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BRIDGEPORT, CONN., TUESDAY, FEB. 9, 1915
PRICE TWO CENT3 VOL. 51 NO. 34 MAJORITY REFORM m G Representative -; Taylor of Danbury Won't Stand for Hypocrisy of Machine Made Report Which Re stores the Spoils Sys tem. :- v.v His Minority Report Would Improve Existing System of Civil Service Em ployes' Only Redress Now to Write How It Feels to Be Fired. - (Special to The Farmer.) t Hartford, Feb. 9. The Judiciary committee, by a majority, reported a bill,.' today, pullm& .the teeth of the civil service law, adopted toy the Gen eral Assembly of 1M.3. : It -is accompanied by a minority re port, drawn by Representative Taylor of Danbury. This merely clarifies the present Jaw, increases the commission to -five members,?, and makes the law more certain in operation. The amend ments are favored by the Civil Service Reform Association of Connecticut. The majority amendment reads like a civil service law, when scanned by a careless eye, but its effect is to throw a large' number of places now unde civil service open to the spoils sys tem. '' - . ' ' -' ' For ways that are dark and tricks that are vain no heathen - Chinee has anything on this proposed legislation. Instead of saying outright that elected officers may hire or Are at will, the provision Is made : "That any official elected by popular vote at any time (Continued on Page 3) i . HOLCOiD WANTS TO SHIFT VAST CHARGES ROIVI STATE TO CITIES AND TOWNS ' : . .. ... v' '" .'-'. ?'; .':;- :' - :'-;.. --" . , Would Withhold State Grants For Hospitals, Countv Homes. For the Siimiort of the Pnnr and Insane Persons, Schools. (Special to The Farmer. Hartford, . Feb. 9. Governor MoT comb in a sensational message to the . Assembly today advocated cutting ,, state expense by the dramatic ex pedient of shifting., bodily to the budgets of counties, cities, or towns large sums now Incurred by Connec ticut for the support , of hospitals, county homes'of the , poor , and insane persons. . The concluding . re.com- mendation Is for the shifting of the . errant for education to local sources. . - This program, if carried out. Would overturn , an established policy whichj .has existed for 'more than half a cent tury. . It would! effect no real saving to the people, but would merely shift a half million dollars of tax burden to homes, farms and other local prop erty now. often overtaxed, from prop erty taxed by the state, and as a usual thing much undertaxed. The governor's message f ollowst "To1 the. Honorable 'General Assem .. blyS V- . ' ', V '-..v. : v . '.'In connection with the 'pressing .need that the state should take lmme v diate steps to reduce' the large excess of expenditures over receipts, I . de sire to ask your honorable body care .fully to consider expenditures which are now made by- act of the 'General ; Assembly and from funds of the state but which really erve purposes with in the proper scope of the county,' ' . town or -city government I refer to appropriations made for hospitals, for county" homes, for the support of pauper - or indigent insane ; persons. and for schools. '. -.."...'.- , "Appropriations for hospitals ' had "their origin' in an act in the General Assembly passed in 1859 and prior to 1885 only two hospitals were , so aided. In the last fiscal year, how ever, annual appropriations .- were 'made , to 24 hospitals and the sum ' so expended was $134,687. 60, and in -addition to this sum $50,000 was spe cifically appropriated to hospitals for building purposes. j "These hospitals are so scattered . vwai cavil oci v fx IJiXi ticular , locality. The representatives of the counties and towns where they are located are iar better : able to Judge of their needs, their efficiency,. and the value of their services to the public than are - those of the, whole state- and the people of each munici pality could more easily hold Its rep resentatives responsible for the ex penditure of public funds for hospital purposes than is possible where an ap--. propriation is made by the state legis , lature. ' ,"-; '.'" ' ' "' . "The county "homes for poor, de pendent and neglected children had their origin in an act of the legislature- passed 18 8.