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THE FARMER: FEBRUARY 12, 1915 B RID G RP OR T R VRNING FARMRR (IXJUNDED 170.) Published by The Farmer Publishing Co., 1T9 Fairfield Ave.,' Bridgeport, Conn. BVSIJTESS ' OFFICE 1208. . PHONE - EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT 1287. FOREIGN REPRESENTATIVES , '-. Bryant. Griffith A Fredricks. Neiv XopIe. Boston. and Chicasro . boards of the Commonwealth, putting the seal' of his approval upon a man who has played such a part as the Interstate Com merce Commission has described in he debauchment of the conscience of New England. . '.. j, Against the confirmation of this appointment every decent citizen will protest. . .-, s ... . . HIGHER. PRICE BETTER THAN SHORT WEIGHT. : FRIDAY, FEB. 13, 1915 v; 21 DO THE CITIZENS PREFER, . ' v'--" - - - SCHOOLS OR WARRENITE? kHE REVIVAL of propositions for bonding stands upon no ft more substantial basis than the desire of politicians to have more money to spend than they can' hope to obtain from a tax levy. Preferably the mayor would spend money on high ways. Put $115,000 into school houses; and the supervision of the expenditure' would be by the board of education. All the money 'would go into school houses and none-of it into the pockets. of the horde of placemen, who are distributed over a Job of street work. . - . :'fJ Formerly the administration was as willing" to bond for streets as for anything else. ; But the courts have stopped pro ceedings under one bond issue for highway purposes, it feels diffident about asking for another. . ' ?. It proposes, therefore,' to issue bonds for school housp and to take the one mill 'of school tax and put it into pavements., ' What kind of pavements do they wish to put it, into? ; Would it be reckless : to surmise that the school money would be used to buy more Warrenite? ' i. - , y THE NEW BRITAIN MURDERS. 'HHE MURDER of the New Britain priest and his housekeeper -i , proves' how frail are the protections of society against the evil purposes of brutish men.; This double'crime was com mitted in a parish house, which was located' in a densely settled neighborhood. At least six shots were fired from a pistol,'and the leions must have been sometime engaged in :, their, work, Yet nobody's attention was attracted by the shots enough to in spire an inquiry as to the cause of them. The murder is not upon its face mysterious, and upon present evidence it seems un necessary to assume the crime was done for motives of revenge, or that it wag work of org.nized anarchists. The criminals" made a minute search of the house. ' They did not take some articles of value, such'as gold watches and a gold crucifix. It does not follow their motive was not theft, for it seems to have been som-r 1. 1 only believed that the food priest had a sum-of money in his tome. ; t . The most probable theory would! appear to be. that the crim irvils were in search of this money, and did not, desire to burden themselves with articles it-would be difficult to dispose of, and ,mch might lead to arrest and detention. ' - - As a conjecture-the experienced observer will be inclined t tLo belief that these murders were committed by men half c ized and sodden with drink Jfow else accounLfnr the-factJthat i. e victims were shot fji i then strangled- It was not the act of sober criminals to fire s ho after shot into the bodies of their victims, in that crowded neighborhood, and then go through thjs ower process of strangling them with rope.1 The , crime bear3 a striking resemblance to the murder of Nichols by Bonai and Veeks, and was ; probably done by half crunken criminals seeking plunder in cash. - It is necessary that the authorities should make every ef fort to. find these creatures. They are dangerous and must not c ;ca,po the law's net. To apprehend them the state should spare no necessary expense, nor leave anything-undone that skill'and ir dustry can accomplish. , r HERE ARE two ways in which dealers in bread can make JL the loaf dearer, exclusive of adulterating it, a practice1 forbidden by law. ; - v. - ;. : They can make the loaf smaller, or they can sell it for a higher price. K "'.''' . -' , : If the loaf is smaller the customer is 'insidiously deprived f a portion of his food,, and is frequently only conscious of the change by the increase in the" cost of the family bread. : But is there occasion for an increase in price, or a reduction in weight. The bakers are paving for flour about $3.30 more than they paid some time back. On the other hand some bakers are supplied with contract flour, which comes, to them at the pld price. - ' The s Bureau of Weights and Measrues of New. York city makes the following estimate of the bread producing power of a barrel of flour -' ' "That a barrel of wheat flour, 196 pounds; this flour mixed with about 3 pounds of lard, 2 pounds of yeast,' 2 pounds, of sugar, ii pounds of salt, and 7 gallons oi water -produces eo pounds of dough, 4,576 ounces, and produces 381 12-ounce loaves of bread. "V ... ;,,. .!' .. - : ;..