Formerly With STRATFORD MEN TO SUBSRIBE STOCK FOR BANKING HOUSE WEDNESDAY, FEB. 8, 1915. THE MAYOR LOVES HIS WARRENITE r-f-MiE MAYOR importunes the Board of Apportionment to cut A - out tho one mill tax for schools, but, oh, sirs, kindly let us have 'a one mill tax for pavement "other than permanent pavement." . Our mayor must have his Warrenite. It will have to be classed as a habit forming drug and strictly forbidden. ORGANIZED CHARITY r HE CRAZE for organization and what is called efficieiicy . JL ' has reached its apex in New York city, where the at tention of the newspapers and of many thoughtful persons has been attracted to the large payrolls of the charitable societies, and the relatively small part of the dollar-donated to charity, that reaches its destination in "aid of the poor. Such investiga tions are not new. Once England had a Society for the Gonver- . sion of the Jews in Palestine It came to the attentioh qf par liament and it was learned that for every Jew converted $12,- - D00 was expended. Things have improved since then, but there are charitable organizations today which spend fifty cents, or even a dollar, in order to give a dollar's worth of aid to, some needy person. : .,.. - - THINGS THAT MATTER AND THINGS THAT DO NOT AYOR WILSON in many tearful speeches proclaimed to JL i Bridgeport that never; never, never would it be nec Bssary, if he should manage affairs, to have a tax rate more than 15 mills flat. . ... In many another honey sweet discourse has he pointed us ' the way to a commission form of government, which now is per ishing in the over energy of his embrace. . v ; -n.r ' ' But from the beginning until now, and from now until the end, he has been, and will be, loyal to that nearest and dearest friend,, "pavement other than water bound macadam." " We have not the fifteen mill rate, commission government is not in our midst, but we have the pavement, and would have more, were it not for the cold hearted cruelty of Judge William H. Williams, of the Superior Court, who looked upon the second contract for -Warrenite, and didn't like what he saw. . Away with the-one mill tax for schools! Up with the one mill tax for WarreniteT There's' a slogan for you! GIVE TIIEM CREDIT, BOYS ! prevail. Hudson Maxim, 62 Today, Says TJ. S. Must Tight Victor in War Among the thousands who1 have es sayed tho role of prophet in regard to the outcome and results of the Eu ropean war is Hudson . Maxim, the distinguished inventor of smokeless powder, explosives and other i muni tions of modern warfare. Mr. Maxim was born at Orneville, Maine, sixty two years ago, today. ' He is the younger brother of Sir ; Hiram S. Maxim, inventor of the gun bearing his name and of many varieties of explosives, who ' was also , 'born in Maine but who has been a naturalized citizen of Great Britain for many years. Hudson Maxim's prediction is that the United States will eventually be forced to fight the victorious powers in the present conflict.' Only a draw, he is reported xo have said, will save the republic from the hor rors of war. If Germany shtould be victorious, he . declares,- "the things those Teutons will do to us " witn their modern implements of murder and destruction will mae the shade of old Attlla groan and the fossil part of him turn in his grave." Early in the war Mr;' Maxim "was quoted as savins? that Germany -was certain to win, , but this was- denied by him.. Even when the Teuton : army was sweeping all before it in France; the American inventor.; said: VI do not believe Paris will fall, for before that can happen it is my belief that the Russians, who are hammering at. the German rear, will call back enough, of the German force from France to en able the allies to get together in such numbers as to block Germany in France." , ' - -' ' ' ,-- . Hudson Maxim and his elder broth er, Sir Hiram,' have : not always been on the best of terms with each . other, and only a few i months ago. they en gaged in a newspaper controversy re garding the discovery of . smokeless powder and the priority . of their patents. Mr. Maxim was in the printing and subscription publishing business at Pittsfield, Mass., for some years before he began his investiga tions . into ordnance and explosives which have added so much to the de structiveness of modern warfare.,: In 1901 he came