-' By that act it was provided that, except- for an appro priation of $1,000 to each home by the state the expense of establishing and maintaining them should be borne by the counties and towns. The law now provides, however, that with a few ex ceptions, the state shall contribute for the support of these homes $2.50 a week for each child committed to . them. The result is that the state paid' to these homes in the last fiscal year $127,276.35. This is about 87 percent of the total current expenses of the homes; and it is noteworthy ItEPORT 1SS0R II CIVIL SERVIG ONNECTICUT HILL NAMED TO CONSIDER WAY ; TO CONSOLIDATE Is One of Five to Look Into Simplifying State Goy f ; eminent . ' (Special to the Farmer.) Hartford, Feb, 9 County : Health Officer George B. Hill of Bridgeport, was today- named by Gov. Holcomb as one of a commission to investigate the advisability' of consolidating certain state -boards and commissions and to investigate the public health laws. Other t members of the commission are Howard Cheney i'o- the -State Board of Education, Manchester; Dr. Edward 'K. Root, of the -State Board of .Health, Hartford; F. Chesbro, rep resentative from Windhami Dudley L. Vail, representative from Wlnsrted; Senator L. E. Whiton, of New Lon don; Dr. William H. Carmalt, of New Haven; Louis S perry, of South "Wind sor; James 33. Wheeler, of New Ha ven. V ";. This commission was authorized toy resolution passed under suspension of the rules in both houses recently. It will present . Its report" to the legis lature, -not later than April ' 1. v It is the intention of the Republican, ad ministration to abolish several boards, which it is maintained overlap- ' in their duties. '. There will ibe consid erable opposition to the proposed Changes. . ' : .,''.",-. LEGISLATURE and For the Support of that, In the oase of two counties, the actual expense of maintaining each child was less than the amount paid by the state for 4ts support. 'TThese homeswere, when they were established, and still are, distinctively county institutions and the burden of their support belongs rather to the counties and the towns within them than to the state. ) . From the ,. earliest times in the state the support of paupers rested upon the- towns to which .they be longed.4. When, however, in 1867, the Connecticut Hospital for, the Insane was established , a portion of the bur. den. of "supporting paupers " and indl gent persons committed to it was as sumed by the state. The state now pays $1.5 0 a week for the support of each town pauper and each indigent person committed to that hospital or for want of room there, to any other institution ror the - insane. The to tal amount paid by the state during the ; last fiscal year for the " support or inmates at institutions for the in. sane was $293,990.83,; and over 90 per cent, of this sum was for "paupers belonging to some town or for indi gent .persons not paupers. Jot "mere ly has, the state thus assumed a por tion of the burden belonging to the towns or the relatives of inmates but by offering a place where paupers or indigents can be supported at much :. less than the actual cost. It has encouraged the commitment of persons; to these Institutions, who might be cared for elsewhere." Governor Holcomb points out that the appropriations .for school pur poses last year by the state reach ed the sum of $87,573.30..' The message then continues: - "The total amount appropriated ' in the . last fiscal year for the purposes mentioned Is $1,254,784.88. This rep resents a tax of a littie more than one mill upon the grand -list of, the state, If the revenue of the state derived from sources other than that of a di rect tax was .' sufficient to pays this amount in addition to the necessary appropriations for distinctively state purposes, little, if any, fault could be found with its expenditure but In view of the present- inadequacy of state revenue, I believe that the legislature should leave the matter of appropria tions for hospitals to the localities they serve, "should place the burden of the maintenance " of county homes lip on the counties, should require the towns to which insane papuers belong or the relatives or other sane persons to pay the actual cost of their support at the insane institutions of the state and should carefully consider a reduc tion In the amount of state funds dis tributed' to the towns for educational purposes. The only alternative to such a course which acords with good gov ernment and good politics is to lay a state tax sufficient to meet the ex penditures authorized for these pur poses; . "MARCUS Hv HOLCOMB, ' "Governor." WEATHER FORECAST Fair and coloder tonight; Wednes day fair. Fresh northwest winds. PRIEST AND HIS HOUSE KEEPER ARE MURDERED New Britain Catholic Rec tory Is Scene of Mys- terious Crime PRIEST IN PARLOR; SERVANT IN ATTIC First