- ' :...' "Lard, 12 cents a pound; yeast, 30 cents a pound; sugar, 6 cents a pound; salt, 1 cent a pound. : - ; "Spring patent flour today is selling from $7;d5 to $7.75, ae- pending upon the mill from which the flour is bought. These are New York-Produce Exchange prices.: The total cost for ma terials, therefore, is $8.60. The cost of labor is about 81,80 per barrel. The cost of overhead charges, such as rent, fuel, light, clerk hire, delivery, paper, twine and printing, is, about 25 cents on the barrel' This gives, a total of $10.65 foivproduction. Ac cordingly, if 381 five-cent loaves are produced on the above basis W will bp a arross return to the baker of $10.05." These figures seem to show, that the baker can mane nreaa v,Q a mii'B Tint, in Krifls-pioort mere is a custom iinaer which the baker must take back his stale loaves, selling them at It would' seem that this practice might be avoided, or at least the bread sold at the cost of manufacture. In such a- case, at least one Bridgeport baker is of the opinion, that it wouici not be necessary to boost ine price oi creau iu Bnugepoi ; hUSTRiA-HUNGARY ANXIOUS FOR; AF.1ER!CAN SUPERVISION OF GAMPS FOR PRISONERS ArropmiENT of robbins an AFTHONT TO THE CONSCH2NCE - OF THE NEW, ENGLAND STATES :'v ' Spring Fashions in Wash, Fabrics. Organdies that are crisp and fresh, Printed Voiles, and all the; family of Crepes, for dancing and party gowns ; , - A pleasant change to the eye,that has wearied of velvet and ur, are; these charming new cottons in dainty weaves.- Through the quiet days of lent that are not so far away" there will be abxuidant time to plan and make new gowns that will do for evening wear and for the approaching summer. ; - Cotton Crepe de Chines are in the newest and most fashion able shades; salmon pinky peachblow, battleship gray, peacock. blue,: and are very effective m combinations with figured voile. . - k- y" , xiurxy-six uicues wiae, on cis Printed Voiles, a very large and gay assort ment, mostly floral designs, including many dainty-Dolly "Vardens, yard wide, . , , 25 cts , ; Heurette Silk Organdiel the material of suf ficient texture to require no foundation, -all in charming 'flowered patterns green. blue and ; flesh tints. ; Forty inches', -50 cts - - Serpentine Crepes for Kimonos Clustered flower patterns, peach and cherry sprays with other spring blossoms, thirty-two inches,' " . 1 . . " ' - 17 cts . Seco Silk fpr foundation slips, all colors, yard wide, , 25 and 39 cts x Just Ordinary Percale ' r, ; , In one hundred new patterns, clean looking and neat as a new pin, light and dark," . 12 andl5 cts . . 1 f And tha ever desirable;.Oinghams - - . One hundred new styles,' gay and sober plaids, small checks and stripes. ' , - 1 Thirty-two inches, 15 and 25 cts r dipioma,ts here were awaiting witn profound interest development of the plan for the American supervision of detention caunp in all of thei warring European countoies. '- , , , . : , ... , At least one of the belligerent pow ers has taken the initiative in press ing this ' proposal and it is ,'Deiievea here that if the efforts- oi A.uav.na.-TTnTia-firv to obtain satisfactory an swer from ' Russia., to the repeaieaj requests' for admission of. neutral re lief expeditions into smerio. are suc cessful unanimous approval of general American, supervision would follow. i Under the -proposed arrangement, an American official would be respon- - . . . . j .. i . . - . . . '1 2-mc1als'-anariWefor eaehasmpi-fTJiroiiglk. Jiim the wants of . the prisoners wou id oe cared for- and he would further act as the agent fori the .forwarding and distribution ' of - food,-- clothing. if ts and money that1 miglit -be sent to the detained aliens f rorrt their home coun tries. " It is (believed that the ; establish ment of such, a system of regnlar and neutral inspecti6n with a frank and Unbiased report of the situation would go far toward eliminating the recur, rent reports of probable reprisals f ol lowing rumors of Ill-treatment at the. hands of the enemy and be a step toward decreasing the unfriendly feel ing between the civilian population of