into great prominence through his invention , of Maximite, the : first high explosive to be fired through armor plate, the, secret of which... he sold to the - IXnited States government. . Many varieties of ex plosives, and the Maxim , automobile torpedo,-the torpedo ram, and other devices, have since been added to his list of inventions. ... ; - BARON BURIAN t Bridgeport Trust Co. Con ducts Meeting. Established i8s' The Art Department moves to the main floor. (Special to The Farmer.) Stratford, Feb. 3. At a meeting held in the town clerk's office last evening plans were discussed for the formation of a trust and savings com pany in Stratford. ' As a result of the interest displayed by some 25 or 30 citizens It is likely a bank in the town hall will be established in the near future. The meeting was conducted I by Ralph Mann, former secretary of the Bridgeport Trust company, and now president of the Gloucester Na tional bank of Gloucester, Mass., as sisted by George A. Buck, also of Gloucester, Mass. The shares - will sell for $120 a piece and 500 shares are to be disposed of. The bank will j have a capital stock of 550,000 and a surplus of f 10,000. A numDer 01 the men who attended the meeting last evening signed their names, to tion on he third floor, and will be found at the east end of pltn .nd,ak?i; the stre near the dress goods section and convenient of Baron Stephan' Burian von Rajecz, who was recently appointed Austrian foreign minister upon the resignation of Count Leopold von Berehtold, Is sixty-three years old. He is a native of Hungary and a Magyar through and through. At the time of his ap pointment to the most important post in the government of the Dual Mon archy he was serving as minister of the royal court in the Hungarian cab inet. He was formerly minister of finance of , the administration of Bos nia and Herzegovina. He entered the diplomatic service in his young man hood, and spent many years at tb3 courts of. the Balkan, states, obtaining an intimate knowledge of affairs in the stormy peninsula. He is a linguist of ability and speaks all the languages used in. the Balkans. whlls Count B fWWWfflJ KPHWI" BMKi-.;.'l jpatarja m -v -en I J I - ' For the greater convenience of our patrons the Art Embroidery Section has been moved from' its former posi- pathy with the German party, and was often accused of tak ing his orders from Berlin instead of from Vienna, Baron Burian is alleged to bo opposed to Prussian domination. His appointment was doubtless large ly due to the influence he la able to bring to bear upon the Balkan gov ernments, and which, it was hoped, access by the Fairfield .A v. entrance. , In conjunction with the Art 'Work Will be found the 1 Fancy Linens, which have, come up from the basement, and very soon this new department will receive a choice and wouw prnt Roumani" are up-to-date assortment of new merchandise which we trust i the different business men in Strat ford for the next two weeks and re ceive subscriptions for the stock. It is expected that another meeting will be held shortly In which plans wijl be discussed in detail. No definite place was -suggested as to where, the insti- other -countries, from Joining .the al lies. As administrator of Bosnia and Herzegovftia, the Hungarian ; states man , was constructive and concilia tory, and,' by building highways, rail roads and canals,' and by -giving the provinces partial home rule, he help ed to. overcome the animosity' of the people against Austria, - As foreign minister he holds an ? office which is similar to that of chancellor in Ger many, and is the chief of emperors official advisers. RORABAGK'S "Give us credit boys" are rierht on the job. 1 They are going to have economy, but thej are not going to stint the boys. . ' How shall this be? The easiest thing in the world.' Make ; no appropriations for the hospitals. . If the hospitals get any thing let them get it of . the counties. ; ' ; Among the boys who have always led the way to the trough are the New Haven railroad boys, which, according to Governor Holcomb, is $600,000 shy of producing its proper revenue for taxation. , ' The effect of reducing the state budget is tJ make it unnec essary for Connecticut's impoverished . public service corpora tions to pay more taxes. 