Shot, Then Strangled to Make Sure of Their Being Killed y New Britain. Conn., Feb. 9. Rev. Joseph Zebris, pastor pf St. Andrew's Lithuanian Catholic church, - and his housekeeper, Mrs. Eva Gillman, were found dead in the rectory , of the church today. The priest had been shot to death and the woman stran gled. Two bullet holes were found in the body of the priest in a superficial The cause of death, in the case of the nriest was shooting. - Two bullet- holes were found in his body In a superficial examination. ' While the bullets had killed him he had also been strangled in a seeming effort to make sure he was dead. He was shot in the left breast. - The housekeeper had 'been shot In the wrist but a clothesline in the form of a noose drawn tight around her neck had caused her death. ..... Both bodies were dressed and that of the priest was lying on the parlor floor and the 'body of the house keeper in her room in the garret. The bodies were- examined by J. G. Cal houn, coroner,; this afternoon. Medi cal Examiner T. G. Wright, of this city, refused to give a permit to dis turb the contents. of the house until Mr. Calhoun's arrival. -' Hence the details of the actual murders; are not known. ' , ' v. The bodies-were found this morn ing. When the, priest did not show up for mass his neighbors decided to - Investigate and a small boy was sent into the tightly locked house through a cellar window. Officer Herbert Lyons, who was passing was quickly acquainted, with the u facts and "entering the house found the body of the housekeeper lying strang led and shot in her room in y attio. The police are at a loss to find a motive and . a means of entrance. While , the house was turned , topsy turvy, every iarticle -of furniture;, and closet being thorcug Sly:. -- searched. rumors of threats and trouble In the parish have lead to a theory that. revenge or a' desire to obtain some incriminating evidence rather than, burglary was the motive. " It was thought that the priest had been murdered first and then the housekeeper had been followed to her room after witnessing the affair, where she was done away with. The bullet lodged in her arm made some think that the persons involved took a shot at her when she ran," then obtained a clothesline and strangled her. How the Invaders gained an en trance is not known. Father Zebris came- to, this, city from Waterbury 16 (years ago, taking charge of St. Andrews parish which he has been successful in building up. He was '40 years of age and the housekeeper 62. LOCOMOBILE TORONTO &1AN IS MURDERED Hartford, Feb. 9. It became knewn here today that Mrs. Charles A. Mas. sey, wife of the man said to have been murdered by a housemaid in Toronto, yesterday, had been with her sister. .Miss Cora vandergribt, iiving at No, 80 Sumner street and Mrs. Theodore Boynton, of No. 16 Gray street; , Mrs. Massey was' Miss Rhoda Vandergrift before marriage. - She left Toronto on Monday morning. The sisters were at a local hotel, when Mrs. Massey re ceived news of the tragedy. . Mrs. Massey and Miss "Vandergrift left for Toronto early this morning. Mr. Massey was formerly a resident of Bridgeport,- connected. with the Locomobile company. He was the rep-, resentative In Toronto of another au tomobile company. , , Miss Cora Vandergrift, who ' lived In East Bridgeport, until a short time ago, is a graduate of the Bridgeport High school class of 1902. She was prominent in ' East Bridgeport social circles when she lived ere. '. HEARING ON TAX DISTRICT PLAN (Special, to the Farmer.) Hartford, Feb. 9 'Before the com- l.mittee on cities and boroughs a hear ing was held, this afternoon, on a charter amendment . Introduced by Senator Comley, revising the taxing districts for the city of Bridgeport. The proposed amendment extends the lines of the present second district so that practically all of the present first district with the exception of farm lands on the outskirts of the town, is included. A number of Kridgepprters, includ ing several first district residents, announced they would oppose the amendment, maintaining that it is un just In certain respects. They point out that the proposed line would bring into the second district and place un der the second district taxation, large tracts of land on which are no lm provemerita and from which no rev enues are derived. WANTS POLICE HOUSING CONDITIONS BETTERED Louis Moss, acred 27, giving his address as Wat er bury. Conn., was arrested last night upon the com plaint of Conductor Lambert IT. Fowler that he refused