the countries at war. . i BEGINNINGS OP ' - ' 1 : AMERICAN PORCEIiAIN. T NDER' THAT singular enchantment which possesses Con ' riecticut officialdom in every matter relating to its pub 11a service, corporations, Governor, Holcomb has senMo the Sen ate, the appointment of Edward ;D. Robbins to be a member o t,.e state Board of Education. . ' Robbins is under indictment by the federal government, for n atters growing out of the New Haven railroad scandal. He was a chief actor in the affairs of this corporation, aa its genera counsel and one of its directors. ; To these" charges, preferred under the penal statutes of : the land, Mr. Robbins has replied vnn a piea jor immunity, based upon a claim that he gave tes umony relative to the 1 acts.: ' ' t . -'-.-... Robbins did give testimony, Tn Boston he testified that h expended $200,000 of the money of the stockholders of the New ixo.cix uiiipaxiy, . iu mil uciicb puyilli, upiiUQQ. - tlB WAS SO SUC wosiui in tuis mill ut; ouwuucu irom tne. uenerai Assemblv a unanimous vote. t . , - . In reporting upon the transactions of this corporation, the Inter State Commerce Commission, on Feb. 7, 1914, addressed a letter to the Senate of the United States. On P. 36 of this docu ment the Commission says, of acts , of the directors : ? 1 . ... "That this plan " was done In violation of the federal statutes seems quite clear, for competition was sought to be destroyed. That ' v-. . the directors were conscious they were proceeding along lines that were probably inhibited by law Is evidenced by the testimony of Di rector Elton, that as each. line was purchased some one would ask ' a Question in the board of directors if it were not a violation of' the law, and that Mr. Robbins, general attorney for the New Ha ven,, would state to the board that the New Haven charter per , mitted them to do anything. . '' - It appears, therefore, "...that not only were these consolida tions contrary to law, but these directors were cognizant of that if act, and contented themselves with the a4yi.ee of counsel, that under the'" company's charter "'they could do anything. As to the general character of the acts in which these di ; rectors were engaged,' the commission said of the New Ha ven monopoly, that it was "corrupt." That its theories were un sound and mischievous, that to control public opinion they had indulged in' a scandalous expenditure of money, had attempted coiTuptibh of government, and to prevent the political and eco nomic instincts of the people in insolent defiance of law. The commission continued: V v - Through exposure of the methods of this monopoly the invisi ble government which has gone far in its efforts to dominate New -3Sa?lad hag ben made vtst'ttie. It has been clearly proven how -' public opinion was distorted ; how officials who were- needed and ' -who could be bought, were bong ht; how newspapers that could be were subsidized; how a college .p rofessor and publicists secretly ac be : subsidized v how a college professor and publicists secretly ac cepted money from? the New Haven while masking as the . repre sentative of --a. great American university and as the guardians of the Interests of the people. ; The commission concluded with a statement' that the remedy must lie in f.n appeal to public conscience and laws. How can there be any remedy, when the chosen executive of the people selects "Ed" Robbins for one of the most important Waehuigton, Feb, 9. In recent months the: Bureau' of Standards, of the Department of Commerce, has been conducting experiments for the purpose of determining the utility of American materials for the manufac ture of certain articles heretofore im. nnrted almost entirely rom Europe, Up to the present time, i practically J all the porcelain crucibles and dishes used in -chemical laboratories throughout the' country ' have "- been imported from' Germany. Two years ago the Clay Products Section of the bureau " undertook.. to' ascertain whether -or, not American . materials were suitable f or - the inanufacture of , this porcelain. U The. investigation de veloped that clays existed ' in this country from which such wares could be made and which were equal to the ; foreign product;' so far as. their re-', slstance to temperature . changes is concerned, a quality absolutely essen.j tlal. in this ware. -bit, owing ,,to ,ia- ourities in the clay! the "ware was de- f active in color, Kecenwy, me.na Products Section has developed a method of purifying the clay, which makes possible the manufacture - of ware of good color, a detail important not only , in this particular ware but in all white-wares. , One concern has taken up the manufacture of chemi cal porcelain, and while the process is yet somewhat in the experimental stage, it is probable that in a short time all varieties of such ware will be made in this country. In the manufacture of. chemical porcelain and similar products,- lead less glazes are the only ones that can be used. For this reason and on ac count of the poisonous nature of the lead compounds used in making" the usual type of "white-ware glaze, the bureau has been conducting an ex perimental study in the field of lead less glazes,.;.