1 The result of swelling the county budget will brto make homes and farms groan with; tax bur dens. . , .'. ' Mr. Roraback's boys . are entitled to credit, and they shall have it. v Impudence and ignorasice struggle in them for the supremacy. . . , . MR. MORGAN'S SIMPLE NOTIONS P. MORGAN, inheritor of a financial kingdom abandoned ' by his father, J. P. Morgan when the latter shared the common lot of man, testified before the Industrial Commission, yesterday. The occupant of the Morgan throne is a different type of man than the heir apparent of the Rockefeller monarchy. The latter is annoyed by scruples. - He does attempt to think out what would be justice between capital and labor. He is prevent ed fronvhaving much success, not by the absence of good will, but by the limited scope of his experience and the iron bound ; limitations of environment. " ' - Mr. Morgan is not bothered by scruples. He finds himself well : situated, and is concerned mainly about staying so. He had no views to offer the committee as to any changes in the social system that might be ihelpful or useful. ' ' About things as they are, he was pretty well satisfied that they are as they ought to be. It is no concern of the stockhold ers, nor of the directors of a corporation how labor is treated, but only of the executive oilicers, who are to be held account able for results.. - ' 1 . u - - A simple theory and delightful, and one which has been practiced by stockholders and directors to their very great in jury, as those New England stockholders who have lost their dividends well known, and as those New England directors who have been indicted now appreciate. ; ' . .. ; ' - It is apparent in more, than one of . the lines of railroad which have been appurtenant to the line of Morgan, that the executive officers haven't produced .results or have produced bad results. So none of the readers of The Farmer will be guided by Mr. Morgan's views on l this point. ' , Stockholders, directors and the corporations they direct are raised up by the state for the benefit of the state.' They are re sponsible for the condition of the labor in their employment. Labor holds them responsible and the state holds them respon sible. Labor negotiates and strikes, when necessary, The state investigates and legislates. Sometimes the .state punishes cor porations, directors and stockholders whose feeling of irrespon sibility gets entirely out of bounds. The doctrine of no responsibility's more akin to anarchy than to any other school of thought. i What Mr; Morgan does believe in is his right to get all he can for Morgan, a feeling natural and reasonable for him, con sidering his environment. Asked if $10 a week is in his opinion enough for along ' shoreman to receive-Mr. Morgan replies: "If that is all he gets and he takes it, it is. 'r '-' - Mr. Morgan is opposed lo the organization of labor. Hut labor organizations are the effort of the longshoreman not to take an-unjust wage. Singly, he can offer no resistance the Tea Cups," by Miss Florence Al len and Haary Brown both weU known in Stratford. The further as sistance of Mrs. Louis Snyder, of su perior musical ability, will add great ly to the success of the entertainment. The addition ;of the name of L. Lund berg, bass soloist, of St. John's church BWdgeport, will aid in making the program a success. The whist, pinochle and dance given in Red Men's hall, Church street, last eveniher ' under -r the auspices , : or tne young ladies of the St. James' . R., C. church proved to be a very successful affair. - The committee in charge of TiTnntiiT a r.nr-enis.e, 1 the entertainment consisteo -or. me He wki a born Inventor, and nlmnnf Misses i Mirion London, Hilda Hall, from his first day in' tha orintlna- of- I Julia McQuUlan. Mabel McQuillan nnt 51 vet ma.ture enouerh. The young ladies of Christ church I will meet the requirements of all needlewomen. The stock no rm... -JS'.L .1 f 1 -J.JJ.i . -1. J I t ... courtship of Miles standisij" ,m ox woois ior JKiiiLiiiig, me urociici ana emoroiaery coti-oiis mDieauz ana a one-act eicn uyern - , 1 j. t ' i t- -i n j i aiia jijieiis, swiupeu pieces mm xoyai oociexy pactages will all be found here in future. Main floor, east, Fairfield Av. entance. Typesetting Machines The i first typesetting machine was invented by Timothy Alden, who was born in Barnstable, Mass., ninety-two years ago