to pay his railroad fare. In the city court today Moss claimed that he had boarded the train at New Haven and that someone hail , taken- his. ticket. When fined - $4 'and costs he complained of the housing con ditions In the local cell room and threatened to having the good housing association look into the matter upon his release from jail. DONOVAN SAVES PUBLIC BUILDINGS FOR HIS DISTRICT Defeats Move to Injure Dan- bury, Stamford and Greenwich REPUBLICAN TRICK BLOCKED BY JERRY Attempt to Repudiate' C on- ; tract Obligations Fit- - tingly Rebuked ' (Specia lto The Farmer.) Washington: Feb. 9. Representative Jeremiah Donovan of Connecticut led the opposition to an amendment to the Sundries Civil Bill that would nave eliminated appropriations for -several public buildings. Among the items Representative Gillette! of Massachu setts included In his amendment to strike from the bill was $100,000 for Stamford : post office, $55,000 for Dan- bury post office and $50,000 for Green wich - post office, all Fairfield county propositions that have hung fire for years because of the failure or Mr. Donovan's predecessor, E., J. Hill, to Mr. Donovan has got the contracts for the three buildings under way and has secured the money tz the extent mentioned, above, that the work may be : prosecuted. He caused . the defeat of the Gillette amendment in the com mittee of the . whole by a vote of 80 to 40 , . :, '.". He said ' In part . in addressing the House: "Will the chairman please explain' by what sort of reasoning the gentleman from Massachusetts' (Mr, Gillette) came in here with an amend meat -to eliminate the carrying out of an obligation on the part of the United States, when a contract has been let for the construction of a building?" Mr. -Gillette: denied that any such cases. Were carried in the amendment and Mr. . Donovan asked If he had not eliminated . Danibury, Connecticut. Mr. Gillette said he did not - know. - Mr. Donovan continued: "The gen tleman from Massachusetts did not know what he was doing when he of fered the amendment. The fact Is that the gentleman- has by his amendment endeavored to strike out public build ings for which contracts have been entered into and obligations created, and hi would repudiate them. Now that Is the Massachusetts, way of do ing things- without knowledge. (Laughter.)' . "Mr." Chairman, there has been only Lone public building in my district, a locality settled for over 200 years. stated a while ago that the cost of the building was $250,000. . That was the cost of the public building in a place of 110,000 population. I find that you. have passed an appropriation of $600,- 000- for Wilmington, N. C.,- what has less than 30,000 population. I find too, that the minority leader (Mr. Mann.) has In the same bill an appropriation for . his district of $50,000 -passed on February 17, 1913. Now -'tiuring the discussion of that bill, from the first presentation by the clerk - until the final vote, there was not the slightest objection on the "part off Mr. Mann, the minority leader, to that bill giving $600,000 to Wilmington, N'. C. ; U "'The customs receipts of Wilming ton, N. C, are less than $20,000 a year, yet he great minority leader with a $50,000 appropriation for his own dis trict in the bill, toy some sort of pro cess offered no protest to, that way of doing business. "For verification you will find it m the proceedings of the House on Feb ruary 17, 1913. Does the gentleman from Massachusetts thinks ' it proper 'to abrogate contracts advertised bv the government, duly let and signed? He comes here and wants to repudiate them.- Is not that a fine proposition to offer and to advocate in this body, where there should' be pair play wnere there should be some honor?' Earlier in the day Mr. Donovan in attacking the proposition of spending $600,000 in a town of 30,000 said: cannot ; understand , why the people of my state have been shanghied all of these years. (Laughter). We have custom house and a post office in a lo cality of over 110,000 souls. The re ceipts of the custom house are half a million dollars. The receipts of the post office are over $400,0v What hap pened, to our little state when mv ore decessor the greatest in his own onin- ion who was here for eiehteen vmt-m and the only Federal building in his entire district with a roof and chim new on it, cost a little over J250.000? Wtiat Is It that they do to us from the Nutmeg sitate when they get our great men down here? Do they take tnem masked into a ' dark alley and strip