--..-: ; ' The use of lead, compounds has given rise to. wide-spread ; agitation concerning its ' deleterious V, Influence upon- the health of workmen under conditions permitting careless opera tion and neglect of ordinary sanitary precautions. ? A , study of American white-ware potteries shows, however, that such conditions do not prevail and that in reality the 111 effects due to plumbism are very slight in ex tent. It can not be denied that there is apotential danger, but white-ware and china glazes, . made with ' lead compounds, may . be used under proper conditions and by observing suitable precautions,; without; any danger to the health of the operatives On the other hand, wherever leadless glazes can be developed and used, such precautions, , which In them selves increase the cost of manufac ture, do . not have to be taken and every element of risk ; is thus elimi nated to the mutual Advantage of both employer and employee. .-The question, therefore, of lead glazes vs. leadless glazes for china, or white ware becomes one of purely technical and practical interest ; involving the Established i8s7 t -; "' '.. I';. .' I ! The Cretonnes. Early in the season is the time' to ssee the Cretonnes at their best. The Spring assortment is now quite Veoniplete, and those who intend refurnishing will? be in terested to see the enormous range of col orings and patterns. - . , , , Third floor. . Neckwear. Have you seen the new 'fTipperary" Collar, or the "Buttercup", ort tne 'j-rog-ear"7. ; - j. . . The very latest . Evening and Dancing Frcr.hs. Soft Taffetas, and Crepes' in light shades, trininied Avith . laee . and crystal bands, an agreeable width to the skirts f or easy stepping. . - ; v . 1 . Second floor. A Subscription for ' the Designer ' , "-. Thirty cents for twelve months if one registers this month. A generous offer. Dont forget. L : 1 Pattern. Section. The D. M. Reacl Company. factors of working properties, quality of finished, and cost.- v The leadless glazes are1 not an ex act substitute 'for lead glazes. Both have their peculiarities. However, it is not at all -unlikely that the produc tion of . American , porcelain in the near future will lead toward the pro duction of leadless glazes tn a natu ral way, as with a higher biscuiting fire, that is, the fire used in the first baking of the war before; any glaze is applied, it is not at - all improbable that the gloss or glaze .firing, a sec ond or later baking to harden the glaze, may be raised also. In the production of such articles as chemi cal - porcelain,-, however, ' the common American practice must be reversed. Instead of a, high biscuit and . low gloss 'fire, a low biscuit and high gloss heat must be used. , j It was found that the best, leadless glaze' worked out in the bureau's lab oratory could be applied upon .. the biscuited ware as well as the usual lead glaze,- but in firing the tempera found to ha narrower : than' that of 1 the lead glaze. However. the) range is sufrlciently . wide to take . . ... variations met with in very uniform firing -a condition,, though, which 'is ! the exception rather than the rule. Leadless glazes do not flow as readily as those made" with lead, and there fore do not cover bare spots as-well. For this reason; the number of sec-1 onda, i'.v e.,. defective or seeond'-quality articles, is more and! the most of man ufacture about 1 5 per cent, greater. Leadless glazes do not seem to have a detrimental effect on the under-, glaze colors, with the exoeption of pink: With certain colors they brought about better brilliancy than the lead glazes. They are " whiter than the lead but, in the white, some what . less brilliant. There is no question but that lead less glazes could : be - used for & va riety of products, especially for archi tectural terra cotta. tile, enameled brick, etc. With reference to pottery, the leading glazes do not exactly re place the present lead-boracic acid glazes.. There is nothing to prevent