today. ; In, his boyhood Greeley Didn't " Originate Famous , "Go West' Slogan Horace Greeley, whose 104th birth day anniversary will be " remembered trvrlnv hv t. h a sdtaff of the New York Tribune, which, h founded, ranks as one of the most . vigorous, powerful and original of editorial writers in the history of journalism. ; -.: It is an irony of fate that the phrase attributed to Greeley which is most, widely quoted was not original with him, , , Go - west, young man, go west,", is a Dit oi aar vice which has become proverbial in America, and it is always accredited to the immortal editor . of the New Tcrk Tribune. Tet Greeley did not ouieinate it. and ; oublicly- admitted thkt the slogan was ' first . voiced by another. .,. . " ; The author of "Go , west, young man', a phrase, to which the west ern half of the North American conti nent owes no small part of its present prosper'ty was John; B., L-. Soule, a Hoosier editor. He was a forceful and brilliant writer, and in the early 50s was the editor of - the ' Terre Haute. Ind.. Express. . One .. day a prominent citizen of Terre Haute, Col. R. W. Thompson, ' suggested to Souls that he write an ; editorial - advising young men to go" west and grow up with, the country. Col. Thompson was an enthusiast on the - subject of the development of the western part of the ' United , States, to which a vast territory had recently been added by acquisition from- Mexico; , ' ' ,. i ! - Soule wrote the editorial, 1 which' was a glowing word picture of the possibilities of pioneer work ' in the undeveloped sections, and 4n the pourse of the article asserted .that not even Horace Greeley could give bet ter advice than that contained in the words, "Go west, young man." . The editorial was quoted in news papers all over America, and "Go west, young man,, became a popular slogan. The New York Tribune re printed the editorial and Mr. Greeley declared that Mr. Soule , was right Jn saying that he could . not give better, advice to a young man than that con tained in the famous expression. The editor of the Tribune, added that- he was not the author of the slogan, but that it had his heart indorsement, and he joined with Mr.- Soule in saying, Go west, young man, go west." : The Hoosier editor .has never re ceived the credit that, is his due for originating the "Go west"! slogan, but he had the satisfaction of knowing that he had started a great move ment of population-which is still in progress. ' For the "young man" did go west, by thousands and tens of thousands and millions, and his an cestors dwell today in that rich land which stretches from- the populous western Canada provinces to -the bul let belt of Mexico. ; 5 flee ; he began td. think of plana for improving the various processes con nected with the typographical. art. He Invented several machines connected with printing before he turned his at tention to the mechanical setting of type. After several years of study. he produced his first model of a type setting machine in 1846. This ' ma-. chine consisted, of a. horizontal- rotat ing wheel with type-cells on its cir cumference, making receivers.; rotate witn it . to . pick out the type at the proper places. The appliance was in genious, ; but it effected no improve ment over hand composition. Timothy Alden died in Boston in 1858, and his brother Henry later made several im provements in the machine. . Timothy Alden's machine had . the merit . of setting others to think about the same problem, with the result that hand composition is rapiaiy Decomlng ' a thing of the past. i Coatings, a number of Chinchillas Fancy ; Plaids and Checks to close out while .it is yet winter. Half a dozen pieces of Chinchilla, soft, thick and wann a, eiderdown, in attractive colors, Kelly green, king Earlier in the season $3.00, now $1.50 LLiVd I CllUCn I1U I CL indistinct shadings, were $2.75, now $1X5 MANAGER BANQUET Frank A, Cantwell Is Welcom ed Royally By His Antler Friends. and , Mary Lord. K ..II. -.l..-4-Aw T7- . K hA H O VAT-IT successful whist last evening-: at the blue, scarlet and old rose home of ,Mrs. ticnara Bmiin, ree man avenue. . . -V- . THE PASSING OF THE GOUTuDS. (Philadelphia Press. The late Jay Gould was largely in terested in four great properties, the Erie, the Manhattan Elevated system I where Joe Whalen, a member of the Tan Diagonals, quite heavy, one of them with a bouelc I finish, were $2.50, ' nowSOcts Mahogany and black Matelasse, was $3.50, now $1.5 . ' . . - ; Dress Goods Section. , Women's Lisle Hose; - Special ! 