tnem or . $000,000 buildings for towns of 30,000 population?" (Laugh ter ana applause. , PACKING FIRMS ARE GUILTY IN MISSOURI Jefferson City, Mo., Feb. 9. The packing firms of Armour & Company, swirt sc company, the St. Louis Dress- ed Beef & Provision Company, the Hammond Packing -Company and Morris & Company, were found guilty of -violating the state anti-trust law by the Missouri supreme court today. An order of ouster was issued but the companies are allowed to remain I in the state on payment of fines. MINISTER GONE BEFORE ARRIVAL OF THE POLICE Rev. Frank Nagi Not Home When Officers Call to Investigate GIRL WHO ACCUSED HIM IS RELEASED Disclosure Following Girl's Arrest Precipitates His , Departure Following a joint investigation of the woman probation officer. Mrs. Isaac Burgess, and the members of the Hungarian reformed .church, State street and Hancock avenue, into the story told by Annie' Szabo, an 18 year old girl. Rev. Frank Nagi, a supply minister has disappeared from this city according to reports made today at police headquarters by officers who went to the house yesterday to ques tion him more closely .upon the facts alleged by the girl. ,- Coincident with the disappearance of the minister, it has been learned further that the young minister was formerly in difficulties in a previous charge in the Hungarian church 'in New . York city, where it is said that insubordination caused his early re tirement from the parish. The present charges grew out of a close inspection of the recent court case in which Miss-Szabo was charg ed with the theft of $60 from her benefactor, Mrs. Sadie Herman, 360 Pine street, and was released upon the promise of the young minister that, he would see that the amount alleged to have been stolen was returned. . When this money was not at once placed in the -hands of the court Mrs. Burgess was asked to Investigate. Go ing to a restaurant at the corner of Bostwick avenue and. Pine street, the probation of ficer . learned facts relat ing to the case which made her at once skeptical of- the influence which the young , minister might exercise oyer the young girl. , , She communicated , her doubts, to members of the church who began an investigation. They learned the min ister had induced the girl to leave the restaurant in which she worked and the minister ate, to enter the parish house at 641 Hancock avenue, usual ly occupied by the pastor. Rev. Ernest J. Komjathy, .. who at present is de tained .with his family in Hungary by war orders. A-'" ' "r-,:r Following up the due linearthed, It was discovered further that the girl had finally been persuaded to enter vthe house at. 10 o'clock at night. ' Brought to police headquarters the girl told of a midnight orgy which seriously implicated the young min ister. Detective James Bray, yester day Bent to the house In an attempt to locate - the assistant pastor was confronted with every evidence to show that a tip given him by members of the church directors to the effect that his services would no longer toe required had been taken, and that he had permanently left the city. In the city court today the Szabo girl was arraigned again upon the theft charges, and turned over $14 which she. confessed to have been part of the money stolen. She was bound over for trial before the su perior court, but released in care of the probation officer. ..'.'' xt is said inai .me xx-ev; i nwt a fully' ordained minister but is serv ing a two years probation period In the Protestant Reformed church. He has been In this country about three years having come from Hungary. He came to this city, several months ago when Rev. Komjathy, the regularly appointed pastor of the church, was detained in Hungary with his family upon the breaking, out of the war. It is - said that it may yet re some months before he is permitted to re turn to America? during which time the church will 'be taken care of by supplies furnished by the head of the diocese. , , SECOND ALL NIGHT SESSION SEES SHIP BILL NOT DECIDED Washington, Feb. 9. Another all night session of the Senate left Presi dent Wilson's ship bill still being tossed about, in a sea of debate with the Republican filibuster again in full blast. The president, at a White House conference tdday said he had no intention of dropping the bill and intimated that he would call a ,spe cial session if it were filibustered to death at the present one. The Sen ate Republicans . declared again they were prepared to talk off a vote until March 4. Some indications of the wearying