the technical application of. leadless glazes, 'even at the present time, bat this wbuld require far greater care in burning than is possible with' the present type of kilns. - The use of glazes, free from-:lead, would there fore, require some radical changes in regard to kiln construction. The bureau has worked out a lead less glaze for low .temperatures which seems to work better than any other glaze of . the same type which has come to its knowledge. ' 1 Litchfield County New ( t , ... -: - - - Superior Court Cases. ,., ; Dr. George M. Parker of New York and Norfolk, was granted a divorce from 'Nancy D. Parker of New York in thevsuperior court at Winsted, Sat urday, om the charge of habitual in temperance, and was given the cus tody of three minor children. .. 1 was alleged that , intemperance began in 1907. ; They were married October 1, 1801. . , Bernard, Kearns of Torrington, was found guilty; of non-support and sen tenced to one year In jail. He had ibeen convicted and sent to jail .three times for non-support, and intoxication. As the prisoner was leaving the court room he laughed. -....,..,... John. Kawitzki, 24. " aNLithuanian. was sentenced to six months in lail the map having been found guilty of entering the. summer cottage' f Dr. George- B. Wallace of New York at Bantam. Lake, December 28. .; IfrAPFORMS Sir:-: FAIRFIELD AVE. VARIETY STORE BROAD CT. CO-OPERATIVE car fare to oob customers PROFIT SHARING WITH OTjH I'.MT'I.OVnT :S " So far hone of the senators in dis cussing the shipping bill has asked whether a sinking ship goes down by the bow or by the head. . ' ; - Some people are now 1 prudently preparing for . Lent by eating rand drinking a quantity sufficient to last over the penitential season. - v WATER BOTTLES All Guaranteed SOc to S2.0Q. F OUNTAIN " SYRINGES Many styles to select from. iWe stand back of ev ery Syringe we sell. - GOc .to t2.3.D COIMBINATION BOTTLES Very practical for both syringe use, also to .use as Hot1 Water Bottle. 51.33 to 52.79 - LADIES' SPRAY SYRINGES 51.25 to G2.9S for the best: Lights in the college student's rooms late at night are accepted by the fond parents as" evidence of hard work over mid-year examinations, -but possibly the boys iare only practicing the one- step. . - - ... ... , . Uncle Reuben's white stockings would be quite stylish nowadays if he would have . them washed at lease once a - week. . At lo Balance of our Fancy Valen tines,; also some 3 for lc. At 5c and 2 tor So At our ntew en larged Hardware Department, two dozen screws, one dozen screw! eyes, one-half , dozen screw hooks,' gate hooks, carpet tacks, double pointed tacks, table forks, bolts, 25 uphols tery, nails, shade fixtures, picture hooks, nails, xetc. ' 1 ' ; v At 124 c Best Turkish towels yet sold ' at price. ' ;;; ( ':.'- i ;r.,..; ' At $1.00 Celebrated Sanspareil shirts : for men; best dollar's worth.! At SOc Strong and heavy sweaters f or men and boys. - '; At 8c- Seamless socks, 1 black or tan; At 50o Celebrated "Trlmo"Vrenches. At lOo---First quality enameled, ware; large pieces. - '-- --r..,5 -j- At lOo Yard wide percales Why pay 12 c and 15c? At 12 Vic Special lot pillow case tub - ing. j . ' v, ' ' At 7SK5 Ladies' $1.50 hockey skates. At 5c and 8 o Great variety masks, curtain domino, comic, etc. At l&c -Lot large and small sizes meu ' and boys' skates. , ' At 2o Special lot skate straps. At 25o Ream typewriter paper. A big saving for our customers. At 50o More of the splendid alarm clocks. - -At 25c Ladies' fine, underwear, vests and pants. . - .:, - At 2o Ladies' night dresses. At S8o Business printing outfits. '"-' SPECIAL SALE BETWEEX 9 AND 10 A. M. G:.XY At .3 94 o Large lot of new prints. At 3c Yard wide cheese cloth. ; ' -At 4 94o Best dark prints. At 450 Handsome challies. At 554c Heavy unbleached -muslin. At 6?4c Good apron gingham. At 7o Fine cotton batting. At 8c Our ten cent bleached mus lin. . At IO940 Fancy colored sateens. ''' ' ' ' ' , GEO. 'B.CUARK & CO. Agents For C rawiora 1 li 1 f 1 U RUBBER SHEETING. In many grades in White. Maroon and Black. Double! and single coated. v 45C to 51.40 per yd. TOE ALLING RUBBER CO. SYNDICATE STORES 1126 MAIN STREETT i.mn Wfe T9 V 1 . cztoszxb posw amen JUST PHONE 1320, WHEN YOUR LAU1IDHY IS READY! If it's flat work you are sending 11?-, sncli as Sheets, PIUow Cases, Towels, Tabic Linen, etc. You'll bo agreeably suiqu-iseu upon their return to find how sweet and clean they smell how nicely each piece is Ironed, t Get the' Wash ready and Phone us to day. - :: -. CRAWFORD LAUNDRY CO., 4 Fairfield Avenue and Courtland Street.