4 Best Knit" Hose inblack only, with high spliced heel no. 36, b. p. o. e., at which over 75 double sole It would be a very satisfactory stockin. complimentary" things about the new host. - ' : The dinner was held in the break fast room in the- Stratfield and was followed by., a' theatre part at Poll's Frank A. Cantwell, manager of the Stratfield hotel, was a guest at a din ner given vat that hostelry last night i in his honor by the Bridgeport Lodge, local , lodge.- is appearing with the Three Whalens. t : Daniel J. Clifford, esteemed leading knight, , was - toaatmaster. He called upon j Compensation , Commissioner Buckingham, Col. T. J. Murphy, Isaac J. Moss, -Frank Gaylord, and others to welcome Mr. Cantwell to Bridge port. to. New Tork, Western Union Tele graph and' the Missouri Pacific Rail road. Long t ago the Goulds parted , with their interest in Erie, and later the Gould' estate and members of the family got out of Manhattan. ' When a dominating factor in West ern Union Telegraphy George J. Gould gamea tne aisaite or A." J. Cassatt, president of the Pennsylvania Kail- road, and President Cassatt refused I VETERIN ARIES IN road and the telegraph company and ordered all the poles of the Western Union, along the lines of the Pennsyl vania railroad cut :. down. : Control o western union passed to the Ameri can Telephone and Telegraph com pany and the . Gould influence in the telegraph company subsided. Bat the Federal government forced a separa tion of the telegraph lines from the telephone company.- -While George and Edwin Gould still remain Western union directors,, tne com pany is controlled by the Kuhn-Loeb and Rockefeller -interests. " Missouri Pacific, was the special hobby; of George , Goulds who at one time cherished , the hope of . making ANNUAL SESSION Hartford, Feb. 3. The Connecticut , Veterinary Medical ' Association held Its annual meeting here yesterday. The election of officers resulted in the. 1 Choice of the following: ? - President B. K. Dow, Willimantic. First vice-president G. E Corwin, Jr., Canaan. . Second vice-president . JbJ. Jiates, South Norwalk. " ' -- Recretarv A. T. Gilyard, , Water- bury. . Treasurer Thomas inland, waterr burv. ,i . v - Board of Directors jj-xa-jiin i Board of Censors G. W. Loveland, that road the . nucleus for a. treat TBrrinrton: G. L. Cheney, New ia- trans-cohttneiital . system - embracing I ven: Harrison Whitney, New Haven; the Western Maryland. Wheelintr & a Tfl. Corwin. Jr., i Canaan; ! P. ' T. Lake Erie, Wabash, Missouri Pacific, (Keeley. Waterbury. Denver & Rio Grande and -.the West ern Pacific- which he built as a finishr ing link on the west. Edward H. Har- riman upset all of the Gould plans for. a transcontinental ; railroad t system. since which the roads that were de signed for the system have had a hard struggle. The j Western Maryland not pay and is likely to ; be reor- I ir 4 XK,V ganized. , The Wabash and the Wa bash Terminal at Pittsburgh are in receivers' . hands, Missouri Pacific, paying dividends at "the .rate of five per cent, until 1908, has since paid nothing - to shareholders and its shares recently sold below seven dol lars.' Denver & Rio Grande went on the non-dividend list in 1911, and wft llfl.VP TYI anV StvleS to Se at 25 cts, and we are going to sell it for -18 cts, 3 prs. f or 50 cts On a "Fable in the Kitchenware Store. f Certain very desirable articles of nickel, copper and aluminum, very useful and desirable in 'the home. Tabla Kettles, Percolators, - Tea Urns, Trays, Salad Forks, Coasters and Vacuum Containers, , , . v at closing prices ' "Basement. 