effects of the long, hard fight were coming out in the Senate, however. and Senator Reed, one of the ad ministration Democrats, proposed an order for the arrest of all the ab sentees, in short, he proposed to bring every one of the 9 6 senators into the chamber and keep them there until the bill is disposed of. His proposal drew a roaring attack which gave prospect of furnishing material for an all day's debate. Meanwhile, the ship bill itself was virtually where it has been for the last two weeks. PRESIDENT SENDS IN WILSON'S NAME FOR HARTFORD POSTMASTER Washington, Feb. 9 President Wilson today nominated David A, Wilson for postmaster at Hartford Conn. Mr. Wilson Is a law partner of Congressman Augustine J. Loner gan, on whose recommendation the president sent the nomination to the senate. nn im if h.n r a m Summary OF THE , WarNews.. ' The German army . in East Prussia, reinforced with troops sent to help stay the Russian ad-. vance on' Germany, has under taken the offensive. The Rus 'sians also are believed to have a large army in this region where a great battle apparently is devel oping. The outcome , of this struggle is expected to have an important bearing on the entire campaign in the east. At the other, end of the eastern' front, in the Carpathians,' neither side has been able to gain, a de finite victory. The Austro-Ger-man troops have made progress In some places but elsewhere ap parently have suffered reverses. In one engagement the Petrograd war office reports 3,500 prison ers were captured by the Rus sians. The new German attack In the . Argonne has been attended with success, t The French military authorities admit that the Ger mans captured some of their posi tions. Aside from this movement, the German armies of the west are putting forth few efforts and , no engagement of importance is' under way. V . The Turkish invasion -of Egypt, one of the- most daring and pic turesque incidents of the war, seems to have come to naught. After their recent defeat in the fighting near the Suez Canal the Turks are said to 'have fallen back and, according to an official an nouncement, ' are in full retreat.. Official ' VIEWS OF ;'' ' GERMAN Berlin, Feb. 9- The German head quarters staff gave out the following statement today: t "In the western arena of the war nothing of importance has transpired. un tne east Prussian irontier we had several minor local successes; otherwise the situation is unchanged." FRENCH Paris, Feb. .9 The report,, on the progress of the war given out this afternoon by the - French war office follows: "In Belgium yesterday there were intermittent artillery exchanges and TTpres and Fumes were bmbarded. The Belgian artillery destroyed a farm, the defenders of which fled. "On the road between Bethune and La Bassee we yesterday re-occupied a mill where the enemy had succeeded In installing himself. - 1 "Soissons was bombarded with pro- jectlles, the purpose of which was to set the city on fire. On all the.Alsne front and in Champagne, our artillery effectively engaged the batteries of the Germans. "In the Argonne ' the fight which has developed around Bagatelle con tinued yesterday in one of the most dense parts of the forest and conse quently became quite confused. Each side, generally speaking, was success lul in maintaining its lines. The men engaged in this fight, Feb. 7, did not exceed three or four , battalions on each side. During yesterday only one French battalion was-engaged. "In Lorraine and in the Vosges yes terday saw artillery engagements." Turkish Cruiser Bombards Black Sea Port Town of Yalta Petrograd, Feb. 9.-r-The Turkish cruiser Midirli, formerly the German cruiser Breslau, has bombarded Yalta, a port on the Black Sea in the Crimea. No damage was done. In response to this attack Russian cruisers went to the Turkish side of the Black Sea and bombarded Trebizoni. French Gunners Land German Aeroplane Paris, Feb. 9. At a point between the. Oise and the Aisne, French artil lerymen have been successful in bring ing down a German aeroplane. The machine, in flames, landed within the German lines. This announcement was given out officially in Paris this after noon. RALKED AT PAYING NICKEL; FINALLY HAS TO PAY $9.85 A fare of $9.85 for a trolley ride of two blocks on East Main street is the record recently paid by a passenger on that line. Luke Ger olomo, aged 37, residing at Lenox Heights was the passenger. According to evidence submitted in the city court today he hoarded the car and refused to pay his fare. He was placed