4 The D. M: Fkead Company. FAIRFIELD AVE. CO-OPERATIVE- SPECIAL PRICE on one lot of Brown Wor sted Slipon. These are very serviceable coats, regular $12.00 Now 1 58.98 COUPON GOOD THURSDAY, FEB. v 4 BIG SPRING RAT TRAPS Regular 10c kind, with ' coupon 4c VARIETY STORE BROAD ST. CAR FARE TO OUR CUSTOMERS PROFIT SHARING WITH OUR , KSIPLOVEES These traps have never been sold so cheap before. We have the big vnre traps on our 25c counters. Spring mouse traps, 2 for 5c. Four hole, round, wood mouse traps, 5c. - Four hole, tin, 8c. This is the festival of St. Blasius, also called St. Blaize and St. Blasei to whom Catholics will appeal today to have their throats blessed. The intercession of this saint is sought in all throat ailments. In ancient "days it was believed that a bone lodged in the throat could be removed by hold ing the patient and repeating these words: ."Blaize, the martyr and ser vant of Jesus Christ, commands thee to pass up or down." St. Blaize has for centuries . been honored as the patron saint of wool-combers and all engaged . in the wool manufacturing Industry.;; Five men were killed and seven oth ers Injured -by a falling wall at the ruins of the Brown .& Sepler Imple ment Manufacturing plant at Grand Rapids, Mich. The plant was destroyed by fire! two weeks ago. " " Daffodils & Tulips, 75c per doz. JOHN HECK & SOX Trr-A.. Dnnta V. "!... wnn1n earn Its fixed charges, - - v jl6C1 irOIXl lnZZ."Z Z- a?m ALL GUARANTEED in Missouri Pacific, a bare block of MEN'S RUBBER SUR- 6115 shares out of a total of 830.000 shares issued. The Rockefellers and their bankers, - K.hn, Ioeb & com pany, now propose to finance and re habilitate the Missouri Pacific, a task which it was said thiey were unwill ing to undertake a year ago, when the Gould interest was still para mount. . From our regular stock, LAKE TELLS HOW SUBMARINES MAY BOTTLE ENGLAND FACED COATS $3.00 To $6.50 ENGLISH SLIPONS $5.00 To $15.00 Advanced. Dancing Classes. OILED CLOTHING The kind that wears and Quiity's school of Dancing at the crives service, the ve3v best -'nlnntol -Rail Ttnnm In T7-iiH-vl 1 0 ' nue is the Mecca of those who wish to gfUCa. acquire - a Knowledge -, of - the most modern dances and the very latest variations. Classes for advanced pupils are held every Wednesday, Thursday and Friday evenings from 9 to 12 o'clock in which instruction in the latest forms of the fox trot, one step, hesitation, "the opera hesitation and other dances is given, followed by a social period and dancing. Admis sion is at a moderate figure. Some of the wo4 given by Mr. Quilty can not be acquired at any other school. Now is the time to learn the new dances. A Mi-zard swept through Wisconsin, paralyzing traffic of aJJL kinds- OILED SUITS, PANTS AND COATS $2.50 OILED COATS $2 to $3.50 OILED HATS 35c to 50c THE ALUNG RUBBER CO. SYNDICATE STORED 1126 MAIN STREET Simon Lake, the suibmarine inventor, sprang a new ' theory of German sub marine attack upon the commerce and ports of Great Britain yesterday 'when he announced that the Germans hav ing adopted his submarine ideas have probably adopted those of submarine bases of supplies for their cruising boats.- 1 The keeping of food and gasoline m. sunken freight carrying submarines he said was, perfectly feasible and could be recovered at any time by the diver from the modern Ctersaaa .craft. whQ only had to open a door and step our upon the ocean's bottom to connect his supply pipes wita the cruising ves sel, i These bases could be distributed at various points around the English shores until Great Britain wo ifi be fully blockaded and the big Under water cruisers need not return to their home ports for months. Four men were drowned in the har bor at Port Jefferson, Li. I., when The Eastern, a steam dredge", overturned during a storm. , FEMINIST ARTICLES UNPOPUI.AR 1YTTII ' READING PUBLIC By Mrs. W. B. Williams, Anti-Suffragist.) A recent speech made by a practi cal newspaper '-and magazine man throws an interesting light on the at titude of the average woman on the suffrage question.' R. II. Waldo, as sistant general manager of the Is"ew Tork Tribune, is reported to have said that no publication which depended on the subscriptions of women could feature Woman Suffrage and-live. He found this out, he said, during his connection with "Good House-Keeping," that magazine had attempted to print a serial biography of Mrs. Pank hurst. "The letters of protest which piled in upon us forced us to discon tinue . They came in shoals," ls said. " Two periodicals which have lately featured feminism are reported to toe on the verge of failure. It looks as if the majority of the American - peo ple did. jiot approve of this sort of propaganda. ...... . ' . ' POINTS OF INTEREST. E. H. Dillon & Co.'s, 1,105 Mais: street, after " inventory clearance s?ait of cloth coats at less than half fon?;. prices. Adv.