under arrest by the conductor, John Corrigan and this morning fined $1 and costs, which amounted to $9.85. mi Ml M STiffiiS i ILL Both Petrograd and Berlin Agree. That Fierce Attack . of Kaiser On Warsaw Front Has Ceased Rus sian Wings Are Both Ac- . tive. What Washington Thinks of V Lusitania Incident Pres ident Wilson Does Not Re gard German Proclama tion As Constituting An nouncement of Establish ment pf Blockade of Brit ish Isles. , London, Feb. 9 The fierce German attack on the Warsaw front is again at a standstill, according to reports' received from both Berlin and Petro grad; on the other hand the Russian capital reports that on each wing of the eastern bat tle line the Russian, offensive has been resumed. ' 1 An official . Russian communica tion claims progress on the Hungar ian, side of the. western Carpathian ranges as well as successes in the di rectlonof the Mezolaborcz which re sulted in driving back the enemy with considerable losses In guns and prisoners. -The Austro-German army is said to have met with reverses on the Galiclan side' of the "Uzsok and Beskid Passes. Balancing these Rus sian successes are the Russian admis sion of their retirement before strong forces in Bukowina and the Austrian claim to having entered the town of Kimpolung, in the Crownland. In Bast Prussia, where matters have been at a ataiidstilly for some time, the -fighting apparently is as-, sumingi a more desperate character. This may account for the lull on the Warsaw front as the east Prussian 'forces may have been reinforced by sofe of Field Marshal Von Hinden burg"s veterans. The fighting on the western front has ', taken its usual monotonous course with sporadic infantry as saults on the trenches to an accom paniment of artillery firing. The full text of the German block ade proclamation published in Lon don today served as a theme for much comment in which the Lusi tania flag incident figures largely. Most of the British papers defend .the use of the' American flag in this emergency but some of them express misgivings as to the -effect of thi course of action. - ' May Send Formal Note To England On ! Use of American Flag Washington, Feb. 9 The adminis tration" view of ' the hoisting of the American flag on the steamship Lusi tania, as stated today on the highest authority is that the use of the other flags by ships of nations at war ia such a customary practice that no formal protes can be made but that it will be proper to send to Great Britain a note pointing out the dan gers to neutral shipping which may; follow if -such a practice is, continued. Regarding the establishment of a war zone by Germany around the British Isles, President Wilson srLid today he was awaiting the German government's memorandum being for warded by Ambassador Gerard before reaching a decision on what attitude to take. He safd Germany's first pro clamation on the subject contained many questions on which the United States would like further explanation. The President takes the view that the war zone proclaimed by Germany does not, constitute a blockade or even, a paper blockade but that it was sim ply a warning. The President himself said that ac tion by Congress could not control the use of the American flag by foreign ships and that instructions on such practices would have to come through international agreement. The admin istration, it was indicated, is deeply studying the war zone question with the view of determining its possible effect on American shipping and will seek to get full information from Ger many on exactly what was intended and what measures will be taken to insure American vessels from attack. Mr. Wilson mentioned Ambassador Bernstorff's explanation of the war zone order but repeated .that the United States would not finally deter mine on its course until the official explanation from Ambassador Gerard at Berlin was received. High officials apparently attached much importance to both the. Lusitania and war zone situations and it was made clear to day that every effort will be made to protect American rights. President Wilson told callers that up to the present np neutral govern ments have officially- asked the eot operation of the United States. Discussing the general international situation President Wilson said today that he was not surprised at tha length of time taken by Great Britain in forwarding its formal reply to the American' note on interference with the American shipping. The steamer Dacia, flying tha American flag, put to sea from Nor folk for Bremen.